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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849235

RESUMO

AIMS: WHO Grade 3 (G3) meningiomas are rare tumours with limited data to guide management. This retrospective study documents UK management approaches across 14 centres over 11 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with WHO G3 meningioma between 01/01/2008 and 31/12/2018 were identified. Data were collected on demographics, management strategy, adjuvant radiotherapy, approach in recurrence setting and survival. RESULTS: 84 patients were identified. 21.4% transformed from lower-grade disease. 96.4% underwent primary surgical resection, with 20.8% having evidence of residual disease on their post-op MRI. 59.3% of patients underwent adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) following surgical resection. Overall median PFS and OS were 12.6 months and 28.2 months, respectively. Median OS in the group who underwent complete surgical resection was 34.9 months, compared to 27.5 months for those who had incomplete resection (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.27-1.23, p = 0.15). Median OS was 33.1 months for those who underwent adjuvant RT and 14.0 months for those who did not (HR 0.48, 95% CI 0.27-0.84, p = 0.004). Median adjuvant RT dose delivered was 60Gy (range 12Gy-60Gy), 45.8% of adjuvant RT was delivered using IMRT. At disease relapse, 31% underwent salvage surgery and 29.3% underwent salvage RT. Of those treated with salvage RT, 64.7% were re-treats and all were treated with hypofractionated RT. CONCLUSION: Surgery continues to be the preferred primary management strategy. Post-operative MRI within 48 hours is indicated to assess presence of residual disease and guide further surgical options. Adjuvant radiotherapy plays an important part of the management paradigm in these patients with the data supporting an attached survival advantage. Further surgery and re-irradiation is an option in the disease recurrence setting with radiosurgery frequently utilised in this context.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202408163, 2024 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880765

RESUMO

While protein aggregation is a hallmark of many neurodegenerative diseases, acquiring structural information on protein aggregates inside live cells remains challenging. Traditional microscopy does not provide structural information on protein systems. Routinely used fluorescent protein tags, such as Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP), might perturb native structures. Here, we report a counter-propagating mid-infrared photothermal imaging approach enabling mapping of secondary structure of protein aggregates in live cells modeling Huntington's disease. By comparing mid-infrared photothermal spectra of label-free and GFP-tagged huntingtin inclusions, we demonstrate that GFP fusions indeed perturb the secondary structure of aggregates. By implementing spectra with small spatial step for dissecting spectral features within sub-micrometer distances, we reveal that huntingtin inclusions partition into a ß-sheet-rich core and a ɑ-helix-rich shell. We further demonstrate that this structural partition exists only in cells with the [RNQ+] prion state, while [rnq-] cells only carry smaller ß-rich non-toxic aggregates. Collectively, our methodology has the potential to unveil detailed structural information on protein assemblies in live cells, enabling high-throughput structural screenings of macromolecular assemblies.

4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12841, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834703

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic hybrid light-emitting devices have garnered significant attention in the last few years due to their potential. These devices integrate the superior electron mobility of inorganic semiconductors with the remarkable optoelectronic characteristics of organic semiconductors. The inquiry focused on analyzing the optical and electrical properties of a light-emitting heterojunction that combines p-type GaN with organic materials (PEDOT, PSS, and PMMA). This heterojunction is an organic-inorganic hybrid. The procedure entailed utilizing a spin-coating technique to apply a layer of either poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) or a mixture of PMMA and poly(3,4ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT: PSS) onto an indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate. Subsequently, different Nd:YAG laser pulses (200, 250, and 300 pulses) were used to administer a GaN inorganic layer onto the prepared organic layer using a pulsed laser deposition approach. Subsequently, the thermal evaporation technique was employed to deposit an aluminum electrode on the top of the organic and inorganic layers, while laser pulses were fine-tuned for optimal performance. The Hall effect investigation verifies the p-type conductivity of the GaN material. The electroluminescence studies confirmed the production of blue light by the GaN-based devices throughout a range of voltage situations, spanning from 45 to 72 V.

