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1.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 80(Pt 4): 355-369, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584737

RESUMO

The structures of ten phosphane chalcogenide complexes of gold(III) halides, with general formula R 1 3-n R 2 nPEAuX 3 (R 1 = t-butyl; R 2 = i-propyl; n = 0 to 3; E = S or Se; X = Cl or Br) are presented. The eight possible chlorido derivatives are: 9a, n = 3, E = S; 10a, n = 2, E = S; 11a, n = 1, E = S; 12a, n = 0, E = S; 13a, n = 3, E = Se; 14a, n = 2, E = Se; 15a, n = 1, E = Se; and 16a, n = 0, E = Se, and the corresponding bromido derivatives are 9b-16b in the same order. Structures were obtained for 9a, 10a (and a second polymorph 10aa), 11a (and its deutero-chloro-form monosolvate 11aa), 12a (as its di-chloro-methane monosolvate), 14a, 15a (as its deutero-chloro-form monosolvate 15aa, in which the solvent mol-ecule is disordered over two positions), 9b, 11b, 13b and 15b. The structures of 11a, 15a, 11b and 15b form an isotypic set, and those of compounds 10aa and 14a form an isotypic pair. All structures have Z' = 1. The gold(III) centres show square-planar coordination geometry and the chalcogenide atoms show approximately tetra-hedral angles (except for the very wide angle in 12a, probably associated with the bulky t-butyl groups). The bond lengths at the gold atoms are lengthened with respect to the known gold(I) derivatives, and demonstrate a considerable trans influence of S and Se donor atoms on a trans Au-Cl bond. Each compound with an isopropyl group shows a short intra-molecular contact of the type C-Hmethine⋯Xcis; these may be regarded as intra-molecular 'weak' hydrogen bonds, and they determine the orientation of the AuX 3 groups. The mol-ecular packing is analysed in terms of various short contacts such as weak hydrogen bonds C-H⋯X and contacts between the heavier atoms, such as X⋯X (9a, 10aa, 11aa, 15aa and 9b), S⋯S (10aa, 11a and 12a) and S⋯Cl (10a). The packing of the polymorphs 10a and 10aa is thus quite different. The solvent mol-ecules take part in C-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds; for 15aa, a disordered solvent region at z ≃ 0 is observed. Structure 13b involves unusual inversion-symmetric dimers with Se⋯Au and Se⋯Br contacts, further connected by Br⋯Br contacts.

2.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 80(Pt 1): 34-49, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312159

RESUMO

The structures of 16 phosphane chalcogenide complexes of gold(I) halides, with the general formula R 1 3- nR 2 nPEAuX (R 1 = t-butyl; R 2 = isopropyl; n = 0 to 3; E = S or Se; X = Cl, Br or I), are presented. The eight possible chlorido derivatives are: 1a, n = 3, E = S; 2a, n = 2, E = S; 3a, n = 1, E = S; 4a, n = 0, E = S; 5a, n = 3, E = Se; 6a, n = 2, E = Se; 7a, n = 1, E = Se; and 8a, n = 0, E = Se, and the corresponding bromido derivatives are 1b-8b in the same order. However, 2a and 2b were badly disordered and 8a was not obtained. The iodido derivatives are 2c, 6c and 7c (numbered as for the series a and b). All structures are solvent-free and all have Z' = 1 except for 6b and 6c (Z' = 2). All mol-ecules show the expected linear geometry at gold and approximately tetra-hedral angles P-E-Au. The presence of bulky ligands forces some short intra-molecular contacts, in particular H⋯Au and H⋯E. The Au-E bond lengths have a slight but consistent tendency to be longer when trans to a softer X ligand, and vice versa. The five compounds 1a, 5a, 6a, 1b and 5b form an isotypic set, despite the different alkyl groups in 6a. Compounds 3a/3b, 4b/8b and 6b/6c form isotypic pairs. The crystal packing can be analysed in terms of various types of secondary inter-actions, of which the most frequent are 'weak' hydrogen bonds from methine hydrogen atoms to the halogenido ligands. For the structure type 1a, H⋯X and H⋯E contacts combine to form a layer structure. For 3a/3b, the packing is almost featureless, but can be described in terms of a double-layer structure involving borderline H⋯Cl/Br and H⋯S contacts. In 4a and 4b/8b, which lack methine groups, Cmeth-yl-H⋯X contacts combine to form layer structures. In 7a/7b, short C-H⋯X inter-actions form chains of mol-ecules that are further linked by association of short Au⋯Se contacts to form a layer structure. The packing of compound 6b/6c can conveniently be analysed for each independent mol-ecule separately, because they occupy different regions of the cell. Mol-ecule 1 forms chains in which the mol-ecules are linked by a Cmethine⋯Au contact. The mol-ecules 2 associate via a short Se⋯Se contact and a short H⋯X contact to form a layer structure. The packing of compound 2c can be described in terms of two short Cmethine-H⋯I contacts, which combine to form a corrugated ribbon structure. Compound 7c is the only compound in this paper to feature Au⋯Au contacts, which lead to twofold-symmetric dimers. Apart from this, the packing is almost featureless, consisting of layers with only translation symmetry except for two very borderline Au⋯H contacts.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 53(5): 1942-1946, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38205632

