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1.
Odontology ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324124

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between soft tissue dimensions and radial root position (RRP) classification for immediate implant placement on maxillary anterior teeth. Maxillary anterior teeth (n = 420) were analyzed in the radial plane of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. Each tooth was classified according to its RRP: class I, (IA, IB); class II (IIA, IIB) class III; class IV, and class V. Soft tissue thickness at different landmarks, supracrestal soft tissue height, and crestal bone thickness were measured in CBCT. Keratinized tissue width was clinically measured. Gingival phenotype (thick or thin) was evaluated by transparency of the periodontal probe and at the landmark 2 mm from the gingival margin in CBCT. Class I tooth position accounted for 31.7%, class II for 45%, class III for 13.3%, class IV for 0.5%, and class V for 9.5%. The gingival phenotype was associated with RRP (χ2 test, p < 0.05). Soft tissue dimensions were significantly different over RRP classes (ANOVA and Tukey tests, p < 0.05). Types IA and IIA presented both thick soft and hard tissues. When planning immediate implants in the anterior maxilla, soft tissue dimensions evaluation should be incorporated into RRP classification to increase the accuracy and predictability of treatment outcomes.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37655973

RESUMO

This study aimed at determining the correlation between gingival stippling (GS) and other phenotypical characteristics. Adult subjects in need of cone-beam computed tomography scans (CBCT) and comprehensive dental treatment in the maxillary anterior region were recruited. Facial gingival thickness [GT] and buccal bone thickness [BT] were assessed utilizing CBCT. Standardized intraoral photographs were obtained to determine keratinized tissue width (KTW), presence of GS in all facial and interproximal areas between the maxillary canines, and other variables of interest, such as gingival architecture (GA), tooth shape, and location. Statistical analyses to assess different correlations among recorded variables were conducted. A total of 100 participants and 600 maxillary anterior teeth constituted the study population and sample, respectively. Facial GS was observed in 56% of males and 44% of females, and it was more frequently associated with flat GA, triangular and square/tapered teeth, central incisors, and males. Greater mean values of GT, BT, and KTW were observed in facial areas that exhibited GS. Interdental GS was present in 73% of the sites and it was more frequently observed in males, the central incisor region, and when facial GS was present. Multilevel logistic regression revealed a statistically significant association between the presence of GS and KTW, BT measured at 3mm apical to the bone crest, and tooth type. This information can be used in the recognition of common periodontal phenotypical patterns associated with specific features of great clinical significance.

3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 27(4): 1363-1389, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36786957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify and report the current landmarks used for measuring gingival thickness (GT) in healthy maxillary anterior teeth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The protocol of this Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) 2020-compliant systematic review was registered in PROSPERO. A literature search was conducted to identify articles that met the eligibility criteria published up to 2022. The methods of assessing gingival thickness and the landmarks adopted on the studies were described. Primary outcomes were identified, and the frequency of reporting in the selected articles was calculated. Additionally, risk-of-bias assessments were performed for individual articles. RESULTS: Fifty-eight articles (34 with low risk of bias and 24 with medium risk of bias) were selected. A total of 3638 individuals had their gingival thickness measured. Thirty-nine different landmarks were adopted in the studies. Fifty-six articles with 22 landmarks were included in the meta-analysis. A higher heterogeneity was found between the studies (GT ranged from 0.48 to 2.59 mm, mean GT 1.074; 95% CI: 1.024-1.104). The 3 most used landmarks were 2 mm from gingival margin (10 studies, mean GT 1.170 mm, 95% CI: 1.085-1.254), bone crest (9 studies, mean GT 1.01 mm; 95% CI: 0.937-1.083), and cemento-enamel junction (7 studies, mean GT 1.172 mm; 95% CI: 1.105, 1.239). CONCLUSIONS: Within the limits of this study, a large heterogeneity in GT was found, and there was no consensus on the ideal landmark for GT measurement. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The landmark 2 mm from gingival margin, located at attached gingiva, can be used for GT measurement by clinical and image-based devices. This is an important step for a quantitative instead of a qualitative evaluation of phenotypes.


