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1.
J Mass Spectrom ; 59(6): e5033, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726726

RESUMO

A total of 43 compounds, including phenolic acids, flavonoids, lignans, and diterpene, were identified and characterized using UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS coupled with UNIFI software. The identified flavonoids were mostly isomers of luteolin, apigenin, and quercetin, which were elucidated and distinguished for the first time in pepper cultivars. The use of multivariate data analytics for sample discrimination revealed that luteolin derivatives played the most important role in differentiating pepper cultivars. The content of phenolic acids and flavonoids in immature green peppers was generally higher than that of mature red peppers. The pepper extracts possessed significant antioxidant activities, and the antioxidant activities correlated well with phenolic contents and their molecular structure. In conclusion, the findings expand our understanding of the phytochemical components of the Chinese pepper genotype at two maturity stages. Moreover, a UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS in negative ionization mode rapid methods for characterization and isomers differentiation was described.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Capsicum , Fenóis , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Capsicum/química , Isomerismo , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/análise , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , População do Leste Asiático
2.
Food Chem ; 454: 139609, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38795615

RESUMO

Steamed bread has long been an important part of Chinese cuisine. This study investigated the effects of salted egg white (SEW) (5, 10, 15, and 20% w/w) on the quality of steamed breads. Findings revealed that SEW notably enhanced the bread's volume and texture, with a 20% inclusion significantly boosting water retention and rheological properties, albeit reducing bread's lightness. In addition, the H-bond absorption band intensity in the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis showed increased peak intensities with higher SEW levels, indicative of protein structure alterations. X-ray diffraction confirmed the presence of an amylose-lipid complex. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) imaging depicted a smooth, consistent protein network with SEW addition. Consumer sensory evaluation responded favourably to the SEW15 steamed bread, suggesting its potential for food industry application. Overall, the study considers SEW an effective ingredient for improving steamed bread quality.

3.
J Vector Borne Dis ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634366

RESUMO

Malaria is a global health problem that causes 1.5-2.7 million deaths worldwide each year. Resistance to antimalarial drugs in malaria parasites and to insecticides in vectors is one of the most serious issues in the fight against the disease. Moreover, the lack of an effective vaccine against malaria is still a major concern. Recent developments in nanotechnology have resulted in new prospects for the fight against malaria, especially by obtaining metal nanoparticles (NPs) that are less toxic, highly biocompatible, environmentally friendly, and less expensive. Numerous studies have been conducted on the synthesis of green NPs using plants and microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, algae, actinomycetes, and viruses). To our knowledge, there is no literature review that compares toxicities and antimalarial effects of some existing metallic nanoparticles revealing their advantages and disadvantages. The purpose of this review is to assess the metal NPs obtained through various green synthesis processes, to display the worth of future malaria research, and to determine future strategies. The literature review revealed that there are very limited studies on green NPs covering all stages of malaria parasites. Additionally, green metal nanoparticles have yet to be studied for their possible toxic effects on infected as well as healthy erythrocytes. Moreover, the toxicities of green metal NPs obtained from various sources differed according to concentration, size, shape, synthesis method, and surface charge, indicating the necessity of optimizing the methods used in future studies. This work has investigated the effectiveness of green metal nanoparticles synthesized from different sources against malaria, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. It was concluded that studies on the toxic properties of green nanoparticles would be very important for future stages.

4.
Indian J Surg Oncol ; 15(1): 153-159, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511028

RESUMO

Gastric carcinoma is the fifth most common and the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The incidence of diffuse-type gastric cancer, of which signet ring cell carcinoma is a subtype, is rising in the world. Due to non-specific gastritis-like symptoms, difficulty in assessing true tumor characteristics owing to its horizontal spread, and non-distinguishable endoscopic appearance from other gastric pathologies, the diagnosis of this subtype is challenging. We present a case of a 67-year-old woman with progressively worsening abdominal pain who came for an endoscopic ultrasound evaluation of an incidentally noted pancreatic cyst on a previous MRI. During endoscopy, a 1-cm gastric ulcer was noted along the lesser curvature of the gastric body. Biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) with CDX-2 and keratin positivity. The patient underwent total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction. Gross specimen revealed a diffuse SRCC invading the muscularis propria, along with lymphovascular and perineural invasion. In the context of our case, we discuss the morphological features of SRCC and the effectiveness of treatment options based on existing literature. Early accurate diagnosis and staging play an important role in determining treatment options as well as the clinical course of gastric SRCC.

