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1.
Clin Transl Med ; 12(5): e852, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glutaminolysis is a critical metabolic process that promotes cancer cell proliferation, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Delineating the molecular control of glutaminolysis could identify novel targets to ameliorate this oncogenic metabolic pathway. Here, we evaluated the role of general control of amino acid synthesis 5 like 1 (GCN5L1), a regulator of mitochondrial protein acetylation, in modulating the acetylation and activity of glutaminase to regulate HCC development. METHODS: Cell proliferation was determined by MTT, 2D and soft agar clone formation assays and orthotopic tumour assays in nude mice. GLS1/2 acetylation and activities were measured in cells and tumours to analyse the correlation with GCN5L1 expression and mTORC1 activation. RESULTS: Hepatic GCN5L1 ablation in mice markedly increased diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced HCC, and conversely, the transduction of mitochondrial-restricted GCN5L1 protected wild-type mice against HCC progression in response to DEN and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) exposure. GCN5L1-depleted HepG2 hepatocytes enhanced tumour growth in athymic nude mice. Mechanistically, GCN5L1 depletion promoted cell proliferation through mTORC1 activation. Interestingly, liver-enriched glutaminase 2 (GLS2) appears to play a greater role than ubiquitous and canonical tumour-enriched glutaminase 1 (GLS1) in promoting murine HCC. Concurrently, GCN5L1 promotes acetylation and inactivation of both isoforms and increases enzyme oligomerisation. In human HCC tumours compared to adjacent tissue, there were variable levels of mTORC1 activation, GCN5L1 levels and glutaminase activity. Interestingly, the levels of GCN5L1 inversely correlated with mTORC1 activity and glutaminase activity in these tumours. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified that glutaminase activity, rather than GLS1 or GLS2 expression, is the key factor in HCC development that activates mTORC1 and promotes HCC. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis of liver cancer, we found that HCC patients with high GCN5L1 expression survived longer than those with low GCN5L1 expression. Collectively, GCN5L1 functions as a tumour regulator by modulating glutaminase acetylation and activity in the development of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Glutaminase , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Acetilação , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/enzimologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Glutaminase/genética , Glutaminase/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/genética , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo
2.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 78(Pt 5): 613-622, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503209

RESUMO

MalE is a maltose/maltodextrin-binding protein (MBP) that plays a critical role in most bacterial maltose/maltodextrin-transport systems. Previously reported wild-type MBPs are monomers comprising an N-terminal domain (NTD) and a C-terminal domain (CTD), and maltose-like molecules are recognized between the NTD and CTD and transported to the cell system. Because MBP does not undergo artificial dimerization, it is widely used as a tag for protein expression and purification. Here, the crystal structure of a domain-swapped dimeric MalE from Salmonella enterica (named SeMalE) in complex with maltopentaose is reported for the first time, and its structure is distinct from typical monomeric MalE family members. In the domain-swapped dimer, SeMalE comprises two subdomains: the NTD and CTD. The NTD and CTD of one molecule of SeMalE interact with the CTD and NTD of the partner molecule, respectively. The domain-swapped dimeric conformation was stabilized by interactions between the NTDs, CTDs and linkers from two SeMalE molecules. Additionally, a maltopentaose molecule was found to be located at the interface between the NTD and CTD of different SeMalE molecules. These results provide new insights that will improve the understanding of maltodextrin-binding MalE proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte , Salmonella enterica , Maltose , Proteínas Ligantes de Maltose , Polissacarídeos
3.
Small ; : e2201831, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35507778

RESUMO

Poor light stability hinders the potential applications of perovskite optoelectronic devices. Recent experiments have demonstrated that the passivation surface via forming strong chemical bonds (SO4 -Pb, PO4 -Pb, Cl-Pb, O-Pb, and S-Pb) could effectively improve the light stability of perovskite solar cells. However, the underlying reasons are not clear. Herein, the elusive underlying mechanisms of light stability enhancement are explained in detail using first principles calculations. The small polaron model and self-trapped exciton model demonstrate that an iodine vacancy defect on the surface of perovskite could trap a free electron under light illumination, which leads to a significant rearrangement of the Pb-I lattice and creats a new chemical species, i.e., a Pb-Pb dimer bound in the typical perovskite of CH3 NH3 PbI3 . The Pb-Pb dimer distorts the Pb-I octahedral lattice and reduces the defect formation energy of the I atoms. The surface Pb site passivation can prevent the formation of the Pb-Pb dimer, thereby improving the light stability. In addition, the strong ionic bond could better stabilize the Pb site. The in-depth understanding of the light stability and the passivation mechanism in this study can promote the application of perovskite optoelectronic devices.

