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1.
J Multidiscip Healthc ; 15: 1901-1908, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072276

RESUMO

Introduction: Air pollution is a novel environmental risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Air quality improved during COVID-19 lockdowns; however, the effects of these lockdowns on PM2.5 concentrations and renal function remain unclear. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to compare air pollution and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline in patients with stage 5 CKD between a year-long period of lockdown (2020; n = 724) and a similar period before lockdown (2019, n = 758). Results: Compared with 2019, a 17.5% reduction in the average PM2.5 concentration (from 17.36% to 14.32%; P < 0.001) and a 45.1% reduction (from 20.56% to 11.25%; P < 0.001) in cumulative days with PM2.5 concentration >35 µg/m3 were noted in 2020. Moreover, a 93% reduction in PM2.5 air quality index >150 per station-day (from 0.43% to 0.03%) was observed in 2020. From 2019 to 2020, the yearly incidence of eGFR decline ≥5 mL/min/1.73 m2 decreased by 33.7% (24.6% vs 16.3%; P < 0.001). Similarly, the proportion of patients who started undergoing regular dialysis also decreased by 32.7% in 2020 (from 20.8% to 14.0%; P = 0.001). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that fewer events of renal function decline during the COVID-19 pandemic may be associated with a decline in PM2.5 concentrations, supporting the global strategy of reducing air pollution to prevent CKD progression.

2.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 20: 4481-4489, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051869

RESUMO

The recent breakthrough from AlphaFold2 and RoseTTAFold set a profound milestone for solving the protein folding problem, but they were not explicitly trained to predict protein foldability, i.e., if a protein can really fold into the predicted 3D structure. We wondered if the computational models from AlphaFold2 and RoseTTAFold might carry protein foldability information. Therefore, we predicted the structural models of 159 circular permutants and 158 alanine insertion mutants of the 159-residue dihydrofolate reductase. Our data showed that although AlphaFold2 and RoseTTAFold cannot directly identify unfoldable proteins, the RMSD values of computational models are correlated with protein foldability, with higher RMSD values indicating lower protein foldability. Furthermore, this correlation is independent of secondary structures, and the RMSD values of computational models are quantitatively correlated with protein foldability but not protein functions. Additionally, using a dataset of 129 de novo designed proteins, we showed that inter-model RMSD values between AlphaFold2 models and RoseTTAFold models are a good indicator of protein foldability. At last, we showed that inter-model RMSD values are also useful for evaluating protein solubility by modeling 1664 natural proteins. Our work could be of great value to the design of novel proteins and the prediction of protein foldability.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2203662, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054543

RESUMO

2D organic molecular crystals (2DOMCs) are promising materials for the fabrication of high-performance optoelectronic devices. However, the growth of organic molecules into 2DOMCs remains a challenge because of the difficulties in controlling their self-assembly with a preferential orientation in solution-process crystallization. Herein, fullerene is chosen as a model molecule to develop a supramolecular gel crystallization approach to grow large-area 2DOMCs by controlling the perfect arrangement on the {220} crystal plane with the assistance of a gelated solvent. In this case, the gel networks provide tuneable confined spaces to control the crystallization kinetics toward the growth of dominant crystal faces by their inhibiting motions of solvent or solute molecules to enable the growth of perfect crystals at appropriate nucleation rates. As a result, a large-area fullerene 2DOMC is produced successfully and its corresponding device on a flexible substrate exhibits excellent bendable properties and ultra-high weak light detection ability (2.9 × 1011 Jones) at a 10 V bias upon irradiation with 450 nm incident light. Moreover, its photoelectric properties remain unchanged after 200 cycles of bending at angles of 45, 90, and 180°. These results can be extended to the growth of other 2DOMCs for potentially fabricating advanced organic (opto)electronics.

