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1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study explored the denaturation of 11S globulin, a protein known for its diverse functionalities in soy protein applications, at pH 3.0 and pH 10.0, subsequently followed by a gradual return to pH 7.0 to facilitate renaturation. It investigated the structural and functional changes during renaturation induced by pH, unveiling the stabilization mechanism of 11S globulin. RESULTS: The findings revealed that during pH adjustment to neutral, the denatured soybean 11S globulin-resulting from alkaline (pH 10.0) or acidic (pH 3.0) treatments-experienced a refolding of its extended tertiary structure to varying extents. The particle size and the proportions of α-helix and ß-sheet in the secondary structure progressively aligned with those of the natural state protein. However, for the alkali-denatured 11S, the ß-sheet content decreased upon adjustment to neutral, whereas an increase was observed for the acid-denatured 11S. In terms of functional properties, after alkaline denaturation, the foaming capacity (FC) and emulsifying activity index (EAI) of 11S increased by 1.4 and 1.2 times, respectively, compared to its native state. The solubility, foamability, and emulsifiability of the alkali-denatured 11S gradually diminished during renaturation but remained superior to those of the native state. Conversely, these properties showed an initial decline, followed by an increase during renaturation triggered by pH neutralization. CONCLUSIONS: This research contributes to the enhancement of protein functionality, offering a theoretical foundation for the development of functional soy protein products and expanding their potential applications. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(7)2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610322

RESUMO

This paper introduces an innovative non-contact heart rate monitoring method based on Wi-Fi Channel State Information (CSI). This approach integrates both amplitude and phase information of the CSI signal through rotational projection, aiming to optimize the accuracy of heart rate estimation in home environments. We develop a frequency domain subcarrier selection algorithm based on Heartbeat to subcomponent ratio (HSR) and design a complete set of signal filtering and subcarrier selection processes to further enhance the accuracy of heart rate estimation. Heart rate estimation is conducted by combining the peak frequencies of multiple subcarriers. Extensive experimental validations demonstrate that our method exhibits exceptional performance under various environmental conditions. The experimental results show that our subcarrier selection method for heart rate estimation achieves an average accuracy of 96.8%, with a median error of only 0.8 bpm, representing an approximately 20% performance improvement over existing technologies.

3.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2488, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509071

RESUMO

Homotypic membrane fusion of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is mediated by dynamin-like GTPase atlastin (ATL). This fundamental process relies on GTP-dependent domain rearrangements in the N-terminal region of ATL (ATLcyto), including the GTPase domain and three-helix bundle (3HB). However, its conformational dynamics during the GTPase cycle remain elusive. Here, we combine single-molecule FRET imaging and molecular dynamics simulations to address this conundrum. Different from the prevailing model, ATLcyto can form a loose crossover dimer upon GTP binding, which is tightened by GTP hydrolysis for membrane fusion. Furthermore, the α-helical motif between the 3HB and transmembrane domain, which is embedded in the surface of the lipid bilayer and self-associates in the crossover dimer, is required for ATL function. To recycle the proteins, Pi release, which disassembles the dimer, activates frequent relative movements between the GTPase domain and 3HB, and subsequent GDP dissociation alters the conformational preference of the ATLcyto monomer for entering the next reaction cycle. Finally, we found that two disease-causing mutations affect human ATL1 activity by destabilizing GTP binding-induced loose crossover dimer formation and the membrane-embedded helix, respectively. These results provide insights into ATL-mediated homotypic membrane fusion and the pathological mechanisms of related disease.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila , Humanos , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Fusão de Membrana/fisiologia , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Hidrólise , Guanosina Trifosfato/metabolismo
4.
Foods ; 13(5)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472878