4.
Curr Oncol Rep ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511393

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review mainly focuses on the unique features and the development of available therapeutic options for mucosal melanoma in different treatment settings, i.e., neoadjuvant, adjuvant, and palliative. RECENT FINDINGS: Mucosal melanoma is distinct from cutaneous melanoma in epidemiology, clinical features, and molecular landscape, characterized by more aggressive biological behavior, lower mutational burden, more chromosomal structure variants, unique driver mutation profile, and distinct tumor microenvironment. Systemic therapy is generally less effective to mucosal melanoma than its cutaneous counterpart. Therapeutic landscape for mucosal melanoma has evolved substantially in recent years: with new targeted therapy options as well as combination therapies built on the backbone of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies available (esp. anti-angiogenic agent and PD-1/PD-L1 combination), which, based on early phase trial data, seem to be promising. Mucosal melanoma is unique and distinct from cutaneous subtype. Unraveling the unique features of mucosal melanoma is a key to improve clinical outcomes.

7.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 220, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of myopia has become a matter of serious public health concern, and few studies to date have examined the ocular biometric parameters of myopia in young Chinese adults. This study aimed to investigate the longitudinal ocular biometric and refractive development of first-year university students and the influence of near work. METHODS: This study included 526 first-year university students from Tianjin Medical University (mean age, 18.34 years; 313 females and 213 males). From 2016 to 2018, participants underwent ocular biometry measurements and subjective refraction annually. Near-work activities such as the use of electronic devices, online games, reading, and writing as well as demographic data were recorded by questionnaires. RESULTS: The prevalence of myopia in this population from 2016 to 2018 was 92.40%, 92.59%, and 92.97%, respectively. Importantly, the prevalence of high myopia increased significantly from 20.91% to 28.33% (P < .001). The spherical equivalent refraction was significantly more myopic by approximately - 0.38 D (from - 4.18 ± 2.44 to - 4.56 ± 2.57 D; P < .001) during the period. The axial length, central corneal thickness, and lens thickness became significantly different (all P < .05), and the axial length significantly increased by 0.12 mm during 2 years (P < .001). Using binary logistic regression analysis, the data indicated that spending more time on online games (odds ratio, 2.09; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-3.29) could speed up the progression of myopia (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the prevalence of high myopia continued to increase in undergraduate students over 2 years. Baseline myopia correlated with myopic shift, the time spent on online games, and parental myopia were significantly associated with an increase in myopia in these young adult populations.

8.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 9124216, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535333

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most heterogeneous malignancies worldwide with a dismal prognosis. Lack of efficient biomarkers, early detection, and prognosis is still a challenge for HCC. Pyroptosis is a new discovery inflammatory form of programmed cell death. There is growing evidence revealed that pyroptosis plays a role in physiological and pathological conditions of human cancers. However, the prognostic evaluation of these pyroptosis-related genes (PRGs) in HCC remains blank. Consensus clustering of PRGs was used to classify 374 patients with HCC from the TCGA-LIHC cohort. By applying the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression method, a 2-gene prognostic gene model (PLCG1 and GSDMC) was built and indicated the survival rate in HCC with medium-to-high accuracy. Then, the median risk score from the TCGA cohort was utilized; the prognostic gene model was also accurate in Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) cohort. The functional enrichment analysis indicated that the oncogenic properties are associated with prominent hallmarks of cancer. The ssGSEA analyses and TIMER database indicated that immune infiltration tumor microenvironment in the HCC. In conclusion, our findings provide a foundation for further research targeting PRGs and their immune microenvironment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros , Prognóstico , Piroptose/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
9.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e937023, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510492

RESUMO

The authors requested replacing Figure 2 as there was an error. The details of this error are as follows: Representative picture of transwell migration assay, A549 control group (Figure 2E). Representative picture of wound healing assay, 24h, A549 negative control group (Figure 2C). The above pictures were repeated within their own group (control group and negative control group). Representative picture of wound healing assay, 0h, A549 si-PHB2 group (Figure 2C). The authors used the wrong picture during data handling. Changes do not influence the results of the paper. In the original experiment, H1299 and A549 cells were divided into 4 groups (Control, si-PHB2, +PHB2, and negative control). Transwell migration assay and wound healing assay were performed 5 times. In addition, these results have been repeated by another research group (PHB2 promotes tumorigenesis via RACK1 in non-small cell lung cancer, Theranostics 2021, Vol. 11, Issue 7). Reference: Han Zhang, Chuntong Yin, Xin Liu, Xue Bai, Lei Wang, Honglin Xu, Jin Ju, Linyou Zhang. Prohibitin 2/PHB2 in Parkin-Mediated Mitophagy: A Potential Therapeutic Target for Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma.  Med Sci Monit. 2020; 26: e923227. DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923227.

