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1.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1320949, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375337

RESUMO

Objectives: Mobile apps have become commonplace in doctor-patient communication over the last 20 years. Doctors mainly use two kinds of app, social networking apps (i.e., WeChat) and medical platform apps (i.e., Haodf). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the attributes of social interaction in local society impact doctors' choice of mobile apps to communicate with patients. This article addresses two research questions: (a) To what degree do doctors' adoption patterns in different societies differ? (b) Why do doctors choose certain mobile apps to communicate with patients? Methods: This study employed a mixed methods research design to analyze doctor's adoption behavior patterns in two cities, Hangzhou (HZ) and Yancheng (YC), which represent two stages in transforming society. Various patterns, measured as the percentage of doctors who utilize the medical platform app of Haodf among all doctors and the average service counts per doctor, were compared in three groups of tertiary hospitals: the top ones in HZ, the average ones in HZ, and the average ones in YC. We also conducted thematic content analysis of qualitative data from semi-structured interviews with 20 purposely selected doctors in the two cities. Results: The percentages of doctors who have adopted the app of Haodf from the three groups of tertiary hospitals were 49.97%, 41.00%, and 32.03%, with an average service counts per doctor of 261, 182 and 39, respectively. According to the interviewees, doctors from YC are more likely to use social networking apps to communicate with patients than their HZ counterparts to maintain social connections with their relatives, friends, colleagues, and others. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that doctors' choices of mobile apps are dependent upon social context. In traditional society, where people have close ties, the logic of using social networking apps lies in doctors' need to maximize the utility of their knowledge by maintaining social connections with others. In modern society, where the close ties between people have gradually weakened, the logic of using medical platform apps lies in doctors' needs for reputation marketing, either for themselves or for institutions, their affiliated departments or hospitals.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Médicos , Humanos , Cidades , Comunicação , China
2.
Microbiol Spectr ; 12(4): e0365423, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385714

RESUMO

Pasteurella multocida serogroup F can infect a number of animals. However, the pathogenicity and genomic features of this serogroup are still largely unknown. In the present study, the pathogenicity and genomic sequences of 19 rabbit-sourced P. multocida serogroup F isolates were determined. The 19 isolates were highly pathogenic for rabbits causing severe pathologic lesions and high mortality in inoculated rabbits. Nevertheless, the pathologic lesions in rabbits caused by the 19 isolates were distinct from those caused by the previously reported high-virulent serogroup F strains J-4103 (rabbit), P-4218 (turkey), and C21724H3km7 (chicken). Moreover, the 19 isolates were avirulent to white feather broilers. The genomes of the 19 isolates were determined to understand the pathogenicity of these isolates. The finding of a number of functional genes in the 19 isolates by comparison with the low-virulent rabbit-sourced serogroup F strain s4 might contribute to the high virulence of these isolates. Notably, polymorphisms were determined in the lipopolysaccharide outer core biosynthetic genes natC and gatF among the serogroup F strains of different hosts. However, the sequences of natC and gatF from rabbit-sourced strains (except for SD11) were identical, which might be responsible for the host specific of the 19 isolates. The observations and findings in this study would be helpful for the understanding of the pathogenicity variation and host predilection of P. multocida. IMPORTANCE: The 19 rabbit-sourced Pasteurella multocida serogroup F isolates showing high virulence to rabbits were avirulent to the broilers. Notably, polymorphisms were determined in the lipopolysaccharide outer core biosynthetic genes natC and gatF among all serogroup F strains of different hosts. However, the sequences of natC and gatF from rabbit-sourced strains (except for SD11) were identical, which might be responsible for the host specific of the 19 isolates.


Assuntos
Infecções por Pasteurella , Pasteurella multocida , Animais , Coelhos , Pasteurella multocida/genética , Infecções por Pasteurella/veterinária , Infecções por Pasteurella/patologia , Sorogrupo , Galinhas , Lipopolissacarídeos , Genômica
3.
Front Vet Sci ; 11: 1320452, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328257

RESUMO

Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) is a neurohormone that not only suppresses reproduction at the brain level but also regulates steroidogenesis and gametogenesis at the gonad level. However, its function in gonadal physiology has received little attention in rabbits. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of GnIH on testicular development and function in prepubertal Minxinan Black rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). In the present study, we investigated the serum reproductive hormone concentration, testicular parameters, morphology of seminiferous tubules, apoptosis of testicular cells, and expression of reproductive-related genes in male prepubertal Minxinan Black rabbits intraperitoneally administered with 0, 0.5, 5, or 50 µg quail GnIH-related peptides (qGnIH) for 10 days. Compared with the vehicle, administration with 5 µg of qGnIH downregulated the serum testosterone concentration and mRNA levels of spermatogenic genes (PCNA, FSHR, INHßA, HSF1, and AR) and upregulated the apoptosis rate of testicular cells; administration with 50 µg of qGnIH decreased the serum testosterone concentration and hypothalamic GnIH gene mRNA level and increased the serum LH concentration, pituitary LHß gene mRNA level, testicular weight, gonadosomatic index (GSI), and spermatogenic cell layer thickness. It is concluded that GnIH could exert dual actions on testicular development depending on the male prepubertal rabbits receiving different intraperitoneal doses.

