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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732086

RESUMO

The ability of the immune system to combat pathogens relies on processes like antigen sampling by dendritic cells and macrophages migrating through endo- and epithelia or penetrating them with their dendrites. In addition, other immune cell subtypes also migrate through the epithelium after activation. For paracellular migration, interactions with tight junctions (TJs) are necessary, and previous studies reported TJ protein expression in several immune cells. Our investigation aimed to characterize, in more detail, the expression profiles of TJ proteins in different immune cells in both naïve and activated states. The mRNA expression analysis revealed distinct expression patterns for TJ proteins, with notable changes, mainly increases, upon activation. At the protein level, LSR appeared predominant, being constitutively present in naïve cell membranes, suggesting roles as a crucial interaction partner. Binding experiments suggested the presence of claudins in the membrane only after stimulation, and claudin-8 translocation to the membrane occurred after stimulation. Our findings suggest a dynamic TJ protein expression in immune cells, implicating diverse functions in response to stimulation, like interaction with TJ proteins or regulatory roles. While further analysis is needed to elucidate the precise roles of TJ proteins, our findings indicate important non-canonical functions of TJ proteins in immune response.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Junções Íntimas , Junções Íntimas , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/genética , Humanos , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Animais , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Claudinas/metabolismo , Claudinas/genética , Membrana Celular/metabolismo
2.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 11206721231204188, 2023 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37743595

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the use of toluidine blue 1% eye drops with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the determination of tumour margins in patients with ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN). METHODS: The study was conducted from July 2020 to June 2021 at the Ocular Oncology department at the Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil. Slit-lamp photographs after toluidine blue staining and OCT of the anterior segment were taken on the same day from patients with OSSN. Photographs and OCT images were analyzed quantitatively using the software ImageJ and IMAGEnet®, respectively. The agreement between techniques was evaluated qualitatively through the Bland-Altman graph and quantitatively through intraclass correlation (ICC). RESULTS: A total of 21 participants (71.43% males) with a clinical diagnosis of OSSN were included in the study. The average + SD diameter along the chosen axes was 4.43 ± 2.08 mm with OCT of 4.37 ± 2.03 mm with toluidine blue, a difference not statistically significant (p = 0.2891). The Bland-Altman analysis indicated a good qualitative agreement between the methods, with all cases inserted within the limits of agreement from -0.3217 to 0.4268. The ICC quantitative analysis showed an almost perfect agreement of 99.57% (95%CI: 98.96-99.83%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that OCT and toluidine eye drops are equivalent in determining margins for tumour measurements, which is particularly relevant in low-income settings where anterior segment OCT is not available. The use of toluidine blue 1% could be an useful alternative to quantify the size of the tumour, help to monitor tumour growth, and outline margins for surgical planning.

3.
Nurs Rep ; 13(3): 1138-1147, 2023 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37606466

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic made nurse-patient-family communication more difficult, reducing the understanding of the patient's wishes and current care history. COVID-19 challenged healthcare teams to develop strategies to address these changes and provide more integrated care using the technology at their disposal. So, this study aims to map the strategies used by nurses to maintain communication between the person hospitalized with COVID-19 and the family to understand which communication technologies were most used to maintain communication between the person and the family. Methods: A Scoping Review, according to the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute [JBI] with the Preferred Reporting Items for Scoping Review extension (PRISMA-ScR), research conducted between September 2022 and January 2023. The search was conducted in the databases: Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS); Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL); Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO); Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), using the descriptors: family, communication, nurses, hospitals and COVID-19, and the Boolean operators "AND". The inclusion criteria were: original articles, in Portuguese, English, and Spanish, published from 2020 onwards, with access to full and free text. Results: It was found that most of the communication was unstructured with the family. The technologies most used by nurses were the telephone with video calls from the patients themselves and even from health professionals to maintain communication between the patient and the family. Conclusions: Communication between patients and families became essential during the pandemic, as it became a vital lifeline of human connection that supported the mental health of patients and their families. This study was not registered.