10.
Clin Respir J ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to investigate the clinical value and characteristics of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) using flow cytometry. METHODS: The absolute counts of T, CD4+ T, CD8+ T, natural killer (NK), NKT and B lymphocytes in 217 cases of PTB were detected, and the variations in lymphocyte subset counts between different ages and genders and between aetiological detection results and chest radiography results were analysed. RESULTS: In 75.3% of the patients with PTB, six subset counts were lower than the normal reference range, and 44% showed lower-than-normal CD4+ T lymphocyte levels. The counts of T, CD4+ T, CD8+ T and B lymphocytes were significantly lower in patients aged >60 years, and the NKT cell counts were significantly lower in female patients than in male patients. Among the patients with positive aetiological results, 40.8% had reduced CD8+ T counts; these were significantly lower than those in patients with negative aetiological results (P = 0.0295). The cell counts of T, CD4+ T, CD8+ T and B lymphocytes reduced as lesion lobe numbers increased. The counts of T, CD4+ T and CD8+ T lymphocytes were significantly higher in the group with lesions affecting one lobe than in the groups with two to three lobes or four to five lobes, and the counts of B lymphocytes were significantly higher in the group with one lobe and the group with two to three lobes than in the group with four to five lobes. The counts of CD4+ T and CD8+ T lymphocytes were highest in the no cavity group and showed a downward trend with the increase in cavities; the T lymphocyte count was significantly higher in the no cavity group than in the group with five or more cavities (P = 0.014), and the CD8+ T lymphocyte count was significantly higher in the no cavity group than in the group with one to two cavities and the group with five or more cavities (P = 0.001 and 0.01, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In most patients with tuberculosis, immune function is impaired. The absolute counts of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets are closely related to the aetiological results and lesion severity in patients with PTB; this could be used as evidence for immune intervention and monitoring curative effects.

11.
Oncol Rep ; 47(6)2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543152

RESUMO

After the publication of the article, an interested reader drew to the authors' attention that there appeared to be a pair of overlapping data panels in Fig. 4C on p. 1726 [specifically, the 'Untransfected' and 'Control shRNA' data panels for the ADM (24 h) experiments]. The authors have consulted their original data, and have realized that this figure was inadvertently assembled incorrectly. Furthermore, they have noticed that Fig. 1 on p. 1724 also contained errors that arose during its assembly; essentially, several of the data panels in Fig. 1C, showing the detection of FANCD2 focus formation via immunofluorescence experiments, were selected inappropriately. The corrected versions of Figs. 1 and 4, containing the corrected data panels for Figs. 1C and 4C respectively, are shown on the next page. Note that these errors did not affect the results or the conclusions reported in this work. The authors all agree to this Corrigendum, and are grateful to the Editor of Oncology Reports for allowing them to have the opportunity to correct these mistakes. Lastly, the authors apologize to the readership for any inconvenience these errors may have caused. [Oncology Reports 29: 1721­1729, 2013; DOI: 10.3892/or.2013.2295].

13.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 195, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551643

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of death and disability in the world. Currently, most patients cannot choose intravenous thrombolysis or intravascular mechanical thrombectomy because of narrow therapeutic windows and severe complications. Stem cell transplantation is an emerging treatment and has been studied in various central nervous system diseases. Animal and clinical studies showed that transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could alleviate neurological deficits and bring hope for ischemic stroke treatment. This article reviewed biological characteristics, safety, feasibility and efficacy of MSCs therapy, potential therapeutic targets of MSCs, and production process of Good Manufacturing Practices-grade MSCs, to explore the potential therapeutic targets of MSCs in the process of production and use and provide new therapeutic directions for ischemic stroke.

