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1.
Biol Methods Protoc ; 9(1): bpae037, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863526

RESUMO

Molecular techniques that recover unknown sequences next to a known sequence region have been widely applied in various molecular studies, such as chromosome walking, identification of the insertion site of transposon mutagenesis, fusion gene partner, and chromosomal breakpoints, as well as targeted sequencing library preparation. Although various techniques have been introduced for efficiency enhancement, searching for relevant single molecular event present in a large-sized genome remains challenging. Here, the optimized ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was developed and successfully identified chromosomal breakpoints far away from the exon of the new exon junction without the need for nested PCR. In addition to recovering unknown sequences next to a known sequence region, the high efficiency of the method could also improve the performance of targeted  next-generation sequencing (NGS).

2.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm for the automated localization and measurement of levator hiatus (LH) dimensions (AI-LH) using 3-D pelvic floor ultrasound. METHODS: The AI-LH included a 3-D plane regression model and a 2-D segmentation model, which first achieved automated localization of the minimal LH dimension plane (C-plane) and measurement of the hiatal area (HA) on maximum Valsalva on the rendered LH images, but not on the C-plane. The dataset included 600 volumetric data. We compared AI-LH with sonographer difference (ASD) as well as the inter-sonographer differences (IESD) in the testing dataset (n = 240). The assessment encompassed the mean absolute error (MAE) for the angle and center point distance of the C-plane, along with the Dice coefficient, MAE, and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) for HA, and included the time consumption. RESULTS: The MAE of the C-plane of ASD was 4.81 ± 2.47° with 1.92 ± 1.54 mm. AI-LH achieved a mean Dice coefficient of 0.93 for LH segmentation. The MAE on HA of ASD (1.44 ± 1.12 mm²) was lower than that of IESD (1.63 ± 1.58 mm²). The ICC on HA of ASD (0.964) was higher than that of IESD (0.949). The average time costs of AI-LH and manual measurement were 2.00 ± 0.22 s and 59.60 ± 2.63 s (t = 18.87, p < 0.01), respectively. CONCLUSION: AI-LH is accurate, reliable, and robust in the localization and measurement of LH dimensions, which can shorten the time cost, simplify the operation process, and have good value in clinical applications.

3.
ACS Sens ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771707

RESUMO

Flexible, air permeable and elastic self-powered sensors for human motion monitoring and assisted medical rehabilitation have recently become a hot research topic. However, most current piezoelectric sensors can not account for many characteristics. Addressing this challenge, an all-textile piezoelectric sensor (ATPS) based on 3D structured knitted fabric electrodes is reported. The ATPS consists of a piezoelectric element polyvinylidene fluoride nanofiber membrane, flexible knitted fabric electrodes, and an elastic self-adhesive bandage. Based on the flexible and efficient knitting technology, the sensor has the advantages of low cost, flexibility, simple structure, and convenient large-area manufacturing. Experimental and finite element simulation results show that the knitting pattern of fabric electrodes can enhance the piezoelectric output of ATPS. The optimal ATPS has a high voltage response sensitivity of up to 0.68 V/kPa. The proposed ATPS responds to a wide range of input forces from 0.098 to 724 N in self-powered mode, verifying its feasibility as a tactile sensor for human motion detection and recognition (throat swallowing, wrist bending, elbow bending, knee bending, walking slowly, running fast) and as a pressure sensor (Morse code, digit recognition) and demonstrating its potential for motion tracking, medical rehabilitation, and human-computer interaction.

5.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1333553, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38414823

