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1.
PhytoKeys ; 239: 255-266, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572373

RESUMO

Two new diatom species belonging to the genus Gomphonemopsis are described, Gomphonemopsisnanasp. nov. and Gomphonemopsisgaoisp. nov. These two species were compared in detail with congeners. Gomphonemopsisnana is distinguished by its high stria density and small size. This species was found so far to be epiphytic only on the eelgrass collected from Qingdao Bay (Yellow Sea). Gomphonemopsisgaoi is characterized by its isopolar valves, simple proximal raphe endings and acutely rounded apices. This taxon was separated from the exoskeleton of marine copepods sampled from the Futian Mangrove Nature Reserve (South China Sea). In addition, two new combinations, Gomphonemopsisoahuensis (Hustedt) Lang Li, Yuhang Li & Changping Chen, comb. nov. and Gomphonemopsisplatypus (Østrup) Lang Li, Yuhang Li & Junxiang Lai, comb. nov. are proposed. This study increases the records and knowledge of Gomphonemopsis along the coast of China.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37647, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blocking screw technique has been widely applied in the treatment of long shaft fractures. However, the evidence with regard to whether intramedullary nail combined with blocking screw technique has better clinical efficacy over other is not clear. The aim of the study was to explore the clinical efficacy and complications of intramedullary nail combined with blocking screw technique in the treatment of femoral or tibial shaft fractures. METHODS: The PuMed, Embase, OVID, Cochrane library, Web of Science, Wanfang, CNKI and Weipu data were searched for studies of intramedullary nail combined with blocking screw in treatment of femoral or tibial shaft fracture published up to Aug 31 2023. Methodological quality of the trials was assessed, relevant data were extracted, and RevMan 5.3 and Stata 15.0 software were used to perform the meta-analysis of parameters related to the consequences. RESULT: Twenty articles were included, including 1267 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that compared with the non-blocking screw group, the blocking screw group had longer operation time (WMD = 13.24; 95% CI = 5.68-20.79, P = .0006) and more intraoperative fluoroscopy times (WMD = 57.62; 95% CI = 25.82-89.42, P = .0002). However, the postoperative therapeutic response rate was higher (OR = 5.60; 95% CI = 2.10-14.93, P = .0006), postoperative ankle joint function was better (OR = 3.48; 95% CI = 1.20-10.13, P = .02), and fracture healing rate was higher (OR = 3.56; 95% CI = 1.43-8.89, P = .006), fracture healing time was shorter (WMD = -3.59; 95% CI = -4.96 to -2.22, P < .00001), intraoperative blood loss was less (WMD = -54.80; 95% CI = -88.77 to -20.83, P = .002), hospitalization time was shorter (WMD = -1.66; 95% CI = -2.08 to -1.24, P < .00001), and complications were less (OR = 0.38; 95% CI = 0.16-0.89, P = .01). There was no statistical significance in the range of motion of knee joint between the 2 groups (WMD = 10.04; 95% CI = -1.51 to 21.59, P = .09). CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence shows that intramedullary nail combined with blocking screw technique in the treatment of lower limb long bone fracture has the advantages of good clinical efficacy, high fracture healing rate, short fracture healing time, good joint function, less complications and so on, which is worthy of clinical recommendation.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas da Tíbia , Humanos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Parafusos Ósseos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior , Pinos Ortopédicos
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134212, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583205

RESUMO

Elevated levels of cadmium (Cd) have the ability to impede plant development. Aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) have been demonstrated in a number of plant species to improve tolerance to a variety of abiotic stresses by scavenging cytotoxic aldehydes; however, only a few AKRs have been identified to improve Cd tolerance. The OsAKR1 gene was extracted and identified from rice here. After being exposed to Cd, the expression of OsAKR1 dramatically rose in both roots and shoots, although more pronounced in roots. According to a subcellular localization experiment, the nucleus and cytoplasm are where OsAKR1 is primarily found. Mutants lacking OsAKR1 exhibited Cd sensitive phenotype than that of the wild-type (WT) Nipponbare (Nip), and osakr1 mutants exhibited reduced capacity to scavenge methylglyoxal (MG). Furthermore, osakr1 mutants exhibited considerably greater hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and increased catalase (CAT) activity in comparison to Nip. The expression of three isomeric forms of CAT was found to be considerably elevated in osakr1 mutants during Cd stress, as demonstrated by quantitative real-time PCR analysis, when compared to Nip. These results imply that OsAKR1 controlled rice's ability to withstand Cd by scavenging harmful aldehydes and turning on the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging mechanism.