5.
Saudi Med J ; 45(3): 295-306, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of leukemia in the Aseer region of Saudi Arabia and the importance of hematological, biochemical and coagulation profiles for leukemic patients in the context of disease management. METHODS: This retrospective study comprised 210 patients between 2012 and 2022 who had been diagnosed with leukemia at different ages. The multiple unpaired t-test was used to compare leukemic patients with control samples, which consisted of healthy individuals, and p<0.05 was taken as significant. The data was compiled from Aseer Central Hospital in the Aseer region and collected through peripheral blood smear and bone marrow biopsy (2012-2017) or by flow cytometry (2018-2022), according to the hospital information system and registry data. RESULTS: Of the total 210 leukemic patients (61.4% males and 38.6% females), 104 cases (2012-2017) were diagnosed based on peripheral blood smear and bone marrow biopsy, and 106 cases (2018-2022) based on flow cytometry. Fifteen subtypes of leukemia were identified, with chronic myeloid leukemia being the most common (34.2%), followed by acute myeloid leukemia (17.6%), chronic lymphoblastic leukemia (11.9%), and B-cell acute lymphoid leukemia (9.5%). Other rare cases were also found. CONCLUSION: Of the 210 leukemia cases diagnosed in the Aseer region between 2012-2022, the most common subtype was chronic myeloid leukemia, followed by acute myeloid leukemia. In all leukemia subtypes, distinctive significant changes were observed in hematological parameters, biochemical parameters, and coagulation profiles.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia
6.
Macromol Biosci ; 24(6): e2300520, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412873

RESUMO

Hydrogels have emerged as a promising option for treating local scald wounds due to their unique physical and chemical properties. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of ovalbumin/gelatin composite hydrogels in repairing deep II-degree scald wounds using a mouse dorsal skin model. Trauma tissues collected at various time points are analyzed for total protein content, hydroxyproline content, histological features, and expression of relevant markers. The results reveal that the hydrogel accelerates the healing process of scalded wounds, which is 17.27% higher than the control group. The hydrogel treatment also effectively prevents wound enlargement and redness of the edges caused by infection during the initial stage of scalding. The total protein and hydroxyproline content of the treated wounds are significantly elevated. Additionally, the hydrogel up-regulates the expression of VEGF (a crucial angiogenic factor) and down-regulates CD68 (a macrophage marker). In summary, this study provides valuable insights into the potential of multifunctional protein-based hydrogels in wound healing.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Hidrogéis , Prata , Cicatrização , Animais , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Camundongos , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Queimaduras/patologia , Queimaduras/metabolismo , Prata/química , Prata/farmacologia , Gelatina/química , Gelatina/farmacologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Ovalbumina , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Masculino , Hidroxiprolina/metabolismo , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/lesões , Pele/patologia , Pele/metabolismo
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37592792

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major healthcare problem and a common cause of mortality and morbidity. Clinical and preclinical research suggests sex-related differences in short- and long-term outcomes following TBI; however, males have been the main focus of TBI research. Females show a protective response against TBI. Female animals in preclinical studies and women in clinical trials have shown comparatively better outcomes against mild, moderate, or severe TBI. This reflects a favorable protective nature of the females compared to the males, primarily attributed to various protective mechanisms that provide better prognosis and recovery in the females after TBI. Understanding the sex difference in the TBI pathophysiology and the underlying mechanisms remains an elusive goal. In this review, we provide insights into various mechanisms related to the anatomical, physiological, hormonal, enzymatic, inflammatory, oxidative, genetic, or mitochondrial basis that support the protective nature of females compared to males. Furthermore, we sought to outline the evidence of multiple biomarkers that are highly potential in the investigation of TBI's prognosis, pathophysiology, and treatment and which can serve as objective measures and novel targets for individualized therapeutic interventions in TBI treatment. Implementations from this review are important for the understanding of the effect of sex on TBI outcomes and possible mechanisms behind the favorable response in females. It also emphasizes the critical need to include females as a biological variable and in sufficient numbers in future TBI studies.

