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1.
Mymensingh Med J ; 33(2): 426-432, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557521

RESUMO

Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common gastrointestinal problem in the world. The Rome III consensus subdivided functional dyspepsia into two groups: meal-related postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and meal-unrelated epigastric pain syndrome (EPS). Limited data are available regarding FD in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of FD and its sub-types. This cross-sectional study was conducted in which we recruited patients who attended the outpatient department of Gastroenterology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Bangladesh from March 2017 to February 2018. Patients fulfilling Rome III FD criteria and a negative upper GIT endoscopy were included for this study. The patients were then subdivided into 'pure' PDS (i.e. meeting criteria for PDS without EPS symptoms), 'pure' EPS (i.e., meeting criteria for EPS without PDS symptoms), and overlapping PDS-EPS (i.e., symptoms of both PDS and EPS) groups. Total of 368 FD patients (56.0% females, mean age 32.8±8.6 years, BMI: 22.0±2.7), were included in this study. Out of them, 112(30.4%) patients (57.2% females, mean age 33.9±9.3 years, BMI: 22.0±2.7) fulfilled criteria of pure EPS and 64(17.4%) patients (68.8% females, mean age 33.2±7.8 years, BMI: 22.1±2.4) fulfilled criteria of pure PDS. However, the majority of patients [192(52.2%), 52.1% females, mean age 32.0±8.4 years, BMI: 21.9±2.8] had symptoms of overlapping EPS-PDS. More than 40% of patients in our study presented with 3 or more of the four key symptoms of FD. A longer duration of presenting symptoms was seen among patients with overlapping EPS-PDS in comparison to pure EPS and pure PDS (p<0.001). A significant overlap of symptoms of both EPS and PDS was noticed among patients with FD. The value of dividing functional dyspepsia into the subgroups of PDS and EPS is thus questionable. Further research and modification of the diagnostic criteria for FD subtypes are necessary.


Assuntos
Dispepsia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Dispepsia/diagnóstico , Dispepsia/epidemiologia , Dor Abdominal/epidemiologia , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Estudos Transversais , Demografia
2.
ERJ Open Res ; 10(2)2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38444659

RESUMO

Introduction: Nearly all patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) report ear-nose-throat (ENT) symptoms. However, scarce evidence exists about how ENT symptoms relate to pulmonary disease in PCD. We explored possible associations between upper and lower respiratory disease among patients with PCD in a multicentre study. Methods: We included patients from the ENT Prospective International Cohort (EPIC-PCD). We studied associations of several reported ENT symptoms and chronic rhinosinusitis (defined using patient-reported information and examination findings) with reported sputum production and shortness of breath, using ordinal logistic regression. In a subgroup with available lung function results, we used linear regression to study associations of chronic rhinosinusitis and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) accounting for relevant factors. Results: We included 457 patients (median age 15 years, interquartile range 10-24 years; 54% males). Shortness of breath associated with reported nasal symptoms and ear pain of any frequency, often or daily hearing problems, headache when bending down (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.29-3.54) and chronic rhinosinusitis (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.57-3.38) regardless of polyp presence. Sputum production associated with daily reported nasal (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.20-4.09) and hearing (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.10-3.64) problems and chronic rhinosinusitis (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.48-3.07). We did not find any association between chronic rhinosinusitis and FEV1. Conclusion: Reported upper airway symptoms and signs of chronic rhinosinusitis associated with reported pulmonary symptoms, but not with lung function. Our results emphasise the assessment and management of upper and lower respiratory disease as a common, interdependent entity among patients with PCD.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469632

