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1.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 13(23)2023 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38063746

RESUMO

Lead chalcogenide nanoplatelets (NPLs) have emerged as a promising material for devices operating in the near IR and IR spectrum region. Here, we first apply the cation exchange method to PbSe/PbS core/shell NPL synthesis. The shell growth enhances NPL colloidal and environmental stability, and passivates surface trap states, preserving the main core physical properties. To prove the great potential for optoelectrical applications, we fabricate a photoconductor using PbSe/PbS NPLs. The device demonstrates enhanced conductivity and responsivity with fast rise and fall times, resulting in a 13 kHz bandwidth. The carrier transport was investigated with the field effect transistor method, showing p-type conductivity with charge mobility of 1.26 × 10-2 cm2·V-1·s-1.

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 13(23)2023 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38063771

RESUMO

The challenge of continuous CaCO3 particle synthesis is addressed using microfluidic technology. A custom microfluidic chip was used to synthesize CaCO3 nanoparticles in vaterite form. Our focus revolved around exploring one-phase and two-phase synthesis methods tailored for the crystallization of these nanoparticles. The combination of scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, dynamic light scattering, and small-angle scattering allowed for an evaluation of the synthesis efficiency, including the particle size distribution, morphology, and polymorph composition. The results demonstrated the superior performance of the two-phase system when precipitation occurred inside emulsion microreactors, providing improved size control compared with the one-phase approach. We also discussed insights into particle size changes during the transition from one-phase to two-phase synthesis. The ability to obtain CaCO3 nanoparticles in the desired polymorph form (∼50 nm in size, 86-99% vaterite phase) with the possibility of scaling up the synthesis will open up opportunities for various industrial applications of the developed two-phase microfluidic method.

3.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 13(24)2023 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38133020

RESUMO

We report the development of multifunctional core/shell chemical vapor deposition diamond nanoparticles for the local photoinduced hyperthermia, thermometry, and fluorescent imaging. The diamond core heavily doped with boron is heated due to absorbed laser radiation and in turn heats the shell of a thin transparent diamond layer with embedded negatively charged SiV color centers emitting intense and narrowband zero-phonon lines with a temperature-dependent wavelength near 738 nm. The heating of the core/shell diamond nanoparticle is indicated by the temperature-induced spectral shift in the intensive zero-phonon line of the SiV color centers embedded in the diamond shell. The temperature of the core/shell diamond particles can be precisely manipulated by the power of the incident light. At laser power safe for biological systems, the photoinduced temperature of the core/shell diamond nanoparticles is high enough to be used for hyperthermia therapy and local nanothermometry, while the high zero-phonon line intensity of the SiV color centers allows for the fluorescent imaging of treated areas.

4.
Org Biomol Chem ; 21(14): 2905-2909, 2023 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36942668

RESUMO

Trehalase is an important enzyme in the metabolic cascades of many organisms, catalysing the hydrolysis of the disaccharide trehalose. Herein we describe the first examples of fluorometric nanoprobes for detection of trehalase, based on trehalose-functionalised quantum dots (QDs). QDs cross-linked with trehalose form aggregates, which are released upon enzymatic cleavage of the trehalose glycosidic bond proportionally to the enzyme concentration, offering a unique and efficient approach for specific sensing of this biologically important enzyme.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Trealose , Trealose/química , Trealase/química , Trealase/metabolismo , Dissacarídeos/metabolismo
5.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(23)2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36500012

RESUMO

Recently, nanodiamonds with negatively charged luminescent color centers based on atoms of the fourth group (SiV-, GeV-) have been proposed for use as biocompatible luminescent markers. Further improvement of the functionality of such systems by expanding the frequencies of the emission can be achieved by the additional formation of luminescent tungsten complexes in the diamond matrix. This paper reports the creation of diamond matrices by a hot filament chemical vapor deposition method, containing combinations of luminescing Si-V and Ge-V color centers and tungsten complexes. The possibility is demonstrated of creating a multicolor light source combining the luminescence of all embedded emitters. The emission properties of tungsten complexes and Si-V and Ge-V color centers in the diamond matrices were investigated, as well as differences in their luminescent properties and electron-phonon interaction at different temperatures.