RESUMO

In order to improve the retrogradation of rice starch (RS) and the quality of rice products, soy protein isolate (SPI), whey protein isolate (WPI), and rice flour were mixed and further extruded into mixed flour. The physicochemical properties and morphology of starch of extruded rice flour (ERS) and starch of extruded mixtures of SPI, WPI, and rice flour (SPI-WPI-ERS) were analyzed. The distribution of amylopectin chain length, molecular weight, microstructure, crystallinity, short-range ordered structure, pasting properties, and thermodynamic properties of RS, ERS, and SPI-WPI-ERS were measured. The results showed that, compared with rice starch, the proportion of long-chain starch, total starch content, and molecular weight were decreased in ERS and SPI-WPI-ERS, but the proportion of short-chain and amylose content was increased. The short-range order structure was destroyed. The water absorption of ERS and SPI-WPI-ERS was much higher than rice starch at 55 °C, 65 °C, and 75 °C, but lower than that of rice starch at 95 °C. Therefore, the retrogradation characteristics of SPI-WPI-ERS were improved. The setback of rice starch products was reduced and the setback of SPI-WPI-ERS was lower than that of ERS. Overall, the retrogradation of rice starch was delayed by adding exogenous protein and extrusion technology, and the application range of rice flour in staple food products was broadened.

5.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472512

RESUMO

Minerals are the essential micronutrients for human health. Brown rice is a whole-grain food rich in minerals, with its bran portion limiting the application of minerals. In the present study, the changes in the contents of 23 different minerals (Na, Mg, K, Ca, B, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Sb, Ba, Li, Al, As, Cd, Sn, Hg, and Pb) in brown rice were evaluated during 17, 24, 30, 35, and 48 h of germination. The results showed that germination was associated with the decreased contents of Pb, Cd, As, Al, Li, Ba, Fe, Cr, Co, V, and Hg, and the increased content of Na in brown rice (p < 0.05). In contrast, this process was not significantly influential on the contents of Mg, K, Ca, B, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Sn, Sb, and Mn (p > 0.05). In addition, significant correlations were found among most of the mineral contents. Furthermore, according to the principal component analysis, three principal components of the different mineral contents were extracted to explain 96.60% of the cumulative variances. In summary, these findings demonstrated that germination represented a feasible approach to regulating and controlling the distribution of the mineral elements in brown rice, optimizing the levels of the mineral contents, and thus reducing the potential health risks.

6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3822, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360874

RESUMO

Physics-informed neural networks (PINNs) are employed to solve the classical compressible flow problem in a converging-diverging nozzle. This problem represents a typical example described by the Euler equations, a thorough understanding of which serves as a guide for solving more general compressible flows. Given a geometry of the channel, analytical solutions for the steady states do indeed exist, and they depend on the ratio between the back pressure of the outlet and the stagnation pressure of the inlet. Moreover, in the diverging region, the solution may branch into subsonic flow, supersonic flow, or a mixture of both with a discontinuous transition where a normal shock occurs. Classical numerical schemes with shock fitting and capturing methods have been developed to solve this type of problem effectively, whereas the original PINNs are unable to predict the flows correctly. We make a first attempt to exploit the power of PINNs to solve this problem directly by adjusting the weights of different components of the loss function to acquire physical solutions and in the meantime, avoid trivial solutions. With a universal setting yet no exogenous data, we are able to solve this problem accurately; that is, for different given pressure ratios, PINNs provide different branches of solutions at both steady and unsteady states, some of which are discontinuous in nature. For an inverse problem such as unknown specific-heat ratio, it works effectively as well.

8.
Food Chem ; 442: 138615, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309242

RESUMO

Rice gluten, as the hydrophobic protein, exhibits restricted application value in hydrophilic food, which may be enhanced through interaction with soybean 11S globulin, characterized by favorable functional properties. This study aims at revealing their interaction mechanism via multi-spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulation. The formation and structural change of rice glutelin-soybean 11S globulin complexes were detected using fluorescence, ultra-violet and circular dichroism spectra. The addition of 11S globulin increased the contents of α-helix, ß-turn and random coil, but decreased ß-sheet content, and the change in secondary structure was correlated with particle size. Moreover, exposure of hydrophobic groups and formation of disulfide bonds occurred in the complexes. Molecular dynamics simulation verified these experimental results through analyses of root mean square deviation and fluctuation, hydrogen bond, secondary structure, and binding free energy analysis. This study contributes to expounding the interaction mechanism of protein and protein from the molecular level.


