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1.
Dalton Trans ; 51(15): 5859-5867, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343545

RESUMO

In this paper, we report the synthesis of dianionic amidophosphineborane-supported titanium chloride [{Ph2P(BH3)N}2C6H4TiCl2] (1) and TiIV alkyl complex [{Ph2P(BH3)N}2C6H4Ti(CH2SiMe3)2] (2) using a salt metathesis reaction. TiIV complex 1 was obtained by the reaction of the bis-borane ligand [{Ph2P(BH3)NH}2C6H4] and TiCl4 in toluene followed by the addition of 2 equivalents of [LiN(SiMe3)2] at ambient temperature. TiIV bis-alkyl complex 2 was isolated from the reaction of complex 1 with 2.5 equivalents of LiCH2SiMe3 in toluene. The solid-state structure of complex 1 is established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. TiIV bis-alkyl complex 2 has proved to be a competent catalyst in the deoxygenative reduction of aliphatic and aromatic esters with pinacolborane (HBpin) to afford corresponding boryl ethers at room temperature under solvent-free conditions. Catalyst 2 exhibits chemoselectivity toward ester functionalities over halides, heteroatoms, olefins, and amino functional groups. DFT studies demonstrate that the active form of catalyst 2 is capable of easily transferring its hydrides to ester substrates at room temperature. The studies further reveal that the rate-limiting step (RLS) in an ester-to-boryl ether conversion is the cleavage of the C-O bond of an ester. In brief, the titanium-catalysed ester-to-boryl ether conversions are found to be downhill processes having small activation barriers along all mechanistic steps.

2.
J Org Chem ; 87(2): 1098-1109, 2022 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007063

RESUMO

The reactions of the N-heterocyclic carbene-phosphinidene adducts (NHC)PSiMe3 and (NHC)PH with the dinuclear ruthenium and osmium complexes [(η6-p-cymene)MCl2]2 (M = Ru, Os) afforded the half-sandwich complexes [(η6-p-cymene){(NHC)P}MCl] and [(η6-p-cymene){(NHC)PH}MCl2] with two- and three-legged piano-stool geometries, respectively (NHC = IDipp, IMes; IDipp = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene; IMes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene). The complexes were initially tested as precatalysts for the hydroboration of benzonitrile, and the most active species, the ruthenium complex [(η6-p-cymene){(IMes)P}RuCl], was further used for the efficient hydroboration of a wide range (ca. 50 substrates) of nitriles, carboxylic esters, and carboxamides in neat pinacolborane (HBpin) under comparatively mild reaction conditions (60-80 °C, 3-5 mol % catalyst loading). Preliminary mechanistic and kinetic studies are reported, and stoichiometric reactions with HBpin indicate the initial formation of the monohydride complex [(η6-p-cymene){(IMes)P}RuH] as the putative catalytically active species.

3.
Chem Rec ; 21(8): 1898-1911, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197009

RESUMO

Biodegradable polyesters such as poly(ϵ-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) have been considered for use in several areas, such as drug delivery devices, sutures, tissue engineering, and GBR membranes, due to its bio-renewability, biodegradability, and biocompatibility. Several synthetic techniques for the preparation of polyesters have been reported in the literature, amongst which the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic esters is the most efficient. A convenient approach to access iso-selective PLAs is polymerization of racemic lactide (rac-LA), which shows excellent stereoregularity without the need for costly chiral auxiliaries or ligands. In this personal account, we review a series of methods that have been practiced to the synthesis of biodegradable polyesters from various cyclic monomers using alkali and alkaline earth metal complexes as efficient catalysts.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Metais Alcalinos/química , Metais Alcalinoterrosos/química , Poliésteres/química , Boranos/química , Catálise , Calcogênios/química , Ciclização , Ésteres/química , Poliésteres/síntese química
4.
Chemistry ; 27(19): 5913-5918, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555047

