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1.
ACS Omega ; 9(19): 21569-21579, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764695

RESUMO

Two cylindrical section hydrocyclones can suppress particle misplacement by regulating the circulation flow, but few researchers have investigated the effect of the cylindrical height ratio. In this paper, numerical simulations and physical tests were conducted to investigate the effect of height ratio on the particle motion behavior and separation performance of the two cylindrical section hydrocyclone. According to the numerical simulation results, with increasing height ratio, the separation cut size decreased, the separation accuracy and recovery rate of medium and coarse particles in the underflow increased, the coarse particle misplacement in overflow decreased significantly, and the proportion of medium particle circulation flow gradually increased. According to the test results, the number of misplaced fine particles in underflow could be effectively reduced when H1/H0 = 0.30. With increasing height ratio, the number of misplaced coarse particles in the overflow decreased and the classification efficiency of fine particles increased. The maximum separation efficiencies of medium and coarse particles could be obtained at H1/H0 values of 0.47 and 0.17, respectively. Therefore, increasing the height ratio could inhibit coarse particle misplacement in overflow and improve the separation performance of two cylindrical section hydrocyclones.

2.
Int J Med Microbiol ; 315: 151621, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759506

RESUMO

Preterm infants face a high risk of various complications, and their gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in health. Delivery modes have been reported to affect the development of gut microbiota in term infants, but its impact on preterm infants remains unclear. Here, we collected fecal samples from 30 preterm infants at five-time points within the first four weeks of life. Employing 16 S rRNA sequencing, principal coordinates analysis, the analysis of similarities, and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test, we examined the top dominant phyla and genera, the temporal changes in specific taxa abundance, and their relationship with delivery modes, such as Escherichia-Shigella and Enterococcus based on vaginal delivery and Pluralibacter related to cesarean section. Moreover, we identified particular bacteria, such as Taonella, Patulibacter, and others, whose proportions fluctuated among preterm infants born via different delivery modes at varying time points, as well as the microbiota types and functions. These results indicated the influence of delivery mode on the composition and function of the preterm infant gut microbiota. Importantly, these effects are time-dependent during the early stages of life. These insights shed light on the pivotal role of delivery mode in shaping the gut microbiota of preterm infants and have significant clinical implications for their care and management.

3.
Kidney Dis (Basel) ; 10(2): 89-96, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751797

RESUMO

Introduction: Venous valve-related stenosis (VVRS) is an uncommon type of failure of arteriovenous fistula among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). There is a paucity of data on the long-term efficacy of ultrasound-guided percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for VVRS. Methods: ESRD patients who underwent PTA because of VVRS between January 2017 and December 2021 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were enrolled. Patients were classified into three cohorts (cohort1, VVRS located within 3 cm of the vein adjacent to the anastomosis; cohort2, VVRS located over 3 cm away from the anastomosis; cohort3, multiple stenoses). The patency rates were assessed by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were performed to identify the risk factors. Results: A total of 292 patients were enrolled, including 125 (42.8%), 111 (38.0%), and 56 (19.2%) patients in cohort1, cohort2, and cohort3, respectively. The median follow-up was 34.8 months. The 6-month, 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year primary patency rates were 86.0%, 69.4%, 47.5%, and 35.3%, respectively. The secondary patency rates were 94.5%, 89.4%, 75.5%, and 65.3%, respectively. Cohort1 showed a relatively better primary patency compared to cohort2 and cohort3. The secondary patency rates were comparable in the three cohorts. Duration of dialysis and VVRS type were potential factors associated with primary patency. Conclusions: This study showed acceptable long-term primary and secondary patency rates after PTA for VVRS in ESRD patients, especially for those with VVRS located within 3 cm of the vein adjacent to the anastomosis.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(20): e38261, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758844