4.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050231

RESUMO

Perfluoropropane droplets (PDs) cross endothelial barriers and can be acoustically activated for selective myocardial extravascular enhancement following intravenous injection (IVI). Our objective was to determine how to optimally activate extravascular PDs for transthoracic ultrasound-enhanced delineation of a developing scar zone (DSZ). Ultrafast-frame-rate microscopy was conducted to determine the effect of pulse sequence on the threshold of bubble formation from PDs. In vitro studies were subsequently performed at different flow rates to determine acoustic activation and inertial cavitation thresholds for a PD infusion using multipulse fundamental non-linear or single-pulse harmonic imaging. IVIs of PDs were given in 9 rats and 10 pigs following prolonged left anterior descending ischemia to detect and quantify PD kinetics within the DSZ. A multipulse sequence had a lower myocardial index threshold for acoustic activation by ultrafast-frame-rate microscopy. Acoustic activation was observed at a myocardial index ≥0.4 below the inertial cavitation threshold for both pulse sequences. In rats, confocal microscopy and serial acoustic activation imaging detected higher droplet presence (relative to remote regions) within the DSZ at 3 min post-IVI. Transthoracic high-mechanical-index impulses with fundamental non-linear imaging in pigs at this time post-IVI resulted in selective contrast enhancement within the DSZ.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 6297231, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082156

RESUMO

Weaning is one of the most stressful periods in yak growth. However, the impact of weaning on microbial diversity, structure, and potential function of yak feces is not clear. In this study, 12 Xinjiang yaks aged 3, 4, 5, and 6 months old were selected to collect fresh feces before and after weaning. Through 16S rRNA and ITS high-throughput sequencing, the dynamic distribution and potential function of yak fecal, bacterial, and fungal communities in each month were revealed. The study found that the richness of fungi had a significant impact on weaning. At the phylum level, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Ascomycota, and Basidiomycota, and at the genus level, 5-7N15, Oscillospira, Roseburia, Dorea, Preussia, Neoascochyta, Naganishia, and Sporormiella were enriched in yak feces of different months old. The abundance and proportion of bacteria Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, 5-7N15, and fungi Mucoromyceta changed significantly before and after weaning. With the increase of months, Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia have shown a downward trend. Through the prediction and analysis of fecal microbial function, it was found that at the level of primary pathways, weaning has a significant impact on cellular processes, environmental information processing, genetic information processing, metabolism, and organismal systems. At the level of secondary metabolic pathways, weaning has a significant impact on cell motility, signal transduction, folding, sorting and degradation, translation, amino acid metabolism, glycan biosynthesis and metabolism, metabolism of terpenoids and polyketides, and xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism. In addition, by analyzing the differences in functional pathways and microbial composition between sample groups of different months, it was found that the differences in functional pathways were related to the abundance differences of some microorganisms. In general, the changes in the composition and structure of yak fecal microflora may reflect the adaptability of the intestinal microbiota.


Assuntos
Micobioma , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Bacteroidetes/genética , Bovinos , Fezes/microbiologia , Firmicutes/genética , Fungos/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Desmame
6.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 11(8): 1692-1701, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090647

RESUMO

Background: Self-expandable metallic (SEM) airway stents are an important approach to treating malignant central airway obstruction (CAO). Standard over-the-while (OTW) stent needs the guidance of a guide-wire. It should be implanted under flouroscopy or the guidance of bronchoscope visualization. In this study, we evaluated the operation time and safety between OTW stent and a novel through-the-scope (TTS) SEM airway stent. Methods: In this multi-center, randomized, parallel-group superiority study, malignant CAO patients were enrolled randomly assigned (2:1) to the TTS stent implantation group (TTS group) or the standard OTW stent group (OTW group) in six sites across China. The entire process of all surgical procedures was recorded by video. Primary endpoint was the operation time of the airway stent implantation and secondary endpoint was the success rate of the stent implantation as well as its efficacy and safety. Results: From May 15, 2017, to December 30, 2018, 148 patients were enrolled from the six sites. We analyzed 134 patients (including 91 patients from the TTS group and 43 patients from the OTW group) according to the per-protocol set. There were no significant differences in the ages, genders, underlying diseases, and stenosis sites between the two groups. The operation time in the TTS group was significantly shorter than that in the OTW group (104±68 vs. 252±111 seconds, P<0.001). Compared to the OTW group, the efficacy of stent implantation (97.80% vs. 90.70%, P=0.093) and rate of first-time successful stent implantation (78.02% vs. 74.42%, P=0.668) were higher in the TTS group, but did not reach statistically significance. The rates of granulation (28.57% vs. 41.86%, P=0.128) and restenosis (15.38% vs. 30.23%, P=0.064) in the TTS group were slightly lower as compared with the OTW group without achieving statistical significance. Conclusions: The TTS stent implantation procedure time was significantly shorter than that of the OTW airway stent with similar efficacy and complications, which might reduce the risk and flexibility of stent implantation. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR-IOR-17011431.

