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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246651, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285627

RESUMO

Abstract The medicinal attributes of honey appears to overshadow its importance as a functional food. Consequently, several literatures are rife with ancient uses of honey as complementary and alternative medicine, with relevance to modern day health care, supported by evidence-based clinical data, with little attention given to honey's nutritional functions. The moisture contents of honey extracted from University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore honey bee farm was 12.19% while that of natural source was 9.03 ± 1.63%. Similarly, ash and protein contents of farmed honey recorded were 0.37% and 5.22%, respectively. Whereas ash and protein contents of natural honey were 1.70 ± 1.98% and 6.10 ± 0.79%. Likewise fat, dietary fiber and carbohydrates contents of farmed source documented were 0.14%, 1.99% and 62.26% respectively. Although fat, dietary fiber and carbohydrates contents of honey taken from natural resource were 0.54 ± 0.28%, 2.76 ± 1.07% and 55.32 ± 2.91% respectively. Glucose and fructose contents of honey taken out from honeybee farm were 27% and 34% but natural source were 22.50 ± 2.12% and 28.50 ± 3.54%. Glucose and fructose contents of honey taken out from honeybee farm were 27% and 34% but natural source were 22.50 ± 2.12% and 28.50 ± 3.54%. Similarly, sucrose and maltose contents of farmed honey were 2.5% and 12% while in natural honey were 1.35 ± 0.49% and 8.00 ± 1.41% respectively. The present study indicates that such as moisture, carbohydrates, sucrose and maltose contents were higher farmed honey as compared to the natural honey. In our recommendation natural honey is better than farmed honey.


Resumo Os atributos medicinais do mel parecem ofuscar sua importância como alimento funcional. Consequentemente, várias literaturas estão repletas de usos antigos do mel como medicina complementar e alternativa, com relevância para os cuidados de saúde modernos, apoiados por dados clínicos baseados em evidências, com pouca atenção dada às funções nutricionais do mel. O teor de umidade do mel extraído da Universidade de Veterinária e Ciências Animais, fazenda de abelhas de Lahore, foi de 12,19%, enquanto o de fonte natural foi de 9,03 ± 1,63%. Da mesma forma, os teores de cinzas e proteínas do mel cultivado foram de 0,37% e 5,22%, respectivamente. Já os teores de cinzas e proteínas do mel natural foram de 1,70 ± 1,98% e 6,10 ± 0,79%. Da mesma forma, os teores de gordura, fibra dietética e carboidratos de origem cultivada documentados foram de 0,14%, 1,99% e 62,26%, respectivamente. Embora os teores de gordura, fibra alimentar e carboidratos do mel retirado dos recursos naturais fossem de 0,54 ± 0,28%, 2,76 ± 1,07% e 55,32 ± 2,91%, respectivamente. Os conteúdos de glicose e frutose do mel retirado da fazenda de abelhas foram de 27% e 34%, mas a fonte natural foi de 22,50 ± 2,12% e 28,50 ± 3,54%. Os conteúdos de glicose e frutose do mel retirado da fazenda de abelhas foram de 27% e 34%, mas a fonte natural foi de 22,50 ± 2,12% e 28,50 ± 3,54%. Da mesma forma, os teores de sacarose e maltose no mel cultivado foram de 2,5% e 12%, enquanto no mel natural foram de 1,35 ± 0,49% e 8,00 ± 1,41%, respectivamente. O presente estudo indica que os teores de umidade, carboidratos, sacarose e maltose foram maiores no mel cultivado em comparação ao mel natural. Em nossa recomendação, o mel natural é melhor que o mel de cultivo.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e238735, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153486

RESUMO

Abstract Using wire mesh live traps distribution pattern of the Rattus rattus and Mus musculus in different shops of three districts of Malakand region, Pakistan were recorded from September 2014 to October 2015. Over all 103 rodents (Rattus rattus 86 and Mus musculus 17) were caught during in 0.04 trap success (2448 trap nights). Regression of daily captures on cumulative captures revealed an estimate of 103 rodents from all the sampled structures with an average of 3.55 rodents per shop. R. rattus; 83.4% of captures were numerically dominant in almost all types of shops sampled, and were significantly different than Mus musculus; 16.5% of captures. Both species were found together in some shops while they were mostly trapped from the separate shops. Male rodents outnumbered the females.