Assuntos
Gengiva , Maxila , Dente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Gengiva/citologia , Maxila/citologia , Colo do Dente
4.
J Periodontol ; 94(8): 944-955, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36797817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between periodontal supracrestal soft tissue dimensions (PSSTDs) and other phenotypic features in non-molar maxillary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult subjects in need of comprehensive dental treatment were recruited. Periodontal phenotypic variables (i.e., facial and palatal gingival thickness [GT], alveolar bone thickness [BT], and PSSTDs, namely distance from the gingival margin to the bone crest defined as periodontal supracrestal tissue height [PSTH] and distance from the cementoenamel junction to the bone crest [CEJ-BC]) were recorded using cone-beam computed tomography scans. Standardized intraoral photographs were obtained to assess facial keratinized tissue width (KTW) and other anatomical parameters (i.e., tooth type, gingival architecture, and interproximal papilla height). RESULTS: The study sample was constituted of 87 participants that contributed with a total of 522 maxillary anterior teeth. Differences in mean values of PSSTDs, KTW, GT, and BT were observed between tooth types and sex. Males exhibited a thicker GT and BT, and taller PSTH and KTW compared to females. Shorter CEJ-BC was associated with shorter PSTH, wider KTW, and thicker GT and BT. Shorter PSTH was associated with thicker facial BT. Notably, BT and GT were positively correlated at both facial and palatal sites, meaning that the thicker the gingival phenotype, the thicker the bone morphotype. Facial BT and facial GT were positively correlated with KTW. A flat gingival architecture was associated with the thick periodontal phenotype. Square teeth had shorter CEJ-BC, wider KTW, and thicker GT. CONCLUSIONS: Periodontal phenotypic features vary across and within subjects, between facial and palatal sites at different apico-coronal levels, and as a function of sex and tooth type. The shorter the PSSTDs, the wider the KTW and the thicker the GT and BT. PSSTDs, particularly PSTH, should be considered an integral component of the periodontal phenotype.


Assuntos
Gengiva , Maxila , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Estudos Transversais , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Gengiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Fenótipo
5.
J Prosthet Dent ; 130(5): 705-714, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012769

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: In a prosthetically driven treatment plan, the tomographic sagittal root position in relation to the bone housing is an important factor in the decision-making process for immediate implant placement. However, other important parameters must be considered in the bone housing of each tooth, including the alveolar ridge dimensions, the buccal and the palatal bone thickness, and the root dimensions. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the relationship between the sagittal root position of maxillary anterior teeth and the bone housing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 420 maxillary anterior teeth were analyzed in 70 participants. The tomographic scans were classified as sagittal root position classes I, II, III, and IV. Measurements included buccal and palatal bone thickness, alveolar ridge height, alveolar ridge width, apical bone height, root length, and root width. The Pearson correlation, ANOVA, and Tukey post hoc tests were used to determine statistically significant differences (α=0.05). RESULTS: The sagittal root position distribution was 65.2%, 9.3%, 0.7%, and 24.8% for classes I, II, III, and IV, respectively. Bone housing measurements were significantly different in relation to the 4 sagittal root position classes (P<.05), except for alveolar ridge height. Post hoc analysis showed that, in class I, buccal bone thickness and alveolar bone height were significantly low, whereas root length and palatal bone thickness were high. The higher buccal bone thickness was found in class II, and lower alveolar ridge width and palatal bone thickness in class IV. These measurements in tooth groups were also significantly different over the sagittal root position classes (P<.05). The buccal bone thickness, palatal bone thickness, and alveolar ridge width presented different levels of correlation with alveolar ridge width over the sagittal root position classes. The buccal bone thickness and palatal bone thickness were weakly correlated in class I (r=0.163) and IV (r=0.222). CONCLUSIONS: Bone housing measurements were significantly different in relation to the sagittal root position of maxillary anterior teeth.


Assuntos
Habitação , Incisivo , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Palato , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35779974

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The psycho-emotional effects caused by the coronavirus pandemic have increased the intensity and number of cases of bruxism, for which no treatment has been considered fully effective. Botulinum neurotoxin Type A (BoNT-A) has shown positive results as an adjunct treatment of primary bruxism; however, this off-label use does not have an established protocol, and further studies are required. PURPOSE: The purpose of this updated systematic review was to analyze the clinical outcomes of BoNT-A in the management of primary bruxism in adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The review was registered under the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) registration number CRD42021287653, without funding. PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, LILACS, Cochrane Library, and Open Grey Literature databases were searched by using the Mendeley Desktop software program without language restrictions up to June 6, 2021. The risk of bias of the selected randomized clinical trials was assessed by using RoB2, and the level of evidence was measured by 2 independent researchers using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) tool. RESULTS: A total of 741 references were obtained from the 6 databases in this systematic review. The 11 randomized clinical trials selected achieved a reduction in bruxism symptoms by injecting BoNT-A into 211 participants with different protocols. The heterogeneity of the included studies did not permit a meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: All the evaluated studies supported the effectiveness of BoNT-A injections in reducing bruxism symptoms. The reduction of symptoms can be obtained with doses lower than 25U applied exclusively in the masseter muscles.

