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J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 36(2): 112-120, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38236127


BACKGROUND: Psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioners (PMHNPs) in the Netherlands have been allowed to perform the role of coordinating practitioner (CP) since 2018. This role is reserved for mental health care specialists who are trained and qualified at the master's degree level. Earlier studies have not addressed how PMHNPs perform that role and what mechanisms and contextual factors determine their performance. This understanding could help optimize their performance in this role and promote effective deployment of PMHNPs in mental health care. PURPOSE: To understand how PMHNPs perform this role and what mechanisms and contextual factors underlie that performance. METHODOLOGY: A multiple case study involving PMHNPs who work in various settings as CPs. Data were collected and analyzed using the realistic evaluation approach. RESULTS: We identified four mechanisms related to the performance of PMHNPs in the role of CP: (1) autonomous performance; (2) unique expertise; (3) accessibility, availability, and professional involvement; and (4) additional roles. The extent to which these mechanisms are present is largely determined by organizational factors, team factors, and individual factors. CONCLUSIONS: Psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioners are seeking to identify and interpret the role of CP. This study helps to elucidate the mechanism of role performance by PMHNPs and what they should focus on to deliver effective and patient-centered mental health care. IMPLICATIONS: Policymakers, health care professionals, and educators should consider the mechanisms and contextual factors to facilitate and support PMHNPs' employment and training in the role of CP.

Saúde Mental , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Humanos , Países Baixos , Profissionais de Enfermagem/educação
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 32(12): 800-808, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584508


BACKGROUND: Many Dutch nurse practitioners (NPs) work together with physicians and specialized nurses (SNs) in outpatient clinics, although the latter have questioned the added value of NPs in the outpatient clinic. Clarification of the distinction between and the added value of both nursing professions in relation to each other could lead to optimal use of the unique competencies of each type of nurse. PURPOSE: To explore NPs' perspectives on their added value in relation to SNs in the outpatient clinic. METHODOLOGICAL ORIENTATION: Data were analyzed by Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis. The CanMEDS competences were used to identify the NPs' comments about their practice. SAMPLE: Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with NPs from two hospital settings. CONCLUSIONS: The added value of NPs was most evident in: nursing leadership, integrating care and cure and performing an expert level of nursing expertise, and competencies in science. To optimize their roles, NPs and SNs need to make all team members aware of their unique competences and promote role clarification. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This study provides barriers in barriers that influence optimal positioning of NPs within the interdisciplinary team, stresses the importance of discussion on the optimal skill mix within the interdisciplinary team, and describes the NPs' leadership role because this is the encompassing link between the main competencies of their practice. Addressing and overcoming these findings could improve the NPs' positioning and effective collaboration within (the outpatient clinic's) interprofessional teams.

Assistência Ambulatorial/métodos , Profissionais de Enfermagem/tendências , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Assistência Ambulatorial/tendências , Competência Clínica/normas , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Liderança , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Recursos Humanos/economia , Recursos Humanos/tendências
Am J Crit Care ; 27(3): 245-248, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29716912


BACKGROUND: Exposure to bright light has alerting effects. In nurses, alertness may be decreased because of shift work and high work pressure, potentially reducing work performance and increasing the risk for medical errors. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether high-intensity dynamic light improves cognitive performance, self-reported depressive signs and symptoms, fatigue, alertness, and well-being in intensive care unit nurses. METHODS: In a single-center crossover study in an intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in the Netherlands, 10 registered nurses were randomly divided into 2 groups. Each group worked alternately for 3 to 4 days in patients' rooms with dynamic light and 3 to 4 days in control lighting settings. High-intensity dynamic light was administered through ceiling-mounted fluorescent tubes that delivered bluish white light up to 1700 lux during the daytime, versus 300 lux in control settings. Cognitive performance, self-reported depressive signs and symptoms, fatigue, and well-being before and after each period were assessed by using validated cognitive tests and questionnaires. RESULTS: Cognitive performance, self-reported depressive signs and symptoms, and fatigue did not differ significantly between the 2 light settings. Scores of subjective well-being were significantly lower after a period of working in dynamic light. CONCLUSIONS: Daytime lighting conditions did not affect intensive care unit nurses' cognitive performance, perceived depressive signs and symptoms, or fatigue. Perceived quality of life, predominantly in the psychological and environmental domains, was lower for nurses working in dynamic light.

Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Iluminação/métodos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Cognição/fisiologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos , Qualidade de Vida