8.
Isotopes Environ Health Stud ; 59(2): 202-215, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37029986

RESUMO

The authors studied the atmospheric radon concentration with associated meteorological parameters variation during the dust events from July to November 2017. We obtained the meteorological parameters data in weather station of Sulaymaniyah city, Iraq. In the environmental monitoring plan, the atmospheric radon fluctuated from 15 to 48 Bq m-3 around the mean value of 31.5 ± 7 Bq m-3 within the summer. In autumn, varied from 22 to 46 Bq m-3 with a mean value of 34 ± 12 Bq m-3. We employed this to determine the radon level anomalously. Using the modified statistical coefficients, such as the residual deviation (RD), residual fluctuation ratio (RFR), F-test, and p-value coefficients. Among the atmospheric radon fluctuation values, particularly one anomalous (42 Bq m-3) on 25 July was determined because the excessive value of the RD was 1.9 σ, and the RFR value was 66 %. Corresponding to our coefficients criteria, the minimum level of atmospheric radon (22 Bq m-3) does not consider anomalous because of increasing wind speed. Based on this, our method for determining the atmospheric radon anomalies that are influenced by the missed factors beyond the mentioned meteorological parameters is accurate.


Assuntos
Poluentes Radioativos do Ar , Monitoramento de Radiação , Radônio , Iraque , Monitoramento Ambiental , Meteorologia , Estações do Ano
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36820398

RESUMO

Food is always subjected to microbial infection and lipid peroxidation, which frequently leads to serious food intoxications. In the present study, essential oils (EOs) extracted from Lavandula dentata Moroccan species and its major component (linalool) were chemically characterized and their antioxidant potential and antibacterial properties against foodborne pathogenic bacteria were examined. EOs phytochemical profile was carried out using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis (GC-MS). The antioxidant potential was evaluated, in vitro, by use of the ß-carotene discoloration assay and in silico vs. NADPH oxidase enzymatic complex as an antioxidant marker. The antibacterial proprieties were assessed by use of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and disc diffusion methods, against Gram (-) bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella enterica, and Escherichia coli) and Gram (+) bacteria (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus). Linalool (49.71%) was the major component among the eighteen components identified in Lavandula dentate EO, followed by camphor (14.36%) and borneol (8.21%). The studied EO and linalool compounds showed important antioxidant activity through the ß-carotene discoloration test with IC50 values of 35.72 ± 1.21 mg/mL and 30.32 ± 1.23 mg/mL, respectively. Among all the analyzed compounds of lavender EOs, thymol, carvacrol, and α-terpineol were the most active compounds against NADPH oxidase with a glide score of -6.483, -6.17, and -4.728 kcal/mol, respectively. 2D and 3D views showed the formation of hydrogen bonds between the most active compounds and the active site of NADPH oxidase. The antibacterial data showed a significant activity of Lavandula dentata essences against tested foodborne pathogenic bacteria, especially against S. aureus and B. subtilis. Linalool proved active toward the same bacteria and had closer activity to that of lavender essential oil. In light of the obtained findings, the essential oil of Lavandula dentata Moroccan species can be used in the packaging sector as a promising natural food conservative to limit lipid oxidation and treat foodborne infections.

10.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e262479, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700584

RESUMO

The methanolic, chloroformic and aqueous extract of Achillea millefolium and Chaerophyllum villosum were investigated for cytotoxicity, phytotoxic and insecticidal activities. Cytotoxicity was investigated by brine shrimp lethality assay indicating that the crude methanolic extract of A.millefolium and chloroformic extract of C.villosum revealed highest mortality of brine shrimps with (LD50 of 52.60 µg/ml) and (14.81 µg/ml). Phytotoxicity was evaluated using the Lemna minor bioassay which revealed that the crude methanolic extract of A.millefolium and C.villosum extract has maximum inhibition of Lemna minor with (Fl50 6.60 µg/ml) and (0.67 µg/ml).The insecticidal activity showed that among all the insects studied it was observed that methanolic extract of A. millefoliumand C. villosum was highly toxic to Sphenoptera dadkhani with (LD50=4.17 µg/ml) and (0.34 µg/ml). From the present study it can be concluded that different extracts from A. millefolium and C. villosum showed good cytotoxic, phytotoxic and insecticidal activity in a dose dependent manner.


