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1.
Circ Res ; 134(4): 425-441, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human cardiac long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) profiles in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) were previously analyzed, and the long noncoding RNA CHKB (choline kinase beta) divergent transcript (CHKB-DT) levels were found to be mostly downregulated in the heart. In this study, the function of CHKB-DT in DCM was determined. METHODS: Long noncoding RNA expression levels in the human heart tissues were measured via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization assays. A CHKB-DT heterozygous or homozygous knockout mouse model was generated using the clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 system, and the adeno-associated virus with a cardiac-specific promoter was used to deliver the RNA in vivo. Sarcomere shortening was performed to assess the primary cardiomyocyte contractility. The Seahorse XF cell mitochondrial stress test was performed to determine the energy metabolism and ATP production. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms were explored using quantitative proteomics, ribosome profiling, RNA antisense purification assays, mass spectrometry, RNA pull-down, luciferase assay, RNA-fluorescence in situ hybridization, and Western blotting. RESULTS: CHKB-DT levels were remarkably decreased in patients with DCM and mice with transverse aortic constriction-induced heart failure. Heterozygous knockout of CHKB-DT in cardiomyocytes caused cardiac dilation and dysfunction and reduced the contractility of primary cardiomyocytes. Moreover, CHKB-DT heterozygous knockout impaired mitochondrial function and decreased ATP production as well as cardiac energy metabolism. Mechanistically, ALDH2 (aldehyde dehydrogenase 2) was a direct target of CHKB-DT. CHKB-DT physically interacted with the mRNA of ALDH2 and fused in sarcoma (FUS) through the GGUG motif. CHKB-DT knockdown aggravated ALDH2 mRNA degradation and 4-HNE (4-hydroxy-2-nonenal) production, whereas overexpression of CHKB-DT reversed these molecular changes. Furthermore, restoring ALDH2 expression in CHKB-DT+/- mice alleviated cardiac dilation and dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: CHKB-DT is significantly downregulated in DCM. CHKB-DT acts as an energy metabolism-associated long noncoding RNA and represents a promising therapeutic target against DCM.


Assuntos
Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Camundongos Knockout , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
2.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(2): e14604, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332635

RESUMO

AIM: Repeated exposure to ketamine during the neonatal period in mice leads to cognitive impairments in adulthood. These impairments are likely caused by synaptic plasticity and excitability damage. We investigated the precise role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the cognitive impairments induced by repeated ketamine exposure during the neonatal period. METHODS: We evaluated the cognitive function of mice using the Morris water maze test and novel object recognition test. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to detect the protein levels of BDNF. Western blotting, Golgi-Cox staining, transmission electron microscopy, and long-term potentiation (LTP) recordings were used to assess synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus. The excitability of neurons was evaluated using c-Fos. In the intervention experiment, pAdeno-CaMKIIα-BDNF-mNeuronGreen was injected into the hippocampal CA1 region of mice to increase the level of BDNF. The excitability of neurons was enhanced using a chemogenetic approach. RESULTS: Our findings suggest that cognitive impairments in mice repeatedly exposed to ketamine during the neonatal period are associated with downregulated BDNF protein level, synaptic plasticity damage, and decreased excitability of glutamatergic neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region. Furthermore, the specific upregulation of BDNF in glutamatergic neurons of the hippocampal CA1 region and the enhancement of excitability can improve impaired synaptic plasticity and cognitive function in mice. CONCLUSION: BDNF downregulation mediates synaptic plasticity and excitability damage, leading to cognitive impairments in adulthood following repeated ketamine exposure during the neonatal period.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Ketamina , Camundongos , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Ketamina/toxicidade , Regulação para Baixo , Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(8): 4142-4154, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355398

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the preventive role and underlying mechanisms of fucoxanthin (Fx) on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. The present data demonstrated that oral administration of Fx (50 and 200 mg/kg body weight/day) for 36 days significantly alleviated the severity of colitis in DSS-treated mice, as evidenced by attenuating body weight loss, bloody stool, diarrhea, shortened colon length, colonic epithelium distortion, a thin mucus layer, goblet cell depletion, damaged crypts, and extensive infiltration of inflammatory cells in the colonic mucosa. Additionally, Fx notably relieved DSS-induced intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction via maintaining the tight junction function and preventing excessive apoptosis of colonic epithelial cells. Moreover, Fx effectively diminished colonic inflammation and oxidative stress in DSS-treated mice, and its mechanisms might be due to blunting the activation of NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathways. Furthermore, Fx also modulates DSS-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis via recovering the richness and diversity of gut microbiota and reshaping the structure of gut microbiota, such as increasing the Firmicutes and Bacteroidota (F/B) ratio and elevating the relative abundance of some potential beneficial bacteria, including Lactobacillaceae and Lachnospiraceae. Overall, Fx might be developed as a promising functional ingredient to prevent colitis and maintain intestinal homeostasis.


