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1.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 12(6)2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38540641

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Self-managed exercise and nutrition interventions can alleviate pre-frailty and frailty but understanding of adherence to them is lacking. This study aimed to explore the experiences of, and barriers and enablers to, a hospital-to-home self-managed combined exercise and nutrition program for hospitalised older adults living with pre-frailty and frailty. METHODS: A hybrid approach to data- and theory-driven descriptive thematic analysis identified experiences, barriers, and enablers to participation in a 3-month, self-managed, exercise-nutrition, hospital-to-home frailty-support program. Pre-frail and frail older adult patients ≥ 65 years admitted to the acute medical unit at a South Australian tertiary hospital were recruited. Individual semi-structured interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed descriptively, using the Theoretical Domains Framework. RESULTS: The nutrition component of the program found 11 common barriers and 18 common enablers. The exercise component included 14 barriers and 24 enablers. Intentions, Social influences, Environmental context/resource and Emotions served as primary barriers towards adherence to both components. Common enablers for both components included Knowledge, Social identity, Environmental context/resource, Social influences, and Emotions. CONCLUSIONS: This research revealed important factors affecting adherence to a self-managed exercise-nutrition program in pre-frail and frail older adults within the environment, resources, and emotion domains that should be considered when designing other intervention programs in this population group.

2.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 75: 103909, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308946

RESUMO

AIM: This project explored whether a nurse practitioner led mobile paediatric screening service in early learning centres could incorporate allied health and nursing students and develop their confidence in interprofessional collaboration. BACKGROUND: Interprofessional collaboration is essential for health professionals across all contexts of care, including early childhood screening and intervention that enables children to thrive. METHODS: This multi-methods study (pre-test/post-test design) was conducted with nursing, physiotherapy, occupational therapy and nutrition and dietetics students attending clinical placement within the nurse practitioner led mobile paediatric service. Data were collected via pre and post placement surveys (ISVS-21) and post placement semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Twelve students participated from July to December 2022. Survey findings demonstrated students improved inter-professional socialisation and readiness, supported by qualitative findings that uncovered unique mechanisms for how positive experiences were achieved. Unique pedagogical elements included 1) the nurse practitioner's professional attributes and 2) the mobile nature of the service leveraging learning opportunities within the shared commute. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides proof-of-concept of a placement model that facilitates interprofessional collaboration in nursing and allied health students. Further research should explore longer-term outcomes and scalability.


Assuntos
Profissionais de Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Humanos , Educação Interprofissional , Aprendizagem , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Relações Interprofissionais
3.
Clin Interv Aging ; 18: 809-825, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37220521

RESUMO

Purpose: Pre-frailty and frailty in older adults are associated with poor health outcomes and increase health-care costs, and further worsening during hospitalization. This study aimed to examine the effect of an individualized hospital to home, exercise-nutrition self-managed intervention for pre-frail and frail hospitalized older adults. Patients and Methods: Older adults admitted to an acute medical unit of a tertiary hospital in South Australia who were pre-frail or frail were recruited from September 2020 to June 2021, randomized to either control or intervention group and followed up at 3 and 6 months. The outcome variables were program adherence, frailty status by the Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) score, lower extremity physical function, handgrip strength, nutritional status, cognition, mood, health-related quality of life, risk of functional decline, unplanned readmissions. Results: Participants were 79.2 ±6.6 years old, 63% female, mostly frail (67%), with EFS of 8.6±1.9. Adherence to the inpatient and home visits/telehealth intervention were high (91±13% and 92±21%, respectively). Intention-to-treat analysis using linear regression models showed that participants in the intervention group had significantly greater reduction in EFS at 3 (-3.0; 95% CI: -4.8 to -3.0) and 6 months (-2.5; 95% CI: -3.8 to -1.0, P<0.001 for both) compared to the control group; particularly the functional performance component. There were also improvements in overall Short Physical Performance Battery score at 3 (4.0; 95% CI: 1.3 to 6.6) and 6 months (3.9; 95% CI: 1.0 to 6.9, P<0.05 for both), mini-mental state examination (2.6; 95% 0.3-4.8, P=0.029) at 3 months and handgrip strength (3.7; 95% CI: 0.2-7.1, P=0.039) and Geriatric Depression Scale, at 6 months (-2.2; 95% CI: -4.1 to -0.30, P=0.026) in the intervention group as compared to control. Conclusion: This study provided evidence of acceptability to a patient self-managed exercise-nutrition program that may benefit and alleviate pre-frailty and frailty in hospitalised older adults.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Autogestão , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Masculino , Idoso Fragilizado , Força da Mão , Transição do Hospital para o Domicílio , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Centros de Atenção Terciária
4.
PLoS One ; 18(4): e0285038, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37104503

