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1.
Acta Histochem ; 124(6): 151926, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35777302

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate the impact of the microRNA (miR)-25-3p/ITGB3 axis on the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) from patients with osteoporosis (OP). BMSCs isolated from the bone marrow of healthy controls and OP patients were identified by flow cytometry, in which ITGB3 mRNA and miR-25-3p expression was detected by RT-qPCR and ITGB3, Runx2, OPN, ALP, and OSX protein expression by western blot. The binding between ITGB3 and miR-25-3p was assessed by dual-luciferase reporter gene and Ago2-RIP assays. BMSC osteogenic differentiation was observed by alizarin red staining and ALP activity. The differentiation of BMSCs to adipocytes and chondrocytes was measured by oil red O staining and alcian blue staining, respectively. BMSCs were successfully isolated from the bone marrow of healthy controls (normal-BMSCs) and OP patients (OP-BMSCs). ITGB3, Runx2, OPN, ALP, and OSX expression was poorer and miR-25-3p expression was higher in OP-BMSCs than in normal-BMSCs. Mechanistically, ITGB3 was negatively targeted by miR-25-3p. After osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs were successfully induced, adipogenic differentiation increased and osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation decreased in OP-BMSCs compared with normal-BMSCs. Overexpression of ITGB3 facilitated mineralized nodule formation and elevated ALP activity and Runx2, OPN, and ALP expression in OP-BMSCs. miR-25-3p upregulation diminished mineralized nodule formation, ALP activity, and Runx2, OPN, and ALP expression in OP-BMSCs and normal-BMSCs, which was annulled by additional ITGB3 overexpression. miR-25-3p targets ITGB3, thereby suppressing osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs from OP patients.

2.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 273, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) showed limited clinical therapeutic efficiency with chemotherapy for its multi-distributed lesions and hard-to-kill leukemia cells deep in the bone marrow. RESULTS: Here, a biomimetic nanosystem (DR@PLip) based on platelet membrane (PM) coating and doxorubicin (DOX)/ginsenoside (Rg3) co-loading was developed to potentiate the local-to-systemic chemoimmunotherapy for AML. The PM was designed for long-term circulation and better leukemia cells targeting. The participation of Rg3 was proved to enhance the tumor sensitivity to DOX, thus initiating the anti-tumor immune activation and effectively combating the leukemia cells hiding in the bone marrow. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the strategy that combining immediate chemotherapy with long-term immunotherapy achieved improved therapeutic efficiency and prolonged survival, which provided a new perspective for the clinical treatment of AML.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Biomimética , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia
3.
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 232, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous predictive formulas based on different ethnics have been developed to determine continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) without laboratory-based manual titrations. However, few studies have focused on patients with OSA in China. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a predictive equation for determining the optimal value of CPAP for patients with OSA in China. METHODS: 526 pure moderate to severe OSA patients with attended CPAP titrations during overnight polysomnogram were spited into either formula derivation (419 patients) or validation (107 patients) group according to the treatment time. Predictive model was created in the derivation group, and the accuracy of the model was tested in the validation group. RESULTS: Apnea hypopnea index (AHI), body mass index (BMI), longest apnea time (LAT), and minimum percutaneous oxygen saturation (minSpO2) were considered as independent predictors of optimal CPAP through correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis. The best equation to predict the optimal value of CPAP was: CPAPpred = 7.581 + 0.020*AHI + 0.101*BMI + 0.015*LAT-0.028*minSpO2 (R2 = 27.2%, p < 0.05).The correlation between predictive CPAP and laboratory-determined manual optimal CPAP was significant in the validation group (r = 0.706, p = 0.000). And the pressure determined by the predictive formula did not significantly differ from the manually titrated pressure in the validation cohort (10 ± 1 cmH2O vs. 11 ± 3 cmH2O, p = 0.766). CONCLUSIONS: The predictive formula based on AHI, BMI, LAT, and minSpO2 is useful in calculating the effective CPAP for patients with pure moderate to severe OSA in China to some extent.