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic mechanism of Mori Cortex against osteosarcoma (OS), we conducted bioinformatics prediction followed by in vitro experimental validation. METHODS: Gene expression data from normal and OS tissues were obtained from the GEO database and underwent differential analysis. Active Mori Cortex components and target genes were extracted from the Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology database. By intersecting these targets with differentially expressed genes in OS, we identified potential drug action targets. Using the STRING database, a protein-protein interaction network was constructed. Subsequent analyses of these intersected genes, including Gene Ontology enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment, were performed using R software to elucidate biological processes, molecular functions, and cellular components, resulting in the simulation of signaling pathways. Molecular docking assessed the binding capacity of small molecules to signaling pathway targets. In vitro validations were conducted on U-2 OS cells. The CCK8 assay was used to determine drug-induced cytotoxicity in OS cells, and Western Blotting was employed to validate the expression of AKT, extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), Survivin, and Cyclin D1 proteins. RESULTS: Through differential gene expression analysis between normal and OS tissues, we identified 12,364 differentially expressed genes. From the TCSMP database, 39 active components and 185 therapeutic targets related to OS were derived. The protein-protein interaction network indicated that AKT1, IL-6, JUN, VEGFA, and CASP3 might be central targets of Mori Cortex for OS. Molecular docking revealed that the active compound Morusin in Mori Cortex exhibits strong binding affinity to AKT and ERK. The CCK8 assay showed that Morusin significantly inhibits the viability of U-2 OS cells. Western Blot demonstrated a reduction in the p-AKT/AKT ratio, the p-ERK/ERK ratio, Survivin, and Cyclin D1. CONCLUSION: Mori Cortex may exert its therapeutic effects on OS through multiple cellular signaling pathways. Morusin, the active component of Mori Cortex, can inhibit cell cycle regulation and promote cell death in OS cells by targeting AKT/ERK pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Biologia Computacional , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Morus , Osteossarcoma , Osteossarcoma/genética , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Survivina/metabolismo , Survivina/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Ciclina D1/genética
5.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 107: 106919, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38795569

RESUMO

The search to improve the quality of meat while maintaining its nutritional value and flavor profile has driven the investigation of emerging clean-label non-thermal technologies in the field of meat processing. Ultrasound (US) and pulsed electric field (PEF) treatments have emerged as promising tools for producing high-quality meat products. This study investigated the combined effects of ultrasound and PEF on chicken breast meat quality, focusing on cooking loss, texture, and taste-related amino acids. Ultrasound (24.5 kHz, 300 W, 10 min) combined with PEF for 30 s (1.6, 3.3, and 5.0 kV/cm as US + PEF 1, US + PEF 3, and US + PEF 5, respectively) significantly reduced cooking losses (up to 28.78 %), potentially improving the product yield. Although US + PEF significantly (p < 0.05) affected pH, particularly at a higher PEF intensity (5 kV/cm), the overall color appearance of the treated meat remained unchanged. The combined treatments resulted in a tenderizing effect and decreased meat hardness, adhesiveness, and chewiness. Interestingly, US + PEF with increasing PEF intensity (1.6 to 5.0 kV/cm) led to a gradual increase in taste-related amino acids (aspartic acid, glutamic acid, etc.), potentially enhancing flavor. FTIR spectra revealed alterations in protein and lipid structures following treatment, suggesting potential modifications in meat quality. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed significant changes in the texture and structure of US + PEF-treated meat, depicting structural disruptions. Furthermore, Pearson's correlation analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) revealed a clear relationship between the physicochemical characteristics, free amino acids, color, and texture attributes of chicken meat. By optimizing treatment parameters, US + PEF could offer a novel approach to improve chicken breast meat quality.

6.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0297613, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723005

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Maternal vitamin D deficiency is a prevalent public health issue worldwide. While isolated reports from certain cities in China have highlighted the existence of maternal vitamin D deficiency, no nationwide investigation has been conducted on this topic. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review to examine the prevalence and associated influencing factors of maternal vitamin D deficiency in mainland China. This study aims to provide a theoretical foundation for future prevention and supplementation strategies for maternal vitamin D. METHODS: We retrieved relevant Chinese and English literature on the status of maternal vitamin D deficiency in mainland China from databases such as CNKI, Wanfang Data, VIP, CBM, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and PubMed. The literature search and database construction were conducted until September 8, 2023. Data were extracted and synthesized following PRISMA guidelines.After literature screening and quality assessment, we performed meta-analysis, sensitivity analysis, and identified publication bias using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: A total of 26 articles were reviewed, involving 128,820 pregnant women. Among them, 108,768 had vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency, resulting in a prevalence of 84% (95% CI: 81%~88%). Subgroup analysis revealed the highest prevalence of vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency among pregnant women in mainland China to be in the northwest region (94%, 95% CI: 94%~95%). Furthermore, the highest prevalence was observed during the winter and spring seasons (80%, 95% CI: 77%~83%) and in the early stages of pregnancy (93%, 95% CI: 90%~95%). Significant statistical differences (P<0.05) were found among these three subgroups. No publication bias was detected, and sensitivity analysis indicated the stability of the meta-analysis outcome. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency among pregnant women in mainland China. To improve the overall health and well-being of the population, relevant health authorities should develop policies aimed at alleviating this phenomenon.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Vitamina D , Vitamina D , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , China/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/sangue , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estações do Ano
7.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38790078