4.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570588

RESUMO

Hyperactivation of the NLRP3 inflammasome has been implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases. However, the precise molecular mechanisms that modulate the transcriptional regulation of NLRP3 remain largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) deficiency in macrophages leads to significant increases in the Nlrp3 and Il-1ß expression levels and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) secretion in response to NLRP3 inflammasome stimulation. Furthermore, in vivo experiments utilizing Gsnor-/- mice revealed increased disease severity in both lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced septic shock and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis models. Additionally, we showed that both LPS-induced septic shock and DSS-induced colitis were ameliorated in Gsnor-/- Nlrp3-/- double-knockout (DKO) mice. Mechanistically, GSNOR deficiency increases the S-nitrosation of mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) at the Cys211 residue and augments MAPK14 kinase activity, thereby promoting Nlrp3 and Il-1ß transcription and stimulating NLRP3 inflammasome activity. Our findings suggested that GSNOR is a regulator of the NLRP3 inflammasome and that reducing the level of S-nitrosylated MAPK14 may constitute an effective strategy for alleviating diseases associated with NLRP3-mediated inflammation.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572776

RESUMO

Although being applied in various fields, white light emitting diodes (WLEDs) still have drawbacks that urgently need to be conquered: the luminescent intensity of commercial phosphors sharply decreases at working temperature. In this study, we calculated the forming energy of defects and confirmed that the VNa defect state can stably exist in ß-NaGdF4, by density functional theory (DFT) calculation. Furthermore, we predicted that the VNa vacancies would provide a zero thermal quenching (ZTQ) property for the ß-NaGdF4-based red-light phosphor. Then, a series of ß-NaGdF4:xEu3+ and ß-NaGdF4:0.25Eu3+,yYb3+ red-light phosphors were synthesized by the hydrothermal method. We found that ß-NaGdF4:0.25Eu3+ and ß-NaGdF4:0.25Eu3+,0.005Yb3+ phosphors possess ZTQ properties at a temperature range between 303-483 K and 303-523 K, respectively. The thermoluminescence (TL) spectra were employed to calculate the depth and density of the VNa vacancies in ß-NaGdF4:0.25Eu3+ and ß-NaGdF4:0.25Eu3+,0.005Yb3+. Combining the DFT calculation with characterization results of TL spectra, it is concluded that electrons stored in VNa vacancies are excited to the exited state of Eu3+ to compensate for the loss of Eu3+ luminescent intensity. This will lead to an increase of luminescent intensity at high temperatures and facilitate the samples to improve ZTQ properties. WLEDs were obtained with CRI = 83.0, 81.6 and CCT = 5393, 5149 K, respectively, when phosphors of ß-NaGdF4:0.25Eu3+ and ß-NaGdF4:0.25Eu3+,0.005Yb3+ were utilized as the red-light source. These results indicate that these two phosphors may become reliable red-light sources with high antithermal quenching properties for WLEDs.

