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1.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1341423, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445264

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to assess if there are sex differences in the functional outcome of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) among patients with lacunar stroke (LS). Methods: Consecutive patients admitted from 1 January 2014 to 31 January 2020 to hospitals participating in the Swiss Stroke Registry presenting with LS and treated with IVT were included. The study population was then divided into two groups based on patient sex, and a multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis was performed to uncover sex differences in the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 90 days after stroke. Results: A total of 413 patients with LS were treated with IVT: 177 (42.9%) women and 236 (57.1%) men. Women were older than men (median age 74 years, 25th-75th percentiles 67-84 years versus 70 years, 25th-75th percentiles 60-80 years, value of p 0.001) and, after adjustment for meaningful variables, showed more frequently increased odds of a higher mRS score at 90 days after stroke (adjusted odds ratio 1.49, 95% confidence interval 1.01-2.19, value of p 0.044). Conclusion: This study showed that female sex increased the odds of a worse functional response to IVT in patients with LS. Future studies should further elucidate the mechanisms underlying such sex differences.

2.
Ecol Lett ; 27(2): e14371, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361471

RESUMO

It is widely acknowledged that biodiversity change is affecting human well-being by altering the supply of Nature's Contributions to People (NCP). Nevertheless, the role of individual species in this relationship remains obscure. In this article, we present a framework that combines the cascade model from ecosystem services research with network theory from community ecology. This allows us to quantitatively link NCP demanded by people to the networks of interacting species that underpin them. We show that this "network cascade" framework can reveal the number, identity and importance of the individual species that drive NCP and of the environmental conditions that support them. This information is highly valuable in demonstrating the importance of biodiversity in supporting human well-being and can help inform the management of biodiversity in social-ecological systems.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Ecossistema , Humanos , Ecologia
3.
World Neurosurg ; 183: e432-e439, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38154680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigates the impact of general anesthesia (GA) versus conscious sedation/local anesthesia (CS/LA) on the outcome of patients with minor stroke and isolated M2 occlusion undergoing immediate mechanical thrombectomy (iMT). METHODS: The databases of 16 comprehensive stroke centers were retrospectively screened for consecutive patients with isolated M2 occlusion and a baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score ≤5 who received iMT. Propensity score matching was used to estimate the effect of GA versus CS/LA on clinical outcomes and procedure-related adverse events. The primary outcome measure was a 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-1. Secondary outcome measures were a 90-day mRS score of 0-2 and all-cause mortality, successful reperfusion, procedural-related symptomatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, intraprocedural dissections, and new territory embolism. RESULTS: Of the 172 patients who were selected, 55 received GA and 117 CS/LA. After propensity score matching, 47 pairs of patients were available for analysis. We found no significant differences in clinical outcome, rates of efficient reperfusion, and procedural-related complications between patients receiving GA or LA/CS (mRS score 0-1, P = 0.815; mRS score 0-2, P = 0.401; all-cause mortality, P = 0.408; modified Treatment in Cerebral Infarction score 2b-3, P = 0.374; symptomatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, P = 0.082; intraprocedural dissection, P = 0.408; new territory embolism, P = 0.462). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with minor stroke and isolated M2 occlusion undergoing iMT, the type of anesthesia does not affect clinical outcome or the rate of procedural-related complications. Our results agree with recent data showing no benefit of one specific anesthesiologic procedure over the other and confirm their generalizability also to patients with minor baseline symptoms.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Embolia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Humanos , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Anestesia Local/efeitos adversos , Sedação Consciente/métodos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Trombectomia/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Embolia/complicações
4.
CNS Drugs ; 37(4): 351-361, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36976463

