Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 646
Filtrar
1.
Appl Opt ; 60(24): 7177-7185, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613005

RESUMO

In order to improve the wavefront distortion correction performance of the classical stochastic parallel gradient descent (SPGD) algorithm, an optimized algorithm based on Nesterov-accelerated adaptive momentum estimation is proposed. It adopts a modified second-order momentum and a linearly varying gain coefficient to improve iterative stability. It integrates the Nesterov momentum term and the modified Adam optimizer to further improve the convergence speed, correct the direction of gradient descent in a timely fashion, and avoid falling into local extremum. Besides, to demonstrate the algorithm's performance, a wavefront sensorless adaptive optics system model is established using a 6×6 element deformable mirror as wavefront corrector. Simulation results show that, compared with the SPGD algorithm, the proposed algorithm converges faster, and its Strehl ratio after convergence is nearly 6.25 times that of the SPGD algorithm. Also, the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed algorithm are verified by comparing with two existing optimization algorithms.

2.
Dev Neurobiol ; 2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601807

RESUMO

Oligodendrocytes (OLs) continue to be generated from OL precursors (OPs) in the adult mammalian brain. Adult-born OLs are believed to contribute to neural plasticity, learning and memory through a process of "adaptive myelination", but how adult OL generation and adaptive myelination are regulated remains unclear. Here, we report that the glia-specific G protein-coupled receptor 37-like 1 (GPR37L1) is expressed in subsets of OPs and newly-formed immature OLs in adult mouse brain. We found that OP proliferation and differentiation are inhibited in the corpus callosum of adult Gpr37l1 knockout mice, leading to a reduction in the number of adult-born OLs. Our data raise the possibility that GPR37L1 is mechanistically involved in adult OL generation and adaptive myelination, and suggest that GPR37L1 might be a useful functional marker of OPs that are committed to OL differentiation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493197

RESUMO

Neuronal damage or degeneration is the main feature of neurological diseases. Regulation of neurogenesis and neuronal differentiation is important in developing therapies to promote neuronal regeneration or synaptic network reconstruction. Neurogenesis is a multistage process in which neurons are generated and integrated into existing neuronal circuits. Neuronal differentiation is extremely complex because it can occur in different cell types and can be caused by a variety of inducers. Recently, natural compounds that induce neurogenesis and neuronal differentiation have attracted extensive attention. In this paper, the potential neural induction effects of medicinal plant-derived natural compounds on neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs), the cultured neuronal cells, and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are reviewed. The natural compounds that are efficacious in inducing neurogenesis and neuronal differentiation include phenolic acids, polyphenols, flavonoids, glucosides, alkaloids, terpenoids, quinones, coumarins, and others. They exert neural induction effects by regulating signal factors and cell-specific genes involved in the process of neurogenesis and neuronal differentiation, including specific proteins (ß-tubulin III, MAP-2, tau, nestin, neurofilaments, GFAP, GAP-43, NSE), related genes and proteins (STAT3, Hes1, Mash1, NeuroD1, notch, cyclin D1, SIRT1, reggie-1), transcription factors (CREB, Nkx-2.5, Ngn1), neurotrophins (BDNF, NGF, NT-3) and signaling pathways (JAK/STAT, Wnt/ß-catenin, MAPK, PI3K/Akt, GSK-3ß/ß-catenin, Ca2+/CaMKII/ATF1, Nrf2/HO-1, BMP). The natural compounds with neural induction effects are of great value for neuronal regenerative medicine and provide promising prevention and treatment strategies for neurological diseases.

4.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2101049, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494723

RESUMO

Tumor hypoxia is a typical characteristic of tumor microenvironment (TME), which seriously compromises the therapeutic effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT). The development of nanozymes with oxygen-generation ability is a promising strategy to overcome the oxygen-dependent of PDT but remained a great challenge. Herein, a dual-nanozymes based cascade reactor HAMF is proposed to alleviate tumor hypoxia for enhanced PDT. The hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs) are constructed as an excellent nanocarrier to load ultra-small gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) and manganese dioxide (MnO2 ) shell via in situ reduction method, and further coordination with an efficient photosensitizer 4-DCF-MPYM (4-FM), a thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) fluorescein derivative. With the response to TME, MnO2 can catalyze endogenous H2 O2 into O2 and subsequently accelerating glucose oxidation by Au NPs to produce additional H2 O2 , which is reversely used as the substrate for MnO2 -catalyzed reaction, thereby constantly producing singlet oxygen (1 O2 ) for enhanced PDT upon light irradiation. This work proposed a cascade reactor based on dual-nanozyme to relieve tumor hypoxia for effective tumor suppression, which may enrich the application of multi-nanozymes in biomedicine.

