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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1300183, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606181

RESUMO

Background: In the double-blind phase III ADAURA randomized clinical trial, adjuvant osimertinib showed a substantial overall survival benefit in patients with stage IB to IIIA, EGFR-mutated, completely resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis comparing the use of adjuvant osimertinib to placebo in patients with stage IB to IIIA, EGFR-mutated, resected NSCLC. Methods: Based on the results obtained from the ADAURA trial, a Markov model with three-state was employed to simulate patients who were administered either osimertinib or placebo until disease recurrence or completion of the study period (3 years). Quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), lifetime costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) were calculated with a willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold of $150,000 per QALY. Both univariate and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were carried out to explore the robustness of the model. Results: Osimertinib produced additional 1.59 QALYs with additional costs of $492,710 compared to placebo, giving rise to ICERs of $309,962.66/QALY. The results of the univariate sensitivity analysis indicated that the utility of disease-free survival (DFS), cost of osimertinib, and discount rate had the greatest impact on the outcomes. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that osimertinib exhibited a 0% chance of being considered cost-effective for patients using a WTP threshold $150,000/QALY. Conclusion: In our model, osimertinib was unlikely to be cost-effective compared to placebo for stage IB to IIIA, EGFR-mutated, completely resected NSCLC patients from the perspective of a U.S. payer at a WTP threshold of $150,000 per QALY.

2.
Oncologist ; 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy and safety of tucidinostat plus exemestane as a neoadjuvant strategy in early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, single-arm phase II trial enrolled patients with stage II-III breast cancer with hormone receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative. Eligible patients received tucidinostat plus exemestane, and then breast-conserving surgery (BCS) or modified radical mastectomy. RESULTS: Among 20 enrolled patients, 3 of them achieved preoperative endocrine prognostic index (PEPI) score of 0. Additionally, complete cell cycle arrest was observed in 7, radiologic objective response rate in 10, and disease control rate in 20 patients, pathological complete response in 1 patient, and 5 patients performed BCS. Ki67 suppression from baseline to surgery was observed in 17 of patients, with the Ki67 change ratio of -73.5%. Treatment-emergent adverse event included neutropenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, hypoalbuminemia, aspartate aminotransferase elevation, glutamyl transpeptidase elevation, anemia, and alanine aminotransferase elevation. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the rate of PEPI score 0 was not high, tucidinostat plus exemestane as a neoadjuvant therapy might be well tolerated and showed promising clinical responses in patients with early hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. To clarify the safety and efficacy of this strategy, further investigation is warranted. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2100046678.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527247

RESUMO

Objective: Pyrotinib, a new irreversible dual pan-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor blocking EGFR and HER2, has achieved a promising efficacy for advanced HER2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer. This study intended to further investigate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant pyrotinib and trastuzumab plus chemotherapy for HER2+ breast cancer treatment. Methods: Thirty-eight HER2+ breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant pyrotinib and trastuzumab plus chemotherapy (docetaxel and carboplatin) were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), pathological complete response (pCR), and adverse events data was retrieved. Results: According to the RECIST, the complete response rate was 0.0%, 10.5%, and 15.8% after second-cycle, fourth-cycle, and sixth-cycle therapy, respectively; whereas the objective response rate was 76.3%, 92.1%, and 100.0%, accordingly. The total pCR (tpCR) rate was 52.6%, the pCR rate of the breast was also 52.6%, and the pCR rate of lymph nodes was 86.8%. The tpCR rate was lower in patients with HER2 immunohistochemistry (IHC)++ and amplification by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) than in those with HER2 IHC+++ (14.3% vs. 61.3%, p = 0.024), which was also lower in patients with Ki-67 expression ≥30% than in those with Ki-67 expression <30% (40.0% vs. 76.9%, p = 0.031). The common adverse events included diarrhea (84.2%), anemia (73.7%), nausea and vomiting (63.2%), fatigue (50.0%), hypomagnesemia (44.7%), leukopenia (42.1%), thrombocytopenia (39.5%), elevated transaminase (36.8%), and pruritus (31.6%). Conclusions: Pyrotinib and trastuzumab plus chemotherapy serve as an acceptable neoadjuvant regimen exhibiting good efficacy and tolerance in HER2+ breast cancer patients, while further large-scale validation is warranted.