7.
J Dent ; 122: 104160, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550399

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between smile type (ST) and the periodontal phenotype (PP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical and photographic examinations of 164 participants (48 men and 116 women, mean age 22.9 ± 4.6 years) were performed, including an evaluation of ST (high, average, and low), gingival phenotype (GP) by transparency of the periodontal probe (TRAN), keratinized tissue width (KTW), gingival architecture (GA), tooth shape (TS), and papilla height (PH). A subgroup of 70 participants underwent soft-tissue cone-beam tomographic examinations (ST-CBCT), in which GP, gingival thickness (GT), buccal bone thickness (BBT), and the distances from the gingival margin and cementoenamel junction to the buccal bone crest (GM-BBC and CEJ-BBC) were evaluated. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Student's t-test, and chi-square tests, with the level of significance set at 0.05. RESULTS: High, average, and low STs were found in 31.7%, 56.7%, and 11.6% of the participants, respectively. Sex (p=0.001), GP evaluated using TRAN (p=0.021) and ST-CBCT scans (p=0.009), GA (p<0.001), and TS (p=0.001), were associated with STs. The prevalence of thin GP was: 63% in low, 50% in average, and 38% in high smile types. KTW (p=0.004), PH (p<0.001), GT at different landmarks (p<0.05), CEJ-BBC (p=0.017), and GM-BBC (p=0.001) were significantly different among STs. The highest GT and KTW were found in the high-smile group, average-smile presented the higher CEJ-BBC while GM-BBC and PH, were higher in low-smile group. CONCLUSION: Periodontal phenotype components presented important difference over the smile types. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A detailed examination of smile types is an essential part of treatment planning, especially when the patient has high esthetic demands. Clinical and tomographic individual analysis of periodontal phenotypes over the smile types may be helpful for a case-by-case approach, and for the development of well-defined treatment protocols.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Estética Dentária , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gengiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Fenótipo
8.
J Periodontol ; 93(12): 1916-1928, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study assessed the role of gingival landmarks (GLs) and cutting points (CPs) for gingival phenotype (GP) determination. METHODS: Six maxillary anterior teeth (70 subjects) were evaluated using soft tissue cone-beam computed tomography (ST-CBCT). Gingival thickness was measured at different GLs: 1) tissue zone (gingival margin [GM], 1 and 2 mm apical to GM, cemento-enamel junction, above the bone crest); 2) bone zone (buccal bone crest [BBC], 1, 2, and 3 mm apical to BBC). CPs of 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, and 1.5 mm were used to discriminate between thin and thick GP. The clinical determination of GP was made based on transparency of the periodontal probe (TRAN). RESULTS: The prevalence of thin and thick GP depended on the GL and CP. Considering the CP (1 mm), thin GP at the tissue zone ranged from 99% at the GM to 10.2% above the bone crest. In the bone zone, thick GP ranged from 28% at the BBC to 6% at 3 mm apical to the BBC. The predictability of a correct assessment of GP by TRAN compared with ST-CBCT was influenced by the GLs and CPs. A slight agreement (kappa <0.2) and low accuracy (area under the curve <0.7) were found between methods. CONCLUSIONS: The determination of thin and thick GPs is related to the gingival landmarks and CPs. Further studies are required for a well-defined treatment protocol considering different gingival landmarks in tissue and bone zones. An ST-CBCT may be useful for this purpose.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Gengiva , Estudos Transversais , Gengiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Colo do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenótipo , Maxila
9.
Imaging Sci Dent ; 52(1): 75-82, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387099