6.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(23)2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36500819

RESUMO

Doping the semiconductor nanocrystals is one of the most effective ways to obtain unique materials suitable for high-performance next-generation optoelectronic devices. In this study, we demonstrate a novel nanomaterial for the near-infrared spectral region. To do this, we developed a partial cation exchange reaction on the HgTe nanoplatelets, substituting Hg cations with Pb cations. Under the optimized reaction conditions and Pb precursor ratio, a photoluminescence band shifts to ~1100 nm with a quantum yield of 22%. Based on steady-state and transient optical spectroscopies, we suggest a model of photoexcitation relaxation in the HgTe:Pb nanoplatelets. We also demonstrate that the thin films of doped nanoplatelets possess superior electric properties compared to their pristine counterparts. These findings show that Pb-doped HgTe nanoplatelets are new perspective material for application in both light-emitting and light-detection devices operating in the near-infrared spectral region.

7.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(10)2022 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35629616

RESUMO

The investigation of the hot filament chemical vapor deposition nanodiamonds with simultaneously embedded luminescent GeV- and SiV- color centers from solid sources showed that both the absolute and relative intensities of their zero-phonon lines (at 602 and 738 nm) depend on nanodiamond growth conditions (a methane concentration in the CH4/H2 gas mixture, growth temperature, and time). It is shown that a controlled choice of parameters of hot filament chemical vapor deposition synthesis makes it possible to select the optimal synthesis conditions for tailoring bicolor fluorescence nanodiamond labels for imaging biological systems.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(11)2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34835578

RESUMO

The negatively charged germanium-vacancy GeV- color centers in diamond nanocrystals are solid-state photon emitters suited for quantum information technologies, bio-sensing, and labeling applications. Due to the small Huang-Rhys factor, the GeV--center zero-phonon line emission is expected to be very intensive and spectrally narrow. However, structural defects and the inhomogeneous distribution of local strains in the nanodiamonds result in the essential broadening of the ZPL. Therefore, clarification and elimination of the reasons for the broadening of the GeV- center ZPL is an important problem. We report on the effect of reactive ion etching in oxygen plasma on the structure and luminescence properties of nanodiamonds grown by hot filament chemical vapor deposition. Emission of GeV- color centers ensembles at about 602 nm in as-grown and etched nanodiamonds is probed using micro-photoluminescence and micro-Raman spectroscopy at room and liquid nitrogen temperature. We show that the etching removes the nanodiamond surface sp2-induced defects resulting in a reduction in the broad luminescence background and a narrowing of the diamond Raman band. The zero-phonon luminescence band of the ensemble of the GeV- centers is a superposition of narrow lines originated most likely from the GeV- center sub-ensembles under different uniaxial local strain conditions.

9.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(37): 8991-8998, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514804

RESUMO

Halide perovskite nanomaterials are widely used in optoelectronics and photonics due to their outstanding luminescent properties, whereas their strong multiphoton absorption makes them prospective for bioimaging. Nonetheless, instability of perovskites in aqueous solutions is an important limitation that prevents their application in biology and medicine. Here, we demonstrate fluorescence and upconversion imaging in living cells by employing CsPbBr3 nanocrystals (NCs) that show an improved water-resistance (at least for 24 h) after their coating as individual particles with various silica-based shells. The obtained phTEOS-TMOS@CsPbBr3 NCs possess high quality, which we confirm with high-resolution transmission and scanning transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, Fourier-transform infrared and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopies, as well as with fluorescence optical microscopy. The developed platform can make the halide perovskite NCs suitable for various bioimaging applications.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio/química , Nanopartículas/química , Óxidos/química , Titânio/química , Água/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Lasers , Camundongos , Microscopia Confocal , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Dióxido de Silício/química
10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(31): 36737-36746, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313441

RESUMO

Real-time temperature monitoring within biological objects is a key fundamental issue for understanding the heating process and performing remote-controlled release of bioactive compounds upon laser irradiation. The lack of accurate thermal control significantly limits the translation of optical laser techniques into nanomedicine. Here, we design and develop hybrid (complex) carriers based on multilayered capsules combined with nanodiamonds (NV centers) as nanothermometers and gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) as nanoheaters to estimate an effective laser-induced temperature rise required for capsule rupture and further release of cargo molecules outside and inside cancerous (B16-F10) cells. We integrate both elements (NV centers and Au NPs) in the capsule structure using two strategies: (i) loading inside the capsule's cavity (CORE) and incorporating them inside the capsule's wall (WALL). Theoretically and experimentally, we show the highest and lowest heat release from capsule samples (CORE or WALL) under laser irradiation depending on the Au NP arrangement within the capsule. Applying NV centers, we measure the local temperature of capsule rupture inside and outside the cells, which is determined to be 128 ± 1.12 °C. Finally, the developed hybrid containers can be used to perform the photoinduced release of cargo molecules with simultaneous real-time temperature monitoring inside the cells.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Polímeros/química , Termometria/métodos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Ouro/química , Ouro/efeitos da radiação , Ouro/toxicidade , Indóis/química , Luz , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/efeitos da radiação , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Polímeros/toxicidade , Temperatura , Termometria/instrumentação
11.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(4)2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32290368