Assuntos
Globulinas , Oryza , Glutens/química , Soja , Oryza/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Globulinas/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
9.
J Chem Phys ; 160(4)2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38284653

RESUMO

The optical surface of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography machines is highly vulnerable to contamination by hydrocarbons, resulting in the formation of carbon deposits that significantly degrade the quality and efficiency of lithography. The dynamic gas lock (DGL) has been proven as an effective approach to alleviate carbon deposition. However, the majority of existing studies on carbon deposition neglect the influence of the DGL. This paper is dedicated to investigating the phenomena of hydrocarbon adsorption, desorption, and cleavage with considering the effects of the DGL. A comprehensive mathematical model of the carbon deposition process is established, and the impact of radiation intensity, temperature, and hydrocarbon types on the depositing rate is considered. The results suggest that the primary cause of carbon deposition is the direct cracking of hydrocarbons induced by photons with a wavelength range between 12.5 and 14.5 nm. Additionally, it has been observed that the carbon deposition rate decreases exponentially as clean gas flow increases when EUV radiation intensity exceeds 50 mW/mm2. Conversely, at low EUV radiation intensity, clean gas flow has little effect on the carbon deposition rate. An effective approach to mitigate carbon deposition is to elevate the temperature of the optical surface and employ light hydrocarbon materials in the EUV process.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(2)2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38257417

RESUMO

In the process of data transmission in mobile ad hoc networks, it is essential to establish optimal routes from source nodes to destination nodes. However, as network density increases, this process is often accompanied by a significant rise in network overhead. To address this issue, the ND-AODV (neighborhood density AODV) protocol has been introduced, which reduces the probability of transmitting control information in high-density node environments to mitigate network overhead. Nevertheless, this may come at the cost of reduced routing accuracy, potentially leading to unnecessary resource wastage in certain scenarios. Furthermore, ND-AODV does not comprehensively consider the location of the receiving nodes, which limits its ability to reduce network overhead effectively. To overcome these limitations, this paper introduces a novel routing approach, known as CND-AODV (common neighborhood density AODV). In comparison to ND-AODV, CND-AODV offers a more comprehensive solution to the challenges posed by high-density network environments. It intelligently processes control information based on the special positioning of the receiving nodes, thereby significantly reducing unnecessary network overhead. Through simulation experiments comparing performance metrics such as throughput, packet delivery rate, and latency, the results clearly indicate that CND-AODV substantially decreases network overhead, enhancing network performance. Compared to ND-AODV, this innovative routing approach exhibits significant advantages. It provides a more efficient and reliable solution for ad hoc networks in high-density environments.

11.
Sci China Life Sci ; 67(2): 230-257, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38212460

RESUMO

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which is composed of a continuous network of tubules and sheets, forms the most widely distributed membrane system in eukaryotic cells. As a result, it engages a variety of organelles by establishing membrane contact sites (MCSs). These contacts regulate organelle positioning and remodeling, including fusion and fission, facilitate precise lipid exchange, and couple vital signaling events. Here, we systematically review recent advances and converging themes on ER-involved organellar contact. The molecular basis, cellular influence, and potential physiological functions for ER/nuclear envelope contacts with mitochondria, Golgi, endosomes, lysosomes, lipid droplets, autophagosomes, and plasma membrane are summarized.


Assuntos
Retículo Endoplasmático , Complexo de Golgi , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Complexo de Golgi/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Endossomos/metabolismo
12.
Nat Chem Biol ; 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38287154

RESUMO

Synchronized ferroptosis contributes to nephron loss in acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the propagation signals and the underlying mechanisms of the synchronized ferroptosis for renal tubular injury remain unresolved. Here we report that platelet-activating factor (PAF) and PAF-like phospholipids (PAF-LPLs) mediated synchronized ferroptosis and contributed to AKI. The emergence of PAF and PAF-LPLs in ferroptosis caused the instability of biomembranes and signaled the cell death of neighboring cells. This cascade could be suppressed by PAF-acetylhydrolase (II) (PAFAH2) or by addition of antibodies against PAF. Genetic knockout or pharmacological inhibition of PAFAH2 increased PAF production, augmented synchronized ferroptosis and exacerbated ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced AKI. Notably, intravenous administration of wild-type PAFAH2 protein, but not its enzymatically inactive mutants, prevented synchronized tubular cell death, nephron loss and AKI. Our findings offer an insight into the mechanisms of synchronized ferroptosis and suggest a possibility for the preventive intervention of AKI.