RESUMO

AIM: To compare safety and functional outcomes of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) between females and males with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) in relation to preadmission use of antiplatelets. METHODS: Multicentre cohort study of patients admitted from 1 January 2014 to 31 January 2020 to hospitals participating in the Swiss Stroke Registry, presenting with AIS and receiving IVT. Primary safety outcome was in-hospital symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage (sICH). Primary functional outcome was functional independence at 3 months after discharge. Multivariable logistic regression models were fitted to assess the association between sex and each outcome according to preadmission use of antiplatelets. RESULTS: The study included 4996 patients (42.51 % females, older than males, median age 79 vs 71 years, p < 0.0001). Comparable proportions of females (39.92 %) and males (40.39 %) used antiplatelets before admission (p = 0.74). In total, 3.06 % females and 2.47 % males developed in-hospital sICH (p = 0.19), with similar odds (adjusted odds ratio, [AOR] 0.93, 95 % confidence interval, [CI] 0.63-1.39). No interaction was found between sex and preadmission use of either single or dual antiplatelets in relation to in-hospital sICH (p = 0.94 and p = 0.23). Males had higher odds of functional independence at 3 months (AOR 1.34, 95 % CI 1.09-1.65), regardless of preadmission use of antiplatelets (interaction between sex and preadmission use of either single or dual antiplatelets p = 0.41 and p = 0.58). CONCLUSION: No sex differences were observed in the safety of IVT regarding preadmission use of antiplatelets. Males showed more favourable 3-month functional independence than females; however, this sex difference was apparently not explained by a sex-specific mechanism related to preadmission use of antiplatelets.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Coortes , Resultado do Tratamento , Hemorragia Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual
5.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 16(1): 38-44, 2023 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36977569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with minor stroke and M2 occlusion undergoing best medical management (BMM) may face early neurological deterioration (END) that can lead to poor long-term outcome. In case of END, rescue mechanical thrombectomy (rMT) seems beneficial. Our study aimed to define factors relevant to clinical outcome in patients undergoing BMM with the possibility of rMT on END, and find predictors of END. METHODS: Patients with M2 occlusion and a baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score≤5 that received either BMM only or rMT on END after BMM were extracted from the databases of 16 comprehensive stroke centers. Clinical outcome measures were a 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-1 or 0-2, and occurrence of END. RESULTS: Among 10 169 consecutive patients with large vessel occlusion admitted between 2016 and 2021, 208 patients were available for analysis. END was reported in 87 patients that were therefore all subjected to rMT. In a logistic regression model, END (OR 3.386, 95% CI 1.428 to 8.032), baseline NIHSS score (OR 1.362, 95% CI 1.004 to 1.848) and a pre-event mRS score=1 (OR 3.226, 95% CI 1.229 to 8.465) were associated with unfavorable outcome. In patients with END, successful rMT was associated with favorable outcome (OR 4.549, 95% CI 1.098 to 18.851). Among baseline clinical and neuroradiological features, presence of atrial fibrillation was a predictor of END (OR 3.547, 95% CI 1.014 to 12.406). CONCLUSION: Patients with minor stroke due to M2 occlusion and atrial fibrillation should be closely monitored for possible worsening during BMM and, in this case, promptly considered for rMT.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia
6.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 15(e2): e198-e203, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36223995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with isolated M2 occlusion and minor symptoms and identify possible baseline predictors of clinical outcome. METHODS: The databases of 16 high-volume stroke centers were retrospectively screened for consecutive patients with isolated M2 occlusion and a baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≤5 who received either early MT (eMT) or best medical management (BMM) with the possibility of rescue MT (rMT) on early neurological worsening. Because our patients were not randomized, we used propensity score matching (PSM) to estimate the treatment effect of eMT compared with the BMM/rMT. The primary clinical outcome measure was a 90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0-1. RESULTS: 388 patients were initially selected and, after PSM, 100 pairs of patients receiving eMT or BMM/rMT were available for analysis. We found no significant differences in clinical outcome and in safety measures between patients receiving eMT or BMM/rMT. Similar results were also observed after comparison between eMT and rMT. Concerning baseline predicting factors of outcome, the involvement of the M2 inferior branch was associated with a favorable outcome. CONCLUSION: Our multicenter retrospective analysis has shown no benefit of eMT in minor stroke patients with isolated M2 occlusion over a more conservative therapeutic approach. Although our results must be viewed with caution, in these patients it appears reasonable to consider BMM as the first option and rMT in the presence of early neurological deterioration.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Terapia Trombolítica , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia
7.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 32(1): 106866, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427471