Resumo Usando o padrão de distribuição de armadilhas vivas de malha de arame do Rattus rattus e Mus musculus em diferentes lojas de três distritos da região de Malakand, o Paquistão foi registrado de setembro de 2014 a outubro de 2015. No total, 103 roedores (Rattus rattus 86 e Mus musculus 17) foram pegos durante em 0,04 armadilha de sucesso (2448 noites de armadilha). A regressão das capturas diárias em capturas cumulativas revelou uma estimativa de 103 roedores de todas as estruturas amostradas, com uma média de 3,55 roedores por loja. R. rattus; 83,4% das capturas foram numericamente dominantes em quase todos os tipos de lojas da amostra e foram significativamente diferentes do Mus musculus; 16,5% das capturas. Ambas as espécies foram encontradas juntas em algumas lojas, enquanto estavam na maior parte presas em lojas separadas. Os roedores machos eram mais numerosos do que as fêmeas.

3.
Cureus ; 13(9): e18291, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722067

RESUMO

We present a case of an 86-year-old woman who presented with a progressive quadriparesis two days after her second dose of Moderna SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evidence of cytoalbuminocytological dissociation and electromyogram/nerve conduction studies (EMG/NCS) findings suggestive of acute axonal motor neuropathy. Her clinical symptoms did not improve with plasmapheresis. There appears to be a potential temporal association between the inoculation of mRNA-based SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and the development of Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS). Despite this possible association, infection prevention using highly effective mRNA-based vaccines remains highly recommended. Large epidemiological studies of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine-related adverse events are needed. Physicians should be aware of this possible temporal association since the prompt diagnosis and treatment of GBS can drastically improve outcomes. The aim is to report a case of axonal-variant GBS that was temporally associated with an mRNA-based SARS-CoV-2 vaccine.

4.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 752658, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722479

RESUMO

Extracelluar matrix (ECM) proteins create complex networks of macromolecules which fill-in the extracellular spaces of living tissues. They provide structural support and play an important role in maintaining cellular functions. Identification of ECM proteins can play a vital role in studying various types of diseases. Conventional wet lab-based methods are reliable; however, they are expensive and time consuming and are, therefore, not scalable. In this research, we propose a sequence-based novel machine learning approach for the prediction of ECM proteins. In the proposed method, composition of k-spaced amino acid pair (CKSAAP) features are encoded into a classifiable latent space (LS) with the help of deep latent space encoding (LSE). A comprehensive ablation analysis is conducted for performance evaluation of the proposed method. Results are compared with other state-of-the-art methods on the benchmark dataset, and the proposed ECM-LSE approach has shown to comprehensively outperform the contemporary methods.

5.
Cureus ; 13(10): e18956, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815902

RESUMO

We present the case of a 69-year-old man patient who was brought with a history of gait disturbances, memory impairment, and urinary incontinence with gradual worsening over the past six months. The patient underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain which demonstrated enlarged ventricles, widening of the Sylvian fissure, and narrow sulci at the vertex. Subsequently, the patient underwent a lumbar puncture which revealed a normal opening pressure with normal cerebrospinal fluid analysis. The diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus was established. The patient underwent a ventriculoperitoneal shunt for the management of his symptoms. Three years after the placement of the shunt, the patient was brought to the emergency department with an expanding right-sided subcutaneous abdominal mass. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed the subcutaneous mass superficial to the right rectus muscle and was containing the coiled distal end of the shunt. Such findings were consistent with a subcutaneous cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst. The mass was aspirated and the fluid analysis was in keeping with the cerebrospinal fluid characteristics. The fluid culture revealed no bacterial growth. The ventriculoperitoneal shunt was replaced with a minimally invasive technique.