13.
J Sci Food Agric ; 104(4): 2484-2492, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37972116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is well known that hemp proteins have the disadvantages of poor solubility and poor emulsification. To improve these shortcomings, an alkali covalent cross-linking method was used to prepare hemp protein isolate-epigallocatechin-3-gallate biopolymer (HPI-EGCG) and the effects of different heat treatment conditions on the structure and emulsifying properties of the HPI-EGCG covalent complex were studied. RESULTS: The secondary and tertiary structures, solubility, and emulsification ability of the HPI-EGCG complexes were evaluated using particle size, zeta potential, circular dichroism (CD), and fluorescence spectroscopy indices. The results showed that the absolute value of zeta potential of HPI-EGCG covalent complex was the largest, 18.6 mV, and the maximum binding amount of HPI to EGCG was 29.18 µmol g-1 . Under heat treatment at 25-35 °C, the α-helix content was reduced from 1.87% to 0%, and the ß-helix content was reduced from 82.79% to 0% after the covalent binding of HPI and EGCG. The solubility and emulsification properties of the HPI-EGCG covalent complexes were improved significantly, and the emulsification activity index (EAI) and emulsion stability index (ESI) were increased by 2.77-fold and 1.21-fold, respectively. CONCLUSION: A new HPI-EGCG covalent complex was developed in this study to provide a theoretical basis for the application of HPI-EGCG in food industry. © 2023 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Cannabis , Catequina , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Cannabis/química , Calefação , Antioxidantes/química , Catequina/química , Biopolímeros
14.
J Neuroradiol ; 51(1): 74-81, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37442272

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Traditional flow diverters (FDs) for treating aneurysms at the fetal posterior communicating artery are unsatisfactory. Surpass Streamline is a novel FD with different mesh characteristics; however, the outcomes for such aneurysms remain unclear. This study aimed to compare hemodynamic alterations induced by Surpass Streamline, Pipeline Flex, and Tubridge devices and explore possible strategies for aneurysms at the fetal posterior communicating artery. METHODS: Two simulated aneurysms (Case 1, Case 2) were constructed from digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The three FDs were virtually deployed, and hemodynamic analysis based on computational fluid dynamics was performed. Hemodynamic parameters, including the sac-averaged velocity magnitude (Velocity), high-flow volume (HFV), and wall shear stress (WSS), were compared between each FD and the untreated model (control). Surpass Streamline was performed in real life for two aneurysms and the clinical outcomes were collected for analysis. RESULTS: Compared to the control, the Surpass resulted in the most significant reduction in flow. In Case 1, the Velocity, HFV, and WSS were reduced by 51.6%, 78.1%, and 64.3%, respectively. In Case 2, the Velocity, HFV, and WSS were reduced by 48.0%, 81.1%, and 65.3%, respectively. Tubridge showed slightly larger changes in hemodynamic parameters than Pipeline. In addition, our analysis suggested that metal coverage was correlated with the WSS, Velocity, and HFV. The postoperative DSA showed that the aneurysm was nearly occluded in Case 1 and decreased in Case 2. CONCLUSION: Compared to that with the Pipeline and Tubridge, the Surpass resulted in the greatest reduction in hemodynamic parameters and might be effective for aneurysms at the fetal posterior communicating artery. Virtual FD deployment and computational fluid dynamics analysis may be used to predict the treatment outcomes.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Intracraniano , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica , Resultado do Tratamento , Hidrodinâmica , Artérias
15.
Phys Rev E ; 108(4-1): 044408, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37978695

RESUMO

Machine learning algorithms offer a tool to boost mobility and flexibility of a synthetic microswimmer, hence may help us design truly smart microrobots. In this work, we design a two-gait microrobot swimming in circular or helical trajectory. It utilizes the coupling between flagellum elasticity and resistive force to change the characteristics of swimming trajectory. Leveraging a deep reinforcement learning (DRL) approach, we show that the microrobot can self-learn chemotactic motion autonomously (without heuristics) using only several current and historical chemoattractant concentration and curvature information. The learned strategy is more efficient than a human-devised shortsighted strategy and can be further greatly improved in a stochastic environment. Furthermore, in the helical trajectory case, if additional heuristic information of direction is supplemented to evaluate the strategy during the learning process, then a highly efficient strategy can be discovered by the DRL. The microrobot can quickly align the helix vector to the gradient direction using just several smart sequential gait switchings. The success for the efficient strategies depends on how much historical information is provided and also the steering angle step size of the microrobot. Our results provide useful guidance for the design and smart maneuver of synthetic spermlike microswimmers.