4.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 55(1): 51, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708435

RESUMO

Feed restriction after weaning is a common strategy used in commercial rabbit farms to improve feed efficiency, promote health, and reduce mortality. However, few studies have investigated the feed restrictions of Minxinan black rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Thus, the effects of feed restriction on growth and slaughter performance, intestinal morphology, and blood biochemical indices of Minxinan black rabbits were evaluated in this study. Rabbits in group A (control group) had ad libitum intake, while those in feed restriction groups (groups B, C, and D) were restricted to 80% of the average daily feed intake (ADFI) of group A the day before. The rabbits in group B were fed once per day at 8:00 am. Rabbits in groups C and D were fed twice per day at 8:00 am (50%) and 4:00 pm (50%) and 8:00 am (30%) and 4:00 pm (70%), respectively. The experimental period lasted for 8 weeks. Compared to that in group A, the diarrhea rate of group C was significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and the ADFI, feed conversion ratio, abdominal fat weight, abdominal fat rate, total protein, albumin, globulin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), low-density lipoprotein, and intestinal crypt depth of all feed restriction groups were significantly reduced (P < 0.01). Feed conversion ratio in group D was significantly better than that in groups B and C (P < 0.05). The efficiency index (EI) of groups C and D was higher than that of groups A and B (P < 0.01). Triglyceride levels in groups C and D were significantly lower than those in group A. The villus length to crypt depth of the duodenum and jejunum in group D was significantly higher than that in group A (P < 0.01). In conclusion, the following parameters can be improved by feed restriction: feed conversion ratio, diarrhea rate, abdominal fat rate, serum ALT, lipid indices and intestinal health of Minxinan black rabbits, and the EI of the farm. Feeding twice per day, 30% at 8:00 am and 70% at 4:00 pm, had the best comprehensive effects.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos , Promoção da Saúde , Coelhos , Animais , Intestinos , Diarreia/veterinária , Métodos de Alimentação/veterinária , Ração Animal/análise , Dieta/veterinária
5.
BMC Vet Res ; 18(1): 288, 2022 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35869529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pasteurella multocida is one of the most significant pathogens for a number of animals. In rabbits, the infection is generally associated with the P. multocida serogroups A and D, and the knowledge about the serogroup F is limited. In the present study, a P. multocida serogroup F isolate designated s4 was recovered from the lungs of rabbits died of respiratory disease in Fujian, in the southeast of China. The pathogenicity and genomic features of the s4 were then determined. RESULTS: The serotype and sequence type of s4 were F:L3 and ST12, respectively. The s4 was pathogenic for rabbits, but it was a low virulent strain comparing to the previously reported highly pathogenic P. multocida serogroup F strains J-4103, C21724H3km7, P-4218 and HN07. The whole genome of the s4 was then sequenced to understand the genomic basis for pathogenicity. Particularly, a large-sized fragment of approximate 275 kb in length was truncated from the chromosome to form a plasmid. Moreover, the in-frame deletion of natC and N-terminal redundance of gatF would resulted in the production of a mutant L3 outer core structure that was distinct from those of the other P. multocida strains belonging to the lipopolysaccharide genotype L3. We deduced that these features detected in the genome of s4 might impair the pathogenicity of the bacterium. CONCLUSIONS: This study evaluated the pathogenicity and determined the genomic features of the rabbit sourced P. multocida serogroup F isolate s4, the observations and findings would helpful for the understanding of the pathogenicity variability and genetic diversity of P. multocida.


Assuntos
Infecções por Pasteurella , Pasteurella multocida , Animais , Genômica , Infecções por Pasteurella/microbiologia , Infecções por Pasteurella/veterinária , Coelhos , Sorogrupo , Virulência/genética
6.
Front Public Health ; 9: 758529, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778189