RESUMO

Introduction: Hypertriglyceridemia is the most prevalent dyslipidemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, research about fibrate treatment in CKD patients is limited, and assessing its benefits becomes challenging due to the frequent concurrent use of statins. Thus, this study is aimed to investigate the role of fibrate in CKD stage 3 patients with hypertriglyceridemia who did not receive other lipid-lowering agents. Methods: This study enrolled patients newly diagnosed CKD3 with LDL-C<100mg/dL and had never received statin or other lipid-lowering agents from Chang Gung Research Database. The participants were categorized into 2 groups based on the use of fibrate: fibrate group and non-fibrate group (triglyceride >200mg/dL but not receiving fibrate treatment). The inverse probability of treatment weighting was performed to balance baseline characteristics. Results: Compared with the non-fibrate group (n=2020), the fibrate group (n=705) exhibited significantly lower risks of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) (10.4% vs. 12.8%, hazard ratios [HRs]: 0.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.50 to 0.95), AMI (2.3% vs. 3.9%, HR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.37 to 0.73), and ischemic stroke (6.3% vs. 8.0%, HR: 0.67, 95% CI: 0.52 to 0.85). The risk of all-cause mortality (5.1% vs. 4.5%, HR: 1.09, 95% CI: 0.67 to 1.79) and death from CV (2.8% vs. 2.3%, HR: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.29 to 2.33) did not significantly differ between the 2 groups. Conclusion: This study suggests that, in moderate CKD patients with hypertriglyceridemia but LDL-C < 100mg/dL who did not take other lipid-lowering agents, fibrates may be beneficial in reducing cardiovascular events.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Hiperlipidemias , Hipertrigliceridemia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Ácidos Fíbricos/uso terapêutico , LDL-Colesterol , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Hipertrigliceridemia/complicações , Hipertrigliceridemia/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/induzido quimicamente
6.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 158, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38395822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study presents CUPID, an advanced automated measurement software based on Artificial Intelligence (AI), designed to evaluate nine fetal biometric parameters in the mid-trimester. Our primary objective was to assess and compare the CUPID performance of experienced senior and junior radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at Shenzhen University General Hospital between September 2022 and June 2023, and focused on mid-trimester fetuses. All ultrasound images of the six standard planes, that enabled the evaluation of nine biometric measurements, were included to compare the performance of CUPID through subjective and objective assessments. RESULTS: There were 642 fetuses with a mean (±SD) age of 22 ± 2.82 weeks at enrollment. In the subjective quality assessment, out of 642 images representing nine biometric measurements, 617-635 images (90.65-96.11%) of CUPID caliper placements were determined to be accurately placed and did not require any adjustments. Whereas, for the junior category, 447-691 images (69.63-92.06%) were determined to be accurately placed and did not require any adjustments. In the objective measurement indicators, across all nine biometric parameters and estimated fetal weight (EFW), the intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) (0.843-0.990) and Pearson correlation coefficients (PCC) (0.765-0.978) between the senior radiologist and CUPID reflected good reliability compared with the ICC (0.306-0.937) and PCC (0.566-0.947) between the senior and junior radiologists. Additionally, the mean absolute error (MAE), percentage error (PE), and average error in days of gestation were lower between the senior and CUPID compared to the difference between the senior and junior radiologists. The specific differences are as follows: MAE (0.36-2.53 mm, 14.67 g) compared to (0.64- 8.13 mm, 38.05 g), PE (0.94-9.38%) compared to (1.58-16.04%), and average error in days (3.99-7.92 days) compared to (4.35-11.06 days). In the time-consuming task, CUPID only takes 0.05-0.07 s to measure nine biometric parameters, while senior and junior radiologists require 4.79-11.68 s and 4.95-13.44 s, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CUPID has proven to be highly accurate and efficient software for automatically measuring fetal biometry, gestational age, and fetal weight, providing a precise and fast tool for assessing fetal growth and development.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Peso Fetal , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Desenvolvimento Fetal , Idade Gestacional , Software , Biometria
7.
Natl Sci Rev ; 11(2): nwad066, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38213518

RESUMO

We review recent progress in the electronic structure study of intrinsic magnetic topological insulators (MnBi2Te4) · (Bi2Te3)n ([Formula: see text]) family. Specifically, we focus on the ubiquitously (nearly) gapless behavior of the topological Dirac surface state observed by photoemission spectroscopy, even though a large Dirac gap is expected because of surface ferromagnetic order. The dichotomy between experiment and theory concerning this gap behavior is perhaps the most critical and puzzling question in this frontier. We discuss various proposals accounting for the lack of magnetic effect on the topological Dirac surface state, which are mainly categorized into two pictures, magnetic reconfiguration and topological surface state redistribution. Band engineering towards opening a magnetic gap of topological surface states provides great opportunities to realize quantized topological transport and axion electrodynamics at higher temperatures.