RESUMO

The N-heterocyclic carbene-phosphinidene adducts (NHC)PH were reacted with AlMe3 in toluene to afford the monoaluminum complexes [{(IDipp)PH}AlMe3 ] and [{(IMes)PH}AlMe3 ] (IDipp=1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene, IMes=1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene). In contrast, the dialuminum complex [{(Me IMes)PH}(AlMe3 )2 ] was obtained for Me IMes=1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4,5-dimethylimidazolin-2-ylidene. These complexes served as initiators for the efficient ring-opening polymerization of rac-lactide in toluene at 60 °C. High degrees of isoselectivity were found for the poly(rac-lactide) obtained in the presence of the monoaluminum complexes (Pm up to 0.92, Tm up to 191 °C), whereas almost atactic polymers were produced by the dialuminum complex. Detailed mechanistic studies reveal that the polymerization proceeds via a coordination-insertion mechanism with the carbene-phosphinidene ligands acting as stereodirecting groups.

5.
Chem Asian J ; 15(6): 860-866, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022475

RESUMO

Alkaline earth (Ae) metal complexes of the aminophosphine borane ligand are highly active and iso-selective catalysts for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of rac-lactide (LA). The polymerization reactions are well controlled and produce polylactides with molecular weights that are precise and narrowly distributed. Kinetic studies reveal that the ROP of rac-LA catalyzed by all Ae metal complexes had a first-order dependency on LA concentration as well as catalyst concentration. A plausible reaction mechanism for Ae metal complex-mediated ROP of rac-LA is discussed, based on controlled kinetic experiments and molecular chain mobility.

6.
ACS Omega ; 5(3): 1595-1606, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32010834

RESUMO

We report a series of titanium and zirconium complexes supported by dianionic amidophosphine-borane ligands, synthesized by amine elimination and salt metathesis reactions. The TiIV complex [{Ph2P(BH3)N}2C6H4Ti(NMe2)2] (1) was obtained by the reaction between tetrakis-(dimethylamido)titanium(IV) and the protic aminophosphine-borane ligand [{Ph2P(BH3)NH}2C6H4] (LH2) at ambient temperature. Both the heteroleptic zirconium complexes-[η5-(C5H5)2Zr{Ph2P(BH3)N}2C6H4] (2) and [[{Ph2P(BH3)N}2C6H4]ZrCl2] (3)-and the homoleptic zirconium complex [[{Ph2P(BH3)N}2C6H4]2Zr] (4) were obtained in good yield by the salt metathesis reaction of either zirconocene dichloride [η5-(C5H5)2ZrCl2] or zirconium tetrachloride with the dilithium salt of the ligand [{Ph2P(BH3)NLi}2C6H4] (LLi2), which was prepared in situ. The molecular structures of the complexes 1, 2, and 4 in their solid states were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Of these complexes, only titanium complex 1 acts as an effective catalyst for the facile hydroboration of terminal alkynes, yielding exclusive E-isomers. The hydroboration of organic nitriles yielded diborylamines with a broad substrate scope, including broad functional group compatibility. The mechanism of hydroboration occurs through the formation of titanium hydride as an active species.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 48(31): 11978-11984, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321393

RESUMO

We report an efficient protocol for the catalytic chemo-selective reduction of tert-amides with pinacolborane (HBpin) to afford the corresponding amines in high yields using aluminium complexes [κ2-{Ph2P(X)NC9H6N}Al(Me)2] [X = S (2a), Se (2b)] as pre-catalysts at room temperature. The aluminium complexes were prepared from the reaction of [Ph2P(X)NC9H6N] [X = S (1a), Se (1b)] and trimethylaluminium in toluene. The solid-state structure of complex 2b is established. Tertiary amides with a wide array of electron-withdrawing and electron-donating functional groups were easily converted to the desired products through the selective cleavage of the amides' C[double bond, length as m-dash]O bond by aluminium hydride as an active species. A kinetic study of the catalytic reaction is also reported.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(10): 1386-1389, 2019 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607398

RESUMO

We report the development of a facile protocol for the deoxygenative hydroboration of aliphatic and aryl carboxylic acids to afford corresponding primary alcohols under solvent-free and catalyst-free conditions. The reaction proceeds under ambient temperature exhibits good tolerance towards various functional groups and generates quantitative yields. The plausible mechanism involves the formation of Lewis acid-base adducts as well as the liberation of hydrogen gas.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 48(21): 7227-7235, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688333

