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1.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Highly active hepatitis B virus (HBV) is known to be associated with poor outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aims to investigate the relationship between HBV status and HCC recurrence after liver transplantation. METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed HCC patients undergoing liver transplantation in two centers between January 2015 and December 2020. We reviewed post-transplant HBV status and its association with outcomes. RESULTS: The prognosis of recipients with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) reappearance (n=58) was poorer than those with HBsAg persistent negative (n=351) and positive (n=53). In HBsAg persistent positive group, recipients with HBV DNA reappearance or > 10-fold increase above baseline had worse outcomes than those without (P<0.01). HBV reactivation was defined as (a) HBsAg reappearance or (b) HBV DNA reappearance or > 10-fold increase above baseline. After propensity score matching, the 5-year overall survival rate and recurrence-free survival rate after liver transplantation in recipients with HBV reactivation were significantly lower than those without (32.0% vs 62.3%; P<0.01, and 16.4% vs 63.1%; P<0.01, respectively). Moreover, HBV reactivation was significantly related to post-transplant HCC recurrence, especially lung metastasis. Cox regression analysis revealed that beyond Milan criteria, microvascular invasion and HBsAg positive graft were independent risk factors for post-transplant HBV reactivation, and a novel nomogram was established accordingly with a good predictive efficacy (AUROC=0.78, C-index =0.73). CONCLUSIONS: Recipients with HBV reactivation had worse outcomes and higher tumor recurrence rates than those without. The nomogram could be used to evaluate the risk of post-transplant HBV reactivation effectively.

2.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 66, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331935

RESUMO

Histone lysine crotonylation (Kcr) is a new acylation modification first discovered in 2011, which has important biological significance for gene expression, cell development, and disease treatment. In the past over ten years, numerous signs of progress have been made in the research on the biochemistry of Kcr modification, especially a series of Kcr modification-related "reader", "eraser", and "writer" enzyme systems are identified. The physiological function of crotonylation and its correlation with development, heredity, and spermatogenesis have been paid more and more attention. However, the development of disease is usually associated with abnormal Kcr modification. In this review, we summarized the identification of crotonylation modification, Kcr-related enzyme system, biological functions, and diseases caused by abnormal Kcr. This knowledge supplies a theoretical basis for further exploring the function of crotonylation in the future.

3.
Int Endod J ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332717

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the influence of PDGF-AA on cell communication between human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) by characterizing gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) and its potential biomechanical mechanism. METHODOLOGY: Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure connexin family member expression in DPSCs. Cell migration and CCK-8 assays were utilized to examine the influence of PDGF-AA on DPSC migration and proliferation. A scrape loading/dye transfer assay was applied to evaluate GJIC triggered by PDGF-AA, a PI3K/Akt signalling pathway blocker (LY294002) and a PDGFR-α blocker (AG1296). Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to test the expression and distribution of the Cx43 and p-Akt proteins in DPSCs. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and immunofluorescence were used to observe the morphology of GJIC in DPSCs. RESULTS: PDGF-AA promoted gap junction formation and intercellular communication between human dental pulp stem cells. PDGF-AA upregulates the expression of Cx43 to enhance gap junction formation and intercellular communication. PDGF-AA binds to PDGFR-α and activates PI3K/Akt signalling to regulate cell communication. CONCLUSIONS: This research demonstrated that PDGF-AA can enhance Cx43-mediated GJIC in DPSCs via the PDGFR-α/PI3K/Akt axis, which provides new cues for dental pulp regeneration from the perspective of intercellular communication.

4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 52, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321555

RESUMO

Bacterial cystitis, a commonly occurring urinary tract infection (UTI), is renowned for its extensive prevalence and tendency to recur. Despite the extensive utilization of levofloxacin as a conventional therapeutic approach for bacterial cystitis, its effectiveness is impeded by adverse toxic effects, drug resistance concerns, and its influence on the gut microbiota. This study introduces Lev@PADM, a hydrogel with antibacterial properties that demonstrates efficacy in the treatment of bacterial cystitis. Lev@PADM is produced by combining levofloxacin with decellularized porcine acellular dermal matrix hydrogel and exhibits remarkable biocompatibility. Lev@PADM demonstrates excellent stability as a hydrogel at body temperature, enabling direct administration to the site of infection through intravesical injection. This localized delivery route circumvents the systemic circulation of levofloxacin, resulting in a swift and substantial elevation of the antimicrobial agent's concentration specifically at the site of infection. The in vivo experimental findings provide evidence that Lev@PADM effectively prolongs the duration of levofloxacin's action, impedes the retention and invasion of E.coli in the urinary tract, diminishes the infiltration of innate immune cells into infected tissues, and simultaneously preserves the composition of the intestinal microbiota. These results indicate that, in comparison to the exclusive administration of levofloxacin, Lev@PADM offers notable benefits in terms of preserving the integrity of the bladder epithelial barrier and suppressing the recurrence of urinary tract infections.