RESUMO

Critical care healthcare professionals are at high risk in developing burnout and mental health disorders including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. High demands and the lack of resources lead to decreased job performance and organizational commitment, low work engagement, and increases emotional exhaustion and feelings of loneliness. Peer support and problem-solving approaches demonstrate promising evidence as it targets workplace loneliness, emotional exhaustion, promotes work engagement, and supports adaptive coping behaviors. Tailoring of interventions have also shown to be effective in influencing attitudes and behavior changes, attending to the individual experience and specific needs of end-users. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility and user-perceived acceptability of a combined intervention (Individualized Management Plan (IMP) and Professional Problem-Solving Peer (PPSP) debrief) in critical care healthcare professionals. This protocol was registered in the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12622000749707p). A two-arm randomized controlled trial, with pre-post-follow-up repeated measures intergroup design with 1:1 allocation ratio to either 1) treatment group-IMP and PPSP debrief, or 2) active control group-informal peer debrief. The primary outcomes will be conducted by assessing the recruitment process enrolment, intervention delivery, data collection, completion of assessment measures, user engagement and satisfaction. The secondary outcomes will explore preliminary effectiveness of the intervention using self-reported questionnaire instruments from baseline to 3-months. This study will provide the interventions' feasibility and acceptability data for critical care healthcare professionals and will be used to inform a future, large-scale trial testing efficacy.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Humanos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Projetos Piloto , Austrália , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Psicológico , Cuidados Críticos , Recursos Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act ; 20(1): 34, 2023 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36964571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toward development of a core outcome set for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of physical activity (PA) interventions for older adults, the purpose of this study was to identify outcome domains and subdomains ('what' was measured) in previously published RCTs of PA for older adults. METHODS: We conducted a rapid review and searched Ovid MEDLINE for recently- published (2015-2021), English-language, RCTs of PA interventions for older adults (mean age 60+ yrs). We limited to articles published in Web of Science top-10 journals in general and internal medicine, geriatrics and gerontology, rehabilitation, and sports science. Two reviewers independently completed eligibility screening; two other reviewers abstracted trial descriptors and study outcomes. We classified study outcomes according to the standard outcome classification taxonomy endorsed by the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials Initiative. RESULTS: Our search yielded 548 articles; 67 articles were eligible to be included. Of these, 82% were efficacy/effectiveness trials, 85% included both male and female participants, and 84% recruited community-dwelling older adults. Forty percent of articles reported on interventions that involved a combination of group and individual PAs, and 60% involved a combination of PA modes (e.g., aerobic, resistance). Trial sample size ranged from 14 to 2157 participants, with median (IQR) of 94 (57-517); 28,649 participants were included across all trials. We identified 21 unique outcome domains, spanning 4/5 possible core areas (physiological/clinical; life impact; resource use; adverse events). The five most commonly reported outcome domains were physical functioning (included in n=51 articles), musculoskeletal and connective tissue (n=30), general (n=26), cognitive functioning (n=16), and emotional functioning/wellbeing (n=14). Under these five outcome domains, we further identified 10 unique outcome subdomains (e.g., fall-related; body composition; quality of life). No outcome domains or subdomains were reported consistently in all RCTs. CONCLUSIONS: We found extensive variability in outcome domains and subdomains used in RCTs of PA for older adults, reflecting the broad range of potential health benefits derived from PA and also investigator interest to monitor a range of safety parameters related to adverse events. This study will inform development of a core outcome set to improve outcome reporting consistency and evidence quality.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Qualidade de Vida , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Crit Care Med ; 51(2): e24-e36, 2023 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661463