6.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 10(9): 3381-3386, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760761

RESUMO

Background: Fatty liver is a disease caused by the accumulation of fat in the liver. It is one of the major risk factors for developing cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Saudi Arabia is one of the most prevalent countries in diabetes and obesity; the overall prevalence of diabetes is 23.7% and obesity is 35.6%. Aim: To study the correlation between fatty liver finding on abdominal ultrasound (US) and their clinical and biochemical profile including BMI, blood glucose level, lipid profile, liver function tests, and blood pressure in both group lean and obese patients. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 346 fatty liver ultrasound-proven patients were enrolled in the study from January to May 2016 in King Saud Hospital- Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Results: Mean age of the participants was 50.3 years. Female participants were 55% of the cohort. Participants were divided based on their BMI: BMI <25 (lean), BMI of 25-30 (overweight and mild obesity), and BMI >30 (morbid obesity). We found that cholesterol (P = 0.007) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (P = 0.015) were higher in lean compared to others (5 and 3.1), respectively. Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) was higher in mildly obese patients (113.2) and ALT, which was higher in lean patients (60.4). In addition, 34.5% of the overall patients had Diabetes Mellitus (DM). We found that HbA1c was lower in lean (7.3) compared to morbidly obese patients (7.6). Platelets counts were higher in morbidly obese patients (278) compared to other groups. Conclusion: High cholesterol and LDL strongly correlated with lean fatty liver patients. There was a significant relationship between the female gender and the risk of development of fatty liver. However, liver enzymes were within the normal range, except GGT, which was higher in all the groups, with the highest value in mildly obese patients. Therefore, they are not sensitive for diagnosing fatty liver patients.

7.
Cancer Discov ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764195

RESUMO

We conducted a randomized phase 3 trial to evaluate whether adjuvant pembrolizumab for one year (648 patients) improved recurrence-free survival (RFS) or overall survival (OS) in comparison to high-dose interferon alfa-2b for one year or ipilimumab for up to three years (655 patients), the approved standard-of-care adjuvant immunotherapies at the time of enrollment for patients with high-risk resected melanoma. At a median follow-up of 47.5 months, pembrolizumab was associated with significantly longer RFS than prior standard-of-care adjuvant immunotherapies (hazard ratio [HR] 0.77; 99.62% confidence interval [CI] 0.59-0.99; P=0.002). There was no statistically significant association with OS among all patients (HR, 0.82; 96.3% CI 0.61-1.09; P=0.15). Proportions of treatment-related adverse events of grades 3 to 5 were 19.5% with pembrolizumab, 71.2% with interferon alfa-2b, and 49.2% with ipilimumab. Therefore, adjuvant pembrolizumab significantly improved RFS but not OS compared to the prior standard-of-care immunotherapies for patients with high-risk resected melanoma.

8.
Spec Care Dentist ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766641

RESUMO

Chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia (CLL) is the most prevalent leukemia in developed countries, caused by monoclonal proliferation of CD5+ B-cells and accumulation of mature-appearing-neoplastic lymphocytes in blood, bone marrow, and secondary lymphoid organs. Oral manifestations of CLL are infrequent and rarely reported in literature. We report a new case of a 67-year old man who presented with the complaints of tooth mobility and gingival swelling. Extra-oral examination was remarkable for cutaneous pallor and bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy involving the submandibular, and deep cervical lymph nodes on both sides of the neck. Complete blood count revealed normal red blood cell count (4.25 × 106/µl), normal platelet count (136 × 103/µl) and increased white blood cell count (25.3 × 103/µl). Differential white blood cell count showed marked lymphocytosis (88%), and blood film revealed the presence of leukocytosis, with small mature-looking lymphocytes, and mild thrombocytopenia. A flow cytometry immune-phenotyping revealed that 55% of peripheral blood cells were monoclonal B-lymphocytes expressing CD19, CD20, CD23, CD200, CD22, CD5, CD38, CD11c, sIgD and Kappa light chain confirming the diagnosis of CLL. Oral healthcare professionals should consider systemic causes, such as CLL, in the differential diagnosis of generalized tooth mobility and gingival swelling, particularly in patients with associated symptoms such as lymphadenopathy, fever, weight loss, and general fatigue.