Assuntos
Colite , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Xantofilas , Camundongos , Animais , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Disbiose/induzido quimicamente , Disbiose/tratamento farmacológico , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colite/metabolismo , Colo/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças
4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(8): 4008-4022, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373191

RESUMO

The vital pathological processes in intimal hyperplasia include aberrant vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation, migration, and phenotypic switching. Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a natural phenolic acid compound. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism of RA in neointimal hyperplasia is still unclear. Our analysis illustrated that miR-25-3p mimics significantly enhanced PDGF-BB-mediated VSMCs proliferation, migration, and phenotypic switching while RA partially weakened the effect of miR-25-3p. Mechanistically, we found that miR-25-3p directly targets sirtuin (SIRT6). The suppressive effect of the miR-25-3p inhibitor on PDGF-BB-induced VSMCs proliferation, migration, and phenotypic switch was partially eliminated by SIRT6 knockdown. The suppression of the PDGF-BB-stimulated Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway that was activated by the miR-25-3p inhibitor was exacerbated by the SIRT6 knockdown. In in vivo experiments, RA reduced the degree of intimal hyperplasia while miR-25-3p agomir partially reversed the suppressive effect of RA in vascular remodeling. Our results indicate that RA activates the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway via the miR-25-3p/SIRT6 axis to inhibit vascular remodeling.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Sirtuínas , Humanos , Becaplermina/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células , Hiperplasia/metabolismo , Hiperplasia/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Remodelação Vascular , Músculo Liso Vascular , Movimento Celular , Transdução de Sinais , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Células Cultivadas , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/farmacologia
5.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1468, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368428

RESUMO

Since thermoelectric materials have different physical and chemical properties, the design of contact layers requires dedicated efforts, and the welding temperatures are distinctly different. Therefore, a general interface design and connection technology can greatly facilitate the development of thermoelectric devices. Herein, we proposed a screening strategy for the contact materials based on the calculation of phase diagram method, and Mg2Ni has been identified as a matched contact layer for n-type Mg3Sb2-based materials. And this screening strategy can be effectively applied to other thermoelectric materials. By adopting the low-temperature sintering silver nanoparticles technology, the Zintl phase thermoelectric device can be fabricated at low temperature but operate at medium temperature. The single-leg n-type Mg3.15Co0.05SbBi0.99Se0.01 device achieves an efficiency of ~13.3%, and a high efficiency of ~11% at the temperature difference of 430 K has been realized for the Zintl phase thermoelectric device comprised together with p-type Yb0.9Mg0.9Zn1.198Ag0.002Sb2. Additionally, the thermal aging and thermal cycle experiments proved the long-term reliability of the Mg2Ni/Mg3.15Co0.05SbBi0.99Se0.01 interface and the nano-silver sintering joints. Our work paves an effective avenue for the development of advanced devices for thermoelectric power generation.

