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1.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(19)2023 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37834498

RESUMO

In this work, we present the fabrication of thin films/nanostructures of metals and metal oxides using picosecond laser ablation. Two sets of experiments were performed: the depositions were carried out in vacuum and in air at atmospheric pressure. The subjects of investigation were the noble metals Au and Pt and the metal oxides ZnO and TiO2. We studied and compared the phase composition, microstructure, morphology, and physicochemical state of the as-deposited samples' surfaces in vacuum and in air. It was found that picosecond laser ablation performed in vacuum led to the fabrication of thin films with embedded and differently sized nanoparticles. The implementation of the same process in air at atmospheric pressure resulted in the fabrication of porous nanostructures composed of nanoparticles. The ablation of pure Pt metal in air led to the production of nanoparticles with an oxide shell. In addition, more defects were formed on the metal oxide surface when the samples were deposited in vacuum. Furthermore, the laser ablation process of pure Au metal in a picosecond regime in vacuum and in air was theoretically investigated using molecular dynamics simulation.

2.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(19)2023 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37834582

RESUMO

In this study, we present a physical method for the fabrication of oriented nanowires composed of mixed metal oxides. Pulsed laser deposition carried out in the air under atmospheric pressure was used for the production of samples. Two sets of experiments were performed by applying nanosecond and picosecond laser ablation, respectively. The depositions were performed using the laser ablation of mixed targets from iron oxide and zinc oxide as the initial materials in different ratios. The experiments were carried out in a magnetic field, which allowed us to control the morphology of nanostructures. The structure, microstructure, morphology, and composition of the structures obtained were studied in relation to the sample composition and laser ablation regime applied. The morphological analysis revealed that the structure of the samples consisted mainly of nanowire-like features reaching tens of micrometers in length. These nanowires were composed of nanoparticles and oriented predominantly in parallel to magnetic field lines. Nanoparticles produced using ps ablation were, on average, smaller than those obtained by ns ablation of the same target. Using ablation with ps laser pulses, we were able to produce new composite materials or materials containing unstable phases.

3.
Molecules ; 29(1)2023 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38202681

RESUMO

Monometallic (Ni, Co, Cu) and bimetallic (Ni-Co, Ni-Cu) 10-20 wt.% metal containing catalysts supported on fly ash zeolite were prepared by post-synthesis impregnation method. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, N2 physisorption, XPS and H2-TPR methods. Finely dispersed metal oxides and mixed oxides were detected after the decomposition of the impregnating salt on the relevant zeolite support. Via reduction intermetallic, NiCo and NiCu phases were identified in the bimetallic catalysts. The catalysts were studied in hydrodeoxygenation of lignocellulosic biomass-derived levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone (GVL) in a batch system by water as a solvent. Bimetallic, 10 wt.% Ni, and 10 wt.% Cu or Co containing fly ash zeolite catalysts showed higher catalytic activity than monometallic ones. Their selectivity to GVL reached 70-85% at about 100% conversion. The hydrogenation activity of catalysts was found to be stronger compared to their hydration ability; therefore, the reaction proceeds through formation of 4-hydroxy pentanoic acid as the only intermediate compound.

4.
Molecules ; 28(1)2022 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615398

RESUMO

Transition metals as catalysts for total VOC oxidation at low temperatures (150-280 °C) are a big challenge nowadays. Therefore, iron-modified SBA-15, AlSBA-15, and ZrSBA-15 materials with 0.5 to 5.0 wt.% Fe loading were prepared and tested for toluene oxidation. It was found that increasing Fe loading significantly improved the rate of oxidation and lowered the temperature of achieving 100% removal of toluene from above 500 °C for the supports (AlSBA-15 and ZrSBA-15) to below 400 °C for 5FeZrSBA-15. The formation of finely dispersed iron oxide active sites with a particle size less than 5 nm was observed on all the SBA-15, AlSBA-15, and ZrSBA-15 supports. It was found that the surface properties of the mesoporous support due to the addition of Al or Zr predetermined the type of formed iron oxide species and their localization on the support surface. Fe-containing SBA-15 and AlSBA-15 showed activity in total toluene oxidation at higher temperatures (280-450 °C). However, 5 wt. % Fe-containing ZrSBA-15 showed excellent activity in the total oxidation of toluene as a model VOC at lower temperatures (150-380 °C) due to the synergistic effect of Fe-Zr and the presence of accessible and stable Fe2+/Fe3+ active sites.

