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1.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 11(9): e5233, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38152705

RESUMO

In our proposed device, we converted a large suction tube into a small tube with reduced suction velocity. This can aid in microsurgical procedures in which meticulous suctioning while minimizing trauma to the surrounding structures is essential. This device can relieve the surgeon from having to be cautious about injuring any anastomoses or neurovascular structures while suctioning.

2.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 11(8): e5222, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37650095

RESUMO

Lipoatrophy and lipodystrophy can often be used interchangeably in the literature. However, there are some key differences. Inflammation plays a preliminary role in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) loss in lipoatrophy, whereas lipodystrophy does not. There are acquired causes of SAT loss such as injurious stimuli (ie, drug injections), panniculitis, or even microtrauma. Moreover, there are congenital causes such as familial partial lipodystrophy, which follows a more localized pathology, and congenital generalized lipodystrophy, which follow a diffuse spread of SAT loss. These etiologies are further subdivided based on the mutations and clinical presentations. We present a case of a 12-year-old girl with unilateral left lower limb SAT loss since birth, without any signs of inflammation. Therefore, a diagnosis of familial partial lipodystrophy was suspected. However, genetic testing appeared unremarkable. The patient is set for conservative therapy until late adolescence for possible fat grafting.

3.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 11(4): e4934, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37073254

RESUMO

Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma is an ultra-rare tumor type with a prevalence of fewer than two per 100,000 people. The tumor poses a challenge because it can be misdiagnosed as a benign lesion in clinical and radiological investigations, causing serious morbidity in patients. We present the case of a 33-year-old patient who presented with painless hand swelling that was misdiagnosed as lymphaticovenous malformation based on magnetic resonance imaging. The patient underwent surgical excision, and myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma was diagnosed postoperatively. All surgical interventions failed to achieve negative margin. A decision to start radiotherapy was made, and tissue convergence was done temporally using acellular dermal matrix and split-thickness skin graft. On patient follow-up, the graft had taken well, and the patient was undergoing radiotherapy sessions with a plan for permanent hand reconstruction after negative margins are achieved. Based on this case report, we identified that magnetic resonance imaging is not yet a reliable method to diagnose myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma. Therefore, implementing a multidisciplinary team approach, a preoperative core needle biopsy, planned surgical intervention, and early involvement of radiotherapy is recommended to minimize morbidity. We strongly urge establishing a sarcoma specialized treatment center in the region to limit patient morbidity.

4.
J Burn Care Res ; 44(4): 817-822, 2023 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358301

RESUMO

Burn injuries comprise the most common accidents worldwide. The delivery of burn care has been adversely affected by the absence of effective burn management and aesthetic services. This study attempts to address the attitude of Saudi residents of plastic surgery toward obtaining a burn fellowship and to examine the factors that might influence their decisions in this regard. An online survey was sent to 39 plastic surgery residents in Saudi Arabia including levels from PGY 1 to 6 in the academic year of 2019. The questionnaire was used to demonstrate interest, knowledge, and major factors influencing or discouraging residents from choosing Burn as a subspecialty in their future career. Residents responded to knowledge questions on a scale of 3 (below average/average/above average). The response rate was 84%. Thirty-three residents completed the questionnaire. The age group was between 30 and 34 years. Only 27% of the respondents expressing interest in burn practice. The main factors that make the plastic surgery resident avoid pursuing burn fellowship were multiple operations sessions, lifestyle, financial outcome, and emotional aspects. On the other hand, the paucity of burn surgeons and being involved in the humanitarian mission were attracting factors. Most of the residents believe that burn must be obligatory and continue to be part of all plastic surgery training programs (100%). In Saudi Arabia, the relative paucity of specialist mentors on plastic surgery programs may limit residents' exposure to subspecialties such as burn during plastic surgery rotational experiences. The findings from this survey may help plastic surgery program directors or burn surgeons, in particular, to find out strategies to attract future trainees.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Internato e Residência , Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos , Adulto , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Arábia Saudita , Escolha da Profissão , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 10(11): e4648, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438472

RESUMO

Self-inflicted hand injuries have been described in the literature with varying nomenclature (factitious, malingering, and self-induced hand injuries). Identifying and treating these patients is complex and requires a multidisciplinary team approach at a high cost. There is a lack of literature that describes the different patterns and characteristics of hand injuries among military personnel, especially in Saudi Arabia. We conducted a chart review study involving military personnel who attended the emergency department with hand injuries in Saudi Arabia to fill this gap. Methods: This retrospective chart review study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Our inclusion criteria included military personnel patients who presented to the emergency department with intentional self-inflicted hand-related injuries between 2016 and 2018. Results: A total of 274 cases were included; 241 (88%) were men. Injuries to the left hand (52.2%) were more common than injuries to the right hand. The most common injury site involved the little finger (45.6%). The majority were followed up (97.8%), and 28.8% of cases had a complication. The majority of fractures were managed with open reduction and internal fixation (63.9%). Moreover, the mean sick leave duration was 23 days. Conclusions: Self-inflicted injuries can be challenging to diagnose when patients are manipulative about the cause and mechanism. Most self-inflicted injuries involved the left little finger, and most were treated with open reduction and internal fixation. A self-inflicted injury is possible in the context of an unusual injury with a vague medical history.