RESUMO

Hyperlipidemia has been a huge challenge to global health, leading to the cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and diabetes. Atorvastatin calcium (AC), a widely prescribed drug for hyperlipidemia, faces huge challenges with oral administration due to poor water solubility and hepatic first-pass effects, resulting in low therapeutic efficacy. In this work, we designed and developed a hybrid microneedle (MN) patch system constructed with soluble poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and AC-loaded polymeric micelles (AC@PMs) for transdermal delivery of AC to enhance the hyperlipidemia therapy. We first prepared various AC@PM formulations self-assembled from mPEG-PLA and mPEG-PLA-PEG block copolymers using a dialysis method and evaluated the physicochemical properties in combination with experiment skills and dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) simulations. Then, we encapsulated the AC@PMs into the PVA MN patch using a micromold filling method, followed by characterizing the performances, especially the structural stability, mechanical performance, and biosafety. After conducting in vivo experiments using a hyperlipidemic rat model, our findings revealed that the hybrid microneedle-mediated administration exhibited superior therapeutic efficacy when compared to oral delivery methods. In summary, we have successfully developed a hybrid microneedle (MN) patch system that holds promising potential for the efficient transdermal delivery of hydrophobic drugs.

8.
Environ Res ; 255: 119194, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777294

RESUMO

Anaerobic co-digestion (AcoD) with kitchen waste (KW) is an alternative utilization strategy for algal bloom waste (AW). However, the kinetic characteristic and metabolic pathway during this process need to be explored further. This study conducted a comprehensive kinetic and metagenomic analysis for AcoD of AW and KW. A maximum co-digestion performance index (CPI) of 1.13 was achieved under the 12% AW addition. Co-digestion improved the total volatile fatty acids generation and the organic matter transformation efficiency. Kinetic analysis showed that the Superimposed model fit optimally (R2Adj = 0.9988-0.9995). The improvement of the kinetic process by co-digestion was mainly reflected in the increase of the methane production from slowly biodegradable components. Co-digestion enriched the cellulolytic bacterium Clostridium and the hydrogenotrophic methanogenic archaea Methanobacterium. Furthermore, for metagenome analysis, the abundance of key genes concerned in cellulose and lipid hydrolysis, pyruvate and methane metabolism were both increased in co-digestion process. This study provided a feasible process for the utilization of AW produced seasonally and a deeper understanding of the AcoD synergistic mechanism from kinetic and metagenomic perspectives.

9.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(5): 167208, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701956

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the cardiac protective effects and molecular mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) pre-treatment in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-Induced Cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pre-treatment with EA was performed 30 min before intraperitoneal injection of LPS. Cardiac function changes in mice of the EA + LPS group were observed using electrocardiography, echocardiography, and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and compared with the LPS group. The results demonstrated that EA pre-treatment significantly improved the survival rate of septic mice, alleviated the severity of endotoxemia, and exhibited notable cardiac protective effects. These effects were characterized by a reduction in ST-segment elevation on electrocardiography, an increase in ejection fraction (EF) and fraction shortening (FS) on echocardiography and a decrease in the expression of serum cardiac troponin I (cTn-I) levels. Serum exosomes obtained after EA pre-treatment were extracted and administered to septic mice, revealing significant cardiac protective effects of EA-derived exosomes. Furthermore, the antagonism of circulating exosomes in mice markedly suppressed the cardiac protective effects conferred by EA pre-treatment. Analysis of serum exosomes using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) revealed a significant upregulation of miR-381 expression after EA pre-treatment. Inhibition or overexpression of miR-381 through serotype 9 adeno-associated virus (AAV9)-mediated gene delivery demonstrated that overexpression of miR-381 exerted a cardiac protective effect, while inhibition of miR-381 significantly attenuated the cardiac protective effects conferred by EA pre-treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our research findings have revealed a novel endogenous cardiac protection mechanism, wherein circulating exosomes derived from EA pre-treatment mitigate LPS-induced cardiac dysfunction via miR-381.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Eletroacupuntura , Exossomos , Lipopolissacarídeos , MicroRNAs , Animais , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Camundongos , Cardiomiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Cardiomiopatias/genética , Cardiomiopatias/prevenção & controle , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças
10.
Ultramicroscopy ; 262: 113982, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692140

