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1.
Chem Sci ; 15(19): 7136-7143, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756813

RESUMO

Bismuth, in spite of its low cost and low toxicity, has found limited application in organic synthesis. Although the photoactivity of Bi(iii) salts has been well studied, this has not been effectively exploited in photocatalysis. To date, only a single report exists for the Bi-based photocatalysis, wherein carbon centered radicals were generated using ligand to metal charge transfer (LMCT) on bismuth. In this regard, expanding the horizon of bismuth LMCT catalysis for the generation of heteroatom centered radicals, we hereby report an efficient radical phosphonylation using BiCl3 as the LMCT catalyst. Phosphonyl radicals generated via visible-light induced LMCT of BiCl3 were subjected to a variety of transformations like alkylation, amination, alkynylation and cascade cyclizations. The catalytic system tolerated a wide range of substrate classes, delivering excellent yields of the scaffolds. The reactions were scalable and required low catalytic loading of bismuth. Detailed mechanistic studies were carried out to probe the reaction mechanism. Diverse radical phosphonylations leading to the formation of sp3-C-P, sp2-C-P, sp-C-P, and P-N bonds in the current work present the candidacy of bismuth as a versatile photocatalyst for small molecule activation.

2.
Chem Sci ; 15(17): 6544-6551, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699273

RESUMO

The development of an efficient strategy for facile access to quinoline-based bis-heterocycles holds paramount importance in medicinal chemistry. Herein, we describe a unified approach for accessing 8-(indol-3-yl)methyl-quinolines by integrating Cp*Rh(iii)-catalyzed C(sp3)-H bond activation of 8-methylquinolines followed by nucleophilic cyclization with o-ethynylaniline derivatives. Remarkably, methoxybiaryl ynones under similar catalytic conditions delivered quinoline tethered spiro[5.5]enone scaffolds via a dearomative 6-endo-dig C-cyclization. Moreover, leveraging this method for C8(sp2)-H bond activation of quinoline-N-oxide furnished biologically relevant oxindolyl-quinolines. This reaction proceeds via C(sp2)-H bond activation, regioselective alkyne insertion, oxygen-atom-transfer (OAT) and intramolecular nucleophilic cyclization in a cascade manner. One C-C, one C-N and one C[double bond, length as m-dash]O bond were created with concomitant formation of a quaternary center.

3.
Org Lett ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767934

RESUMO

Regioselective annulation of allenes via C-H activation represents an elegant synthetic approach toward the construction of valuable scaffolds. Considering the importance of allenes, herein we developed an unprecedented Ru(II)-catalyzed highly regioselective redox-neutral C-H activation/(4 + 1)-annulation of 1-arylpyrazolidinones employing allenyl acetates to access pyrazolo[1,2-a]indazol-1-one derivatives. Additionally, allenyl cyclic carbonates, which were never tested in C-H activation, were utilized to construct a similar class of heterocycles having a pendent alcohol functionality. Notably, double C-H functionalization was achieved by a simple modification of reaction conditions. The synthetic significance of this methodology is underscored by late-stage modification of natural products, broad substrate scope, gram-scale synthesis, and postfunctionalizations.

4.
Curr Microbiol ; 81(6): 140, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622481

RESUMO

Environmental problems are caused by the disposal of agrowastes in developing countries. It is imperative to convert such wastes into useful products, which require enzymes such as ß-glucosidase. ß-Glucosidase has variety of applications in biotechnology including food, textile, detergents, pulp and paper, pharmaceutical and biofuel industries. ß-Glucosidase production was performed using the locally isolated Aspergillus protuberus using best growth circumstances on rice husk in solid-state fermentation (SSF). Leaching of ß-glucosidase from fermented rice husk with number of solvents to evaluate their extraction efficacy. Among the different solvents examined, acetate buffer (0.02 M, pH 5.0) proved to be the best solvent. The subsequent parameters were optimized with acetate buffer. Two washes with acetate buffer each by shaking (30 min) in a ratio of 1 g of rice husk: 5 ml of acetate buffer together attained maximum recovery of ß-glucosidase with 41.95 U/g of rice husk.


Assuntos
Aspergillus , Oryza , beta-Glucosidase , Fermentação , Solventes , Acetatos
5.
Org Biomol Chem ; 22(19): 3887-3892, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38683654

RESUMO

We hereby report a highly diastereoselective synthesis of chalcogenated azaspirotricycles via a one-pot Ugi/spirocyclization/aza-Michael addition sequence. The reaction proceeds via a key visible light mediated spirocyclization step under mild, metal-free and energy efficient conditions. A variety of complex sulfenylated and selenylated azaspirotricycles were obtained in good yields. The reaction was found to be scalable and preliminary mechanistic studies indicated that the spirocyclization step proceeds via radical intermediates.