4.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; : 1-9, 2023 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37552861

RESUMO

PURPOSE: COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, first reported in 2019 in Wuhan, China. Among the common complications is a pro-inflammatory and hypercoagulative response that compromises the vasculature among various organs. METHODS: In this report, we present the postmortem retinal findings of five patients observed by means of optical microscopy and transmission and scanning electron microscopy techniques. RESULTS: Clinical manifestations such as retinal hemorrhages and exacerbated inflammatory infiltrate, altered ultra structure with swollen mitochondria and pyknotic cells in both layers of the retina were observed in all analyzed eyes. CONCLUSION: Our data point to the fragility of this tissue in cases of severe COVID-19.

5.
PLOS Digit Health ; 2(6): e0000235, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37307522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The majority of post-neonatal deaths in children under 5 are due to malaria, diarrhoea and pneumonia (MDP). The WHO recommends integrated community case management (iCCM) of these conditions using community-based health workers (CHW). However iCCM programmes have suffered from poor implementation and mixed outcomes. We designed and evaluated a technology-based (mHealth) intervention package 'inSCALE' (Innovations At Scale For Community Access and Lasting Effects) to support iCCM programmes and increase appropriate treatment coverage for children with MDP. METHODS: This superiority cluster randomised controlled trial allocated all 12 districts in Inhambane Province in Mozambique to receive iCCM only (control) or iCCM plus the inSCALE technology intervention. Population cross-sectional surveys were conducted at baseline and after 18 months of intervention implementation in approximately 500 eligible households in randomly selected communities in all districts including at least one child less than 60 months of age where the main caregiver was available to assess the impact of the intervention on the primary outcome, the coverage of appropriate treatment for malaria, diarrhoea and pneumonia in children 2-59months of age. Secondary outcomes included the proportion of sick children who were taken to the CHW for treatment, validated tool-based CHW motivation and performance scores, prevalence of cases of illness, and a range of secondary household and health worker level outcomes. All statistical models accounted for the clustered study design and variables used to constrain the randomisation. A meta-analysis of the estimated pooled impact of the technology intervention was conducted including results from a sister trial (inSCALE-Uganda). FINDINGS: The study included 2740 eligible children in control arm districts and 2863 children in intervention districts. After 18 months of intervention implementation 68% (69/101) CHWs still had a working inSCALE smartphone and app and 45% (44/101) had uploaded at least one report to their supervising health facility in the last 4 weeks. Coverage of the appropriate treatment of cases of MDP increased by 26% in the intervention arm (adjusted RR 1.26 95% CI 1.12-1.42, p<0.001). The rate of care seeking to the iCCM-trained community health worker increased in the intervention arm (14.4% vs 15.9% in control and intervention arms respectively) but fell short of the significance threshold (adjusted RR 1.63, 95% CI 0.93-2.85, p = 0.085). The prevalence of cases of MDP was 53.5% (1467) and 43.7% (1251) in the control and intervention arms respectively (risk ratio 0.82, 95% CI 0.78-0.87, p<0.001). CHW motivation and knowledge scores did not differ between intervention arms. Across two country trials, the estimated pooled effect of the inSCALE intervention on coverage of appropriate treatment for MDP was RR 1.15 (95% CI 1.08-1.24, p <0.001). INTERPRETATION: The inSCALE intervention led to an improvement in appropriate treatment of common childhood illnesses when delivered at scale in Mozambique. The programme will be rolled out by the ministry of health to the entire national CHW and primary care network in 2022-2023. This study highlights the potential value of a technology intervention aimed at strengthening iCCM systems to address the largest causes of childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(9)2023 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37175743

RESUMO

The apelinergic system is a highly conserved pleiotropic system. It comprises the apelin receptor apelin peptide jejunum (APJ) and its two peptide ligands, Elabela/Toddler (ELA) and apelin, which have different spatiotemporal localizations. This system has been implicated in the regulation of the adipoinsular axis, in cardiovascular and central nervous systems, in carcinogenesis, and in pregnancy in humans. During pregnancy, the apelinergic system is essential for embryo cardiogenesis and vasculogenesis and for placental development and function. It may also play a role in the initiation of labor. The apelinergic system seems to be involved in the development of placenta-related pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction, but an improvement in PE-like symptoms and birth weight has been described in murine models after the exogenous administration of apelin or ELA. Although the expression of ELA, apelin, and APJ is altered in human PE placenta, data related to their circulating levels are inconsistent. This article reviews current knowledge about the roles of the apelinergic system in pregnancy and its pathophysiological roles in placenta-related complications in pregnancy. We also discuss the challenges in translating the actors of the apelinergic system into a marker or target for therapeutic interventions in obstetrics.