RESUMO

Hybrid nanomaterials based on graphene and PbS quantum dots (QDs) have demonstrated promising applications in optoelectronics. However, the formation of high-quality large-area hybrid films remains technologically challenging. Here, we demonstrate that ligand-assisted self-organization of covalently bonded PbS QDs and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) can be utilized for the formation of highly uniform monolayers. After the post-deposition ligand exchange, these films demonstrated high conductivity and photoresponse. The obtained films demonstrate a remarkable improvement in morphology and charge transport compared to those obtained by the spin-coating method. It is expected that these materials might find a range of applications in photovoltaics and optoelectronics.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 617, 2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30679451

RESUMO

Quantum dots (QDs) have been envisaged as very promising materials for the development of advanced optical sensors. Here we report a new highly porous luminescent material based on colloidal QDs for potential applications in optical sensing devices. Bulk flower-like porous structures with sizes of hundreds of microns have been produced by slow destabilization of QD solution in the presence of a non-solvent vapor. The porous highly luminescent material was formed from CdSe QDs using the approach of non-solvent destabilization. This material demonstrated a 4-fold decrease in PL signal in the presence of the ammonia vapor. The relationship between the destabilization rate of QDs in solution and the resulting morphology of structural elements has been established. The proposed model of bulk porous flower-like nanostructured material fabrication can be applied to nanoparticles of different nature combining their unique properties. This research opens up a new approach to design novel multi-component composite materials enabling potential performance improvements of various photonic devices.

13.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(24)2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888184

RESUMO

Graphene-quantum dot nanocomposites attract significant attention for novel optoelectronic devices, such as ultrafast photodetectors and third-generation solar cells. Combining the remarkable optical properties of quantum dots (QDs) with the exceptional electrical properties of graphene derivatives opens a vast perspective for further growth in solar cell efficiency. Here, we applied (3-mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane functionalized reduced graphene oxide (f-rGO) to improve the QDs-based solar cell active layer. The different strategies of f-rGO embedding are explored. When f-rGO interlayers are inserted between PbS QD layers, the solar cells demonstrate a higher current density and a better fill factor. A combined study of the morphological and electrical parameters of the solar cells shows that the improved efficiency is associated with better layer homogeneity, lower trap-state densities, higher charge carrier concentrations, and the blocking of the minor charge carriers.

14.
Nanotechnology ; 27(39): 395606, 2016 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27560659

RESUMO

Nanodiamonds with the 'diamond' 1332.5 cm(-1) Raman line as narrow as 1.8 cm(-1) have been produced by reactive ion etching in oxygen plasma of heteroepitaxial diamond particles grown by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (MWPECVD) on silicon. After the etching, a doublet is recorded in the zero-phonon line photoluminescence spectra of an ensemble of silicon-vacancy (SiV) centres at 10 K. Each line of the doublet is split into two lines corresponding to the optical transitions between the split excited and ground energy levels of the SiV centres. These Raman and photoluminescent features have been observed previously only in low-strain homoepitaxial diamond films and single-crystal diamond.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 111(20): 203001, 2013 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24289679

RESUMO

We propose an efficient protocol for braiding Majorana fermions realized as edge states in atomic wire networks, and demonstrate its robustness against experimentally relevant errors. The braiding of two Majorana fermions located on one side of two adjacent wires requires only a few local operations on this side which can be implemented using local site addressing available in current experiments with cold atoms and molecules. Based on this protocol we provide an experimentally feasible implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm for two qubits in a topologically protected way.

16.
Phys Rev Lett ; 111(17): 173004, 2013 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24206486

RESUMO

We present evidence for Majorana edge states in a number conserving theory describing a system of spinless fermions on two wires that are coupled by pair hopping. Our analysis is based on a combination of a qualitative low energy approach and numerical techniques using the density matrix renormalization group. In addition, we discuss an experimental realization of pair-hopping interactions in cold atom gases confined in optical lattices.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 105(7): 073202, 2010 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20868041

RESUMO

Analytic expressions describe universal elastic and reactive rates of quasi-two-dimensional and quasi-one-dimensional collisions of highly reactive ultracold molecules interacting by a van der Waals potential. Exact and approximate calculations for the example species KRb show that stability and evaporative cooling can be realized for spin-polarized fermions at moderate dipole and trapping strength, whereas bosons or unlike fermions require significantly higher dipole or trapping strengths.

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