Assuntos
Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Índice de Massa Corporal , China , Humanos , Polissonografia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia
4.
Small Methods ; : e2200588, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733078

RESUMO

Sensors as the significant units of the Internet of Things play an important role in the field of information interaction. Non-contact sensors have the advantages of flexible manipulation and a longer lifespan but it is constrained in motion detection due to their relative single detection function. Herein, a self-powered non-contact motion vector sensor (NMVS) for the multifunctional human-machine interface is reported. Based on the electrostatic induction effect, the motion vector is measured according to the output electrical signals from the non-contact triboelectric nanogenerator (NC-TENG). By simulation analysis and experimental validation, the output characteristics of NC-TENG dependence on structural and motion parameters are investigated in detail. On this basis, the resolution of NMVS is improved and exhibits for non-contact micro-vibration monitoring, rehabilitation gait detection, contactless smart lock, and the non-contact limit alarm. This work not only proposes an ingenious strategy for non-contact motion vector detection but also demonstrates the promising prospects of a multifunctional human-machine interface in intelligent electronics, health rehabilitation, and industrial inspection.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(10): 2778-2787, 2022 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35718498

RESUMO

The present study explored the mechanism of Qingwei Powder(QP) in the treatment of periodontitis based on chromatography-mass spectrometry and network pharmacology-molecular docking techniques. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and GC-MS were used to identify the chemical constituents of QP. The active components and targets were screened out through the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and their targets were predicted using SwissTargetPrediction. Targets related to periodontitis were obtained from GeneCards, OMIM, and DisGeNET. Venn diagram was constructed using Venny 2.1 to obtain the intersection targets. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was used to construct the "chemical component-target-disease" network. The targets were analyzed for Gene Ontology(GO) function and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment by clusterProfiler R, and the "chemical component-target-pathway" network was constructed. The binding activity of the active components to the target proteins was verified by molecular docking. A total of 189 chemical components were obtained by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and GC-MS, including 39 active components with 180 potential targets related to periodontitis. Target enrichment analysis of the active components yielded 92 KEGG pathways. Twenty KEGG pathways, 34 active components, and 99 targets were involved in the "chemical component-target-pathway" network. Molecular docking verified a good binding ability of the key targets to the key compounds. This study preliminarily indicates that QP is effective in treating periodontitis through multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways, which reflects the complex system of Chinese medicine. This study provides the theoretical foundation for the subsequent research on the material basis and key quality attributes of QP.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Periodontite , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Pós
6.
Front Physiol ; 13: 852693, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35770193

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of implementing low-load blood flow restriction exercises (LL-BFRE) instead of high-load exercises (HL-RE) in a contrast training program on strength and power performance of high-level young gymnasts. Fifteen high-level pre-pubescent trampoline gymnasts (national level, Tanner Stage II, intermediate experience in strength training) were divided into two groups to complete the same structure of a ten-week contrast strength training program differing only in the configuration of the first resistance exercise of the contrast sequence. The LL-BFRE group (n = 7, four girls, 13.9 ± 0.4 y) performed the first resistance exercise of the contrast with LL-BFRE (20%-30% 1RM, perceived pressure of 7 on a scale from 0 to 10). The HL-RE group (n = 8, four girls, 13.8 ± 0.5 y) trained the first resistance exercise of the contrast sequence with moderate-to-high load (60%-85% 1RM). Before and after the training period, isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP), squat jump (SJ), counter movement jump (CMJ), and drop-jump (DJ) were performed to evaluate the effect of the intervention on strength and power capacities as primary outcomes. Changes in participants' anthropometric measures, muscle mass, left and right thigh girth, IMTP relative to bodyweight (IMTP-R), eccentric utilization ratio (EUR), and reactive strength index (RSI) were assessed as secondary outcomes. There was no significant interaction (p > 0.05) between group x time in any power and strength outcome, although SJ and EUR showed a trend to significant interaction (p = 0.06 and p = 0.065, respectively). There was an overall effect of time (p < 0.05) in all power and strength variables (CMJ, SJ, EUR, DJ, RSI, IMTP, and IMTP-R). There was a significant interaction in muscle mass (MM) [ß = 0.57 kg, 95% CI = (0.15; 0.98), t13 = 2.67, p = 0.019], revealing that participants in LL-BFRE increased their muscle mass (6.6 ± 3.1%) compared to HL-RE (3.6 ± 2.0%). Anthropometric variables did not present any group or interaction effect. However, there was a time effect (p < 0.05). Implementing LL-BFRE in place of HL-RE as a conditioning activity in a contrast training sequence might be equally effective in improving lower-body strength and power in preadolescent trampoline gymnasts.