8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 97, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunological nonresponders (INRs) living with HIV are at increased risk of co-infection and multiple tumors, with no effective strategy currently available to restore their T-cell immune response. This study aimed to explore the safety and efficacy of thymosin α1 in reconstituting the immune response in INRs. METHODS: INRs with CD4 + T cell counts between 100 and 350 cells/µL were enrolled and received two-staged 1.6 mg thymosin α1 subcutaneous injections for 24 weeks (daily in the first 2 weeks and biweekly in the subsequent 22 weeks) while continuing antiretroviral therapy. T cell counts and subsets, the expression of PD-1 and TIM-3 on T cells, and signal joint T cell receptor excision circles (sjTREC) at week 24 were evaluated as endpoints. RESULTS: Twenty three INRs were screened for eligibility, and 20 received treatment. The majority were male (19/20), with a median age of 48.1 years (interquartile range: 40.5-57.0) and had received antiretroviral therapy for 5.0 (3.0, 7.3) years. Multiple comparisons indicated that CD4 + T cell count and sjTREC increased after initiation of treatment, although no significant differences were observed at week 24 compared to baseline. Greatly, levels of CD4 + T cell proportion (17.2% vs. 29.1%, P < 0.001), naïve CD4 + and CD8 + T cell proportion (17.2% vs. 41.1%, P < 0.001; 13.8% vs. 26.6%, P = 0.008) significantly increased. Meanwhile, the proportion of CD4 + central memory T cells of HIV latent hosts (42.7% vs. 10.3%, P < 0.001) significantly decreased. Moreover, the expression of PD-1 on CD4 + T cells (14.1% vs. 6.5%, P < 0.001) and CD8 + T cells (8.5% vs. 4.1%, P < 0.001) decreased, but the expression of TIM-3 on T cellsremained unaltered at week 24. No severe adverse events were reported and HIV viral loads kept stable throughout the study. CONCLUSIONS: Thymosin α1 enhance CD4 + T cell count and thymic output albeit as a trend rather than an endpoint. Importantly, it improves immunosenescence and decreases immune exhaustion, warranting further investigation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This single-arm prospective study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04963712) on July 15, 2021.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Timalfasina/uso terapêutico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Estudos Prospectivos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Imunidade
9.
Respir Care ; 69(5): 549-556, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D)-printed models are cost-effective and can be customized by trainers. This study designed a 3D-printed airway suction simulator for use by respiratory therapy (RT) students. The objective was to demonstrate the cost-effectiveness and application of 3D-printed models in respiratory care training, aiming to enhance the educational experience for RT students. METHODS: This study developed a 3D-printed airway suction simulator that was cost-effective. A randomized controlled trial was conducted involving RT students to compare effectiveness in a 3D-model group and a control group. Skill assessments and written examinations were used to evaluate the participants' knowledge and skills. RESULTS: A total of 38 second-year RT students were randomly assigned to either the 3D-model group (n = 19) or the control group (n = 19). One participant in the 3D-model group was lost to follow-up during the planned direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) assessment and satisfaction questionnaire completion. The posttest written examination scores were significantly higher in the 3D-model group than in the control group (100% vs 80%, P = .02). The scores from the DOPS and satisfaction questionnaire were comparable in the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that 3D printing can be used to create a safe and cost-effective airway suction simulator for use by RT students, with potential to enhance training methods. Further research is necessary.

10.
Med Image Anal ; 92: 103061, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38086235

RESUMO

The Segment Anything Model (SAM) is the first foundation model for general image segmentation. It has achieved impressive results on various natural image segmentation tasks. However, medical image segmentation (MIS) is more challenging because of the complex modalities, fine anatomical structures, uncertain and complex object boundaries, and wide-range object scales. To fully validate SAM's performance on medical data, we collected and sorted 53 open-source datasets and built a large medical segmentation dataset with 18 modalities, 84 objects, 125 object-modality paired targets, 1050K 2D images, and 6033K masks. We comprehensively analyzed different models and strategies on the so-called COSMOS 1050K dataset. Our findings mainly include the following: (1) SAM showed remarkable performance in some specific objects but was unstable, imperfect, or even totally failed in other situations. (2) SAM with the large ViT-H showed better overall performance than that with the small ViT-B. (3) SAM performed better with manual hints, especially box, than the Everything mode. (4) SAM could help human annotation with high labeling quality and less time. (5) SAM was sensitive to the randomness in the center point and tight box prompts, and may suffer from a serious performance drop. (6) SAM performed better than interactive methods with one or a few points, but will be outpaced as the number of points increases. (7) SAM's performance correlated to different factors, including boundary complexity, intensity differences, etc. (8) Finetuning the SAM on specific medical tasks could improve its average DICE performance by 4.39% and 6.68% for ViT-B and ViT-H, respectively. Codes and models are available at: https://github.com/yuhoo0302/Segment-Anything-Model-for-Medical-Images. We hope that this comprehensive report can help researchers explore the potential of SAM applications in MIS, and guide how to appropriately use and develop SAM.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
11.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 164(2): 605-612, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37723982