RESUMO

Backscattered electron (BSE) imaging based on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has been widely used in scientific and industrial disciplines. However, achieving consistent standards and precise quantification in BSE images has proven to be a long-standing challenge. Previous methods incorporating dedicated calibration processes and Monte Carlo simulations have still posed practical limitations for widespread adoption. Here we introduce a bolometer platform that directly measures the absorbed thermal energy of the sample and demonstrates that it can help to analyze the atomic number (Z) of the investigated samples. The technique, named Atomic Number Electron Microscopy (ZEM), employs the conservation of energy as the foundation of standardization and can serve as a nearly ideal BSE detector. Our approach combines the strengths of both BSE and ZEM detectors, simplifying quantitative analysis for samples of various shapes and sizes. The complementary relation between the ZEM and BSE signals also makes the detection of light elements or compounds more accessible than existing microanalysis techniques.

11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11976, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38796616

RESUMO

Hydrocarbon contamination, including contamination with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), is a major concern in Antarctica due to the toxicity, recalcitrance and persistence of these compounds. Under the Antarctic Treaty, nonindigenous species are not permitted for use in bioremediation at polluted sites in the Antarctic region. In this study, three bacterial consortia (C13, C15, and C23) were isolated from Antarctic soils for phenanthrene degradation. All isolated bacterial consortia demonstrated phenanthrene degradation percentages ranging from 45 to 85% for 50 mg/L phenanthrene at 15 â„ƒ within 5 days. Furthermore, consortium C13 exhibited efficient phenanthrene degradation potential across a wide range of environmental conditions, including different temperature (4-30 â„ƒ) and water availability (without polyethylene glycol (PEG) 6000 or 30% PEG 6000 (w/v)) conditions. Sequencing analysis of 16S rRNA genes revealed that Pseudomonas and Pseudarthrobacter were the dominant genera in the phenanthrene-degrading consortia. Moreover, six cultivable strains were isolated from these consortia, comprising four strains of Pseudomonas, one strain of Pseudarthrobacter, and one strain of Paeniglutamicibacter. These isolated strains exhibited the ability to degrade 50 mg/L phenanthrene, with degradation percentages ranging from 4 to 22% at 15 â„ƒ within 15 days. Additionally, the constructed consortia containing Pseudomonas spp. and Pseudarthrobacter sp. exhibited more effective phenanthrene degradation (43-52%) than did the individual strains. These results provide evidence that Pseudomonas and Pseudarthrobacter can be potential candidates for synergistic phenanthrene degradation at low temperatures. Overall, our study offers valuable information for the bioremediation of PAH contamination in Antarctic environments.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Fenantrenos , Pseudomonas , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/genética , Temperatura Baixa , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Regiões Antárticas , Consórcios Microbianos , Filogenia
12.
IJID Reg ; 11: 100372, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38799797

RESUMO

Objectives: Salmonella, a zoonotic pathogen, significantly impacts global human health. Understanding its serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance is crucial for effective control measures and medical interventions. Methods: We collected Salmonella isolates and demographic data from Taiwanese hospitals between 2004 and 2022, analyzing their serotypes and antimicrobial susceptibility. Results: Among 40,595 isolates, salmonellosis predominated in children aged 0-4 (61.2%) years and among males (55.2%). Males also showed higher rates of extraintestinal infections (18.1% vs 16.0%, P <0.001), particularly, in the ≥65 years age group (52.4%). The top five serovars were S. Enteritidis (32.8%), S. Typhimurium (21.7%), S. Newport (6.2%), S. Stanley (4.7%), and S. Anatum (4.0%). Notably, S. Enteritidis prevalence increased from 23.9% (2004-2005) to 43.6% (2021-2022). Antimicrobial resistance was high, with a 51.6% multidrug resistance (MDR) rate. Disturbingly, MDR rates exceeded 90% in serovars Albany, Schwarzengrund, Choleraesuis, and Goldcoast. Resistance to key therapeutic agents, azithromycin, cefotaxime, and ciprofloxacin, exhibited concerning upward trends, and the surge in cefotaxime and ciprofloxacin resistance was closely linked to the emergence and spread of MDR S. Anatum and S. Goldcoast clones. Conclusions: Prioritizing control measures against S. Enteritidis and closely monitoring the prevalence and spread of MDR clones are imperative to mitigate Salmonella infections in Taiwan.