7.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(11)2022 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35684911

RESUMO

Unlike traditional optical imaging schemes, computational ghost imaging (CGI) provides a way to reconstruct images with the spatial distribution information of illumination patterns and the light intensity collected by a single-pixel detector or bucket detector. Compared with stationary scenes, the relative motion between the target and the imaging system in a dynamic scene causes the degradation of reconstructed images. Therefore, we propose a time-variant retina-like computational ghost imaging method for axially moving targets. The illuminated patterns are specially designed with retina-like structures, and the radii of foveal region can be modified according to the axial movement of target. By using the time-variant retina-like patterns and compressive sensing algorithms, high-quality imaging results are obtained. Experimental verification has shown its effectiveness in improving the reconstruction quality of axially moving targets. The proposed method retains the inherent merits of CGI and provides a useful reference for high-quality GI reconstruction of a moving target.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Compressão de Dados , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Retina/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The causal effects of moderate alcohol consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are continuously debated, especially on coronary heart disease (CHD). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the causal associations of alcohol consumption with CVDs and all-cause mortality among Chinese males. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 40,386 Chinese males, with 17,676 being genotyped for the rs671 variant in the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) gene. Cox proportional hazards model was conducted to estimate the effects of self-reported alcohol consumption. Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was performed to explore the causality using rs671 as an instrumental variable. RESULTS: During the follow-up of 303,353 person-years, 2,406 incident CVD and 3,195 all-cause mortality were identified. J-shaped associations of self-reported alcohol consumption with incident CVD and all-cause mortality were observed, showing decreased risks for light (≤25 g/day) and moderate drinkers (25-≤60 g/day). However, MR analyses revealed a linear association of genetically predicted alcohol consumption with the incident CVD (Ptrend = 0.02), including both CHD (Ptrend = 0.03) and stroke (Ptrend = 0.02). The HRs (95% CIs) for incident CVD across increasing tertiles of genetically predicted alcohol consumption were 1 (reference), 1.18 (1.01, 1.38), and 1.22 (1.03, 1.46). After excluding heavy drinkers, the risk of incident CVD and all-cause mortality was increased by 27% and 20% per standard drink increment of genetically predicted alcohol consumption, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our analyses extend the evidence of the harmful effect of alcohol consumption to total CVD (including CHD) and all-cause mortality, highlighting the potential health benefits of lowering alcohol consumption, even among light-to-moderate male drinkers.

9.
Int J Legal Med ; 2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661238

RESUMO

Determining postmortem interval (PMI) is one of the most challenging and essential endeavors in forensic science. Developments in PMI estimation can take advantage of machine learning techniques. Currently, applying an algorithm to obtain information on multiple organs and conducting joint analysis to accurately estimate PMI are still in the early stages. This study aimed to establish a multi-organ stacking model that estimates PMI by analyzing differential compounds of four organs in rats. In a total of 140 rats, skeletal muscle, liver, lung, and kidney tissue samples were collected at each time point after death. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry was used to determine the compound profiles of the samples. The original data were preprocessed using multivariate statistical analysis to determine discriminant compounds. In addition, three interrelated and increasingly complex patterns (single organ optimal model, single organ stacking model, multi-organ stacking model) were established to estimate PMI. The accuracy and generalized area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the multi-organ stacking model were the highest at 93% and 0.96, respectively. Only 1 of the 14 external validation samples was misclassified by the multi-organ stacking model. The results demonstrate that the application of the multi-organ combination to the stacking algorithm is a potential forensic tool for the accurate estimation of PMI.

10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 875407, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35664010

RESUMO

Background: Fibrotic scars are common in both human and mouse skin wounds. However, wound-induced hair neogenesis in the murine wounding models often results in regenerative repair response. Herein, we aimed to uncover cellular functional heterogeneity in dermis between fibrotic and regenerative wound healing fates. Methods: The expression matrix of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data of fibrotic and regenerative wound dermal cells was filtered, normalized, and scaled; underwent principal components analysis; and further analyzed by Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection (UMAP) for dimension reduction with the Seurat package. Cell types were annotated, and cell-cell communications were analyzed. The core cell population myofibroblast was identified and the biological functions of ligand and receptor genes between myofibroblast and macrophage were evaluated. Specific genes between fibrotic and regenerative myofibroblast and macrophage were identified. Temporal dynamics of myofibroblast and macrophage were reconstructed with the Monocle tool. Results: Across dermal cells, there were six cell types, namely, EN1-negative myofibroblasts, EN1-positive myofibroblasts, hematopoietic cells, macrophages, pericytes, and endothelial cells. Ligand and receptor genes between myofibroblasts and macrophages mainly modulated cell proliferation and migration, tube development, and the TGF-ß pathway. Specific genes that were differentially expressed in fibrotic compared to regenerative myofibroblasts or macrophages were separately identified. Specific genes between fibrotic and regenerative myofibroblasts were involved in the mRNA metabolic process and organelle organization. Specific genes between fibrotic and regenerative macrophages participated in regulating immunity and phagocytosis. We then observed the underlying evolution of myofibroblasts or macrophages. Conclusion: Collectively, our findings reveal that myofibroblasts and macrophages may alter the skin wound healing fate through modulating critical signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Cicatrização , Animais , Derme/patologia , Fibrose , Ligantes , Camundongos , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Cicatrização/genética
11.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 2367-2395, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35637838