4.
Technol Health Care ; 2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effective treatment of breast cancer in elderly patients remains a major challenge. OBJECTIVE: To construct a nomogram affecting the overall survival of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and establish a survival risk prediction model. METHODS: A total of 5317 TPBC patients with negative expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) who were diagnosed and received systematic treatment from 2010 to 2015 were collected from the American Cancer Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. They were randomly divided into training set (n= 3721) and validation set (n= 1596). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to identify prognostic features, and a nomogram was established to predict the probability of 1-year, 3-year and 5-year OS and BCSS. We used consistency index (C-index), calibration curve, area under the curve (AUC) and decision curve analysis (DCA) to evaluate the predictive performance and clinical utility of the nomogram. RESULTS: The C-indices of the nomograms for OS and BCSS in the training cohort were 0.797 and 0.825, respectively, whereas those in the validation cohort were 0.795 and 0.818, respectively. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves had higher sensitivity at all specificity values as compared with the Tumor Node Metastasis (TNM) system. The calibration plot revealed a satisfactory relationship between survival rates and predicted outcomes in both the training and validation cohorts. DCA demonstrated that the nomogram had clinical utility when compared with the TNM staging system. CONCLUSION: This study provides information on population-based clinical characteristics and prognostic factors for patients with triple-negative breast cancer, and constructs a reliable and accurate prognostic nomogram.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 134, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38273267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with dual-targeted therapy is the standard treatment for human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. Although the dual-targeted therapy has significantly improved the pathological complete response (pCR) rate, further investigation is needed to identify biomarkers that predict the response to neoadjuvant therapy. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 353 patients with HER2-positive breast invasive ductal carcinoma. The correlation between clinicopathological factors and pCR rate was evaluated. A nomogram was constructed based on the results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis to predict the probability of pCR. RESULTS: The breast pCR (b-pCR) rate was 56.1% (198/353) and the total pCR (t-pCR) rate was 52.7% (186/353). Multivariate analysis identified ER status, PR status, HER2 status, Ki-67 index, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens as independent indicators for both b-pCR and t-pCR. The nomogram had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.73 (95% CI: 0.68-0.78). According to the nomogram, the t- pCR rate was highest in the ER-PR- HER2-positive patients (131/208) and lowest in the ER + PR + HER2-positive patients (19/73). The subgroup analyses showed that there was no significant difference in pCR rate among the neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens in ER positive, PR positive, HER2 IHC 2 + , Ki67 index < 30% population. However, for ER-PR-HER2-positive patients, the neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen has a great influence on the pCR rates. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ER-negative, PR-negative, HER2 3 + and high KI-67 index were more likely to achieve pCR. THP may be used as an alternative to AC-THP or TCbHP in selected HER2-positive patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Resultado do Tratamento , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38175412

RESUMO

PICALM (phosphatidylinositol-binding clathrin assembly protein) mutations have been linked to a number of human disorders, including leukemia, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. Nevertheless, the effect of PICALM on cancer, particularly on prognosis and immune infiltration in individuals with BRCA, is unknown. We obtained the data of breast cancer patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and analyzed the expression of PICALM in breast cancer, its impact on survival' and its role in tumor immune invasion. Finally, in vitro cellular experiments were performed to validate the results. Research has found that PICALM expression was shown to be downregulated in BRCA and to be substantially linked with clinical stage, histological type, PAM50, and age. PICALM downregulation was linked to a lower overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) in BRCA patients. A multivariate Cox analysis revealed that PICALM is an independent predictor of OS. The enriched pathways revealed by functional enrichment analysis included oxidative phosphorylation, angiogenesis, the TGF signaling pathway, and the IL-6/JAK/STAT3 signaling system. Furthermore, the amount of immune cell infiltration by B cells, eosinophils, mast cells, neutrophils, and T cells was positively linked with PICALM expression. Finally, we experimentally verified that low expression of PICALM can reduce proliferation, migration, and invasion in tumor cells. This evidence shows that PICALM expression impacts prognosis, immune infiltration, and pathway expression in breast cancer patients, and it might be a potential predictive biomarker for the disease.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 14(11): 751, 2023 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37978168