RESUMO

Purpose: This cross-sectional study evaluated and categorized the tomographic sagittal root position (SRP) of the maxillary anterior teeth in a Brazilian population. Materials and Methods: Cone-beam computed tomographic scans of 420 maxillary anterior teeth of 70 patients (35 men and 35 women, mean age 25.2±5.9 years) were evaluated. The SRP was classified as class I, II, III, or IV. In class I, the root is positioned against the buccal cortical plate; in class II, the root is centered in the middle of the alveolar housing; in class III, the root is positioned against the palatal cortical plate; and in class IV, at least two-thirds of the root engage both the buccal and palatal cortical plates. Results: In total, 274 teeth (65.2%) were class I, 39 (9.3%) were class II, 3 (0.7%) were class III, and 104 (24.8%) were class IV. The frequency distribution over the teeth groups was different from the overall analysis. Important differences were found in the frequencies of classes I, II, and IV compared to other populations. Sex was not associated with the SRP classes (P=0.307). Age distribution was significantly different over the classes (P=0.004). Conclusion: The findings of this study on the distribution of SRP classes among the Brazilian population compared to other populations demonstrate that the SRP should be analyzed on a case-by-case basis for an accurate treatment plan in the maxillary anterior area.

10.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(57): 147-157, jan.-abr. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1391490

RESUMO

A gengiva oral pode ser dividida em inserida ou livre. A gengiva inserida é queratinizada e apresenta grande importância na proteção do periodonto contra inflamações, sendo importante na proteção mecânica durante à escovação e ao acúmulo de biofilme. Uma faixa de gengiva queratinizada aderida é importante para a saúde dos tecidos periodontais. Os tecidos peri-implantares tem aspecto e estruturas parecidas com o epitélio ao redor dos dentes. A faixa de mucosa queratinizada ao redor da área peri-implantar de 1 a 2mm pode diminuir o acúmulo de placa e consequentemente a peri-implantite que é um dos fatores responsáveis pela perda de implantes. Diversas técnicas têm sido utilizadas para se ter um aumento dessa faixa de mucosa queratinizada favorecendo um aumento da taxa de sucesso instalações de implantes como: enxertos gengivais livres, de tecido conjuntivo, de matriz dérmica acelular, de matriz de colágeno, membranas e implantes imediatos ao invés da técnica comum. O objetivo do estudo foi discutir as características anatômicas da mucosa aderida ao redor de implantes e sua importância para saúde peri-implantar. Para o desenvolvimento do estudo proposto de revisão da literatura, foram realizadas pesquisas em diferentes plataformas de bases de dados bibliográficos sendo: Scielo (scientific Eletronic Library online), PubMed e Google Acadêmico e livros de referência na área da Periodontia. Com base, na revisão crítica realizada, conclui-se que, quando há a presença de uma mucosa queratinizada aderida ao redor do implante maior que 1mm, os implantes apresentam melhor selamento biológico, menor acúmulo de biofilme e baixo risco para a peri-implantite.


The oral gingiva can be divided into attached or free. The attached gingiva is keratinized and is of great importance in protecting the periodontium against inflammation, being also important in mechanical protection during brushing and biofilm accumulation. A range of keratinized mucosa is important for the health of periodontal tissues. Peri-implant tissues have an appearance and structures similar to the epithelium around the teeth. The keratinized mucosa range around the peri-implant area of ​​1 to 2 mm can reduce plaque accumulation and consequently peri-implantitis, which is one of the factors responsible for implant loss. Several techniques have been used to increase this range of keratinized gingiva, favoring an increase in the success rate of implant installations such as: free gingival grafts, connective tissue, acellular dermal matrix, collagen matrix, membranes, and immediate implants. instead of the common technique. The aim of the present study was to discuss, based on the scientific literature, the anatomical characteristics of the keratinized attached mucosa around implants and their importance for peri-implant health. For the development of the proposed study of literature review, searches were carried out on different platforms of bibliographic databases, namely: Scielo (scientific Electronic Library online), PubMed and Google Scholar and reference books in ​​Periodontics. Based on the critical review performed, it was concluded that when there is a keratinized mucosa adhered around the implant greater than 1mm, the implants present better biological sealing, less biofilm accumulation and low risk for peri-implantitis.