Assuntos
Achillea , Antineoplásicos , Inseticidas , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Inseticidas/toxicidade
11.
IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst ; 34(9): 5517-5530, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851837

RESUMO

Using a nonconvex nonsmooth optimization approach, we introduce a model for semisupervised clustering (SSC) with pairwise constraints. In this model, the objective function is represented as a sum of three terms: the first term reflects the clustering error for unlabeled data points, the second term expresses the error for data points with must-link (ML) constraints, and the third term represents the error for data points with cannot-link (CL) constraints. This function is nonconvex and nonsmooth. To find its optimal solutions, we introduce an adaptive SSC (A-SSC) algorithm. This algorithm is based on the combination of the nonsmooth optimization method and an incremental approach, which involves the auxiliary SSC problem. The algorithm constructs clusters incrementally starting from one cluster and gradually adding one cluster center at each iteration. The solutions to the auxiliary SSC problem are utilized as starting points for solving the nonconvex SSC problem. The discrete gradient method (DGM) of nonsmooth optimization is applied to solve the underlying nonsmooth optimization problems. This method does not require subgradient evaluations and uses only function values. The performance of the A-SSC algorithm is evaluated and compared with four benchmarking SSC algorithms on one synthetic and 12 real-world datasets. Results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm outperforms the other four algorithms in identifying compact and well-separated clusters while satisfying most constraints.

12.
J Nephrol ; 36(3): 677-686, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36445562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is prone to thrombosis which can be avoided by use of monitoring and surveillance programmes. Although surveillance imaging techniques have been shown to be more sensitive and specific than clinical monitoring during dialysis, monitoring may have significant advantages in terms of cost and time saving. In this study we evaluate the yield of two monitoring techniques [blood temperature monitoring (BTM) access recirculation (AR) and Kt/V via online-clearance-monitoring (OCM)]. METHODS: In this single-centre prospective observational study, 101 patients were followed-up for one year. The primary outcome measure was a composite of AVF failure. OCM-Kt/V and BTM-AR were recorded at every dialysis session. RESULTS: Of all baseline characteristics only a prior history of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) to the AVF conferred a significant change in AVF survival (failure events/100 pt years with prior PTA vs. without = 64.0 vs. 17.3, log-rank p = 0.0014; unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) 3.74 (95% CI 1.56-8.94) p = 0.003). Participants with baseline AR < 10% vs. > 15% had poorer AVF survival (p = 0.0002) and HR for baseline AR 10-15% group vs. AR > 15% group = 4.5 (95% CI 1.55-13.05). There was no combination of change in (Δ) AR, ΔKt/V or its presence over any number of dialysis sessions that provided an acceptable combination of sensitivity and specificity or discrimination for AVF failure. CONCLUSIONS: BTM-AR and OCM-Kt/V are specific but insufficiently sensitive tools for the prediction of AVF failure. BTM-AR and OCM-Kt/V use at every dialysis session appears to add little to the traditional, infrequent use of these evaluations.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Trombose , Humanos , Diálise Renal/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
ACS Sustain Chem Eng ; 11(6): 2397-2403, 2023 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38162324

RESUMO

With the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill that removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act altogether, production of hemp is experiencing a renaissance. Building on this revival and re-emergence of hemp, we designed and fabricated hemp-based sustainable and robust slippery surfaces by coating hemp paper with beeswax and subsequently infusing it with hemp oil. A wide variety of aqueous liquids and beverages easily slide on our hemp-based sustainable slippery surfaces, without leaving a trace. We also fabricated hemp-based sustainable slippery surfaces using different textured metals. Our hemp-based sustainable slippery metal surfaces display good icephobic and antithrombotic properties. With these attributes, we envision that our hemp-based sustainable slippery surfaces will pave the path to more safe, non-toxic, and biodegradable or recyclable slippery surfaces for applications in food packaging, anti-icing or de-icing coatings, and antithrombotic medical devices.