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer globally, endangering women's physical and mental health. Phospholipase D3 (PLD3) belongs to the phosphodiesterase family (PLD). PLD3 is related to insulin-mediated phosphorylation of the AKT pathway, suggesting that it may play a role in the occurrence and development of malignant tumors. This study may further explore the molecular mechanism of PLD3 inhibiting breast cancer cell proliferation. In this study, we demonstrated that PLD3 and miR-6796 are co-expressed in breast cancer. PLD3 can bind with CDK1 and inhibit its expression, leading to mitotic arrest and inhibiting breast cancer proliferation. Wild-type p53 regulates PLD3 and miR-6796 expression by competitively binding to the PLD3 promoter with ZEB1. DNMT3B, as the target gene of miR-6796, is recruited into the PLD3 promoter by combining with ZEB1 to regulate the DNA methylation of the PLD3 promoter and ultimately affect PLD3 and miR-6796 expression. In conclusion, we revealed the role and molecular mechanism of PLD3 and its embedded miR-6796 in breast cancer proliferation, providing clues and a theoretical foundation for future research and development of therapeutic targets and prognostic markers for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Retroalimentação , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/genética , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/metabolismo
8.
Front Oncol ; 13: 1170464, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37901325

RESUMO

Background: The sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) takes on a critical significance in breast cancer surgery since it is the gold standard for assessing axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis and determining whether to perform axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). A bibliometric analysis is beneficial to visualize characteristics and hotspots in the field of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs), and it is conducive to summarizing the important themes in the field to provide more insights into SLNs and facilitate the management of SLNs. Materials and methods: Search terms relating to SLNs were aggregated and searched in the Web of Science core collection database to identify the top 100 most cited articles. Bibliometric tools were employed to identify and analyze publications for annual article volume, authors, countries, institutions, keywords, as well as hotspot topics. Results: The period was from 1998 to 2018. The total number of citations ranged from 160 to 1925. LANCET ONCOLOGY and JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION were the top two journals in which the above articles were published. Giuliano, AE was the author with the highest number of articles in this field with 15. EUROPEAN INST ONCOL is the institution with the highest number of publications, with 35 articles. Hotspots include the following 4 topics, false-negative SLNs after neoadjuvant chemotherapy; prediction of metastatic SLNs; quality of life and postoperative complications; and lymphography of SLNs. Conclusion: This study applies bibliometric tools to analyze the most influential literature, the top 100 cited articles in the field of SLNB, to provide researchers and physicians with research priorities and hotspots.

9.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 86: 231-238, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37782996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oncologic safety of preserving the pectoralis major fascia (PMF) in patients with breast cancer remains controversial. In this study, we aimed to determine the impact of preserving the PMF on long-term oncologic outcomes in patients with breast cancer treated with immediate implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR) following conservative mastectomy. METHODS: We selected women with early-stage breast cancer who underwent conservative mastectomy and submuscular IBBR in our center during 2014-2019. The propensity score matching method was used to create well-balanced fascia-preserved and fascia-removed groups. Locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS), disease-free survival (DFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using log-rank tests between the fascia-preserved and fascia-removed groups. RESULTS: After matching, there were 219 patients in each group. The mean follow-up time was 64.8 ± 18.1 months for the fascia-preserved group and 64.9 ± 18.4 months for the fascia-removed group. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of LRFS (91.3% vs. 93.8%; p = 0.818), DMFS (94.0% vs. 92.3%; p = 0.056), DFS (89.9% vs. 88.4%; p = 0.261), and OS (95.8% vs. 95.4%; p = 0.783) rates. In the fascia-preserved group, 61.5% of the locoregional recurrence events occurred within 2 years after surgery. CONCLUSION: Preservation of the PMF did not significantly impact the long-term oncologic outcomes in patients with breast cancer who underwent conservative mastectomy and IBBR. The PMF might be safely preserved in patients without suspicious tumor invasion into this fascia.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Mastectomia/métodos , Músculos Peitorais/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Fáscia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Mol Med ; 29(1): 89, 2023 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37403081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies occurred in female around the globe. Recent studies have revealed the crucial characters of miRNA and genes, as well as the essential roles of epigenetic regulation in breast cancer initiation and progression. In our previous study, miR-142-3p was identified as a tumor suppressor and led to G2/M arrest through targeting CDC25C. However, the specific mechanism is still uncertain. METHODS: We identified PAX5 as the upstream regulator of miR-142-5p/3p through ALGGEN website and verified by series of assays in vitro and in vivo. The expression of PAX5 in breast cancer was detected by qRT-PCR and western blot. Besides, bioinformatics analysis and BSP sequencing were performed to analyze the methylation of PAX5 promoter region. Finally, the binding sites of miR-142 on DNMT1 and ZEB1 were predicted by JASPAR, and proved by luciferase reporter assay, ChIP analysis and co-IP. RESULTS: PAX5 functioned as a tumor suppressor by positive regulation of miR-142-5p/3p both in vitro and in vivo. The expression of PAX5 was regulated by the methylation of its promoter region induced by DNMT1 and ZEB1. In addition, miR-142-5p/3p could regulate the expression of DNMT1 and ZEB1 through binding with their 3'UTR region, respectively. CONCLUSION: In summary, PAX5-miR-142-DNMT1/ZEB1 constructed a negative feedback loop to regulate the progression of breast cancer, which provided emerging strategies for breast cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Feminino , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Retroalimentação , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Apoptose/genética , Epigênese Genética , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Movimento Celular/genética , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/genética , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição PAX5/genética , Fator de Transcrição PAX5/metabolismo
11.
World J Surg Oncol ; 21(1): 127, 2023 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37032326