Assuntos
Hormônios Peptídicos , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Apelina/metabolismo , Placenta/metabolismo , Hormônios Peptídicos/metabolismo , Placentação , Pré-Eclâmpsia/metabolismo
7.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(5)2023 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36902976

RESUMO

Zirconia-based materials are widely used in dentistry due to their biocompatibility and suitable mechanical and tribological behavior. Although commonly processed by subtractive manufacturing (SM), alternative techniques are being explored to reduce material waste, energy consumption and production time. 3D printing has received increasing interest for this purpose. This systematic review intends to gather information on the state of the art of additive manufacturing (AM) of zirconia-based materials for dental applications. As far as the authors know, this is the first time that a comparative analysis of these materials' properties has been performed. It was performed following the PRISMA guidelines and using PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases to select studies that met the defined criteria without restrictions on publication year. Stereolithography (SLA) and digital light processing (DLP) were the techniques most focused on in the literature and the ones that led to most promising outcomes. However, other techniques, such as robocasting (RC) and material jetting (MJ), have also led to good results. In all cases, the main concerns are centered on dimensional accuracy, resolution, and insufficient mechanical strength of the pieces. Despite the struggles inherent to the different 3D printing techniques, the commitment to adapt materials, procedures and workflows to these digital technologies is remarkable. Overall, the research on this topic can be seen as a disruptive technological progress with a wide range of application possibilities.

8.
Vasc Biol ; 5(1)2023 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36795703

RESUMO

The placenta mediates the transport of nutrients, such as inorganic phosphate (Pi), between the maternal and fetal circulatory systems. The placenta itself also requires high levels of nutrient uptake as it develops to provide critical support for fetal development. This study aimed to determine placental Pi transport mechanisms using in vitro and in vivo models. We observed that Pi (P33) uptake in BeWo cells is sodium dependent and that SLC20A1/Slc20a1 is the most highly expressed placental sodium-dependent transporter in mouse (microarray), human cell line (RT-PCR) and term placenta (RNA-seq), supporting that normal growth and maintenance of the mouse and human placenta requires SLC20A1/Slc20a1. Slc20a1 wild-type (Slc20a1+/+) and knockout (Slc20a1-/-) mice were produced through timed intercrosses and displayed yolk sac angiogenesis failure as expected at E10.5. E9.5 tissues were analyzed to test whether placental morphogenesis requires Slc20a1. At E9.5, the developing placenta was reduced in size in Slc20a1-/-. Multiple structural abnormalities were also observed in the Slc20a1-/-chorioallantois. We determined that monocarboxylate transporter 1 protein (MCT1+) cells were reduced in developing Slc20a1-/-placenta, confirming that Slc20a1 loss reduced trophoblast syncytiotrophoblast 1 (SynT-I) coverage. Next, we examined the cell type-specific Slc20a1 expression and SynT molecular pathways in silico and identified Notch/Wnt as a pathway of interest that regulates trophoblast differentiation. We further observed that specific trophoblast lineages express Notch/Wnt genes that associate with endothelial cell tip-and-stalk cell markers. In conclusion, our findings support that Slc20a1 mediates the symport of Pi into SynT cells, providing critical support for their differentiation and angiogenic mimicry function at the developing maternal-fetal interface.

