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1.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 67, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317146

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading aging related cause of global mortality. Small airway narrowing is recognized as an early and significant factor for COPD development. Senescent fibroblasts were observed to accumulate in lung of COPD patients and promote COPD progression through aberrant extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). On the basis of our previous study, we further investigated the the causes for the increased levels of miR-377-3p in the blood of COPD patients, as well as its regulatory function in the pathological progression of COPD. We found that the majority of up-regulated miR-377-3p was localized in lung fibroblasts. Inhibition of miR-377-3p improved chronic smoking-induced COPD in mice. Mechanistically, miR-377-3p promoted senescence of lung fibroblasts, while knockdown of miR-377-3p attenuated bleomycin-induced senescence in lung fibroblasts. We also identified ZFP36L1 as a direct target for miR-377-3p that likely mediated its pro senescence activity in lung fibroblasts. Our data reveal that miR-377-3p is crucial for COPD pathogenesis, and may serve as a potential target for COPD therapy.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Envelhecimento , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Senescência Celular/genética , Fator 1 de Resposta a Butirato/metabolismo
2.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 39(2): e6065, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cognitive impairment and change are a focus of research into late-life depression. The aims of this 5-year prospective study were (1) to observe cognitive status change; (2) to investigate the rate and risk ratio of dementia or cognitive decline; and (3) to examine the cognitive domain predictors for conversion to dementia within 5 years among a clinical cohort with remitted major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: The study cohort included 130 elderly persons with late-life remitted MDD and 100 normal controls. Comprehensive neuropsychological tests were conducted to determine cognitive domain status. Diagnoses of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia were made at baseline and at a follow-up visit at the 5-year point. In total, 98 cases and 55 normal controls completed the 5-year follow-up assessment. RESULTS: Of the study cohort with late-life remitted MDD, 28.6% had MCI and 25.5% developed dementia within 5 years. Patients with late-life remitted MDD had an approximate 3 times higher risk of subsequent cognitive decline as compared with the normal controls. Information-processing speed (p = 0.009) and memory (p = 0.041) could predict subsequent progression to dementia within 5 years among patients with MDD. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that compared with the general elderly population, elderly patients with depression have more significant impairment in cognitive function after 5 years. Further, we found that in depressed patients, deficits in information-processing speed and memory domains were highly suggestive of progression to dementia within 5 years.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Idoso , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Cognição
3.
Chemosphere ; 352: 141366, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311037

RESUMO

The oxidation of pyrite results in the formation of a solid film passivation layer on its surface. This layer effectively hinders the direct interaction between H2O, O2, and the pyrite surface, thereby impeding the oxidation dissolution of pyrite. There are few studies on whether alumina (Al2O3), a common aluminum-containing oxide, affects the formation of a solid film passivation layer on the surface of pyrite and inhibits the oxidation dissolution of pyrite. This research investigates the impact of Al2O3 incorporation on the speciation transformation of S, Fe, and Al on the surface of pyrite during oxygen pyrite process. The oxidation of pyrite followed the "polysulfide-thiosulfate" complex oxidation pathway. When <1.5 g/L Al2O3 was introduced, it increase pyrite oxidation, whereas ≥1.5 g/L Al2O3 prevented pyrite oxidation. The process of Al2O3 dissolution results in the consumption of H+ and the subsequent release of Al3+. This, in turn, facilitates the hydrolysis of Fe3+ and Al3+ to generate a secondary mineral layer on the pyrite surface. As a result of the accumulation of S promotes the formation of polysulfide chemical (FeSn) or iron deficiency sulfide (Fe1-xS), resulting in the formation of a solid film passivation layer composed of sulfur film and secondary mineral layer. The results demonstrated that Al2O3 can promote the formation of a solid film passivation layer on the surface of pyrite, which has significant implications for controlling the oxidation dissolution process of pyrite and offers a new perspective for the source control of acid mine drainage.

4.
Opt Express ; 32(2): 2015-2028, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297740

RESUMO

Quantum communication satellites have potential for applications in future quantum networks. Photonics integrated chips, due to their compact and lightweight nature, are well-suited for satellite deployment. However, the harsh radiation environment of space can cause permanent damage to these chips, resulting in degraded performance or complete loss of functionality. In this work, we conducted a series of radiation experiments to evaluate the effects of γ rays and high energy protons on quantum key distribution transmitter chips. The results suggest that the insertion loss of the chip is slightly reduced by about 1.5 dB after 100 krad (Si) γ ray irradiation, and further reduced by about 0.5 to 1 dB after 2.39 × 1011/cm2 proton radiation. The half-wave voltages, extinction ratios, and polarization angles are not changed significantly within the measurement error range. Our work proves the feasibility of deploying quantum constellations utilizing terminals based on photonics chips.