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of repeated dilatation and curettage or hysteroscopic biopsy on fetomaternal outcomes in patients receiving progestin treatment for endometrial hyperplasia or early-stage carcinoma. METHOD: This was a population-based study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database between 2009 and 2017 of women who gave birth and had a history of endometrial hyperplasia and early-stage carcinoma treated with progestins. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) reflecting the association between repeated procedures and fetomaternal outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 6956 women with 8690 deliveries were identified. Compared with those who had two or fewer procedures, women who received more than two procedures had a significantly higher risk for cervical insufficiency (aOR, 5.09 [95 CI, 2.31-11.24]). Furthermore, women who had more than two procedures were prone to have adverse neonatal outcomes, including Apgar score < 7 at 1 min (aOR, 1.97 [95% CI, 1.13-3.43]) and 5 min (aOR, 3.11 [95% CI, 1.33-7.23]) and preterm delivery <32 weeks (aOR, 2.86 [95% CI, 1.50-5.45]). CONCLUSION: Undergoing more than two procedures was associated with subsequent maternal cervical insufficiency, preterm delivery <32 weeks, and low neonatal Apgar score. Health care providers should be aware of the potential risks and balance the benefits and harms of repeated procedures.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Hiperplasia Endometrial , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Nascimento Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Feminino , Progestinas , Hiperplasia Endometrial/patologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Taiwan , Dilatação e Curetagem , Biópsia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(23)2023 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38068984

RESUMO

Despite recent advancements, therapies against advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remain ineffective, resulting in unsatisfactory therapeutic outcomes. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) offers a promising approach in the treatment of malignant neoplasms. Although the effects of CAP in abrogating OSCC have been explored, the exact mechanisms driving CAP-induced cancer cell death and the changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression are not fully understood. We fabricated and calibrated an argon-CAP device to explore the effects of CAP irradiation on the growth and expression of oncogenic miRNAs in OSCC. The analysis revealed that, in OSCC cell lines following CAP irradiation, there was a significant reduction in viability; a downregulation of miR-21, miR-31, miR-134, miR-146a, and miR-211 expression; and an inactivation of the v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signals. Pretreatment with blockers of apoptosis, autophagy, and ferroptosis synergistically reduced CAP-induced cell death, indicating a combined induction of variable death pathways via CAP. Combined treatments using death inhibitors and miRNA mimics, alongside the activation of AKT and ERK following the exogenous expression, counteracted the cell mortality associated with CAP. The CAP-induced downregulation of miR-21, miR-31, miR-187, and miR-211 expression was rescued through survival signaling. Additionally, CAP irradiation notably inhibited the growth of SAS OSCC cell xenografts on nude mice. The reduced expression of oncogenic miRNAs in vivo aligned with in vitro findings. In conclusion, our study provides new lines of evidence demonstrating that CAP irradiation diminishes OSCC cell viability by abrogating survival signals and oncogenic miRNA expression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/radioterapia , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
13.
PLoS One ; 18(12): e0295044, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38157338

RESUMO

With the scarcity of water resources in various regions, the pressure on water supply projects is also increasing, which has led to a sharp increase in the water hammer effect in water supply pump projects. In response to this issue, the study proposes to apply a unidirectional pressure regulating tower based on mechanical hydraulic technology to water hammer protection in water supply pumps. In addition, the study also optimizes the calculation method of water hammer and designs one simulation software, which is used to simulate and analyze the proposed water hammer protection measures. The study first determines through simulation software that the optimal initial water level of the unidirectional pressure regulating tower is 2m and the optimal diameter of the make-up water pipe is 600 mm. Afterwards, simulation analysis is conducted on different water hammer protection measures, and it is found that the maximum pressure of the water hammer under the proposed protection measures is the lowest, at 14.8m, which was lower than the comparison measures. In addition, according to expert ratings, the average protective effect rating of protective measure 1 by relevant technical personnel is 9.4 points, which is better than the comparative measure. The above results indicate that through the simulation analysis of hydraulic transition process based on mechanical hydraulics, it can be found that the water hammer protection measures proposed in the study have good protective functions and can effectively reduce the water hammer effect in water supply engineering.