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Significant variations exist in the use of respiratory muscle ultrasound in intensive care with no society-level consensus on the optimal methodology. This systematic review aims to evaluate, synthesize, and compare the clinimetric properties of different image acquisition and analysis methodologies. DATA SOURCES: Systematic search of five databases up to November 24, 2021. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they enrolled at least 50 adult ICU patients, reported respiratory muscle (diaphragm or intercostal) ultrasound measuring either echotexture, muscle thickness, thickening fraction, or excursion, and evaluated at least one clinimetric property. Two independent reviewers assessed titles, abstracts, and full text against eligibility. DATA EXTRACTION: Study demographics, ultrasound methodologies, and clinimetric data. DATA SYNTHESIS: Sixty studies, including 5,025 patients, were included with 39 studies contributing to meta-analyses. Most commonly measured was diaphragm thickness (DT) or diaphragm thickening fraction (DTF) using a linear transducer in B-mode, or diaphragm excursion (DE) using a curvilinear transducer in M-mode. There are significant variations in imaging methodology and acquisition across all studies. Inter- and intrarater measurement reliabilities were generally excellent, with the highest reliability reported for DT (ICC, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.94-0.99). Pooled data demonstrated acceptable to excellent accuracy for DT, DTF, and DE to predicting weaning outcome after 48 to 72 hours postextubation (DTF AUC, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.73-0.85). DT imaging was responsive to change over time. Only three eligible studies were available for intercostal muscles. Intercostal thickening fraction was shown to have excellent accuracy of predicting weaning outcome after 48-hour postextubation (AUC, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.78-0.91). CONCLUSIONS: Diaphragm muscle ultrasound is reliable, valid, and responsive in ICU patients, but significant variation exists in the imaging acquisition and analysis methodologies. Future work should focus on developing standardized protocols for ultrasound imaging and consider further research into the role of intercostal muscle imaging.


Assuntos
Diafragma , Desmame do Respirador , Adulto , Humanos , Desmame do Respirador/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Diafragma/diagnóstico por imagem , Cuidados Críticos
7.
Front Psychol ; 13: 991946, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36248564

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to determine what, how, and under what circumstances individual-focused interventions improve well-being and decrease burnout for critical care healthcare professionals. Method: This realist approach, expert opinion interview, was guided by the Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Synthesis: Evolving Standards II (RAMESES II) guidelines. Semi-structured interviews with critical care experts were conducted to ascertain current and nuanced information on a set of pre-defined individual interventions summarized from a previous umbrella review. The data were appraised, and relationships between context, mechanisms, and outcomes were extracted, which created theory prepositions that refined the initial program theory. Results: A total of 21 critical care experts were individually interviewed. By understanding the complex interplay between organizational and personal factors that influenced intervention uptake, it was possible to decipher the most likely implementable intervention for critical care healthcare professionals. The expert recommendation suggested that interventions should be evidence-based, accessible, inclusive, and collaborative, and promote knowledge and skill development. Unique mechanisms were also required to achieve the positive effects of the intervention due to the presence of contextual factors within critical care settings. Mechanisms identified in this study included the facilitation of self-awareness, self-regulation, autonomy, collaboration, acceptance, and inclusion (to enable a larger reach to different social groups). Conclusion: This validation of a theoretical understanding of intervention that addressed well-being and burnout in critical care healthcare professionals by expert opinion demonstrated essential mechanisms and contextual factors to consider when designing and implementing interventions. Future research would benefit by piloting individual interventions and integrating these new theoretical findings to understand better their effectiveness for future translation into the "real-world" setting.