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an idiopathic inflammatory disease of the large intestine, which impacts millions worldwide. Current interventions aimed at treating UC symptoms can have off-target effects, invoking the need for alternatives that may provide similar benefits with less unintended consequences. This study builds on our initial data, which showed that panaxynol - a novel, potent, bioavailable compound found in American ginseng - can suppress disease severity in murine colitis. Here we explore the underlying mechanisms by which panaxynol improves both chronic and acute murine colitis. 14-week-old C57BL/6 female mice were either given 3 rounds of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water to induce chronic colitis or 1 round to induce acute colitis. Vehicle or panaxynol (2.5 mg/kg) was administered via oral gavage 3x/week for the study duration. Consistent with our previous findings, panaxynol significantly (p<0.05) improved the disease activity index and endoscopic scores in both models. Using the acute model to examine potential mechanisms, we show that panaxynol significantly (p<0.05) reduced DSS-induced crypt distortion, goblet cell loss, and mucus loss in the colon. 16s sequencing revealed panaxynol altered microbial composition to suppress colitis-enriched genera (i.e., Enterococcus, Eubacterium, and Ruminococcus). Additionally, panaxynol significantly (p<0.05) suppressed macrophages and induced regulatory T-cells in the colonic lamina propria. The beneficial effects of panaxynol on mucosal and crypt architecture, combined with its microbial and immune-mediated effects, provide insight into mechanisms by which panaxynol suppresses murine colitis. Overall, this data is promising for the use of panaxynol to improve colitis in the clinic.

4.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(4)2024 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38399925

RESUMO

BISCO plaster (BRP) is an environmentally friendly material with high mechanical properties and is considered a great elective to conventional materials such as gypsum and cement. Our investigation seeks to examine BISCO plaster (BRP) and a mixture of resin and hardener in three proportions (30%, 45%, and 60%) to achieve our ultimate goal, which is to preserve the environment and achieve the vision of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2030 to reach zero carbon emissions by 2060? Emissions tests were performed, and although the CO2 level was zero, they emitted SO2 sulfur dioxide and NO2 nitrogen dioxide, and 60% was the lowest emission rate. We also used ANSYS 2023 R1 software to compare them with their mechanical properties resulting from tensile and compression testing. In this study, we looked closely at the mechanical characteristics of different materials designed for wall coverings, with particular emphasis on their environmental sustainability. We carried out experiments to gauge the tensile and compressive stress on samples with varying mixing ratios. Our main objective was on crucial mechanical properties such as the modulus of elasticity, ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, yield strain, modulus of resilience, and ductility. Through meticulous scrutiny, we determined that the amalgamation of these mechanical attributes at the 30% mixing ratio provides an optimal combination for attaining structural integrity, adaptability, and resilience in wall coverings. Significantly, this ratio also underscores a commitment to environmentally conscious material selection. Our study offers important new insights into the selection of wall covering materials by providing a detailed understanding of their mechanical behavior under various stress conditions. It aligns with the increasing significance of environmental responsibility in contemporary design and construction. By emphasizing the 30% mixing ratio, our findings establish a foundation for informed decision making, promoting the utilization of sustainable materials that achieve a balance between strength, flexibility, and longevity. This ensures optimal performance in practical applications while simultaneously minimizing the environmental impact.

5.
Cureus ; 16(1): e52970, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38406149

RESUMO

Primary Ewing sarcoma of the kidney (ESK) is a rare and aggressive entity, with a poor prognosis. It often presents as metastatic disease with the lungs being the most common site. In adults, the occurrence of these tumors is uncommon, with patients exhibiting non-specific symptoms such as weight loss, flank pain, hematuria, and an abdominal mass. The combination of these vague clinical symptoms and the rarity of these tumors often results in a delayed diagnosis, leading to poorer outcomes for these patients. We present a case of a 38-year-old female with metastatic ESK. The patient initially presented with abdominal pain, vomiting, and a four-day history of constipation. The diagnosis was confirmed through computed tomography scans, ultrasound-guided biopsy of the lesion, and fluorescence in situ hybridization that revealed translocation of the EWS gene on chromosome 22q12. She was managed with chemotherapy regimens and palliative care; however, the disease progressed and she passed away six months after her initial diagnosis.

7.
J Org Chem ; 89(6): 3781-3799, 2024 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408196

RESUMO

An efficient synthesis of 3-amino-2-formyl-functionalized benzothiophenes by a domino reaction protocol and their use to synthesize a library of novel scaffolds have been reported. Reactions of ketones and 1,3-diones with these amino aldehyde derivatives formed a series of benzothieno[3,2-b]pyridine and 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzothiopheno[3,2-b]quinolin-1-one, respectively. A plausible mechanism for the formation of fused pyridine derivatives by the Friedlander reaction has been elucidated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Furthermore, hydrazones were obtained by reacting the aldehyde functional group of benzothiophenes with different hydrazine derivatives. Preliminary screening of these compounds against several bacterial strains and cancer cell lines led to the discovery of several hit molecules. Hydrazone and benzothieno[3,2-b]pyridine derivatives are potent cytotoxic and antibacterial agents, respectively. One of the potent compounds effected ∼97% growth inhibition of the LOX IMVI cell line at 10 µM concentration.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Antineoplásicos , Antibacterianos/química , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Tiofenos/química , Linhagem Celular , Antineoplásicos/química , Piridinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352330

