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1.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 52(1): 65-70, 01 jan. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229176

RESUMO

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a relapsing, chronic cutaneous inflammatory disease with onset, in general, in early childhood. Chronic skin inflammation is associated with overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide and hydrogen peroxide. Oxidative stress, an imbalance between the production of free radicals and antioxidant defense, results in tissue inflammation due to the upregulation of genes that encode inflammatory cytokines. This condition plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AD. Objective: To compare the antioxidant defense in children and adolescents with AD with that of healthy individuals and to verify the association of antioxidant defense with disease severity and nutritional status. Methods: Cross-sectional study that evaluated 48 children and adolescents with AD and 25 controls for nutritional assessment (body mass index z score [BMIZ] and height for age z score [HAZ]) and levels of vitamins A, C, E, and D, zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT], glutathione peroxidase [GPx]), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 33 (IL-33). Results: There was no significant difference in the comparison between AD and control groups for serum levels of vitamins (A, D, C, and E), copper, and antioxidant enzymes. Serum zinc levels were higher in the AD group (β = 24.20; 95% CI 13.95–34.91; P < 0.001) even after adjusting the BMIZ, HAZ, gender, IL-33, and CRP. Children and adolescents with moderate or severe AD compared to mild AD (SCORAD – 36.7±17.4 vs 11.8 ± 3.9; P < 0.001) had lower values of the vitamin E/total lipid ratio (3.68 [0.29;12.63] vs 5.92 [3.27;17.37]; P = 0.013) (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Antioxidantes/sangue , Dermatite Atópica/sangue , Dermatite Atópica/imunologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Vitamina E/sangue , Vitamina K/sangue , Zinco/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estudos Transversais , Interleucina-33/imunologia , Vitamina A/sangue
2.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 52(1): 65-70, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38186195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a relapsing, chronic cutaneous inflammatory disease with onset, in general, in early childhood. Chronic skin inflammation is associated with overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide and hydrogen peroxide. Oxidative stress, an imbalance between the production of free radicals and antioxidant defense, results in tissue inflammation due to the upregulation of genes that encode inflammatory cytokines. This condition plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AD. OBJECTIVE: To compare the antioxidant defense in children and adolescents with AD with that of healthy individuals and to verify the association of antioxidant defense with disease severity and nutritional status. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that evaluated 48 children and adolescents with AD and 25 controls for nutritional assessment (body mass index z score [BMIZ] and height for age z score [HAZ]) and levels of vitamins A, C, E, and D, zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT], glutathione peroxidase [GPx]), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 33 (IL-33). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the comparison between AD and control groups for serum levels of vitamins (A, D, C, and E), copper, and antioxidant enzymes. Serum zinc levels were higher in the AD group (ß = 24.20; 95% CI 13.95-34.91; P < 0.001) even after adjusting the BMIZ, HAZ, gender, IL-33, and CRP. Children and adolescents with moderate or severe AD compared to mild AD (SCORAD - 36.7±17.4 vs 11.8 ± 3.9; P < 0.001) had lower values of the vitamin E/total lipid ratio (3.68 [0.29;12.63] vs 5.92 [3.27;17.37]; P = 0.013). CONCLUSION: Children and adolescents with AD had higher concentrations OF elevated levels of zinc compared to controls, a fact not observed for other biomarkers of antioxidant defense. AD in moderate or severe forms presented lower concentrations of vitamin E, a potent antioxidant fat soluble.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Dermatite Atópica , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Interleucina-33 , Cobre , Estudos Transversais , Vitaminas , Vitamina E , Vitamina A , Inflamação , Gravidade do Paciente , Vitamina K , Zinco
3.
Int J Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-8, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38291710

RESUMO

This study aimed to describe the dietary intake of ultra-processed foods (UPF) by children and adolescents with food allergy (FA) and to verify a possible association between the UPF intake with clinical characteristics and nutritional status in this group. This cross-sectional study included 110 children and adolescents with single or multiple FA IgE and non-IgE mediated. We evaluated food intake using the NOVA classification through the three 24-h recalls. The average contribution of UPF to total energy intake (calories) ranges from 21% in the first quartile to 43% in the last quartile (mean UPF intake 33.9 ± 14.9%). After binary logistic regression, an association was verified between dietary intake of UPF (>4th quartile) as a percentage of total energy intake and having multiple food allergies (OR 4.102; 95% CI - 1.331 to 12.643; p = .014). We concluded that children and adolescents with FA consumed a higher amount of UPF.