14.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(4): 2291-2300, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559385

RESUMO

CD24 is a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored cell surface glycoprotein with a variety of immunomodulatory functions such as inhibition of thymic generation of autoreactive T cells, regulation of antigen presenting cell functions, and mediation of autoimmunity. Given the autoimmune nature of FoxP3+ regulatory T cells and their importance in autoimmune diseases, we hypothesize that CD24 regulates the generation and functions of Treg cells. Through the analysis of the Treg repertoire in two strains of CD24-deficient mice, we found that CD24 does not globally affect the thymic generation of Treg cells. However, CD24 is abundantly expressed on Treg cells, and CD24 antibody treatment of Treg cells enhances their suppressive functions. Concurrently, we observed CD24-deficient Treg cells exhibit increased suppressive functions and produce more IL-10 compared to their wild type counterparts. In addition, CD24-deficient Treg cells exhibited more potent suppressive capacity in inhibiting the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in mice. Thus, CD24 on Treg cells regulates their suppressive functions. Our findings can partially explain the resistance of EAE development in CD24-deficient mice and CD24 polymorphism-associated susceptibility of human autoimmune diseases. Further investigations regarding mechanisms of CD24 regulation of Treg function may lead to a new approach for the immunotherapy of human autoimmune diseases.

15.
Foods ; 11(9)2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564090

RESUMO

The effects of vacuum thawing (VT), ultrasound thawing (UT) and microwave thawing (MT) on the quality, protein and lipid oxidation, internal temperature distribution and microstructure of porcine longissimus lumborum were compared. The results showed that a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in quality compared with those of fresh meat (FM) occurred for all of the thawing samples, especially for the MT samples. Changes in quality of the VT and UT samples were less significant than those of the MT samples. The increases in carbonyl content and TBARS value indicated that proteins and lipids in the thawing samples were oxidized. The decreases in uniform degrees of internal temperature distributions of muscles from the thawing samples were analysed by infrared thermography. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the myofibril arrangements of thawing samples were looser than those of the FM samples with compact and ordered structure, which was proven by the obvious increase in the myofibril gap value of the thawing samples.

16.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35469057

RESUMO

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a serious microvascular complication of diabetes. Currently, the prevalence and mortality of DKD are increasing annually. However, with no effective drugs to prevent its occurrence and development, the primary therapeutic option is to control blood sugar and blood pressure. Therefore, new and effective drugs/methods are imperative to prevent the development of DKD in patients with diabetes. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with multi-differentiation potential and paracrine function have received extensive attention as a new treatment option for DKD. However, their role and mechanism in the treatment of DKD remain unclear, and clinical applications are still being explored. Given this, we here provide an unbiased review of recent advances in MSCs for the treatment of DKD in the last decade from the perspectives of the pathogenesis of DKD, biological characteristics of MSCs, and different molecular and signaling pathways. Furthermore, we summarize information on combination therapy strategies using MSCs. Finally, we discuss the challenges and prospects for clinical application.

17.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 811017, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35479307

RESUMO

Purpose: A novel once-daily divalproex-extended release (ER) dose formulation has been developed; this formulation prolongs the therapeutic serum levels of the drug, compared with the twice-daily conventional divalproex-delayed release (DR) formulation. This study aimed to systematically examine and compare the efficacy, safety, and retention rates of the ER divalproex (VPA-ER) and conventional DR divalproex (VPA-DR) formulations. Methods: Randomized control trials (RCTs) reporting the efficacy, adverse events (AEs), and medication compliance of ER and DR divalproex were searched in online databases, including PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases, by searching MeSH words and term words. Observational studies with potential biases were excluded. The meta-analysis was performed using Stata 16.0 software. Findings: Thirteen RCTs, involving 1,028 participants, were included in this meta-analysis. Efficacy, AEs, and drug retention rates were the main study outcomes. According to our study, VPA-ER presented clinically significant benefits compared with the placebo in the population with bipolar disorder (BD) (39.5% versus 27.2%, p < 0.001). A similar efficacy of VPA-ER and VPA-DR in controlling seizures was observed in epilepsy patients (87.4% versus 86.5%, p = 0.769). A significantly lower incidence of AEs was reported in the VPA-ER group than in the placebo group (26.8% versus 34.8%, p = 0.003). By contrast, there was no evidence of difference in safety between VPA-ER and VPA-DR (29.4% versus 30.5%, p = 0.750). In addition, the drug retention rate was significantly lower in the VPA-ER group than in the placebo group (76.0% versus 82.7%, p = 0.020), especially in migraine patients (p = 0.022) and in patients who were treated for fewer than 4 weeks (p = 0.018). Implications: The efficacy of VPA-ER was significantly superior to that of the placebo treatment, which provided efficacy similar to that of conventional VPA-DR. VPA-ER is well tolerated with a low rate of AEs compared to the placebo. In addition, the acceptable medicine compliance of VPA-ER was conducive to the long-term maintenance treatment of chronic diseases. Although we analyzed open labels and crossover design RCTs, large-scale multicenter studies on the efficacy and medicine compliance of new ER formulations with less AEs are required to validate our conclusion.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35463066