9.
Coimbra; s.n; fev. 2023. 103 p. tab..
Tese em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1531372

RESUMO

A introdução da alimentação complementar acompanha um período fulcral do crescimento e desenvolvimento infantil. Trata-se da transição de uma alimentação exclusivamente láctea para a introdução de alimentos sólidos, e a forma como este processo é realizado envolve consequências futuras. O Baby-Led Weaning - BLW - é um método recente alternativo de introdução da alimentação complementar que se distingue da abordagem tradicional por permitir que os bebés sejam protagonistas de todo o processo, promovendo a autoalimentação. Trata-se de um método que preconiza a introdução da alimentação complementar respeitando os sinais de prontidão observados no bebé, normalmente a partir dos 6 meses de idade. Nesta abordagem, a criança assume o controlo da quantidade, seleção e ritmo de ingestão dos alimentos. É um tema ainda polémico por opção parental, nem sempre compreendido pelos profissionais de saúde, incluindo um défice de conhecimento do próprio processo, bem como das vantagens e eventuais desafios e dificuldades. Tendo em conta estas dimensões definimos como objetivos da investigação: caracterizar o processo de implementação do BLW como método alternativo ou complementar de diversificação alimentar; identificar as vantagens/desvantagens percecionadas pelos pais na aplicação do método BLW; e avaliar a evolução ponderal das crianças utilizadoras do método BLW entre os 0 e os 12 meses. Foi realizado um estudo quantitativo, numa lógica de análise descritivo-exploratório que envolveu uma amostra de 91 mães de lactentes que realizaram o método BLW ou misto. Os resultados revelaram que a implementação do BLW respeita as recomendações da OMS, especialmente no que diz respeito à amamentação, que os pais apontam mais vantagens que desvantagens e que o BLW não aparenta associação a IMC desadequados. Concluindo, a implementação do BLW poderá ter consequências positivas para a criança e para a família, não desvalorizando os desafios que lhe estão associados.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Enfermagem Materno-Infantil , Lactente , Desenvolvimento Infantil
10.
Eur J Cell Biol ; 102(2): 151289, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696809

RESUMO

Organismal aging is impacted by the deterioration of tissue turnover mechanisms due, in part, to the decline in stem cell function. This decline can be related to mitochondrial dysfunction and underlying energetic defects that, in concert, help drive biological aging. Thus, mitochondria have been described as a potential interventional target to hinder the loss of stem cell robustness, and subsequently, decrease tissue turnover decline and age-associated pathologies. In this review, we focused our analysis on the most recent literature on mitochondria and stem cell aging and discuss the potential benefits of targeting mitochondria in preventing stem cell dysfunction and thus influencing aging.


Assuntos
Senescência Celular , Mitocôndrias , Senescência Celular/fisiologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo
11.
Nat Prod Res ; 37(6): 903-911, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35819986

RESUMO

Plants of Hyptidinae subtribe (Lamiaceae - family), as Mesosphaerum sidifolium, are a source of bioactive molecules. In the search for new drug candidates, we perform chemical characterization of diterpenes isolated from the aerial parts of M. sidifolium was carried out with uni- and bidimensional NMR spectral data, and evaluate in silico through the construction of a predictive model followed by in vitro testing Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium smegmatis. Resulted in the isolation of four components: Pomiferin D (1), Salviol (2), Pomiferin E (3) and 2α-hydroxysugiol (4), as well as two phenolic compounds, rosmarinic and caffeic acids. In silico model identified 48 diterpenes likely to have biological activity against M. tuberculosis. The diterpenes isolated were tested in vitro against M. tuberculosis demonstrating MIC = 125 µM for 4 and 1, while 2 and 3 -MIC = 250 µM. These compounds did not show biological activity at these concentrations for M. smegmatis.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Lamiaceae , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Diterpenos/química , Lamiaceae/química , Antituberculosos/química
12.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 511, 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36578013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Choroid, ciliary body, and iris melanomas are often grouped as uveal melanoma, the most common intraocular primary malignancy. The purpose of the current study was to analyze the tumor profile of newly diagnosed cases of choroidal melanoma at a reference center in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and to investigate the frequency of eyes treated by enucleation that could have been treated with brachytherapy if available in the service. METHODS: Medical records of patients referred to our service with initial diagnostic hypothesis of choroidal melanoma from July 2014 to June 2020 were analysed on demographics, diagnosis confirmation, tumor measurement by ultrasonography and established treatment. Data were evaluated on clinical and demographic characteristics as age, sex, affected eye, ultrasound parameters, and treatment management of patients with clinically diagnosed choroidal melanoma. Among the patients submitted to enucleation, we investigated how many could have been selected to receive brachytherapy. RESULTS: From the 102 patients referred with the choroidal melanoma diagnosis hypothesis, 70 (68.62%) were confirmed. Mean measurements from the tumors in millimetres were: 9.19 ± 3.69 at height and 12.97 ± 3.09 by 13.30 ± 3.30 at basal. A total of 48 cases (68.57%) were enucleated, 8 (11.43%) were treated by brachytherapy in a different service, and 14 patients (20.00%) returned for enucleation at their original referral center. Out of the 48 patients enucleated, 26 (54.17%) could have been selected to brachytherapy treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate a late diagnosis of choroidal melanoma cases referred to our service. Most enucleated cases could have been treated with brachytherapy if it was broadly available at the national public health insurance. Further public health political efforts should focus on early diagnosis and better quality of life post-treatment for oncologic patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Coroide , Melanoma , Neoplasias Uveais , Humanos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Uveais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Uveais/terapia , Neoplasias da Coroide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Coroide/terapia , Neoplasias da Coroide/patologia , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Melanoma/terapia , Melanoma/patologia , Corpo Ciliar/patologia , Enucleação Ocular
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(22)2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36430764

