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1.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 101, 2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alabama is one of seven priority states for the National Ending the HIV Epidemic Initiative due to a disproportionate burden of rural infections. To reverse growing infection rates, the state must increase its focus on prevention efforts, including novel strategies. One such approach is to utilize dashboards that visualize real-time data on the pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) care continuum to assist in prioritizing evidence-based preventative care for those most vulnerable for HIV infection. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods evaluation to ascertain stakeholders' perceptions on the acceptability, feasibility, appropriateness, and usability of a PrEP care continuum dashboard, as well as gain insight on ways to improve the activities necessary to sustain it. Clinicians, administrators, and data personnel from participating sites in Alabama completed surveys (n = 9) and participated in key informant interviews (n = 10) to better understand their experiences with the prototype data dashboard and to share feedback on how it can be modified to best fit their needs. RESULTS: Surveys and interviews revealed that all participants find the pilot data dashboard to be an acceptable, feasible, and appropriate intervention for clinic use. Overall, stakeholders find the pilot dashboard to be usable and helpful in administrative efforts, such as report and grant writing; however, additional refining is needed in order to reduce burden and optimize usefulness. Participants voiced concerns about their site's abilities to sustain the dashboard, including the lack of systematized PrEP protocols and limited funds and staff time dedicated to PrEP data collection, cleaning, and upload. CONCLUSION: Study participants from clinics providing HIV prevention services, including PrEP, in Alabama voiced interest in sustaining and refining a data dashboard that tracks clients across the PrEP care continuum. Despite viewing the platform itself as an acceptable, feasible, and appropriate intervention, participants agreed that efforts need to be focused on standardizing PrEP data collection protocols in order to ensure consistent, accurate data capture and that limited funds and staff time are barriers to the sustained implementation of the dashboard in practice.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Humanos , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Viabilidade , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Sudeste dos Estados Unidos , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição/métodos
2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 919, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35841096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alabama is one of seven priority states for the National Ending the HIV Epidemic Initiative due to a large rural burden of disease. Mental health (MH) and substance use disorders (SUD) represent obstacles to HIV care in rural areas lacking Medicaid expansion and infrastructure. Evidence-informed technologies, such as telehealth, may enhance SUD and MH services but remain understudied in rural regions. METHODS: We conducted a readiness assessment using a mixed methods approach to explore opportunities for enhanced SUD and MH screening using electronic patient reported outcomes (ePROs) and telehealth at five Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program-funded clinics in AL. Clinic providers and staff from each site (N = 16) completed the Organizational Readiness to Implement Change (ORIC) assessment and interviews regarding existing services and readiness to change. People with HIV from each site (PLH, N = 18) completed surveys on the acceptability and accessibility of technology for healthcare. RESULTS: Surveys and interviews revealed that all clinics screen for depression annually by use of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ9). SUD screening is less frequent and unstandardized. Telehealth is available at all sites, with three of the five sites beginning services due to the COVID-19 pandemic; however, telehealth for MH and SUD services is not standardized across sites. Results demonstrate an overall readiness to adopt standardized screenings and expand telehealth services beyond HIV services at clinics. There were several concerns including Wi-Fi access, staff capacity, and patients' technological literacy. A sample of 18 people with HIV (PWH), ages 18 to 65 years, participated in surveys; all demonstrated adequate technology literacy. A majority had accessed telehealth and were not concerned about it being too complicated or limiting communication. There were some concerns around lack of in-person interaction and lack of a physical exam and high-quality care with telehealth. CONCLUSION: This study of PWH and the clinics that serve them reveals opportunities to expand SUD and MH services in rural regions using technology. Areas for improvement include implementing routine SUD screening, expanding telehealth while maintaining opportunities for in-person interaction, and using standardized ePROs that are completed by patients, in order to minimize stigma and bias.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alabama/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Tecnologia , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 90(S1): S161-S166, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703768

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ending the HIV Epidemic initiatives provide a unique opportunity to use implementation scientific methods to guide implementation of evidence-based practices and evaluate their effectiveness in real-word settings to improve HIV inequities. This report demonstrates our use of Implementation Mapping (IM) to engage participating county health departments, AIDS services organizations, and community-based organizations in the development of a data dashboard to track the PrEP care continuum for the state of Alabama, an Ending the HIV Epidemic hotspot. METHODS: Our project is guided by an overarching Implementation Research Logic Model and by the tenets of IM, a 5-step approach to support researchers and community partners in the systematic selection, development, and/or tailoring of implementation strategies to increase program adoption, implementation, and sustainability. RESULTS: Step 1, the needs assessment, established baseline data elements for a PrEP care continuum for participating community-based organizations, AIDS services organizations, and the state health department as well as investigated their desire for data visualization and willingness to share data to inform initiatives to improve PrEP access. Step 2 identified adaptability, relative advantage, and complexity as determinants of intervention adoption. Based on findings from steps 1 and 2, the investigators and community partners determined to move forward with development of a data dashboard. Step 3 identified the following implementation strategies to support a dashboard, including development of educational materials, synchronous and asynchronous training, technical assistance, and improved record systems. DISCUSSION: Using IM supports community-engaged researchers in designing strategies to end the epidemic that are context-specific and more impactful in real-word settings.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Infecções por HIV , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Alabama , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição/métodos
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