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1.
Australas Psychiatry ; 31(6): 771-775, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37965756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to highlight principles of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) that can provide a framework in the management of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and outline some guiding principles in the effective management of these patients on a busy acute inpatient ward. CONCLUSIONS: The inpatient environment is often a place where invalidating experiences can occur. These include feeling ignored, misunderstood and where private experiences are trivialised or denied. Patients with BPD are extremely sensitive to these experiences and are likely to decompensate if strategies are not in place to facilitate a more validating experience during admission. The proposed guidelines are feasible to implement and support a cohesive treatment team and collaborative patient-centred care which is likely to improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético , Humanos , Terapia Comportamental , Pacientes Internados , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Hospitais , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Schizophr Res ; 80(1): 117-30, 2005 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15978778

RESUMO

The Nottingham Onset Schedule (NOS) is a short, guided interview and rating schedule to measure onset in psychosis. Onset is defined as the time between the first reported/observed change in mental state/behaviour to the development of psychotic symptoms. Onset is conceptualised as comprising of (i) a prodrome of two parts: a period of 'unease' followed by 'non-diagnostic' symptoms; (ii) appearance of psychotic symptoms; and (iii) a build-up of diagnostic symptoms leading to a definite diagnosis. Twenty consecutive cases of first-episode psychosis were administered the NOS schedule to determine its psychometric properties including inter-rater and test-retest reliability. Its clinical and research potential as a reliable measure of duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) was assessed in a cohort of 99 cases of first-episode psychosis (56 schizophrenia, 43 affective psychoses). NOS identified all prodromal symptoms previously reported in other studies. There was high degree of inter-rater and test-retest reliability for all components of NOS. Duration of untreated psychosis was significantly longer (p<0.05) in schizophrenia (mean 179 days, S.D. 344; median 52 days) than in affective psychosis (mean 15 days, S.D. 116; median 12 days) but there were no gender differences between lengths of prodrome or treatment delays. The NOS provides a standardised and reliable way of recording early changes in psychosis and identifying relatively precise time points for measuring several durations in emerging psychosis. The scale is easy to use and is not time-consuming or labour intensive. Onset, as measured by NOS, is significantly longer in schizophrenic disorders than in affective psychosis. A small proportion of schizophrenia cases have very long DUP. Some cases with schizophrenia receive anti-psychotics in the prodromal phase, prior to the emergence of frank psychotic symptoms.


Assuntos
Entrevista Psicológica , Transtornos Psicóticos , Adulto , Idade de Início , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Psicometria , Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Psicóticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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