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cerebral perfusion imaging may be used to identify the ischemic core in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with a large vessel occlusion of the anterior circulation; however, perfusion parameters that predict the ischemic core in AIS patients with a basilar artery occlusion (BAO) are poorly described. We determined which cerebral perfusion parameters best predict the ischemic core after successful endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in BAO patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed multicenter retrospective study of BAO patients with perfusion imaging before EVT and a DWI after successful EVT. The ischemic core was defined as regions on CTP, which were co-registered to the final DWI infarct. Various time-to-maximum (Tmax) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) thresholds were compared to final infarct volume to determine the best predictor of the final infarct. RESULTS: 28 patients were included in the analysis for this study. Tmax >8s (r2: 0.56; median absolute error, 16.0 mL) and Tmax >10s (r2: 0.73; median absolute error, 11.3 mL) showed the strongest agreement between the pre-EVT CTP study and the final DWI. CBF <38% (r2: 0.76; median absolute error, 8.2 mL) and CBF <34% (r2: 0.76; median absolute error, 9.1 mL) also correlated well with final infarct volume on DWI. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-EVT CT perfusion imaging is useful to predict the final ischemic infarct volume in BAO patients. Tmax >8s and Tmax >10s were the strongest predictors of the post-EVT final infarct volume.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Basilar , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Infarto , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Imagem de Perfusão/métodos
8.
Neurology ; 100(7): e739-e750, 2023 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: COVID-19-related inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and coagulopathy may increase the bleeding risk and lower the efficacy of revascularization treatments in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We aimed to evaluate the safety and outcomes of revascularization treatments in patients with AIS and COVID-19. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter cohort study of consecutive patients with AIS receiving intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and/or endovascular treatment (EVT) between March 2020 and June 2021 tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. With a doubly robust model combining propensity score weighting and multivariate regression, we studied the association of COVID-19 with intracranial bleeding complications and clinical outcomes. Subgroup analyses were performed according to treatment groups (IVT-only and EVT). RESULTS: Of a total of 15,128 included patients from 105 centers, 853 (5.6%) were diagnosed with COVID-19; of those, 5,848 (38.7%) patients received IVT-only and 9,280 (61.3%) EVT (with or without IVT). Patients with COVID-19 had a higher rate of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) (adjusted OR 1.53; 95% CI 1.16-2.01), symptomatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SSAH) (OR 1.80; 95% CI 1.20-2.69), SICH and/or SSAH combined (OR 1.56; 95% CI 1.23-1.99), 24-hour mortality (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.58-3.86), and 3-month mortality (OR 1.88; 95% CI 1.52-2.33). Patients with COVID-19 also had an unfavorable shift in the distribution of the modified Rankin score at 3 months (OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.26-1.60). DISCUSSION: Patients with AIS and COVID-19 showed higher rates of intracranial bleeding complications and worse clinical outcomes after revascularization treatments than contemporaneous non-COVID-19 patients receiving treatment. Current available data do not allow direct conclusions to be drawn on the effectiveness of revascularization treatments in patients with COVID-19 or to establish different treatment recommendations in this subgroup of patients with ischemic stroke. Our findings can be taken into consideration for treatment decisions, patient monitoring, and establishing prognosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION: The study was registered under ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT04895462.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , COVID-19 , Procedimentos Endovasculares , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/epidemiologia , AVC Isquêmico/cirurgia , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , COVID-19/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros
9.
J Stroke ; 24(2): 266-277, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35677981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Knowledge about different etiologies of non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and their outcomes is scarce. METHODS: We assessed prevalence of pre-specified ICH etiologies and their association with outcomes in consecutive ICH patients enrolled in the prospective Swiss Stroke Registry (2014 to 2019). RESULTS: We included 2,650 patients (mean±standard deviation age 72±14 years, 46.5% female, median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale 8 [interquartile range, 3 to 15]). Etiology was as follows: hypertension, 1,238 (46.7%); unknown, 566 (21.4%); antithrombotic therapy, 227 (8.6%); cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), 217 (8.2%); macrovascular cause, 128 (4.8%); other determined etiology, 274 patients (10.3%). At 3 months, 880 patients (33.2%) were functionally independent and 664 had died (25.1%). ICH due to hypertension had a higher odds of functional independence (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00 to 1.77; P=0.05) and lower mortality (aOR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.47 to 0.86; P=0.003). ICH due to antithrombotic therapy had higher mortality (aOR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.01 to 2.61; P=0.045). Within 3 months, 4.2% of patients had cerebrovascular events. The rate of ischemic stroke was higher than that of recurrent ICH in all etiologies but CAA and unknown etiology. CAA had high odds of recurrent ICH (aOR, 3.38; 95% CI, 1.48 to 7.69; P=0.004) while the odds was lower in ICH due to hypertension (aOR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.93; P=0.031). CONCLUSIONS: Although hypertension is the leading etiology of ICH, other etiologies are frequent. One-third of ICH patients are functionally independent at 3 months. Except for patients with presumed CAA, the risk of ischemic stroke within 3 months of ICH was higher than the risk of recurrent hemorrhage.