7.
J Affect Disord ; 318: 386-392, 2022 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For bipolar disorder, a severe, recurring mental disorder, pharmacotherapy is a cornerstone of effective treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate prescribing changes among patients with bipolar disorder discharged from two public psychiatric hospitals in Taiwan over a 14-year period. METHODS: Patients with bipolar disorder discharged from the two study hospitals between 2006 and 2019 (n = 9071) were included in the analysis. Prescribed drugs for the treatment of bipolar disorder, including mood stabilizers (i.e., lithium, valproate, carbamazepine, and lamotrigine), any antipsychotics (i.e., second- and first-generation antipsychotics; SGAs & FGAs), and any antidepressants, were examined. Complex polypharmacy was defined as the use of 3 or more agents among the prescribed drugs. Temporal trends of each prescribing pattern were analyzed using the Cochran-Armitage Trend test. RESULTS: The prescription rates of SGAs, any antidepressants, antidepressant monotherapy, antidepressants without mood stabilizers, and complex polypharmacy significantly increased over time, whereas the prescription rates of any mood stabilizers, lithium, carbamazepine, FGAs, and antidepressants plus mood stabilizers significantly decreased. LIMITATIONS: Treatment allocation is not randomized in a retrospective study. The diagnoses of bipolar disorder were based on clinical judgments. This was a hospital-based study. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial prescribing changes took place during the study period. The decreased use of lithium and the increased use of antidepressants were not in accordance with the evidence-based treatment and recommendations in treatment guidelines. Therefore, long-term outcomes of prescribing changes should be explored in the future.

8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 942465, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045674

RESUMO

Follicular helper T (TFH) cells provide specialized help for B cells to ensure optimal humoral immunity. The histone methyltransferase EZH2, as a chromatin repressor, secures the TFH differentiation by promoting TFH lineage associated gene expression during acute viral infection, including Tcf7 and Bcl6. By using conditional deletion murine system, we observed that EZH2 ablation in CD4+ T cells was accompanied by aberrant accumulation of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) DNMT1 and DNMT3B in TFH cells. And the loss of EZH2 promoted aggravation of DNA methylation status at Tcf7 locus. Therefore, our findings suggested that EZH2 plays an important role in maintenance of hypomethylation at Tcf7 locus thus affecting TFH differentiation during acute viral infection.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores , Viroses , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Histona Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Camundongos , Viroses/imunologia
9.
J Chromatogr A ; 1681: 463462, 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099695

