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1.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 95: 87-91, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38879938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chin prosthesis implantation, a cosmetic procedure to correct chin asymmetry, depression, or retraction, is generally safe and simple. However, its long-term effects on surrounding tissues are a concern. This study aimed to use three-dimensional (3D) scanning to classify the mentalis muscle shapes and assess the impact of prosthesis implantation on these muscles. METHOD: This study evaluated 450 eligible female participants. Using three-dimensional imaging, data on the types, thickness, width, and length of the left and right mentalis muscles were collected and summarized. The impact of chin prosthesis on these muscle dimensions was assessed using analysis of variance, and the effect on muscle type was determined using χ2 test. RESULTS: Chin implant placement affected the mentalis muscles, resulting in increased length, thickness, and width. The subjects' mentalis muscles were categorized into 3 types and divided into 7 subtypes. χ2 test results indicated that implantation influences the classification of these muscles. CONCLUSION: Recognizing how implant placement affects the mentalis muscle can guide the development of treatments to mitigate these changes. Additionally, understanding the muscle's morphology enables more precise treatment approaches for patients.

2.
Nat Genet ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834904

RESUMO

Unlike megabats, which rely on well-developed vision, microbats use ultrasonic echolocation to navigate and locate prey. To study ultrasound perception, here we compared the auditory cortices of microbats and megabats by constructing reference genomes and single-nucleus atlases for four species. We found that parvalbumin (PV)+ neurons exhibited evident cross-species differences and could respond to ultrasound signals, whereas their silencing severely affected ultrasound perception in the mouse auditory cortex. Moreover, megabat PV+ neurons expressed low levels of complexins (CPLX1-CPLX4), which can facilitate neurotransmitter release, while microbat PV+ neurons highly expressed CPLX1, which improves neurotransmission efficiency. Further perturbation of Cplx1 in PV+ neurons impaired ultrasound perception in the mouse auditory cortex. In addition, CPLX1 functioned in other parts of the auditory pathway in microbats but not megabats and exhibited convergent evolution between echolocating microbats and whales. Altogether, we conclude that CPLX1 expression throughout the entire auditory pathway can enhance mammalian ultrasound neurotransmission.

3.
Front Pediatr ; 12: 1355277, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859980

RESUMO

Background: Cardio-Facio-Cutaneous syndrome (CFCS) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder primarily caused by BRAF gene mutations, posing diagnostic challenges due to its multifaceted clinical presentation. Objective: To elucidate the clinical characteristics of pediatric CFCS patients, expanding the phenotypic spectrum to enhance early diagnostic capabilities, while also presenting the relationship between genotye and corresponding phenotype severity. Methods: From January 2015 to March 2022, four children diagnosed with CFCS in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were included for analysis. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was conducted to identify the types and locations of possible gene mutations. Neurological development was assessed using electroencephalography (EEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Gesell developmental evaluation. Results: All four CFCS patients exhibited de novo BRAF gene mutations, manifesting with cardiac malformations, distinctive facial features, skin and hair changes, and neurological abnormalities. WES revealed that the specific BRAF mutations were closely linked to their clinical severity. Three patients displayed milder symptoms (case 1-3, genotype I or II), demonstrating stability or slight improvement, whereas one patient (case 4, genotype III) suffered from a severe phenotype characterized by profound neurological and digestive system impairments, leading to a significantly reduced quality of life and a grim prognosis. Conclusion: In CFCS patients, severe developmental delay and seizures are predominant neurological features, possibly accompanied by continuous spike-and-wave during sleep (CSWS) and severe sleep disturbances. CFCS generally carries a poor prognosis, underscoring the importance of disease awareness and early genetic testing.