RESUMO

Amino acids are crucial nutrients involved in several cellular and physiological processes, including fertilization and early embryo development. In particular, Leucine and Arginine have been shown to stimulate implantation, as lack of both in a blastocyst culture system is able to induce a dormant state in embryos. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of Leucine and Arginine withdrawal on pluripotent mouse embryonic stem cell status, notably, their growth, self-renewal, as well as glycolytic and oxidative metabolism. Our results show that the absence of both Leucine and Arginine does not affect mouse embryonic stem cell pluripotency, while reducing cell proliferation through cell-cycle arrest. Importantly, these effects are not related to Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (LIF) and are reversible when both amino acids are reconstituted in the culture media. Moreover, a lack of these amino acids is related to a reduction in glycolytic and oxidative metabolism and decreased protein translation in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), while maintaining their pluripotent status.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Embrionárias , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas , Animais , Camundongos , Leucina/farmacologia , Leucina/metabolismo , Arginina/farmacologia , Arginina/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células
14.
Malar J ; 21(1): 239, 2022 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35987625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, nearly half of all deaths among children under the age of 5 years can be attributed to malaria, diarrhoea, and pneumonia. A significant proportion of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite several programmes implemented in sub-Saharan Africa, the burden of these illnesses remains persistently high. To mobilise resources for such programmes it is necessary to evaluate their costs, costs-effectiveness, and affordability. This study aimed to estimate the provider costs of treating malaria, diarrhoea, and pneumonia among children under the age of 5 years in routine settings at the health facility level in rural Uganda and Mozambique. METHODS: Service and cost data was collected from health facilities in midwestern Uganda and Inhambane province, Mozambique from private and public health facilities. Financial and economic costs of providing care for childhood illnesses were investigated from the provider perspective by combining a top-down and bottom-up approach to estimate unit costs and annual total costs for different types of visits for these illnesses. All costs were collected in Ugandan shillings and Mozambican meticais. Costs are presented in 2021 US dollars. RESULTS: In Uganda, the highest number of outpatient visits were for children with uncomplicated malaria and of inpatient admissions were for respiratory infections, including pneumonia. The highest unit cost for outpatient visits was for pneumonia (and other respiratory infections) and ranged from $0.5 to 2.3, while the highest unit cost for inpatient admissions was for malaria ($19.6). In Mozambique, the highest numbers of outpatient and inpatient admissions visits were for malaria. The highest unit costs were for malaria too, ranging from $2.5 to 4.2 for outpatient visits and $3.8 for inpatient admissions. The greatest contributors to costs in both countries were drugs and diagnostics, followed by staff. CONCLUSIONS: The findings highlighted the intensive resource use in the treatment of malaria and pneumonia for outpatient and inpatient cases, particularly at higher level health facilities. Timely treatment to prevent severe complications associated with these illnesses can also avoid high costs to health providers, and households. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT01972321.


Assuntos
Diarreia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Malária , Pneumonia , Pré-Escolar , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária/terapia , Moçambique/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/terapia , Serviços de Saúde Rural/economia , Uganda/epidemiologia
15.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 26: 101580, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35592361