6.
Tuberculosis (Edinb) ; 146: 102482, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364332

RESUMO

Mycobacteroides abscessus (Mab, also known as Mycobacterium abscessus) causes opportunistic pulmonary and soft tissue infections that are difficult to cure with existing treatments. Omadacycline, a new tetracycline antibiotic, exhibits potent in vitro and in vivo activity against Mab. As regimens containing multiple antibiotics are required to produce a durable cure for Mab disease, we assessed efficacies of three three-drug combinations in a pre-clinical mouse model of pulmonary Mab disease to identify companion drugs with which omadacycline exhibits the highest efficacy. Additionally, we assessed the susceptibility of Mab recovered from mouse lungs after four weeks of exposure to the three triple-drug regimens. Among the three-drug regimens, omadacycline + imipenem + amikacin produced the largest reduction in Mab burden, whereas omadacycline + imipenem + linezolid exhibited the most effective early bactericidal activity. Omadacycline + linezolid + clofazimine, a regimen that can be administered orally, lacked early bactericidal activity but produced a gradual reduction in the lung Mab burden over time. The robust efficacy exhibited by these three regimens in the mouse model supports their further evaluation in patients with Mab lung disease. As we were unable to isolate drug-resistant Mab mutants at the completion of four weeks of treatment, these triple-drug combinations show promise of producing durable cure and minimizing selection of resistant mutants.


Assuntos
Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas , Mycobacterium abscessus , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Linezolida/farmacologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Tetraciclinas/farmacologia , Tetraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Imipenem/farmacologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
7.
Ann Epidemiol ; 91: 8-11, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237879

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The American College of Epidemiology (ACE) held its 2022 Annual Meeting, September 8-11, with a conference theme of 'Pandemic of Misinformation: Building Trust in Epidemiology'. The ACE Ethics Committee hosted a symposium session in recognition of the global spotlight placed on epidemiology and public health due to the COVID-19 crisis. The ACE Ethics Committee invited previous Chairs of the Ethics Committee and current President of the International Epidemiological Association to present at the symposium session. This paper aims to highlight the ethical challenges presented during the symposium session. METHODS: Three speakers with diverse backgrounds representing expertize from the fields of ethics, epidemiology, public health, clinical trials, pharmacoepidemiology, statistics, law, and public policy, covering perspectives from the U.S., Europe, and Southeast Asia were selected to present on the ethical challenges in epidemiology and public health applying a global theme. Dr. D. Weed presented on 'Causation, Epidemiology and Ethics'; Dr. C.M. Pandey presented on the 'Ethical Challenges in the Practice of Digital Epidemiology'; and Dr. J. Acquavella presented on 'Departures from Scientific Objectivity: A Cause of Eroding Trust in Epidemiology.' RESULTS: The collective goal to improve the public's health was a mutually shared theme across the three distinct areas. We highlight the common ethical guidance and principle-based approaches that have served epidemiology and public health in framing and critical analysis of novel challenges, including autonomy, beneficence, justice, scientific integrity, duties to the profession and community, and developing and maintaining public trust; however, gaps remain in how best to address health inequalities and the novel emergence and pervasiveness of misinformation and disinformation that have impacted the health of the global community. We introduce an ethical framework of translational bioethics that places considerations of the social determinants of health at the forefront. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic required an expedited public health response and, at the same time, placed the profession of epidemiology and public health, its system, and structures, under the microscope like never before. This article illustrates that revisiting our foundations in research and practice and orienting contemporary challenges using an ethical lens can assist in identifying and furthering the health of populations globally.


Assuntos
Bioética , COVID-19 , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Pandemias , Saúde Pública , Comissão de Ética , COVID-19/epidemiologia
8.
Anaesth Intensive Care ; 52(2): 82-90, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38041616

RESUMO

Two recent cases of central retinal artery occlusion under otherwise uncomplicated sub-Tenon's block that resulted in significant visual loss after cataract surgery prompted us to undertake a literature review of such cases. We identified 97 cases of retinal artery occlusion after ophthalmic surgery under regional anaesthesia that had no immediate signs of block-related complications. These occurred after various intraocular (87%) and extraocular (13%) operations, across a wide range of ages (19-89 years) on patients with (59%) or without (39%) known risk factors. The anaesthetic techniques included 40 retrobulbar blocks, 36 peribulbar blocks, 19 sub-Tenon's blocks, one topical anaesthetic and one unspecified local anaesthetic. Different strengths of lidocaine, bupivacaine, mepivacaine and ropivacaine, either alone or in various combinations, were used. The details of the anaesthetic techniques were often incomplete in the reports, which made comparison and analysis difficult. Only nine cases had their cause (optic nerve sheath injury) identified, while the mechanism of injury was unclear in the remaining patients. Various mechanisms were postulated; however, the cause was likely to be multifactorial due to patient, surgical and anaesthetic risk factors, especially in those with compromised retinal circulation. As there were no definite risk factors identified, no specific recommendations could be made to avoid this devastating outcome. We have provided rationales for some general considerations, which may reduce this risk, and propose anaesthetic options for ophthalmic surgery on the fellow eye if required, based both on our literature review and our personal experience.