RESUMO

Background: Primary immunodeficiencies are heritable defects in immune system function. Antibody deficiency is the most common form of primary immunodeficiency in humans, can be caused by abnormalities in both the development and activation of B cells, and may result from B-cell-intrinsic defects or defective responses by other cells relevant to humoral immunity. Inflammatory gastrointestinal complications are commonly observed in antibody-deficient patients, but the underlying immune mechanisms driving this are largely undefined. Methods: In this study, several mouse strains reflecting a spectrum of primary antibody deficiency (IgA -/- , Aicda -/- , CD19 -/- and J H -/- ) were used to generate a functional small-bowel-specific cellular atlas using a novel high-parameter flow cytometry approach that allows for the enumeration of 59 unique cell subsets. Using this cellular atlas, we generated a direct and quantifiable estimate of immune dysregulation. This estimate was then used to identify specific immune factors most predictive of the severity of inflammatory disease of the small bowel (small bowel enteropathy). Results: Results from our experiments indicate that the severity of primary antibody deficiency positively correlates with the degree of immune dysregulation that can be expected to develop in an individual. In the SI of mice, immune dysregulation is primarily explained by defective homeostatic responses in T cell and invariant natural killer-like T (iNKT) cell subsets. These defects are strongly correlated with abnormalities in the balance between protein (MHCII-mediated) versus lipid (CD1d-mediated) antigen presentation by intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and intestinal stem cells (ISCs), respectively. Conclusions: Multivariate statistical approaches can be used to obtain quantifiable estimates of immune dysregulation based on high-parameter flow cytometry readouts of immune function. Using one such estimate, we reveal a previously unrecognized tradeoff between iNKT cell activation and type 1 immunity that underlies disease in the small bowel. The balance between protein/lipid antigen presentation by ISCs may play a crucial role in regulating this balance and thereby suppressing inflammatory disease in the small bowel.

9.
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol ; 326(2): C606-C621, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38189130

RESUMO

Immune cell-driven pathways are linked to cancer cachexia. Tumor presence is associated with immune cell infiltration whereas cytotoxic chemotherapies reduce immune cell counts. Despite these paradoxical effects, both cancer and chemotherapy can cause cachexia; however, our understanding of immune responses in the cachexia condition with cancer and chemotherapy is largely unknown. We sought to advance our understanding of the immunology underlying cancer and cancer with chemotherapy-induced cachexia. CD2F1 mice were given 106 C26 cells, followed by five doses of 5-fluorouracil (5FU; 30 mg/kg LM, ip) or PBS. Indices of cachexia and tumor (TUM), skeletal muscle (SKM), and adipose tissue (AT) immune cell populations were examined using high-parameter flow cytometry. Although 5FU was able to stunt tumor growth, % body weight loss and muscle mass were not different between C26 and C26 + 5FU. C26 increased CD11b+Ly6g+ and CD11b+Ly6cInt inflammatory myeloid cells in SKM and AT; however, both populations were reduced with C26 + 5FU. tSNE analysis revealed 24 SKM macrophage subsets wherein 8 were changed with C26 or C26 + 5FU. C26 + 5FU increased SKM CD11b-CD11c+ dendritic cells, CD11b-NK1.1+ NK-cells, and CD11b-B220+ B-cells, and reduced Ly6cHiCX3CR1+CD206+CD163IntCD11c-MHCII- infiltrated macrophages and other CD11b+Ly6cHi myeloid cells compared with C26. Both C26 and C26 + 5FU had elevated CD11b+F480+CD206+MHCII- or more specifically Ly6cLoCX3CR1+CD206+CD163IntCD11c-MHCII- profibrotic macrophages. 5FU suppressed tumor growth and decreased SKM and AT inflammatory immune cells without protecting against cachexia suggesting that these cells are not required for wasting. However, profibrotic cells and muscle inflammatory/atrophic signaling appear consistent with cancer- and cancer with chemotherapy-induced wasting and remain potential therapeutic targets.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Despite being an immune-driven condition, our understanding of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue immune cells with cachexia is limited. Here, we identified immune cell populations in tumors, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue in C26 tumor-bearing mice with/without 5-fluorouracil (5FU). C26 and C26 + 5FU had increased skeletal muscle profibrotic macrophages, but 5FU reduced inflammatory myeloid cells without sparing mass. Tumor presence and chemotherapy have contrasting effects on certain immune cells, which appeared not necessary for wasting.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Fluoruracila , Camundongos , Animais , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Caquexia/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(45): e35925, 2023 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37960760