RESUMO

Purpose: Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a mesenchymal neoplasm with smooth muscle differentiation, being considered one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas. However, it rarely affects the eye, and when it does, it is usually located in the orbit, being extremely rare in the conjunctiva. Observations: We report a case of a 45 years old male patient, with a recurrent rapid growing conjunctival mass on the temporal limbus of his left eye, which was excised, and the anatomopathological report was suggestive of a grade 1 leiomyosarcoma. Since the lesion was recurrent, we decided to perform an extended enucleation for treating this condition. Nevertheless, the patient is being followed up to 30 months, with systemic metastasis screening, showing no other lesions or recurrences. Conclusions and importance: Conjunctival leiomyosarcoma is an extremely rare ocular tumor, which can be clinically indistinguishable from other conditions such as squamous cell carcinoma, so, biopsy is essential. Albeit there is no standard treatment, complete surgical removal with safety margins is mandatory.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ankyloglossia is characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenulum, which impairs tongue movement. Ankyloglossia has been related to craniofacial growth disturbances and dental malocclusion. But even though there is a clear biological plausibility for this hypothesis, available evidence is scarce. METHODS: A case-control design was followed. Patients between 4 and 14 years old were routinely screened for short lingual frenulum and recruited from the pediatric Otolaryngology consultation of 3 Spanish tertiary referral hospitals. Lingual frenulum was assessed with the Marchesan system. A cohort of cases with short lingual frenulum and a cohort of healthy controls matched for sex and age were included. Both cases and controls had pictures of occlusion. Occlusion was evaluated by an expert in orthodontics, blinded for the frenulum assessment. RESULTS: A total of 100 participants were included, 70 males and 30 females. The proportion of malocclusion in the short lingual frenulum group was 48%, while it was 24% in the normal frenulum group. The odds ratio of malocclusion for the short lingual frenulum patients was 2.92 (CI 95% 1.15-7.56). The difference was statistically significant (p=.012). This difference was significant for patients with class III occlusion (p=.029). There was no difference for patients with class II (p=.317). CONCLUSIONS: This work supports the hypothesis that relates class III malocclusion with a short lingual frenulum.


Assuntos
Anquiloglossia , Má Oclusão , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Freio Lingual , Masculino
17.
Acta otorrinolaringol. esp ; 73(3): 177-183, may. - jun. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-206041

RESUMO

Objective: Ankyloglossia is characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenulum, which impairs tongue movement. Ankyloglossia has been related to craniofacial growth disturbances and dental malocclusion. But even though there is a clear biological plausibility for this hypothesis, available evidence is scarce. Methods: A case–control design was followed. Patients between 4 and 14 years old were routinely screened for short lingual frenulum and recruited from the pediatric Otolaryngology consultation of 3 Spanish tertiary referral hospitals. Lingual frenulum was assessed with the Marchesan system. A cohort of cases with short lingual frenulum and a cohort of healthy controls matched for sex and age were included. Both cases and controls had pictures of occlusion. Occlusion was evaluated by an expert in orthodontics, blinded for the frenulum assessment. Results: A total of 100 participants were included, 70 males and 30 females. The proportion of malocclusion in the short lingual frenulum group was 48%, while it was 24% in the normal frenulum group. The odds ratio of malocclusion for the short lingual frenulum patients was 2.92 (CI 95% 1.15–7.56). The difference was statistically significant (p=.012). This difference was significant for patients with class III occlusion (p=.029). There was no difference for patients with class II (p=.317). Conclusions: This work supports the hypothesis that relates class III malocclusion with a short lingual frenulum.(AU)


Objetivo: La anquiloglosia se caracteriza por un frenillo lingual anormalmente corto que dificulta la movilidad de la lengua. La anquiloglosia ha sido relacionada con alteraciones del desarrollo facial y maloclusión dentaria. Sin embargo, a pesar de una clara plausibilidad biológica para esta hipótesis, la evidencia disponible es escasa. Métodos: Siguiendo un diseño de casos y controles se incluyeron pacientes entre 4-14 años atendidos en las consultas de otorrinolaringología pediátrica de 3 hospitales de tercer nivel en España. El frenillo lingual se evaluó mediante el sistema de Marchesan. Se incluyó una cohorte de casos con frenillo lingual corto, y una cohorte de controles sanos apareados por sexo y edad. A todos los participantes se les tomó fotografía dentaria en oclusión. La oclusión se evaluó mediante un odontólogo experto en ortodoncia, ciego a la evaluación del frenillo lingual. Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 100 participantes, 70 hombres y 30 mujeres. La proporción de maloclusión en la cohorte con frenillo lingual corto fue del 48% y del 24% en la cohorte de controles. La odds ratio de maloclusión fue 2,92 (IC 95%: 1,15-7,56). La diferencia entre grupos fue estadísticamente significativa (p=0,012). Por subgrupos, la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa para los pacientes con maloclusión clase iii (p=0,029), pero no para aquellos con maloclusión clase ii (p=0,317). Conclusiones: Este trabajo apoya la hipótesis que relaciona la maloclusión de clase iii con el frenillo lingual corto.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Anquiloglossia/diagnóstico , Freio Lingual , Otolaringologia , Pediatria , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico por imagem , Ortodontia , Odontologia
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(7)2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409106