5.
Hepatology ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is responsible for the lipolytic processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, the deficiency of which causes severe hypertriglyceridemia. Liver LPL expression is high in suckling rodents, but relatively low at adulthood. However, the regulatory mechanism and functional significance of liver LPL expression are incompletely understood. We have established the zinc finger protein ZBTB20 as a critical factor for hepatic lipogenesis. Here we evaluated the role of ZBTB20 in regulating liver Lpl gene transcription and plasma triglyceride metabolism. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Hepatocyte-specific inactivation of ZBTB20 in mice led to a remarkable increase in LPL expression at the mRNA and protein levels in adult liver, in which LPL protein was mainly localized onto sinusoidal epithelial cells and Kupffer cells. As a result, the LPL activity in post-heparin plasma was substantially increased, and postprandial plasma triglyceride clearance was significantly enhanced, while plasma triglyceride levels were decreased. The dysregulated liver LPL expression and low plasma triglyceride levels in ZBTB20-deficient mice were normalized by inactivating hepatic LPL expression. ZBTB20 deficiency protected the mice against high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemia without causing excessive triglyceride accumulation in the liver. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and gel shift assay studies revealed that ZBTB20 binds to the LPL promoter in the liver. A luciferase reporter assay revealed that ZBTB20 inhibits the transcriptional activity of LPL promoter. The regulation of LPL expression by ZBTB20 is liver-specific under physiological condition. CONCLUSIONS: Liver ZBTB20 serves as a key regulator of LPL expression and plasma triglyceride metabolism, and could be a therapeutic target for hypertriglyceridemia.

6.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 329, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471087

RESUMO

It's a challenge for detecting the therapeutic targets of a polypharmacological drug from variations in the responsed networks in the differentiated populations with complex diseases, as stable coronary heart disease. Here, in an adaptive, 31-center, randomized, double-blind trial involving 920 patients with moderate symptomatic stable angina treated by 14-day Danhong injection(DHI), a kind of polypharmacological drug with high quality control, or placebo (0.9% saline), with 76-day following-up, we firstly confirmed that DHI could increase the proportion of patients with clinically significant changes on angina-frequency assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 20) (12.78% at Day 30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.86-19.71%, P = 0.0003, 13.82% at Day 60, 95% CI 6.82-20.82%, P = 0.0001 and 8.95% at Day 90, 95% CI 2.06-15.85%, P = 0.01). We also found that there were no significant differences in new-onset major vascular events (P = 0.8502) and serious adverse events (P = 0.9105) between DHI and placebo. After performing the RNA sequencing in 62 selected patients, we developed a systemic modular approach to identify differentially expressed modules (DEMs) of DHI with the Zsummary value less than 0 compared with the control group, calculated by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and sketched out the basic framework on a modular map with 25 functional modules targeted by DHI. Furthermore, the effective therapeutic module (ETM), defined as the highest correlation value with the phenotype alteration (ΔSAQ-AF, the change in SAQ-AF at Day 30 from baseline) calculated by WGCNA, was identified in the population with the best effect (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 40), which is related to anticoagulation and regulation of cholesterol metabolism. We assessed the modular flexibility of this ETM using the global topological D value based on Euclidean distance, which is correlated with phenotype alteration (r2: 0.8204, P = 0.019) by linear regression. Our study identified the anti-angina therapeutic module in the effective population treated by the multi-target drug. Modular methods facilitate the discovery of network pharmacological mechanisms and the advancement of precision medicine. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01681316).

8.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 206: 114360, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508926

RESUMO

Lenvatinib (LEN) is a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor registered for the first-line treatment of unresectable advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Wuzhi capsule (WZC) is a traditional Chinese medicine preparation; it is used to decrease the aminotransferase level of the liver and protect liver function. Thus, patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are potentially treated with a combination of LEN and WZC, but there is no information about the interaction between the two drugs. We developed a simple, rapid, and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the quantitative determination of lenvatinib in rat plasma. Liquid-liquid extraction of plasma samples was carried out with ethyl acetate. Chromatographic separation of analyte was performed using gradient elution with acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid water. The positive ion multi-response monitoring mode was used, and the target of the parent and daughter ions of LEN and IS were m/z 427.1→370 and m/z 432.1→370, respectively. All the validation projects were in accordance with the guidelines. Good linearity of 0.2-1000 ng/mL (r > 0.999) was achieved. The lower limit of quantification was 0.2 ng/mL. The precision and accuracy are acceptable. The method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetics and drug interaction analysis. The results show that WZC can significantly increase the Cmax (maximum plasma concentration) and AUC (area under the concentration-time curve) of LEN. An UPLC -MS/MS method that can be used for studying drug-drug interaction as a valuable tool was developed in this study. Drug-drug interactions were observed between the WZC and LEN.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Interações Medicamentosas , Humanos , Compostos de Fenilureia , Quinolinas , Ratos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 149871, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525770