Assuntos
Anestesia por Condução , Extração de Catarata , Oclusão da Artéria Retiniana , Humanos , Anestesia por Condução/efeitos adversos , Anestésicos Locais/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Local/efeitos adversos , Lidocaína , Oclusão da Artéria Retiniana/etiologia , Extração de Catarata/efeitos adversos
9.
Anesth Pain Med ; 13(3): e136093, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38021330

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic neurological degenerative disease affecting the central nervous system, which is responsible for progressive disorders such as slow movements, tremors, rigidity, and cognitive disorders. There are no specific recommendations and guidelines for anesthetic management of patients with PD undergoing ophthalmic procedures. This narrative review aims to summarise the anesthetic considerations in patients with PD presenting for cataract surgery.

10.
AI (Basel) ; 4(4): 875-887, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37929255

RESUMO

With the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, there is an increasing demand for remote monitoring technologies to reduce patient and provider exposure. One field that has an increasing potential is teleguided ultrasound, where telemedicine and point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) merge to create this new scope. Teleguided POCUS can minimize staff exposure while preserving patient safety and oversight during bedside procedures. In this paper, we propose the use of teleguided POCUS supported by AI technologies for the remote monitoring of COVID-19 patients by non-experienced personnel including self-monitoring by the patients themselves. Our hypothesis is that AI technologies can facilitate the remote monitoring of COVID-19 patients through the utilization of POCUS devices, even when operated by individuals without formal medical training. In pursuit of this goal, we performed a pilot analysis to evaluate the performance of users with different clinical backgrounds using a computer-based system for COVID-19 detection using lung ultrasound. The purpose of the analysis was to emphasize the potential of the proposed AI technology for improving diagnostic performance, especially for users with less experience.

11.
Chem Asian J ; 18(20): e202300614, 2023 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37665690

RESUMO

Herein, we developed an efficient approach to access biologically relevant 2-aminoquinolines and 1-aminoisoquinolines from readily available N-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles and 2-quinolones or 1-isoquinolones. This transformation involves the selective O-H insertion of these derivatives onto the in situ generated Rh-azavinyl carbenes (Rh-AVC) followed by rearrangement. The reaction proceeds smoothly under operationally simple conditions and the protocol was found to be scalable.

12.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 85(8): 3797-3800, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37554864

RESUMO

Diphtheria cases are still being reported in various parts of the globe. Although complete heart block resulting from diphtheric myocarditis is infrequent, it can lead to fatality. Awareness and recognition of this help strengthen the importance of vaccines and their proper management. Case presentation: The authors report two young patients who presented in the interval of a month, to the emergency department with signs and symptoms of diphtheria. Both developed diphtheric myocarditis with complete heart block and severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction, which did not respond to temporary pacing. Discussion: Diphtheria remains rare but few cases continue to emerge, especially in developing countries. Those who develop it have high mortality, particularly from cardiomyopathy, airway compromise, and organ failure. Conduction abnormalities are diagnostic of diphtheric myocarditis and have a grim prognosis and treatment options are limited. Conclusion: Diphtheric myocarditis has a poor prognosis and is an independent predictor of mortality. Since aggressive invasive treatment has not been shown to improve survival, early recognition along with antitoxin at the earliest suspicion and proper supportive care are the current best available options.