10.
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry ; 93(6): 588-598, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35396339

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the aetiology, subsequent preventive strategies and outcomes of stroke despite anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: We analysed consecutive patients with AF with an index imaging-proven ischaemic stroke despite vitamin K-antagonist (VKA) or direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) treatment across 11 stroke centres. We classified stroke aetiology as: (i) competing stroke mechanism other than AF-related cardioembolism; (ii) insufficient anticoagulation (non-adherence or low anticoagulant activity measured with drug-specific assays); or, (iii) AF-related cardioembolism despite sufficient anticoagulation. We investigated subsequent preventive strategies with regard to the primary (composite of recurrent ischaemic stroke, intracranial haemorrhage, death) and secondary endpoint (recurrent ischaemic stroke) within 3 months after index stroke. RESULTS: Among 2946 patients (median age 81 years; 48% women; 43% VKA, 57% DOAC), stroke aetiology was competing mechanism in 713 patients (24%), insufficient anticoagulation in 934 (32%) and cardioembolism despite sufficient anticoagulation in 1299 (44%). We found high rates of the primary (27% of patients; completeness 91.6%) and secondary endpoint (4.6%; completeness 88.5%). Only DOAC (vs VKA) treatment after index stroke showed lower odds for both endpoints (primary: adjusted OR (aOR) (95% CI) 0.49 (0.32 to 0.73); secondary: 0.44 (0.24 to 0.80)), but not switching between different DOAC types. Adding antiplatelets showed higher odds for both endpoints (primary: aOR (95% CI) 1.99 (1.25 to 3.15); secondary: 2.66 (1.40 to 5.04)). Only few patients (1%) received left atrial appendage occlusion as additional preventive strategy. CONCLUSIONS: Stroke despite anticoagulation comprises heterogeneous aetiologies and cardioembolism despite sufficient anticoagulation is most common. While DOAC were associated with better outcomes than VKA, adding antiplatelets was linked to worse outcomes in these high-risk patients. Our findings indicate that individualised and novel preventive strategies beyond the currently available anticoagulants are needed. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN48292829.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Administração Oral , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevenção Secundária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
11.
Stroke ; 53(5): 1520-1529, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35341319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment in large artery occlusion stroke reduces disability. However, the impact of anesthesia type on clinical outcomes remains uncertain. METHODS: We compared consecutive patients in the Swiss Stroke Registry with anterior circulation stroke receiving endovascular treatment with or without general anesthesia (GA). The primary outcome was disability on the modified Rankin Scale after 3 months, analyzed with ordered logistic regression. Secondary outcomes included dependency or death (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale after 24 hours, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage with ≥4 points worsening on National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale within 7 days, and mortality. Coarsened exact matching and propensity score matching were performed to adjust for indication bias. RESULTS: One thousand two hundred eighty-four patients (GA: n=851, non-GA: n=433) from 8 Stroke Centers were included. Patients treated with GA had higher modified Rankin Scale scores after 3 months than patients treated without GA, in the unmatched (odds ratio [OR], 1.75 [1.42-2.16]; P<0.001), the coarsened exact matching (n=332-524, using multiple imputations of missing values; OR, 1.60 [1.08-2.36]; P=0.020), and the propensity score matching analysis (n=568; OR, 1.61 [1.20-2.15]; P=0.001). In the coarsened exact matching analysis, there were no significant differences in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale after 1 day (estimated coefficient 2.61 [0.59-4.64]), symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (OR, 1.06 [0.30-3.75]), dependency or death (OR, 1.42 [0.91-2.23]), or mortality (OR, 1.65 [0.94-2.89]). In the propensity score matching analysis, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale after 24 hours (estimated coefficient, 3.40 [1.76-5.04]), dependency or death (OR, 1.49 [1.07-2.07]), and mortality (OR, 1.65 [1.11-2.45]) were higher in the GA group, whereas symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage did not differ significantly (OR, 1.77 [0.73-4.29]). CONCLUSIONS: This large study showed worse functional outcome after endovascular treatment of anterior circulation stroke with GA than without GA in a real-world setting. This finding appears to be independent of known differences in patient characteristics between groups.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
12.
Transl Res ; 244: 114-125, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35202881

RESUMO

Cardiovascular (CV) disease represents the most common cause of death in developed countries. Risk assessment is highly relevant to intervene at individual level and implement prevention strategies. Circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs) are involved in the development and progression of CV diseases and are considered promising biomarkers. We aimed at identifying an EV signature to improve the stratification of patients according to CV risk and likelihood to develop fatal CV events. EVs were characterized by nanoparticle tracking analysis and flow cytometry for a standardized panel of 37 surface antigens in a cross-sectional multicenter cohort (n = 486). CV profile was defined by presence of different indicators (age, sex, body mass index, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, coronary artery disease, cardiac heart failure, chronic kidney disease, smoking habit, organ damage) and according to the 10-year risk of fatal CV events estimated using SCORE charts of European Society of Cardiology. By combining expression levels of EV antigens using unsupervised learning, patients were classified into 3 clusters: Cluster-I (n = 288), Cluster-II (n = 83), Cluster-III (n = 30). A separate analysis was conducted on patients displaying acute CV events (n = 82). Prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, chronic heart failure, and organ damage (defined as left ventricular hypertrophy and/or microalbuminuria) increased progressively from Cluster-I to Cluster-III. Several EV antigens, including markers for platelets (CD41b-CD42a-CD62P), leukocytes (CD1c-CD2-CD3-CD4-CD8-CD14-CD19-CD20-CD25-CD40-CD45-CD69-CD86), and endothelium (CD31-CD105) were independently associated with CV risk indicators and correlated to age, blood pressure, glucometabolic profile, renal function, and SCORE risk. EV profiling, obtained from minimally invasive blood sampling, allows accurate patient stratification according to CV risk profile.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Vesículas Extracelulares , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hipertensão , Biomarcadores , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Aprendizado de Máquina não Supervisionado
13.
Zootaxa ; 5195(4): 337-360, 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37045284