4.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 18(1): 105, 2023 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37147676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a DNA repair disorder characterized by changes in several organs and systems. Advances in clinical protocols have resulted in increased survival of A-T patients, however disease progression is evident, mainly through metabolic and liver changes. OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency of significant hepatic fibrosis in A-T patients and to verify the association with metabolic alterations and degree of ataxia. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that included 25 A-T patients aged 5 to 31 years. Anthropometric data, liver, inflammatory, lipid metabolism and glucose biomarkers (oral glucose tolerance test with insulin curve-OGTT) were collected. The Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale was applied to assess the degree of ataxia. The following were calculated: Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance, Homeostasis Model Assessment-Adiponectin (HOMA-AD), Matsuda index, aspartate aminotransferase (AST): platelet ratio index, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score and BARD score. Liver ultrasonography and transient liver elastography by FibroScan® were performed. RESULTS: Significant hepatic fibrosis was observed in 5/25 (20%). Patients in the group with significant hepatic fibrosis were older (p < 0.001), had lower platelet count values (p = 0.027), serum albumin (p = 0.019), HDL-c (p = 0.013) and Matsuda index (p = 0.044); and high values of LDL-c (p = 0.049), AST (p = 0.001), alanine aminotransferase (p = 0.002), gamma-glutamyl transferase (p = 0.001), ferritin (p = 0.001), 120-min glycemia by OGTT (p = 0.049), HOMA-AD (p = 0.016) and degree of ataxia (p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: A non-invasive diagnosis of significant hepatic fibrosis was observed in 20% of A-T patients associated with changes in liver enzymes, ferritin, increased HOMA-AD, and the severity of ataxia in comparison with patients without hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Ataxia Telangiectasia , Resistência à Insulina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Cirrose Hepática , Fígado
5.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 68(8): 1027-1032, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36000600

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Children with cow's milk allergy may be at nutritional risk due to the lower intake of nutrients, such as protein, calcium, and vitamin A, which are present in cow's milk. The objective was to evaluate children's diets with Children with cow's milk allergy compared with healthy controls as well as to compare the intake of proteins and amino acids from the diet followed by Children with cow's milk allergy who consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives with Children with cow's milk allergy who do not consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional controlled study, the dietary intake of 57 children (27 with immunoglobulin E-mediated Children with cow's milk allergy and 30 healthy controls) was evaluated. Using 24-h nutritional recalls, the total energy intake value, macronutrients, and amino acids were calculated. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found between the Children with cow's milk allergy group and healthy controls for the intake of proteins and amino acids. However, the Children with cow's milk allergy do not consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives group had a lower protein (g/kg) and branched-chain amino acid (mg/kg) intake than the Children with cow's milk allergy consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives group. CONCLUSIONS: The Children with cow's milk allergy group achieved the recommendations for the intake of proteins and amino acids compared to the healthy control group. However, the Children with cow's milk allergy do not consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives group had a lower intake of protein (g/kg) and branched-chain amino acid (mg/kg) than the Children with cow's milk allergy consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives group.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade a Leite , Aminoácidos , Aminoácidos de Cadeia Ramificada , Animais , Cálcio , Bovinos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E , Vitamina A
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(8): 1027-1032, Aug. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406618