13.
RNA ; 29(11): 1772-1791, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37607742

RESUMO

RNA-binding proteins play important roles in bacterial gene regulation through interactions with both coding and noncoding RNAs. ProQ is a FinO-domain protein that binds a large set of RNAs in Escherichia coli, though the details of how ProQ binds these RNAs remain unclear. In this study, we used a combination of in vivo and in vitro binding assays to confirm key structural features of E. coli ProQ's FinO domain and explore its mechanism of RNA interactions. Using a bacterial three-hybrid assay, we performed forward genetic screens to confirm the importance of the concave face of ProQ in RNA binding. Using gel shift assays, we directly probed the contributions of ten amino acids on ProQ binding to seven RNA targets. Certain residues (R58, Y70, and R80) were found to be essential for binding of all seven RNAs, while substitutions of other residues (K54 and R62) caused more moderate binding defects. Interestingly, substitutions of two amino acids (K35, R69), which are evolutionarily variable but adjacent to conserved residues, showed varied effects on the binding of different RNAs; these may arise from the differing sequence context around each RNA's terminator hairpin. Together, this work confirms many of the essential RNA-binding residues in ProQ initially identified in vivo and supports a model in which residues on the conserved concave face of the FinO domain such as R58, Y70, and R80 form the main RNA-binding site of E. coli ProQ, while additional contacts contribute to the binding of certain RNAs.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo
14.
Minerva Urol Nephrol ; 75(4): 493-500, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37293816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS) is recommended as an alternative to percutaneous nephrolithotomy for stones up to 2 cm. Pre-stenting before RIRS remains controversial with various studies differing in outcomes and recommendations. We aim to understand how pre-stenting influences surgical outcomes. METHODS: A number of 6579 patients from the TOWER group registry were divided into pre-stented (group 1) and non-pre-stented groups (group 2). Patients aged ≥18 years old, with normal calyceal anatomy were enrolled. Patients with ureteric stones, anomalous kidneys, bilateral stones, planned for ECIRS were excluded. RESULTS: Patients are homogeneously distributed in both groups (3112 vs. 3467). The predominant indication for pre-stenting was symptom relief. Overall stone size was comparable, whilst group 1 had a significantly more multiple (1419 vs. 1283, P<0.001) and lower-pole (LP) stones (1503 vs. 1411, P<0.001). The mean operative time for group 2 was significantly longer (68.17 vs. 58.92, P<0.001). Stone size, LP stones, age, recurrence and multiple stones are contributing factors for residual fragments at the multivariable analysis. The incidence of postoperative day 1 fever and sepsis was significantly higher in group 2, indicating that pre-stenting is associated with a lower risk of post-RIRS infection and a lower overall complications rate (13.62% vs. 15.89%) (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: RIRS without pre-stenting can be considered safe without significant morbidity. Multiple, lower-pole and large stone is a significant contributor towards residual fragments. Patients who were not pre-stented had significantly higher but low-grade complications, especially for lower pole and large volume stones. While we do not advocate routine pre-stenting, a tailored approach for these patients should include proper counselling regarding pre-stenting.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Nefrostomia Percutânea , Cálculos Ureterais , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto , Ureteroscopia/efeitos adversos , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrostomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Cálculos Ureterais/cirurgia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37360841

RESUMO

Background: Evidence suggests that patients critically ill with COVID-19 have a dysregulated host immune response that contributes to end-organ damage. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used in this population with varying degrees of success. This study was performed to evaluate the impact of ECMO on the host immunotranscriptomic response in these patients. Methods: Eleven patients critically ill with COVID-19 requiring ECMO underwent an analysis of cytokines and immunotranscriptomic pathways before ECMO (T1), after ECMO for 24 hours (T2), and 2 hours after ECMO decannulation (T3). A Multiplex Human Cytokine panel was used to identify cytokine changes, and immunotranscriptomic changes in peripheral leukocytes were evaluated by PAXgene and NanoString nCounter. Results: Differential gene expression of 11 host immune genes was noted at T2 compared with T1. The most significant genes were MD2 and MRC1, which code for binding ligands for the activation of toll-like receptors 2 and 4. Reactome analyses of differential gene expression demonstrated an impact on many of the body's most important immune inflammatory pathways. Conclusions: These findings suggest a temporal impact of ECMO on the host immunotranscriptomic response in patients critically ill with COVID-19.

16.
Org Lett ; 25(25): 4694-4699, 2023 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37338460

RESUMO

The development of an expedient strategy for the synthesis of biologically relevant multisubstituted furans is a much-desired yet challenging task. Herein, we report an efficient and versatile strategy involving two different pathways for the construction of diverse polysubstituted C3- and C2-substituted γ-furanyl carboxylic acid derivatives. The synthetic approach for C3-substituted furans involves intramolecular cascade oxy-palladation of alkyne-diols followed by the regioselective coordinative insertion of unactivated alkenes. In contrast, C2-substituted furans were obtained exclusively by performing the protocol in a tandem manner.