RESUMO

Protein phosphorylation and O-linked glycosylation are two critical posttranslational modifications (PTMs) and they both target identical amino acid residues, generating "crosstalk". Analysis of the crosstalk between these PTMs is crucial for deciphering their biological functions. Although several strategies have been established to enrich N-linked glycopeptides and phosphopeptides simultaneously, they are not appropriate for O-linked glycopeptides and phosphopeptides. In this study, we established a method for the simultaneous enrichment and sequential elution of O-linked glycopeptides and phosphopeptides into two fractions using commercially available immobilized titanium (IV) ion affinity chromatography (Ti4+-IMAC) materials. The established method exhibited high selectivity, repeatability, and recovery of the targeted peptides. Particularly, the overlap between the O-linked glycopeptide and phosphopeptide fractions was very low (∼3%). The application of this method to cell lysates of the colon cancer HT29 cell line resulted in a comparable number of enriched phosphopeptides as the coeluted method. However, the number of identified O-linked glycopeptides with our established method was 9.7-fold higher than that with the coelution method. Our study demonstrated that the established strategy was beneficial for the simultaneous analysis of O-linked glycopeptides and phosphopeptides, which might facilitate the study of the biological function of PTM crosstalk.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091595

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the mechanism of electroacupuncture stimulation of the hand-taiyin meridian in regulating the molecular network of rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury based on transcriptomics. Methods: Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, and electroacupuncture (EA) group. Middle cerebral artery embolization/reperfusion injury (MCAO/R) was used to establish the model group and EA group. The sham operation group only performed sham operation without modeling and any intervention, and the model group was bound daily. The EA group received electroacupuncture to stimulate the acupoints of hand-taiyin meridian for 14 days. Then, neurological scores, pathomorphological observations, and Tunel staining were performed. Finally, the affected hippocampus of the rat was used for transcriptome sequencing and RT-PCR detection. Results: After electroacupuncture intervention in rats, neurological function scores were improved, and neuronal apoptosis was reduced. The results of transcriptomics showed that a total of 1097 differentially expressed genes were obtained, of which 422 were upregulated and 675 were downregulated. The bioinformatics analysis showed that those differentially expressed genes were related to axon development, neuron projection development, neuron projection morphogenesis, plasma membrane cell projection morphogenesis, cell part morphogenesis, notch signaling pathway, long-term potentiation, MAPK signaling pathway, Hedgehog signaling pathway, and so on. The results of RT-PCR showed that Caspase 9 mRNA increased and BDNF, Grin2a, and PlexinD1 mRNA decreased after electroacupuncture intervention (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Electroacupuncture intervention on hand-taiyin meridian may reduce neurological function scores, inhibit neuron apoptosis, and enhance neuronal repair neuroreparation in MCAO/R rats, which may be related to the regulation of genes such as Caspase 9, BDNF, Grin2a, and PlexinD1.

11.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 103115, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096439

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor with the highest incidence rate in women. Current diagnostic methods are time-consuming, costly, and dependent on physician experience. In this study, we used serum Raman spectroscopy combined with multiple classification algorithms to implement an auxiliary diagnosis method for breast cancer, which will help in the early diagnosis of breast cancer patients. We analyzed the serum Raman spectra of 171 invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and 100 healthy volunteers; The analysis showed differences in nucleic acids, carotenoids, amino acids, and lipid concentrations in their blood. These differences provide a theoretical basis for this experiment. First, we used adaptive iteratively reweighted penalized least squares (airPLS) and Savitzky-Golay (SG) for baseline correction and smoothing denoising to remove the effect of noise on the experiment. Then, the Principal component analysis (PCA) algorithm was used to extract features. Finally, we built four classification models: support vector machine (SVM), decision tree (DT), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and Neural Network Language Model (NNLM). The LDA, SVM, and NNLM achieve 100% accuracy. As supplementary, we added the classification experiment of the raw data. By comparing the experimental results of the two groups, We concluded that the NNLM was the best model. The results show the reliability of the combination of serum Raman spectroscopy and classification models under large sample conditions.