8.
BMJ Open ; 12(9): e060973, 2022 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine what, how, for whom and under what conditions individual-focused interventions are effective to improve well-being and decrease burn-out among critical care healthcare professionals. DESIGN: This study is an umbrella review that used the realist approach, using Realist and Meta-narrative Evidence Synthesis: Evolving Standards guidelines. PsycINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus, ClinicalTrials.gov and ISRCTN databases were searched for published and unpublished systematic reviews and meta-analyses literature between 2016 and 2020. The team appraised and extracted data and identified relationships between content, mechanism and outcomes (CMOs). Theory prepositions were developed using CMOs and were used to refine the existing programme. RESULTS: A total of 81 interventions from 17 reviews were mapped, including mindfulness interventions, cognitive-behavioural therapy, self-care and coping strategies. The revised programme theory determined that contextual factors such as ethnicity, workload, and work schedules play a crucial role in determining the effectiveness of interventions. Mechanisms including the interventions' interests, acceptance, and receptivity are also influential in determining engagement and adherence to the intervention. Findings suggest that the solution for burn-out is complex. However, it offers an optimistic view of tailoring and customising one or a combination of interventions, integrating structured education and components of emotional intelligence. Self-care, social support, awareness or mindfulness and self-efficacy are prime components to improve emotional intelligence and resilience for critical care healthcare professionals to improve well-being and decrease burn-out experience. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide realistic and reliable reporting of outcomes to better support implementation within the 'real world'. Future research such as seeking validation using expert opinions can provide further in depth understanding of hidden contextual factors, mechanisms and their interactions to provide a greater depth of knowledge ready for application with the critical care population.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Humanos , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Aprendizagem , Atenção à Saúde
9.
J Physiother ; 68(1): 8-25, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34953756

RESUMO

This document provides an update to the recommendations for physiotherapy management for adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the acute hospital setting. It includes: physiotherapy workforce planning and preparation; a screening tool for determining requirement for physiotherapy; and recommendations for the use of physiotherapy treatments and personal protective equipment. New advice and recommendations are provided on: workload management; staff health, including vaccination; providing clinical education; personal protective equipment; interventions, including awake proning, mobilisation and rehabilitation in patients with hypoxaemia. Additionally, recommendations for recovery after COVID-19 have been added, including roles that physiotherapy can offer in the management of post-COVID syndrome. The updated guidelines are intended for use by physiotherapists and other relevant stakeholders caring for adult patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 in the acute care setting and beyond.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hospitais , Humanos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 102(4): 664-674, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253693

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify core domains for research studies of physical activity and sedentary behavior during hospitalization for older adults with an acute medical illness. DESIGN: A 4-Round Delphi consensus process. Round 1 invited responses to open-ended questions to generate items for the core domains research. In rounds 2-4, participants were invited to use a Likert scale (1-9) to rate the importance of each core domain for research studies of physical activity and/or sedentary behavior in hospitalized older adults with an acute medical illness. SETTING: Online surveys. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 49 participants were invited to each round (international researchers, clinicians, policy makers and patients). Response rates across rounds 1-4 were 94%, 88%, 83% and 81%, respectively. INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Consensus was defined a priori as ≥70% of respondents rating an item as "critical" (score≥7) and ≤15% of respondents rating an item as "not important" (score≤3). RESULTS: In round 2, a total of 9 of 25 core domains reached consensus agreement (physical functioning, general, role functioning, emotional functioning, global quality of life, hospital, psychiatric, cognitive functioning, carer burden). In round 3, an additional 8 reached consensus (adverse events, perceived health status, musculoskeletal, social functioning, vascular, cardiac, mortality, economic). Round 4 participants provided further review and a final rating of all 17 core domains that met consensus in previous rounds. Four core domains were rated as "critically important" to evaluate: physical functioning, social functioning, emotional functioning, and hospital outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary work provides international and expert consensus-based core domains for development toward a core-outcome set for research, with the ultimate goal of fostering consistency in outcomes and reporting to accelerate research on effective strategies to address physical activity and/or sedentary behavior in older adults while hospitalized.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Idoso Fragilizado , Hospitalização , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Projetos de Pesquisa , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Idoso , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e040146, 2020 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318114