5.
Food Res Int ; 178: 113933, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309904

RESUMO

Efficient food safety risk assessment significantly affects food safety supervision. However, food detection data of different types and batches show different feature distributions, resulting in unstable detection results of most risk assessment models, lack of interpretability of risk classification, and insufficient risk traceability. This study aims to explore an efficient food safety risk assessment model that takes into account robustness, interpretability and traceability. Therefore, the Explainable unsupervised risk Warning Framework based on the Empirical cumulative Distribution function (EWFED) was proposed. Firstly, the detection data's underlying distribution is estimated as non-parametric by calculating each testing indicator's empirical cumulative distribution. Next, the tail probabilities of each testing indicator are estimated based on these distributions and summarized to obtain the sample risk value. Finally, the "3σ Rule" is used to achieve explainable risk classification of qualified samples, and the reasons for unqualified samples are tracked according to the risk score of each testing indicator. The experiments of the EWFED model on two types of dairy product detection data in actual application scenarios have verified its effectiveness, achieving interpretable risk division and risk tracing of unqualified samples. Therefore, this study provides a more robust and systematic food safety risk assessment method to promote precise management and control of food safety risks effectively.


Assuntos
Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Alimentos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Medição de Risco
6.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 20(1): 2309731, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38314749

RESUMO

Despite the high effectiveness of HPV vaccines in preventing infection, vaccine hesitancy remains a concern, particularly in China. This study aimed to explore college students' attitudes toward HPV vaccination and identify associated factors. Data was collected through a cross-sectional survey using self-administered questionnaires in four cities from May to June 2022. Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors. Additionally, an integrated structural equation model (SEM) based on the 3Cs (confidence, convenience, complacency) was developed to understand underlying factors contributing to hesitancy. The results from 2261 valid questionnaires were enlightening. A significant 89.47% (59.4% for females) considered HPV vaccination necessary, with 9.82% remaining neutral and only 0.71% deeming it unnecessary. Factors like higher education, being a medical student, residing in urban areas, having medical insurance, more extraordinary living expenses, a family history of tumors, and a solid understanding of HPV played a role in perceiving the vaccine as necessary. Among the 1438 female respondents, 84.36% had no hesitancy toward HPV vaccination, 13.53% expressed hesitancy, and 2.11% refused vaccination. Factors like age, understanding of HPV, medical staff recommendations, living expenses, and family history influenced hesitancy levels. SEM revealed that the 3Cs significantly affected vaccine hesitancy. Factors like price, booking process, vaccination times, trust in vaccines, medical staff recommendations, efficiency, and risk perception collectively influenced hesitancy. In conclusion, this study found high acceptance of HPV vaccination but acknowledged the complexity of hesitancy factors. It recommends medical staff disseminate scientific knowledge, offer recommendations, simplify booking procedures, and expand vaccination sites to address vaccine hesitancy effectively.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Hesitação Vacinal , China , Vacinação , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
7.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 14(3)2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38337773

RESUMO

Agenesis and hypoplasia affecting multiple flexor tendons within the same hand represent an exceedingly uncommon occurrence, with no previous studies addressing this condition. This report details a 4-year-old girl with agenesis of the right third and fourth fingers, who sought consultation due to the inability to flex her seemingly unaffected second and fifth fingers. Ultrasound examination revealed substantial thinning of the flexor tendons in the second to fifth digits, with a notable absence of attachment to the middle phalanx. In addition to flexor tendon hypoplasia, hypoplasia of the third and fourth middle phalanges was observed. Hand deformities featuring both finger agenesis and flexor tendon hypoplasia across multiple fingers were exceptionally rare. In such instances, ultrasound, in conjunction with radiography, emerges as the recommended initial imaging tool for comprehensive evaluation of both the phalangeal bones and flexor tendons.