6.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 10(10): e4621, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36312904

RESUMO

Doctors and postgraduate students, especially those in the surgical field, face a highly stressful environment and are exposed to various emotions that have been studied, but the concept of shame-based learning (SBL) is still undergoing investigation, especially in the field of plastic surgery. SBL is a teaching method in which an instructor instills a sense of shame in the student, which may cause depression, anxiety, aggression, and poor job performance, leading to burnout, mental health illness, substance abuse, and suicide. Methods: From March to May 2022, two cross-sectional electronic surveys were conducted for residents and consultants in Saudi Arabia, respectively, which used a validated questionnaire to assess SBL. Results: Among the 70 responses received (29 residents and 41 consultants), 75.9% of the residents and 80.5% of the consultants were shamed. For residents, a wrong answer was the most common trigger for shame (44.8%), and the operating room was the most common place for it (51.7%). Losing self-confidence was the most common result of shaming (37.9%) and (41.4%) dealt with it by keeping it to themselves. Although 27.6% of residents stated that they had no negative effect, 20.7% stated that they were motivated. There are consultants who practice shaming directly or indirectly (65.9%), while some agreed that it is not necessary (80.5%). Conclusions: Although both groups agreed that SBL is unnecessary for the field and will not be practiced in the future, most residents and consultants experienced shame. The negative impact of SBL has several effects on the trainer, the teaching environment, and patient care.

7.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 9(6): e3609, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34123685

RESUMO

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare lesions formed by direct connection of arteries and veins bypassing capillary beds. AVM locations can vary; however, extracranial AVMs remain the least common. The vast majority of these malformations are congenital and can be triggered by hormonal changes. A 49-year-old woman presented with a progressive right-sided upper eyelid swelling over the past 12 years. The patient had mechanical ptosis and mild impairment of the right visual field. The swelling was compressible with a thrill, and bruits were heard. The patient was diagnosed with AVM using cerebral angiography. Preoperative endovascular embolization was not possible; however, surgical excision was successfully done with no complications. AVMs and fistulas are high-flow vascular lesions that usually occur during childhood and progress with time. Only a few cases of face and eyelid AVMs have been reported in the literature. Diagnosis of these anomalies is mostly made based on clinical presentation and radiographic imaging such as angiography. Treatment options remain controversial, and management should be individualized for each patient. Endovascular embolization followed by surgical excision is advisable in many cases. Due to its rare entity, information regarding the best management options for AVMs is limited. Reducing the risk of bleeding and achieving total resection is the goal of treatment. Long-term follow-up is required in these patients because recurrent cases of AVMs have been reported.

8.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 10(2): 652-656, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34041056

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Umbrella shaped Perforated Screws (UPS) were developed for the use of orthopedic surgery to facilitate anchoring and fixation of the tissue to bone. We here present a retrospective study of Temporomandibular joint Internal derangement (ID) with fixation using this type of screws. MATERIALS & METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study including patients treated for ID using UPS to reposition the articular disc. The study included patients treated between 1998 and 2005. Patients were selected in concordance with clinical symptoms and signs of severity. All patients had an MRI (open/closed mouth) to confirm the diagnosis. Wilkes classification of temporomandibular disease (TMD) was adopted in the selection criteria. RESULTS: Hundred and five patients were included, 92 female and 13 males with average age of 37.56. Dentists or general physicians mainly addressed these patients to our unit. The mean time from symptoms initiating to first consultation was 3.77 years, while the mean timing of surgery after initial consultation was 9.38 months. Patients have presented with various symptoms before the surgery including pain, limitation in eating habits and clicking. 77% of the patients had no or minimal pain post surgery. Hundred and one patients had good eating habits after surgery. Only 34 patients had persistent clicking despite surgery. We had neither infection nor hematoma as complication. Major complication to this technique is frontal paresis (14 patients), which was explained to all patients preoperatively. This paresis recovered in less than 2 months in all patients. We had 89.5% of the patients satisfied with their results. CONCLUSION: UPS are useful in the field of plastic surgery. This novel technique has the advantage of not compromising the vascular supply of the TMJ articular surface. This technique provides a simple, fast and efficient technique for posterior aponeurosis flap fixation. Our overall satisfactory rate was comparable to other studies.

