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1.
J Burn Care Res ; 45(2): 478-486, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37962554

RESUMO

Burn prevention programs can effectively reduce morbidity and mortality rates. In this article, we present the findings of our investigation of the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the Saudi Arabian population regarding electrical burns. Our study was a cross-sectional online survey that used a five-part questionnaire to assess the participant's demographic information, knowledge of electrical burns, attitudes toward electrical injuries, and practices related to electrical burns and their prevention. Overall, 2314 individuals responded to the survey (males: 41.2%; females: 58.8%). A total of 839 participants (36%) had a personal or family history of electrical burns. Approximately ≥90% of the responses to questions on electrical burn-related knowledge were correct; relatively less responses to questions on the extent of tissue damage from electrical burns and arcs were correct (74% and 29%, respectively). Only 54% of the respondents knew that applying first aid to the burn-affected areas at home could lead to a better outcome; 27% and 19% did not know the correct answer and thought that this would not lead to a better outcome, respectively. The most common source of information was school or college (38.9%), followed by social media (20.8%) and internet websites (16.3%). Enhancing community awareness and practices related to electrical burns is a cost-effective and straightforward strategy to prevent the morbidity and mortality associated with electrical injuries.


Assuntos
Queimaduras por Corrente Elétrica , Queimaduras , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Queimaduras por Corrente Elétrica/terapia , Queimaduras/terapia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Arábia Saudita
2.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 11(3): e4864, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36910738

RESUMO

Poland syndrome is a congenital anomaly with two clinical features: unilateral agenesis of the pectoralis major and ipsilateral hand symbrachydactyly. We report a rare case of bilateral Poland syndrome with several unique features. Poland syndrome is thought to be due to a vascular insult to the subclavian axis around the sixth week of gestation. Our patient has multiple rare and unique features of Poland syndrome. For the first time in the literature, we associate Poland syndrome with cone-shaped epiphysis of the metacarpals of all fingers. Bilaterality, cleft hand deformity, and dextrocardia were also rare features in our patient.

3.
Dermatol Ther ; 35(12): e15888, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183145

RESUMO

Atrophic acne scars are the most common cutaneous seqaule of acne vulgaris, representing 80%-90% of all acne scars. Ablative fractional carbon dioxide (FCO2 ) laser is the gold standard treatment for atrophic scars. Additionally, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is suggested to accelerate the healing process and collagen synthesis. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the efficacy and safety of PRP combined with Ablative FCO2 laser in the treatment of moderate to severe atrophic acne scars. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have compared PRP in combination with ablative FCO2 laser to ablative FCO2 laser alone with respect to the efficacy and safety measures were included. We have systematically explored Embase, Medline, and CENTRAL databases via Ovid. The outcomes that our systematic review sought to evaluate were clinical improvement, patient satisfaction, and Goodman and Baron's qualitative acne scar score. The dichotomous outcomes were presented as odds ratio (OR) while the continuous outcomes were presented as standardized mean difference (SMD). Eleven RCTs that represents 313 participants were included. The combined use of laser and PRP showed a statistically significant clinical improvement and patient satisfaction compared to the use of laser alone (OR = 2.56, 95% CI 1.37-4.78 and OR = 3.38, 95% CI 1.80-6.34, respectively). Also, a significant improvement in Goodman and Baron's score was achieved by combining PRP with laser (SMD = -0.40, 95% CI -0.65 to -0.14). The combined treatment of laser and PRP was highly synergistic, effective, and safe in treating moderate to severe atrophic acne scars.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo , Lasers de Gás , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Humanos , Cicatriz/diagnóstico , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/terapia , Lasers de Gás/efeitos adversos , Dióxido de Carbono , Acne Vulgar/complicações , Acne Vulgar/terapia , Atrofia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Dermatol Ther ; 35(7): e15544, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499185

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, immune-mediated disease of the skin and joints. Plaque psoriasis is the most common clinical phenotype of psoriasis. Apremilast is an oral phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the management of plaque psoriasis. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy and safety of apremilast monotherapy for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. This systematic review included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing apremilast 20 mg twice daily (BID) and 30 mg BID with placebo for its efficacy on plaque psoriasis. We searched the Medline, Embase, and CENTRAL databases. We sought to evaluate the following outcomes: psoriasis area and severity index score (PASI)-50, PASI-75, PASI-90, static Physician Global Assessment (sPGA), and adverse events. The risk ratio (RR) was used to represent dichotomous outcomes and adverse events, and the data were pooled using the inverse variance weighting method. Eight RCTs that enrolled 2635 participants were deemed eligible. Apremilast 30 mg BID and 20 mg BID were significantly more efficacious than placebo in achieving PASI-75 over 16 weeks (RR = 4.60, 95% CI 3.29-6.41, and RR = 3.15, 95% CI 1.96-5.07, respectively). Apremilast 30 mg BID showed a significantly higher rate of adverse events than the placebo (RR = 1.24, 95% CI 1.16-1.33), whereas apremilast 20 mg BID did not exhibit any significant difference (RR = 1.13, 95% CI 0.91-1.42). This meta-analysis demonstrated that apremilast monotherapy is an effective therapeutic option for moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis with acceptable tolerability and safety profile.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4 , Psoríase , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4/efeitos adversos , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Neurosci Rural Pract ; 12(4): 733-738, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737508

RESUMO

Objective Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a degenerative disease of the central nervous system that can lead to lifelong disabilities. There is a significant increase in the global incidence of the disease. In Saudi Arabia (SA), the western region has the greatest number of MS cases. However, there is a lack of studies and research to assess public knowledge in the region. Thus, we aim to assess the public's knowledge of MS in Jeddah, SA. Methodology We conducted a cross-sectional study surveying 468 participants from the general population of Jeddah. A validated MS knowledge questionnaire (MSKQ-25) was used. Results Most participants were female 347 (74.1%) with a mean age of 35.73 ± 14.71 standard deviation (SD). MS was found in 14 (3%) of the participants. The average score of the (MSKQ) was 7.42 SD ± 4.568 versus the average score of people with MS with a mean of 13.92 SD ± 3.33 and a p value > 0.001. No significant variation was found in knowledge between gender and age groups, but there was a significant correlation between the educational level and the knowledge level. Conclusion The mean knowledge score was below average, which indicates poor knowledge of MS. Since the western region has the highest number of MS cases in SA, the level of understanding needs to increase. This can be improved by conducting educational programs using various types of media.

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