RESUMO

We report the catalytic hydroamination of amino acid esters with carbodiimides and isocyanates to furnish corresponding quinazolinone and urea derivatives under mild conditions using two titanium(iv) complexes [(ImRN)2Ti(NMe2)2] (R = tBu, 2a; R = Mes, 2b), which were synthesised by reacting tetrakis(dimethylamido)titanium(iv) [Ti(NMe2)4] with imidazolin-2-imine [ImRNH; R = tert-butyl (tBu) (1a), mesityl (Mes) (1b)] in a 1 : 2 molar ratio in toluene. Furthermore, the reaction of titanium complex 2a with 2,6-diisopropylphenylamine (DippNH2) resulted in the corresponding mixed ligand titanium complex [κ1-(ImtBuN)2Ti(NMe2)(HNDipp)] (3a). In contrast, the reaction of complex 2a with 2,6-dimethyl phenol afforded the mono-imidazolin-2-iminato TiIV phenolate complex [κ1-(ImtBuN)Ti(O-1,6-Me2C6H3)3] (4a). The solid-state structures of complexes 2b, 3a, and 4a, established by single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, confirmed a very short bond between titanium and imidazolin-2-iminato nitrogen in each case. Titanium complexes 2a and 2b exhibited relatively high conversion, superior selectivity and broad functional group tolerance in both hydroamination reactions under mild conditions. We propose the most plausible mechanism for the guanylation/cyclisation of amino acid esters to carbodiimides on the basis of a number of controlled reactions.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 57(20): 12610-12623, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30259733

RESUMO

A series of mononuclear titanium(IV) complexes with the general composition κ3-[R{NHPh2P(X)}2Ti(NMe2)2] [R = C6H4, X = Se (3b); R = trans-C6H10, X = S (4a), Se (4b)] and [{κ2-N(PPh2Se)2}2Ti(NMe2)2] (6b) and two dinuclear titanium(IV) complexes, [C6H4{(NPh2PS)(N)}Ti(NMe2)]2 (3c) and [{κ2-N(PPh2Se)}Ti(NMe2)2]2 (6c), are reported. Dinuclear titanium(IV) complex 6c acts as an efficient catalyst for the chemoselective addition of an E-H bond (E = N, O, S, P, C) to heterocumulenes under mild conditions. The catalytic addition of aliphatic and aromatic amines, alcohol, thiol, phosphine oxide, and acetylene to the carbodiimides afforded the corresponding hydroelemented products in high yield at mild conditions with a broader substrate scope. The catalytic efficiency of the dinuclear complex depends on the cooperative effect of the TiIV ions, the systematic variation of the intermetallic distance, and the ligand's steric properties of the complex, which enhances the reaction rate. Most interestingly, this is the first example of catalytic insertion of various E-H bonds into the carbodiimides using a single-site catalyst because only the titanium-mediated insertion of E-H into a C═N unsaturated bond is reported to date. The amine and alcohol insertion reaction with the carbodiimides showed first-order kinetics with respect to the titanium(IV) catalyst as well as substrates. A most plausible mechanism for hydroelementation reaction is also proposed, based on the spectroscopic data of the controlled reaction, a time-course study, and the Hammett plot.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 47(36): 12613-12622, 2018 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043795