Assuntos
Derme Acelular , Cistite , Infecções Urinárias , Suínos , Animais , Levofloxacino , Hidrogéis
5.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 16: 1354455, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327498

RESUMO

Background: Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common and disabling phenomenon in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), but effective treatment approach remains inconclusive. Dysfunctional emotional factors play a key role in FOG. Since primary motor cortex (M1) connects with prefrontal areas via the frontal longitudinal system, where are responsible for emotional regulation, we hypothesized M1 may be a potential neuromodulation target for FOG therapy. The purpose of this study is to explore whether high-frequency rTMS over bilateral M1 could relieve FOG and emotional dysregulation in patients with PD. Methods: This study is a single-center, randomized double-blind clinical trial. Forty-eight patients with PD and FOG from the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University were randomly assigned to receive 10 sessions of either active (N = 24) or sham (N = 24) 10 Hz rTMS over the bilateral M1. Patients were evaluated at baseline (T0), after the last session of treatment (T1) and 30 days after the last session (T2). The primary outcomes were Freezing of Gait Questionnaire (FOGQ) scores, with Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) time, Standing-Start 180° Turn (SS-180) time, SS-180 steps, United Parkinson Disease Rating Scales (UPDRS) III, Hamilton Depression scale (HAMD)-24 and Hamilton Anxiety scale (HAMA)-14 as secondary outcomes. Results: Two patients in each group dropped out at T2 and no serious adverse events were reported by any subject. Two-way repeated ANOVAs revealed significant group × time interactions in FOGQ, TUG, SS-180 turn time, SS-180 turning steps, UPDRS III, HAMD-24 and HAMA-14. Post-hoc analyses showed that compared to T0, the active group exhibited remarkable improvements in FOGQ, TUG, SS-180 turn time, SS-180 turning steps, UPDRS III, HAMD-24 and HAMA-14 at T1 and T2. No significant improvement was found in the sham group. The Spearman correlation analysis revealed a significantly positive association between the changes in HAMD-24 and HAMA-14 scores and FOGQ scores at T1. Conclusion: High-frequency rTMS over bilateral M1 can improve FOG and reduce depression and anxiety in patients with PD.

6.
Retina ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324737

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the surgical results of vitrectomy with untreated or pretreated lyophilized human amniotic membrane (LhAM) grafts covering in treating retinal detachment (RD) related to posterior retinal breaks above chorioretinal atrophy (CRA) in pathologic myopia (PM). METHODS: Nineteen patients with RD related to macular hole (MH) located above macular atrophy (MA) and/or posterior paravascular retinal breaks (PRBs) located above patchy CRA in PM were included. These eyes underwent vitrectomy with untreated LhAM covering (n = 10) or perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL)-assisted pretreated LhAM covering (n = 9; grafts were pretreated in 0.125% indocyanine green and 50% hypertonic glucose solution for 15 to 20 minutes). The closure of the MH or PRBs, reattachment of the retina and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were measured postoperatively. RESULTS: Postoperatively, graft dislocation or shift was only found in 2 eyes (20%) in the untreated group. The closure rate of the MH or PRBs was 80% (8/10) and 100% (9/9) in the untreated group and pretreated group, respectively. The occurrence rate of excessive gliosis was 40% and 11% in the untreated group and the pretreated group, respectively. In both groups. BCVA was improved and the retinal reattachment rate was 100% at the final visit. CONCLUSIONS: PFCL-assisted pretreated LhAM graft covering was effective in treating RD related to MH and/or PRBs situated above MA or patchy CRA in PM. This technique appeared to reduce graft dislocation or shift, promote the closures of MHs/PRBs, and reduce the occurrence of gliosis.

