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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4836, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649356

RESUMO

To date, a large number of Bacillus species from different sources have been identified. However, there are few investigations on genome information and evolutionary insights of Bacillus species from cold environments. Bacillus sp. TK-2, isolated from the soil of Changbai Mountain, is a gram-positive bacterium with cold adaptation characteristics. In this study, we present the annotated complete genome sequence of Bacillus sp. TK-2. The genome comprised 5,286,177 bp with a GC content of 35.88%, 5293 protein-encoding genes, 32 rRNA, and 77 tRNA. Numerous genes related to cold adaptation were detected in the genome of Bacillus sp. TK-2, mainly involving in energy supply, regulation of cell membrane fluidity, antioxidant, and molecular chaperones. In addition, the strain TK-2 classified in the Bacillus groups was distributed on a terminal branch with Bacillus cereus A1 by Blastn and phylogenetic analysis in NCBI database. Complete genome sequences of the strain TK-2 and Bacillus cereus A1 were compared by the online tool "Average Nucleotide Identity", showing that the average nucleotide identity of these two strains was 98.26%. In parallel, A comparative analysis of the genomes of both Bacillus sp. TK-2 and Bacillus cereus A1 was conducted. Through the analysis of core and specific genes with cd-hit, it was found that the two strains had 5691 pan gene, 4524 core gene, and 1167 specific gene clusters. Among the 624 specific gene clusters of Bacillus sp. TK-2, some cold tolerance genes were detected, which implied the unique adaptability of Bacillus sp. TK-2 in long-term low temperature environments. Importantly, enzyme-encoding genes related to the degradation of polysaccharides such as cellulose and hemicellulose were detected in the 477 CAZyme genes of this genome. This work on sequencing and bioinformatics analysis of the complete sequence of Bacillus sp. TK-2 promote the application and in-depth research of low-temperature biotechnology.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629806

RESUMO

Asian countries are facing an increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), which may aggravate the burden of cardiovascular diseases in this region. MetS is closely associated with ambulatory blood pressure (BP). Patients with MetS, compared to those without, had a twofold higher risk of new-onset office, home, or ambulatory hypertension. Furthermore, the risk of new-onset MetS in patients with white-coat, masked and sustained hypertension was also doubled compared to normotensives. High-risk masked hypertension and blunted nighttime BP dipping are common in patients with MetS, suggesting perfect 24-hour BP control with long-acting antihypertensive drugs and early initiation of combination therapy might be especially important for patients with MetS.

3.
Eur J Med Chem ; 215: 113269, 2021 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588177

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is resulted from activations of polyol pathway and oxidative stress by abnormal metabolism of glucose, and no specific medication is available. We designed a novel class of benzoxazolone derivatives, and a number of individuals were found to have significant antioxidant activity and inhibition of aldose reductase of the key enzyme in the polyol pathway. The outstanding compound (E)-2-(7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxystyryl)-2-oxobenzo[d]oxazol-3(2H)-yl)acetic acid was identified to reduce urinary proteins in diabetic mice suggesting an alleviation in the diabetic nephropathy, and this was confirmed by kidney hematoxylin-eosin staining. Further investigations showed blood glucose normalization, declined in the polyol pathway and lipid peroxides, and raised glutathione and superoxide dismutase activity. Thus, we suggest a therapeutic function of the compound for DN which could be attributed to the combination of hypoglycemic, aldose reductase inhibition and antioxidant.

4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1066, 2021 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594071

RESUMO

Pelvic radiograph (PXR) is essential for detecting proximal femur and pelvis injuries in trauma patients, which is also the key component for trauma survey. None of the currently available algorithms can accurately detect all kinds of trauma-related radiographic findings on PXRs. Here, we show a universal algorithm can detect most types of trauma-related radiographic findings on PXRs. We develop a multiscale deep learning algorithm called PelviXNet trained with 5204 PXRs with weakly supervised point annotation. PelviXNet yields an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.973 (95% CI, 0.960-0.983) and an area under the precision-recall curve (AUPRC) of 0.963 (95% CI, 0.948-0.974) in the clinical population test set of 1888 PXRs. The accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity at the cutoff value are 0.924 (95% CI, 0.912-0.936), 0.908 (95% CI, 0.885-0.908), and 0.932 (95% CI, 0.919-0.946), respectively. PelviXNet demonstrates comparable performance with radiologists and orthopedics in detecting pelvic and hip fractures.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aprendizado Profundo , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Médicos , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pelve/patologia , Curva ROC
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634570

RESUMO

Guidelines on the management of hypertension have been developed by various professional bodies and institutions to primarily address the issues of diagnosis, treatment, and control in order to rationalize and improve the management of hypertension. Hypertension guidelines across the world have recently been updated following the new and controversial lower blood pressure threshold of ≥130/80 mmHg for the diagnosis of hypertension adopted by the Americans. While there are differences between the major as well as between the Asian national guidelines, there were also many similarities. This paper discusses and highlights the differences and similarities between the major international guidelines of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association, of the European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension, and of the International Society of Hypertension and also compares them with the Asian guidelines.