13.
Cancer Lett ; : 216991, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797232

RESUMO

Genetic interactions (GIs) refer to two altered genes having a combined effect that is not seen individually. They play a crucial role in influencing drug efficacy. We utilized CGIdb 2.0 (http://www.medsysbio.org/CGIdb2/), an updated database of comprehensively published GIs information, encompassing synthetic lethality (SL), synthetic viability (SV), and chemical-genetic interactions. CGIdb 2.0 elucidates GIs relationships between or within protein complex models by integrating protein-protein physical interactions. Additionally, we introduced GENIUS (GENetic Interactions mediated drUg Signature) to leverage GIs for identifying the response signature of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). GENIUS identified high MAP4K4 expression as a resistance signature and high HERC4 expression as a sensitivity signature for ICIs treatment. Melanoma patients with high expression of MAP4K4 were associated with decreased efficacy and poorer survival following ICIs treatment. Conversely, overexpression of HERC4 in melanoma patients correlated with a positive response to ICIs. Notably, HERC4 enhances sensitivity to immunotherapy by facilitating antigen presentation. Analyses of immune cell infiltration and single-cell data revealed that B cells expressing MAP4K4 may contribute to resistance to ICIs in melanoma. Overall, CGIdb 2.0, provides integrated GIs data, thus serving as a crucial tool for exploring drug effects.

14.
J Texture Stud ; 55(3): e12835, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38778604

RESUMO

Texture deterioration of meat products upon high-temperature sterilization is a pressing issue in the meat industry. This study evaluated the effect of different thermal sterilization temperatures on the textural and juiciness of ready-to-eat (RTE) chicken breast. In this study, by dynamically monitoring the texture and juiciness of chicken meat products during the process of thermal sterilization, it has been observed that excessively high sterilization temperatures (above 100°C) significantly diminish the shear force, springiness and water-holding capacity of the products. Furthermore, from the perspective of myofibrillar protein degradation, molecular mechanisms have been elucidated, unveiling that the thermal sterilization treatment at 121°C/10 min triggers the degradation of myosin heavy chains and F-actin, disrupting the lattice arrangement of myofilaments, compromising the integrity of sarcomeres, and resulting in an increase of approximately 40.66% in the myofibrillar fragmentation index, thus diminishing the quality characteristics of the products. This study unravels the underlying mechanisms governing the dynamic changes in quality of chicken meat products during the process of thermal sterilization, thereby providing theoretical guidance for the development of high-quality chicken products.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Esterilização , Animais , Esterilização/métodos , Temperatura Alta , Produtos da Carne/análise , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Proteólise , Carne/análise , Actinas , Miofibrilas/química , Proteínas Musculares
15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202407702, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751355

RESUMO

The current bottleneck in the development of efficient photocatalysts for hydrogen evolution is the limited availability of high-performance acceptor units. Over the past nine years, dibenzo[b,d]thiophene sulfone (DBS) has been the preferred choice for the acceptor unit. Despite extensive exploration of alternative structures as potential replacements for DBS, a superior substitute remains elusive. In this study, a symmetry-breaking strategy was employed on DBS to develop a novel acceptor unit, BBTT-1SO. The asymmetric structure of BBTT-1SO proved beneficial for increasing multiple moment and polarizability. BBTT-1SO-containing polymers showed higher efficiencies for hydrogen evolution than their DBS-containing counterparts by up to 166%. PBBTT-1SO exhibited an excellent hydrogen evolution rate (HER) of 222.03 mmol g-1 h-1 and an apparent quantum yield of 27.5% at 500 nm. Transient spectroscopic studies indicated that the BBTT-1SO-based polymers facilitated electron polaron formation, which explains their superior HERs. PBBTT-1SO also showed 14% higher HER in natural seawater splitting than that in deionized water splitting. Molecular dynamics simulations highlighted the enhanced water-PBBTT-1SO polymer interactions in salt-containing solutions. This study presents a pioneering example of a substitute acceptor unit for DBS in the construction of high-performance photocatalysts for hydrogen evolution.