7.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; : 100729, 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309569

RESUMO

Diagnosing, predicting disease outcome, and identifying effective treatment targets for virus-related cancers are lacking. Protein biomarkers have the potential to bridge the gap between prevention and treatment for these types of cancers. While it has been shown that certain antibodies against EBV proteins could be used to detect nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), antibodies targeting are solely a tiny part of the about 80 proteins expressed by the EBV genome. Furthermore, it remains unclear what role other viruses play in NPC since many diseases are the result of multiple viral infections. For the first time, this study measured both IgA and IgG antibody responses against 646 viral proteins from 23 viruses in patients with NPC and control subjects using nucleic acid programmable protein arrays. Candidate seromarkers were then validated by ELISA using 1665 serum samples from three clinical cohorts. We demonstrate that the levels of five candidate seromarkers (EBV-BLLF3-IgA, EBV-BLRF2-IgA, EBV-BLRF2-IgG, EBV-BDLF1-IgA, EBV-BDLF1-IgG) in NPC patients were significantly elevated than controls. Additional examination revealed that NPC could be successfully diagnosed by combining the clinical biomarker EBNA1-IgA with the five anti-EBV antibodies. The sensitivity of the six-antibody signature at 95% specificity to diagnose NPC was comparable to the current clinically-approved biomarker combination, VCA-IgA and EBNA1-IgA. However, the recombinant antigens of the five antibodies are easier to produce and standardize compared to the native viral VCA proteins. This suggests the potential replacement of the traditional VCA-IgA assay with the 5-antibodies combination to screen and diagnose NPC. Additionally, we investigated the prognostic significance of these seromarkers titers in NPC. We showed that NPC patients with elevated BLLF3-IgA and BDLF1-IgA titers in their serum exhibited significantly poorer disease-free survival, suggesting the potential of these two seromarkers as prognostic indicators of NPC. These findings will help develop serological tests to detect and treat NPC in the future.

8.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This research explored the factors influencing early neurological outcomes (ENO) in patients who had vertebrobasilar artery occlusion (VBAO) and received endovascular treatment (EVT), as well as examining the causal influence of ENO on the prognosis of VBAO patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was carried out on patients from 65 Chinese stroke centers, all within 24 hours of the estimated occlusion time. ENO includes early neurological improvement (ENI) and early neurological deterioration (END), defined as a decrease or an increase of at least 4 points in NIHSS score between baseline and 24 hours after EVT. Death within 24 hours after EVT also consider as END. END was further divided into explainable END and unexplainable END (unEND). Independent predictors of ENO and the association between ENO and outcomes in patients with VBAO were determined using center-adjusted analyses. The study developed a multivariate logistic regression model to examine the comparative risk of unEND versus explainable END on the clinical outcomes in VBAO patients. RESULTS: A total of 2257 patients were included. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) (OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.03-1.30) and successful reperfusion (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.02-1.30) were associated with ENI. Baseline NIHSS (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.53-0.68), successful reperfusion (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.71-0.89) and puncture to reperfusion time (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.03-1.33) were associated with END. When examining three-month prognostic indexes, both END and ENI were found to be linked to the three-month outcomes, but in opposite directions. A subgroup analysis of END suggested that unexplained END typically demonstrated a more favorable prognosis compared to explained END, although the prognosis remained generally unfavorable. CONCLUSIONS: ENO, whether they manifested as early improvement or deterioration, were linked to the prognosis of VBAO patients undergoing EVT. The outcomes after unEND were more favorable than those following explained END.

9.
Biochem Genet ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302849

RESUMO

The mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis is poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to identify key deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) for endometriosis diagnosis and elucidate the possible mechanism, offering novel insights for noninvasive early diagnosis and treatment. Four gene expression datasets were employed from the Gene Expression Omnibus to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between endometriosis and normal controls. GO and KEGG pathways were performed for enrichment analysis. Calibration curves, ROC, DCA, and clinical impact curves verified the clinical usefulness of the nomogram model. In addition, the ssGSEA method was conducted to estimate 23 types of immune cells. A specific DUB gene signature was constructed with Lasso regression, univariate logistic regression, and SVM analysis. RT-qPCR validated the expression of biomarkers. A total of 85 endometriosis-related DUBs were identified in the eutopic endometrium. Among them, 20 DUBs were found to be correlated with the severity of endometriosis. A diagnostic risk model based on five DUB-related genes (USP21, USP48, ZRANB1, COPS5, and EIF3F) was developed using lasso-cox regression analysis. The nomogram model exhibited a strong predictive ability to diagnose endometriosis. KEGG analysis revealed that ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis was activated in patients suffering from severe symptoms. Analysis of immune cell infiltration revealed a positive correlation between USP21 and multiple immune cells in the eutopic endometrium. However, EIF3F showed an opposite relationship. Dysregulation of DUBs was related to the immune microenvironment in endometriosis. Results from RT-qPCR confirmed the expression of DEGs in clinical samples. In summary, the diagnostic model for endometriosis constructed using five differentially expressed DUB genes demonstrates strong diagnostic capability, suggesting that these genes could serve as potential candidate biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