5.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(22)2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34832421

RESUMO

The common approach to modify the thermoelectric activity of oxides is based on the concept of selective metal substitution. Herein, we demonstrate an alternative approach based on the formation of multiphase composites, at which the individual components have distinctions in the electric and thermal conductivities. The proof-of-concept includes the formation of multiphase composites between well-defined thermoelectric Co-based oxides: Ni, Fe co-substituted perovskite, LaCo0.8Ni0.1Fe0.1O3 (LCO), and misfit layered Ca3Co4O9. The interfacial chemical and electrical properties of composites are probed with the means of SEM, PEEM/XAS, and XPS tools, as well as the magnetic susceptibility measurements. The thermoelectric power of the multiphase composites is evaluated by the dimensionless figure of merit, ZT, calculated from the independently measured electrical resistivity (ρ), Seebeck coefficient (S), and thermal conductivity (λ). It has been demonstrated that the magnitude's electric and thermal conductivities depend more significantly on the composite interfaces than the Seebeck coefficient values. As a result, the highest thermoelectric activity is observed at the composite richer on the perovskite (i.e., ZT = 0.34 at 298 K).

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(1): 1838-1852, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320516

RESUMO

A series of mesoporous cerium-iron binary oxides was prepared by a hydrothermal technique using CTAB as a template. The influence of the Fe/Ce ratio and the variations in the preparation techniques such as the type of solvent and the precipitation agent, the approach of the template release, and the temperature of calcination on the phase composition, textural, structural, surface, and redox properties of the obtained materials was studied in details by XRD, nitrogen physisorption, TPR, FTIR, UV-vis, XPS, Raman, and Moessbauer spectroscopies. The materials were tested as catalysts in methanol decomposition and total oxidation of ethyl acetate. It was assumed that the binary materials represented a complex mixture of differently substituted ceria- and hematite-like phases. Critical assessment of their formation on the base of a common mechanism scheme was proposed. This scheme declares the key role of the formation of shared Ce-O-Fe structures by insertion of Fe3+ in the ceria lattice and further competitive compensation of the lattice charge balance by the existing in the system ions, which could be controlled by the Fe/Ce ratio and the hydrothermal synthesis procedure used. This mechanism provides proper understanding and regulation of the catalytic behavior of cerium-iron oxide composites in methanol decomposition with a potential for hydrogen production and total oxidation of ethyl acetate as a model of VOCs.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(27): 17321-33, 2016 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27315402

RESUMO

The development of lithium and sodium ion batteries without using lithium and sodium metal as anodes gives the impetus for elaboration of low-cost and environmentally friendly energy storage devices. In this contribution we demonstrate the design and construction of a new type of hybrid sodium-lithium ion cell by using unique electrode combination (Li4Ti5O12 spinel as a negative electrode and layered Na3/4Co1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2 as a positive electrode) and conventional lithium electrolyte (LiPF6 salt dissolved in EC/DMC). The cell operates at an average potential of 2.35 V by delivering a reversible capacity of about 100 mAh/g. The mechanism of the electrochemical reaction in the full sodium-lithium ion cell is studied by means of postmortem analysis, as well as ex situ X-ray diffraction analysis, HR-TEM, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR). The changes in the surface composition of electrodes are examined by ex situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).

8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 404: 155-60, 2013 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23743049

RESUMO

The formation of active sites in the silica supported copper and cerium oxide bi-component catalysts for total oxidation of ethyl acetate was studied by Nitrogen physisorption, XRD, XPS, UV-Vis, Raman, FTIR of adsorbed CO spectroscopies and TPR. It was found that the interaction between the copper oxide nanoparticles and the supported on the silica ceria ones is realized with the formation of interface layer of penetrated into ceria lattice copper ions in different oxidative state. This type of interaction improves the dispersion of copper oxide particles and provides higher accessibility of the reactants to the copper active sites even at low copper amount.

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