9.
AIMS Public Health ; 8(4): 563-580, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786420

RESUMO

Objectives: Among medical students, depression, anxiety, and stress (DAS) are key public wellbeing challenges that require epidemiological research. We aimed to evaluate potential sources of these psychological disturbances and assess the contribution of academic and non-academic life stressors in psychological morbidity among medical students. Methods: This exploratory questionnaire-based survey was conducted in a Saudi Arabian public sector medical college. A total of 231 medical students were enrolled and completed the depression, anxiety, and stress scale-21 (DASS-21) questionnaire. Results: More than half of the medical students, 129 (55.8%), had depression, 106 (45.9%) students had anxiety, and 87 (37.7%) students had stress. Academic achievement was the largest explanatory factor for depression and stress, whereas bodily appearance constituted the largest explanatory factor of anxiety among the study sample. Academic and non-academic stressors score was significantly associated with depression (adjusted Odds Ratio, aOR = 1.13, 95% CI 1.07-1.19), anxiety (aOR = 1.07, 95% CI 1.03-1.12), and stress (aOR = 1.12, 95% CI 1.08-1.17). Conclusions: Medical students have a high incidence of negative emotional states. These negative psychological states were explained by academic achievement and bodily appearance. The studied stressors influenced medical students' psychological wellbeing.

10.
Am J Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794647

RESUMO

Atypical antipsychotics are used in cardiac intensive care units (CICU) to treat delirium despite limited data on safety in patients with acute cardiovascular conditions. Patients treated with these agents may be at higher risk for adverse events such as QTc prolongation and arrhythmias. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 144 adult patients who were not receiving antipsychotics before admission and received olanzapine (n = 50) or quetiapine (n = 94) in the Michigan Medicine CICU. Data on baseline characteristics, antipsychotic dose and duration, length of stay, and adverse events were collected. Adverse events included ventricular tachycardia (sustained ventricular tachycardia attributed to the medication), hypotension (systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg attributed to the medication), and QTc prolongation (QTc increase by ≥60 ms or to an interval ≥500 ms). Twenty-six patients (18%) experienced an adverse event. Of those adverse events, 20 patients (14%) experienced QTc prolongation, 3 patients (2%) had ventricular tachycardia, and 3 patients (2%) had hypotension. Patients who received quetiapine had a higher rate of adverse events (25% vs 6%, p = 0.01) including QTc prolongation (18% vs 6%, p = 0.046). Intensive care unit length of stay was shorter in patients who received olanzapine (6.5 vs 9.5 days, p = 0.047). Eighteen patients (13%) had their antipsychotic continued at discharge from the hospital. In conclusion, QTc prolongation was more common in patients treated with quetiapine versus olanzapine although the number of events was relatively low with both agents in a CICU cohort.

11.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(11)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment-free survival (TFS) characterizes disease control after discontinuation of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) until subsequent therapy or death. We previously evaluated TFS in a pooled analysis of the CheckMate 067 and CheckMate 069 trials of the ICIs nivolumab and ipilimumab, alone or in combination, in patients with advanced melanoma after minimum follow-up of 36 months. This analysis investigated TFS differences between treatments in CheckMate 067 after a minimum follow-up of 60 months, and their relation to overall survival (OS) differences. METHODS: Data were from 937 patients who initiated treatment (nivolumab plus ipilimumab, nivolumab, or ipilimumab) in CheckMate 067 (NCT01844505). TFS was defined as the area between the Kaplan-Meier curves for time to protocol therapy cessation and time to subsequent systemic therapy initiation or death, each measured from randomization. TFS was partitioned as time with and without toxicity. Toxicity included persistent and late-onset grade ≥2 select treatment-related adverse events (ie, those of potential immunologic etiology). The area between Kaplan-Meier curves was estimated by the difference in 60-month restricted-mean times of the endpoints. Between-group differences were estimated with bootstrapped 95% CIs. RESULTS: At 60 months from randomization, 39%, 24%, and 11% of patients assigned to treatment with nivolumab plus ipilimumab, nivolumab, and ipilimumab, respectively, had survived and were treatment-free. The 60-month mean TFS was approximately twice as long with the combination (19.7 months) than with nivolumab (9.9 months; absolute difference, 9.8 (95% CI 6.7 to 12.8)) or ipilimumab (11.9 months; absolute difference, 7.8 (95% CI 4.6 to 11.0)). In the respective groups, mean TFS represented 33% (8% with and 25% without toxicity), 17% (2% and 14%), and 20% (3% and 17%) of the 60-month period. Compared with 36-month estimates, mean TFS over the 60-month period represented slightly greater percentages of time in the nivolumab-containing regimen groups and a lesser percentage in the ipilimumab group. TFS differences between the combination and either monotherapy increased with longer follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Along with improved long-term OS with the nivolumab-containing regimens versus ipilimumab, TFS without toxicity was sustained with nivolumab plus ipilimumab versus either monotherapy, demonstrating larger between-group differences with extended follow-up.