10.
Plant J ; 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305492

RESUMO

Floral patterns are unique to rice and contribute significantly to its reproductive success. SL1 encodes a C2H2 transcription factor that plays a critical role in flower development in rice, but the molecular mechanism regulated by it remains poorly understood. Here, we describe interactions of the SL1 with floral homeotic genes, SPW1, and DL in specifying floral organ identities and floral meristem fate. First, the sl1 spw1 double mutant exhibited a stamen-to-pistil transition similar to that of sl1, spw1, suggesting that SL1 and SPW1 may located in the same pathway regulating stamen development. Expression analysis revealed that SL1 is located upstream of SPW1 to maintain its high level of expression and that SPW1, in turn, activates the B-class genes OsMADS2 and OsMADS4 to suppress DL expression indirectly. Secondly, sl1 dl displayed a severe loss of floral meristem determinacy and produced amorphous tissues in the third/fourth whorl. Expression analysis revealed that the meristem identity gene OSH1 was ectopically expressed in sl1 dl in the fourth whorl, suggesting that SL1 and DL synergistically terminate the floral meristem fate. Another meristem identity gene, FON1, was significantly decreased in expression in sl1 background mutants, suggesting that SL1 may directly activate its expression to regulate floral meristem fate. Finally, molecular evidence supported the direct genomic binding of SL1 to SPW1 and FON1 and the subsequent activation of their expression. In conclusion, we present a model to illustrate the roles of SL1, SPW1, and DL in floral organ specification and regulation of floral meristem fate in rice.

11.
Physiol Genomics ; 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38314698

RESUMO

This study investigated the interaction between genetic differences in stress reactivity/coping and environmental challenge, such as acute stress during adolescence on adult contextual fear memory and anxiety-like behaviors. Fischer 344 (F344) and the inbred F344;WKY-Stresp3/Eer congenic strain (congenic), in which chromosomal regions from the Wistar Kyoto (WKY) strain were introgressed into the F344 background, were exposed to a modified Forced Swim Test (FST) during adolescence while controls were undisturbed. In adulthood, fear learning and memory, assessed by Contextual Fear Conditioning (CFC), were significantly greater in congenic animals compared to F344s, and stress during adolescence increased them even further in males of both strains. Anxiety-like behavior, measured by the Open Field Test (OFT), were also greater in congenics than F344s, and stress during adolescence increased it further in both strains of adult males. Whole genome sequencing of the F344;WKY-Stresp3/Eer strain revealed an enrichment of WKY genotypes in Chromosomes 9,14 and 15. An example of functional WKY sequence variations in the congenic strain, Cannabinoid Receptor Interacting Protein 1 (Cnrip1) had a Cnrip1 transcript isoform that lacked two exons. Although the original hypothesis that the genetic predisposition to increased anxiety of the WKY donor strain would exaggerate fear memory relative to the background strain was confirmed, the consequences of adolescent stress were strain independent but sex dependent in adulthood. Molecular genomic approaches combined with genetic mapping of WKY sequence variations in Chrs 9,14, and 15 could aid in finding quantitative trait genes contributing to the variation in fear memory.

13.
Opt Express ; 32(2): 1465-1477, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297697

RESUMO

High power and high brightness laser lighting puts forward new requirements for phosphor converters such as high luminous efficiency, high thermal conductivity and high saturation threshold due to the severe thermal effect. The structure design of phosphor converters is proposed as what we believe to be a novel strategy for less heat production and more heat conduction. In this work, the rod-shaped YAG:Ce phosphor ceramics (PCs) and disc-shaped YAG:Ce PCs as control group were fabricated by the gel casting and vacuum sintering, to comparatively study the luminescence performance for LD lighting, on the premise that the total number of transverse Ce3+ ions and the volume of samples from two comparison groups were same. All rod YAG:Ce PCs with low Ce3+ concentration exhibited the high luminous efficiency and better thermal stability than YAG:Ce discs with high Ce3+ concentration. Under the laser power density of 47.8 W/mm2, the luminous saturation was never observed in all rod-shaped YAG:Ce PCs. The high luminous efficacy of 245∼274 lm/W, CRI of 56.3∼59.5 and CCT of 4509∼4478 K were achieved. More importantly, due to the extremely low Ce3+ doping concentration (0.01 at%), rod-shaped ceramics based LDs devices showed the excellent thermal performance and their surface temperatures were even below 30.5 °C surprisingly under the laser power density of 20.3 W·mm-2 (2 W). These results indicate that the rod shape of phosphor converter is a promising structure engineering for high power laser lighting.