6.
Biochimie ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38395337

RESUMO

Dioclea violacea seed mannose-binding lectin (DvL) has attracted considerable attention because of its interesting biological activities, including antitumor, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. This study evaluated the cytotoxic effect of DvL on tumor and normal cells using the mitochondrial activity reduction (MTT) assay, the carcinogenic and anti-carcinogenic activity by the epithelial tumor test (ETT) in Drosophila melanogaster, and the anti-angiogenic effect by the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay. Data demonstrated that DvL promoted strong selective cytotoxicity against tumor cell lines, especially A549 and S180 cells, whereas normal cell lines were weakly affected. Furthermore, DvL did not promote carcinogenesis in D. melanogaster at any concentration tested, but modulated DXR-induced carcinogenesis at the highest concentrations tested. In the CAM and immunohistochemical assays, DvL inhibited sarcoma 180-induced angiogenesis and promoted the reduction of VEGF and TGF-ß levels at all concentrations tested. Therefore, our results demonstrated that DvL is a potent anticancer, anti-angiogenic, and selective cytotoxic agent for tumor cells, suggesting its potential application as a prototype molecule for the development of new drugs with chemoprotective and/or antitumor effects.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(3): 607-615, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic colitis (IC) is also known as colon ischemia and is caused by colon vascular occlusion or nonocclusion, which results in a reduced blood supply to the colon and is not significant enough to maintain the metabolic function of cells, leading to intestinal wall ischemia. Its main symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and bloody stool. In severe cases, intestinal gangrene, peritonitis, intestinal stenosis and even intestinal obstruction may occur. IC induced by long-term use of certain special drugs is relatively rare in clinical practice. This article describes the clinical diagnosis and treatment of a typical case and provides a new treatment idea for the treatment of IC. CASE SUMMARY: The patient was admitted to the hospital with "abdominal pain for half a month and bloody stool with mucous and pus for 3 d" and was diagnosed with "IC". Symptomatic and supportive treatment, such as antibiotics (levofloxacin), acid inhibition and stomach protection, fluid replenishment, and intravenous nutrition, was given. The patient's colonic ulcers were considered to be related to the oral administration of platelet (PLT)-raising capsules; the patient was asked to stop PLT-raising drugs for selective review via colonoscopy, and antibiotics and mesalazine enteric-coated tablets were stopped. Under the guidance of hematology consultation, 60 mg of methylprednisolone was given in combination with PLT infusion to increase the PLT. After treatment, the patient's condition stabilized, the patient's stool turned yellow, the patient's symptoms improved, and the patient was allowed to leave the hospital. CONCLUSION: PLT-raising capsules can lead to IC, so clinicians should have a full understanding of the application of these drugs in the treatment of various causes of thrombocytopenia, weigh the advantages and disadvantages, and observe patients closely.

8.
Phytochemistry ; 220: 114011, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367793

RESUMO

Chemical investigation of the culture extract of an endophyte Xylaria curta YSJ-5 from Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt. et Smith resulted in the isolation of eight previously undescribed compounds including five eremophilane sesquiterpenes xylarcurenes A-E, one norsesquiterpene xylarcurene F, and two α-pyrone derivatives xylarpyrones A-B together with eight known related derivatives. Their chemical structures were extensively established based on the 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis, modified Mosher's method, electronic circular dichroism calculations, single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments, and the comparison with previous literature data. All these compounds were tested for in vitro cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, α-glucosidase inhibitory, and antibacterial activities. As a result, 6-pentyl-4-methoxy-pyran-2-one was disclosed to display significant antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus with minimal inhibitory concentration value of 6.3 µg/mL.

9.
Sci Adv ; 10(7): eadj4047, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363847

RESUMO

Cortex-like cytoskeleton, a thin layer of cross-linked cytoplasmic proteins underlying the cell membrane, plays an essential role in modulating membrane behavior and cell surface properties. However, bottom-up construction of functional cortex-like cytoskeleton in artificial cells remains a challenge. Here, we present metal-phenolic networks as artificial cortical cytoskeletons in liposome-based artificial cells. The metal-phenolic cytoskeleton-reinforced artificial cells exhibit long-term stability, enhanced resistance to a variety of harsh environments, tunable permeability, and well-controlled morphologies. We anticipate that our stable artificial cell models will stride forward to practical applications of liposome-based microsystem.


Assuntos
Células Artificiais , Lipossomos/metabolismo , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Microtúbulos , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Metais/metabolismo
10.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 69, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), antibacterial weapons of neutrophils (NEs), have been found to play a crucial role in cancer metastasis in recent years. More and more cancer research is focusing on anti-NETs. However, almost all anti-NETs treatments have limitations such as large side effects and limited efficacy. Therefore, exploring new anti-NETs therapeutic strategies is a long-term goal. RESULTS: The transmembrane protein coiled-coil domain containing 25 (CCDC25) on tumor cell membranes can bind NETs-DNA with high specificity and affinity, enabling tumor cells to sense NETs and thus promote distant metastasis. We transformed shCCDC25 into VNP20009 (VNP), an oncolytic bacterium, to generate VNP-shCCDC25 and performed preclinical evaluation of the inhibitory effect of shCCDC25 on cancer metastasis in B16F10 lung metastasis and 4T1 orthotopic lung metastasis models. VNP-shCCDC25 effectively blocked the downstream prometastatic signaling pathway of CCDC25 at tumor sites and reduced the formation of NETs while recruiting more neutrophils and macrophages to the tumor core, ultimately leading to excellent metastasis inhibition in the two lung metastasis models. CONCLUSION: This study is a pioneer in focusing on the effect of anti-NET treatment on CCDC25. shCCDC25 is effectively delivered to tumor sites via the help of oncolytic bacteria and has broad application in the inhibition of cancer metastasis via anti-NETs.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Ácidos Nucleicos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo
11.
Int Wound J ; 21(2): e14714, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353374