4.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861663

RESUMO

The length of hypocotyl affects the height of soybean and lodging resistance, thus determining the final grain yield. However, research on soybean hypocotyl length is scarce, and the regulatory mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we identified a module controlling the transport of sucrose, where sucrose acts as a messenger moved from cotyledon to hypocotyl, regulating hypocotyl elongation. This module comprises four key genes, namely MYB33, SWEET11, SWEET21 and GA2ox8c in soybean. In cotyledon, MYB33 is responsive to sucrose and promotes the expression of SWEET11 and SWEET21, thereby facilitating sucrose transport from the cotyledon to the hypocotyl. Subsequently, sucrose transported from the cotyledon up-regulates the expression of GA2ox8c in the hypocotyl, which ultimately affects the length of the hypocotyl. During the domestication and improvement of soybean, an allele of MYB33 with enhanced abilities to promote SWEET11 and SWEET21 has gradually become enriched in landraces and cultivated varieties, SWEET11 and SWEET21 exhibit high conservation and have undergone a strong purified selection and GA2ox8c is under a strong artificial selection. Our findings identify a new molecular pathway in controlling soybean hypocotyl elongation and provide new insights into the molecular mechanism of sugar transport in soybean.

5.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2404253, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38864316

RESUMO

It is an increasingly mature application solution that triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) supplies power to electronic devices through its power management system (PMS). However, the previous PMS is able to manage a limited voltage magnitude and the energy storage elements are limited to capacitors. This work proposes an ultrahigh voltage PMS (UV-PMS) to realize the charging of commercial lithium cells (LCs) by TENG. The design of UV-PMS enables energy management of TENGs with ultrahigh open-circuit voltages up to 3500 V and boosts the peak charging current from 30.9 µA to 2.77 mA, an increase of 89.64 times. With the introduction of UV-PMS, the effective charging capacity of LC charged by a TENG at a working frequency of 1.5 Hz for 1 h comes to 429.7 µAh, making a 75.3 times enhancement compared to charging by TENG directly. The maximum charging power comes to 1.56 mW. The energy storage efficiency is above 97% and the overall charge efficiency can be maintained at 81.2%. This work provides a reliable strategy for TENG to store energy in LC, and has promising applications in energy storage, LC's life, and self-powered systems.

6.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38895352

RESUMO

Alphaviruses are mosquito borne RNA viruses that are a reemerging public health threat. Alphaviruses have a broad host range, and can cause diverse disease outcomes like arthritis, and encephalitis. The host ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) plays critical roles in regulating cellular processes to control the infections with various viruses, including alphaviruses. Previous studies suggest alphaviruses hijack UPS for virus infection, but the molecular mechanisms remain poorly characterized. In addition, whether certain E3 ubiquitin ligases or deubiquitinases act as alphavirus restriction factors remains poorly understood. Here, we employed a cDNA expression screen to identify E3 ubiquitin ligase TRIM32 as a novel intrinsic restriction factor against alphavirus infection, including VEEV-TC83, SINV, and ONNV. Ectopic expression of TRIM32 reduces alphavirus infection, whereas depletion of TRIM32 with CRISPR-Cas9 increases infection. We demonstrate that TRIM32 inhibits alphaviruses through a mechanism that is independent of the TRIM32-STING-IFN axis. Combining reverse genetics and biochemical assays, we found that TRIM32 interferes with genome translation after membrane fusion, prior to replication of the incoming viral genome. Furthermore, our data indicate that the monoubiquitination of TRIM32 is important for its antiviral activity. Notably, we also show two TRIM32 pathogenic mutants R394H and D487N, related to Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD), have a loss of antiviral activity against VEEV-TC83. Collectively, these results reveal that TRIM32 acts as a novel intrinsic restriction factor suppressing alphavirus infection and provides insights into the interaction between alphaviruses and the host UPS. Author summary: Due to climate change, wildlife habitat loss, and human activities, alphavirus infections are a growing threat to public health. The host UPS has critical role in virus-host interaction, but how the UPS impact alphavirus infection is not completely understood. In this study, we found that the E3 ubiquitin ligase TRIM32 inhibits diverse alphaviruses in multiple cell types. Mechanistically, TRIM32 impairs primary translation of incoming viral genome in a manner that depends on. monoubiquitination of TRIM32. Additionally, disease-associated alleles of TRIM32 have a loss-of-function with respect to viral inhibition. Together, these findings uncover a novel biological function of TRIM32 in regulating alphavirus infection and provide important insights into the interplay between alphaviruses and the host USP.