6.
Discov Oncol ; 15(1): 112, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of iron metabolism has been shown to have significant implications for cancer development. We aimed to investigate the prognostic and immunological significance of iron metabolism-related genes (IMRGs) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: Multiple Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets were analyzed to identify key IMRGs associated with prognosis. Additionally, the immunological significance of IMRGs was explored. RESULTS: A novel risk model was established using the LASSO regression algorithm, incorporating three genes (TFRC, SLC39A14, and ATP6V0D1).This model categorized patients into low and high-risk groups, and Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed significantly shorter progression-free survival for the high-risk group (P < 0.0001). The prognostic model's accuracy was additionally confirmed by employing time-dependent Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves and conducting Decision Curve Analysis (DCA). High-risk patients were found to correlate with advanced clinical stages, specific tumor microenvironment subtypes, and distinct morphologies. ESTIMATE analysis demonstrated a significant inverse relationship between increased immune, stromal, and ESTIMATE scores and lowered risk score. Immune analysis indicated a negative correlation between high-risk score and the abundance of most tumor-infiltrating immune cells, including dendritic cells, CD8+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, and B cells. This correlation extended to immune checkpoint genes such as PDCD1, CTLA4, TIGIT, LAG3, and BTLA. The protein expression patterns of selected genes in clinical NPC samples were validated through immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSION: This study presents a prognostic model utilizing IMRGs in NPC, which could assist in assessing patient prognosis and provide insights into new therapeutic targets for NPC.

7.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27537, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515682

RESUMO

Background: Demographics of pulmonary hypertension (PH) has changed a lot over the past forty years. Several recent registries noted an increase in mean age of PH but only a few of them investigated the characteristics of elderly patients. Thus, we aimed to analyze the characteristics of PH in such a population in this study. Methods: This multicenter study enrolled patients diagnosed with PH in group 1, 3, 4, and 5 consecutively from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2020. A total of 490 patients was included, and patients were divided into three groups by age (≤45 years, 45-65 years, and >65 years). Results: The mean age of PH patients diagnosed with PH was 55.3 ± 16.3 years of age. There was higher proportion of elderly patients classified as group 3 PH (≤45: 1.3, 45-65: 4.5, >65: 8.1 %; p = 0.0206) and group 4 PH (≤45: 8.4, 45-65: 14.5, >65: 31.6 %; p < 0.0001) than young patients. Elderly patients had shorter 6-min walking distance (6 MWD) (≤45 vs. >65, mean difference, 77.8 m [95% confidence interval (CI), 2.1-153.6 m]), lower mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) (≤45 vs. >65, mean difference, 10.8 mmHg [95% CI, 6.37-15.2 mmHg]), and higher pulmonary arterial wedge pressure (PAWP) (≤45 vs. 45-65, mean difference, -2.1 mmHg [95% CI, -3.9 to -0.3 mmHg]) compared to young patients. Elderly patients had a poorer exercise capacity despite lower mPAP level compared to young population, but they received combination therapy less frequently compared to young patients (triple therapy in group 1 PH, ≤45: 16.7, 45-65: 11.3, >65: 3.8 %; p = 0.0005). Age older than 65 years was an independent predictor of high mortality for PH patients. Conclusions: Elderly PH patients possess unique hemodynamic profiles and epidemiologic patterns. They had higher PAWP, lower mPAP, and received combination therapy less frequently. Moreover, ageing is a predictor of high mortality for PH patients. Exercise capacity-hemodynamics mismatch and inadequate treatment are noteworthy in the approach of elderly population with PH.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 133862, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432090

RESUMO

The precise mechanism behind the association between plants' reactions to cadmium (Cd) stress and brassinosteroid (BR) remains unclear. In the current investigation, Cd stress quickly increased the endogenous BR concentration in the rice roots. Exogenous BR also increased the hemicellulose level in the root cell wall, which in turn increased its capacity to bind Cd. Simultaneously, the transcription level of genes responsible for root Cd absorption was decreased, including Natural Resistance-Associated Macrophage Protein 1/5 (OsNRAMP1/5) and a major facilitator superfamily gene called OsCd1. Ultimately, the increased expression of Heavy Metal ATPase 3 (OsHMA3) and the decreased expression of OsHMA2, which was in charge of separating Cd into vacuoles and translocating Cd to the shoots, respectively, led to a decrease in the amount of Cd that accumulated in the rice shoots. In contrast, transgenic rice lines overexpressing OsGSK2 (a negative regulator in BR signaling) accumulated more Cd, while OsGSK2 RNA interference (RNAi) rice line accumulated less Cd. Furthermore, BR increased endogenous Gibberellic acid (GA) level, and applying GA could replicate its alleviative effect. Taken together, BR decreased Cd accumulation in rice by mediating the cell wall's fixation capacity to Cd, which might relied on the buildup of the GA.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Giberelinas , Oryza , Cádmio/metabolismo , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Brassinosteroides , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
9.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 133875, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457970

