Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Front Psychol ; 14: 1253179, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38022932

RESUMO

Introduction: Despite the propagation of virtual mental health services for vulnerable groups during COVID-19 pandemic, the implementation and evaluation of remote evidence-based practices (EBP) to manage them in low- and middle-income countries remains scarce. In the current study, we describe and evaluate the implementation process and clinical impact of brief, remote, manualized EBP for crisis intervention and suicide risk management among healthcare workers attending patients with COVID-19 (COVID-19-HCWs) in Mexico. Methods: The implementation process comprised community engagement of volunteer mental health specialists, creation of new clinical teams with different disciplines and skills, intervention systematization through manuals and education through 4-h remote training as main strategies. Mexican COVID-19-HCWs who had used a free 24-h helpline rated their pre- and post-intervention emotional distress. Therapists recorded patients' pre-intervention diagnosis, severity, and suicide risk, the techniques used in each case, and their post-treatment perception of COVID-19-HCWs' improvement at the end of the intervention. Results: All techniques included in the intervention manual were employed at least in one case (n = 51). At the beginning of the intervention, 65.9% of the COVID-19-HCWs were considered moderately ill or worse according to Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) scores, whereas at the end, 79.4% of them were perceived as much or very much improved according to CGI-Improvement scores (CGI-I), and their emotional distress had been significantly reduced (p < 0.001). Discussion: This prospective study provides evidence that implementation of remote EBP is feasible and useful to reduce emotional distress and suicide risk among COVID-19-HCWs from a middle-income country. However, this study was limited by lack of a control group, improvement ratings provided by therapists and non-anonymous satisfaction ratings.

2.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(5): 494-503, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345466

RESUMO

Objective: The mental health problems and perceived needs of healthcare workers involved with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) may vary due to individual and contextual characteristics. The objective of this study was to evaluate healthcare workers' mental health problems during the common COVID-19 exposure scenario in Mexico, comparing those on the frontline with other healthcare workers according to gender and profession, determining the main risk factors for the most frequent mental health problems. Methods: A cross-sectional online study was conducted with a non-probabilistic sample of 5,938 Mexican healthcare workers who completed brief screening measures of mental health problems and ad hoc questions about sociodemographic professional characteristics, conditions related to increased risk of COVID-19 infection, life stressors during the COVID-19 emergency, and perceived need to cope with COVID-19. Results: The identified mental health problems were insomnia, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), all of which were more frequent in frontline healthcare workers (52.1, 37.7, and 37.5%, respectively) and women (47.1, 33.0 %, and 16.3%, respectively). A lack of rest time was the main risk factor for insomnia (OR = 3.1, 95%CI 2.6-3.7, p ≤ 0.0001). Mourning the death of friends or loved ones due to COVID-19 was the main risk factor for depression (OR = 2.2, 95%CI 1.8-2.7, p ≤ 0.0001), and personal COVID-19 status was the main risk factor for PTSD (OR = 2.2, 95%CI 1.7-2.9, p ≤ 0.0001). Conclusion: The most frequent mental health problems during the common exposure scenario for COVID-19 in Mexico included the short-term psychological consequences of intense adversity. A comprehensive strategy for preventing mental health problems should focus on individuals with cumulative vulnerability and specific risk factors.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Saúde Mental , COVID-19 , Ansiedade , Surtos de Doenças , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde , Depressão/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
3.
BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil ; 13(1): 80, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even though the importance of preparing patients for a surgical event is recognized, there are still gaps about the benefit of improving functional capacity by walking during the waiting time among patients scheduled for non-cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pre-surgical walking in-hospital length of stay, early ambulation, and the appearance of complications after surgery among patients scheduled for non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: A two-arm, single- blinded randomized controlled trial was developed from May 2016 to August 2017. Eligible outpatients scheduled for non-cardiac surgery, capable of walking, were randomized (2:1 ratio) to receive a prescription of walking 150 min/week during the whole pre-surgical waiting time (n = 249) or conventional care (n = 119). The primary outcome was the difference in hospital length of stay, and secondary results were time to first ambulation during hospitalization, description of ischemic events during hospitalization and after six months of hospital discharge, and the walking continuation. We performed an intention to treat analysis and compared length of stay between both groups by Kaplan-Meier estimator (log-rank test). RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the length of hospital stay between both groups (log-rank test p = 0.367) and no differences in the first ambulation time during hospitalization (log-rank test p = 0.299). Similar rates of postoperative complications were observed in both groups, but patients in the intervention group continued to practice walking six months after discharge (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our study is the first clinical trial evaluating the impact of walking before non-cardiac surgery in the length of stay, early ambulation, and complications after surgery. Prescription of walking for patients before non-cardiac surgery had no significant effect in reducing the length of stay, and early ambulation. The results become a crucial element for further investigation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PAMP-Phase2 was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03213496 on July 11, 2017.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35010679