5.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e31656, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828351

RESUMO

The freshwater shortage continues to be one of the greatest challenges affecting our planet. Although traditional membrane distillation (MD) can produce clean water regardless of climatic conditions, the process wastes a lot of energy. The technique of solar-powered membrane distillation (SPMD) has received a lot of interest in the past decade, thanks to the development of photothermal materials. SPMD is a promising replacement for the traditional MD based on fossil fuels, as it can prevent the harmful effects of emissions on the environment. Integrating green solar energy with MD can reduce the cost of the water purification process and secure freshwater production in remote areas. At this point, it is important to consider the most current progress of the SPMD system and highlight the challenges and prospects of this technology. Based on this, the background, recent advances, and principles of MD and SPMD, their configurations and mechanisms, fabrication methods, advantages, and current limitations are discussed. Detailed comparisons between SPMD and traditional MD, assessments of various standards for incorporating photothermal materials with desirable properties, discussions of desalination and other applications of SPMD and MD, and energy consumption rates are also covered. The final section addresses the potential of SPMD to outperform traditional desalination technology while improving water production without requiring a significant amount of electrical or high-grade thermal energy.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(22): 222303, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877919

RESUMO

K^{+}K^{-} pairs may be produced in photonuclear collisions, either from the decays of photoproduced ϕ(1020) mesons or directly as nonresonant K^{+}K^{-} pairs. Measurements of K^{+}K^{-} photoproduction probe the couplings between the ϕ(1020) and charged kaons with photons and nuclear targets. The kaon-proton scattering occurs at energies far above those available elsewhere. We present the first measurement of coherent photoproduction of K^{+}K^{-} pairs on lead ions in ultraperipheral collisions using the ALICE detector, including the first investigation of direct K^{+}K^{-} production. There is significant K^{+}K^{-} production at low transverse momentum, consistent with coherent photoproduction on lead targets. In the mass range 1.1

7.
Cureus ; 16(5): e61287, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38813072

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study used a high-power light-emitting diode (LED) device to evaluate the effects of two exposure times and intensities on pulp chamber temperature and cooling time during bracket bonding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty upper premolars were used in the sample in this study. These premolars were split into two main groups based on the exposure time and intensity: the first group employed a traditional curing mode (TCG) for 20 seconds with an intensity of 1200 mw/cm2, whereas the second group had a quick curing mode (QCG) for 3 seconds with an intensity of 2500 mw/cm2. The pulp chamber's temperature variations and cooling times were recorded using a thermal imaging camera. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to find differences between the two-group comparison of the pulp chamber's temperature and cooling time. RESULTS: The two groups had statistically significant differences regarding the temperature increase in the pulp chamber and cooling time (p > 0.001). The mean temperature increase in the traditional curing group was 3.52°C, which is greater than that in the quick curing group (i.e., a mean value of 1.28°C). The mean cooling time in the traditional curing group was 38.83 seconds, which is greater than that in the quick curing group (9.97 seconds). CONCLUSIONS: Reducing the exposure time to 3 seconds and increasing the intensity to 2500 mw/cm2 is considered safer for the pulp chamber during and after the curing process.

8.
Cureus ; 16(4): e58469, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765373

RESUMO

Background The COVID-19 pandemic has led to various health challenges, including the disruption of people's sense of smell. Olfactory disorders have been reported as a lingering consequence of COVID-19, with diverse patterns of smell dysfunction experienced by patients. Objectives This study aimed to investigate the impact of persistent smell disorders on the quality of life of individuals who recovered from COVID-19 in Taif, Saudi Arabia. Methodology A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Taif, Saudi Arabia, between October 2023 and January 2024. The study included adults with a history of PCR-confirmed COVID-19 infection in Taif city. Data were collected using a validated online survey employing a convenience sampling technique. Statistical analysis was carried out using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 26.0 (Released 2019; IBM Corp., Armonk, New York, United States), and chi-squared tests were used to assess the relationships. Results The study included 429 participants. A total of 52.7% of the respondents reported a loss of smell after recovering from COVID-19, and 14.9% reported a persistent loss of their sense of smell. The most common types of smell disorders experienced were hyposmia, anosmia, and parosmia. The study revealed emotional distress, changes in eating habits, and social impact among participants with smell disorders. Conclusion This study highlights the high prevalence of persistent smell disorders among individuals who recovered from COVID-19 in Taif, Saudi Arabia. The findings emphasize the complex nature of these disorders and their impact on patients' quality of life. This study contributes valuable information that can inform healthcare practices and support services for individuals experiencing post-COVID-19 smell disorders.

