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Int J Integr Care ; 23(3): 4, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37577140


Introduction: As the number of children and young people (CYP) presenting to Emergency Departments (ED) with acute mental health (MH) presentations has been steadily increasing over the years and further accelerated by the pandemic, there is an urgent need to develop and evaluate innovative solutions to respond to this growing challenge. Description: The evaluation of the Safeguards Teams Program (STP) aims to ascertain the impact, implementation and economic analysis of this acute rapid response recovery-focused, trauma-informed assessment and brief intervention for CYP (aged 0-17 years) presenting in acute MH crisis and their families/caregivers.The STP will support consumers (patients) and their families/caregivers to navigate the complex and often fragmented child and adolescent MH services (CAMHS) landscape, thereby avoiding unnecessary ED presentations or hospitalisations, and facilitating comprehensive assessment and appropriate care pathways for those who present in crisis. Discussion: The STP is expected to provide CYP in MH crisis and their support networks with early access to evidence-based specialist care at the right place and time. Conclusion: Implementation of the STP will assist with identifying and addressing gaps in acute care for CYP and provide the necessary evidence for service redesign in collaboration with consumers, service providers and other stakeholders.

Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 25(4): 790-800, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370553


PURPOSE: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) rates among hospitalised adolescents are between 21% and 32%, and there is a lack of evidence-based interventions for this population. Trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy (TF-CBT) is an evidence-based intervention for children and adolescents with PTSD; however, it has not been implemented in an acute adolescent inpatient unit. This study examines the implementation of an intensive form of TF-CBT in an adolescent inpatient unit. METHOD: An uncontrolled open trail study was conducted where 15 adolescents diagnosed with PTSD were treated with an intensive form of TF-CBT. Measures used were the University of California, Los Angeles' (UCLA) PTSD Reaction Index for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., Adolescent Version; DSM-IV-Adolescent Version), the National Stressful Events Survey PTSD Short Scale (NSESSS) and the Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS). RESULTS: Adolescents received an average of nine sessions of TF-CBT over a period of 28 days. The average NSESSS on admission was 23.73 and 8.27 at discharge; the CGAS average on admission was 19 and on discharge was 48.7; both were statistically significant changes. CONCLUSION: Preliminary findings support the use of an intensive form of TF-CBT to treat adolescents with PTSD admitted to acute adolescent inpatient units indicating the need for further research in this area.

Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Hospitalização , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Abuso Sexual na Infância , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Abuso Físico , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Delitos Sexuais , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 12(1): 117-24, 2007 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17375813


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of adolescents with anxiety-based school attendance problems enrolled in a specialist adolescent educational and mental health program that provides educational assistance and social skills development, and to suggest key elements that may account for its apparent effectiveness. Young people attending the Sulman Program in Sydney, Australia, between March 2003 and December 2004 were identified. Baseline information was gathered from the medical records, pre and postintervention personal development questionnaires were given to students, and pre and postratings of function were made. Those attending the program showed improvement in their general level of functioning indicated by completion of a year-long course of study (17 of 24), preparation for employment (17), increased independent travel (5), and self-rated improvement in social skills, stress tolerance and emotional literacy. Pre and poststaff ratings on the Health of the Nation Outcomes Scales Child and Adolescent (HoNOSCA), Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) indicated improvement in personal and social functioning. Parental satisfaction was rated as high. The findings confirm the effectiveness of, and need for, flexible programs to support adolescents with social anxiety disorder and other longer-term mental health problems to offset the adverse consequences of early withdrawal from educational and social environments. Several elements may help to explain the program's effectiveness and provide guidance for similar programs elsewhere.

Serviços de Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Transtornos Fóbicos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/terapia , Adolescente , Austrália , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento