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1.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 35(5): 871-877, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The problem of pregnancy losses and infertility in autoimmune pathology is one of the most urgent problems of modern reproductive medicine. Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are very often connected with reproductive failures such as miscarriage, antenatal fetal death, preeclampsia and even infertility and failure of in vitro fertilization (IVF) program. AIM: To evaluate the difference in immune status of aPL-positive women with infertility compared to healthy women and explain the possible mechanism of pathological effects of aPL, a correlation analysis between the level of aPL and the lymphocytes subpopulation was performed. STUDY DESIGN: We observed 280 women of reproductive age. Of these, 191 who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. All 191 women were tested for lupus anticoagulant (LA), antibodies (isotypes IgG, IgM) to cardiolipin (aCL), ß2-glycoprotein-1 (b2-GpI). Of these, 128 women had high level of aPL. The subpopulation of lymphocyte in aPL-positive women was compared with healthy women without reproductive pathology. RESULTS: In women with aPL, the absolute number of CD3+ lymphocytes, cytotoxic lymphocytes CD3+CD8+, T helpers CD3+CD4+, and the absolute levels of NK-cells and NK T-cells were significantly lower. In women with infertility and aPL circulation, we found the significantly higher absolute and relative level of CD19+ lymphocytes compared with healthy women. CONCLUSION: T-regulatory cells play an important role in inducing tolerance to fetal alloantigens and limiting the intensity of the immune response. NK cells play an important role in processes of trophoblast invasion and spiral artery remodeling. Significantly reduced level of T-cells found in women with aPL may be associated with insufficient decidualization of endometrium for embryo invasion, which is clinically manifested by IVF failure.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica , Infertilidade , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidor de Coagulação do Lúpus , Linfócitos , Gravidez
2.
J Perinat Med ; 46(4): 387-400, 2018 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28829758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is an uncommon, often fatal, variant of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) that results in a widespread coagulopathy and high titres of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) and affects predominantly small vessels supplying organs with the development of multiorgan failure. It remains unclear why some patients develop the typical clinical picture of APS (thrombosis of large vessels), whereas others show the development of progressive microthrombosis, which the authors called "thrombotic storm" and multiple organ failure, that is, CAPS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 2001-2016, we discovered 17 patients with CAPS development. CONCLUSION: CAPS is life-threatening condition, but optimal treatment for CAPS is not developed yet and the mortality rate is as high as 30%-40%.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/classificação , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Trombofilia/complicações
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