RESUMO

Selective relaxant binding agents (SRBA) have great potential in clinical surgeries for the precise reversal of neuromuscular blockades. Understanding the relationship between the structure-affinity-reversal effects of SRBA and neuromuscular blockade is crucial for the design of new SRBAs, which has rarely been explored. Seven anionic pillar[5]arenes (AP5As) with different aliphatic chains and anionic groups at both edges were designed. Their binding affinities to the neuromuscular blocking agent decamonium bromide (DMBr) were investigated using 1H NMR, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and theoretical calculations. The results indicate that the capture of DMBr by AP5As is primarily driven by electrostatic interactions, ion-dipole interactions and C-H‧‧‧π interactions. The optimal size matching between the carboxylate AP5As and DMBr was ∼0.80. The binding affinity increased with an increase in the charge quantity of AP5As. Further animal experiments indicated that the reversal efficiency increased with increasing binding affinity for carboxylate or phosphonate AP5As. However, phosphonate AP5As exhibited lower reversal efficiencies than carboxylate AP5As, despite having stronger affinities with DMBr. By understanding the structure-affinity-reversal relationships, this study provides valuable insights into the design of innovative SRBAs for reversing neuromuscular blockade.


Assuntos
Bloqueadores Neuromusculares , Fármacos Neuromusculares não Despolarizantes , Organofosfonatos , gama-Ciclodextrinas , Animais , gama-Ciclodextrinas/farmacologia , Sugammadex , Bloqueadores Neuromusculares/farmacologia , Brometos
10.
BMC Med Imaging ; 24(1): 75, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Based on a longitudinal cohort design, the aim of this study was to investigate whether individual-based 18F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET) regional signals can predict dementia conversion in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: We included 44 MCI converters (MCI-C), 38 non-converters (MCI-NC), 42 patients with Alzheimer's disease with dementia, and 40 cognitively normal controls. Data from annual cognitive measurements, 3D T1 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and 18F-FDG-PET scans were used for outcome analysis. An individual-based FDG-PET approach was applied using seven volumes of interest (VOIs), Z transformed using a normal FDG-PET template. Hypometabolism was defined as a Z score < -2 of regional standard uptake value ratio. For the longitudinal cognitive test scores, generalized estimating equations were used. A linear mixed-effects model was used to compare the temporal impact of cortical hypometabolism and cortical thickness degeneration. RESULTS: The clinical follow-up period was 6.6 ± 3.8 years (range 3.1 to 16.0 years). The trend of cognitive decline could differentiate MCI-C from MCI-NC after 3 years of follow-up. In the baseline 18F-FDG-PET scan of the patients with MCI, medial temporal lobe (MTL; 94.7% sensitivity, 80.5% specificity) and posterior cingulate cortex (PCC; 89.5% sensitivity, 73.1% specificity) hypometabolism predicted conversion with high accuracy. 18F-FDG-PET hypometabolism preceded dementia conversion at an interval of 3.70 ± 1.68 years and was earlier than volumetric changes, with the exception of the MTL. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding supports the use of individual-based 18F-FDG-PET analysis to predict MCI conversion to dementia. Reduced FDG-PET metabolism in the MTL and PCC were strongly associated with future cognitive decline in the MCI-C group. Changes in 18F-FDG-PET occurred 1 to 8 years prior to conversion to dementia. Progressive hypometabolism in the PCC, precuneus and lateral temporal lobe, but not MTL, preceded MRI findings at the MCI stage.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Progressão da Doença , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Encéfalo/metabolismo
11.
Cell Rep Med ; 5(3): 101448, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458196