RESUMO

The marine natural product norzooanemonin (1,3-dimethylimidazolium-4-carboxylate) has been used to prepare a series of carboxyl- or carboxylate-functionalized N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) gold(I) complexes from [(Me2S)AuCl] in the presence of potassium carbonate. The potential of the resulting mono- and dicarbene complexes to act as cytotoxic or antibacterial drugs was investigated.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 62(21): 8043-8051, 2023 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37199450

RESUMO

The synthesis of sterically demanding 2,6-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)phenyl (Ter)-stabilized and H-substituted diphosphanes TerHP-PR2 (4a-4c) via conversion of the phosphide TerPHK (2) with secondary chlorophosphanes ClPR2 (3a-3c, where R = iPr, Ph, and tBu, respectively) is described. The diphosphanes 4a-4c were deprotonated using KH in tetrahydrofuran, selectively yielding the potassium phosphinophosphides K[TerP-PR2] (5a-5c). These phosphinophosphides are stable in solution as well as in the solid state and can be further functionalized via salt-metathesis reactions. Reaction with organosilyl halides selectively yields the silylated diphosphanes Ter(SiR12R2)P-P(iPr)2 (6a and 6b, where R1 = R2 = CH3 and R1 = CH3, R2 = Ph, respectively), whereas conversion with chlorophosphanes selectively yields the triphosphanes R12P-P(Ter)-P(iPr)2 (7a and 7b, where R = iPr and Ph, respectively).

5.
J Org Chem ; 87(2): 1098-1109, 2022 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007063

RESUMO

The reactions of the N-heterocyclic carbene-phosphinidene adducts (NHC)PSiMe3 and (NHC)PH with the dinuclear ruthenium and osmium complexes [(η6-p-cymene)MCl2]2 (M = Ru, Os) afforded the half-sandwich complexes [(η6-p-cymene){(NHC)P}MCl] and [(η6-p-cymene){(NHC)PH}MCl2] with two- and three-legged piano-stool geometries, respectively (NHC = IDipp, IMes; IDipp = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene; IMes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene). The complexes were initially tested as precatalysts for the hydroboration of benzonitrile, and the most active species, the ruthenium complex [(η6-p-cymene){(IMes)P}RuCl], was further used for the efficient hydroboration of a wide range (ca. 50 substrates) of nitriles, carboxylic esters, and carboxamides in neat pinacolborane (HBpin) under comparatively mild reaction conditions (60-80 °C, 3-5 mol % catalyst loading). Preliminary mechanistic and kinetic studies are reported, and stoichiometric reactions with HBpin indicate the initial formation of the monohydride complex [(η6-p-cymene){(IMes)P}RuH] as the putative catalytically active species.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 50(13): 4512-4518, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687041

RESUMO

Palladium(0) phosphine complexes are of great importance as catalysts in numerous bond formation reactions that involve oxidative addition of substrates. Highly active catalysts with labile ligands are of particular interest but can be challenging to isolate and structurally characterize. We investigate here the synthesis and chemical reactivity of Pd0 complexes that contain geometrically adaptable diferrocenylmercury-bridged diphosphine chelate ligands (L) in combination with a labile dibenzylideneacetone (dba) ligand. The diastereomeric diphosphines 1a (pSpR, meso-isomer) and 1b (pSpS-isomer) differ in the orientation of the ferrocene moieties relative to the central Ph2PC5H3-Hg-C5H3PPh2 bridging entity. The structurally distinct trigonal LPd0(dba) complexes 2a (meso) and 2b (pSpS) are obtained upon treatment with Pd(dba)2. A competition reaction reveals that 1b reacts faster than 1a with Pd(dba)2. Unexpectedly, catalytic interconversion of 1a (meso) into 1b (rac) is observed at room temperature in the presence of only catalytic amounts of Pd(dba)2. Both Pd0 complexes, 2a and 2b, readily undergo oxidative addition into the C-Cl bond of CH2Cl2 at moderate temperatures with formation of the square-planar trans-chelate complexes LPdIICl(CH2Cl) (3a, 3b). Kinetic studies reveal a significantly higher reaction rate for the meso-isomer 2a in comparison to (pSpS)-2b.