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of combined exercise-nutrition interventions in prefrail/frail hospitalised older adults on frailty, frailty-related indicators, quality of life (QoL), falls and its cost-effectiveness. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of combined exercise-nutrition interventions on hospitalised prefrail/frail older adults ≥65 years were collated from MEDLINE, Emcare, CINAHL, Ageline, Scopus, Cochrane and PEDro on 10 October 2019. The methodological quality was appraised, and data were summarised descriptively or by meta-analysis using a fixed effects model. The standardised mean difference (SMD) or difference of means (MD) with 95% CIs was calculated. RESULTS: Twenty articles from 11 RCTs experimenting exercise-nutrition interventions on hospitalised older adults were included. Seven articles were suitable for the meta-analyses. One study had low risk of bias and found improvements in physical performance and frailty-related biomarkers. Exercise interventions were mostly supervised by a physiotherapist, focusing on strength, ranging 2-5 times/week, of 20-90 min duration. Most nutrition interventions involved counselling and supplementation but had dietitian supervision in only three studies. The meta-analyses suggest that participants who received exercise-nutrition intervention had greater reduction in frailty scores (n=3, SMD 0.25; 95% CI 0.03 to 0.46; p=0.02) and improvement in short physical performance battery (SPPB) scores (n=3, MD 0.48; 95% CI 0.12 to 0.84; p=0.008) compared with standard care. Only the chair-stand test (n=3) out of the three SPPB components was significantly improved (MD 0.26; 95% CI 0.09 to 0.43; p=0.003). Patients were more independent in activities of daily living in intervention groups, but high heterogeneity was observed (I2=96%, p<0.001). The pooled effect for handgrip (n=3)±knee extension muscle strength (n=4) was not statistically significant. Nutritional status, cognition, biomarkers, QoL, falls and cost-effectiveness were summarised descriptively due to insufficient data. CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence, albeit weak, showing that exercise-nutrition interventions are effective to improve frailty and frailty-related indicators in hospitalised older adults.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade , Idoso , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Força Muscular , Qualidade de Vida
13.
Crit Care Med ; 48(10): 1427-1435, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of physical functioning is central to patient recovery from critical illness-it may enable the ability to determine recovery trajectories, evaluate rehabilitation efficacy, and predict individuals at highest risk of ongoing disability. The Physical Function in ICU Test-scored is one of four recommended physical functioning tools for use within the ICU; however, its utility outside the ICU is poorly understood. The De Morton Mobility Index is a common geriatric mobility tool, which has had limited evaluation in the ICU population. For the field to be able to track physical functioning recovery, we need a measurement tool that can be used in the ICU and post-ICU setting to accurately measure physical recovery. Therefore, this study sought to: 1) examine the clinimetric properties of two measures (Physical Function in ICU Test-scored and De Morton Mobility Index) and 2) transform these measures into a single measure for use across the acute care continuum. DESIGN: Clinimetric analysis. SETTING: Multicenter study across four hospitals in three countries (Australia, Singapore, and Brazil). PATIENTS: One hundred fifty-one ICU patients. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Physical function tests (Physical Function in ICU Test-scored and De Morton Mobility Index) were assessed at ICU awakening, ICU, and hospital discharge. A significant floor effect was observed for the De Morton Mobility Index at awakening (23%) and minimal ceiling effects across all time points (5-12%). Minimal floor effects were observed for the Physical Function in ICU Test-scored across all time points (1-7%) and a significant ceiling effect for Physical Function in ICU Test-scored at hospital discharge (27%). Both measures had strong concurrent validity, responsiveness, and were predictive of home discharge. A new measure was developed using Rasch analytical principles, which involves 10 items (scored out of 19) with minimal floor/ceiling effects. CONCLUSIONS: Limitations exist for Physical Function in ICU Test-scored and De Morton Mobility Index when used in isolation. A new single measure was developed for use across the acute care continuum.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/reabilitação , Avaliação da Deficiência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/normas , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sobreviventes
14.
Clin Rehabil ; 34(9): 1157-1172, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517508

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify interventions using wearable accelerometers to measure physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour in adults during hospitalization for an acute medical/surgical condition. DATA SOURCES: Four databases were searched in August 2019 (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, EMBASE). REVIEW METHODS: Studies were selected if they described an intervention in adults with a medical/surgical condition, and concurrently reported an accelerometer-derived measure of physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour while participants were admitted. Items were screened for eligibility in duplicate. Included studies were synthesized to describe intervention types, feasibility and potential effectiveness. RESULTS: Twenty-two studies were included, reporting on 3357 participants (2040 with accelerometer data). Identified types of interventions were: pre-habilitation (n = 2) exercise (n = 3), patient behaviour change with self-monitoring (n = 6), models of care (n = 5), implementing system change (n = 2), surgical technique (n = 2) patients wearing day clothes (n = 1) and education about activity in hospital (n = 1). Of 16 studies that reported intervention effects on physical activity, 11 reported a favourable impact including studies of: pre-habilitation, self-monitoring (accelerometry or an activity whiteboard), physiotherapy, an early mobility bundle, minimally invasive surgery, an education booklet and by implementing system change. Of the six studies that reported intervention effects on sedentary behaviour, there was a favourable impact with an activity whiteboard, models of care and an education booklet. CONCLUSION: Accelerometer-derived measures of physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour have been used to describe sample characteristics and intervention effects in studies of hospitalized adults. Interventions may involve a range of health professionals, but less is known about sedentary behaviour in this setting.