RESUMO

Heavy metal pollution in coastal zone is a global environment problem concerning the international society. As an eco-friendly and economical method, phytoremediation is a promising strategy for improving heavy metal pollution in coastal soil. In order to alleviate the ecological risk of heavy metal pollution in Jinzhou Bay, a typical and important heavy industrial area in China, three local wetland plants (Scirpus validus, Typha orientalis and Phragmites australis) were selected and planted in the field. The plants showed strong tolerance of high concentrations of heavy metals. Stressed by the heavy metals, the root weight of S. validus and P. australis increased 114.74% and 49.91%, respectively. The concentrations of heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, As, Hg) accumulated in the plant roots were 4-60 times higher than that in plant shoots. The SEM analysis found that abundant heavy metals were adhered to the root surface closely. Bioconcentration factor of heavy metals on the plant roots were 0.08-0.89 (except Cr, Ni), while the translocation factor from roots to above ground of plants were 0.02-0.27. Furthermore, the wetland plants improved the regional ecological environment quality. The concentrations of heavy metals in the rhizosphere soil decreased significantly. Compared with the bulk soil, the potential ecological risk index in the rhizosphere soil reduced 26.51%-69.14%. Moreover, the microbial diversity in rhizosphere soil increased significantly, and the abundances of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes also increased in rhizosphere soil. Pearson correlations indicated that Hg, As, Ni and Cr were negatively correlated with Proteobacteria (p < 0.05), and Cu was significantly negative correlated with Bacteroidetes (p < 0.05). The results support that using suitable local plants is a promising approach for repairing heavy metal contaminated costal soil, not only because it can improve the regional ecological environment quality, but also because it can enhance the landscape value of coastal zone.

10.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was performed to quantify intracranial aneurysm wall thickness (AWT) and enhancement using 7T MRI, and their relationship with aneurysm size and type. METHODS: 27 patients with 29 intracranial aneurysms were included. Three-dimensional T1 weighted pre- and post-contrast fast spin echo with 0.4 mm isotropic resolution was used. AWT was defined as the full width at half maximum on profiles of signal intensity across the aneurysm wall on pre-contrast images. Enhancement ratio (ER) was defined as the signal intensity of the aneurysm wall over that of the brain parenchyma. The relationships between AWT, ER, and aneurysm size and type were investigated. RESULTS: 7T MRI revealed large variations in AWT (range 0.11-1.24 mm). Large aneurysms (>7 mm) had thicker walls than small aneurysms (≤7 mm) (0.49±0.05 vs 0.41±0.05 mm, p<0.001). AWT was similar between saccular and fusiform aneurysms (p=0.546). Within each aneurysm, a thicker aneurysm wall was associated with increased enhancement in 28 of 29 aneurysms (average r=0.65, p<0.05). Thicker walls were observed in enhanced segments (ER >1) than in non-enhanced segments (0.53±0.09 vs 0.38±0.07 mm, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Improved image quality at 7T allowed quantification of intracranial AWT and enhancement. A thicker aneurysm wall was observed in larger aneurysms and was associated with stronger enhancement.

11.
J Med Virol ; 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453756

RESUMO

Chikungunya fever is an acute infectious disease caused by the chikungunya virus (CHIKV) that is characterized by fever, rash, and joint pain. CHIKV has infected millions of people in Africa, Asia, America, and Europe since it re-emerged in the Indian Ocean region in 2004. Here, we report an outbreak of Chikungunya fever that occurred in Ruili of Yunnan Province, a city located on the border between China and Myanmar, in September 2019. The outbreak lasted for three months from September to December. Overall, 112 cases were confirmed by a real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction in the Ruili People's Hospital, and they showed apparent temporal, spatial, and population aggregation. Among them, 91 were local cases distributed in 19 communities of Ruili City, and 21 were imported cases. The number of female patients was higher than that of male patients, and most patients were between 20 and 60 years old. The main clinical manifestations included joint pain (91.96%), fever (86.61%), fatigue (58.04%), chills (57.14%), rash (48.21%), headache (39.29%), and so forth. Biochemical indexes revealed increased C-reactive protein (63.39%), lymphopenia (57.17%), increased hemoglobin (33.04%), neutrophilia (28.57%), and thrombocytopenia (16.07%). Phylogenetic analysis of the complete sequences indicated that the CHIKV strains in this outbreak belonged to the Indian Ocean clade of the East/Central/South African genotype. We speculated that this chikungunya outbreak might be caused by CHIKV-infected persons returning from Myanmar, and provided a reference for the formulation of effective treatment and prevention measures.