RESUMO

With coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic restrictions and lockdown, children and adolescents have experienced emotional and physical isolation from family and community members. This isolation has a negative impact on children's and adolescents' mental health, physical health, and behavior. An online cross-sectional study of children and adolescents aged 5 to 11 years was conducted to assess the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on their behavior, emotions, and sleep routines. A total of 413 participants, with a mean age of seven (217 boys and 195 girls), were included in the study. Most of the children were in primary school and lived with both parents. Boys and older children were found to have been fatigued during the pandemic. A significant association was found between the participants' age and regression, opposition, and adaptation behaviors. A significant increase in screen usage and decrease in children's physical activity after the outbreak were noted. The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected children's and adolescents' psychosocial, behavioral, and physical habits. Government programs to support the mental and psychological well-being of children and adolescents should be encouraged. Social communication, physical activity, and collaborative games are also important factors.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Barein , Estudos Transversais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Surtos de Doenças
12.
Cureus ; 15(10): e47645, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38022329

RESUMO

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a non-atherosclerotic separation of the coronary artery wall with subsequent intramural hematoma (IMH) formation in the false lumen. It can be associated with or without an intimal tear. It is clinically divided into three types based on its angiographic appearance. Most SCAD cases are seen in young or middle-aged women, especially in a peripartum state. Additionally, SCAD patients usually have fewer cardiovascular risk factors and more commonly have predisposing conditions like fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). Patients present with features of chest pain that radiates to the left arm or neck, shortness of breath (SOB), as well as nausea and vomiting. Coronary angiography is the most widely used first-line modality to diagnose this condition. Management is usually conservative; however, invasive procedures can be utilized for high-risk patients. We present a case of a 54-year-old woman with SCAD diagnosed using coronary angiography and treated conservatively with dual-antiplatelet therapy, culminating with resolution.

13.
Cureus ; 15(9): e45557, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37868583

RESUMO

Calciphylaxis, or calcific uremic arteriolopathy, is a rare and deadly disease that affects patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It typically manifests in the abdomen and lower extremities. We present a case of a 59-year-old female patient on dialysis due to ESRD who complained of a three-week history of hemorrhagic and painful bilateral lower limb lesions. The predominant clinical suspicion was warfarin-induced skin necrosis (WISN); however, the persistence of unresolved skin lesions post-warfarin cessation generated the impression of calciphylaxis. A skin biopsy confirmed the classical histological findings associated with calciphylaxis. This paper highlights the possible importance of warfarin being an inciting event, as well as the early differentiation between the presentations of WISN and calciphylaxis.

14.
J R Soc Interface ; 20(206): 20230281, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37727072

RESUMO

Type-B aortic dissection is a cardiovascular disease in which a tear develops in the intimal layer of the descending aorta, allowing pressurized blood to delaminate the layers of the vessel wall. In medically managed patients, long-term aneurysmal dilatation of the false lumen (FL) is considered virtually inevitable and is associated with poorer disease outcomes. While the pathophysiological mechanisms driving FL dilatation are not yet understood, haemodynamic factors are believed to play a key role. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and 4D-flow MRI (4DMR) analyses have revealed correlations between flow helicity, oscillatory wall shear stress and aneurysmal dilatation of the FL. In this study, we compare CFD simulations using a patient-specific, three-dimensional, three-component inlet velocity profile (4D IVP) extracted from 4DMR data against simulations with flow rate-matched uniform and axial velocity profiles that remain widely used in the absence of 4DMR. We also evaluate the influence of measurement errors in 4DMR data by scaling the 4D IVP to the degree of imaging error detected in prior studies. We observe that oscillatory shear and helicity are highly sensitive to inlet velocity distribution and flow volume throughout the FL and conclude that the choice of IVP may greatly affect the future clinical value of simulations.