Assuntos
Acelerometria , Exercício Físico , Hospitalização , Comportamento Sedentário , Humanos
15.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act ; 17(1): 69, 2020 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immobility is major contributor to poor outcomes for older people during hospitalisation with an acute medical illness. Yet currently there is no specific mobility guidance for this population, to facilitate sustainable changes in practice. This study aimed to generate draft physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) recommendations for older adults' during hospitalisation for an acute medical illness. METHODS: A 4-Round online Delphi consensus survey was conducted. International researchers, medical/nursing/physiotherapy clinicians, academics from national PA/SB guideline development teams, and patients were invited to participate. Round 1 sought responses to open-ended questions. In Rounds 2-3, participants rated the importance of items using a Likert scale (1-9); consensus was defined a priori as: ≥70% of respondents rating an item as "critical" (score ≥ 7) and ≤ 15% of respondents rating an item as "not important" (score ≤ 3). Round 4 invited participants to comment on draft statements derived from responses to Rounds 1-3; Round 4 responses subsequently informed final drafting of recommendations. RESULTS: Forty-nine people from nine countries were invited to each Round; response rates were 94, 90, 85 and 81% from Rounds 1-4 respectively. 43 concepts (items) from Rounds 2 and 3 were incorporated into 29 statements under themes of PA, SB, people and organisational factors in Round 4. Examples of the final draft recommendations (being the revised version of statements with highest participant endorsement under each theme) were: "some PA is better than none", "older adults should aim to minimise long periods of uninterrupted SB during waking hours while hospitalised", "when encouraging PA and minimising SB, people should be culturally responsive and mindful of older adults' physical and mental capabilities" and "opportunities for PA and minimising SB should be incorporated into the daily care of older adults with a focus on function, independence and activities of daily living". CONCLUSIONS: These world-first consensus-based statements from expert and stakeholder consultation provide the starting point for recommendations to address PA and SB for older adults hospitalised with an acute medical illness. Further consultation and evidence review will enable validation of these draft recommendations with examples to improve their specificity and translation to clinical practice.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Hospitalização , Comportamento Sedentário , Idoso , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Physiother ; 66(2): 73-82, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312646