8.
Nat Plants ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831044

RESUMO

The de novo synthesis of genomes has made unprecedented progress and achieved milestones, particularly in bacteria and yeast. However, the process of synthesizing a multicellular plant genome has not progressed at the same pace, due to the complexity of multicellular plant genomes, technical difficulties associated with large genome size and structure, and the intricacies of gene regulation and expression in plants. Here we outline the bottom-up design principles for the de novo synthesis of the Physcomitrium patens (that is, earthmoss) genome. To facilitate international collaboration and accessibility, we have developed and launched a public online design platform called GenoDesigner. This platform offers an intuitive graphical interface enabling users to efficiently manipulate extensive genome sequences, even up to the gigabase level. This tool is poised to greatly expedite the synthesis of the P. patens genome, offering an essential reference and roadmap for the synthesis of plant genomes.

9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872439

RESUMO

Brominated byproducts and toxicity generation are critical issues for ozone application to wastewater containing bromide. This study demonstrated that ultraviolet/ozone (UV/O3, 100 mJ/cm2, 1 mg-O3/mg-DOC) reduced the cytotoxicity of wastewater from 14.2 mg of pentol/L produced by ozonation to 4.3 mg of pentol/L (1 mg/L bromide, pH 7.0). The genotoxicity was also reduced from 1.65 to 0.17 µg-4-NQO/L by UV/O3. Compared with that of O3 alone, adsorbable organic bromine was reduced from 25.8 to 5.3 µg/L by UV/O3, but bromate increased from 32.9 to 71.4 µg/L. The UV/O3 process enhanced the removal of pre-existing precursors (highly unsaturated and phenolic compounds and poly aromatic hydrocarbons), while new precursors were generated, yet the combined effect of UV/O3 on precursors did not result in a significant change in toxicity. Instead, UV radiation inhibited HOBr concentration through both rapid O3 decomposition to reduce HOBr production and decomposition of the formed HOBr, thus suppressing the AOBr formation. However, the hydroxyl radical-dominated pathway in UV/O3 led to a significant increase of bromate. Considering both organic bromine and bromate, the UV/O3 process effectively controlled both cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of wastewater to mammalian cells, even though an emphasis should be also placed on managing elevated bromate. Futhermore, other end points are needed to evaluate the toxicity outcomes of the UV/O3 process.

10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 4957-4976, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828198

RESUMO

Background: The "gut-islets axis" is an important endocrine signaling axis that regulates islets function by modulating the gut microbiota and endocrine metabolism within the gut. However, the specific mechanisms and roles of the intestine in islets regulation remain unclear. Recent studies investigated that exosomes derived from gut microbiota can transport signals to remotely regulate islets ß-cell function, suggesting the possibility of novel signaling pathways mediated by gut exosomes in the regulation of the "gut-islet axis.". Methods: The exosomes were isolated from the intestinal enteroendocrine cell-line STC-1cells culture supernatants treated with palmitate acid (PA) or BSA. Metabolic stress models were established by separately subjecting MIN6 cells to PA stimulation and feeding mice with a high-fat diet. Intervention with exosomes in vitro and in vivo to assess the biological effects of exosomes on islets ß cells under metabolic stress. The Mas receptor antagonist A779 and ACE2ko mice were used to evaluate the role of exosomal ACE2. Results: We found ACE2, a molecule that plays a crucial role in the regulation of islets function, is abundantly expressed in exosomes derived from STC-1 under physiological normal condition (NCEO). These exosomes cannot only be taken up by ß-cells in vitro but also selectively transported to the islets in vivo. Following intervention with NCEXO, both Min6 cells in a lipotoxic environment and mice on a high-fat diet exhibited significant improvements in islets ß-cell function and ß-cell mass. Further investigations demonstrated that these protective effects are attributed to exosomal ACE2, as ACE2 inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation and reduces ß-cell pyroptosis. Conclusion: ACE2-enriched exosomes from the gut can selectively target islets, subsequently inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation and ß cell pyroptosis, thereby restoring islets ß cell function under metabolic stress. This study provides novel insights into therapeutic strategies for the prevention and treatment of obesity and diabetes.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Exossomos , Inflamassomos , Células Secretoras de Insulina , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Piroptose , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Camundongos , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Piroptose/fisiologia , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Intestino Delgado/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Camundongos Knockout , Células Enteroendócrinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Enteroendócrinas/metabolismo
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(9): 2441-2450, 2024 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38812143