Assuntos
Dissecção Aórtica , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Baías , Dissecção Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Hidrodinâmica
15.
Cureus ; 15(7): e41720, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37575761

RESUMO

Bile acid synthesis disorders (BASD) are a group of rare autosomal recessive disorders. Of the nine different versions, BASD type 4 is characterized by a gene mutation in alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR), which is located on chromosome 5p13. These disorders generally present with a normal gamma-glutamyl transferase with cholestasis, absence of pruritis, and malabsorption of fat, which can lead to fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies. In adulthood, patients usually develop neurological sequelae. Initial testing can be done through the measurement of urine metabolites; however, confirmation of the diagnosis is achieved through whole exome sequencing. Treatment involves supplementation of oral cholic acid and modification of diet. Only 23 patients with this disease have been described. Here, we report two cases of siblings from a family in Bahrain with a novel AMACR mutation and a unique association with autoimmune antibodies alongside a literature review.

16.
Inflammopharmacology ; 31(6): 3115-3125, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37543980

RESUMO

Because of evident role of renin-angiotensin system in the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis, the current study's objective was to assess the anti-arthritic efficacy of ramipril through CFA-instigated arthritic model. The drug has been shown to have anti-inflammatory potential. CFA-instigated arthritic model assessed the anti-arthritic efficacy of ramipril by estimating different parameters, including paw volume, arthritic index scoring, haematological and biochemical attributes, histological and radiographic analyses, and various cytokines level. Ramipril significantly (p < 0.001) reduced paw volume and the arthritic index especially at the dose of 4mg/kg. The biochemical and haematological changes were likewise restored to normal by ramipril administration with an increase in anti-inflammatory cytokines while reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines level. Ramipril's ability to prevent arthritis by preserving the normal architecture of arthritis-induced joints is further supported by radiographic and histological investigation. The study's findings demonstrated ramipril's considerable anti-arthritic activity. To identify the precise mechanism of action, however, thorough mechanistic studies are still needed.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Ramipril , Ratos , Animais , Adjuvante de Freund , Ramipril/efeitos adversos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Citocinas
17.
South Med J ; 116(5): 420-426, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37137478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Preoperative transthoracic echocardiograms (TTE) before hip fracture repairs are controversial. This study aimed to quantify the frequency of ordering TTE, the appropriateness of testing based on current guidelines, and the impact of TTE on in-hospital morbidity and mortality outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective chart review of adult patients admitted with hip fracture compared the length of stay (LOS), time to surgery, in-hospital mortality, and postoperative complications between TTE and non-TTE groups. TTE patients were risk stratified using the Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) to compare TTE indication according to current guidelines. RESULTS: Of the 490 patients included in this study, 15% received preoperative TTE. The median LOS of the TTE and non-TTE groups was 7.0 and 5.0 d, respectively, whereas the median time to surgery was 34 and 14 h, respectively. The odds of in-hospital mortality remained significantly higher in the TTE group after adjusting for RCRI but not when adjusted for the Charlson Comorbidity Index. Significantly more patients in the TTE groups had postoperative heart failure and up triage in the intensive care unit. Furthermore, 48% of patients with an RCRI score of 0 received preoperative TTE, with cardiac history as the most typical indication. TTE changed perioperative management in 9% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients subjected to TTE before hip fracture surgery had a longer LOS and time to surgery, with higher mortality and intensive care unit up triage rates. TTE evaluations were typically conducted for inappropriate indications, which rarely made meaningful changes to patient management.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Tempo de Internação , Hospitais , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
18.
Life Sci ; 324: 121742, 2023 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37146938