16.
Food Res Int ; 173(Pt 2): 113473, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37803796

RESUMO

This study aimed to hydrolyze soy isolate protein (SPI) using five enzymes (alcalase, pepsin, trypsin, papain, and bromelain) in order to obtain five enzymatic hydrolysates and to elucidate the effect of enzymes on structural and biological activities of the resulting hydrolysates. The antioxidant and hypoglycemic activities of the soy protein isolate hydrolysates (SPIEHs) were evaluated through in silico analysis, revealing that the alcalase hydrolysate exhibited the highest potential, followed by the papain and bromelain hydrolysates. Subsequently, the degree of hydrolysis (DH), molecular weight distribution (MWD), amino acid composition, structure, antioxidant activities, and hypoglycemic activity in vitro of SPIEHs were analyzed. After enzymatic treatment, the particle size, polymer dispersity index (PDI), ζ-potentials, ß-sheet content and α-helix content of SPIEHs was decreased, and the maximum emission wavelength of all SPIEHs exhibited red-shifted, which all suggesting the structure of SPIEHs was unfolded. More total amino acids (TAAs), aromatic amino acids (AAAs), and hydrophobic amino acids (HAAs) were found in alcalase hydrolysate. For 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, metal ion chelating activity, α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and α-amylase inhibitory activity, alcalase hydrolysate had the lowest IC50; alcalase hydrolysate and papain hydrolysate had the lowest IC50 for hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. Physiological activity of SPIEHs was evaluated thoroughly by 5-Axe cobweb charts, and the results revealed that alcalase hydrolysate exhibited the greatest biological activities.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Bromelaínas , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Papaína/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Proteínas de Soja , Aminoácidos , Subtilisinas/química
17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(36): e202308523, 2023 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37370248

RESUMO

Constructing a powerful photocatalytic system that can achieve the carbon dioxide (CO2 ) reduction half-reaction and the water (H2 O) oxidation half-reaction simultaneously is a very challenging but meaningful task. Herein, a porous material with a crystalline topological network, named viCOF-bpy-Re, was rationally synthesized by incorporating rhenium complexes as reductive sites and triazine ring structures as oxidative sites via robust -C=C- bond linkages. The charge-separation ability of viCOF-bpy-Re is promoted by low polarized π-bridges between rhenium complexes and triazine ring units, and the efficient charge-separation enables the photogenerated electron-hole pairs, followed by an intramolecular charge-transfer process, to form photogenerated electrons involved in CO2 reduction and photogenerated holes that participate in H2 O oxidation simultaneously. The viCOF-bpy-Re shows the highest catalytic photocatalytic carbon monoxide (CO) production rate (190.6 µmol g-1 h-1 with about 100 % selectivity) and oxygen (O2 ) evolution (90.2 µmol g-1 h-1 ) among all the porous catalysts in CO2 reduction with H2 O as sacrificial agents. Therefore, a powerful photocatalytic system was successfully achieved, and this catalytic system exhibited excellent stability in the catalysis process for 50 hours. The structure-function relationship was confirmed by femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations.