14.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-8, 2023. map, graf, tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468885

RESUMO

Climatic factors play an essential role in the growth of tree ring width. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between climatic variables and tree-ring growth characteristics of Pinus sibirica in Altai mountains, northwestern China. This study being is first of its kind on climate growth analysis of Pinus sibirica in northwestern China. The study showed great potential to understand the species growing under the specific climatic conditions. Total of 70 tree cores collected from three sites in the sampling area, out of which 63 tree cores considered for this study. The effect of climatic variables which was studied include precipitation, temperature and PDSI. Our results showed that Tree Ring Width chronology has a significantly positive correlation with the late winter (March) temperature and significant negative correlation with the July temperatures. A significant correlation was observed with the late summer precipitation whereas no significant relation found with the Palmer Drought Severity Index. These significant correlations with temperature and precipitation suggested that this tree species had the potential for the reconstruction of the past climate in the area.


Fatores climáticos desempenham papel essencial no crescimento da largura dos anéis das árvores. Neste estudo, objetivou-se avaliar a correlação entre variáveis climáticas e características de crescimento de anéis de árvores de Pinus sibirica nas montanhas de Altai, noroeste da China. Este estudo é o primeiro desse tipo na análise do crescimento climático de Pinus sibirica no noroeste da China. O estudo mostrou grande potencial para entender as espécies que crescem sob as condições climáticas específicas. Total de 70 testemunhos coletados em três locais na área de amostragem, dos quais 63 testemunhos considerados para este estudo. O efeito das variáveis climáticas estudadas incluem precipitação, temperatura e PDSI. Nossos resultados mostraram que a cronologia da Largura do Anel da Árvore tem uma correlação significativamente positiva com a temperatura do final do inverno (março) e uma correlação negativa significativa com as temperaturas de julho. Uma correlação significativa foi observada com a precipitação do final do verão, enquanto nenhuma relação significativa foi encontrada com o Índice de Severidade de Seca de Palmer. Essas correlações significativas com a temperatura e precipitação sugeriram que esta espécie de árvore tinha o potencial para a reconstrução do clima passado na área.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Pinus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
15.
Braz. j. biol ; 832023.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469101

RESUMO

Abstract Climatic factors play an essential role in the growth of tree ring width. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between climatic variables and tree-ring growth characteristics of Pinus sibirica in Altai mountains, northwestern China. This study being is first of its kind on climate growth analysis of Pinus sibirica in northwestern China. The study showed great potential to understand the species growing under the specific climatic conditions. Total of 70 tree cores collected from three sites in the sampling area, out of which 63 tree cores considered for this study. The effect of climatic variables which was studied include precipitation, temperature and PDSI. Our results showed that Tree Ring Width chronology has a significantly positive correlation with the late winter (March) temperature and significant negative correlation with the July temperatures. A significant correlation was observed with the late summer precipitation whereas no significant relation found with the Palmer Drought Severity Index. These significant correlations with temperature and precipitation suggested that this tree species had the potential for the reconstruction of the past climate in the area.


RESUMO Fatores climáticos desempenham papel essencial no crescimento da largura dos anéis das árvores. Neste estudo, objetivou-se avaliar a correlação entre variáveis climáticas e características de crescimento de anéis de árvores de Pinus sibirica nas montanhas de Altai, noroeste da China. Este estudo é o primeiro desse tipo na análise do crescimento climático de Pinus sibirica no noroeste da China. O estudo mostrou grande potencial para entender as espécies que crescem sob as condições climáticas específicas. Total de 70 testemunhos coletados em três locais na área de amostragem, dos quais 63 testemunhos considerados para este estudo. O efeito das variáveis climáticas estudadas incluem precipitação, temperatura e PDSI. Nossos resultados mostraram que a cronologia da Largura do Anel da Árvore tem uma correlação significativamente positiva com a temperatura do final do inverno (março) e uma correlação negativa significativa com as temperaturas de julho. Uma correlação significativa foi observada com a precipitação do final do verão, enquanto nenhuma relação significativa foi encontrada com o Índice de Severidade de Seca de Palmer. Essas correlações significativas com a temperatura e precipitação sugeriram que esta espécie de árvore tinha o potencial para a reconstrução do clima passado na área.