RESUMO

We report here reactions between the N-adamantyliminopyrolyl ligand 2-(AdN[double bond, length as m-dash]CH)-C4H3NH (L-H) and alkali metal hexamethyldisilazides [MN(SiMe3)2] (M = Li, Na and K) to afford the dimeric [{2-(AdN[double bond, length as m-dash]CH)-C4H3NLi(THF)}2] (1), [{2-(AdN[double bond, length as m-dash]CH)-C4H3N}{Na(THF)1.5}2] (2) and polymeric [{2-(AdN[double bond, length as m-dash]CH)-C4H3NK(THF)}n] (3) complexes at ambient temperature. A one-pot reaction between L-H, [KN(SiMe3)2] and alkaline earth metal diiodide (AeI2) in a 2 : 2 : 1 molar ratio, which resulted in the formation of a heteroleptic Ae metal complex [κ2-{2-(AdN[double bond, length as m-dash]CH)-C4H3N}2Ae(THF)2] [Ae = Mg (4), Ca (5)], is also reported. The solid-state structures of complexes 1, 3 and 4 were established through single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The alkali and alkaline earth metal complexes 1-5 were utilised as precatalysts for the catalytic hydroboration of pinacolborane (HBpin) with aldehydes and ketones, and potassium complex 3 was identified as a competent catalyst under mild conditions. Additionally, cyanosilylation of carbonyl compounds was explored with trimethylsilyl cyanide and aldehydes/ketones, using the alkali metal precatalyst 3 under mild conditions. In both catalytic processes, the potassium catalyst 3 exhibited high tolerance towards a number of functional groups.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 57(5): 2503-2516, 2018 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29460619

RESUMO

We report the preparation of alkali and alkaline earth (Ae) metal complexes supported by 2-picolylamino-diphenylphosphane chalcogenide [(Ph2P(=E)NHCH2(C5H4N)] [E = S (1-H); Se (2-H)] ligands. The treatment of the protic ligand, 1-H or 2-H, with alkali metal hexamethyldisilazides at room temperature afforded the corresponding alkali metal salts [M(THF)2(Ph2P(=E)NCH2(C5H4N)] [M = Li, E = S (3a), Se (3b)] and [{M(THF) n(Ph2P(=E)NCH2(C5H4N)}2] [M = Na, E = S (4a), Se (4b); M = K, E = Se (5b)] in good yield. The homoleptic Ae metal complexes [κ2-(Ph2P(=Se)NCH2(C5H4N)Mg(THF)] (6b) and [κ3-{(Ph2P(=Se)NCH2(C5H4N)}2M(THF) n] (M = Ca (7b), Sr (8b), Ba (9b)] were synthesized by the one-pot reaction of 2-H with [KN(SiMe3)2] and MI2 in a 2:2:1 molar ratio at room temperature. The molecular structures of the protic-ligands 1-H and 2-H, as well as complexes 3a,b-5a,b and 6b-9b were established using single-crystal X-ray analysis. The Ae metal complexes 6b-9b were tested for ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of racemic lactide ( rac-LA) and copolymerization of rac-LA and ε-caprolactone (ε-CL) at room temperature. In the ROP of rac-LA, the calcium complex 7b exhibited high isoselectivity, with Pi = 0.89, whereas both the barium and strontium complexes showed lower isoselectivity with Pi = 0.78-0.62. In the copolymerization of rac-LA and ε-CL, both barium and strontium complexes proved to be efficient precatalysts for the formation of the block copolymer rac-LA-CL, but the reactivity of 9b was found to be better than that of 8b. All the polymers were fully characterized using differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and gel permeation chromatography analyses. Kinetic studies on the ROP reaction of LA confirmed that the rate of polymerization followed the order Ba ≫ Sr ≈ Ca.