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the correlation between intestinal toxicity and composition changes of Euphorbia ebracteolata before and after Terminalia chebula soup(TCS) processing. Intragastric administration was performed on the whole animal model. By using fecal water content, inflammatory causes, and pathological damage of different parts of the intestinal tract of mice as indexes, the differences in intestinal toxicity of dichloromethane extraction of raw E. ebracteolata(REDE), dichloromethane extraction of TCS, and dichloromethane extraction of E. ebracteolata after simulated TCS processing(STREDE) were compared, so as to investigate the effect of TCS processing on the intestinal toxicity of E. ebracteolata. At the same time, the component databases of E. ebracteolata and T. chebula were constructed, and the composition changes of diterpenoids, tannins, and phenolic acids in the three extracted parts were analyzed by HPLC-TOF-MS. HPLC was used to compare the content of four diterpenoids including ent-11α-hydroxyabicta-8(14), 13(15)-dien-16, 12-olide(HAO), jolkinolide B(JNB), fischeria A(FA), and jolkinolide E(JNE) in the E. ebracteolata before and after processing and the residue of container wall after processing, so as to investigate the effect of TCS processing on the content and structure of the diterpenoids. The results showed that the REDE group could significantly increase the fecal water content and the release levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß from each intestinal segment, and intestinal tissue damage was accompanied by significant infiltration of inflammatory cells. However, compared with the REDE group, the intestinal tissue damage in the STREDE group was alleviated, and the infiltration of inflammatory cells decreased. The intestinal toxicity significantly decreased. Mass spectrometry analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the content of diterpenoids of REDE before and after simulated TCS processing, but a large number of tannins and phenolic acids were added. The results of HPLC showed that the content of four diterpenoids of E. ebracteo-lata decreased to varying degrees after TCS processing, ranging from-0.35% to-19.74%, and the decreased part mainly remained in the container wall, indicating that the structure of toxic diterpenoids of E. ebracteolata was not changed after TCS processing. The antagonistic effect of tannic and phenolic acids in the TCS may be the main reason for the reduced intestinal toxicity of E. ebracteolata after TCS processing. The TCS processing for E. ebracteolata is scientific.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Euphorbia , Terminalia , Euphorbia/química , Animais , Terminalia/química , Camundongos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Masculino , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestinos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos
12.
Vet Parasitol ; 329: 110212, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781831

RESUMO

Tick infestations transmit various infectious agents and result in significant socioeconomic consequences. Currently, the primary focus of tick control efforts is identifying potential targets for immune intervention. In a previous study, we identified a highly conserved protein abundant in tick haemolymph extracellular vesicles (EVs) known as translationally controlled tumour protein (TCTP). We have found that native TCTP is present in various tissues of the Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides tick, including salivary glands, midgut, ovary, and fat body. Notably, TCTP is particularly abundant in the tick ovary and its levels increase progressively from the blood-feeding stage to engorgement. When the TCTP gene was knocked down by RNAi, there was a noticeable delay in ovarian development, and the reproductive performance, in terms of egg quantity and survival, was also hindered. Our investigations have revealed that the observed effects in ovary and eggs in dsRNA-treated ticks are not attributable to cell death mechanisms like apoptosis and autophagy but rather to the reduction in the expression of vitellogenin (Vg1, Vg2, and Vg3) and ferritin (ferritin 1 and ferritin 2) proteins crucial for ovarian development and embryo survival in ticks. Additionally, phylogenetic analysis and structural comparisons of RhTCTP and its orthologues across various tick species, vertebrate hosts, and humans have shown that TCTP is conserved in ticks but differs significantly between ticks and their hosts, particularly in the TCTP_1 and TCTP_2 domains. Overall, TCTP plays a vital role in tick reproductive development and presents itself as a potential target for tick control in both humans and animals.