9.
Cureus ; 16(4): e57653, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707087

RESUMO

Introduction Through plausible biological mechanisms, periodontitis causes systemic inflammatory burden and response, thus resulting in damage far beyond the oral cavity. Studies have demonstrated periodontitis to be a significant risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. The larger the quantum of periodontal inflamed tissue, the greater the chances of periodontitis eliciting bacteremia and systemic inflammatory responses. Studies have reported that periodontitis and other common oral infections play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. Therefore, the quantity of inflamed periodontal tissue assumes significance in determining the severity of atherosclerosis. Hence, this study investigates the impact of periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) on the severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Materials and methods In this cross-sectional study, a total of 160 patients who presented at the department of periodontics of The British University in Egypt (BUE) from 1 January 2023 to 30 September 2023 were enrolled. Patients were only enrolled if they had undergone coronary angiography within the last six months, were less than 60 years of age, shared their previous medical history and coronary angiographic report, and gave informed written consent. Data on classic coronary risk factors and periodontal inflammatory status and angiographic findings were recorded and subjected to appropriate statistical analysis. Results The results revealed that the periodontal inflamed surface area (p = 0.002) apart from age (p < 0.047) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (p < 0.001) is a significant independent predictor of the severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Conclusions The periodontal inflamed surface area is an independent predictor of the severity of coronary atherosclerosis.

11.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 659, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has become a significant tool for exploring genetic diversity and delineating evolutionary links across diverse taxa. Within the group of cold-water fish species that are native to the Indian Himalayan region, Schizothorax esocinus holds particular importance due to its ecological significance and is potentially vulnerable to environmental changes. This research aims to clarify the phylogenetic relationships within the Schizothorax genus by utilizing mitochondrial protein-coding genes. METHODS: Standard protocols were followed for the isolation of DNA from S. esocinus. For the amplification of mtDNA, overlapping primers were used, and then subsequent sequencing was performed. The genetic features were investigated by the application of bioinformatic approaches. These approaches covered the evaluation of nucleotide composition, codon usage, selective pressure using nonsynonymous substitution /synonymous substitution (Ka/Ks) ratios, and phylogenetic analysis. RESULTS: The study specifically examined the 13 protein-coding genes of Schizothorax species which belongs to the Schizothoracinae subfamily. Nucleotide composition analysis showed a bias towards A + T content, consistent with other cyprinid fish species, suggesting evolutionary conservation. Relative Synonymous Codon Usage highlighted leucine as the most frequent (5.18%) and cysteine as the least frequent (0.78%) codon. The positive AT-skew and the predominantly negative GC-skew indicated the abundance of A and C. Comparative analysis revealed significant conservation of amino acids in multiple genes. The majority of amino acids were hydrophobic rather than polar. The purifying selection was revealed by the genetic distance and Ka/Ks ratios. Phylogenetic study revealed a significant genetic divergence between S. esocinus and other Schizothorax species with interspecific K2P distances ranging from 0.00 to 8.87%, with an average of 5.76%. CONCLUSION: The present study provides significant contributions to the understanding of mitochondrial genome diversity and genetic evolution mechanisms in Schizothoracinae, hence offering vital insights for the development of conservation initiatives aimed at protecting freshwater fish species.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Animais , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Composição de Bases/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Uso do Códon/genética , Truta/genética , Truta/classificação , Códon/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Evolução Molecular , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Genômica/métodos , Variação Genética/genética , Cyprinidae/genética , Cyprinidae/classificação
12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(17): 172302, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728735