Assuntos
Epitélio , Peri-Implantite , Gengiva , Mucosa
11.
Odontology ; 110(1): 120-126, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387774

RESUMO

This study analyzed the root trunk (RT) and the pre-furcation area (PFA) of mandibular first molars. Thirty lower first mandibular molars extracted due to advanced periodontal disease were evaluated in a high-energy spiral computerized micro-tomography. Two gutta-percha markings on the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and at the furcation entrance (FE) at buccal and lingual surfaces served as reference points for measurements of RT length, and PFA width and depth, at the levels of CEJ, 1 mm apical to CEJ, 2 mm apical to CEJ, and at the FE. The mean RT length was 2.49 mm at buccal and 3.18 mm at lingual sides. The mean widths of the PFA at CEJ, at 1 and 2 mm apical to CEJ, and at FE were 2.9, 3.4, 3.9 and 4.3 mm, respectively, while the mean depths were 0.19, 0.32, 0.57 and 1.1 mm, respectively. The PFA coincided with CEJ in 10 buccal and 10 lingual surfaces, representing 33.33% of the sample. There was a negative correlation between RT length and PFA dimensions. This study concludes that the RT length was smaller than previous studies. From the CEJ up to the furcation entrance, the PFA showed a progressive increase in width and depth. The coincidence of the PFA area beginning at the CEJ in 1/3, and the negative correlation between RT length and PFA dimensions may represent greater risk factor for the early development of furcation lesions.


Assuntos
Dente Molar , Dente , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 26(2): 1309-1321, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529147

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between the tomographic sagittal root position (SRP) of maxillary anterior teeth and periodontal phenotype (PP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy volunteers (420 teeth) were evaluated. Clinical and photographic exams included the evaluation of gingival phenotype (GP) by transparency of the periodontal probe, keratinized tissue width (KTW), gingival architecture, tooth shape, and papilla height (PH). Soft tissue tomographic scan (ST-CBCT) measurements included the SRP classification, GP, gingival thickness in the tissue zone (GT-TZ) and in the bone zone (GT-BZ), buccal bone thickness (BBT), and the distances from the gingival margin and from cementoenamel junction to the buccal bone crest (GM-BBC and CEJ-BBC). Kruskal-Wallis test and a linear regression analysis model were used. RESULTS: The frequency of SRP over the 420 teeth was 65.2% (class I), 9.3% (class II), 0.7% (class III), and 24.8% (class IV). Linear regression analysis showed that SRP is related to PP (p < 0.05). Significantly different measurements of PP parameters were found in SRP classes. The higher and lower GT and BBT were found in classes II and I, respectively. Class IV presented the highest KTW, PH, CEJ-BBC, and GM-BBC. Central incisors (CI) classes I and II were most frequently square-shaped, while 89% of CI Class IV were triangular-shaped. CONCLUSION: The SRP of maxillary anterior teeth is related to periodontal phenotype. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Clinical and ST-CBCT individual analysis of PP and SRP may be helpful for an esthetic and functional treatment plan based on soft and hard tissue thickness and tooth positioning.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Maxila , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenótipo , Raiz Dentária
13.
J Prosthet Dent ; 126(1): 33-40, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32698998

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Botulinum toxin has been used for various therapeutic and esthetic purposes for nearly 4 decades and has shown positive outcomes in patients with bruxism. However, the effectiveness of botulinum toxin injections as an alternative to traditional therapies in the management of primary bruxism is still unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze the clinical outcomes of the use of botulinum toxin type A injections in the management of primary bruxism in adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, LILIACS, Cochrane Library, and Open Grey Literature were searched without language or date restrictions until October 6, 2019. Using Mendeley Desktop software to organize the references, 2 independent researchers selected the published clinical studies (Study type) on the improvement of symptoms (Outcome) in human adults with primary bruxism (Participants/Population) who received botulinum toxin type A injections (Intervention), placebo injections, saline injections, no injections, or other treatments (Comparator(s)/Control) for the management of bruxism. RESULTS: A total of 601 references were initially obtained from the 6 databases. Six randomized clinical trials and 4 case series were selected and critically appraised according to the Fowkes and Fulton guidelines. Heterogeneity among the studies did not allow for a meta-analysis. All studies supported the efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin injections in reducing the symptoms of primary bruxism. CONCLUSIONS: Botulinum toxin type A injections are effective in the treatment of the symptoms of primary bruxism in adults. Randomized clinical trials are still needed to establish a protocol for using botulinum toxin as an alternative to traditional therapies in the management of primary bruxism.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Bruxismo , Fármacos Neuromusculares , Adulto , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapêutico , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Injeções , Fármacos Neuromusculares/uso terapêutico
14.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e031, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236326