12.
Mikrochim Acta ; 189(10): 385, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125554

RESUMO

Cobalt hydroxide nanoparticles (Co(OH)2 NPs) were uniformly deposited on flexible carbon cloth substrate (Co(OH)2@CC) rapidly by a facile one-step electrodeposition, which can act as an enzyme-free glucose and uric acid sensor in an alkaline electrolyte. Compositional and morphological characterization were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), which confirmed the deposited nanospheres were Co(OH)2 nanoparticles (NPs). The electrochemical oxidation of glucose and uric acid at Co(OH)2@CC electrode was investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), and chronoamperometry methods. The results revealed a remarkable electrocatalytic activity toward the single and simultaneous determination of glucose and uric acid at about 0.6 V and 0.3 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), respectively, which is attributed to a noticeable synergy effect between Co(OH)2 NPs and CC with good repeatability, satisfactory reproducibility, considerable long-term stability, superior selectivity, outstanding sensitivity, and wide linear detection range from 1 uM to 2 mM and 25 nM to 1.5 uM for glucose and UA, respectively. The detection limits were 0.36 nM for UA and 0.24 µM for glucose (S/N = 3). Finally, the Co(OH)2@CC electrode was utilized for glucose and uric acid determination in human blood samples and satisfying results were obtained. The relative standard derivations (RSDs) for glucose and UA were in the range 6 to 14% and 0 to 3%, respectively. The recovery ranges for glucose an UA were 97 to 103% and 95 and 101%, respectively. These features make the novel Co(OH)2@CC sensor developed by a low-cost, efficient, and eco-friendly preparation method a potentially practical candidate for application to biosensors.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129488

RESUMO

The development of highly efficient hole transport materials (HTMs) for perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has been a hot research topic. Acridine and its derivatives are gradually utilized as new blocks for optoelectronic applications, which stems from its rigid conjugated structure, shedding a new light on this old molecule. Meanwhile, its application in PSCs as a HTM has not been well explored, and the efficiency of 9,10-dihydroacridine (ACR)-based HTMs is relatively low. In this work, we conduct a systematic modulation of the peripheral substituents for ACR core building block-based HTMs and investigate the effects of the electron-donating ability and π-conjugation of peripheral groups on the photovoltaic performance of the corresponding HTMs. It is found that the peripheral groups with a weaker electron-donating ability and stronger π-conjugation are more suitable for the acridine core, which itself has a stronger electron-donating ability. Through molecular engineering, the newly developed HTM ACR-PhDM achieves an impressive power conversion efficiency of 23.5%. Our work lays the foundation for the design and development of efficient HTMs in the future.

14.
Adv Mater ; : e2206364, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120802

RESUMO

Solar thermoelectric devices play a significant role in handling the global warming problem, owing to its unique feature of converting both waste heat and solar energy directly into electricity. Herein, we design a flexible three-dimensional Janus helical ribbon architecture starting from well-aligned tellurium (Te) nanowire film, using an in-situ redox process reacting with Ag+ and Cu2+ resulting in the n-type, p-type, and photothermal sides in one film. Remarkably, the device shows all-day electricity generation and large temperature gradient by coupling cold side with passive radiative cooling technique and hot side with selective solar absorption technique, showing a temperature gradient of 29.5 K which is much higher than previously reported devices under low solar radiation of only 614 W m-2 . Interestingly, the device can still generate electricity even at night. The present designed strategy offers a new way for heat management by efficiently utilizing solar energy and the cold of the universe. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
J Integr Med ; 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123283

RESUMO

This report presents the case of a 59-year-old man with severe COVID-19 that gradually progressed to cytokine release syndrome and then acute respiratory distress syndrome; he was successfully treated via integration of therapeutic plasma exchange and traditional Chinese medicine. The patient initially presented with a sore throat, severe muscle aches, productive cough and fever. On the worsening of symptoms, remdesivir was administered. However, as the symptoms continued to worsen and a cytokine release syndrome was suspected, oxygen was provided through a high-flow nasal cannula (50 L/min) and therapeutic plasma exchange was performed to prevent worsening of the acute respiratory distress syndrome. On the same day, a course of traditional Chinese medicine was introduced in consultation with the infectious house staff. The patient's symptoms gradually improved; the levels of C-reactive protein and D-dimers reduced, and the patient was weaned to a simple oxygen mask and eventually to room air. This is the first reported case of the integration of these treatments. Together, they prevented the patient from requiring intubation, played a role in cytokine management, and also improved the clinical symptoms, including productive purulent sputum, cough, frequent stool passage and intermittent fever, with no adverse effects. As a result, the patient was discharged within two weeks of the integration of these treatments. Therefore, the integration of therapeutic plasma exchange and traditional Chinese medicine is an effective therapy for patients with severe COVID-19.