12.
Cureus ; 13(10): e18587, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765354

RESUMO

Low back pain is very common and the vast majority of cases are related to non-specific etiologies. Low back pain due to serious pathologies is very rare. We present the case of a 66-year-old man with progressively worsening low back pain. His past medical history was remarkable for poorly controlled hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia. He had several visits to the outpatient clinics and was diagnosed as having low back pain due to musculoskeletal etiology. He was prescribed multiple oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and underwent multiple sessions of physiotherapy. However, his condition progressed, and did not show any clinical improvement. He underwent a plain radiograph of the lumbosacral spine which revealed decreased intervertebral disc spaces with multiple osteophytes. However, aneurysmal dilatation of the abdominal aorta was noted with atheromatous calcification. Computed tomography angiography confirmed the diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The patient underwent endovascular repair of the aneurysm. The patient had complete resolution of his low back pain and remained symptom-free after six months of follow-up. The present case highlighted that those common presentations such as low back pain can be indicative of serious underlying pathology. Early diagnosis and management of abdominal aortic aneurysms can improve the prognosis and survival.

13.
Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 25(4): e628-e632, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737834

RESUMO

Introduction Excessive caffeine intake has been thought to be a contributory factor for tinnitus. However, there has been no systematic review to elucidate the causal relationship between caffeine intake and the incidence of tinnitus. Objectives We performed the current review aiming at evaluating the evidence from the current literature for the relationship between caffeine intake and the incidence of tinnitus. Data Synthesis Databases including PubMed, Scopus, and Google scholar were searched for relevant articles. A total of 142 studies were screened for eligibility, of which four articles met our inclusion criteria: two were prospective cohorts and two were cross-sectional studies. Although one study found no association between caffeine consumption and the incidence of tinnitus, an inverse relationship was reported by two population-based studies. Concerning patients with preexisting tinnitus, reduction of caffeine intake in a subset who consumed 150 ml to 300 ml/day of coffee yielded a favorable outcome in tinnitus severity. However, those with higher dose intake were less prone to have improvement in the severity of tinnitus. Conclusion Although the current review was inconclusive, it appears that the incidence of tinnitus in previously unaffected individuals might be prevented by a high dose of caffeine intake. However, in preexisting tinnitus, a high dose of caffeine may adversely interfere with the efficacy of caffeine reduction.