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the causal relationship between inflammatory cytokines and the risk of varicose veins. The data were sourced from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of European individuals. Multiple Mendelian randomization (MR) methods were used to evaluate the association between inflammatory cytokines and varicose veins. The study found significant associations between elevated levels of certain inflammatory biomarkers (e.g., CASP-8, Vascular endothelial growth factor A levels (VEGF_A)) and an increased risk of varicose veins, while others (e.g., 4EBP1, MMP-10) showed a protective effect. The MR-Egger Intercept and heterogeneity tests indicated no significant pleiotropy or heterogeneity. This comprehensive MR analysis identifies several cytokines as potential contributors to the pathogenesis of varicose veins, offering insights into novel therapeutic targets. Our findings underscore the importance of inflammation in varicose veins and suggest that targeting specific cytokines could be a promising strategy for the treatment and prevention of varicose veins.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Varizes , Humanos , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Varizes/genética , Citocinas/genética
12.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1342, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351117

RESUMO

The rational design of efficient bifunctional single-atom electrocatalysts for industrial water splitting and the comprehensive understanding of its complex catalytic mechanisms remain challenging. Here, we report a Ni single atoms supported on oxygen-incorporated Mo2C via Ni-O-Mo bridge bonds, that gives high oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) bifunctional activity. By ex situ synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy and electron microscopy, we found that after HER, the coordination number and bond lengths of Ni-O and Ni-Mo (Ni-O-Mo) were all altered, yet the Ni species still remain atomically dispersed. In contrast, after OER, the atomically dispersed Ni were agglomerated into very small clusters with new Ni-Ni (Ni-O-Ni) bonds appeared. Combining experimental results and DFT calculations, we infer the oxidation degree of Mo2C and the configuration of single-atom Ni are both vital for HER or OER. This study provides both a feasible strategy and model to rational design highly efficient electrocatalysts for water electrolysis.

13.
Food Res Int ; 178: 113943, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309869

RESUMO

Formation of starch-polyphenol complexes by high pressure homogenization (HPH) is widely used to reduce starch digestibility and delay the postprandial glycemic response, thereby benefiting obesity and associated metabolic diseases. This study investigated the effect of complexation temperature on multi-scale structures, physicochemical and digestive properties of pea starch-gallic acid (PS-GA) complexes during HPH process, while also elucidating the corresponding molecular mechanism regulating in vitro digestibility. The results demonstrated that elevating complexation temperature from 30 °C to 100 °C promoted the interaction between PS and GA and reached a peak complex index of 9.22 % at 90 °C through non-covalent binding. The enhanced interaction led to the formation of ordered multi-scale structures within PS-GA complexes, characterized by larger particles that exhibited greater thermal stability and elastic properties. Consequently, the PS-GA complexes exhibited substantially reduced digestion rates with the content of resistant starch increased from 28.50 % to 38.26 %. The potential molecular mechanism underlying how complexation temperature regulated digestibility of PS-GA complexes might be attributed to the synergistic effect of the physical barriers from newly ordered structure and inhibitory effect of GA against digestive enzymes. Overall, our findings contribute to the advancement of current knowledge regarding starch-polyphenol interactions and promote the development of functional starches with low postprandial glycemic responses.