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to provide profiles of microorganisms isolated from bile and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of biliary tract infections (BTIs) in our center. Methods: A total of 277 patients diagnosed with BTIs at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from 2011 to 2018 were included in this study. Medical records were reviewed to obtain clinical and demographic data. Bile specimens were prepared through endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage (PTCD), and percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGD) under aseptic conditions. In those with positive bile culture results, blood cultures were concurrently conducted. The concordance of the results between bile culture and blood culture were also analysed. Results: Two hundred and sixty-seven bile cultures were positive, while 280 strains of micro-organisms were isolated. Among these, 76.8% were Gram-negative, 22.5% were Gram-positive and 0.7% were fungi. The most common microorganisms were Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Enterococcus faecalis. Gram-negative bacteria we tested were highly sensitive to ertapenem, imipenem, tigecycline, and amikacin. Gram-positive bacteria we tested were highly sensitive to tigecycline, teicoplanin, linezolid, vancomycin, and chloramphenicol. For the 44 patients with positive bile cultures, a blood culture was also performed. Among them, 29 cases yielded positive blood culture results. Among those cases with positive blood culture, 48.3% showed complete agreement with bile culture, 3.4% showed partial agreement, and 48.3% showed disagreement. The most common microorganisms in blood culture were the same as in bile culture. Additionally, the proportion of Staphylococcus epidermidis was significantly higher in blood culture (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Our study provided a comprehensive analysis of the bacteria distribution and drug resistance profiles in patients with BTIs in northern China. Further studies should be conducted to validate our findings.

19.
J Immunol ; 208(9): 2239-2245, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418466

RESUMO

IL-27 is a pleiotropic cytokine that exhibits stimulatory/regulatory functions on multiple lineages of immune cells including T lymphocytes. In this study, we demonstrate that IL-27 directly induces CCL5 production by T lymphocytes, particularly CD8+ T cells in vitro and in vivo. IL-27-induced CCL5 production is IL-27R-dependent. In CD4+ T cells, IL-27-induced CCL5 production was primarily dependent on Stat1 activation, whereas in CD8+ T cells, Stat1 deficiency does not abrogate CCL5 induction. A chromatin immunoprecipitation assay revealed that in the CCL5 promoter region, both putative Stat3 binding sites exhibit significant binding to Stat3, whereas only one out of four Stat1 binding sites displays moderate binding to Stat1. In tumor-bearing mice, IL-27 induced dramatic production of CCL5 in tumor-infiltrating T cells. IL-27-induced CCL5 appears to contribute to an IL-27-mediated antitumor effect. This is signified by diminished tumor inhibition in anti-CCL5- and IL-27-treated mice. Additionally, intratumor delivery of CCL5 mRNA using lipid nanoparticles significantly inhibited tumor growth. Thus, IL-27 induces robust CCL5 production by T cells, which contributes to antitumor activity.


Assuntos
Interleucina-27 , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Citocinas , Expressão Gênica , Lipossomos , Camundongos , Nanopartículas
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484324

RESUMO

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a disreputable pathogenic bacterium that has been proven to colonize the intestinal tract. The goal of this study is to find anti-MRSA probiotic yeast from food and evaluate its probiotic characteristics and safety. Finally, 15 strains were isolated from fruit peel with anti-MRSA ability. Using DNA sequence analysis, they were identified as the genus Hanseniaspora (7 strains) and Starmerella (8 strains). Starmerella bacillaris CC-PT4 (CGMCC No. 23573) that was isolated from the grape peel has good auto-aggregation ability and hydrophobicity, and can tolerate 0.3% bile, pH 2, simulated gastric fluid (SGF), and simulated intestinal fluid (SIF). Strikingly, Starmerella bacillaris CC-PT4, like commercial probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 (Florastor ®), can adapt to the temperature of the human body (37 ℃). After safety assessment, this strain is sensitive to amphotericin B and cannot produced ß-hemolytic activities. Overall, this study provides a new candidate for probiotic yeast with anti-MRSA ability.

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