RESUMO

Objective: Public trust in physicians and public health literacy (HL) are important factors that ensure the effectiveness of health-care delivery, particularly that provided during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. This study investigates HL as a predictor of public trust in physicians in China's ongoing efforts to control COVID-19. Methods: Data were gathered in February 2020 during the peak of the disease in China. Based on Nutbeam's conceptualization of HL, we measure HL vis-à-vis COVID-19 by using a six-item scale that includes two items each for functional, interactive, and critical HL. Trust in physicians was measured by assessing physicians' capability to diagnose COVID-19. A rank-sum test and ordinal logit regression modeling were used to analyze the data. Results: Two key findings: (a) trust in physician handling of treatment for COVID-19 is reported by about 74% of respondents; and (b) five of the six HL measures are positive predictors of public trust in physician treatment of the disease, with functional HL1 having the highest level of such association (coefficient 0.285, odds ratio 1.33%, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Improving public HL is important for better public-physician relationships, as well as for nations' efforts to contain the pandemic, serving as a possible behavioral, non-clinical antidote to COVID-19. Being confronted with the unprecedented virus, humans need trust. Health education and risk communication can improve public compliance with physicians' requirements and build a solid foundation for collective responses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Letramento em Saúde , Médicos , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Confiança
7.
Int J Health Plann Manage ; 36(1): 113-133, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: One of the greatest inequities in China's health care service is that between senior cadres, high-level bureaucrats, and the general public in terms of hospital access and payment. We aim to demonstrate this inequity and to explore its connection with the regional inequity of different levels of health care facilities. METHODS: In a content analysis of official websites of provincial health bureaus and national top hospitals, we determine whether senior cadres enjoy priority in health services with fewer payments. Then, we employ multiple regression analyses to explore the correlation of the local economy, the local population as well as the regional power and different levels of health care facilities. RESULTS: The content analysis suggests that senior cadres indeed enjoy priority in health care services. According to the regression results, the local population has a positive correlation with every level of health care facilities except the highest one, which is responsive only to the local power index. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate a demand-side cream-skimming effect in China's health care service. Senior cadres have taken the 'cream', the best services, and the individual inequity between senior cadres and the general public is related to the regional inequity of different-level health care facilities.


Assuntos
Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde , China
8.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 438, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pasteurella multocida is one of the important pathogens that infect rabbits, causing major economic losses in commercial rabbit farming. In this study, 205 P. multocida isolates recovered from lungs of dead rabbits with respiratory disease were defined by capsular serogroups, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) genotypes, multi-locus sequence types and screened virulence factors by using PCR assays, and tested antimicrobial susceptibility. RESULTS: The 205 isolates were assigned into 2 capsular types, A and D, and 2 LPS genotypes, L3 and L6. When combining capsular types with LPS genotypes, 4 serotypes were detected. A:L3 (51.22%, 105/205) was the most predominant serotype, followed by A:L6 (24.88%, 51/205), D:L6 (19.02%, 39/205) and D:L3 (4.88%, 10/205). The 205 isolates were grouped into 3 sequence types, ST10, ST11 and ST12. ST12 (56.10%, 115/205) was the most prevalent sequence type, followed by ST10 (24.88%, 51/205) and ST11 (19.02%, 39/205). In the 205 isolates, virulence associated genes ptfA, fur, hgbB, ompA, ompH and oma87 were positive in the PCR screening, whereas the toxA and tbpA genes were negative. Notably, the 156 capsular serogroup A isolates carried the pmHAS gene. All the 205 isolates were susceptible to most of the used antibiotics, except for streptomycin, gentamycin, kanamycin and ceftriaxone, and the resistance rates of which were 27.80, 15.61, 9.27 and 2.44%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study, for the first time, described the prevalence and characteristics of P. multocida causing respiratory disease in rabbits in Fujian Province, which might be useful for tracking the epidemic strains and development of efficient vaccines and methods to prevent and control the pathogen.


Assuntos
Infecções por Pasteurella/veterinária , Pasteurella multocida/isolamento & purificação , Coelhos/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana/veterinária , China/epidemiologia , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Infecções por Pasteurella/epidemiologia , Infecções por Pasteurella/microbiologia , Infecções por Pasteurella/mortalidade , Pasteurella multocida/genética , Pasteurella multocida/patogenicidade , Prevalência , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14694621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the gene mutation and streptomycin, isoniazid or rifampicin resistance of Mycobacterium isolated from silico-tuberculosis patient's sputum so as to find a more effective therapy for this disease. METHODS: Mycobacteria tuberculosis were separated from 96 coal worker with silico-tuberculosis firstly. Then rpsL, KatG and rpoB fragments of genome were copied with PCR and compared their SSCP profiles with standard strains. RESULTS: 67 strains of streptomycin, isoniazid or rifampicin resistant Mycobacteria tuberculosis were found in routine drug resistance test, with the percentages of 80.5% (54/67), 58.2% (39/67) respectively. PCR-SSCP showed that out of 67 drug-resistant strains, 66(98.5%) of rpsL, 47(70.1%) of rpoB and 42(62.7%) of KatG appeared abnormal. CONCLUSION: Most of the resistant strains appeared gene mutation. The mution rates were higher than the results from routine drug resistance test.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Silicotuberculose/microbiologia , Carvão Mineral , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Mutação , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo Conformacional de Fita Simples , Escarro/microbiologia
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