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT), combining photosensitizers (PSs) and excitation light at a specific wavelength to produce toxic reactive oxygen species, has been a novel and promising approach to cancer treatment with non-invasiveness, spatial specificity, and minimal systemic toxicity, compared with conventional cancer treatment. Recently, numerous basic research and clinical research have demonstrated the potential of PDT in the treatment of a variety of malignant tumors, such as esophageal cancer, bladder cancer, and so on. Metal-organic framework (MOF) has been developed as a new type of nanomaterial with the advantages of high porosity, large specific surface area, adjustable pore size, and easy functionalization, which could serve as carriers to load PSs or increase the accumulation of PSs in target cells during PDT. Moreover, active MOFs have the potential to construct multifunctional systems, which are conducive to refining the tumor microenvironment (TME) and implementing combination therapy to improve PDT efficacy. Hence, a comprehensive and in-depth depiction of the whole scene of the recent development of MOFs-based PDT in cancer treatment is desirable. This review summarized the recent research strategies of MOFs-based PDT in antitumor therapy from the perspective of MOFs functions, including active MOFs, inactive MOFs, and their further combination therapies in clinical antitumor treatment. In addition, the bottlenecks and obstacles in the application of MOFs in PDT are also described.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanoestruturas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Microambiente Tumoral
12.
PeerJ Comput Sci ; 8: e893, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35494839

RESUMO

Task scheduling helps to improve the resource efficiency and the user satisfaction for Device-Edge-Cloud Cooperative Computing (DE3C), by properly mapping requested tasks to hybrid device-edge-cloud resources. In this paper, we focused on the task scheduling problem for optimizing the Service-Level Agreement (SLA) satisfaction and the resource efficiency in DE3C environments. Existing works only focused on one or two of three sub-problems (offloading decision, task assignment and task ordering), leading to a sub-optimal solution. To address this issue, we first formulated the problem as a binary nonlinear programming, and proposed an integer particle swarm optimization method (IPSO) to solve the problem in a reasonable time. With integer coding of task assignment to computing cores, our proposed method exploited IPSO to jointly solve the problems of offloading decision and task assignment, and integrated earliest deadline first scheme into the IPSO to solve the task ordering problem for each core. Extensive experimental results showed that our method achieved upto 953% and 964% better performance than that of several classical and state-of-the-art task scheduling methods in SLA satisfaction and resource efficiency, respectively.

13.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 32(7): 1681-1692, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35599090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Identify novel metabolite associations with blood pressure (BP) salt-sensitivity and hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Genetic Epidemiology Network of Salt Sensitivity (GenSalt) Replication study includes 698 Chinese participants who underwent a 3-day baseline examination followed by a 7-day low-sodium feeding and 7-day high-sodium feeding. Latent mixture models identified three trajectories of blood pressure (BP) responses to the sodium interventions. We selected 50 most highly salt-sensitive and 50 most salt-resistant participants for untargeted metabolomics profiling. Multivariable adjusted mixed logistic regression models tested the associations of baseline metabolites with BP salt-sensitivity. Multivariable adjusted mixed linear regression models tested the associations of BP salt-sensitivity with metabolite changes during the sodium interventions. Identified metabolites were tested for associations with hypertension among 1249 Bogalusa Heart Study (BHS) participants using multiple logistic regression. Fifteen salt-sensitivity metabolites were associated with hypertension in the BHS. Baseline values of serine, 2-methylbutyrylcarnitine and isoleucine directly associated with high salt-sensitivity. Among them, serine indirectly associated with hypertension while 2-methylbutyrylcarnitine and isoleucine directly associated with hypertension. Baseline salt-sensitivity status predicted changes in 14 metabolites when switching to low-sodium or high-sodium interventions. Among them, glutamate, 1-carboxyethylvaline, 2-methylbutyrylcarnitine, 3-methoxytyramine sulfate, glucose, alpha-ketoglutarate, hexanoylcarnitine, gamma-glutamylisoleucine, gamma-glutamylleucine, and gamma-glutamylphenylalanine directly associated with hypertension. Conversely, serine, histidine, threonate and 5-methyluridine indirectly associated with hypertension. Together, these metabolites explained an additional 7% of hypertension susceptibility when added to a model including traditional risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings contribute to the molecular characterization of BP response to sodium and provide novel biological insights into salt-sensitive hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Isoleucina , Pressão Sanguínea/genética , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/genética , Metabolômica , Serina , Sódio , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/efeitos adversos
14.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(10)2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35631873