9.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 9(3): e3474, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777598

RESUMO

Hand reconstruction using pedicled abdominal flaps has several disadvantages, including delayed hand therapy leading to stiffness. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 70 cases of pedicled abdominal flaps used for hand reconstruction in adults in whom physiotherapy of the attached hand was implemented. The review aims to investigate the rate of flap dehiscence, infection, hematoma, and flap edge necrosis in our cases, and to establish that physiotherapy of the attached hand is not associated with an increased risk of complications. The review also aims to establish the effectiveness of physiotherapy of the attached hand in reducing the risk of stiffness by documenting the range of motion of the uninjured digits immediately after flap division and at final follow-up. RESULTS: There were no cases of flap dehiscence, infection, or hematoma. Six cases had minor partial flap edge necrosis that was treated conservatively and allowed to heal by secondary intention. In 62 patients, the range of motion of the uninjured digits was 90%-100% of the normal range of motion at day 1 post-flap division, and all of these patients recovered a full range of motion (in the uninjured digits) within 2 weeks of follow-up. Eight patients were reluctant to do the exercises as instructed because of low pain threshold; 4 of these 8 patients had residual stiffness at the final follow-up. CONCLUSION: The implementation of active exercises of the attached hand is feasible in selected cases and it helps minimize the risk of stiffness of the hand.

10.
J Burn Care Res ; 41(5): 1122-1127, 2020 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479634

RESUMO

Burns are potentially catastrophic injuries that disproportionately affect non-Western countries. We summarize results on the epidemiology of burn injuries in Saudi Arabia of all eligible papers through 2019, specifically evaluating the age and gender of patients, the location and mechanism of injury, burn size and severity, and outcomes. Between July 5 and July 10, 2019, a comprehensive literature review was performed on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library. For this search, "Saudi Arabia," coupled with the search terms "burn," "thermal burn," "flame burn," "chemical burn," "electrical burn," and "contact burn" to identify all abstracts potentially relating to the topic of interest. Eleven studies, encompassing 3308 patients, met eligibility criteria. Younger children (variably defined as ≤10-12) accounted for 52% of all burns. Males outnumbered females by an overall ratio of 1.42:1. About 83% of burns occurred at homes. Scald injuries accounted for 62.4% of injuries, followed by flame-induced burns (28.7%), electrical burns (3.3%), and chemical burns (2.8%). Pertaining to burn extent and severity, 80% to 100% of the burns were limited to <40% total body surface area, while roughly 60% were second-degree burns. Most patients remain in the hospital for 1 to 4 weeks. The overall mortality across studies including patients of all ages was 6.9%, while just 0.76% in the two studies restricted to pediatric patients. Scald injuries involving young children comprise the lion's share of burn injuries in Saudi Arabia. Increased public awareness is necessary to reduce the incidence and severity of these potentially catastrophic injuries.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Humanos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
11.
J Surg Case Rep ; 2017(3): rjw210, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28458841

RESUMO

Adrenohepatic fusion is a relatively common condition that has been reported in the literature and explained as a result of normal aging. However, the presence of a neoplastic process in the adrenohepatic fusion is relatively uncommon. A 48-year-old male presented with RUQ abdominal pain with findings of a huge liver mass with adrenohepatic fusion in the computed tomography scan. Histopathological studies revealed a mixed, although distinctly separated, adrenocortical carcinoma and a hepatocellular carcinoma within an adrenoheaptic fusion.

12.
J Infect Public Health ; 9(1): 60-5, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26185014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The hepatitis B virus (HBV) poses a health risk to healthcare workers who are in close proximity to infected individuals. Medical students are a particularly high-risk group due to the lack of an obligatory vaccination program and a post-vaccination screening program to determine immunity status, which results in a lack of awareness of and compliance with the HBV vaccine. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), a tertiary care academic hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from November 2013 to March 2014. Medical students in their second to fifth years (n=444; 213 men and 231 women) completed a self-administered questionnaire regarding awareness of HBV and compliance with the HBV vaccination program in KKUH. RESULTS: Medium to low knowledge levels were present in 53.5% of the participants, and 44.3% reported that they were not compliant with the vaccination program provided by KKUH. While 93.9% received the HBV vaccine upon entry to medical school, only 59.5% received all 3 doses, citing forgetfulness and a busy schedule as common reasons for the low compliance. There was no association between the knowledge and awareness of the participants and their compliance (p=0.988). CONCLUSION: Medical students had a low level of compliance with the HBV vaccination program, regardless of their knowledge and awareness of the disease and vaccination. We recommend that programs and campaigns be developed to increase the overall awareness of this disease. We also suggest that a mandatory HBV vaccination program should be implemented to improve the compliance rate among medical students.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Adesão à Medicação , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudos Transversais , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Imunização , Masculino , Recursos Humanos em Hospital , Arábia Saudita , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
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