14.
BMC Palliat Care ; 20(1): 163, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although family caregivers (FCs) play an important role in the care provided to incurable cancer patients in our region, little is known about the burden they experience. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of caregiver burden (CB) among FCs of incurable cancer patients in two Eastern Mediterranean countries and to identify factors that may be associated with significant CB. METHODS: The study included 218 FCs, 165 from Egypt and 53 from Saudi Arabia. The 22-item Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI-22) was used to assess caregiver burden CB. Significant CB was defined as a ZBI-22 score ≥ 21. The assistance with basic ADLs was classified into 3 levels according to FCs' assistance with early/middle/late-loss basic ADLs. The relationship between CB and the assistance with ADLs and other factors was studied. RESULTS: The mean (SD) ZBI-22 score among FCs was 23.4 (9.3) and the majority (128/218, 59%) had significant CB. Eighty-nine percent of FCs assisted with at least one basic ADL. Assistance with late-loss basic ADLs, best supportive care treatment plan and poorer performance status were associated with higher CB (p < 0.0001, =0.018 and = 0.005). However, in logistic regression analysis, only assistance with late-loss ADLs was independently associated with significant CB (OR = 3.4 [95%CI:1.2-9.7], p = 0.024). CONCLUSION: A substantial proportion of FCs of incurable cancer patients in our region experience significant CB. Family caregivers assisting with late-loss basic ADLs are at risk of significant CB and should be routinely screened for CB.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Neoplasias , Atividades Cotidianas , Fardo do Cuidador , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Arábia Saudita
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654789

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare and progressive cardiopulmonary disease, characterized by pulmonary vasculopathy. The disease can lead to increase pulmonary arterial pressures and eventual right ventricular (RV) failure due to elevated afterload. The prevalence of PAH in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) is unknown and pulmonary hypertension (PH) in the ICU is more commonly the result of left heart disease or hypoxic lung injury (PH due to left heart disease and PH due to lung diseases and/or hypoxia, respectively), as opposed to PAH. Management of PAH patients in the ICU is complex as it requires a careful balance to maintain perfusion while optimizing right sided heart function. A comprehensive understanding of the underlying physiology and underlying hemodynamics is crucial for the management of this population. In this review, we summarized the evidence for use of vasopressors and inotropes in the management of PH and extrapolated the data to patients with PAH. We strongly believe that the understanding of the hemodynamic consequences of inotropes and vasopressors, especially from data in the PH population, can lead to better management of this complex patient population.

16.
Avicenna J Med ; 11(3): 160-162, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646794

RESUMO

Methotrexate neurotoxicity can present with a wide spectrum of neurologic symptoms and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) typically demonstrates cerebral edema, demyelination, multifocal white matter necrosis, and atrophy relatively selective for the deep cerebral white matter. Here, we report a case of subacute methotrexate neurotoxicity in a 40-year-old man with B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Brain MRI showed cytotoxic lesion in the splenium of corpus callosum and left middle cerebellar peduncle. Patient significantly improved 24 hours after receiving oral dextromethorphan. Methotrexate neurotoxicity should be suspected in any symptomatic patient receiving high dose of methotrexate or intrathecal methotrexate therapy. Dextromethorphan should be considered in these patients as it can modulate the excitatory responses to homocysteine and its metabolite which are usually elevated in such patients.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(14): 141801, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652194

RESUMO

A search for new phenomena is presented in final states with two leptons and one or no b-tagged jets. The event selection requires the two leptons to have opposite charge, the same flavor (electrons or muons), and a large invariant mass. The analysis is based on the full run-2 proton-proton collision dataset recorded at a center-of-mass energy of sqrt[s]=13 TeV by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb^{-1}. No significant deviation from the expected background is observed in the data. Inspired by the B-meson decay anomalies, a four-fermion contact interaction between two quarks (b, s) and two leptons (ee or µµ) is used as a benchmark signal model, which is characterized by the energy scale and coupling, Λ and g_{*}, respectively. Contact interactions with Λ/g_{*} lower than 2.0 (2.4) TeV are excluded for electrons (muons) at the 95% confidence level, still far below the value that is favored by the B-meson decay anomalies. Model-independent limits are set as a function of the minimum dilepton invariant mass, which allow the results to be reinterpreted in various signal scenarios.