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Primary breast lymphoma (PBL) is a rare disease, treatment of which excerpts does not reach a consensus. This retrospective study was conducted to analyze clinical features and survival outcomes of different therapeutic methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of 67 patients with stage IE/IIE primary breast lymphoma were reviewed from the medical record system. Survival information was gathered by searching the outpatient system. Clinicopathological characteristics were compared by chi-squared or Fisher's exact tests. A comparison of survival curves was performed by log-rank tests. The Cox proportional hazard model was applied for multivariate analysis. RESULTS: At the median follow-up time of 65.23 months (range, 9-150 months), there were 27 (40.3%) relapses, 28 (41.8%) distant metastases, and 21 (31.3%) deaths. The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 52.1% and 72.4%. Pathological types (DLBCL vs. non-DLBCL, p = 0.001) and rituximab use (p < 0.001) were statistically associated with longer PFS in patients with PBL. Nodal sites involved and radiotherapy administration were significant predictors for 5-year OS. Multivariate analysis suggested that nodal sites involved (p = 0.005) and radiotherapy administration (p < 0.003) were independent prognostic factors for OS in patients with PBL (p < 0.05). Radical surgery was not an independent factor for patients with PBL. CONCLUSIONS: Radiotherapy improved the survival of patients with PBL. Radical mastectomy offered no additional benefit in the treatment of PBL.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Humanos , Feminino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Mastectomia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia
12.
Front Oncol ; 13: 1117538, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37035201

RESUMO

Background: Early identification of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is instrumental in predicting patients prognosis. However, since a fixed criterion with high accuracy cannot be generalized to molecular subtypes, our study first aimed to redefine grades of clinical response to NAC in invasive breast cancer patients (IBC). And then developed a prognostic model based on clinical features and ultrasound semantics. Methods: A total of 480 IBC patients were enrolled who underwent anthracycline and taxane-based NAC between 2018 and 2020. The decrease rate of the largest diameter was calculated by ultrasound after NAC and their cut-off points were determined among subtypes. Thereafter, a nomogram was constructed based on clinicopathological and ultrasound-related data, and validated using the calibration curve, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, decision curve analysis (DCA), and clinical impact curve (CIC). Results: The optimal cut-off points for predicting pCR were 53.23%, 51.56%, 41.89%, and 53.52% in luminal B-like (HER2 negative), luminal B-like (HER2 positive), HER2 positive, and triple-negative, respectively. In addition, time interval, tumor size, molecular subtypes, largest diameter decrease rate, and change of blood perfusion were significantly associated with pCR (all p < 0.05). The prediction model based on the above variables has great predictive power and clinical value. Conclusion: Taken together, our data demonstrated that calculated cut-off points of tumor reduction rates could be reliable in predicting pathological response to NAC and developed nomogram predicting prognosis would help tailor systematic regimens with high precision.