7.
Chemistry ; 27(19): 5913-5918, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555047

RESUMO

The N-heterocyclic carbene-phosphinidene adducts (NHC)PH were reacted with AlMe3 in toluene to afford the monoaluminum complexes [{(IDipp)PH}AlMe3 ] and [{(IMes)PH}AlMe3 ] (IDipp=1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene, IMes=1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene). In contrast, the dialuminum complex [{(Me IMes)PH}(AlMe3 )2 ] was obtained for Me IMes=1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4,5-dimethylimidazolin-2-ylidene. These complexes served as initiators for the efficient ring-opening polymerization of rac-lactide in toluene at 60 °C. High degrees of isoselectivity were found for the poly(rac-lactide) obtained in the presence of the monoaluminum complexes (Pm up to 0.92, Tm up to 191 °C), whereas almost atactic polymers were produced by the dialuminum complex. Detailed mechanistic studies reveal that the polymerization proceeds via a coordination-insertion mechanism with the carbene-phosphinidene ligands acting as stereodirecting groups.

8.
Chemistry ; 26(65): 14878-14887, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721063

RESUMO

Chloride abstraction from the complexes [(η6 -p-cymene){(IDipp)P}MCl] (2 a, M=Ru; 2 b, M=Os) and [(η5 -C5 Me5 ){(IDipp)P}IrCl] (3 b, IDipp=1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene) with sodium tetrakis[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]borate (NaBArF ) in the presence of trimethylphosphine (PMe3 ), 1,3,4,5-tetramethylimidazolin-2-ylidene (Me IMe) or carbon monoxide (CO) afforded the complexes [(η6 -p-cymene){(IDipp)P}M(PMe3 )]BArF ] (4 a, M=Ru; 4 b, M=Os), [(η6 -p-cymene){(IDipp)P}Os(Me IMe)]BArF ] (5) and [(η5 -C5 Me5 ){(IDipp)P}IrL][BArF ] (6, L=PMe3 ; 7, L=Me IMe; 8, L=CO). These cationic N-heterocyclic carbene-phosphinidene complexes feature very similar structural and spectroscopic properties as prototypic nucleophilic arylphosphinidene complexes such as low-field 31 P NMR resonances and short metal-phosphorus double bonds. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the metal-phosphorus bond can be described in terms of an interaction between a triplet [(IDipp)P]+ cation and a triplet metal complex fragment ligand with highly covalent σ- and π-contributions. Crystals of the C-H activated complex 9 were isolated from solutions containing the PMe3 complex, and its formation can be rationalized by PMe3 dissociation and formation of a putative 16-electron intermediate [(η5 -C5 Me5 )Ir{P(IDipp)}I][BArF ], which undergoes C-H activation at one of the Dipp isopropyl groups and addition along the iridium-phosphorus bond to afford an unusual η3 -benzyl coordination mode.

9.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 15: 2534-2543, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728167

RESUMO

Novel alkyne-bridged ferrocenophanes [fc{CO2(CH2) n C≡}2] (2a: n = 2; 2b: n = 3) were synthesized from the corresponding terminal diacetylenic ferrocenes [fc{CO2(CH2) n C≡CH}2] (1a: n = 2; 1b: n = 3) through ring-closing alkyne metathesis (RCAM) utilizing the highly effective molybdenum catalyst [MesC≡Mo{OC(CF3)2CH3}3] (MoF6; Mes = 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl). The metathesis reaction occurs in short time with high yields whilst giving full conversion of the terminal alkynes. Furthermore, the solvent-dependant reactivity of 2a towards Ag(SbF6) is investigated, leading to oxidation and formation of the ferrocenium hexafluoroantimonate 4 in dichloromethane, whereas the silver(I) coordination polymer 5 was isolated from THF solution.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 58(24): 16475-16486, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769666