8.
Schizophrenia (Heidelb) ; 10(1): 14, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341430

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness and a major risk factor for suicide, with approximately 50% of schizophrenia patients attempting and 10% dying from suicide. Although genetic components play a significant role in schizophrenia risk, the underlying genetic risk factors for suicide are poorly understood. The complement component C4 gene, an immune gene involved in the innate immune system and located in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region, has been identified to be strongly associated with schizophrenia risk. In addition, recent findings have also suggested that the MHC region has been associated with suicide risk across disorders, making C4 a potential candidate of interest for studying suicidality in schizophrenia patients. Despite growing interest in investigating the association between the C4 gene and schizophrenia, to our knowledge, no work has been done to examine the potential of C4 variants as suicide risk factors in patients with schizophrenia. In this study, we investigated the association between different C4 copy number variants and predicted C4 brain expression with suicidal outcomes (suicide attempts/suicidal ideation). We directly genotyped 434 schizophrenia patients to determine their C4A and C4B copy number variants. We found the C4AS copy number to be marginally and negatively associated with suicide risk, potentially being protective against suicide attempts (OR = 0.49; p = 0.05) and suicidal ideation (OR = 0.65; p = 0.07). Furthermore, sex-stratified analyses revealed that there are no significant differences between males and females. Our preliminary findings encourage additional studies of C4 and potential immune dysregulation in suicide.

9.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349504

RESUMO

The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a heterogeneous region of the brain's limbic system that regulates cognitive and emotional processing, and is frequently implicated in schizophrenia. This study aims to characterize resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) profiles of three subregions of ACC in patients with first-episode schizophrenia and healthy controls. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scans were collected from 60 first-episode schizophrenia (FES) patients and 60 healthy controls (HC), and the subgenual ACC (sgACC), pregenual ACC (pgACC), and dorsal ACC (dACC) were selected as seed regions from the newest automated anatomical labeling atlas 3 (AAL3). Seed-based rsFC maps for each ACC subregion were generated and compared between the two groups. The results revealed that compared to the HC group, the FES group showed higher rsFC between the pgACC and bilateral lateral orbitofrontal cortex (lOFC), and lower rsFC between the dACC and right posterior OFC (pOFC), the medial prefrontal gyrus (MPFC), and the precuneus cortex (PCu). These findings point to a selective functional dysconnectivity of pgACC and dACC in schizophrenia and provide more accurate information about the functional role of the ACC in this disorder.

10.
RSC Adv ; 14(8): 5435-5439, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352681

RESUMO

4-Pyrimidone-2-thioethers can be useful synthetic precursors to densely functionalized pyrimidines, commonly encountered in bioactive molecules. A convenient one-pot access to 4-pyrimidone-2-thioethers is reported herein, which utilizes a sequential base- and acid-mediated condensation of alkylisothioureas with ß-ketoesters. Owing to mild reaction conditions, good to excellent functional group tolerance and yields are achieved. The utility of this approach is demonstrated by the synthesis of the crucial adagrasib intermediate on a 200 gram scale.

12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351848

RESUMO

Hole transport materials (HTMs) play a crucial role in achieving efficient perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In this work, an HTM MF-ACD with an asymmetric structure is designed by introducing two different peripheral end groups. The asymmetric feature increases the molecular dipole of MF-ACD, and endows MF-ACD with good stability and film formation properties, higher hole mobility and conductivity. Consequently, the MF-ACD-based PSC shows a high efficiency of 23.1%, which is much higher than that of the symmetric counterpart. The results show that the asymmetric configuration might be a potential choice to develop more efficient HTMs.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339215

RESUMO

α-Hydroxy ketones are a class of vital organic skeletons that generally exist in a variety of natural products and high-value chemicals. However, the traditional synthetic route for their production involves toxic Hg salts and corrosive H2SO4 as catalysts, resulting in harsh conditions and the undesired side reaction of Meyer-Schuster rearrangement. In this study, CO2-promoted hydration of propargylic alcohols was achieved for the synthesis of various α-hydroxy ketones. Notably, this process was catalyzed using an environmentally friendly and cost-effective biomass-based ionic liquids/CuCl system, which effectively eliminated the side reaction. The ionic liquids utilized in this system are derived from natural biomass materials, which exhibited recyclability and catalytic activity under 1 bar of CO2 pressure without volatile organic solvents or additives. Evaluation of the green metrics revealed the superiority of this CuCl/ionic liquid system in terms of environmental sustainability. Further mechanistic investigation attributed the excellent performance to the ionic liquid component, which exhibited multifunctionality in activating substrates, CO2 and the Cu component.