13.
Small Methods ; 7(5): e2201614, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36960933

RESUMO

In the past decades, immunotherapy has achieved a series of clinical successes in the field of cancer. However, existing therapeutic options usually show a low immune response to solid tumors caused by immunosuppressive "cold" tumor microenvironment (TME). Several types of proinflammatory regulated cell death (RCD), mainly including ferroptosis and pyroptosis, have been studied recently, which can provide proinflammatory signals and immunogenicity necessary for remodeling TME and activating an antitumor immune response. A variety of chemotherapeutic drugs are proven to be effective in the proinflammatory RCD induction of tumor cells, but several adverse effects and intrinsic drug resistance usually occur in the therapeutic process, greatly hindering their further clinical application. The emerging organic photosensitizer (PS)-based materials open new possibilities to effectively activate proinflammatory RCD through precise spatiotemporal regulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species-associated signaling pathways, which can overcome many challenges encountered in current proinflammatory RCD-mediated immunotherapy. In this review, the recent design strategies of PS probes are detailly summarized and their potential advantages for tumor-specific proinflammatory RCD induction are discussed. Moreover, the representative examples in cancer immunotherapy are highlighted and future perspectives in this emerging field are proposed.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Morte Celular Regulada , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia , Morte Celular
14.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 10(12): e2204819, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36815359

RESUMO

Tamoxifen is commonly used for the treatment of patients with estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer, but the acquired resistance to tamoxifen presents a critical challenge of breast cancer therapeutics. Recently, long noncoding RNA MIR497HG and its embedded miR-497 and miR-195 are proved to play significant roles in many types of human cancers, but their roles in tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer remain unknown. The results indicate that MIR497HG deficiency induces breast cancer progression and tamoxifen resistance by inducing downregulation of miR-497/195. miR-497/195 coordinately represses five positive PI3K-AKT regulators (MAP2K1, AKT3, BCL2, RAF1, and CCND1), resulting in inhibition of PI3K-AKT signaling, and PI3K-AKT inhibition in tamoxifen-resistant cells restored tamoxifen responsiveness. Furthermore, ER α binds the MIR497HG promoter to activate its transcription in an estrogen-dependent manner. ZEB1 interacts with HDAC1/2 and DNMT3B at the MIR497HG promoter, resulting in promoter hypermethylation and histone deacetylation. The findings reveal that ZEB1-induced MIR497HG depletion contributes to breast cancer progression and tamoxifen resistance through PI3K-AKT signaling. MIR497HG can be used as a biomarker for predicting tamoxifen sensitivity in patients with ER+ breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Feminino , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , MicroRNAs/genética
15.
Breast Cancer Res ; 25(1): 22, 2023 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36829181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the major cause of death in females globally. Chemokine-like factor like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 7 (CMTM7) is reported as a tumor suppressor and is involved in epidermal growth factor receptor degradation and PI3K/AKT signaling in previous studies. However, other molecular mechanisms of CMTM7 remain unclear. METHODS: The expression level of CMTM7 in breast cancer cells and tissues was detected by qRT-PCR and western blot, and the methylation of CMTM7 promoter was detected by BSP sequencing. The effect of CMTM7 was verified both in vitro and in vivo, including MTT, colony formation, EdU assay, transwell assay and wound healing assay. The interaction between CMTM7 and CTNNA1 was investigated by co-IP assay. The regulation of miR-182-5p on CMTM7 and TCF3 on miR-182-5p was detected by luciferase reporter assay and ChIP analysis. RESULTS: This study detected the hypermethylation levels of the CMTM7 promoter region in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. CMTM7 was performed as a tumor suppressor both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, CMTM7 was a direct miR-182-5p target. Besides, we found that CMTM7 could interact with Catenin Alpha 1 (CTNNA1) and regulate Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Finally, transcription factor 3 (TCF3) can regulate miR-182-5p. We identified a feedback loop with the composition of miR-182-5p, CMTM7, CTNNA1, CTNNB1 (ß-catenin), and TCF3, which play essential roles in breast cancer progression. CONCLUSION: These findings reveal the emerging character of CMTM7 in Wnt/ß-catenin signaling and bring new sights of gene interaction. CMTM7 and other elements in the feedback loop may serve as emerging targets for breast cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Feminino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio MARVEL/genética , Proteínas com Domínio MARVEL/metabolismo
16.
Cancer Med ; 12(3): 2493-2504, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. High recurrence risk Luminal BC receives adjuvant chemotherapy in addition to standard hormone therapy. Considering the heterogeneity of Luminal B BC, a more accurate classification model is urgently needed. METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the data of 1603 patients who were diagnosed with HER2-negative breast invasive ductal carcinoma. According to the expression level of PR and Ki-67 index, the Luminal B (HER2-negative) BCs were divided into three groups: ER+PR-Ki67low (ER-positive, PR-negative, and Ki-67 index <20%), ER+PR+Ki67high (ER-positive, PR-positive, and Ki-67 index ≥20%), and ER+PR-Ki67high (ER-positive, PR-negative, and Ki-67 index ≥20%). The cox proportional hazards regression model was used to evaluate the correlation between each variable and outcomes. Besides, discriminatory accuracy of the models was compared using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and log-rank χ2 value. RESULTS: The analysis results showed that there was a significant correlation between subtypes using this newly defined classification and overall survival (p < 0.001) and disease-free survival (DFS) (p < 0.001). Interestingly, patients in the ER+PR-Ki67high subgroup have the worst survival outcome in Luminal B (HER2-negative) subtype, similar to Triple-negative patients. Besides, the ER+PR+Ki67high has worse 5-year DFS compared with Luminal A group. There was a significant relationship between the regrouping subtype and the recurrence score index (RI) (p < 0.001). Moreover, the results showed that patients in ER+PR-Ki67high subtype were more likely to have high RI for distance recurrence (RI-DR) and local recurrence (RI-LRR). Our newly defined classification has a better discrimination ability to predict survival outcome and recurrence score of Luminal B (HER2-negative) BC patients, which may help in clinical decision-making for individual treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Receptor ErbB-2 , Humanos , Feminino , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Prognóstico
17.
Cancer Med ; 12(3): 3758-3772, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35880695