RESUMO

The synthesis, structures, and magnetic properties of monomeric half-sandwich iron and cobalt imidazolin-2-iminato complexes have been comprehensively investigated. Salt metathesis reactions of [Cp'M(µ-I)]2 (1-M, M = Fe, Co; Cp' = η5-1,2,4-tri-tert-butylcyclopentadienyl) with [ImDippNLi]2 (ImDippN = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-iminato) furnishes the terminal half-sandwich compounds [Cp'M(NImDipp)] (2-M, M = Fe, Co), which can be regarded as models for elusive half-sandwich iron and cobalt imido complexes. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the structure motif of a one-legged piano stool. Complex 2-Co can also be prepared by an acid-base reaction between [Cp'Co{N(SiMe3)2}] (3-Co) and ImDippNH. The electronic and magnetic properties of 2-M and 3-Co were probed by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy (M = Fe), X-band EPR spectroscopy (M = Co), and solid-state magnetic susceptibility measurements. In particular, the central metal atom adopts a high-spin (S = 2) state in 2-Fe, while the cobalt complex 2-Co represents a rare example of a Co(II) species with a coordination number different from six displaying a low-spin to high-spin spin-crossover (SCO) behavior. The experimental observations are complemented by DFT calculations.

11.
Chemistry ; 25(57): 13119-13123, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433085

RESUMO

Arsenic monophosphide (AsP) species supported by two different N-heterocyclic carbenes were prepared by reaction of (IDipp)PSiMe3 (1) (IDipp=1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene) with (IMes)AsCl3 (2) (IMes=1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene) to afford the dichloride [(IMes)As(Cl)P(IDipp)]Cl (3), which upon reduction with KC8 furnished heteroleptic [(IMes)AsP(IDipp)] (4). The corresponding mono- and dications [(IMes)AsP(IDipp)][PF6 ], [5]PF6 , and [(IMes)AsP(IDipp)][GaCl4 ]2, [6][GaCl4 ]2 , respectively, were prepared by one-electron oxidation of 4 with ferrocenium hexafluorophosphate, [Fc]PF6, or by chloride abstraction from 3 with two equivalents of GaCl3 , respectively. Compounds 4-6 represent rare examples of heterodiatiomic interpnictogen compounds, and X-ray crystal structure determinations together with density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal a consecutive shortening of the As-P bond lengths and increasing bond order, in agreement with the presence of an arsenic-phosphorus single bond in 4 and a double bond in 62+ . The EPR signal of the cationic radical [5]+. indicates a symmetric spin distribution on the AsP moiety through strong hyperfine coupling with the 75 As and 31 P nuclei.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 48(13): 4228-4238, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843910

RESUMO

The half-sandwich 1,3-bis(trimethylsilyl)allyl and bis(trimethylsilyl)amido ruthenium complexes [(η5-C5Me5)RuX] (X = η3-C3H3(SiMe3)2, 1; X = N(SiMe3)2, 2) were prepared by reaction of tetranuclear [(η5-C5Me5)RuCl]4 with four equivalents of K[C3H3(SiMe3)2] or Na[N(SiMe3)2]. Complexes 1 and 2 are formally 16- and 14-electron complexes, respectively, and exhibit γ-agostic C-HRu interactions in the solid state, which were further investigated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations and quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) analysis. The acid-base reaction of the amido complex 2 with 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-imine (ImDippNH) afforded the imidazolin-2-iminato complex [(η5-C5Me5)Ru(NImDipp)] (4); 4 was also obtained from the reaction of [(η5-C5Me5)RuCl]4 with the lithium reagent [(ImDippN)Li]2. 4 represents the first terminal imidazolin-2-iminato complex with a late transition metal and shows a rare one-legged piano stool ("pogo stick") geometry with a short Ru-N bond of 1.8607(15) Å. The reaction of 4 with tert-butyl isocyanate (tBuNCO) gave the ureato complex [(η5-C5Me5)Ru{ImDippN(C[double bond, length as m-dash]O)NtBu}] (5) by [2 + 2] cycloaddition. This reactivity together with a DFT study on the bonding situation in 4 suggest a close similarity with related half-sandwich imido complexes [(arene)M(NR)] (M = Ru, Os) and [CpM(NR)] (M = Rh, Ir).