12.
Cell Biol Int ; 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374467

RESUMO

Compelling evidences suggest that transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) can be therapeutically effective for central nervous system (CNS) injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. The therapeutic effect of BM-MSCs mainly attributes to their differentiation into neuron-like cells which replace injured and degenerative neurons. Importantly, the neurotrophic factors released from BM-MSCs can also rescue injured and degenerative neurons, which plays a biologically pivotal role in enhancing neuroregeneration and neurological functional recovery. Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), the main bioactive ingredient extracted from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Chuanxiong, has been reported to promote the neuronal differentiation of BM-MSCs. This study aimed to investigate whether TMP regulates the release of neurotrophic factors from BM-MSCs. We examined the effect of TMP on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) released from BM-MSCs and elucidated the underlying molecular mechanism. Our results demonstrated that TMP at concentrations of lower than 200 µM increased the release of BDNF in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the effect of TMP on increasing the release of BDNF from BM-MSCs was blocked by inhibiting the phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) pathway. Therefore, we concluded that TMP could induce the release of BDNF from BM-MSCs through activation of the PI3K/AKT/CREB pathway, leading to the formation of neuroprotective and proneurogenic microenvironment. These findings suggest that TMP possesses novel therapeutic potential to promote neuroprotection and neurogenesis through improving the neurotrophic ability of BM-MSCs, which provides a promising nutritional prevention and treatment strategy for CNS injuries and neurodegenerative diseases via the transplantation of TMP-treated BM-MSCs.

13.
Environ Pollut ; 289: 117890, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358868

RESUMO

Ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a worldwide environmental problem and is posing a serious threat to human health. Until now, the molecular toxicological mechanisms and the crucial toxic components of PM2.5 remain to be clarified. This study investigated the whole transcriptomic changes in THP-1 derived macrophages treated with different types of PM2.5 extracts using RNA sequencing technique. Bioinformatics analyses covering biological functions, signal pathways, protein networks and node genes were performed to explore the candidate pathways and critical genes, and to find the potential molecular mechanisms. Results of Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway (KEGG), and protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks revealed that water extracts (WEs) of PM2.5 obviously influenced genes and molecular pathways responded to oxidative stress and inflammation. Dichloromethane extracts (DEs) specifically affected genes and signal cascades related to cell cycle progress process. Furthermore, compared with WEs collected in heating season, non-heating season WEs induced much higher expression levels of Ca-associated genes (including phosphodiesterase 4B and cyclooxygenase-2), which may consequently result in more severe inflammatory responses. While, for DEs exposure, the heating season (DH) group showed extensive induction of deferentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to cell cycle pathway, which may be caused by the higher polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contents in DH samples than those from non-heating season. In conclusion, the oxidative stress and inflammation response are closely correlated with cellular responses in THP-1 derived macrophages induced by water soluble components of PM2.5, and cell cycle dysregulation may play an important role in biological effects induced by organic components. The different transcriptomic changes induced by seasonal PM2.5 extracts may partially depend on the contents of PAHs and metal ions, respectively.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Humanos , Macrófagos , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade , Transcriptoma
14.
Endocrinology ; 162(12)2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453520

RESUMO

The human testis can be infected by a large number of RNA and DNA viruses. While various RNA virus infections may induce orchitis and impair testicular functions, DNA virus infection rarely affects the testis. Mechanisms underlying the differential effects of RNA and DNA viral infections on the testis remain unclear. In the current study, we therefore examined the effects of viral RNA and DNA sensor signaling pathways on mouse Sertoli cells (SC) and Leydig cells (LC). The local injection of viral RNA analogue polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [poly(I:C)] into the testis markedly disrupted spermatogenesis, whereas the injection of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) DNA analogue HSV60 did not affect spermatogenesis. Poly(I:C) dramatically induced the expression of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 in SC and LC through Toll-like receptor 3 and interferon ß promoter stimulator 1 signaling pathways, impairing the integrity of the blood-testis barrier and testosterone synthesis. Poly(I:C)-induced TNF-α production thus plays a critical role in the impairment of cell functions. In contrast, HSV60 predominantly induced the expression of type 1 interferons and antiviral proteins via the DNA sensor signaling pathway, which did not affect testicular cell functions. Accordingly, the Zika virus induced high levels of TNF-α in SC and LC and impaired their respective cellular functions, whereas Herpes simplex virus type 2 principally induced antiviral responses and did not impair such functions. These results provide insights into the mechanisms by which RNA viral infections impair testicular functions.