RESUMO

COVID-19 frontline healthcare workers (FHCW) are struggling to cope with challenges that threaten their wellbeing. We examine the frequency and predictors of the most frequent mental health problems (MHP) among FHCW during the first COVID-19 peak in Mexico, one of the most severely affected countries in terms of FHCW's COVID-19 mortality. A cross-sectional survey was conducted between May 8 and August 18, 2020. A total of 47.5% of the sample (n = 2218) were FHCW. The most frequent MHP were insomnia, depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and health anxiety/somatization (whole sample: 45.7, 37.4, 33.9, and 21.3%; FHCW: 52.4, 43.4, 40.3 and 26.1, respectively). As compared to during the initial COVID-19 phase, depression and health anxiety/somatization symptoms as well as experiences of grieving due to COVID-19, personal COVID-19 status, and having relatives and close friends with COVID-19 were more frequent during the COVID-19 peak. Obesity, domestic violence, personal COVID-19 status, and grieving because of COVID-19 were included in regression models for main FHCW's MHP during the COVID-19 peak. In conclusion, measures to decrease other country-level epidemics contributing to the likelihood of COVID-19 complications (obesity) and MHP (domestic violence) as well as FHCW´s probability of COVID-19 infection could safeguard not only their physical but also mental health.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Epidemias , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Mental , México/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Braz J Psychiatry ; 43(5): 494-503, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The mental health problems and perceived needs of healthcare workers involved with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) may vary due to individual and contextual characteristics. The objective of this study was to evaluate healthcare workers' mental health problems during the common COVID-19 exposure scenario in Mexico, comparing those on the frontline with other healthcare workers according to gender and profession, determining the main risk factors for the most frequent mental health problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional online study was conducted with a non-probabilistic sample of 5,938 Mexican healthcare workers who completed brief screening measures of mental health problems and ad hoc questions about sociodemographic professional characteristics, conditions related to increased risk of COVID-19 infection, life stressors during the COVID-19 emergency, and perceived need to cope with COVID-19. RESULTS: The identified mental health problems were insomnia, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), all of which were more frequent in frontline healthcare workers (52.1, 37.7, and 37.5%, respectively) and women (47.1, 33.0 %, and 16.3%, respectively). A lack of rest time was the main risk factor for insomnia (OR = 3.1, 95%CI 2.6-3.7, p ≤ 0.0001). Mourning the death of friends or loved ones due to COVID-19 was the main risk factor for depression (OR = 2.2, 95%CI 1.8-2.7, p ≤ 0.0001), and personal COVID-19 status was the main risk factor for PTSD (OR = 2.2, 95%CI 1.7-2.9, p ≤ 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The most frequent mental health problems during the common exposure scenario for COVID-19 in Mexico included the short-term psychological consequences of intense adversity. A comprehensive strategy for preventing mental health problems should focus on individuals with cumulative vulnerability and specific risk factors.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde Mental , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(6)2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517004

RESUMO

Silicone rubber (SR) is a material used for medical procedures, with a common example of its application being in implants for cosmetic or plastic surgeries. It is also an essential component for the development of medical devices. SR was functionalized with the polymeric prodrug of poly(2-methacryloyloxy-benzoic acid) (poly(2MBA)) to render the analgesic anti-inflammatory drug salicylic acid by hydrolysis. The system was designed by functionalizing SR films (0.5 cm × 1 cm) with a direct grafting method, using gamma irradiation (60Co source) to induce the polymerization process. The absorbed dose (from 20 to 100 kGy) and the monomer concentration (between 0.4 and 1.5 M) were critical in controlling the surface and the bulk modifications of SR. Grafting poly(2MBA) onto SR (SR-g-2MBA) were characterized by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry, fluorescence microscopy, the contact angle, and the swelling. SR-g-2MBA demonstrated the drug's sustained and pH-dependent release in simulated physiological mediums (pH = 5.5 and 7.4). The drug's release was quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography and confirmed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Finally, cytocompatibility was demonstrated in murine fibroblast and human cervical cancer cell lines. The developed systems provide new polymeric drug release systems for medical silicone applications.

7.
Cancer Cell ; 25(6): 735-47, 2014 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24856585

RESUMO

Sonic hedgehog (Shh), a soluble ligand overexpressed by neoplastic cells in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), drives formation of a fibroblast-rich desmoplastic stroma. To better understand its role in malignant progression, we deleted Shh in a well-defined mouse model of PDAC. As predicted, Shh-deficient tumors had reduced stromal content. Surprisingly, such tumors were more aggressive and exhibited undifferentiated histology, increased vascularity, and heightened proliferation--features that were fully recapitulated in control mice treated with a Smoothened inhibitor. Furthermore, administration of VEGFR blocking antibody selectively improved survival of Shh-deficient tumors, indicating that Hedgehog-driven stroma suppresses tumor growth in part by restraining tumor angiogenesis. Together, these data demonstrate that some components of the tumor stroma can act to restrain tumor growth.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Células Estromais/patologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Proteínas Hedgehog/deficiência , Proteínas Hedgehog/genética , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Transdução de Sinais , Células Estromais/metabolismo
8.
Bol. micol ; 12(1/2): 85-8, jul.-dic. 1997. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-255726

RESUMO

Se realizó un estudio taxonómico de 123 cepas de la familia vibronaceae aisladas desde bivaldos y peces en las costas de Valparaíso. Todas las cepas fueron caracterizadas con 86 test fenotípicos que se agruparon usando el coeficiente Ssm y el análisis de la unión de UPGMA. Las especies fueron agrupadas en tres fenones con un nivel de similitud del 80 porciento. Estas especies fueron identificadas como aeromonas hydrophila, vibrio sp. y plesiomonas shigelloides


Assuntos
Peixes , Moluscos , Vibrionaceae/classificação , Aeromonas hydrophila , Chile , Plesiomonas , Vibrio , Vibrionaceae/isolamento & purificação
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...