13.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 14: 2425-2434, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30344767

RESUMO

The molybdenum and tungsten complexes M2(OR)6 (Mo2F6, M = Mo, R = C(CF3)2Me; W2F3, M = W, R = OC(CF3)Me2) were synthesized as bimetallic congeners of the highly active alkyne metathesis catalysts [MesC≡M{OC(CF3) n Me3- n }] (MoF6, M = Mo, n = 2; WF3, M = W, n = 1; Mes = 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl). The corresponding benzylidyne complex [PhC≡W{OC(CF3)Me2}] (W Ph F3) was prepared by cleaving the W≡W bond in W2F3 with 1-phenyl-1-propyne. The catalytic alkyne metathesis activity of these metal complexes was determined in the self-metathesis, ring-closing alkyne metathesis and cross-metathesis of internal and terminal alkynes, revealing an almost equally high metathesis activity for the bimetallic tungsten complex W2F3 and the alkylidyne complex W Ph F3. In contrast, Mo2F6 displayed no significant activity in alkyne metathesis.

14.
Chemistry ; 24(36): 9022-9032, 2018 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676817

RESUMO

The benzylidyne complex [PhC≡W{OSi(OtBu)3 }3 ] (1) catalyzed the cross-metathesis between 1,4-bis(trimethylsilyl)-1,3-butadiyne (2) and symmetrical 1,3-diynes (3) efficiently, which gave access to TMS-capped 1,3-diynes RC≡C-C≡CSiMe3 (4). Diyne cross-metathesis (DYCM) studies with 13 C-labeled diyne PhC≡13 C-13 C≡CPh (3*) revealed that this reaction proceeds through reversible carbon-carbon triple-bond cleavage and formation according to the conventional mechanism of alkyne metathesis. The reaction between 1 and 3* afforded the 3-phenylpropynylidyne complex PhC≡13 C-13 C≡W{OSi(OtBu)3 }3 ] (5*), indicating that alkynylalkylidyne complexes are likely to act as catalytically active species. Attempts to isolate 5* from mixtures of 1 and 3* afforded crystals of the ditungsten 2-butyne-1,4-diylidyne complex [(tBuO)3 SiO}3 W≡13 C-13 C≡13 C-13 C≡W{OSi(OtBu)3 }3 ] (6*), which was additionally characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis. Depolymerization-macrocyclization of a carbazole-butadiyne polymer, obtained from 3,6-diethynyl-9-dodecylcarbazole (7) under copper-catalyzed Hay coupling conditions, was also efficiently catalyzed by 1 and afforded a mixture of mono-, diyne- and triyne-containing tetrameric macrocycles, revealing that diyne disproportionation into monoynes and triynes occurs as a slow side reaction that interferes with a high diyne metathesis selectivity. Potential catalytic pathways were studied by means of quantum-chemical calculations, and kinetic studies were performed to substantiate an α,α-mechanism for the catalytic diyne metathesis reaction, which involves intermediate alkynylalkylidyne and α,α'-dialkynylmetallacyclobutadiene intermediates.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 46(45): 15859-15864, 2017 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29114655

RESUMO

Heteroleptic N-heterocyclic dicarbene-diphosphorus species were prepared by reaction of the carbene-phosphinidene adduct (IPr)PSiMe3 (1, IPr = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene) with the carbene-phosphorus trichloride adduct (IMes)PCl3 (2, IMes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene), which furnished the dichloride [(IPr)PPCl(IMes)]Cl (3). Reduction of 3 with potassium graphite (KC8) afforded [(IPr)PP(IMes)] (4). The corresponding radical cation [(IPr)PP(IMes)]˙+ (5˙+) is isolated as [5]PF6 by reaction of 4 with ferrocenium hexafluorophosphate, whereas complexes containing the corresponding dication [(IPr)PP(IMes)]2+ (62+) can be isolated as the gallate and borate salts [6](GaCl4)2 and [6](BArF)2 by chloride abstraction from 3 with GaCl3 or sodium tetrakis[bis(3,5-trifluoromethyl)phenyl]borate (NaBArF), respectively. The asymmetric set of N-heterocyclic carbene ligands allows to establish 1JPP coupling constants of 249 Hz for 4 and 543 Hz for [6](GaCl4)2. Based on X-ray diffraction analyses, the molecular structures of 4, 5˙+ and 62+ reveal a consecutive shortening of the P-P bond lengths, in agreement with the presence of a phosphorus-phosphorus single bond in 4 and a double bond in 62+, which is best described as a dicationic diphosphene according to density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(48): 17597-17607, 2017 12 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29083916