RESUMO

This document outlines recommendations for physiotherapy management for COVID-19 in the acute hospital setting. It includes: recommendations for physiotherapy workforce planning and preparation; a screening tool for determining requirement for physiotherapy; and recommendations for the selection of physiotherapy treatments and personal protective equipment. It is intended for use by physiotherapists and other relevant stakeholders in the acute care setting caring for adult patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Pandemias , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/normas , Pneumonia Viral/terapia
17.
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr ; 44(5): 837-848, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The potential for bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) to identify muscle weakness and functional limitations in critical illness is unknown; this study aimed to determine association of BIS with strength/function and differences between 3 intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: A retrospective post hoc analysis of BIS, strength, and functional data from adults who required ≥48 hours of mechanical ventilation was conducted. Measures of body composition included the proportion (%) of total body water (TBW), fat mass (FM), and fat-free mass (FFM). The Medical Research Council sum score (MRC-ss) and Physical Function in ICU Test-Scored (PFIT-s) were used for strength and functional assessments. Nonparametric cross-sectional analyses were done at enrollment (≤48 hours of admission: site-A, site-C) and awakening from sedation (site-A, site-B). Raw impedance variables including 50-kHz phase angle (PA) and impedance ratio (IR) were available from site-A and site-B. RESULTS: Participants were 135 adults (site-A n=59, site-B n=33, site-C n=44), with a median (interquartile range) age of 59 (50-69) years. At enrollment, TBW%, FM%, and FFM% were similar between site-A and site-C (P>.05); pooled data were not associated with MRC-ss at awakening or MRC-ss/PFIT-s at ICU discharge. At awakening, there was less TBW%, less FFM%, and greater FM% at site-B vs site-A (P≤.001) but no associations with MRC-ss/PFIT-s when using pooled data. Trends with pooled data of a lower PA and higher IR being associated with awakening MRC-ss were confirmed within site-B (PA ρ=0.70, P≤.001; IR ρ=-0.79, P≤.001). CONCLUSION: Site-by-site data suggest that raw impedance variables might be useful for screening weakness and poor function.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Debilidade Muscular , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Impedância Elétrica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Debilidade Muscular/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise Espectral
18.
Aust Crit Care ; 33(3): 272-280, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical function is often poor in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors, yet objective descriptions of sedentary behaviour and physical activity during acute hospitalisation are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine sedentary and activity patterns during patients' hospital-based recovery from a critical illness and associations with physical function, muscle strength, and length of stay (LOS). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in a tertiary ICU and acute hospital wards, which recruited 40 adults who required ≥5 days of mechanical ventilation. Data were collected at awakening (T1), ICU discharge (T2), and hospital discharge (T3), which included monitoring of body posture (sedentary behaviour) using the activPAL and activity intensity using the GENEActiv. Data were reported as time spent lying/sitting and upright, with the number of sit-to-stand transitions and upright bouts. Statistical analysis was conducted using repeated-measures analysis of variance and Spearman's rho. RESULTS: From awakening to hospital discharge (T1-T3, n = 23), there was a mean [95% confidence interval] decrease in % time spent lying/sitting (-3.0% [-4.6% to1.4%], p ≤ 0.001) corresponding to increased time spent upright (43.0 min [19.9, 66.1], p ≤ 0.001). Sit-to-stand transitions increased (18 [11, 28], p ≤ 0.001). The number of upright bouts ≥2 and ≥ 5 min increased (both p ≤ 0.001), but only from ICU to hospital discharge (T2-T3, 5.3 [3.1, 7.6] and 2.3 [0.9, 3.8] respectively). At ICU discharge (T2), less % of time spent lying/sitting, more minutes spent upright, and more transitions were associated with better physical function (Physical Function in Intensive Care Test-scored and de Morton Mobility Index; all rho ≥+/-0.730, p ≤ 0.001) and muscle strength (hand grip, Medical Research Council sum-score; all rho≥+/-0.505, p ≤ 0.001). There were no associations between accelerometry and hospital LOS. CONCLUSIONS: ICU survivors' transition from highly sedentary behaviour to low intensity activity over their acute hospitalisation. Sedentary breaks may be not spread over the day such that modifying sedentary behaviour to break up prolonged lying/sitting may be a focus for future research. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02881801.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Exercício Físico , Comportamento Sedentário , Sobreviventes , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial , Austrália do Sul
19.
Physiother Can ; 70(1): 57-63, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29434419

RESUMO

Purpose: We estimated the agreement of a thigh-worn accelerometer, the activPAL, used to measure activity and sedentary parameters, with observed mobility assessments of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. Method: We prospectively compared activPAL measurements with direct observation during assessments at discharge from the ICU or acute hospital in eight participants with a median age of 56 (1st-3rd quartile 48-65) years and an Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score of 23 (1st-3rd quartile 17-24). Frequency of sit-to-stand transitions; time spent standing, stepping, upright (standing and stepping), and sedentary (lying/sitting); and total steps were described; analysis was performed using Bland-Altman plots and calculating the absolute percent error. Results: All sit-to-stand transitions were accurately detected. The mean difference on the Bland-Altman plots suggested an overestimation of standing time with the activPAL of 31 (95% CI: -9, 71) seconds and underestimation of stepping time by 25 (95% CI: -47, -3) seconds. The largest median absolute percent errors were for standing time (21.9%) and stepping time (18.7%); time spent upright (1.7%) or sedentary (0.3%) was more accurately estimated. The activPAL underestimated total steps per session, achieving the largest percent error (70.8%). Conclusion: Because it underestimated step count, the activPAL likely incorrectly recorded stepping time as standing time, so that time spent upright was the measure of activity with the smallest error. Sedentary behaviour, including frequency of transitions, was validly assessed.