RESUMO

This Letter presents the measurement of near-side associated per-trigger yields, denoted ridge yields, from the analysis of angular correlations of charged hadrons in proton-proton collisions at sqrt[s]=13 TeV. Long-range ridge yields are extracted for pairs of charged particles with a pseudorapidity difference of 1.4<|Δη|<1.8 and a transverse momentum of 1

13.
Trials ; 25(1): 296, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal amount and timing of protein intake in critically ill patients are unknown. REPLENISH (Replacing Protein via Enteral Nutrition in a Stepwise Approach in Critically Ill Patients) trial evaluates whether supplemental enteral protein added to standard enteral nutrition to achieve a high amount of enteral protein given from ICU day five until ICU discharge or ICU day 90 as compared to no supplemental enteral protein to achieve a moderate amount of enteral protein would reduce all-cause 90-day mortality in adult critically ill mechanically ventilated patients. METHODS: In this multicenter randomized trial, critically ill patients will be randomized to receive supplemental enteral protein (1.2 g/kg/day) added to standard enteral nutrition to achieve a high amount of enteral protein (range of 2-2.4 g/kg/day) or no supplemental enteral protein to achieve a moderate amount of enteral protein (0.8-1.2 g/kg/day). The primary outcome is 90-day all-cause mortality; other outcomes include functional and health-related quality-of-life assessments at 90 days. The study sample size of 2502 patients will have 80% power to detect a 5% absolute risk reduction in 90-day mortality from 30 to 25%. Consistent with international guidelines, this statistical analysis plan specifies the methods for evaluating primary and secondary outcomes and subgroups. Applying this statistical analysis plan to the REPLENISH trial will facilitate unbiased analyses of clinical data. CONCLUSION: Ethics approval was obtained from the institutional review board, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (RC19/414/R). Approvals were also obtained from the institutional review boards of each participating institution. Our findings will be disseminated in an international peer-reviewed journal and presented at relevant conferences and meetings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04475666 . Registered on July 17, 2020.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Proteínas Alimentares , Nutrição Enteral , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Proteínas Alimentares/administração & dosagem , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Respiração Artificial , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(16): 162302, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701458

RESUMO

The first measurement of the cross section for incoherent photonuclear production of J/ψ vector mesons as a function of the Mandelstam |t| variable is presented. The measurement was carried out with the ALICE detector at midrapidity, |y|<0.8, using ultraperipheral collisions of Pb nuclei at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02 TeV. This rapidity interval corresponds to a Bjorken-x range (0.3-1.4)×10^{-3}. Cross sections are given in five |t| intervals in the range 0.04<|t|<1 GeV^{2} and compared to the predictions by different models. Models that ignore quantum fluctuations of the gluon density in the colliding hadron predict a |t| dependence of the cross section much steeper than in data. The inclusion of such fluctuations in the same models provides a better description of the data.

15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11535, 2024 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773159

RESUMO

In this study, a novel method for the fabrication of hesperidin/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite (RGOH) with the assistance of gamma rays is reported. The different RGOHs were obtained by varying hesperidin concentrations (25, 50, 100, and 200 wt.%) in graphene oxide (GO) solution. Hesperidin concentrations (25, 50, 100, and 200 wt.%) in graphene oxide (GO) were varied to produce the various RGOHs. Upon irradiation with 80 kGy from γ-Ray, the successful reduction of GO occurred in the presence of hesperidin. The reduction process was confirmed by different characterization techniques such as FTIR, XRD, HRTEM, and Raman Spectroscopy. A cytotoxicity study using the MTT method was performed to evaluate the cytotoxic-anticancer effects of arbitrary RGOH on Wi38, CaCo2, and HepG2 cell lines. The assessment of RGOH's anti-inflammatory activity, including the monitoring of IL-1B and IL-6 activities as well as NF-kB gene expression was done. In addition, the anti-invasive and antimetastatic properties of RGOH, ICAM, and VCAM were assessed. Additionally, the expression of the MMP2-9 gene was quantified. The assessment of apoptotic activity was conducted by the detection of gene expressions related to BCl2 and P53. The documentation of the JNK/SMAD4/MMP2 signaling pathway was ultimately accomplished. The findings of our study indicate that RGOH therapy has significant inhibitory effects on the JNK/SMAD4/MMP2 pathway. This suggests that it could be a potential therapeutic option for cancer.