RESUMO

Molybdenum-based molecular alkylidyne complexes of the type [MesC≡Mo{OC(CH3)3-x(CF3)x}3] (MoF0, x = 0; MoF3, x = 1; MoF6, x = 2; MoF9, x = 3; Mes = 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl) and their silica-supported analogues are prepared and characterized at the molecular level, in particular by solid-state NMR, and their alkyne metathesis catalytic activity is evaluated. The 13C NMR chemical shift of the alkylidyne carbon increases with increasing number of fluorine atoms on the alkoxide ligands for both molecular and supported catalysts but with more shielded values for the supported complexes. The activity of these catalysts increases in the order MoF0 < MoF3 < MoF6 before sharply decreasing for MoF9, with a similar effect for the supported systems (MoF0 ≈ MoF9 < MoF6 < MoF3). This is consistent with the different kinetic behavior (zeroth order in alkyne for MoF9 derivatives instead of first order for the others) and the isolation of stable metallacyclobutadiene intermediates of MoF9 for both molecular and supported species. Detailed solid-state NMR analysis of molecular and silica-supported metal alkylidyne catalysts coupled with DFT/ZORA calculations rationalize the NMR spectroscopic signatures and discernible activity trends at the frontier orbital level: (1) increasing the number of fluorine atoms lowers the energy of the π*(M≡C) orbital, explaining the more deshielded chemical shift values; it also leads to an increased electrophilicity and higher reactivity for catalysts up to MoF6, prior to a sharp decrease in reactivity for MoF9 due to the formation of stable metallacyclobutadiene intermediates; (2) the silica-supported catalysts are less active than their molecular analogues because they are less electrophilic and dynamic, as revealed by their 13C NMR chemical shift tensors.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(45): 6069-6072, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28466884

RESUMO

N-Heterocyclic carbene adducts of the parent arsinidene (AsH) were prepared by two different synthetic routes, either by reaction of As(SiMe3)3 with 2,2-difluoroimidazolines followed by desilylation or by reaction of [Na(dioxane)3.31][AsCO] with imidazolium chlorides.

18.
Chemistry ; 21(45): 16178-89, 2015 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26365325

RESUMO

Coinage metal complexes of the N-heterocyclic carbene-phosphinidene adduct IPr⋅PPh (IPr=1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene) were prepared by its reaction with CuCl, AgCl, and [(Me2 S)AuCl], which afforded the monometallic complexes [(IPr⋅PPh)MCl] (M=Cu, Ag, Au). The reaction with two equivalents of the metal halides gave bimetallic [(IPr⋅PPh)(MCl)2 ] (M=Cu, Au); the corresponding disilver complex could not be isolated. [(IPr⋅PPh)(CuOTf)2 ] was prepared by reaction with copper(I) trifluoromethanesulfonate. Treatment of [(IPr⋅PPh)(MCl)2 ] (M=Cu, Au) with Na(BAr(F) ) or AgSbF6 afforded the tetranuclear complexes [(IPr⋅PPh)2 M4 Cl2 ]X2 (X=BAr(F) or SbF6 ), which contain unusual eight-membered M4 Cl2 P2 rings with short cuprophilic or aurophilic contacts along the chlorine-bridged M⋅⋅⋅M axes. Complete chloride abstraction from [(IPr⋅PPh)(AuCl)2 ] was achieved with two equivalents of AgSbF6 in the presence of tetrahydrothiophene (THT) to form [(IPr⋅PPh){Au(THT)}2 ][SbF6 ]2 . The cationic tetra- and dinuclear complexes were used as catalysts for enyne cyclization and carbene transfer reactions.

19.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 53(49): 13568-72, 2014 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25287885

RESUMO

The N-heterocyclic carbene-phosphinidene adduct IPrPSiMe3 is introduced as a synthon for the preparation of terminal carbene-phosphinidyne transition metal complexes of the type [(IPrP)MLn ] (MLn =(η(6) -p-cymene)RuCl) and (η(5) -C5 Me5 )RhCl). Their spectroscopic and structural characteristics, namely low-field (31) P NMR chemical shifts and short metal-phosphorus bonds, show their similarity with arylphosphinidene complexes. The formally mononegative IPrP ligand is also capable of bridging two or three metal atoms as demonstrated by the preparation of bi- and trimetallic RuAu, RhAu, Rh2 , and Rh2 Au complexes.

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