Assuntos
Amido , Amido/química , Temperatura , Ácido Gálico/química , Digestão , Polifenóis
14.
Food Res Int ; 178: 113933, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309904

RESUMO

Efficient food safety risk assessment significantly affects food safety supervision. However, food detection data of different types and batches show different feature distributions, resulting in unstable detection results of most risk assessment models, lack of interpretability of risk classification, and insufficient risk traceability. This study aims to explore an efficient food safety risk assessment model that takes into account robustness, interpretability and traceability. Therefore, the Explainable unsupervised risk Warning Framework based on the Empirical cumulative Distribution function (EWFED) was proposed. Firstly, the detection data's underlying distribution is estimated as non-parametric by calculating each testing indicator's empirical cumulative distribution. Next, the tail probabilities of each testing indicator are estimated based on these distributions and summarized to obtain the sample risk value. Finally, the "3σ Rule" is used to achieve explainable risk classification of qualified samples, and the reasons for unqualified samples are tracked according to the risk score of each testing indicator. The experiments of the EWFED model on two types of dairy product detection data in actual application scenarios have verified its effectiveness, achieving interpretable risk division and risk tracing of unqualified samples. Therefore, this study provides a more robust and systematic food safety risk assessment method to promote precise management and control of food safety risks effectively.


Assuntos
Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Alimentos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Medição de Risco
15.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 93, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive frailty (CF) is currently a significant issue, and most of the associated factors discovered in current studies are not modifiable. Therefore, it is crucial to identify modifiable risk factors that can be targeted for interventions in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and modifiable risk factors of CF in CHF patients in China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we sequentially enrolled patients diagnosed with CHF. CF served as the dependent variable, assessed through the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) Scale and the FRAIL Scale. The independent variable questionnaire encompassed various components, including general demographic information, the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), the Simplified Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ), the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Logistic regression analysis was employed to identify independent factors contributing to CF. RESULTS: A total of 271 patients with CHF were included in the study. The overall prevalence of CF was found to be 49.4%, with 28.8% of patients exhibiting potentially reversible cognitive frailty and 20.7% showing reversible cognitive frailty. Among middle-young CHF patients, 10.7% had reversible cognitive frailty and 6.4% had potentially reversible cognitive frailty, with a prevalence of CF at 17.1%. Logistic regression analysis revealed that body mass index (OR = 0.826, 95%CI = 0.726-0.938), blood pressure level (OR = 2.323, 95%CI = 1.105-4.882), nutrition status (OR = 0.820, 95%CI = 0.671-0.979), and social support (OR = 0.745, 95%CI = 0.659-0.842) were independent factors associated with CF (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We observed a relatively high prevalence of CF among Chinese patients diagnosed with CHF. Many factors including BMI, blood pressure level, nutrition status, and social support emerging as modifiable risk factors associated with CF. We propose conducting clinical trials to assess the impact of modifying these risk factors. The outcomes of this study offer valuable insights for healthcare professionals, guiding them in implementing effective measures to improve the CF status in CHF patients during clinical practice.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Fragilidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Idoso , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , China/epidemiologia , Cognição , Idoso Fragilizado , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações
16.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e24824, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38333835

RESUMO

Background: Airway remodeling is an essential pathological basis of respiratory diseases such as asthma and COPD, which is significantly related to pulmonary function and clinical symptoms. And pulmonary disease can be improved by regulating airway remodeling. This study aimed to establish a knowledge map of airway remodeling to clarify current research hotspots and future research trends. Methods: A comprehensive search was performed to analyze all relevant articles on airway remodeling using the Web of Science Core Collection Database from January 01, 2004 to June 03, 2023.2 reviewers screened the retrieved literature. Besides, the CiteSpace (6.2. R3) and VOSviewer (1.6.19) were utilized to visualize the research focus and trend regarding the effect of airway remodeling. Results: A total of 4077 articles about airway remodeling were retrieved. The United States is the country with the most published literature, underscoring the country's role in airway remodeling. In recent years, China has been the country with the fastest growth in the number of published literature, suggesting that China will play a more critical role in airway remodeling in the future. From the perspective of co-operation among countries, European co-operation was closer than Asian co-operation. The co-citation analysis showed that 98,313 citations were recorded in 3594 articles, and 25 clusters could be realized. In recent years, Burst detection shows that oxidative stress and epithelial-mesenchymal transition are hot words. Conclusions: Based on the bibliometric analysis of airway remodeling studies in the past 20 years, a multi-level knowledge structure map was drawn, it mainly includes countries, institutions, research fields, authors, journals, keywords and so on. The research directions represented by obstructive airway disease, PDGF-BB treatment of airway smooth muscle, allergen-induced airway remodeling, extracellular matrix, and non-coding RNA are the research hotspots in the field of airway remodeling. While the risk factors for airway remodeling, the application of new noninvasively assessing tools, biomarkers as well as The molecular mechanism represented by EMT and autophagy had been frontiers in recent years.