RESUMO

Stretchable, adhesive, and conductive hydrogels have been regarded as ideal interfacial materials for seamless and biocompatible integration with the human body. However, existing hydrogels can rarely achieve good mechanical, electrical, and adhesive properties simultaneously, as well as limited patterning/manufacturing techniques posing severe challenges to bioelectronic research and their practical applications. Herein, we develop a stretchable, adhesive, and conductive Ti3C2Tx-polyacrylic acid hydrogel by a simple pre-crosslinking method followed by successive direct ink writing 3D printing. Pre-polymerization of acrylic acid can be initiated by mechanical mixing with Ti3C2Tx nanosheet suspension, leading to the formation of viscous 3D printable ink. Secondary free radical polymerization of the ink patterns via 3D printing can achieve a stretchable, adhesive, and conductive Ti3C2Tx-polyacrylic acid hydrogel. The as-formed hydrogel exhibits remarkable stretchability (~622%), high electrical conductivity (5.13 S m-1), and good adhesion strength on varying substrates. We further demonstrate the capability of facilely printing such hydrogels into complex geometries like mesh and rhombus patterns with high resolution and robust integration.

15.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(9)2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35591118

RESUMO

Image dehazing is challenging due to the problem of ill-posed parameter estimation. Numerous prior-based and learning-based methods have achieved great success. However, most learning-based methods use the changes and connections between scale and depth in convolutional neural networks for feature extraction. Although the performance is greatly improved compared with the prior-based methods, the performance in extracting detailed information is inferior. In this paper, we proposed an image dehazing model built with a convolutional neural network and Transformer, called Transformer for image dehazing (TID). First, we propose a Transformer-based channel attention module (TCAM), using a spatial attention module as its supplement. These two modules form an attention module that enhances channel and spatial features. Second, we use a multiscale parallel residual network as the backbone, which can extract feature information of different scales to achieve feature fusion. We experimented on the RESIDE dataset, and then conducted extensive comparisons and ablation studies with state-of-the-art methods. Experimental results show that our proposed method effectively improves the quality of the restored image, and it is also better than the existing attention modules in performance.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Redes Neurais de Computação , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Aprendizagem
16.
Rehabil Psychol ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549339

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: While there is evidence in other clinical groups to suggest that sleep problems can negatively impact cognitive performance, this relationship has not yet been examined in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Thus, we sought to examine the association between sleep and cognitive function in people with SCI. RESEARCH METHOD/DESIGN: Over the course of 7 days, 167 individuals with SCI completed daily subjective ratings of sleep (sleep quality, number of hours slept per night, and bedtime variability) and wore a wrist-worn device that continuously monitored autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity (i.e., blood volume pulse [BVP] signal and electrodermal activity [EDA] signal). At the end of this home monitoring period, participants completed a subjective rating of cognition and six objective cognitive tests. A series of multivariable linear regressions were used to examine associations between eight measures of sleep/ANS activity during sleep and eight cognitive variables. RESULTS: Subjective ratings of sleep were not related to either objective cognitive performance or self-reported cognitive function. However, there were some relationships between ANS activity during sleep and objective cognitive performance: lower BVP signal was associated with poorer performance on measures of processing speed, working memory, learning and long-term memory, and EDA signals were associated with poorer performance on a measure of executive function. CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS: Future work is needed to better understand the relationship of sleep, especially sleep physiology, and cognitive functioning for individuals with SCI, and how that may be similar or different to relationships in the general population. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

17.
Nanoscale ; 14(21): 7906-7912, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35593108

RESUMO

Triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) as a new energy harvester has attracted significant attention due to its excellent output performance and high energy conversion efficiency at low-frequency, small-amplitude and weak-force compared with a traditional electromagnetic generator. Here, an ultraweak mechanical stimuli actuated single electrode triboelectric nanogenerator (UMA-TENG) has been studied with an atomic force microscope. The electrical output and force curve of UMA-TENG were studied at first, as well as the maximum output performance and highest energy conversion efficiency. Then the influence of the driving frequency, separation distance and motion amplitude was investigated, respectively. Moreover, by introducing an external switch to reach a cycle of maximized energy output, the maximum energy conversion efficiency of the UMA-TENG was up to 73.6% with an input mechanical energy of 48 pJ. This work demonstrates that the TENG shows excellent performance in ultraweak mechanical stimuli and could broaden the applications of the TENG in sensors, actuators, micro-robotics, micro-electro-mechanical-systems, and wearable electronics.