16.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 35(9): 824-9, 2022 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124451

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore early efficacy of minimally invasive Chevron Akin(MICA) osteotomy for the treatment of mild to moderate hallux valgus. METHODS: From June 2019 to April 2021, a total of 26 patients (29 feet) with mild to moderate hallux valgus, including 1 male and 25 females aged from 19 to 78 years old with an average of(38.3±19.5) years old, were treated with MICA. Preoperative and postoperative hallux valgus angle(HVA), intermetatarsal angle(IMA) and shortening of the first metatarsal were observed and compared. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) forefoot scoring system and visual analogue scale (VAS) were applied to evaluate clinical outcome at the final follow-up, and complications were also recorded. RESULTS: All patients obtained followed up from 12 to 33 months with an average of(19.6±5.1) months. HVA and IMA was improved from (32.3±6.6)° and (11.7±3.2)° pre-operatively to (13.0±5.3)° and (6.1±3.2)° post-operatively, respectively, which had a significant difference (P<0.01). The average shortening of the first metatarsal was (2.7±1.1) mm. AOFAS and VAS was improved from (55.7±7.4) and (6.5±1.5) preoperatively and to (88.5±7.9) and (0.7±0.4) respectively at the final follow-up, which also had a significant difference(P<0.01). According to AOFAS score, 15 feet achieved an excellent result, 11 good and 3 moderate. CONCLUSION: MICA osteotomy is a safe and reliable surgical technique for mild to moderate hallux valgus with advantages of minimally invasive, rapid recovery, low complication rate and an effect improvement of hallux valgus deformity.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125398

RESUMO

Triangulenes have attracted enormous interest in organic chemistry and materials science, but suffer from their high instability towards oxygen. Embedding heteroatoms into triangulenes provides a new class of ambient stable materials for various applications. However, [3]heterotriangulenes have dominated the chemistry of heteroatom-doped triangulenes, while their higher homologues have been rarely explored. In this work, we synthesize a new [4]heterotriangulene with three oxygen-boron-oxygen (OBO) segments incorporated into the zigzag edges. The planar geometry of the OBO-doped [4]triangulene is demonstrated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Self-assembly on metal surfaces reveals substrate-dependent nanostructures, leading to different long-range ordered 2D patterns on Ag and Cu substrates with negligible defects.

18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 73-82, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054990

RESUMO

Constructing highly efficient cathode catalysts is of significance for the practical application of Zn-air batteries, while the accessibility of electrons and electrolyte to catalytic active sites is essential for the electrocatalytic processes of Zn-air battery. Herein, we established a novel strategy to construct CoNi@CN composites with open structure through template-modulating thermal transformation of Co-NRs@Co-Ni-MOF. The internal elongated Co-NRs will convert into carbon nanotubes to create an open channel to the metal active sites needed for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) processes, thereby increasing the O-containing intermediates transmission and boosting the ORR/OER performances. Surprisingly, the optimal Co3Ni1@CN-900 composites deliver excellent ORR/OER activities, affording a high half-wave potential (E1/2) of 0.869 V for ORR and a low overpotential of 366 mV for OER, as well as a narrow potential gap between ORR and OER of 0.727 V. Most impressively, the optimal Co3Ni1@CN-900 based aqueous and solid-state Zn-air batteries achieve outstanding battery properties with high OCVs, enhanced peak power densities and specific capacities, and excellent long-term charge-discharge stabilities. Meanwhile, the Co3Ni1@CN-900 based ZAB also exhibits an impressive practicality.