RESUMO

The immune responses during the initiation and invasion stages of human lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) development are largely unknown. Here, we generated a single-cell RNA sequencing map to decipher the immune dynamics during human LUAD development. We found that T follicular helper (Tfh)-like cells, germinal center B cells, and dysfunctional CD8+ T cells increase during tumor initiation/invasion and form a tertiary lymphoid structure (TLS) inside the tumor. This TLS starts with an aggregation of CD4+ T cells and the generation of CXCL13-expressing Tfh-like cells, followed by an accumulation of B cells, and then forms a CD4+ T and B cell aggregate. TLS and its associated cells are correlated with better patient survival. Inhibiting TLS formation by Tfh or B cell depletion promotes tumor growth in mouse models. The anti-tumoral effect of the Tfh-dependent TLS is mediated through interleukin-21 (IL-21)-IL-21 receptor signaling. Our study establishes an anti-tumoral role of the Tfh-dependent TLS in the development of LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Estruturas Linfoides Terciárias , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores , Estruturas Linfoides Terciárias/patologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488191

RESUMO

Lysosomes play a central role in biochemical signal transduction and oxidative stress in cells. Inducing lysosome membrane penetration (LMP) to cause lysosomal-dependent cell death (LCD) in tumor cells is an effective strategy for cancer therapy. Chemical drugs can destroy the stability of lysosomes by neutralizing protons within the lysosomes or enhancing the fragility of the lysosomal membranes. However, there remain several unsolved problems of traditional drugs in LMP induction due to insufficient lysosomal targeting, fast metabolism, and toxicity in normal cells. With the development of nanotechnology, magnetic nanoparticles have been demonstrated to target lysosomes naturally, providing a versatile tool for lysosomal modulation. Combined with excellent tissue penetration and spatiotemporal manipulability of magnetic fields, magnetic modulation of lysosomes progresses rapidly in inducing LMP and LCD for cancer therapy. This review comprehensively discussed the strategies of magnetic modulation of lysosomes for cancer therapy. The intrinsic mechanisms of LMP-induced LCD were first introduced. Then, the modulation of lysosomes by diverse physical outputs of magnetic fields was emphatically discussed. Looking forward, this review will shed the light on the prospect of magnetic modulation of lysosomes, inspiring future research of magnetic modulation strategy in cancer therapy. This article is categorized under: Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Emerging Technologies Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Nanomedicine for Oncologic Disease Nanotechnology Approaches to Biology > Nanoscale Systems in Biology.


Assuntos
Membranas Intracelulares , Neoplasias , Humanos , Morte Celular/fisiologia , Membranas Intracelulares/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fenômenos Magnéticos
13.
Fitoterapia ; 175: 105915, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508499

RESUMO

Four undescribed ginkgolides, including two rare sesquiterpene ginkgolides (compounds 1 and 2) and two diterpenoid ginkgolides (compounds 3 and 4), were isolated from Ginkgo biloba L. The structures of these four ginkgolides were identified based on extensive spectroscopic analysis, DP4+ probability analysis and X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited excellent antiplatelet aggregation activities with IC50 values of 1.20 ± 0.25 and 4.11 ± 0.34 µM, respectively.

14.
Environ Int ; 185: 108540, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428191

RESUMO

The contamination characteristics, migration patterns and health risks of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) were investigated in 66 Chinese paper products by using target and non-target screening methods. Among 57 target PFASs, 5 and 6 PFASs were found in the hygiene paper products (

Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Fluorocarbonos , Humanos , Fluorocarbonos/análise , Etanol , Alimentos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , China , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/análise
15.
Metabolomics ; 20(2): 38, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460055

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Changes in the categories and concentrations of salivary metabolites may be closely related to oral, intestinal or systemic diseases. To study salivary metabolites, the first analytical step is to extract them from saliva samples as much as possible, while reducing interferences to a minimum. Frequently used extraction methods are protein precipitation (PPT), liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) and solid-phase extraction (SPE), with various organic solvents. The types and quantities of metabolites extracted with different methods may vary greatly, but few studies have systematically evaluated them. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to select the most suitable methods and solvents for the extraction of saliva according to different analytical targets. METHODS: An untargeted metabolomics approach based on liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was applied to obtain the raw data. The numbers of metabolites, repeatability of the data and intensities of mass spectrometry signals were used as evaluation criteria. RESULTS: PPT resulted in the highest coverage. Among the PPT solvents, acetonitrile displayed the best repeatability and the highest coverage, while acetone resulted in the best signal intensities for the extracted compounds. LLE with the mixture of chloroform and methanol was the most suitable for the extraction of small hydrophobic compounds. CONCLUSION: PPT with acetonitrile or acetone was recommended for untargeted analysis, while LLE with the mixture of chloroform and methanol was recommended for small hydrophobic compounds.