Assuntos
Raios gama , Grafite , Hesperidina , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Nanocompostos , Proteína Smad4 , Humanos , Grafite/química , Grafite/farmacologia , Nanocompostos/química , Hesperidina/farmacologia , Hesperidina/química , Proteína Smad4/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Química Verde/métodos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células CACO-2 , Células Hep G2 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , MAP Quinase Quinase 4/metabolismo
16.
Cureus ; 16(3): e55870, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595876

RESUMO

Background and objective Kidney stones, also referred to as nephrolithiasis or renal calculi, is a condition where crystal depositions are formed within the kidney and ideally excreted from the body via the urethra with no pain; however, larger calculi may cause significant pain and require further medical assistance. The vast majority of patients who develop renal calculi form calcium stones, which are either a composition of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate. Other types include uric acid, struvite, and cysteine. While kidney stones are one of the most significant diseases among the Saudi population, which require an acute emergency intervention to prevent serious long-term complications, there are limited studies published regarding this condition in Saudi communities. In light of this, we performed this study to assess the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors of kidney stones among the population of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between August and October 2023, aiming to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of nephrolithiasis among residents of the Riyadh province. Data were collected through an electronic questionnaire in both Arabic and English and distributed via social media in addition to barcode handouts in various selected venues in Riyadh. The questionnaire involved 12 questions categorized into three sections. The first section obtained demographical information while the second section collected data about the past medical history of the participants. Lastly, the third section aimed to assess the prevalence of nephrolithiasis among participants or any history of the condition among their families. Results A total of 1,043 participants were surveyed, of whom 533 were males (51.1%). The prevalence of kidney stones was reported in 98 individuals (9.4%) overall. Individuals in the age groups of 36-50, 51-60, and >60 years showed significantly more renal stone prevalence than those in younger age groups (p<0.001). The prevalence was found to be higher in participants who were smokers, diabetic, hypertensive, and those who suffered from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), gout, chronic kidney disease (CKD), hyperthyroidism, and hyperparathyroidism. Participants who took calcium supplements or had a positive family history of renal stones were found to have a higher prevalence of renal stones as well. However, only hypertension, gout, and family history showed any statistical significance (p<0.05). Conclusions A direct correlation was observed between hypertension, gout, positive family history, and aging and an increased prevalence of kidney stones among the inhabitants of the Riyadh province. Therefore, we encourage the local authorities to raise awareness of kidney stones and their related risk factors among the general public. Moreover, further local studies need to be conducted to gain deeper insights into kidney stone prevalence, especially pertaining to associated comorbidities and the pattern of the disease itself.

17.
Cureus ; 16(3): e57347, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559538

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the relative efficacy of periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (PAOO) compared to conventional fixed appliances in correcting lower anterior teeth crowding using a non-extraction treatment approach. Material and methods A single-center, two-arm, parallel-group randomized controlled trial was conducted on 38 patients (9 males, 29 females) with moderate crowding. These patients did not require premolar extraction and were randomly allocated into two treatment groups: the PAOO group and the conventional orthodontic treatment group. The Little Irregularity Index (LII) measured crowding intensity on pre-treatment study models. Changes in this index were recorded monthly in both treatment groups. The inter-canine width, inter-second-premolar width, plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and papillary bleeding index (PBI) were also measured before and after the leveling and alignment stage. Statistical analysis between the two groups was performed using Mann-Whitney U tests. Results For the LII, the average time for irregularity resolution was three months in the PAOO group, compared to five months in the conventional orthodontic treatment group. Regarding changes in inter-second-premolar width, the PAOO procedure led to a significant decrease in the increase of inter-second-premolar width, with an average increase of +1.52 mm compared to +2.71 mm in the control group. For the GI and PBI, it was found that their values significantly increased with PAOO application, averaging 0.18 and 0.17, respectively, compared to 0.05 and 0.07 in the control group. Conclusions The use of PAOO in orthodontic treatment accelerated the leveling and alignment process by 40%. Changes in the inter-canine width, the inter-second-premolar width, and the status of periodontal tissues were minimal and clinically negligible.