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells reside under precise hypoxic conditions that are paramount in determining cell fate and behavior (metabolism, proliferation, differentiation, etc.). In this work, we show that different oxygen tensions promote a distinct proliferative response and affect the biosynthetic demand and global metabolic profile of umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs). Using both gas-based strategies and CoCl2 as a substitute for the costly hypoxic chambers, we found that specific oxygen tensions influence the fate of UC-MSCs differently. While 5% O2 potentiates proliferation, stimulates biosynthetic pathways, and promotes a global hypermetabolic profile, exposure to <1% O2 contributes to a quiescent-like cell state that relies heavily on anaerobic glycolysis. We show that using CoCl2 as a hypoxia substitute of moderate hypoxia has distinct metabolic effects, when compared with gas-based strategies. The present study also highlights that, while severe hypoxia regulates global translation via mTORC1 modulation, its effects on survival-related mechanisms are mainly modulated through mTORC2. Therefore, the experimental conditions used in this study establish a robust and reliable hypoxia model for UC-MSCs, providing relevant insights into how stem cells are influenced by their physiological environment, and how different strategies of modulating hypoxia may influence experimental outcomes.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Diferenciação Celular , Hipóxia Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
19.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 28: 307-327, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35474734

RESUMO

Endothelial cell (EC) activity is essential for tissue regeneration in several (patho)physiological contexts. However, our capacity to deliver in vivo biomolecules capable of controlling EC fate is relatively limited. Here, we screened a library of microRNA (miR) mimics and identified 25 miRs capable of enhancing the survival of ECs exposed to ischemia-mimicking conditions. In vitro, we showed that miR-425-5p, one of the hits, was able to enhance EC survival and migration. In vivo, using a mouse Matrigel plug assay, we showed that ECs transfected with miR-425-5p displayed enhanced survival compared with scramble-transfected ECs. Mechanistically, we showed that miR-425-5p modulated the PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway and inhibition of miR-425-5p target genes (DACH1, PTEN, RGS5, and VASH1) phenocopied the pro-survival. For the in vivo delivery of miR-425-5p, we modulated small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) with miR-425-5p and showed, in vitro, that miR-425-5p-modulated sEVs were (1) capable of enhancing the survival of ECs exposed to ischemia-mimic conditions, and (2) efficiently internalized by skin cells. Finally, using a streptozotocin-induced diabetic wound healing mouse model, we showed that, compared with miR-scrambled-modulated sEVs, topical administration of miR-425-5p-modulated sEVs significantly enhanced wound healing, a process mediated by enhanced vascularization and skin re-epithelialization.

20.
Gels ; 8(3)2022 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35323256

RESUMO

Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogels have been widely studied for cartilage replacement due to their biocompatibility, chemical stability, and ability to be modified such that they approximate natural tissue behavior. Additionally, they may also be used with advantages as local drug delivery systems. However, their properties are not yet the most adequate for such applications. This work aimed to develop new PVA-based hydrogels for this purpose, displaying improved tribomechanical properties with the ability to control the release of diclofenac (DFN). Four types of PVA-based hydrogels were prepared via freeze-thawing: PVA, PVA/PAA (by polyacrylic acid (PAA) addition), PVA/PAA+PEG (by polyethylene glycol (PEG) immersion), and PVA/PAA+PEG+A (by annealing). Their morphology, water uptake, mechanical and rheological properties, wettability, friction coefficient, and drug release behavior were accessed. The irritability of the best-performing material was investigated. The results showed that the PAA addition increased the swelling and drug release amount. PEG immersion led to a more compact structure and significantly improved the material's tribomechanical performance. The annealing treatment led to the material with the most suitable properties: besides presenting a low friction coefficient, it further enhanced the mechanical properties and ensured a controlled DFN release for at least 3 days. Moreover, it did not reveal irritability potential for biological tissues.

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