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Metanol , Solventes/química , Metabolômica/métodos , Metanol/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Clorofórmio , Acetona , Saliva , Acetonitrilas
16.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to validate the prognostic implication of uncertain resection, R(un), proposed by International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) and evaluate the prognostic value of spread through air spaces (STAS) in reclassifying the R classification among patients with lung adenocarcinoma after segmentectomy. METHODS: We enrolled 1007 patients who underwent segmentectomy for c-stage IA lung adenocarcinoma between 2014 and 2017. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared to evaluate the prognostic value of IASLC-R(un) and STAS. Whether STAS would skip into complementary lobectomy was evaluated in a prospective cohort. RESULTS: The current IASLC-R(un) failed to significantly stratify the RFS (P = .078) in segmentectomy, and STAS was a stronger risk factor of poor prognosis for both RFS and OS (P < .001). Moreover, the presence of STAS was associated with increased locoregional recurrence in patients undergoing segmentectomy (P < .001) but not in those treated with lobectomy (P = .187), indicating that only STAS-positive segmentectomy was consistent with the concept of R(un) in relapse pattern. After reclassifying STAS-positive segmentectomy into the R(un) category, the proposed R(un) showed an improvement in prognosis stratification. In addition, 2 of 30 patients (6.2%) in the prospective cohort who underwent initial segmentectomy and complementary lobectomy had STAS clusters in the complementary lobectomy specimens. CONCLUSIONS: Unfavorable prognosis, relapse patterns consistent with R(un), and pathologic verification that saltatory spread of STAS observed in complementary lobectomy specimens supported reclassifying STAS-positive segmentectomy as R(un). STAS is a critical concern for the surgical completeness evaluation after segmentectomy.

17.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 65(4)2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38539042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It has been demonstrated that neoadjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) plus chemotherapy was safe and feasible referred to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for patients with non-small cell lung cancer undergoing sleeve lobectomy. Nevertheless, no survival data were reported in the previous researches. Therefore, we conducted this study to compare neoadjuvant ICI plus chemotherapy versus neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by sleeve lobectomy for long-term survival outcomes. METHODS: Patients who underwent bronchial sleeve lobectomy following neoadjuvant ICI plus chemotherapy or neoadjuvant chemotherapy were retrospectively identified. Treatment response, perioperative outcomes, event-free survival and overall survival were compared between groups in the overall and the inverse probability of treatment weighting-adjusted cohort. RESULTS: A total of 139 patients with 39 lung cancer recurrence and 21 death were included. Among them, 83 (59.7%) and 56 (40.3%) patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and neoadjuvant ICI plus chemotherapy, respectively. After inverse probability of treatment weighting, more patients achieved complete pathological response in the neoadjuvant ICI plus chemotherapy group (6.0% vs 26.3%, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference regarding overall postoperative complication (23.8% vs 20.2%, P = 0.624) and specific complications (all P > 0.05). Patients receiving neoadjuvant ICI plus chemotherapy had favourable event-free survival (hazard ratio 0.37, 95% confidence interval 0.16-0.85, P = 0.020) and overall survival (hazard ratio 0.23, 95% confidence interval 0.06-0.80, P = 0.021). Multivariable analysis revealed that neoadjuvant ICI plus chemotherapy was an independent predictor for favourable event-free survival (hazard ratio 0.37, 95% confidence interval 0.15-0.86, P = 0.020, adjusted for clinical TNM stage). CONCLUSIONS: Neoadjuvant ICI plus chemotherapy was correlated with favourable long-term survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer undergoing sleeve lobectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia
18.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(4): 167106, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428685