Assuntos
Abastecimento de Água , Água , Simulação por Computador , Água/fisiologia
14.
Int J Gen Med ; 16: 4795-4804, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37908758

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: There is an overall paucity of data regarding the human toxicity of chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin pesticide mixture. Both organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides are metabolized by carboxylesterases. Thus, its pesticide combination, organophosphates may boost the toxicity of pyrethroids via inhibited its detoxification by carboxylesterases. This study examined the clinical course, laboratory tests, and outcomes of patients with chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin or their pesticide mixture poisoning, and to determine what association, if any, might exist between these findings. Patients and Methods: Between 2000 and 2021, 121 patients poisoned with chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, or their pesticide mixture were treated at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Patients were categorized as chlorpyrifos (n=82), cypermethrin (n=27) or chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin (n=12) groups. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and mortality data were collected for analysis. Results: The patients experienced a broad range of clinical symptoms, including aspiration pneumonia (44.6%), salivation (42.5%), acute respiratory failure (41.3%), acute kidney injury (13.9%), seizures (7.5%), hypotension (2.6%), etc. Leukocytosis (12,700±6600 /uL) and elevated serum C-reactive protein level (36.8±50.4 mg/L) were common. The acute respiratory failure rate was 41.3%, comprising 48.8% in chlorpyrifos, 11.1% in cypermethrin as well as 58.3% in chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin poisoning. Patients with chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin pesticide mixture poisoning suffered higher rates of acute respiratory failure (P=0.001) and salivation (P=0.001), but lower Glasgow Coma Scale score (P=0.011) and serum cholinesterase level (P<0.001) than other groups. A total of 17 (14.0%) patients expired. The mortality rate was 14.0%, including 17.1% in chlorpyrifos, 3.7% in cypermethrin as well as 16.7% in chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin poisoning. No significant differences in mortality rate were noted (P=0.214). Conclusion: Chlorpyrifos pesticide accounted for the major toxicity of the pesticide mixture. While the data show a higher rate of respiratory failure in the chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin pesticide mixture group than others, other measures of toxicity such as mortality and length of stay were not increased.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(48): 55790-55802, 2023 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38009467

RESUMO

Flexible and wearable devices are drawing increasing attention due to their promising applications in energy harvesting and sensing. However, the application of wearable devices still faces great challenges, such as flexibility, repeatability, and biodegradability. Biopiezoelectric materials have been regarded as favorable energy-harvesting sources due to their nontoxicity and biocompatibility. Here, a wearable and biodegradable sensor is proposed to monitor human activities. The proposed sensor is fabricated via a low-cost, facile, and scalable electrospinning technology from nanofibers composed of eggshell membranes mixed with polyethylene oxide. It is shown that the sensor exhibits excellent flexibility, outstanding degradability, and mechanical stability over 3000 cycles under periodic stimulation. The device displays multiple potential applications, including the recognition of different objects, human motion monitoring, and active voice recognition. Finally, it is shown that the composite nanofiber membrane has good degradability and breathability. With excellent sensing performance, environmental friendliness, and ease of processing, the eggshell membrane-based sensor could be a promising candidate for greener and more environmentally friendly devices for application in implantable and wearable electronics.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Animais , Casca de Ovo , Eletrônica , Movimento (Física)
16.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 59(10)2023 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37893536

RESUMO

Introduction: Concomitant nerve injuries with musculoskeletal injuries present a challenging problem. The goals of nerve reconstruction for the shoulder include shoulder abduction and external rotation. When patients fail to achieve acceptable shoulder external rotation and shoulder abduction, tendon transfers such as trapezius transfer offer a reliable option in the subsequent stage. Case Presentation: A 32-year-old male presented with weak external rotation in his left shoulder, after previous axillary nerve reconstruction. He received the ipsilateral lower trapezius transfer with the aim of improving the external rotation. Discussion: The lower trapezius restores a better joint reaction force in both the compressive-distractive and anterior-posterior balancing and provides a centering force through the restoration of the anterior-posterior force couple. Conclusion: We believe that the ipsilateral lower trapezius transfer to the infraspinatus is a good outcome and is effective in improving overall shoulder stability and the shoulder external rotation moment arm or at least maintaining in neutral position with the arm fully adducted in patients with post axillary nerve injuries post unsatisfactory nerve reconstruction to increase the quality of life and activities of daily living.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/complicações , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso/cirurgia , Transferência Tendinosa , Atividades Cotidianas , Qualidade de Vida , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 49(9): 2006-2016, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37291008