18.
Med Princ Pract ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569485

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The robotic platform compared to laparoscopy has proven to have similar postoperative outcomes, however its adoption in the Middle East has been slow and there is limited data regarding outcomes with its use in small newly established robotic colorectal programs. Our aim was to report our experience and outcomes of robotic colorectal surgery performed by fellowship-trained robotic colorectal surgeons and compare them to larger, more experienced centers. METHODS: This is retrospective review of data collected between November 2021 and March 2023 from a tertiary health care referral center. The series included 51 patients who had elective or urgent robotic colorectal surgery. Patients who had emergency surgery were excluded. The outcomes were overall morbidity, serious morbidity, mortality, conversion to open, length of hospital stay, and quality of oncological specimen. RESULTS: The overall morbidity was 31.4% (n = 16 patients). Only 9.8% (n = 5) had serious morbidity of which three required interventions under general anesthesia. The median length of hospital stay was 6 days (IQR = 4), and there was no mortality. Of 17 rectal cancer resections, 88% had complete mesorectal excision, 15 of them were R0 resections, median lymph node harvested was 14 (IQR = 7) and two cases were converted to open. All the colon cancer resections had R0 resection, median lymph nodes harvested was 21 (IQR = 4) and none were converted to open. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation and integration of robotic colorectal surgery at a newly established center in a small country, when led by fellowship trained robotic colorectal surgeons, is safe and effective in terms of morbidity, mortality, conversion to open and specimen pathological quality.

19.
Future Med Chem ; 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38661115

RESUMO

Aim: New quinazoline benzenesulfonamide hybrids 4a-n were synthesized to determine their cytotoxicity and effect on the miR-34a/MDM4/p53 apoptotic pathway. Materials & methods: Cytotoxicity against hepatic, breast, lung and colon cancer cell lines was estimated using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results: Compound 4d was the most potent against HepG2 and MCF-7 cancer cells, with potential apoptotic activity verified by a significant upregulation of miR-34a and p53 gene expressions. The apoptotic effect of 4d was further investigated and showed downregulation of miR-21, VEGF, STAT3 and MDM4 gene expression. Conclusion: The anticancer and apoptotic activities of 4d were enhanced post irradiation by a single dose of 8 Gy γ-radiation. Docking analysis demonstrated a valuable affinity of 4d toward VEGFR2 and MDM4 active sites.

20.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 250, 2024 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587660

RESUMO

Rapid technological advancements have created opportunities for new solutions in various industries, including healthcare. One exciting new direction in this field of innovation is the combination of skin-based technologies and augmented reality (AR). These dermatological devices allow for the continuous and non-invasive measurement of vital signs and biomarkers, enabling the real-time diagnosis of anomalies, which have applications in telemedicine, oncology, dermatology, and early diagnostics. Despite its many potential benefits, there is a substantial information vacuum regarding using flexible photonics in conjunction with augmented reality for medical purposes. This review explores the current state of dermal augmented reality and flexible optics in skin-conforming sensing platforms by examining the obstacles faced thus far, including technical hurdles, demanding clinical validation standards, and problems with user acceptance. Our main areas of interest are skills, chiroptical properties, and health platform applications, such as optogenetic pixels, spectroscopic imagers, and optical biosensors. My skin-enhanced spherical dichroism and powerful spherically polarized light enable thorough physical inspection with these augmented reality devices: diabetic tracking, skin cancer diagnosis, and cardiovascular illness: preventative medicine, namely blood pressure screening. We demonstrate how to accomplish early prevention using case studies and emergency detection. Finally, it addresses real-world obstacles that hinder fully realizing these materials' extraordinary potential in advancing proactive and preventative personalized medicine, including technical constraints, clinical validation gaps, and barriers to widespread adoption.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Pele , Medicina de Precisão , Eletrônica , Atenção à Saúde
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