RESUMO

Probiotic therapy is a viable alternative to chlorhexidine, a widely used antiseptic in dentistry that produces significant adverse effects. This systematic review aimed to analyze the effects of probiotics on experimental gingivitis in humans. Two independent reviewers conducted a comprehensive literature search until March 2019. Randomized clinical trials and controlled clinical trials were selected. Outcome data were extracted and critically analyzed. A total of five articles were included in the qualitative synthesis. No meta-analysis could be conducted due to the heterogeneity of the selected studies. The use of probiotics showed a slight improvement in clinical parameters. Changes in gingival crevicular fluid volume were lower in the presence of the probiotic than in the placebo group. All the studies showed that the immediate, positive effects of probiotics during the period of discontinued mechanical oral hygiene were due to the modulation of the host response, not the anti-plaque effect. Investigators should conduct randomized clinical trials to elucidate the mechanisms of probiotic action and develop improved delivery systems.


Assuntos
Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Imunomodulação , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Gengivite/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Microbiota , Placebos
15.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(3): 283-296, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535098

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the failure rate of dental implants and prosthetic restoration, complications and marginal bone loss (MBL) of implants restored with an immediate definitive abutment at the time of the implant placement, and implants that were evaluated according to a standard prosthetic protocol (SPP), which includes multiple abutment changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review followed the guidelines of the PRISMA statement (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). An electronic search with no date or language restriction was run in January 2018 in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and complemented with a manual search. Randomised clinical trials with at least a 12-month follow-up evaluating the use of a definitive abutment and a SPP were included. The Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias tool was used to evaluate the included studies. The outcome measures were: implant and prosthetic failure; aesthetics; complications; and peri-implant MBL. The results were pooled using a random-effect model with mean differences (MDs) for continuous outcomes and risk ratio for dichotomous outcomes with a 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: The search identified a total of 714 studies. After the screening process five studies were included in the analysis. The five studies included had a limited sample size, a short follow-up period, and four studies were considered at high risk of bias. The meta-analysis revealed that five studies using an immediate definitive abutment over a 12- to 18-month follow-up resulted in lower MBL, with a MD of -0.32 mm (95% CI -0.45 to -0.19: P < 0.0000). At the end of a 3-year follow-up two studies showed a MD of -0.33 mm (95% CI -0.63 to -0.03: P = 0.03, which also favours the definitive abutment group. Regarding implant failure rate, complications, and probing depth, no significant difference was found between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this meta-analysis, reducing the number of abutment changes contributes to statistically significant lower MBL. However, the clinical significance of this reduction in bone loss should be interpreted with caution. A high implant success rate was reported by all studies for both control and test groups.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Seguimentos
16.
Prosthes. Lab. Sci ; 6(23): 52-56, abr.-jun. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-877443

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever uma técnica para confecção de pilar personalizado de zircônia híbrido baseado no perfil de emergência da restauração provisória através de um relato de caso clínico. O caso descrito teve a seguinte ordem de tratamento: diagnóstico e planejamento; exodontia e instalação de implante com coroa provisória imediata parafusada e preenchimento do gap com biomaterial. Após seis meses, moldagem personalizada utilizando transfer de moldagem modificado; confecção do pilar de zircônia com mesmo perfil de emergência da coroa provisória; instalação do pilar de zircônia; cimentação da coroa livre de metal. Os resultados obtidos preencheram todos os requisitos estéticos e funcionais. Concluiu-se que a técnica descrita apresenta previsibilidade e excelentes resultados estéticos.