19.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15569, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114250

RESUMO

Drug interactions involving benzodiazepines and related drugs (BZDs) are increasingly recognized as a contributor to increased risk of unintentional traumatic injury. Yet, it remains unknown to what extent drug interaction triads (3DIs) may amplify BZDs' inherent injury risk. We identified BZD 3DI signals associated with increased injury rates by conducting high-throughput pharmacoepidemiologic screening of 2000-2019 Optum's health insurance data. Using self-controlled case series design, we included patients aged ≥ 16 years with an injury while using a BZD + co-dispensed medication (i.e., base pair). During base pair-exposed observation time, we identified other co-dispensed medications as candidate interacting precipitants. Within each patient, we compared injury rates during time exposed to the drug triad versus to the base pair only using conditional Poisson regression, adjusting for time-varying covariates. We calculated rate ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and accounted for multiple estimation via semi-Bayes shrinkage. Among the 65,123 BZD triads examined, 79 (0.1%) were associated with increased injury rates and considered 3DI signals. Adjusted RRs for signals ranged from 3.01 (95% CI = 1.53-5.94) for clonazepam + atorvastatin with cefuroxime to 1.42 (95% CI = 1.00-2.02, p = 0.049) for alprazolam + hydrocodone with tizanidine. These signals may help researchers prioritize future etiologic studies to investigate higher-order BZD interactions.


Assuntos
Lesões Acidentais , Benzodiazepinas , Alprazolam , Atorvastatina , Teorema de Bayes , Benzodiazepinas/efeitos adversos , Cefuroxima , Clonazepam , Interações Medicamentosas , Humanos , Hidrocodona
20.
Clin Transl Med ; 12(9): e1042, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: NF-κB signaling is widely linked to the pathogenesis and treatment resistance in cancers. Increasing attention has been paid to its anti-oncogenic roles, due to its key functions in cellular senescence and the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Therefore, thoroughly understanding the function and regulation of NF-κB in cancers is necessary prior to the application of NF-κB inhibitors. METHODS: We established glioblastoma (GBM) cell lines expressing ectopic TCF4N, an isoform of the ß-catenin interacting transcription factor TCF7L2, and evaluated its functions in GBM tumorigenesis and chemotherapy in vitro and in vivo. In p65 knock-out or phosphorylation mimic (S536D) cell lines, the dual role and correlation of TCF4N and NF-κB signaling in promoting tumorigenesis and chemosensitivity was investigated by in vitro and in vivo functional experiments. RNA-seq and computational analysis, immunoprecipitation and ubiquitination assay, minigene splicing assay and luciferase reporter assay were performed to identify the underlying mechanism of positive feedback regulation loop between TCF4N and the p65 subunit of NF-κB. A eukaryotic cell-penetrating peptide targeting TCF4N, 4N, was used to confirm the therapeutic significance. RESULTS: Our results indicated that p65 subunit phosphorylation at Ser 536 (S536) and nuclear accumulation was a promising prognostic marker for GBM, and endowed the dual functions of NF-κB in promoting tumorigenesis and chemosensitivity. p65 S536 phosphorylation and nuclear stability in GBM was regulated by TCF4N. TCF4N bound p65, induced p65 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation, inhibited its ubiquitination/degradation, and subsequently promoted NF-κB activity. p65 S536 phosphorylation was essential for TCF4N-led senescence-independent SASP, GBM tumorigenesis, tumor stem-like cell differentiation and chemosensitivity. Activation of p65 was closely connected to alterative splicing of TCF4N, a likely positive feedback regulation loop between TCF4N and p65 in GBM. 4N increased chemosensitivity, highlighting a novel anti-cancer strategy. CONCLUSION: Our study defined key roles of TCF4N as a novel regulator of NF-κB through mutual regulation with p65 and provided a new avenue for GBM inhibition.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Penetradores de Células , Glioblastoma , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Luciferases , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , beta Catenina
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