RESUMO

The species Lemonia taraxaci (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1755) is divided into three species based on distribution areas and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) distances above 2%: Central European Lemonia taraxaci (type locality: Austria, Vienna area), Eastern European to South Siberian Lemonia sibirica Wnukowsky, 1934 stat. rev., bona sp. (type locality: Russia, Novosibirsk Oblast, Ozero-Karachi and Russia, Altai Krai, Kornilovo), and Italian Lemonia italiana sp. n. (type locality: Italy, Calabria centr., Sila grd., Casali del Manco, San Nicola Silano (CS)). Authorship of Lemonia strigata Antoshin & Zolotuhin, 2011 is reconsidered. The close relation between the typical L. strigata and taraxaci-like adults from the Balkans is proven genetically. According to this, L. strigata is suggested to be a junior synonym of taraxaci-looking Lemonia taraxaci var. montana Buresch, 1915 (type locality: Bulgaria, Rhodope Mts, Musala), although further DNA investigation is needed to prove this hypothesis.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Animais , Itália , Mariposas/genética , Autoria
14.
Ann Neurol ; 91(1): 23-32, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Perfusion imaging identifies anterior circulation stroke patients who respond favorably to endovascular thrombectomy (ET), but its role in basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is unknown. We hypothesized that BAO patients with limited regions of severe hypoperfusion (time to reach maximum concentration in seconds [Tmax] > 10) would have a favorable response to ET compared to patients with more extensive regions involved. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective cohort study of BAO patients with perfusion imaging prior to ET. We prespecified a Critical Area Perfusion Score (CAPS; 0-6 points), which quantified severe hypoperfusion (Tmax > 10) in cerebellum (1 point/hemisphere), pons (2 points), and midbrain and/or thalamus (2 points). Patients were dichotomized into favorable (CAPS ≤ 3) and unfavorable (CAPS > 3) groups. The primary outcome was a favorable functional outcome 90 days after ET (modified Rankin Scale = 0-3). RESULTS: One hundred three patients were included. CAPS ≤ 3 patients (87%) had a lower median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (NIHSS; 12.5, interquartile range [IQR] = 7-22) compared to CAPS > 3 patients (13%; 23, IQR = 19-36; p = 0.01). Reperfusion was achieved in 84% of all patients, with no difference between CAPS groups (p = 0.42). Sixty-four percent of reperfused CAPS ≤ 3 patients had a favorable outcome compared to 8% of nonreperfused CAPS ≤ 3 patients (odds ratio [OR] = 21.0, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.6-170; p < 0.001). No CAPS > 3 patients had a favorable outcome, regardless of reperfusion. In a multivariate regression analysis, CAPS ≤ 3 was a robust independent predictor of favorable outcome after adjustment for reperfusion, age, and pre-ET NIHSS (OR = 39.25, 95% CI = 1.34->999, p = 0.04). INTERPRETATION: BAO patients with limited regions of severe hypoperfusion had a favorable response to reperfusion following ET. However, patients with more extensive regions of hypoperfusion in critical brain regions did not benefit from endovascular reperfusion. ANN NEUROL 2022;91:23-32.


Assuntos
Imagem de Perfusão/métodos , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroimagem/métodos , Reperfusão/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/patologia
15.
Eur J Neurol ; 29(3): 732-743, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34845794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most case series of patients with ischemic stroke (IS) and COVID-19 are limited to selected centers or lack 3-month outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency, clinical and radiological features, and 3-month outcomes of patients with IS and COVID-19 in a nationwide stroke registry. METHODS: From the Swiss Stroke Registry (SSR), we included all consecutive IS patients ≥18 years admitted to Swiss Stroke Centers or Stroke Units during the first wave of COVID-19 (25 February to 8 June 2020). We compared baseline features, etiology, and 3-month outcome of SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction-positive (PCR+) IS patients to SARS-CoV-2 PCR- and/or asymptomatic non-tested IS patients. RESULTS: Of the 2341 IS patients registered in the SSR during the study period, 36 (1.5%) had confirmed COVID-19 infection, of which 33 were within 1 month before or after stroke onset. In multivariate analysis, COVID+ patients had more lesions in multiple vascular territories (OR 2.35, 95% CI 1.08-5.14, p = 0.032) and fewer cryptogenic strokes (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.14-0.99, p = 0.049). COVID-19 was judged the likely principal cause of stroke in 8 patients (24%), a contributing/triggering factor in 12 (36%), and likely not contributing to stroke in 13 patients (40%). There was a strong trend towards worse functional outcome in COVID+ patients after propensity score (PS) adjustment for age, stroke severity, and revascularization treatments (PS-adjusted common OR for shift towards higher modified Rankin Scale (mRS) = 1.85, 95% CI 0.96-3.58, p = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: In this nationwide analysis of consecutive ischemic strokes, concomitant COVID-19 was relatively rare. COVID+ patients more often had multi-territory stroke and less often cryptogenic stroke, and their 3-month functional outcome tended to be worse.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , SARS-CoV-2 , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Suíça/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
NPJ Parkinsons Dis ; 7(1): 119, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930911