17.
Hum Reprod ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335261

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: What is the significance and mechanism of human seminal plasma extracellular vesicles (EVs) in regulating human sperm functions? SUMMARY ANSWER: EV increases the intracellular Ca2+ concentrations [Ca2+]i via extracellular Ca2+ influx by activating CatSper channels, and subsequently modulate human sperm motility, especially hyperactivated motility, which is attributed to both protein and non-protein components in EV. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: EVs are functional regulators of human sperm function, and EV cargoes from normal and asthenozoospermic seminal plasma are different. Pre-fusion of EV with sperm in the acidic and non-physiological sucrose buffer solution could elevate [Ca2+]i in human sperm. CatSper, a principle Ca2+ channel in human sperm, is responsible for the [Ca2+]i regulation when sperm respond to diverse extracellular stimuli. However, the role of CatSper in EV-evoked calcium signaling and its potential physiological significance remain unclear. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: EV isolated from the seminal plasma of normal and asthenozoospermic semen were utilized to investigate the mechanism by which EV regulates calcium signal in human sperm, including the involvement of CatSper and the responsible cargoes in EV. In addition, the clinical application potential of EV and EV protein-derived peptides were also evaluated. This is a laboratory study that went on for more than 5 years and involved more than 200 separate experiments. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Semen donors were recruited in accordance with the Institutional Ethics Committee on human subjects of the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University and Jiangxi Maternal and Child Health Hospital. The Flow NanoAnalyzer, western blotting, and transmission electron microscope were used to systematically characterize seminal plasma EV. Sperm [Ca2+]i responses were examined by fluorimetric measurement. The whole-cell patch-clamp technique was performed to record CatSper currents. Sperm motility parameters were assessed by computer-assisted sperm analysis. Sperm hyperactivation was also evaluated by examining their penetration ability in viscous methylcellulose media. Protein and non-protein components in EV were analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrum. The levels of prostaglandins, reactive oxygen species, malonaldehyde, and DNA integrity were detected by commercial kits. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: EV increased [Ca2+]i via an extracellular Ca2+ influx, which could be suppressed by a CatSper inhibitor. Also, EV potentiated CatSper currents in human sperm. Furthermore, the EV-in [Ca2+]i increase and CatSper currents were absent in a CatSper-deficient sperm, confirming the crucial role of CatSper in EV induced Ca2+ signaling in human sperm. Both proteins and non-protein components of EV contributed to the increase of [Ca2+]i, which were important for the effects of EV on human sperm. Consequently, EV and its cargos promoted sperm hyperactivated motility. In addition, seminal plasma EV protein-derived peptides, such as NAT1-derived peptide (N-P) and THBS-1-derived peptide (T-P), could activate the sperm calcium signal and enhance sperm function. Interestingly, EV derived from asthenozoospermic semen caused a lower increase of [Ca2+]i than that isolated from normal seminal plasma (N-EV), and N-EV significantly improved sperm motility and function in both asthenozoospermic samples and frozen-thawed sperm. LARGE SCALE DATA: N/A. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: This was an in vitro study and caution must be taken when extrapolating the physiological relevance to in vivo regulation of sperm. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Our findings demonstrate that the CatSper-mediated-Ca2+ signaling is involved in EV-modulated sperm function under near physiological conditions, and EV and their derivates are a novel CatSper and sperm function regulators with potential for clinical application. They may be developed to improve sperm motility resulting from low [Ca2+]i response and/or freezing and thawing. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (32271167), the Social Development Project of Jiangsu Province (BE2022765), the Nantong Social and People's Livelihood Science and Technology Plan (MS22022087), the Basic Science Research Program of Nantong (JC22022086), and the Jiangsu Innovation and Entrepreneurship Talent Plan (JSSCRC2021543). The authors declare no conflict of interest.