Assuntos
Álcoois , Alcenos , Catálise , Furanos , Ciclização
17.
Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol ; 8(3): 720-729, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37342105

RESUMO

Background: Glottic insufficiency, or glottic gap as it is commonly called, is a common cause of dysphonia, producing symptoms of soft voice, decreased projection, and vocal fatigue. The etiology of glottic gap can occur from issues related to muscle atrophy, neurologic impairment, structural abnormalities, and trauma related causes. Treatment of glottic gap can include surgical and behavioral therapies or a combination of the two. When surgery is chosen, closure of the glottic gap is the primary goal. Options for surgical management include injection medialization, thyroplasty, and other methods of medializing the vocal folds. Methods: This manuscript reviews the current literature regarding the options for treatment of glottic gap. Discussion: This manuscript discusses options for treatment of glottic gap, including the indications for temporary and permanent treatment modalities; the differences between the available materials for injection medialization laryngoplasty and how they affect the vibratory function of the vocal folds and vocal outcome; and the evidence that supports an algorithm for treatment of glottic gap. Level of Evidence: 3a-Systematic review of case-control studies.

18.
bioRxiv ; 2023 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37163069

RESUMO

RNA-binding proteins play important roles in bacterial gene regulation through interactions with both coding and non-coding RNAs. ProQ is a FinO-domain protein that binds a large set of RNAs in Escherichia coli , though the details of how ProQ binds these RNAs remain unclear. In this study, we used a combination of in vivo and in vitro binding assays to confirm key structural features of E. coli ProQ's FinO domain and explore its mechanism of RNA interactions. Using a bacterial three-hybrid assay, we performed forward genetic screens to confirm the importance of the concave face of ProQ in RNA binding. Using gel shift assays, we directly probed the contributions of ten amino acids on ProQ binding to seven RNA targets. Certain residues (R58, Y70, and R80) were found to be essential for binding of all seven RNAs, while substitutions of other residues (K54 and R62) caused more moderate binding defects. Interestingly, substitutions of two amino acids (K35, R69), which are evolutionarily variable but adjacent to conserved residues, showed varied effects on the binding of different RNAs; these may arise from the differing sequence context around each RNA's terminator hairpin. Together, this work confirms many of the essential RNA-binding residues in ProQ initially identified in vivo and supports a model in which residues on the conserved concave face of the FinO domain such as R58, Y70 and R80 form the main RNA-binding site of E. coli ProQ, while additional contacts contribute to the binding of certain RNAs.

19.
Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) ; 35(7): 454-462, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37061457

RESUMO

AIMS: This multicentric retrospective study reports long-term clinical outcomes of non-metastatic grade group 5 prostate cancers treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) alone with long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated across 19 institutions were studied. The key endpoints that were evaluated were 5-year biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS), metastases-free survival (MFS), overall survival, together with EBRT-related acute and late toxicities. The impact of various prognostic factors on the studied endpoints was analysed using univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Among the 462 patients, 88% (405) had Gleason 9 disease and 31% (142) had primary Gleason pattern 5. A prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan was used for staging in 33% (153), 80% (371) were staged as T3/T4 and 30% (142) with pelvic nodal disease. The median ADT duration was 24 months; 66% received hypofractionated EBRT and 71.4% (330) received pelvic nodal irradiation. With a median follow-up of 56 months, the 5-year bRFS, MFS and overall survival were 73.1%, 77.4% and 90.5%, respectively. Primary Gleason pattern 5 was associated with worse bRFS, MFS and overall survival with hazard ratios of 0.51 (95% confidence interval 0.35 to 0.73, P < 0.001), 0.64 (95% confidence interval 0.43 to 0.96, P = 0.031) and 0.52 (95% confidence interval 0.28 to 0.97, P = 0.040), respectively, whereas pelvic nodal disease was associated with worse bRFS (hazard ratio 0.67, 95% confidence interval 0.46 to 0.98, P = 0.039) and MFS (hazard ratio 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.37 to 0.85, P = 0.006). The acute and late radiation-related toxicities were low overall and pelvic nodal irradiation was associated with higher toxicities. CONCLUSION: Contemporary EBRT and long-term ADT led to excellent 5-year clinical outcomes and low rates of toxicity in this cohort of non-metastatic grade group 5 prostate cancers. Primary Gleason pattern 5 and pelvic node disease portends inferior clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Androgênios , Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia , Antígeno Prostático Específico
20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(39): 5862-5865, 2023 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37092312

RESUMO

We hereby report a visible light mediated alkyl sulfonylative cascade cyclization of alkynyl and dialkynyl cyclohexadienones via SO2 insertion. The protocol utilizes alkyl Hantzsch esters as the alkyl source and DABSO as the SO2 source with 4-CzIPN as the organophotocatalyst. A variety of dihydrochromenone derivatives were obtained in good yields under mild energy efficient conditions. Additionally, fluorescence quenching and control studies were carried out to probe the mechanism.

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