17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(43): e2211042119, 2022 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252006

RESUMO

Various forms of ecological monitoring and disease diagnosis rely upon the detection of amphiphiles, including lipids, lipopolysaccharides, and lipoproteins, at ultralow concentrations in small droplets. Although assays based on droplets' wettability provide promising options in some cases, their reliance on the measurements of surface and bulk properties of whole droplets (e.g., contact angles, surface tensions) makes it difficult to monitor trace amounts of these amphiphiles within small-volume samples. Here, we report a design principle in which self-assembled monolayer-functionalized microstructured surfaces coated with silicone oil create locally disordered regions within a droplet's contact lines to effectively concentrate amphiphiles within the areas that dominate the droplet static friction. Remarkably, such surfaces enable the ultrasensitive, naked-eye detection of amphiphiles through changes in the droplets' sliding angles, even when the concentration is four to five orders of magnitude below their critical micelle concentration. We develop a thermodynamic model to explain the partitioning of amphiphiles at the contact line by their cooperative association within the disordered, loosely packed regions of the self-assembled monolayer. Based on this local analyte concentrating effect, we showcase laboratory-on-a-chip surfaces with positionally dependent pinning forces capable of both detecting industrially and biologically relevant amphiphiles (e.g., bacterial endotoxins), as well as sorting aqueous droplets into discrete groups based on their amphiphile concentrations. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the sliding behavior of amphiphile-laden aqueous droplets provides insight into the amphiphile's effective length, thereby allowing these surfaces to discriminate between analytes with highly disparate molecular sizes.


Assuntos
Micelas , Óleos de Silicone , Lipopolissacarídeos , Tensão Superficial , Água , Molhabilidade
18.
Cureus ; 14(8): e27927, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120265

RESUMO

Vertebral artery dissection as a cause of basilar artery thrombosis is an exceedingly rare event that is associated with significant morbidity and poor outcomes. We present an unusual case of bilateral vertebral artery dissection and spinal cord compression in a 21-year-old male involved in a diving accident. The patient received limited antithrombotic therapy in pursuit of surgical spinal decompression, ultimately contributing to thrombosis of the basilar artery in the post-operative period and death following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Our goal is to highlight the severity of vertebral artery injury and the critical importance of treatment in the prevention of associated sequelae.

19.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 30(12): 4189-4197, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35821527

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This systematic review aims to summarise the outcomes of gastrocnemius release in the management of Achilles Tendinopathy. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. A computer-based search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, Scopus and ISI Web of Science. Two independent reviewers performed both title/abstract and full-text screening according to a-priori selection criteria. English-language original research studies reporting outcomes for gastrocnemius recession in patients with Achilles tendinopathy were included. Study quality and risk of bias were assessed using the MINORS criteria. RESULTS: Of the 229 articles identified following database searching, nine studies describing 145 cases of gastrocnemius recession were included in the review. Clinically important differences were reported across a range of validated patient reported outcome scores including VISA-A, FFI, FAAM and VAS pain score. Outcomes appear to be superior in patients with noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy, however further research is required to confirm this. Studies also reported an increase in ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and a good rate of return to sport/work. The overall complication rate was 10/123 (8.1%), with sural nerve injury being the most common complication, occurring in 5/123 (4.1%) of cases. CONCLUSION: The results of this review suggest gastrocnemius release to be an effective treatment option in the management of patients with Achilles tendinopathy, who have gastrocnemius contracture and have previously failed to respond adequately to non-operative treatment. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Contratura , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Tendinopatia , Humanos , Tendão do Calcâneo/cirurgia , Tendinopatia/cirurgia , Músculo Esquelético/cirurgia , Contratura/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos
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