13.
Chemistry ; 23(39): 9319-9331, 2017 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28493433

RESUMO

A series of alkali and alkaline earth (Ae) metal complexes bearing 1,2-phenylene(bis-diphenylphosphinothioic/selenoic amine) [{Ph2 P(E)NH}2 C6 H4 ] (E=S (1-H2); Se (2-H2) ligands are reported. Alkali metal complexes [{Ph2 P(S)N}2 C6 H4 ]Na(THF)4 (3 a) [{Ph2 P(Se)N}2 C6 H4 ]Na(THF)4 (3 b), and [{Ph2 P(Se)N}2 C6 H4 ]K(THF)5 (4 b) were obtained in good yield by treating protic ligands 1-H2 or 2-H2 with metal hexamethyldisilazides [MN(SiMe3 )2 ] (M=Na or K) at ambient temperature. The Ae metal complexes formulated as [{Ph2 P(E)N}2 C6 H4 ]M(THF)3 [E=S, M=Ca (5 a), Sr (6 a), Ba (7 a); E=Se, M=Ca (5 b), Sr (6 b), Ba (7 b)] can be synthesized by using two routes. The molecular structures of the free ligand 1-H2 and metal complexes 5 a,b-7 a,b in their solid states were established. Complexes 3 a and 3 b are isostructural; however, in complex 4 b, an attachment different from ligand 2 was observed. The complexes 5 a,b-7 a,b are isostructural and each metal ion exhibits a distorted pentagonal bipyramidal geometry around it. All Ae metal complexes 5 a,b-7 a,b were tested for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of racemic lactide (rac-LA) and ϵ-caprolactone (ϵ-CL) at room temperature. Calcium complexes 5 a and 5 b show excellent iso-selectivity, with Pi values of 0.78-0.87 at 298 K and with a high degree of polymerization control, whereas the corresponding strontium complexes 6 a and 6 b exhibit moderate iso-selectivity, and barium complexes 7 a and 7 b yield only atactic polylactides (PLAs). In all cases, the catalyst initiates the ROP catalytic cycle in the absence of any external initiator. Kinetic studies of the polymerization reactions indicate the relative order of polymerization rate increases with increase in the size of the metal ion: Ba>Sr>Ca.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 45(44): 17824-17832, 2016 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27774537

RESUMO

The hydroamination of heterocumulenes such as carbodiimides, isocyanates, and isothiocyanates by a bis(phosphinoselenoic amide) supported titanium(iv) complex as a precatalyst is reported here. The titanium(iv) complex [{Ph2P(Se)NCH2CH2NPPh2(Se)}Ti(NMe2)2] (1) was synthesised by the reaction of tetrakis-(dimethylamido)titanium(iv) [Ti(NMe2)4] with [{Ph2P(Se)NHCH2CH2NHPPh2(Se)}] in toluene at ambient temperature. Titanium complex 1 proved to be a competent pre-catalyst for the addition of an amine N-H bond to carbodiimides, isocyanates, and isothiocyanates. The reaction scope was expanded to reactions of aliphatic and aromatic amines with phenylisocyanates and phenylisothiocyanates in toluene solvents proceeding rapidly at room temperature with 5 mol% catalyst loadings to yield the corresponding urea and thio-urea derivatives up to 99%. However, ambient temperature was needed for hydroamination of 1,3-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide. The amine addition reactions with isocyanates showed first order kinetics with respect to catalyst 1 as well as substrates. The most plausible mechanism for the hydroamination reaction was established by isolating 1,1-dimethylphenyl urea as a side product.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 55(3): 1142-53, 2016 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26789927

RESUMO

The reactions of tetrakis(dimethylamido)titanium(IV) [Ti(NMe2)4] with three different imidazolin-2-imines (Im(R)NH; R = tert-butyl (tBu), mesityl (Mes), and 2,6-diisopropylphenyl (Dipp)) afforded the corresponding titanium imidazolin-2-iminato complexes [(Im(R)N)Ti(NMe2)3] (R = tBu, 1a; R = Mes, 1b; R = Dipp, 1c). Treatment of complex 1a with two different carbodiimides [R'N═C═NR'; R' = cyclohexyl (Cy) and isopropyl (iPr)] resulted in the formation of imidazolin-2-iminato titanium mono(guanidinate) complex of the type [(Im(R)N)Ti(R'NC(NMe2)NR') (NMe2)2 (R' = iPr; R = tBu (2a), R = Dipp (2c); R' = Cy, R = tBu (3a)], as yellow solid in 94% yield. However, a similar reaction of 1b and 1c with 2 equiv of phenyl isocyanates at ambient temperature resulted in the formation of corresponding titanium bis(ureate) complexes [(Im(R)N)Ti{κ(2)-OC(NMe2)NPh}2(NMe2)] (R = Mes, 4b and R = Dipp, 4c). Three equivalents of phenyl isothiocyanate reacted with complex 1c to afford respective titanium tris(thioureate) complex [(Im(Dipp)N)Ti{κ(2)-SC(NMe2)NPh}2{κ(1)-SC(NMe2)NPh}] (6c). The molecular structures of 1a-c, 2a, 2c, 3a, 4c, and 6c were established by X-ray diffraction analyses, and, from the solid-state structures of 1a-c, 2a, 2c, 3a, 4c, and 6c, it was confirmed that the imidazolin-2-iminato titanium bond in each case is very short and possesses a multiple-bonding character. The imidazolin-2-iminato titanium complex 1c was utilized as a precatalyst for the addition of amine N-H bond to phenyl isocyanate. High yields of the corresponding urea derivatives were achieved under mild conditions. The mechanistic study of the aforementioned catalytic reaction was performed, and the active catalyst complex 7b was isolated using 2 equiv of iminopyrrole [2-(2,6-iPr2C6H3N═CH)C4H3NH] and the complex 4b. The molecular structure of 7b was thereafter established.