18.
Photochem Photobiol ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612527

RESUMO

Azobenzene has attracted substantial attention as a photoswitchable molecule since its applications range from energy and data storage to biomedical applications. This work reports a new type of thin-film based on azobenzene derivative anchored to cerium oxide nanoparticles CeO2 NPs for photoswitching applications. The trans-cis isomerization and reverse isomerization occur by UV-light exposure and thermal relaxation process, respectively. The photoisomerization and reverse isomerization kinetics for CeO2 NPs-MR thin films are studied, investigated, and analyzed using UV-Vis absorbance spectra, FTIR spectroscopy, XRD, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), in addition to differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurement to study the energy storage capacity. The results found that anchoring azobenzene to CeO2 NPs is successful in multisource storage of solar energy applications.

19.
Photochem Photobiol ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614230

RESUMO

The photoisomerization kinetics of photoswitchable thin films based on nanostructure/molecular layers of AlN-AO7 have been studied, investigated and reported. The trans → cis isomerization process occurs by UV-light irradiation. The cis-isomer could be turned back to the trans-isomer by either thermal or optical relaxation. The kinetics and time-evolution of the photoisomerization and reverse isomerization mechanism of AlN-AO7 thin films are investigated by UV-Vis absorbance spectra using relevant models. All phases of AlN-AO7 thin film, initial trans-, cis-, optical trans-, thermal trans-phases, were investigated using UV-Vis absorbance spectra, FTIR spectra, XRD and SEM. Transforming AlN-AO7 thin film from the initial trans-phase into cis-phase leads to curvature in the AO7 leaves and increases in the strain inside the structure. Going back to the trans-phase by either optical or thermal relaxation leads to vanishing the curvature and decreasing the structure's strain. Finally, the energy storage capacity was calculated using DSC and was found to be 36.38 J g-1 , simultaneously realizing the multisource solar energy storage and environmental heat.

20.
JAMA Ophthalmol ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709363

RESUMO

Importance: Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) injections are used to treat a variety of posterior segment conditions, including some associated with glaucoma, such as macular edema due to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Therefore, information regarding intraocular pressure (IOP)-related events associated with anti-VEGF therapies is important to help balance the risks and benefits over the course of therapy. Objective: To investigate IOP-related events among participants in the Study of Comparative Treatments for Retinal Vein Occlusion 2 (SCORE2). Design, Setting, and Participants: Secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial that included 312 participants with macular edema secondary to CRVO or hemiretinal vein occlusion (HRVO) who were not taking IOP-lowering medications at baseline. First randomization occurred on September 14, 2014, and contained data through data freeze on April 1, 2020. Analysis took place from April 2020 through December 2020. Interventions: Study participants were initially randomized to 6 monthly intravitreal injections of aflibercept or bevacizumab. At month 6, protocol-defined good responders were rerandomized to continued monthly or treat-and-extend dosing of their originally assigned study drug, and protocol-defined poor or marginal responders were switched to alternative treatment. After month 12, participants were treated as per investigator discretion. Main Outcomes and Measures: Three different outcomes: (1) IOP elevation more than 10 mm Hg from baseline, (2) IOP to a level higher than 35 mm Hg, and (3) IOP-lowering incisional or laser surgery. Results: Of the 312 participants meeting inclusion criteria (138 [44.2%] were female; mean [SD] age, 67.8 [12.1] years), 25 (8.0%) had IOP elevation more than 10 mm Hg over baseline through month 60, and 5 (1.6%) had IOP higher than 35 mm Hg. The 60-month Kaplan-Meier cumulative incidence of IOP elevation more than 10 mm Hg over baseline was 0.13 (95% CI, 0.08-0.19), and the 60-month Kaplan-Meier cumulative incidence of IOP higher than 35 mm Hg was 0.02 (95% CI, 0.01-0.06), and did not differ among participants initially randomly assigned to receive aflibercept or bevacizumab. Three participants (1.0%) underwent IOP-lowering incisional surgery, and 3 participants (1.0%) underwent IOP-lowering glaucoma laser surgery. Conclusions and Relevance: Intravitreal anti-VEGF injections are used to treat some conditions associated with glaucoma, such as macular edema due to CRVO, and the rates of IOP-related events in this trial support monitoring IOP in eyes treated with anti-VEGF therapy for macular edema associated with CRVO or HRVO for up to 60 months. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01969708.

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