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at developing a first-trimester standard plane detection (FTSPD) system that can automatically locate nine standard planes in ultrasound videos and investigating its utility in clinical practice. METHODS: The FTSPD system, based on the YOLOv3 network, was developed to detect structures and evaluate the quality of plane images by using a pre-defined scoring system. A total of 220 videos from two different ultrasound scanners were collected to compare detection performance between our FTSPD system and sonographers with different levels of experience. The quality of the detected standard planes was quantitatively rated by an expert according to a scoring protocol. Kolmogorov-Smirnov analysis was used to compare the distributions of scores across all nine standard planes. RESULTS: The expert-rated scores indicated that the quality of the standard planes detected by the FTSPD system was on par with that of the planes detected by senior sonographers. There were no significant differences in the distributions of the scores across all nine standard planes. The FTSPD system performed significantly better than junior sonographers in five standard plane types. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that our FTSPD system has significant potential for detecting standard planes in first-trimester ultrasound screening, which may help to improve the accuracy of fetal ultrasound screening and facilitate early diagnosis of abnormalities. The quality of the standard planes selected by junior sonographers can be significantly improved with the assistance of our FTSPD system.


Assuntos
Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos
19.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 59(5)2023 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37241218

RESUMO

The patellofemoral joint involves a combination of bony structures and soft tissues to maintain stability. Patella instability is a disabling condition, and the cause is multifactorial. The main risk factors include patella alta, trochlea dysplasia, excessive tibial tuberosity to trochlea grove (TT-TG) distance, and excessive lateral patella tilt. In this case report, we highlight the thinking process of diagnosis and method for selecting the optimal treatment in accordance with the guidelines by Dejour et al. when we are presented with a patient with patella instability. A 20-year-old Asian woman without underlying medical conditions, presented with recurrent (>3 episodes) right patella dislocation for 7 years. Investigations revealed a type D trochlea dysplasia, increased TT-TG distance, and excessive lateral tilt angle. She underwent trochlea sulcus deepening, sulcus lateralization and lateral facet elevation, lateral retinacular release, and medial quadriceps tendon-femoral ligament (MQTFL) reconstruction. Due to the complexity behind the anatomy and biomechanics of patella instability, an easy-to-follow treatment algorithm is essential for the treating surgeon to provide effective and efficient treatment. MQTFL reconstruction is recommended for recurrent patella dislocation due to satisfactory clinical and patient reported outcomes and a reduced risk of iatrogenic patella fracture. Controversies for surgical indication in lateral retinacular release, and whether the sulcus angle is an accurate parameter for diagnosis of trochlea dysplasia, remain, and further research is required.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular , Luxação Patelar , Articulação Patelofemoral , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Patela , Luxação Patelar/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação Patelar/etiologia , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Fêmur , Tíbia/cirurgia , Instabilidade Articular/etiologia , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia
20.
Toxics ; 11(4)2023 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37112599

RESUMO

There is limited literature analyzing the outcome of human poisoning with methomyl and cypermethrin pesticide mixture. Between 2002 and 2018, a total of 63 patients intoxicated with methomyl, cypermethrin, or their pesticide mixture were treated at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. The patients were categorized into three groups based on the type of pesticide, as methomyl (n = 10), cypermethrin (n = 31), or methomyl and cypermethrin (n = 22). Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and mortality data were obtained for analysis. The patients were aged 54.9 ± 18.9 years. Following ingestion, the patients experienced a wide range of clinical symptoms, including aspiration pneumonia (50.8%), acute respiratory failure (41.3%), acute kidney injury (33.3%), multiple organ failure (19.0%), emesis (19.0%), acute hepatitis (12.7%), diarrhea (7.9%), seizures (4.8%), lacrimation (4.8%), etc. After analysis, it was found that patients with methomyl and cypermethrin poisoning suffered higher incidences of acute respiratory failure (p < 0.001), aspiration pneumonia (p = 0.004), acute kidney injury (p = 0.011), and multiple organ failure (p < 0.001) than the other groups. Laboratory analyses revealed that patients with methomyl and cypermethrin poisoning had a higher creatinine level (p = 0.011), white blood cell count (p < 0.001), and neutrophil count (p = 0.019) than the other groups. A total of seven (11.1%) patients died. The average duration of hospitalization was 9.8 ± 10.0 days. In a multivariate logistic regression model, it was revealed that methomyl pesticide (p = 0.045) or methomyl and cypermethrin pesticide mixture (p = 0.013) were significant risk factors for acute respiratory failure. Nevertheless, no mortality risk factor could be identified. Therefore, the analytical results suggest that methomyl pesticide is the major contributor to the toxicity of methomyl and cypermethrin pesticide mixture poisoning. More research is needed.

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