RESUMO

The proximity ligation assay (PLA) is a specific and sensitive technique for the detection of αSyn oligomers (αSyn-PLA), early and toxic species implicated in the pathogenesis of PD. We aimed to evaluate by skin biopsy the diagnostic and prognostic capacity of αSyn-PLA and small nerve fiber reduction in PD in a longitudinal study. αSyn-PLA was performed in the ankle and cervical skin biopsies of PD (n = 30), atypical parkinsonisms (AP, n = 23) including multiple system atrophy (MSA, n = 12) and tauopathies (AP-Tau, n = 11), and healthy controls (HC, n = 22). Skin biopsy was also analyzed for phosphorylated αSyn (P-αSyn) and 5G4 (αSyn-5G4), a conformation-specific antibody to aggregated αSyn. Intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) was assessed as a measure of small fiber neuropathy. αSyn-PLA signal was more expressed in PD and MSA compared to controls and AP-Tau. αSyn-PLA showed the highest diagnostic accuracy (PD vs. HC sensitivity 80%, specificity 77%; PD vs. AP-Tau sensitivity 80%, specificity 82%), however, P-αSyn and 5G4, possible markers of later phases, performed better when considering the ankle site alone. A small fiber neuropathy was detected in PD and MSA. A progression of denervation not of pathological αSyn was detected at follow-up and a lower IENFD at baseline was associated with a greater cognitive and motor decline in PD. A skin biopsy-derived compound marker, resulting from a linear discrimination analysis model of αSyn-PLA, P-αSyn, αSyn-5G4, and IENFD, stratified patients with accuracy (77.8%), including the discrimination between PD and MSA (84.6%). In conclusion, the choice of pathological αSyn marker and anatomical site influences the diagnostic performance of skin biopsy and can help in understanding the temporal dynamics of αSyn spreading in the peripheral nervous system during the disease. Skin denervation, not pathological αSyn is a potential progression marker for PD.

17.
Stroke ; 52(10): 3335-3347, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344167

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are promising biomarkers for cerebral ischemic diseases, but not systematically tested in patients with transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). We aimed at (1) investigating the profile of EV-surface antigens in patients with symptoms suspicious for TIA; (2) developing and validating a predictive model for TIA diagnosis based on a specific EV-surface antigen profile. Methods: We analyzed 40 subjects with symptoms suspicious for TIA and 20 healthy controls from a training cohort. An independent cohort of 28 subjects served as external validation. Patients were stratified according to likelihood of having a real ischemic event using the Precise Diagnostic Score, defined as: unlikely (score 0­1), possible-probable (score 2­3), or very likely (score 4­8). Serum vesicles were quantified by nanoparticle tracking analysis and EV-surface antigen profile characterized by multiplex flow cytometry. Results: EV concentration increased in patients with very likely or possible-probable TIA (P<0.05) compared with controls. Nanoparticle concentration was directly correlated with the Precise Diagnostic score (R=0.712; P<0.001). After EV immuno-capturing, CD8, CD2, CD62P, melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, CD42a, CD44, CD326, CD142, CD31, and CD14 were identified as discriminants between groups. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis confirmed a reliable diagnostic performance for each of these markers taken individually and for a compound marker derived from their linear combinations (area under the curve, 0.851). Finally, a random forest model combining the expression levels of selected markers achieved an accuracy of 96% and 78.9% for discriminating patients with a very likely TIA, in the training and external validation cohort, respectively. Conclusions: The EV-surface antigen profile appears to be different in patients with transient symptoms adjudicated to be very likely caused by brain ischemia compared with patients whose symptoms were less likely to due to brain ischemia. We propose an algorithm based on an EV-surface-antigen specific signature that might aid in the recognition of TIA.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Superfície/análise , Vesículas Extracelulares/patologia , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nanopartículas/análise , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Ann Neurol ; 89(1): 42-53, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate, in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and acute ischemic stroke, the association of prior anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) with stroke severity, utilization of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), safety of IVT, and 3-month outcomes. METHODS: This was a cohort study of consecutive patients (2014-2019) on anticoagulation versus those without (controls) with regard to stroke severity, rates of IVT/mechanical thrombectomy, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), and favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 0-2) at 3 months. RESULTS: Of 8,179 patients (mean [SD] age, 79.8 [9.6] years; 49% women), 1,486 (18%) were on VKA treatment, 1,634 (20%) on DOAC treatment at stroke onset, and 5,059 controls. Stroke severity was lower in patients on DOACs (median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale 4, [interquartile range 2-11]) compared with VKA (6, [2-14]) and controls (7, [3-15], p < 0.001; quantile regression: ß -2.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] -2.6 to -1.7). The IVT rate in potentially eligible patients was significantly lower in patients on VKA (156 of 247 [63%]; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.67; 95% CI 0.50-0.90) and particularly in patients on DOACs (69 of 464 [15%]; aOR 0.06; 95% CI 0.05-0.08) compared with controls (1,544 of 2,504 [74%]). sICH after IVT occurred in 3.6% (2.6-4.7%) of controls, 9 of 195 (4.6%; 1.9-9.2%; aOR 0.93; 95% CI 0.46-1.90) patients on VKA and 2 of 65 (3.1%; 0.4-10.8%, aOR 0.56; 95% CI 0.28-1.12) of those on DOACs. After adjustments for prognostic confounders, DOAC pretreatment was associated with a favorable 3-month outcome (aOR 1.24; 1.01-1.51). INTERPRETATION: Prior DOAC therapy in patients with AF was associated with decreased admission stroke severity at onset and a remarkably low rate of IVT. Overall, patients on DOAC might have better functional outcome at 3 months. Further research is needed to overcome potential restrictions for IVT in patients taking DOACs. ANN NEUROL 2021;89:42-53.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
19.
Neurology ; 93(17): e1618-e1626, 2019 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591276