18.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336568

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nursing students feel stressed during pediatric clinical practicum due to limited communication encounters with hospitalized children. The purpose of this study was to describe junior nursing college students' experiences of communicating with children during pediatric clinical practicums. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological research design was used. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 18 junior nursing college students who completed their pediatric clinical practicum. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and were analyzed using Colaizzi's seven-step method for data analysis. RESULTS: Three themes emerged from the data. (1) Difficulties in communicating during initial practicum: fear, rejection, self-doubt of communication abilities, and unfamiliarity with the application of communication techniques posed frustrations among nursing students. (2) Efforts to learn during practicum: self-empowerment, seeking a diverse support system, adjusting communication methods, and striving to establish good relationships allowed nursing students to adapt to the pediatric curriculum. (3) Effective communication at the later stages of practicum: mastering fundamental communication techniques and exercising pediatric therapeutic communication techniques allowed nursing students to feel accomplished. CONCLUSIONS: Junior nursing college students initially encountered difficulties and frustration when communicating with children during their pediatric clinical practicum. This study serves as a guide for educators of pediatric nursing to design courses on communication with hospitalized children. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: These findings could be used to develop foundation courses on communicating with children for first-time pediatric nursing practicum students; for example, formulating a course on therapeutic play for children that encompasses communication techniques, pediatric ward simulation, and introduction to therapeutic play.

19.
Anim Nutr ; 16: 147-157, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357574

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of flavonoids from mulberry leaves (FML) on plasma biochemical indices, serum activities of lipid metabolism-related enzymes, fat morphology, fatty acid composition, and lipid metabolism in different adipose tissues of finishing pigs. We used 120 Chinese hybrid barrows of Berkshire and Bama mini-pigs with an average initial body weight of 45.11 ± 4.23 kg. The pigs were randomly assigned to five treatment groups and fed a control diet based on corn, soybean meal, and wheat bran or a control diet supplemented with 0.02%, 0.04%, 0.08%, or 0.16% FML. Each experimental group had six replicates (pens), with four pigs per pen. After a 7-d adaptation period, the feeding trial was conducted for 58 d. Blood and adipose tissue samples were collected from 30 pigs (one pig per pen) at the end of the test. The results showed that FML supplementation significantly decreased the feed intake to body gain ratio, the plasma concentrations of total cholesterol and free fatty acids, and the serum activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (linear or quadratic effects, P < 0.05), and decreased the plasma triglyceride concentration (quadratic, P = 0.07). Increasing FML supplementation increased the average daily gain and serum activities of lipoprotein lipase (linear and quadratic effects, P < 0.05) and adipose triglyceride lipase (linear, P < 0.05). Dietary FML supplementation decreased the adipocyte area in the dorsal subcutaneous adipose (DSA) tissue of finishing pigs (linear, P = 0.05) and increased the adipocyte area in the visceral adipose tissue (quadratic, P < 0.01). Increasing FML supplementation decreased the C20:1 content in DSA, abdominal subcutaneous adipose, and visceral adipose tissues of finishing pigs (P < 0.05) and increased the C18:3n3 and n-3 PUFA contents (P < 0.05). The lipid metabolism genes were regulated by the PPARγ-LXRα-ABCA1 signaling pathway, and their expressions differed in different adipose tissues. These findings suggest that FML improved growth performance, regulated lipid metabolism, inhibited fat production, and improved fatty acid distribution in the adipose tissue of finishing pigs, thereby improving pig fat's nutritional quality and health value.

20.
Phys Eng Sci Med ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361179

RESUMO

Hemodynamic parameters derived from pulse wave analysis have been shown to predict long-term outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). Here we aimed to develop a deep-learning based algorithm that incorporates pressure waveforms for the identification and risk stratification of patients with HF. The first study, with a case-control study design to address data imbalance issue, included 431 subjects with HF exhibiting typical symptoms and 1545 control participants with no history of HF (non-HF). Carotid pressure waveforms were obtained from all the participants using applanation tonometry. The HF score, representing the probability of HF, was derived from a one-dimensional deep neural network (DNN) model trained with characteristics of the normalized carotid pressure waveform. In the second study of HF patients, we constructed a Cox regression model with 83 candidate clinical variables along with the HF score to predict the risk of all-cause mortality along with rehospitalization. To identify subjects using the HF score, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, F1 score, and area under receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.867, 0.851, 0.874, 0.878, and 0.93, respectively, from the hold-out cross-validation of the DNN, which was better than other machine learning models, including logistic regression, support vector machine, and random forest. With a median follow-up of 5.8 years, the multivariable Cox model using the HF score and other clinical variables outperformed the other HF risk prediction models with concordance index of 0.71, in which only the HF score and five clinical variables were independent significant predictors (p < 0.05), including age, history of percutaneous coronary intervention, concentration of sodium in the emergency room, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and hemoglobin. Our study demonstrated the diagnostic and prognostic utility of arterial waveforms in subjects with HF using a DNN model. Pulse wave contains valuable information that can benefit the clinical care of patients with HF.

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