14.
Opt Express ; 32(2): 2644-2657, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297788

RESUMO

Lu3Al5O12:Ce (LuAG:Ce) phosphor ceramics (PCs) with the excellent thermal stability and high saturation threshold are considered as the best green-fluorescent converters for high-power laser diodes (LDs) lighting. In this study, the effects of sintering additives and sintering processes on the transmittance and microstructure of LuAG:Ce PCs were systematically studied, and the luminescence performance of ceramics with different transmittance was compared. LuAG:Ce PCs with the transmittance of 80% (@800 nm, 1.5 mm) were obtained by using 0.1 wt.% MgO and 0.5 wt.% TEOS as sintering additives, combined with optimized vacuum pre-sintering and hot isostatic pressing. Compared to the non-HIP samples, the transmittance had increased by 11%. The microstructure of ceramics indicated that high transparency was closely related to the decrease in intergranular pores. Notably, the luminous efficiency of 253 lm/W and its saturation thresholds of > 46 W/mm2 were obtained simultaneously in green-emitting LDs devices. Moreover, under 3W laser irradiation, highly transparent ceramics had the low surface temperature of 66.4 °C, indicating the good heat dissipation performance. The observed high luminous efficiency and high saturation threshold of LuAG:Ce PCs were attributed to fewer pores and oxygen vacancies. Therefore, this work proves that highly transparent LuAG:Ce PCs are promising green-fluorescent converters for high-power LDs lighting.

15.
Opt Lett ; 49(3): 570-573, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300061

RESUMO

Recently, there has been significant interest in the generation of coherent temporal solitons in optical microresonators. In this Letter, we present a demonstration of dissipative Kerr soliton generation in a microrod resonator using an auxiliary-laser-assisted thermal response control method. In addition, we are able to control the repetition rate of the soliton over a range of 200 kHz while maintaining the pump laser frequency, by applying external stress tuning. Through the precise control of the PZT voltage, we achieve a stability level of 3.9 × 10-10 for residual fluctuation of the repetition rate when averaged 1 s. Our platform offers precise tuning and locking capabilities for the repetition frequency of coherent mode-locked combs in microresonators. This advancement holds great potential for applications in spectroscopy and precision measurements.

16.
J Hematol Oncol ; 17(1): 7, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) play a crucial role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) initiation, progression, recurrence, and treatment resistance, the mechanism underlying liver CSC self-renewal remains elusive. We aim to characterize the role of Methyltransferase 16 (METTL16), a recently identified RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methyltransferase, in HCC development/maintenance, CSC stemness, as well as normal hepatogenesis. METHODS: Liver-specific Mettl16 conditional KO (cKO) mice were generated to assess its role in HCC pathogenesis and normal hepatogenesis. Hydrodynamic tail-vein injection (HDTVi)-induced de novo hepatocarcinogenesis and xenograft models were utilized to determine the role of METTL16 in HCC initiation and progression. A limiting dilution assay was utilized to evaluate CSC frequency. Functionally essential targets were revealed via integrative analysis of multi-omics data, including RNA-seq, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP)-seq, and ribosome profiling. RESULTS: METTL16 is highly expressed in liver CSCs and its depletion dramatically decreased CSC frequency in vitro and in vivo. Mettl16 KO significantly attenuated HCC initiation and progression, yet only slightly influenced normal hepatogenesis. Mechanistic studies, including high-throughput sequencing, unveiled METTL16 as a key regulator of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) maturation and mRNA translation and identified eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit a (eIF3a) transcript as a bona-fide target of METTL16 in HCC. In addition, the functionally essential regions of METTL16 were revealed by CRISPR gene tiling scan, which will pave the way for the development of potential inhibitor(s). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the crucial oncogenic role of METTL16 in promoting HCC pathogenesis and enhancing liver CSC self-renewal through augmenting mRNA translation efficiency.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Autorrenovação Celular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Ribossomos/metabolismo , RNA
17.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312038