Assuntos
Ovário , Oviposição , Rhipicephalus , Proteína Tumoral 1 Controlada por Tradução , Animais , Feminino , Rhipicephalus/genética , Rhipicephalus/fisiologia , Rhipicephalus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Filogenia , Vitelogeninas/genética , Vitelogeninas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo
13.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1341545, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38779561

RESUMO

Background: Engaging in anal sexual intercourse markedly increases the risk of developing HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM); oral sexual activities tend to uniquely introduce gut-derived microbes to salivary microbiota, which, combined with an individual's positive HIV status, may greatly perturb oral microecology. However, till date, only a few published studies have addressed this aspect. Methods: Based on 16S rRNA sequencing data of bacterial taxa, MicroPITA picks representative samples for metagenomic analysis, effectively revealing how the development and progression of the HIV disease influences oral microbiota in MSM. Therefore, we collected samples from 11 HIV-negative and 44 HIV-positive MSM subjects (stage 0 was defined by HIV RNA positivity, but negative or indeterminate antibody status; stages 1, 2, and 3 were defined by CD4+ T lymphocyte counts ≥ 500, 200-499, and ≤ 200 or opportunistic infection) and selected 25 representative saliva samples (5 cases/stage) using MicroPITA. Metagenomic sequencing analysis were performed to explore whether positive HIV status changes salivary bacterial KEGG function and metabolic pathway in MSM. Results: The core functions of oral microbiota were maintained across each of the five groups, including metabolism, genetic and environmental information processing. All HIV-positive groups displayed KEGG functions of abnormal proliferation, most prominently at stage 0, and others related to metabolism. Clustering relationship analysis tentatively identified functional relationships between groups, with bacterial function being more similar between stage 0-control groups and stage 1-2 groups, whereas the stage 3 group exhibited large functional changes. Although we identified most metabolic pathways as being common to all five groups, several unique pathways formed clusters for certain groups; the stage 0 group had several, while the stage 2 and 3 groups had few, such clusters. The abundance of K03046 was positively correlated with CD4 counts. Conclusion: As HIV progresses, salivary bacterial function and metabolic pathways in MSM progressively changes, which may be related to HIV promoting abnormal energy metabolism and exacerbate pathogen virulence. Further, infection and drug resistance of acute stage and immune cell destruction of AIDS stage were abnormally increased, predicting an increased risk for MSM individuals to develop systemic and oral diseases.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Homossexualidade Masculina , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Saliva , Humanos , Masculino , Saliva/microbiologia , Saliva/virologia , Infecções por HIV/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Adulto , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Microbiota , Metagenômica , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero
14.
J Cancer ; 15(11): 3596-3611, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38817874

RESUMO

Background: Stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) is the fifth most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Cancer-testis antigens (CTAs) participate in the pathogenesis and development of multiple cancers and are aberrantly overexpressed in various types of cancer. This study aimed to develop a CTA-related gene signature (CTARSig) to predict prognosis in STAD patients and explore its underlying mechanisms. Methods: We performed differential and prognostic analyses of CTA-related genes and constructed a CTA-related signature (CTARSig) along with a novel nomogram to predict the prognosis of patients with STAD based on the Cox and The Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator. CTARSig was further validated in an external cohort (GSE84437). Additionally, univariate and multivariate Cox regression, as well as receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses, were performed to assess the CTARSig systematically. Single-sample gene set enrichment analysis and ESTIMATE were used to characterise the Tumor Immune Microenvironment (TIME) in patients with STAD. Furthermore, Gene Set Variation Analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, and Gene Ontology analyses revealed the biological functions and signalling pathways associated with CTARSig. Finally, the human gastric cancer cell lines, HCG-27 and AGS, were used for in vitro and in vivo experiments, respectively, to further validate the role of ELOVL4. Results: Eleven CTA-related genes were identified to construct the CTARSig. Kaplan-Meier curves, independent prognostic analysis, and ROC curves revealed that CTARSig could better predict survival in patients with STAD. Moreover, in our study, we demonstrated that ELOVL4 is upregulated in gastric cancer tissues and that its high expression is associated with poor survival. Additionally, in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that ELOVL4 promotes the metastatic and invasive potential of STAD cells, suggesting it may be a potential therapeutic target for STAD. Conclusion: In this study, a novel signature associated with CTAs was constructed for STAD, which may be a good predictor of patient prognosis. Thus, ELOVL4 may be a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer. This study provides new insights into the potential roles of CTAs in gastric cancer.