16.
Dalton Trans ; 44(16): 7458-69, 2015 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25803640

RESUMO

The synthesis and isolation of two potassium, one lithium and two calcium complexes of imidazol-2-ylidene-N'-phenylureate ligands [Im(R)NCON(H)Ph] [(R = tBu (1a); Mes (1b) and Dipp (1c); Mes = mesityl, Dipp = 2,6-diisopropylphenyl] are described. Potassium complexes, [{κ(2)-(Im(Mes)NCONPh)K}4] (2b) and [{κ(3)-(Im(Dipp)NCONPh)K}2{KN(SiMe3)2}2]n (2c), were prepared in good yields by the reactions of 1b and 1c, respectively, with potassium bis(trimethyl)silyl amide at ambient temperature in toluene. Lithium complex [{(2,6-tBu2-4-Me-C6H2O)Li(Im(tBu)NCON(H)Ph)}2{Im(tBu)NCON(H)Ph}] (3a) was isolated by a one-pot reaction between 1a and LiCH2SiMe3, followed by the addition of 2,6-tBu2-4-Me-C6H2OH in toluene. Calcium complex [{κ(2)-(Im(tBu)NCONPh)Ca{N(SiMe3)2}-{KN(SiMe3)2}]n (4a) was isolated by the one-pot reaction of 1a with [KN(SiMe3)2] and calcium diiodide in THF at ambient temperature. The solid-state structures of ligand 1a and complexes 2b, 2c, 3a and 4a were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. It was observed that potassium was coordinated to the oxygen atom of urea group and to the nitrogen atom of the imidazolin-2-imine group, in the solid-state structure of 2b. In complex 4a, the calcium ion was ligated to the monoanionic imidazol-2-ylidene-N'-phenylureate ligand in a bi-dentate (κ(2)) fashion through the oxygen and nitrogen atoms of the isocyanate building block leaving the imidazolin-2-imine fragment uncoordinated. In the solid state of the potassium complex 2c, tri-dentate (κ(3)) coordination from the imidazol-2-ylidene-N'-phenylureate ligand was observed through the oxygen and nitrogen atoms of the isocyanate building block and of the imidazolin-2-imine fragment. In contrast, in the dimeric lithium complex 3a, the neutral imidazol-2-ylidene-N'-phenylureate ligand was bound to the lithium centre in a mono-dentate fashion (κ(1)) through an oxygen atom of the isocyanate moiety. It is to be noted that in each complex thus observed, the elongated carbon-nitrogen bond distances indicate substantial electron delocalisation from the imidazole ring to the ureate group present in ligand 1.