18.
Front Nutr ; 10: 1122045, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37342551

RESUMO

Postmenopausal osteoporosis is one of the most common metabolic diseases in old women, and supplementing estrogen through bioactive substances is one of the important ways to improve menopausal syndrome. Some studies have confirmed that soybean isoflavone has estrogenic activity, and the main active component of soybean isoflavones is isoflavone aglycones. However, few studies have investigated the improvement effect of high-purity soy isoflavone aglycones on postmenopausal osteoporosis. Thus, the effect of different doses of high-purity soybeans isoflavone aglycone on the ovariectomized female osteoporosis rat model was evaluated by oral gavage. The rats were divided into seven experimental groups including SHAM, OVX, EE, SIHP, AFDP-L, AFDP-M, and AFDP-H, which was administered for 60 days from 30 days after ovariectomy. We collected blood from the abdominal aorta of rats on the 30th, 60th, and 90th days respectively, analyzed its serum biochemistry, and took out the femur for micro-CT imaging and bone microstructure parameter analysis. Results showed that the intervention effect of AFDP-H group on osteoporosis rats at 60 and 90 days was similar to that of EE group, and superior to the OVX group, SIHP group, AFDP-L group, AFDP-M group. The AFDP-H group inhibited the decrease in serum bone markers, bone density, trabeculae quantity, trabeculae thickness, and bone volume fraction, and increased the trabecular separation caused by ovariectomy, thereby significantly improving bone microstructure. It also prevented continuous weight gain and increased cholesterol levels in female rats. This study provided theoretical to application of soybean isoflavone aglycone in the intervention of osteoporosis. and confirmed that could replace chemical synthetic estrogen drugs.

19.
J Sci Food Agric ; 103(13): 6566-6573, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37229570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study used enzymatic and Ca2+ cross-linking methods to prepare edible soy protein isolate (SPI) and sodium alginate (SA) interpenetrating polymer network hydrogels to overcome the disadvantages of traditional interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) hydrogels, such as poor performance, high toxicity, and inedibility. The influence of changes in SPI and SA mass ratio on the performance of SPI-SA IPN hydrogels was investigated. RESULTS: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the structure of the hydrogels. Texture profile analysis (TPA), rheological properties, swelling rate, and Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) were used to evaluate physical and chemical properties and safety. The results showed that, compared with SPI hydrogel, IPN hydrogels had better gel properties and structural stability. As the mass ratio of SPI-SA IPN changed from 1:0.2 to 1:1, the gel network structure of hydrogels also tended to be dense and uniform. The water retention and mechanical properties of these hydrogels, such as storage modulus (G'), loss modulus (G"), and gel hardness increased significantly and were greater than those of the SPI hydrogel. Cytotoxicity tests were also performed. The biocompatibility of these hydrogels was good. CONCLUSIONS: This study proposes a new method to prepare food-grade IPN hydrogels with mechanical properties of SPI and SA, which may have strong potential for the development of new foods. © 2023 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Hidrogéis , Hidrogéis/química , Alginatos/química , Polímeros/química , Proteínas de Soja , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
20.
Food Res Int ; 169: 112910, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37254348

RESUMO

The structure properties, stability and ß-carotene slow-release mechanism of soybean protein isolate-citrus pectin-gallic acid complex (SPI-CP-GA) stabilized high-internal phase Pickering emulsion (HIPPE) were investigated. The results showed that compared with the SPI-CP binary complex, the turbidity of the SPI-CP-GA ternary complex increased from 2.174 ± 0.001 to 3.027 ± 0.001, the surface wettability was increased, the infrared peaks was blue-shifted, changed from hydrophilic to hydrophobic, and the equilibrium interfacial tension of particles increased from 10.77 ± 0.02 mN/m to 13.46 ± 0.03 mN/m, the complex was more stable. When the GA was 2.0 mg/mL, the encapsulation efficiency of ß-carotene was higher. With increased GA concentration and oil phase volume fraction (φ), the apparent viscosity and viscoelastic behavior of HIPPE performed well, forming a stable gel network structure. After 30 days of storage, there was no oil separation in the sample group with GA concentration of 2.0 mg/mL and φ = 0.7, and the stability was strong. After gastrointestinal digestion, the particle size of the HIPPE decreased from 13.51 ± 0.86 µm to 7.70 ± 0.68 µm, the free fatty acid (FFA) release rate was 22.03%, and the bioaccessibility of ß-carotene was 6.67 ± 0.19%, and the sustained-release effect was obvious. These results indicated that the SPI-CP-GA ternary complex is a potential stabilizer for HIPPE, and providing theoretical guidance for the design of protein-polysaccharide-polyphenol stabilized HIPPE.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Soja , beta Caroteno , Emulsões/química , Proteínas de Soja/química , beta Caroteno/química , Ácido Gálico , Digestão
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