RESUMO

Following the implementation of breast screening programs, the occurrence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) as an early type of neoplasia has increased. Although the prognosis is promising, 20%-50% of DCIS patients will progress to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) if not treated. It is essential to look for promising biomarkers for predicting DCIS prognosis. The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was used to explore the expression of genes that differed between DCIS and normal tissue in this investigation. Enrichment analysis was performed to characterize the biological role and intrinsic process pathway. The Cancer Genome Atlas Breast Cancer Dataset was used to categorize the hub genes, and the results were confirmed using the Cytoscape plugin CytoHubba and MCODE. The prognostic ability of the core gene signature was determined through time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC), Kaplan-Meier survival curve, Oncomine databases, and UALCAN databases. In addition, the prognostic value of core genes was verified in proliferation assays. We identified 217 common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the present study, with 101 upregulated and 138 downregulated genes. The top genes were obtained from the PPI network (protein-protein interaction). A unique six-gene signature (containing GAPDH, CDH2, BIRC5, NEK2, IDH2, and MELK) was developed for DCIS prognostic prediction. Centered on the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort, the ROC curve showed strong results in prognosis prediction. The six core gene signatures is often overexpressed in DCIS, with a weak prognosis. Furthermore, when breast cancer cells are transfected with small interfering RNAs, downregulation of core gene expression substantially inhibits cell proliferation, revealing a high potential for employing core genes in DCIS prognosis. In conclusion, the current investigation verified the six core genes signatures for prospective DCIS biomarkers, which may aid clinical decision-making for individual care.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante , Humanos , Feminino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Quinases Relacionadas a NIMA
18.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 307(6): 1941-1948, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36477273