16.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1410457, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765013

RESUMO

Introduction: CM313 is currently under clinical investigation for treatments of multiple myeloma, systemic lupus erythematosus, and immune thrombocytopenia. We aimed to report the preclinical profile of the novel therapeutic anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody (mAb) CM313, with an emphasis on the difference with other CD38-targeting mAb. Methods: The binding of CM313 to CD38 recombinant protein across species was assessed using ELISA. The binding of CM313 to CD38-positive (CD38+) cells was detected using flow cytometry assays. CM313-induced complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC), antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP) and apoptosis on different CD38+ cells were assessed by LDH release assays or flow cytometry assays. The effect of CM313 on CD38 enzymatic activity was measured using fluorescence spectroscopy. CM313 immunotoxicity in human blood was assessed using flow cytometry assays, ELISA, and LDH release assays. Anti-tumor activity of CM313 was assessed in multiple mouse xenograft models. Safety profile of CM313 were evaluated in cynomolgus monkeys and human CD38 transgenic (B-hCD38) mice. Results: There exist unique sequences at complementarity-determining regions (CDR) of CM313, which facilitates its affinity to CD38 is consistently higher across a spectrum of CD38+ cell lines than daratumumab. In vitro studies showed that CM313 induces comparable killing activity than daratumumab, including ADCC, CDC, ADCP, apoptosis induced by Fc-mediated cross-linking, and effectively inhibited the enzymatic activity of CD38. However, CM313 showed more potent CDC than isatuximab. In vivo, CM313 dose-dependently inhibited xenograft tumor growth, both as a monotherapy and in combination with dexamethasone or lenalidomide. Furthermore, CM313 was well tolerated with no drug-related clinical signs or off-target risks, as evidenced by 4-week repeat-dose toxicology studies in cynomolgus monkeys and B-hCD38 mice, with the later study showing no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of 300mg/kg once weekly. Discussion: CM313 is a novel investigational humanized mAb with a distinct CDR sequence, showing comparable killing effects with daratumumab and stronger CDC activity than isatuximab, which supports its clinical development.


Assuntos
ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1 , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos , Macaca fascicularis , Animais , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/imunologia , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Camundongos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Feminino , Camundongos Transgênicos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana
17.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1354784, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770023

RESUMO

It is well-known that water quality has great significance on microbial community composition in aquatic environments. In this study, we detected water column indicates the microbial community composition of nine sampling sites over two seasons using Illumina TruSeq sequencing in Songtao Reservoir, Hainan Province, Southmost China. The study indicated that the dominant phylum was Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Cyanobacteria. The diversity parameters showed that the microbial community composition had significant spatiotemporal variations, including the significantly higher Shannon index and Simpson index upstream than those midstream and downstream. Besides, there were significantly higher Chao1 index, Shannon index, and Simpson index in winter than in summer. Principal coordinates analysis (PCoA) showed the microbial structural composition had significant seasonal differences. The results of microbial community composition further revealed that the eutrophication level upstream was higher than that of midstream and downstream. The redundancy analysis (RDA) diagram indicated that the abundance of microbiology species significantly correlated with temperature, total phosphorus, Se, and Ni. Furthermore, the mantel's test showed that the temperature and total phosphorus significantly affected the community composition of archaea and bacteria. Overall, our finding here partially validated our hypothesis that the spatiotemporal variations of microbial community composition are significantly related to nutrients, physicochemical factors and metals, which has been unknown previously in tropical drinking waterbodies. This study substantially contributed to understanding of the composition of microbial community in tropical drinking water reservoirs and the main environmental driving factors in tropical zones. It also provided a reference for the management of reservoir operation to ensure drinking water safe.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; : 173381, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782274