18.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564147

RESUMO

Aqueous multivalent ion batteries, especially aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs), have promising energy storage application due to their unique merits of safety, high ionic conductivity, and high gravimetric energy density. To improve their electrochemical performance, polyaniline (PANI) is often chosen to suppress cathode dissolution. Herein, this work focuses on the zinc ion storage behavior of a PANI cathode. The energy storage mechanism of PANI is associated with four types of protonated/non-protonated amine or imine. The PANI cathode achieves a high capacity of 74 mAh g-1 at 0.3 A g-1 and maintains 48.4% of its initial discharge capacity after 1000 cycles. It also demonstrates an ultrahigh diffusion coefficient of 6.25 × 10-9~7.82 × 10-8 cm-2 s-1 during discharging and 7.69 × 10-10~1.81 × 10-7 cm-2 s-1 during charging processes, which is one or two orders of magnitude higher than other reported studies. This work sheds a light on developing PANI-composited cathodes in rechargeable aqueous ZIBs energy storage devices.

19.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 59: 102722, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35640312

RESUMO

Accurate estimation of the wound age is critical in investigating intentional injury cases. Establishing objective and reliable biological indicators to estimate wound age is still a significant challenge in forensic medicine. Therefore, exploring an objective, flexible, and reliable index system selection method for wound age estimation based on next-generation sequencing gene expression profiles is necessary. We randomly divided 63 Sprague-Dawley rats into a control group, seven experimental groups (n = 7 per group), and an external validation group. After rats in the experimental and external validation groups suffered contusions, we sacrificed them at 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, and 48 h after contusion, respectively. We selected 54 genes with the most significant changes between adjacent time points after contusion and defined set A. The Hub genes with time-related expression patterns were set B, C, and D through next-generation sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Four different machine learning classification algorithms, including logistic regression, support vector machine, multi-layer perceptron, and random forest were used to compare and verify the efficiency of four index systems to estimate the wound age. The best combination for wound age estimation is the Genes ascribed to set A combined with the random forest classification algorithm. The accuracy of external verification was 85.71%. Only one rat was incorrectly classified (4 h post-injury incorrectly classified as 8 h). This study demonstrated the potential advantage of the index system selection based on next-generation sequencing and bioinformatics analysis for wound age estimation.


Assuntos
Contusões , Músculo Esquelético , Animais , Contusões/metabolismo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Aprendizado de Máquina , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Asian J Urol ; 9(2): 177-185, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509486

RESUMO

Objective: There was increasingly demand of participation in surgical decision-making among Chinese patients with prostate cancer. However, due to the complex healthcare system and advanced care settings, it is quite challenging for the patients to gain sufficient support from the institute and the government. This research aimed to investigate the factors that impact the degree of participation in surgical decision-making among Chinese prostate cancer patients. Methods: A phenomenological approach of qualitative research based on the results of semi-structured interviews was adopted, to explore the influencing factors which hinder the participation in surgical decision-making. Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research were utilized. Up to 160 post-operative patients who had undergone radical prostatectomy along with 68 medical and nursing staffs, were purposively recruited in this research. This retrospective study was carried out from September 2018 to August 2019. After recording and transcribing the interviews, the interview materials were evaluated via the Colaizzi's seven step approach and the NVivo Version 10 software to analyze the interview content. Results: According to the analysis and summary of the interviews, there were three factors affecting the degree of participation in surgical decision-making. Firstly, insufficient information was provided by medical and nursing staffs because of their lack of time, proper communication skills, and career experience, as well as difficulties in the development of patient decision aid and inconsistent resource availability. Secondly, the cognitive level of decision-making among patients was relatively low due to poor psychological endurance, insufficient amount of education, senility, and less knowledge and information demand. Ultimately, decisions were constantly made by family members with/without patients. Conclusions: The degree of participation of Chinese prostate cancer patients in the surgical decision-making had much space for improvement.

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