15.
ACS Sens ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759108

RESUMO

Flexible self-powered tactile sensors, with applications spanning wearable electronics, human-machine interaction, prosthetics, and soft robotics, offer real-time feedback on tactile interactions in diverse environments. Despite advances in their structural development, challenges persist in sensitivity and robustness, particularly when additional functionalities, such as high transparency and stretchability. In this study, we present a novel approach integrating a bionic fingerprint ring structure with a PVDF-HFP/AgNWs composite fiber electrode membrane, fabricated via 3D printing technology and electrospinning, respectively, yielding a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG)-based self-powered tactile sensor. The sensor demonstrates high sensitivity (5.84 V/kPa in the 0-10 kPa range) and rapid response time (10 ms), attributed to the microring texture on its surface, and exhibits exceptional robustness, maintaining electrical output integrity even after 24,000 cycles of loading. These findings highlight the potential of the microring structures in addressing critical challenges in flexible sensor technology.

16.
Poult Sci ; 103(7): 103775, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713985

RESUMO

Goose circovirus (GoCV), a potential immunosuppressive virus possessing a circular single-stranded DNA genome, is widely distributed in both domesticated and wild geese. This virus infection causes significant economic losses in the waterfowl industry. The codon usage patterns of viruses reflect the evolutionary history and genetic architecture, allowing them to adapt quickly to changes in the external environment, particularly to their hosts. In this study, we retrieved the coding sequences (Rep and Cap) and the genome of GoCV from GenBank, conducting comprehensive research to explore the codon usage patterns in 144 GoCV strains. The overall codon usage of the GoCV strains was relatively similar and exhibited a slight bias. The effective number of codons (ENC) indicated a low overall extent of codon usage bias (CUB) in GoCV. Combined with the base composition and relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) analysis, the results revealed a bias toward A- and G-ending codons in the overall codon usage. Analysis of the ENC-GC3s plot and neutrality plot suggested that natural selection plays an important role in shaping the codon usage pattern of GoCV, with mutation pressure having a minor influence. Furthermore, the correlations between ENC and relative indices, as well as correspondence analysis (COA), showed that hydrophobicity and geographical distribution also contribute to codon usage variation in GoCV, suggesting the possible involvement of natural selection. In conclusion, GoCV exhibits comparatively slight CUB, with natural selection being the major factor shaping the codon usage pattern of GoCV. Our research contributes to a deeper understanding of GoCV evolution and its host adaptation, providing valuable insights for future basic studies and vaccine design related to GoCV.

17.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 217, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38783236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic fibrotic interstitial lung disease characterized by progressive dyspnea and decreased lung function, yet its exact etiology remains unclear. It is of great significance to discover new drug targets for IPF. METHODS: We obtained the cis-expression quantitative trait locus (cis-eQTL) of druggable genes from eQTLGen Consortium as exposure and the genome wide association study (GWAS) of IPF from the International IPF Genetics Consortium as outcomes to simulate the effects of drugs on IPF by employing mendelian randomization analysis. Then colocalization analysis was performed to calculate the probability of both cis-eQTL of druggable genes and IPF sharing a causal variant. For further validation, we conducted protein quantitative trait locus (pQTL) analysis to reaffirm our findings. RESULTS: The expression of 45 druggable genes was significantly associated with IPF susceptibility at FDR < 0.05. The expression of 23 and 15 druggable genes was significantly associated with decreased forced vital capacity (FVC) and diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLco) in IPF patients, respectively. IPF susceptibility and two significant genes (IL-7 and ABCB2) were likely to share a causal variant. The results of the pQTL analysis demonstrated that high levels of IL-7 in plasma are associated with a reduced risk of IPF (OR = 0.67, 95%CI: 0.47-0.97). CONCLUSION: IL-7 stands out as the most promising potential drug target to mitigate the risk of IPF. Our study not only sheds light on potential drug targets but also provides a direction for future drug development in IPF.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana/métodos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Feminino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Masculino
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 930: 172796, 2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692325