RESUMO

The chemical weathering process of carbonate rocks consumes a large quantity of CO2. This has great potential as a carbon sink, and it is one of a significant pathway for achieving carbon neutrality. However, the control mechanisms of karst carbon sink fluxes are unclear, and there is a lack of effective and accurate accounting. We took the Puding Shawan karst water­carbon cycle test site in China, which has identical initial conditions but different land use types, as the research subject. We used controlled experiments over six years to evaluate the mechanisms for the differences in hydrology, water chemistry, concentrations and fluxes of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). We found that the transition from rock to bare soil to grassland led to increases in the DIC concentration by 0.08-0.62 mmol⋅L-1. The inorganic carbon sink flux (CSF) increased by 3.01-5.26 t⋅C⋅km-2⋅a-1, an increase amplitude of 30-70 %. The flux of dissolved organic carbon (FDOC) increase by 0.28 to 0.52 t⋅C⋅km-2⋅a-1, an increase amplitude of 34-90 %. We also assessed the contribution of land use modifications to regional carbon neutrality, it indicate that positive land use modification can significantly regulate the karst carbon sink, with grassland having the greatest carbon sequestration ability. Moreover, in addition to DOC from soil organic matter degradation, DOC production by chemoautotrophic microorganisms utilizing DIC in groundwater may also be a potential source. Thus, coupled studies of the conversion of DIC to DOC processes in groundwater are an important step in assessing karst carbon sink fluxes.

19.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 442, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (preCRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer in older people who were classified as "fit" by comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). METHODS: A single-arm, multicenter, phase II trial was designed. Patients were eligible for this study if they were aged 70 years or above and met the standards of "fit" (SIOG1) as evaluated by CGA and of the locally advanced risk category. The primary endpoint was 2-year disease-free survival (DFS). Patients were scheduled to receive preCRT (50 Gy) with raltitrexed (3 mg/m2 on days 1 and 22). RESULTS: One hundred and nine patients were evaluated by CGA, of whom eighty-six, eleven and twelve were classified into the fit, intermediate and frail category. Sixty-eight fit patients with a median age of 74 years were enrolled. Sixty-four patients (94.1%) finished radiotherapy without dose reduction. Fifty-four (79.3%) patients finished the prescribed raltitrexed therapy as planned. Serious toxicity (grade 3 or above) was observed in twenty-four patients (35.3%), and fourteen patients (20.6%) experienced non-hematological side effects. Within a median follow-up time of 36.0 months (range: 5.9-63.1 months), the 2-year overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 89.6% (95% CI: 82.3-96.9), 92.4% (95% CI: 85.9-98.9) and 75.6% (95% CI: 65.2-86.0), respectively. Forty-eight patients (70.6%) underwent surgery (R0 resection 95.8%, R1 resection 4.2%), the corresponding R0 resection rate among the patients with positive mesorectal fascia status was 76.6% (36/47). CONCLUSION: This phase II trial suggests that preCRT is efficient with tolerable toxicities in older rectal cancer patients who were evaluated as fit based on CGA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The registration number on ClinicalTrials.gov was NCT02992886 (14/12/2016).


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Tiofenos/administração & dosagem , Tiofenos/uso terapêutico , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Quinazolinas/administração & dosagem , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776209

RESUMO

In hyperspectral image (HSI) processing, the fusion of the high-resolution multispectral image (HR-MSI) and the low-resolution HSI (LR-HSI) on the same scene, known as MSI-HSI fusion, is a crucial step in obtaining the desired high-resolution HSI (HR-HSI). With the powerful representation ability, convolutional neural network (CNN)-based deep unfolding methods have demonstrated promising performances. However, limited receptive fields of CNN often lead to inaccurate long-range spatial features, and inherent input and output images for each stage in unfolding networks restrict the feature transmission, thus limiting the overall performance. To this end, we propose a novel and efficient information-aware transformer-based unfolding network (ITU-Net) to model the long-range dependencies and transfer more information across the stages. Specifically, we employ a customized transformer block to learn representations from both the spatial and frequency domains as well as avoid the quadratic complexity with respect to the input length. For spatial feature extractions, we develop an information transfer guided linearized attention (ITLA), which transmits high-throughput information between adjacent stages and extracts contextual features along the spatial dimension in linear complexity. Moreover, we introduce frequency domain learning in the feedforward network (FFN) to capture token variations of the image and narrow the frequency gap. Via integrating our proposed transformer blocks with the unfolding framework, our ITU-Net achieves state-of-the-art (SOTA) performance on both synthetic and real hyperspectral datasets.

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