Objectif : évaluer l'efficacité d'un accéléromètre porté sur la cuisse, l'activPAL, pour mesurer les paramètres d'activité et de comportement sédentaire par l'évaluation de la mobilité observée chez des survivants d'une unité de soins intensifs (USI). Méthodologie : les chercheurs ont procédé à la comparaison prospective du moniteur activPAL pour orienter l'observation de huit participants ayant un âge médian de 56 ans (premier au troisième quartile de 48 à 65 ans) et un score APACHE II de 23 (premier au troisième quartile de 17 à 24 ans) au moment des évaluations au congé de l'USI ou d'un hôpital de soins aigus. Ils ont décrit la fréquence des transitions assis-debout, le temps passé en position debout, les pas, la position verticale (position debout et pas) et les comportements sédentaires (couché, assis), de même que le total des pas. Ils ont effectué une analyse à l'aide du graphique de Bland-Altman et calculé l'erreur absolue en pourcentage. Résultats : toutes les transitions assis-debout ont été décelées correctement. La différence moyenne (IC à 95%) sur le graphique de Bland-Altman laissait croire à une surestimation de 31 secondes (IC à 95 % : −9 à 71) du temps passé en position debout selon le moniteur activPAL et à une sous-estimation de 25 secondes (IC à 95 % : −47 à −3) du temps passé à faire des pas. Le pourcentage d'erreur absolue médian le plus important touchait le temps passé en position debout (21,9 %) et le temps passé à faire des pas (18,7 %). L'évaluation du temps passé en position verticale (1,7 %) ou du comportement sédentaire (0,3 %) était plus précis. Le moniteur activPAL sous-estimait le nombre total de pas par séance, ce qui correspondait au plus grand pourcentage d'erreur (70,8 %). Conclusion : puisqu'il sous-estimait le nombre de pas, il est fort probable que le moniteur activPAL enregistrait à tort le temps passé à faire des pas comme s'il s'agissait de temps en position debout, de manière que la période passée en position verticale était la mesure d'activité comportant le plus petit taux d'erreur. L'évaluation du comportement sédentaire, y compris la fréquence des transitions, était valide.

20.
Phys Ther ; 97(11): 1044-1065, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29077906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviors have significant and independent effects on health. The use of wearable monitors to measure these constructs in people who are hospitalized with an acute illness is rapidly expanding, but has not been systematically described. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the use of accelerometer monitoring with inpatients who are acutely ill, including what activity and sedentary behaviors have been measured and how active or sedentary inpatients are. DATA SOURCES: Databases used were MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Scopus. STUDY SELECTION: Quantitative studies of adults with an acute medical or surgical hospital admission, on whom an accelerometer was used to measure a physical activity or sedentary behavior, were selected. DATA EXTRACTION AND DATA SYNTHESIS: Procedures were completed independently by 2 reviewers, with differences resolved and cross-checked by a third reviewer. Forty-two studies were identified that recruited people who had medical diagnoses (n = 10), stroke (n = 5), critical illness (n = 3), acute exacerbations of lung disease (n = 7), cardiac conditions (n = 7), or who were postsurgery (n = 10). Physical activities or sedentary behaviors were reported in terms of time spent in a particular posture (lying/sitting, standing/stepping), active/inactive, or at a particular activity intensity. Physical activity was also reported as step count, number of episodes or postural transitions, and bouts. Inpatients spent 93% to 98.8% (range) of their hospital stay sedentary, and in most studies completed <1,000 steps/day despite up to 50 postural transitions/day. No study reported sedentary bouts. Many studies controlled for preadmission function as part of the recruitment strategy or analysis or both. LIMITATIONS: Heterogeneity in monitoring devices (17 models), protocols, and variable definitions limited comparability between studies and clinical groups to descriptive synthesis without meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Hospitalized patients were highly inactive, especially those with medical admissions, based on time and step parameters. Accelerometer monitoring of sedentary behavior patterns was less reported and warrants further research.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Hospitalização , Postura , Comportamento Sedentário , Acelerometria , Adulto , Humanos
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