RESUMO

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Children with cow's milk allergy may be at nutritional risk due to the lower intake of nutrients, such as protein, calcium, and vitamin A, which are present in cow's milk. The objective was to evaluate children's diets with Children with cow's milk allergy compared with healthy controls as well as to compare the intake of proteins and amino acids from the diet followed by Children with cow's milk allergy who consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives with Children with cow's milk allergy who do not consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional controlled study, the dietary intake of 57 children (27 with immunoglobulin E-mediated Children with cow's milk allergy and 30 healthy controls) was evaluated. Using 24-h nutritional recalls, the total energy intake value, macronutrients, and amino acids were calculated. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found between the Children with cow's milk allergy group and healthy controls for the intake of proteins and amino acids. However, the Children with cow's milk allergy do not consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives group had a lower protein (g/kg) and branched-chain amino acid (mg/kg) intake than the Children with cow's milk allergy consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives group. CONCLUSIONS: The Children with cow's milk allergy group achieved the recommendations for the intake of proteins and amino acids compared to the healthy control group. However, the Children with cow's milk allergy do not consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives group had a lower intake of protein (g/kg) and branched-chain amino acid (mg/kg) than the Children with cow's milk allergy consume special infant formula or plant-based dairy alternatives group.

7.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 4(2): 229-234, abr.jun.2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381934

RESUMO

Neste artigo relatamos a terapia nutricional de um paciente com ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) utilizando a gastrostomia (GTM) como via alternativa para alimentação. Paciente do sexo masculino, 13 anos de idade, com diagnóstico clínico de A-T aos 6 anos. Aos 8 anos e 7 meses o paciente foi identificado com risco nutricional (ZIMC/I: -1,67). Após 1 ano, evoluiu de forma desfavorável (ZIMC/I: -2,51) apesar da intervenção nutricional, sendo indicada a GTM aos 9 anos e 11 meses. No entanto, em decorrência da dificuldade de aceitação dos pais, o procedimento foi realizado somente quando o adolescente completou 11 anos e 7 meses. Inicialmente foi prescrita para oferta pela GTM dieta enteral normocalórica e normoproteica, correspondendo a 45,8% da necessidade energética diária. Após um mês, com estabilidade metabólica, houve a transição para uma dieta enteral hipercalórica e hiperproteica, fornecendo 91,6% da necessidade energética diária. Após 6 meses com a GTM, verificou-se ganho de peso total de 3,3 Kg (ZIMC/I -2,97), após 1 ano de 4,7 Kg (ZIMC/I -2,59), e após 1 ano e 9 meses de 6,7 Kg (ZIMC/I -2,63). Apesar da desnutrição nos pacientes com A-T ter origem multifatorial, o uso da GTM como via alternativa para alimentação por esse paciente resultou em uma evolução favorável dos seus indicadores antropométricos, sendo relatadas poucas intercorrências com a sua utilização. Portanto, sugere-se que pacientes com A-T devam ser monitorados periodicamente por equipe multiprofissional visando à identificação precoce de potenciais agravos.


In this article we report the nutritional therapy of a patient with ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) using percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) as an alternative way of feeding. The patient was a 13-year-old male diagnosed with A-T at the age of 6 years. At 8 years and 7 months, the patient was at nutritional risk (body mass index z-score [BMIZ]: -1.67). After 1 year, he had an unfavorable evolution (BMIZ: -2.51), despite nutritional intervention; then, a PEG was indicated when he was 9 years and 11 months. However, due to the difficulty of parental acceptance, the procedure was performed when the adolescent was 11 years and 7 months. At first, a standard energy and protein enteral formula was prescribed, reaching 45.8% of his daily energy requirement. After 1 month, with metabolic stability, there was a transition to a high-energy and protein enteral formula providing 91.6% of his daily energy requirement. After 6 months of PEG placement, the patient had a total body weight gain of 3.3 kg (BMIZ: -2.97); subsequently, body weight increased by 4.7 kg (BMIZ: -2.59) after 1 year, and by 6.7 kg (BMIZ: -2.63) after 1 year and 9 months. Despite the multifactorial origin of malnutrition in A-T patients, PEG placement as an alternative way of feeding for this patient resulted in favorable evolution of his anthropometric indicators, and only a few complications were reported with its use. Therefore, it is suggested that patients with A-T should be monitored periodically by a multidisciplinary team for early identification of potential damages.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Ataxia Telangiectasia , Gastrostomia , Terapia Nutricional , Pacientes , Necessidade Energética , Peso Corporal , Aumento de Peso , Proteínas , Índice de Massa Corporal , Diagnóstico Clínico , Desnutrição , Dieta
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