17.
Dalton Trans ; 44(3): 955-65, 2015 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25407563

RESUMO

We report an amidinato ligand-supported series of magnesium complexes obtained from the insertion of a magnesium-carbon bond into a carbon-nitrogen double bond of different carbodiimides and α-diimine ligands. The magnesium complexes [Mg(CH2Ph){CyN[double bond, length as m-dash]C(CH2Ph)NCy}]2 (), [Mg(CH2Ph){(i)PrN[double bond, length as m-dash]C(CH2Ph)N(i)Pr}]2 () and the homoleptic [Mg{(t)BuN[double bond, length as m-dash]C(CH2Ph)N(t)Bu}2] () (Cy = cyclohexyl, (i)Pr = isopropyl, (t)Bu = tert-butyl) were prepared by the reaction of dibenzyl magnesium [Mg(CH2Ph)2(Et2O)2] with the respective carbodiimides either in 1 : 1 or 1 : 2 molar ratio in toluene. The analogous reaction of [Mg(CH2Ph)2(Et2O)2] with the N,N'-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene (Dipp2DAD) ligand afforded the corresponding homoleptic magnesium complex [Mg{DippN[double bond, length as m-dash]C(CH2Ph)CH2NDipp}2] () (Dipp = 2,6 diisopropylphenyl) in good yield. The solid-state structures of magnesium complexes were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. It was observed that in each case, a magnesium-carbon bond was inserted into the carbon-nitrogen double bond of either carbodiimides or Dipp2DAD resulting in a monoanionic amido-imino ligand. In a further reaction between and N-aryliminopyrrolyl ligand 2-(2,6-(i)Pr2C6H3N[double bond, length as m-dash]CH)C4H3NH (ImpDipp-H) in 1 : 2 molar ratio, a new magnesium complex [Mg(ImpDipp)2{CyN[double bond, length as m-dash]C(CH2Ph)NHCy}] (), with one amidinato and two aryliminopyrrolyl ligands in the coordination sphere, was obtained in good yield. In contrast, the homoleptic magnesium complex reacted with one equivalent of N-aryliminopyrrolyl ligand (ImpDipp-H) to produce another mixed ligated magnesium complex [Mg{DippN[double bond, length as m-dash]C(CH2Ph)CH2NDipp}(ImpDipp)] (), with a benzylated DAD ligand and aryliminopyrrolyl ligands in the coordination sphere. Further reaction of complex with benzyl alcohol (PhCH2OH) afforded the third mixed ligated magnesium complex [Mg{DippN[double bond, length as m-dash]C(CH2Ph)CH2NDipp}(OCH2Ph)2] () in very good yield. The magnesium complexes were characterised using standard analytical/spectroscopic techniques and their solid-state structures were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 43(23): 8757-66, 2014 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24777284

RESUMO

We report here a series of heavier alkaline earth metal complexes with N,N'-(ethane-1,2-diyl)bis(P,P-diphenylphosphinoselenoic amide) using two synthetic routes. In the first route, the heavier alkaline earth metal bis(trimethylsilyl)amides [M{N(SiMe3)2}2(THF)n] (M = Ca, Sr, Ba), when treated with phosphinoselenoic amine [Ph2P(Se)NHCH2CH2NHPPh2(Se)] (1), afforded the corresponding alkaline earth metal complexes of the composition [(THF)3M{Ph2P(Se)NCH2CH2NPPh2(Se)}] [M = Ca (2), Sr (3), Ba (4)]. The metal complexes 2-4 were also obtained from a one-pot reaction, where potassium phosphinoselenoic amide was generated in situ by the reaction of compound 1 and [KN(SiMe3)2], followed by the addition of the respective metal diiodides in THF at room temperature. The magnesium complex [(THF)3Mg{Ph2P(Se)NCH2CH2NPPh2(Se)}] (5) was also prepared. The solid-state structures of alkaline earth metal complexes 2-5 were established by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In the solid state, all the metal complexes are monomeric but in complexes 2-4, ligand 1 is chelated in a tetra-dentate fashion to each metal ion but in complex 5, ligand 1 behaves as a bidentate ligand. Complexes 2-4 were tested as catalysts for the ring-opening polymerisation of ε-caprolactone and a high level of activity for the barium complex 4 was observed, with narrow polydispersity. We also report the synthesis and structure of the bis(amidophosphino borane) ligand [Ph2P(BH3)NHCH2CH2NHPPh2(BH3)] (6) and the corresponding barium complex [(THF)2Ba{Ph2P(BH3)NCH2CH2NPPh2(BH3)}]2 (7).


Assuntos
Caproatos/química , Quelantes/química , Lactonas/química , Metais Alcalinoterrosos/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Compostos Organofosforados/química , Compostos Organosselênicos/química , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Polimerização
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