15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112523, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273852

RESUMO

Micro- and nano- polystyrene particles have been widely detected in environment, posing potential threats to human health. This study was designed to evaluate the neurodevelopmental toxicity of polystyrene nanoparticles (NPs) in Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans), to screen crucial genes and investigate the underlying mechanism. In wild-type C. elegans, polystyrene NPs (diameter 50 nm) could concentration-dependently induce significant inhibition in body length, survival rate, head thrashes, and body bending, accompanying with increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, lipofuscin accumulation, and apoptosis and decrease of dopamine (DA) contents. Moreover, pink-1 mutant was demonstrated to alleviate the locomotion disorders and oxidative damage induced by polystyrene NPs, indicating involvement of pink-1 in the polystyrene NPs-induced neurotoxicity. RNA sequencing results revealed 89 up-regulated and 56 down-regulated differently expressed genes (DEGs) response to polystyrene NPs (100 µg/L) exposure. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis revealed that predominant enriched DEGs were correlated with biological function of cuticle development and molting cycle. Furthermore, mutant strains test showed that the neurodevelopmental toxicity and oxidative stress responses induced by 50 nm polystyrene NPs were regulated by dpy-5 and rol-6. In general, polystyrene NPs induced obvious neurodevelopmental toxicity in C. elegans through oxidative damage and dopamine reduction. Crucial genes dpy-5 and rol-6 might participate in polystyrene NPs-induced neurodevelopmental toxicity through regulation on synthesis and deposition of cuticle collagen.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Nanopartículas , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Colágeno , Humanos , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Poliestirenos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
16.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) is an emerging metabolic MRI technique to map creatine distribution in the myocardium. PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of using a contrast-free CEST technique to evaluate cardiac involvement in amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: Forty patients with biopsy-proven AL amyloidosis (age 57.6 ± 9.1 years, 31 males) and 20 healthy controls (age 42.8 ± 13.8 years, 13 males). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3.0 T, CEST imaging using a single-shot FLASH sequence, T1 mapping with a modified Look-Locker inversion recovery sequence and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging with a phase-sensitive inversion recovery gradient echo sequence. ASSESSMENT: The average CEST was calculated in the basal short-axis slice of the entire left ventricle and septum. LGE was assessed subjectively (none/patchy/global) and extracellular volume (ECV), CEST and T1 maps generated. STATISTICAL TESTS: Comparison between patient groups and healthy controls was performed by one-way analysis of variance with post hoc Bonferroni correction. Correlation was assessed using the Pearson's r correlation or Spearman ρ correlation. Statistical significance was defined as P < 0.05. RESULTS: Global (0.09 ± 0.03 vs. 0.11 ± 0.02) and septal (0.09 ± 0.03 vs. 0.11 ± 0.03) basal short-axis CEST was significantly decreased in patients with AL amyloidosis compared to the controls. Global CEST correlated significantly with Mayo stage (ρ = -0.508), NYHA Class (ρ = -0.430), LVEF (r = 0.511), mass index (r = -0.373), LGE (ρ = -0.537), ECV (r = -0.544), and T2 (r = -0.396). Septal CEST correlated significantly with LVEF (r = 0.395), LGE (ρ = -0.330), and ECV (r = -0.391). DATA CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the potential of CEST MRI to identify cardiac involvement and evaluate disease burden and to give insight into cellular changes intermediary between function and structure in AL amyloidosis patients. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 2 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.