Assuntos
Alcinos , Líquidos Iônicos , Propanóis , Cetonas , Dióxido de Carbono , Biomassa , Catálise
14.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 112(2): 34, 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342962

RESUMO

To understand the underlying molecular mechanisms, mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and zebrafish embryos were exposed to the control group and Tributyltin (TBT) group (10 ng/L, environmental concentration) for 48 h, respectively. The expression profiles of RNAs were investigated using whole-transcriptome analysis in mouse BMSCs or zebrafish embryos after TBT exposure. For mouse BMSCs, the results showed 2,449 differentially expressed (DE) mRNAs, 59 DE miRNAs, 317 DE lncRNAs, and 15 circRNAs. Similarly, for zebrafish embryos, the results showed 1,511 DE mRNAs, 4 DE miRNAs, 272 DE lncRNAs, and 28 circRNAs. According to KEGG pathway analysis showed that DE RNAs were mainly associated with immune responses, signaling, and cellular interactions. Competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network analysis revealed that the regulatory network of miRNA-circRNA constructed in zebrafish embryos was more complex compared to that of mouse BMSCs.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Compostos de Trialquitina , Animais , Camundongos , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo
15.
Adv Mater ; : e2313228, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330391

RESUMO

Electronic skin (e-skin) capable of acquiring environmental and physiological information has attracted interest for healthcare, robotics, and human-machine interaction. However, traditional 2D e-skin only allows for in-plane force sensing, which limits access to comprehensive stimulus feedback due to the lack of out-of-plane signal detection caused by its 3D structure. Here, a dimension-switchable bioinspired receptor is reported to achieve multimodal perception by exploiting film kirigami. It offers the detection of in-plane (pressure and bending) and out-of-plane (force and airflow) signals by dynamically inducing the opening and reclosing of sensing unit. The receptor's hygroscopic and thermoelectric properties enable the sensing of humidity and temperature. Meanwhile, the thermoelectric receptor can differentiate mechanical stimuli from temperature by the voltage. The development enables a wide range of sensory capabilities of traditional e-skin and expands the applications in real life.

16.
Mater Today Bio ; 25: 100984, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356962

RESUMO

Blunting the tumor's stress-sensing ability is an effective strategy for controlling tumor adaptive survival and metastasis. Here, we have designed a cyclically amplified nano-energy interference device based on lipid nanoparticles (LNP), focused on altering cellular energy metabolism. This innovative nano device efficiently targets and monitors the tumor's status while simultaneously inhibiting mitochondrial respiration, biogenesis and ribosome production. To this end, we first identified azelaic acid (AA), a binary acid capable of disrupting the mitochondrial respiratory chain. Upon encapsulation in LNP and linkage to mitochondrial-targeting molecules, this disruptive effect is further augmented. Consequently, tumors exhibit a substantial upregulation of the glycolytic pathway, intensifying their glucose demand and worsening the tumor's energy-deprived microenvironment. Then, the glucose analog, 2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), linked to the LNP, efficiently targets tumors and competitively inhibits the tumor's normal glucose uptake. The synergetic results of combining AA with 2-DG induce comprehensive energy deficiency within tumors, blocking the generation of energy-sensitive ribosomes. Ultimately, the disruption of both mitochondria and ribosomes depletes energy supply and new protein-generating capacity, weakening tumor's ability to adapt to environmental stress and thereby inhibiting growth and metastasis. Comprehensively, this nano-energy interference device, by controlling the tumor's stress-sensing ability, provides a novel therapeutic strategy for refractory tumors.

17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202401754, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380833

RESUMO

One-step efficient separation of high-purity C2H4 from C2H4 / C2H6 mixtures by HOFs faces two problems: lack of strategies for constructing stable pores in HOFs and how to obtain high C2H6 selectivity. Herein, we have developed a microporous Mortise-Tenon-type HOF (MTHOF-1, MT is short for Mortise-Tenon structure) with a new self-assembly mode for C2H4 / C2H6 separation. Unlike previous HOFs which usually possess discrete head-to-head hydrogen bonds, MTHOF-1 is assembled by a unique consecutive side-by-side hydrogen bonds, which result in mortise-and-tenon pores decorated with orderly arranged amide groups and benzene rings. As expected, MTHOF-1 exhibits excellent stability under various conditions and shows obvious separation trends for C2H6 / C2H4. The IAST selectivity is as high as 2.15 at 298 K. More importantly, dynamic breakthrough experiments have demonstrated that MTHOF-1 can effectively separate the C2H6 / C2H4 feed gas to obtain polymer-grade C2H4 in one step even under high-humidity conditions.