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BLCA) is one of the most prevalent malignancies worldwide with a high mortality rate and poor response to immunotherapy in patients expressing lower programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) levels. Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), a rate-limiting enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) from nicotinamide was reported to be overexpressed in various cancers; however, the role of NAMPT in BLCA is obscure. Immunohistochemistry of tissue microarrays, a real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, proliferation assay, NAD+ quantification, transwell-migration assay, and colony-formation assay were performed to measure NAMPT and PD-L1 expression levels in patients and the effect of NAMPT inhibition on T24 cells. Our study revealed that NAMPT expression was upregulated in BLCA patients with different grades and associated with poor T-cell infiltration. Notably, FK866-mediated NAMPT inhibition decreased cell viability by depleting NAD+, and reducing the migration ability and colony-formation ability of T24 cells. Interestingly, NAMPT negatively regulated PD-L1 under an interferon (IFN)-γ-mediated microenvironment. However, exogenous NAMPT activator has no effect on PD-L1. NAD+ supplementation also only increased PD-L1 in the absence of IFN-γ. Conclusively, NAMPT is crucial for BLCA tumorigenic properties, and it regulates expression of the PD-L1 immune checkpoint protein. NAMPT could be considered a target for modulating sensitivity to immunotherapy.


Assuntos
NAD , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , NAD/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Microambiente Tumoral
19.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 20: 571-582, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496322

RESUMO

Purpose: Schizophrenia patients show impaired conditional reasoning. This study was to investigate event-related potential (ERP) characteristics of the conditional reasoning in schizophrenia. Patients and methods: Participants included 24 schizophrenia patients and 30 normal controls (NCs), and the measurements of ERPs were conducted during the Wason selection task. Results: Results showed that NCs consistently outperformed schizophrenia patients in terms of accuracy. Among the different rule types of the task, the precautionary type experiment yielded the highest accuracy rates. In contrast, both the descriptive and abstract type experiments resulted in lower accuracy. The RTs of the abstract type experiment were the shortest among the four experiments. In the abstract type of the Wason selection task, the NCs exhibited higher amplitudes for both the N1 and P2 components compared to the schizophrenia patients. At the parietal lobe, the N2 amplitudes were higher for the social contract type of the task compared to the precautionary version. At the frontal lobe, the N2 amplitudes were highest for the abstract type of the task. In the abstract type, the N2 amplitude at the parietal lobe was higher than that at the central lobe. The NCs displayed lower amplitudes for both the P3 and slow wave compared to the schizophrenia patients. Differences were observed between the NC and schizophrenia groups in terms of the latencies for N1, P2, N2, P3 and slow wave components across different experiment types and regions of interest. Conclusion: In conclusion, the observed ERP patterns provide valuable insights into the neural mechanisms underlying the Wason selection task, highlighting the differences between NCs and patients with schizophrenia.

20.
Clin Chem ; 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optical genome mapping (OGM) is a novel assay for detecting structural variants (SVs) and has been retrospectively evaluated for its performance. However, its prospective evaluation in prenatal diagnosis remains unreported. This study aimed to prospectively assess the technical concordance of OGM with standard of care (SOC) testing in prenatal diagnosis. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 204 pregnant women was enrolled in this study. Amniotic fluid samples from these women were subjected to OGM and SOC testing, which included chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and karyotyping (KT) in parallel. The diagnostic yield of OGM was evaluated, and the technical concordance between OGM and SOC testing was assessed. RESULTS: OGM successfully analyzed 204 cultured amniocyte samples, even with a cell count as low as 0.24 million. In total, 60 reportable SVs were identified through combined OGM and SOC testing, with 22 SVs detected by all 3 techniques. The diagnostic yield for OGM, CMA, and KT was 25% (51/204), 22.06% (45/204), and 18.14% (37/204), respectively. The highest diagnostic yield (29.41%, 60/204) was achieved when OGM and KT were used together. OGM demonstrated a concordance of 95.56% with CMA and 75.68% with KT in this cohort study. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that OGM can be effectively applied in prenatal diagnosis using cultured amniocytes and exhibits high concordance with SOC testing. The combined use of OGM and KT appears to yield the most promising diagnostic outcomes.

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