17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(8): 3577-3584, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309244

RESUMO

With the continuous development of air pollution control measures, the concentration of PM2.5 in Shanghai has shown a conspicuous downward trend in recent years. However, frequent O3 pollution events have highlighted the urgent need to explore the occurrence patterns of O3 pollution and develop scientific strategies for reducing O3 peaks. This study examines data from July 2017, when the cumulative number of O3 pollution days in 17 cities in the Yangtze River Delta was 165 days, of which Shanghai was the most serious, with an exceedance rate of 64.5%. During this period, the average concentration of NO2 in Shanghai was 27.1 µg·m-3 and volatile organic copunds (VOCs) mixing ratio was 22.5×10-9. By analyzing ozone precursor concentrations and meteorological factors, we determined that these events mainly resulted from a combination of unfavorable meteorological conditions such as high temperature, low humidity, low wind speed, and high precursor emissions. WRF-CMAQ scenario simulations showed that a reduction in precursor emissions in Shanghai alone would have a limited controlling effect on regional O3 pollution. Thus, regional joint control is recommended when widespread pollution events occur. Our analysis shows that if VOCs in Shanghai and nine neighboring cities can be reduced by 30%, the maximum 8-h O3 concentration in Shanghai could be reduced by 7.2%. If the reduction number of these cities rises to 17, the maximum 8-h O3 concentration reduction rate in Shanghai will increase to 7.8%. It is also recommended that the VOCs:NOx reduction ratio should be strictly controlled at more than 3:1, or else the O3 concentration in some areas will increase.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ozônio/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
18.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 210: 105192, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120092

RESUMO

Notwithstanding alternative ways of obtaining power, social power is mostly commonly acquired through either a dominance approach, where power is grabbed by the powerholder, or a prestige approach, where power is granted by group members. Although children's attitude toward power in the dominance situation has been studied, little is known about how children understand and distinguish different ways of obtaining power. We examined the understanding of power in children aged 4-8 years by their resource allocation behavior in two social power acquisition situations. In Study 1, 4- to 8-year-olds (N = 123) gradually shifted from distributing more to the powerholder to showing no preference for either party (in the prestige situation) or to distributing more to the subordinates (in the dominance situation) as they age. Older children (6-8 years), but not 4- and 5-year-olds, were more likely to favor the powerholders in the prestige situation than in the dominance situation. In Study 2, when power did not produce unfair results, 7- and 8-year-olds (N = 48) favored the powerholder in the prestige situation but showed no preference in the dominance situation. The results suggest that children's attitudes toward the two ways of acquiring power are gradually differentiated with age, and children's resource allocation in the power situations is influenced by the way of acquiring power and children's equity concern.

19.
Genome Res ; 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083408

RESUMO

In animals, distant H3K27me3-marked Polycomb targets can establish physical interactions forming repressive chromatin hubs. In plants, growing evidence suggests that H3K27me3 acts directly or indirectly to regulate chromatin interactions, although how this histone modification modulates 3D chromatin architecture remains elusive. To decipher the impact of the dynamic deposition of H3K27me3 on the Arabidopsis thaliana nuclear interactome, we combined genetics, transcriptomics, and several 3D epigenomic approaches. By analyzing mutants defective for histone H3K27 methylation or demethylation, we uncovered the crucial role of this chromatin mark in short- and previously unnoticed long-range chromatin loop formation. We found that a reduction in H3K27me3 levels led to a decrease in the interactions within Polycomb-associated repressive domains. Regions with lower H3K27me3 levels in the H3K27 methyltransferase clf mutant established new interactions with regions marked with H3K9ac, a histone modification associated with active transcription, indicating that a reduction in H3K27me3 levels induces a global reconfiguration of chromatin architecture. Altogether, our results reveal that the 3D genome organization is tightly linked to reversible histone modifications that govern chromatin interactions. Consequently, nuclear organization dynamics shapes the transcriptional reprogramming during plant development and places H3K27me3 as a key feature in the coregulation of distant genes.

20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(40): 56247-56256, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050515

RESUMO

The goal of this work was to assess the effect of combined pollution of galaxolide (HHCB) and cadmium (Cd) on soil microbial community as measured by phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA). Combined effects of HHCB and Cd were different from that of HHCB alone. The total microbial biomass increased with the concentrations of HHCB in both the single and combined treatments. Comparing to the single HHCB treatments, addition of Cd significantly reduced both the total microbial biomass and Gram-positive/Gram-negative bacteria (G+/G-) ratio, while increased the bacteria/fungi (B/F) ratio in the combined pollution treatments. The principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that the microbial community structure was significantly altered by the combined effects of HHCB and Cd. Results of redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that there was complex relationship between pollutant and microbial community and the combined effects was higher than the single pollution. Taken together, these results suggest that combined pollution of HHCB and Cd caused a greater influence on the soil microbial community than the single pollution of HHCB.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Poluentes do Solo , Benzopiranos , Biomassa , Cádmio , Fungos , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...