18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4552, 2024 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402285

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction is defined as a sudden decrease or interruption in blood flow to the coronary arteries, causing ischemic necrosis of the corresponding cardiomyocytes. It is unclear whether systemic macrovascular alterations are associated with retinal microvascular changes. This study utilized optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to compare variations in conjunctival vascular density and fundus retinal vessel density between patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and healthy controls. This study recruited 16 patients (32 eyes) with MI and 16 healthy controls (32 eyes). The superficial retinal layer (SRL), deep retinal layer (DRL) and conjunctival capillary plexus in each eye were evaluated by OCTA. Parameters measured included the density of the temporal conjunctival capillary, retinal microvascular (MIR) and macrovascular (MAR) alterations and total MIR (TMI). The microvascular density of each retinal region was evaluated by the hemisphere segmentation (SR, SL, IL, and IR), annular partition (C1, C2, C3, C4, C5 and C6), and modified early treatment of diabetic retinopathy study (R, S, L, and I) methods. In the macular area, the superficial and deep retinal microvascular densities displayed notable variations. In the superficial layers, the superficial TMI, superficial MIR, and superficial MAR, as well as densities in the SL, IL, S, L, C1, C2, C5 and C6 regions, were significantly lower in MI patients (p < 0.05 each). In the deep layers, the deep MIR and deep TMI), as well as densities in the SL, IL, L, C1, C2 and C6 regions were significantly lower in MI patients (p < 0.05 each). In contrast, the conjunctival microvascular density was significantly higher in MI patients than in healthy controls (p < 0.001). The microvascular densities measured in the deep and superficial retinal layers and in the conjunctiva differ in MI patients and healthy controls. OCTA is effective in detecting changes in the ocular microcirculation.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Humanos , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Retina/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1682, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396113

RESUMO

Effective therapeutic strategies for myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury remain elusive. Targeting reactive oxygen species (ROS) provides a practical approach to mitigate myocardial damage following reperfusion. In this study, we synthesize an antioxidant nanozyme, equipped with a single-Platinum (Pt)-atom (PtsaN-C), for protecting against I/R injury. PtsaN-C exhibits multiple enzyme-mimicking activities for ROS scavenging with high efficiency and stability. Mechanistic studies demonstrate that the excellent ROS-elimination performance of the single Pt atom center precedes that of the Pt cluster center, owing to its better synergistic effect and metallic electronic property. Systematic in vitro and in vivo studies confirm that PtsaN-C efficiently counteracts ROS, restores cellular homeostasis and prevents apoptotic progression after I/R injury. PtsaN-C also demonstrates good biocompatibility, making it a promising candidate for clinical applications. Our study expands the scope of single-atom nanozyme in combating ROS-induced damage and offers a promising therapeutic avenue for the treatment of I/R injury.


Assuntos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Humanos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Platina/farmacologia , Platina/uso terapêutico , Miocárdio , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico
20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(7): 8733-8741, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345337

RESUMO

Ni-rich LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM811) is considered the most prominent cathode material to establish a practical high energy density of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) for future electric vehicles. The energy density of LIBs is greatly determined by the capacity of electrode materials and the operating voltage of the cells. To further improve the cycle lifespan of NCM811 batteries to meet the requirement of driving range for the electric vehicle market, it is vital to design a novel electrolyte additive that can enhance the stability of the cathode/electrolyte interface at a wide range of voltage. Herein, a novel borate functionalized disiloxane compound, 1,1,1,3,3-pentamethyl-3-(3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)propyl) disiloxane (PMBPDS), is synthesized as cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI) film-forming additive to improve the cycling performance of NCM811 batteries. Systematic studies reveal that PMBPDS can construct a stable CEI film on the NCM811 surface and efficiently scavenge hydrofluoric acid (HF). The PMBPDS-derived CEI prevents the dissolution of transmission metals in the NCM811 cathode and enhances the capacity retention of NCM811/graphite cells from 68.3 to 70.6% after 200 cycles at 1 C in the voltage window of 3-4.5 V. This work provides more understanding on designing the molecular structure of additive compounds for improving the electrochemical performance of LIBs.

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