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes after endovascular therapy (EVT) and IV thrombolysis (IVT) in patients with stroke with emergent large vessel occlusion (LVO) and mild neurologic deficits. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients from the Swiss Stroke Registry with admission NIH Stroke Scale score ≤5 and LVO treated by EVT (± IVT) vs IVT alone. The primary endpoint was favorable functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score 0-1) at 3 months. Secondary outcomes were independence (mRS score 0-2), mRS score (ordinal shift analysis), and survival with high disability (mRS score 4-5). Safety endpoints were mortality and symptomatic hemorrhage. RESULTS: Of 11,356 patients, 312 met the criteria and propensity score method matched 108 in each group. A comparably large proportion of patients with EVT and IVT had favorable outcome (63% vs 65.7% respectively; odds ratio 0.94, 95% confidence interval 0.51-1.72; p = 0.840). Patients with EVT showed a nonsignificant trend toward higher mRS score at 3 months (p = 0.717), while the proportion of surviving patients with high disability was comparably very low in both groups (p = 0.419). Mortality was slightly higher among those with EVT (9.3% vs 2.8%; p = 0.06), and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was a rare event in both groups (2.8% vs 0%; p = 0.997). CONCLUSIONS: In acute ischemic stroke, EVT and IVT appear similarly effective in achieving favorable outcome at 3 months for patients with LVO and mild neurologic symptoms. EVT might be marginally inferior to IVT regarding outcome across all levels of disability and mortality. Further studies are required to determine whether certain subgroups of patients with LVO and mild symptoms benefit from EVT. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class III evidence that patients with LVO and mild symptoms receiving either EVT or IVT had similar favorable functional outcomes at 3 months.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Viruses ; 11(9)2019 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533247

RESUMO

Biting midges (Culicoides species) are vectors of arboviruses and were responsible for the emergence and spread of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) in Europe in 2011 and are likely to be involved in the emergence of other arboviruses in Europe. Improved surveillance and better understanding of risks require a better understanding of the circulating viral diversity in these biting insects. In this study, we expand the sequence space of RNA viruses by identifying a number of novel RNA viruses from Culicoides impunctatus (biting midge) using a meta-transcriptomic approach. A novel metaviromic pipeline called MetaViC was developed specifically to identify novel virus sequence signatures from high throughput sequencing (HTS) datasets in the absence of a known host genome. MetaViC is a protein centric pipeline that looks for specific protein signatures in the reads and contigs generated as part of the pipeline. Several novel viruses, including an alphanodavirus with both segments, a novel relative of the Hubei sobemo-like virus 49, two rhabdo-like viruses and a chuvirus, were identified in the Scottish midge samples. The newly identified viruses were found to be phylogenetically distinct to those previous known. These findings expand our current knowledge of viral diversity in arthropods and especially in these understudied disease vectors.


Assuntos
Ceratopogonidae/virologia , Genoma Viral/genética , Insetos Vetores/virologia , Vírus de RNA/genética , Animais , Europa (Continente) , Variação Genética , Metagenômica , Filogenia , Vírus de RNA/classificação
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