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Surgical meshes are often used in retro-pectoral implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR) to improve lower pole expansion. However, using of surgical meshes is associated with increased complications and costs. To solve this problem, we have adopted a modified fascia-based IBBR technique using fasciae of pectoral major, serratus anterior, and external oblique muscles to form a sling covering the lower pole of prosthesis since 2014. METHODS: Data of 788 retro-pectoral IBBR cases, including 250 fascia-based IBBR cases (fascial group) and 538 traditional IBBR cases (control group), treated between 2014 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The surgical outcomes of the fascial and control group were compared. The primary endpoint was the rate of post-operative complications requiring interventions. The secondary endpoint was the rate of explantation. The exploratory endpoint was the time from surgery to complication and explantation. RESULTS: The fascial group had significantly lower rates of developing major post-operative complications (1.2 vs. 6.1%, p = 0.002) and losing prostheses (1.2 vs. 4.3%, p = 0.025), as compared with the control group. The median time from surgery to complication and explantation were 61 (range, 35-115) days and 92 (range, 77-134) days for the fascial group and 35 (range, 6-239) days and 63 (range, 23-483) days for the control group, respectively. CONCLUSION: Fascia-based IBBR technique had low rates of major post-operative complications and explantation. Fascia-based IBBR technique could be considered as an alternative reconstruction method in properly selected patients.


Assuntos
Implante Mamário , Implantes de Mama , Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Humanos , Feminino , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Mastectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Mamoplastia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Implante Mamário/efeitos adversos , Implante Mamário/métodos
19.
Environ Pollut ; 316(Pt 1): 120701, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36423888

RESUMO

Studies exploring the association of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) with breast cancer and related mechanisms are limited. To investigate the relationship between TBBPA levels in breast adipose and breast cancer, we carried out case-control research. As well as further examine the mediating role of adipose metabolites between TBBPA and breast cancer using the metabolomics approach. In this study, the concentration of TBBPA was determined utilizing ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) after a solid phase extraction (SPE) pretreatment. High-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was employed to analyze adipose metabolomics. Evaluation of metabolites linked to TBBPA exposure and breast cancer was performed utilizing mediation analysis. With an estimated OR (95%CI) of 1.153 (1.023, 1.299), TBBPA was firmly linked with breast cancer. We also used propensity score matching analysis and sensitivity analysis to reduce the effect of confounding factors on the results. Metabolomics of adipose suggested significant perturbation in the linoleic acid metabolism pathway. In addition, for PC (16:0/16:0) as phospholipids, a mediation effect on the associations of TBBPA exposure with breast cancer risks was observed (estimated mediation percentage: 56.58%). Understanding the relationship between TBBPA exposure and the risk of breast cancer may be facilitated by the findings, which point to potential mediation metabolites.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Retardadores de Chama , Bifenil Polibromatos , Humanos , Feminino , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Retardadores de Chama/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bifenil Polibromatos/análise , China
20.
J Oncol ; 2022: 9766954, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276269

RESUMO

Background: The association between oxidative stress and lncRNAs within the cancer-related researching field has been a controversial subject. At present, the exact function of oxidative stress as well as lncRNAs exert in breast cancer (BC) are still unclear. Therefore, the present study examined the lncRNAs oxidative stress-related in BC. Methods: Transcriptome data of BC obtained from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database were used to generate synthetic matrices. Patients with breast cancer were randomly assigned to training, testing, or combined groups. The prognostic signature of oxidative stress was created using the selection operator Cox regression method, and the difference in prognosis between groups was examined using Kaplan-Meier curves, the accuracy of which was calculated using a receiver-operating characteristic-area through the curve (ROC-AUC) analysis with internal validation. Also, the Gene Set Enrichment Analyses (GSEA) was applied for the analysis of the risk groups. To conclude, the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of these groups were investigated by immunoassay assay. Results: A model based on 7 lncRNAs related to oxidative stress was proposed, and the calibration plots and projected prognosis matched well. For prognosis at 5, 3, and 1 year, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) values were 0.777, 0.777, and 0.759. The functions of target genes identified by GSEA appear to be mainly expressed in metabolism, signal transduction, tumorigenesis, and also the progression. The remarkable differences in IC50 and gene expression between risk groups in this study provide a deep insight for further systemic treatment. Higher macrophage scores were acquired in the high-risk group, of which patients showed more response to conventional chemotherapy drugs, such as AKT inhibitor VIII and Lapatinib, as well as immunotherapy strategies including anti-CD80, TNF SF4, CD276, and NRP1. Conclusion: The prognosis of breast cancer can be independently predicted by the markers, which sheds light on further research of the specific role of lncRNAs which are oxidative stress-related and clinical treatment of breast cancer.

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