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) affects gene transcription, metabolite biosynthesis and growth in plants. The tung tree (Vernicia fordii) is highly adaptive to adversity, whereas the mechanisms underlying its response to Pb remain uncertain. In this work, transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses were employed to study tung trees under Pb stress. The results showed that the biomass of tung seedlings decreased with increasing Pb doses, and excessive Pb doses resulted in leaf wilting, root rot, and disruption of Pb homeostasis. Under non-excessive Pb stress, a significant change in the expression patterns of flavonoid biosynthesis genes was observed in the roots of tung seedlings, leading to changes in the accumulation of flavonoids in the roots, especially the upregulation of catechins, which can chelate Pb and reduce its toxicity in plants. In addition, Pb-stressed roots showed a large accumulation of VfWRKY55, VfWRKY75, and VfLRR1 transcripts, which were shown to be involved in the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway by gene module analysis. Overexpression of VfWRKY55, VfWRKY75, and VfLRR1 significantly increased catechin concentrations in tung roots, respectively. These data indicate that Pb stress-induced changes in the expression patterns of those genes regulate the accumulation of catechins. Our findings will help to clarify the molecular mechanism of Pb response in plants.


Assuntos
Catequina , Chumbo , Transcriptoma , Chumbo/toxicidade , Chumbo/metabolismo , Catequina/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Estresse Fisiológico , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Flavonoides/metabolismo
19.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30331, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742050

RESUMO

LINC00115 has been documented to regulate many different cancers; however, its function in thyroid cancer (THCA) remains unexplored. Therefore, we examined the effects of LINC00115 on THCA and the associated molecular mechanisms. In THCA cell lines and tumor samples, the expression levels of LINC00115, miR-489-3p, and EVA1A were analyzed by qRT-PCR along with respective controls. Cell viability, migration, and apoptosis were analyzed by employing CCK-8, transwell, and western blotting assays, respectively. Xenograft experiments were done to assess in vivo tumor growth. The interaction among LINC00115, miR-489-3p, and EVA1A was tested using RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation and luciferase assays. Key proteins of the Hippo signaling pathway were ascertained by western blotting. The outcomes elucidated that LINC00115 was overexpressed in THCA cell lines and tumor tissues. LIN00115 knockdown reduced in vitro proliferation and migration but facilitated apoptosis in THCA cells and inhibited in vivo tumor growth. The target of LINC00115 was miR-489-3p, which binds to EVA1A in THCA. Functional assays revealed that miR-489-3p inhibition boosted THCA cell proliferation and migration, but hindered apoptosis. However, EVA1A knockdown resulted in the opposite effects via the Hippo signaling pathway. Additionally, miR-489-3p inhibition partially negated the effects of LINC00115 knockdown in THCA cells, and EVA1A knockdown remarkably impeded the effects of miR-489-3p inhibition in THCA cells. Thus, LINC00115 knockdown suppressed THCA carcinogenesis via targeting miR-489-3p, which regulates EVA1A expression and affects the Hippo signaling pathway.

20.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739172

RESUMO

Individuals with a high degree of salt sensitivity (SS) have a greater risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but whether SS fosters CVD by influencing metabolomics homeostasis remains unclear. This study aimed to reveal the role of the SS-related metabolomics signature in the development of CVDs, based on the MetaSalt study, which was a dietary salt-intervention trial conducted at four centers in China in 2019. A total of 528 participants were recruited and underwent 3 days of baseline observations, a 10-day low-salt intervention, and a 10-day high-salt intervention. Plasma untargeted metabolomics, lipidomics, and BP measurements were scheduled at each stage. Participants were grouped into extreme SS, moderate SS, and salt-resistant (SR) individuals according to their BP responses to salt. Linear mixed models were used to identify SS-related metabolites and determine the relationship between the SS-related metabolomics signature and arterial stiffness. Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses were applied to establish the causal pathways among the SS-related metabolites, BP, and CVDs. Among the 713 metabolites, 467 were significantly changed after the high-salt intervention. Among them, the changes in 30 metabolites from the low-salt to the high-salt intervention differed among the SS groups. Of the remaining nonsalt-related metabolites, the baseline levels of 11 metabolites were related to SS. These 41 metabolites explained 23% of the variance in SS. Moreover, SS and its metabolomics signature were positively correlated with arterial stiffness. MR analyses demonstrated that the SS-related metabolites may affect CVD risk by altering BP, indicating that the increase in BP was the consequence of the changes in SS-related metabolites rather than the cause. Our study revealed that the metabolomics signature of SS individuals differs from that of SR individuals and that the changes in SS-related metabolites may increase arterial stiffness and foster CVDs. This study provides insight into understanding the biology and targets of SS and its role in CVDs.

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