The aim of this work was to present through a clinical case report, a technique for manufacturing a customized zirconia hybrid abutment, based on the emergency profile restoration. The case was treated following the subsequent clinical treatment protocol: diagnostic and treatment planning; extraction of 22; implant placement and immediate screw provisional crowns. After six months, fabrication of zirconia custom hybrid abutments with the same emergency profile of provisional crowns; custom hybrid abutments placement and new cemented provisional crowns on the abutments; cementation of the metal free crowns. The results met all the aesthetic and functional requirements. This technique showed predictability and excellent aesthetics results.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Coroas , Implantação Dentária/métodos , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Zircônio
17.
Implant Dent ; 25(3): 435-44, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27023410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated survival rates, marginal bone loss (MBL), and complications of using 2 to 4 implants to support full-arch fixed prostheses in the mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify relevant articles published until March 2015. Articles were critically reviewed to determine the level of quality. RESULTS: The initial search resulted in 910 articles from PubMed/MEDLINE, 162 titles from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and 363 from the Web of Science. After an initial assessment and careful reading, 19 studies published between 1999 and 2014 were included in this review. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this review suggest that full-arch fixed dental prosthesis in mandible supported by 2 to 4 implants exhibited a low rate of failures for implants and prostheses, a low rate of MBL, and a low rate of biomechanical and biological complications.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Arcada Edêntula/cirurgia , Implantação Dentária Endóssea/métodos , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante/métodos , Humanos , Arcada Edêntula/reabilitação
18.
J Periodontol ; 87(3): 281-90, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26561997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the effects of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membranes on the outcomes of clinical treatments in patients with gingival recession. METHODS: Articles that were published before June 2015 were searched electronically in four databases without any date or language restrictions and searched manually in regular journals and unpublished studies. The eligibility criteria comprised randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective controlled trials with follow-up periods of ≥ 6 months that compared the performance of PRF to other biomaterials in the treatment of Miller Class I or II gingival recessions. For the meta-analysis, the inverse variance method was used in fixed- or random-effect models, which were chosen according to heterogeneity. The estimates of the intervention effects were expressed as the mean differences in percentages or millimeters. RESULTS: Six RCTs and one prospective clinical trial are included in this review. Root coverage (RC) and clinical attachment level (CAL) did not differ significantly between the analyzed subgroups (P = 0.57 and P = 0.50, respectively). The keratinized mucosa width (KMW) gain was significantly greater (P = 0.04) in the subgroup that was treated with connective tissue grafts. CONCLUSION: The results of the meta-analysis suggest that the use of PRF membranes did not improve the RC, KMW, or CAL of Miller Class I and II gingival recessions compared with the other treatment modalities.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Plaquetas , Tecido Conjuntivo , Fibrina/uso terapêutico , Gengiva , Retração Gengival/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Full dent. sci ; 8(29): 38-42, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-909308

RESUMO

A infecção dos tecidos peri-implantares é um problema que acomete um número significativo dos pacientes submetidos a reabilitações orais com implantes osseointegrados. O tratamento das infecções dos tecidos peri-implantares visa a manutenção do implante na cavidade oral removendo as áreas infectadas, porém as terapias ressectivas normalmente levam a sequelas estéticas. A utilização de técnicas regenerativas associadas ao tratamento da peri-implantite apresentam um bom prognóstico e minimizam as complicações estéticas. O presente artigo relata um caso de tratamento da peri-implantite por meio da técnica de regeneração óssea guiada com acompanhamento de 24 meses (AU).


The infection of the tissues around the implants is a problem that affects a large number of the patients treated with osseointegrated implants. The treatment of this infections aim to maintain the viability of the implants in the oral cavity by removing the contaminated areas, however the resective therapies usually lead to poor aesthetic results. The use of regenerative techniques associated to the treatment of peri-implantitis have a good prognosis and minimize the aesthetic complications. This article reports a case of treatment of peri-implantitis through guided bone regeneration technique led to a 24-month follow-up (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Regeneração Óssea , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada Periodontal/métodos , Peri-Implantite/diagnóstico , Brasil , Radiografia Dentária/instrumentação
20.
Full dent. sci ; 7(27): 68-75, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-848453

RESUMO

A instalação de implantes imediatos em alvéolos após as exodontias requer uma série de cuidados importantes para a manutenção dos tecidos peri-implantares e, consequentemente, um adequado resultado estético. O correto posicionamento do implante é chave para o sucesso desta terapia. A cirurgia guiada confere à instalação do implante a segurança na execução do seu correto posicionamento. O presente artigo discute os benefícios da técnica de cirurgia guiada por meio da apresentação de um caso clínico (AU).


The immediate implant placement after tooth extraction has many important details for the preservation of peri-implant tissues and therefore a suitable aesthetic result. The correct positioning of the implant is the key to the success of this therapy. Guided surgery enables a safe implant installation in the proper positioning. This article discusses the benefits of guided surgery technique through a case report (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Implantação Dentária , Estética Dentária , Peri-Implantite/diagnóstico , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/instrumentação , Cirurgia Bucal , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Radiografia Dentária/métodos
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