RESUMO

Enalapril with documented anti-inflammatory potential was evaluated in current investigation to explore its anti-arthritic efficacy. For anti-arthritic evaluation of enalapril, CFA-instigated arthritic model was employed after which various parameters comprising paw volume, body weight, arthritic index, hematological and biochemical parameters, radiographic analysis and level of various cytokines were estimated. Enalapril demonstrated significant (p˂0.001) anti-arthritic activity by suppressing paw volume, arthritic index while preserved CFA instigated weight loss. Likewise, enalapril also normalized the hematological and biochemical alterations, suppressed the level of proinflammatory cytokines with elevation of anti-inflammatory cytokines. Radiographic and histopathological analysis also further validates the anti-arthritic attribute of enalapril where enalapril preserved the normal architecture of arthritis induced joints. Outcomes of the study pointed out a notable anti-arthritic activity of enalapril. However detailed mechanistic studies are still required to point out the exact mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Citocinas , Animais , Humanos , Citocinas/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Enalapril/farmacologia , Enalapril/uso terapêutico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos
19.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 149(7): 587-596, 2023 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37166807

RESUMO

Importance: Otologic disease is common among people with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), yet little is known about its spectrum and severity. Objective: To characterize otologic disease among participants with PCD using data from the Ear-Nose-Throat Prospective International Cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional analysis of baseline cohort data from February 2020 through July 2022 included participants from 12 specialized centers in 10 countries. Children and adults with PCD diagnoses; routine ear, nose, and throat examinations; and completed symptom questionnaires at the same visit or within 2 weeks were prospectively included. Exposures: Potential risk factors associated with increased risk of ear disease. Main Outcomes and Measures: The prevalence and characteristics of patient-reported otologic symptoms and findings from otologic examinations, including potential factors associated with increased risk of ear inflammation and hearing impairment. Results: A total of 397 individuals were eligible to participate in this study (median [range] age, 15.2 [0.2-72.4] years; 186 (47%) female). Of the included participants, 204 (51%) reported ear pain, 110 (28%) reported ear discharge, and 183 (46%) reported hearing problems. Adults reported ear pain and hearing problems more frequently when compared with children. Otitis media with effusion-usually bilateral-was the most common otoscopic finding among 121 of 384 (32%) participants. Retracted tympanic membrane and tympanic sclerosis were more commonly seen among adults. Tympanometry was performed for 216 participants and showed pathologic type B results for 114 (53%). Audiometry was performed for 273 participants and showed hearing impairment in at least 1 ear, most commonly mild. Season of visit was the strongest risk factor for problems associated with ear inflammation (autumn vs spring: odds ratio, 2.40; 95% CI, 1.51-3.81) and age 30 years and older for hearing impairment (41-50 years vs ≤10 years: odds ratio, 3.33; 95% CI, 1.12-9.91). Conclusion and Relevance: In this cross-sectional study, many people with PCD experienced ear problems, yet frequency varied, highlighting disease expression differences and possible clinical phenotypes. Understanding differences in otologic disease expression and progression during lifetime may inform clinical decisions about follow-up and medical care. Multidisciplinary PCD management should be recommended, including regular otologic assessments for all ages, even without specific complaints.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Motilidade Ciliar , Perda Auditiva , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Perda Auditiva/etiologia , Transtornos da Motilidade Ciliar/complicações , Dor
20.
Polymers (Basel) ; 15(9)2023 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37177250

RESUMO

Studies have shown that the proper selection of core materials in sandwich structures improves the overall structural performance in terms of bending stiffness and strength. The core materials used in such systems, such as foam, corrugated, and honeycomb, are frequently applied in aerospace engineering. However, they are a costly option for civil engineering applications. This paper investigates the bending performance of the proposed GFRP softwood sandwich beams assembled using pultruded GFRP with adhesive connection methods for potential applications in prefabricated building construction. The ultimate load capacity, load-deflection responses, failure modes, bending stiffness, load-axial-strain behaviour, and degree of composite action were experimentally evaluated. The effects of varying shear-span-to-depth ratios a/d between 2 and 6.5, as well as different timber fibre directions of the softwood core, on the overall structural performance were clarified. The results showed that changing the timber fibres' orientation from vertical to longitudinal shifted the failure mode from a brittle to progressive process. Moreover, the adhesive bonding was able to provide full composite action until the failure occurred. Finally, numerical modelling was developed to understand failure loads, deformation, failure modes, and strain responses, and to evaluate bending stiffness and composite action. The results showed satisfactory agreement with the experiments.

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