RESUMO

Transition metal sulfides are promising electrode materials for supercapacitors due to their excellent electrochemical performance and high conductivity. Unfortunately, the low rate performance and poor cycling stability limited their progress towards commercial applications. Herein, the core-shell structure of MoO42--intercalated LDHs coated on Co9S8 nanotubes was rationally designed and prepared to improve their electrochemical performance and cycling stability by adjusting the composition of LDHs. Compared to NiMo-LDH@Co9S8 and CoMo-LDH@Co9S8, the optimized NiCoMo-LDH@Co9S8 electrode exhibits excellent areal specific capacitance (11 F cm-2 at 3 mA cm-2) and excellent cycling stability (94.4% after 5000 cycles). In addition, asymmetric supercapacitor devices were assembled with NiCoMo-LDH@Co9S8 and activated carbon (AC), which delivered a high energy density of 0.94 mWh cm-2, at a power density of 1.70 mW cm-2, and good cycling stability (89.4% after 5000 cycles). These results indicate that the introduction of MoO42- can enhance the synergistic effect of multiple metals and the synthesized NiCoMo-LDH@Co9S8 core-shell composite has great potential in the development of high-performance electrode materials for supercapacitors.

18.
J Biol Chem ; : 105734, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336294

RESUMO

Numerous putative glycosyltransferases (GTs) have been identified using bioinformatic approaches. However, demonstrating the activity of these GTs remains a challenge. Here, we describe the development of a rapid in vitro GT-array (i-GT-ray) screening platform for activity of GTs. GT-arrays are generated by cell-free in vitro protein synthesis and binding using microplates pre-coated with a N-terminal Halo- or C-terminal GST-tagged GT-encoding plasmid DNA and a capture antibody. These arrays are then used for screening of transferase activities and the reactions are monitored by a luminescence GLOTM assay. The products formed by these reactions can be analyzed directly from the microplates by mass spectrometry. Using this platform, a total of 280 assays were performed to screen 22 putative fucosyltransferases (FUTs) from family GT37 (seven from Arabidopsis and 15 from rice) for activity toward five acceptors: non-fucosylated tamarind xyloglucan (TXyG), arabinotriose (Ara3), non-fucosylated rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) and RG-II from the mur1-1 Arabidopsis mutant, and the celery RG-II monomer lacking Arap and MeFuc of chain B and l-Gal of chain A. Our screen showed that AtFUT2, AtFUT5 and AtFUT10 have activity toward RG-I, while AtFUT8 was active on RG-II. Five rice OsFUTs have XyG-FUT activity and four rice OsFUTs have activity toward Ara3. None of the putative OsFUTs were active on the RG-I and RG-II. However, promiscuity toward acceptors was observed for several FUTs. These findings extend our knowledge of cell wall polysaccharide fucosylation in plants. We believe that i-GT-ray platform provides a valuable tool for cell wall biochemistry and other research fields.

19.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 15(2)2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398964

RESUMO

This paper presents a two-axis AlScN-based water-immersible MEMS mirror fabricated in an 8-inch MEMS process. Compared with other studies, this device has a larger optical aperture 10 mm in diameter. The resonant frequencies of the device are 1011 Hz in air and 342 Hz in water. The scanning angle reaches ±5° and ±2° at resonant frequencies in air and water, respectively. The cavitation phenomenon is observed when the device is operating in water, which leads the device to electrical failure. To address this issue, a device with reduced resonant frequencies-246 Hz and 152 Hz in air and water-is characterized, through which the bubbles can be effectively prohibited. This MEMS mirror could potentially be used in ultrasound and photoacoustic microscopy applications.

20.
Nat Microbiol ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326570

RESUMO

Engineered microbial consortia often have enhanced system performance and robustness compared with single-strain biomanufacturing production platforms. However, few tools are available for generating co-cultures of the model and key industrial host Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we engineer auxotrophic and overexpression yeast strains that can be used to create co-cultures through exchange of essential metabolites. Using these strains as modules, we engineered two- and three-member consortia using different cross-feeding architectures. Through a combination of ensemble modelling and experimentation, we explored how cellular (for example, metabolite production strength) and environmental (for example, initial population ratio, population density and extracellular supplementation) factors govern population dynamics in these systems. We tested the use of the toolkit in a division of labour biomanufacturing case study and show that it enables enhanced and tuneable antioxidant resveratrol production. We expect this toolkit to become a useful resource for a variety of applications in synthetic ecology and biomanufacturing.

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