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ACS Omega ; 7(16): 14089-14101, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559195


Two ligand ratio-dependent supramolecular networks, [Cd(2,2'-bpym)1.5(BDC)]·0.5(2,2'-bpym)·5H2O (1) and [Cd(2,2'-bpym)0.5(BDC)(H2O)3] (2), (BDC2- = dianion of terephthalic acid and 2,2'-bpym = 2,2'-bipyrimidine) have been synthesized and structurally characterized by the single-crystal X-ray diffraction method. Structural determination reveals that compound 1 is a two-dimensional (2D) layered metal-organic framework (MOF) constructed via the bridges of Cd(II) ions with 2,2'-bpym and BDC2- ligands, and compound 2 is a zero-dimensional (0D) 2,2'-bpym-bridged di-Cd(II) monomeric complex. When the thermally dehydrated powders of 1 (at 100 °C) were immersed into water solution, most of the dehydrated powders of 1 underwent structural transformation back to rehydrated 1, but very little amounts of the dehydrated powders of 1 were decomposed to light-brown crystals of 2 or colorless crystals of a new coordination polymer (CP), [Cd(2,2'-bpym)(BDC)(H2O)]·3H2O (3), with its one-dimensional (1D) zigzag chain-like framework being constructed via the bridges of Cd(II) ions with the BDC2- ligand. Structural analysis reveals that all 3D supramolecular networks of 1-3 are further constructed via strong intermolecular interactions, including hydrogen bonds and π-π stacking interactions. Compounds 1 and 2 both exhibit significant water vapor hysteresis isotherms, and their cyclic water de-/adsorption behavior accompanied with solid-state structural transformation has been verified by de-/rehydration TG analyses and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) measurements.

RSC Adv ; 11(43): 26516-26522, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35479996


The electrochemical sensing applications of a series of water-stable 2D metal-organic framework (MOF)-modified screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) are reported. The MOF materials in this study are [M(bipy)(C4O4)(H2O)2]·3H2O, in which bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine and M = Mn, Fe, Co and Zn. The MOF materials are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), showing that the MOFs have a layer-by-layer rod structure with a smooth surface. We use the nitrofurazone molecule as a probe to investigate the influence of the metal ions of MOFs on electrochemical sensing ability. Cyclic voltammetry demonstrated that the Mn-MOF electrode of interest delivered stronger signals than that of other electrodes. Through first-principles calculations, we also revealed that the change in the spin polarization of divalent metal ions passing from the free ion state to the MOF environment appeared to be significantly correlated with the enhancement in the peak response current. The theoretical and experimental results consistently indicate that Mn-MOF has the smallest bandgap and good sensitivity among these MOF materials. Accordingly, we proposed a simple model to illustrate this observation and disclosed the importance of the electron configuration of the transition metal constructing the MOF materials used in improving electrochemical sensing applications.

Polymers (Basel) ; 12(10)2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992646


Two coordination polymers (CPs), with chemical formulas {[Ni2(bpp)2(BT)(H2O)6] 1.5(EtOH) 1.5H2O}n (1) and [Zn(bpp)(BT)0.5]·5H2O (2) (bpp = 1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane, and BT4- = tetraanion of 1,2,4,5-Benzenetetracarboxylic acid), have been synthesized and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods. In compound 1, the coordination environments of two crystallographically independent Ni(II) ions are both distorted octahedral bonded to two nitrogen donors from two bpp ligands and four oxygen donors from one BT4- ligand and three water molecules. Both bpp and BT4- act as bridging ligands with bis-monodentate and 1,4-bis-monodentate coordination modes, respectively, connecting the Ni(II) ions to form a 2D layered metal-organic framework (MOF). Adjacent 2D layers are then arranged orderly in an ABAB manner to complete their 3D supramolecular architecture. In 2, the coordination environment of Zn(II) ion is distorted tetrahedral bonded to two nitrogen donors from two bpp ligands and two oxygen donors from two BT4- ligands. Both bpp and BT4- act as bridging ligands with bis-monodentate and 1,2,4,5-tetrakis-monodentate coordination modes, respectively, connecting the Zn(II) ions to form a 3D MOF. The reversible water de-/adsorption behavior of 1 between dehydrated and rehydrated forms has been verified by cyclic Thermogravimetric (TG) analyses through de-/rehydration processes. Compound 1 also exhibits significant water vapor hysteresis isotherms.

J Agric Food Chem ; 60(4): 1059-66, 2012 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22191431


It was reported that increased plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) are associated with profound insulin resistance in skeletal muscle and may also play a critical role in the insulin resistance of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Skeletal muscle is the major site for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and is involved in energy regulation and homeostasis. In this study, we used 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), a protein kinase C (PKC) activator, and palmitate to induce insulin resistance in C2C12 mouse skeletal muscle cells. Our data show that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and curcumin treatment reduce insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) Ser307 phosphorylation, and curcumin is more potent to increase Akt phosphorylation in TPA induction. Moreover, we found that after 5 h of palmitate incubation, epicatechin gallate (ECG) can suppress IRS-1 Ser307 phosphorylation and significantly promote Akt, ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, and AMP-activated protein kinase activation. With a longer incubation with palmitate, IRS-1 exhibited a dramatic depletion, and treatment with EGCG, ECG, and curcumin could reverse IRS-1 expression, Akt phosphorylation, and MAPK signaling cascade activation and improve glucose uptake in C2C12 skeletal muscle cells, especially ECG and curcumin. In addition, treatment with these polyphenols can suppress acetyl-CoA carboxylase activation, but only EGCG could inhibit lipid accumulation in the intracellular site. These findings may suggest that curcumin shows the best capacity to improve FFA-induced insulin resistance than the other two, and ECG was more effective than EGCG in attenuating insulin resistance.

Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/farmacologia , Resistência à Insulina , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Curcumina/farmacologia , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Ácido Palmítico/farmacologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Serina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Acetato de Tetradecanoilforbol/farmacologia