6.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 200: 111596, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582445

RESUMO

The combination of photothermal therapy (PTT) and chemotherapy is a promising strategy to overcome the shortcomings of monotherapy. For the first time, we designed a self-coated nanoparticle formed by mesoporous polydopamine (MPDA) core and polydopamine (PDA) shell, which was used to load docetaxel and modified with hyaluronic acid (HA). The obtained nanoparticle can achieve targeted drug delivery and further exert the synergistic effect of PTT and chemotherapy. The MPDA core has high drug loading due to mesopores, and the PDA shell can prevent the drug from releasing in the non-target-site because of the pH-sensitivity of the PDA. Compared with other PDA coated nanoparticle, self-coated nanoparticle has a simpler composition and can avoid the potential toxicity caused by the introduction of other materials. Experimental results showed that it had good photothermal conversion ability both in vivo and in vitro, and could be actively targeted into tumor cells through HA-mediated targeting. Under laser irradiation, it ablated the tumors. Simple ingredient and preparation, good compatibility and obvious therapeutic effect make it have a broad application prospect in tumor therapy.

7.
Acta Diabetol ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624125

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to determine the trajectory of diabetic vascular diseases and to investigate the association between vascular diseases and dementia. METHODS: We included adults aged ≥ 50 years with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (n = 173,118) from 2001 to 2005 who were followed-up until December 31, 2013 in the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Multivariable Cox regression models were constructed to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and confidence limits (CLs) for all-cause dementia in relation to the number, types, and occurrence patterns of vascular disease. RESULTS: Within 1 year of diabetes diagnosis, 26.3% of adults developed their first vascular disease. During the 1,864,279 person-years of follow-up, 17,426 adults had all-cause dementia, corresponding to an incidence of 97.9 cases/10,000 person-years in 127,718 adults with at least one vascular disease and 67.5 cases/10,000 person-years in 45,400 adults without vascular diseases. Across all age groups, adults who subsequently developed a vascular disease in two one-year windows since diabetes diagnosis had the highest incidence of all-cause dementia. In comparison with adults without vascular diseases, HR for all-cause dementia was 1.99 (CL: 1.92-2.07) for those with one vascular disease only; 2.04 (CL: 1.98-2.13) for two or more vascular diseases; 3.56 (CL: 3.44-3.70) for stroke only; and 2.06 (CL: 1.99-2.14) for neuropathy alone. Similar associations were also observed with a smaller magnitude for adults with nephropathy, retinopathy, cardiovascular disease, or peripheral arterial disease. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with diabetes-related complications, particularly stroke and neuropathy, and those with rapidly developed vascular diseases appeared to have a high risk of dementia.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624146

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) of the programmed cell death 1/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) immune checkpoint pathway has led to unprecedented advances in cancer therapy. However, the overall response rate of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monotherapy is still unpromising, underscoring the need for predictive biomarkers. In this retrospective study, we collected pretreatment plasma samples from two independent cohorts of patients receiving ICB. To determine whether a signature of plasma cytokines could be associated with therapeutic efficacy, we systemically profiled cytokine clusters and functional groups in the discovery and validation datasets by using 59 multiplexed bead immunoassays and bioinformatics analysis. We first attempted to functionally classify the 59 immunological factors according to their biological classification or functional roles in the cancer-immunity cycle. Surprisingly, we observed that two signatures, the "checkpoint signature" and "trafficking of T-cell signature", were higher in the response subgroup than in the nonresponse subgroup in both the discovery and validation cohorts. Moreover, enrichment of the "checkpoint signature" was correlated with improved overall survival and progression-free survival in both datasets. In addition, we demonstrated that increased baseline levels of three checkpoint molecules (PD-L1, T-cell immunoglobulin mucin receptor 3 and T-cell-specific surface glycoprotein CD28) were common peripheral responsive correlates in both cohorts, thus rendering this "refined checkpoint signature" an ideal candidate for future verification. In the peripheral blood system, the "refined checkpoint signature" may function as a potential biomarker for anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monotherapy in gastrointestinal (GI) cancers.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538081

RESUMO

The countries of Asia are home to multiple ethnicities. There are ethnic differences in diet, culture, and attitudes towards health screening, access to care, and treatment of chronic diseases. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) have rising incidence and prevalence due to increased affliction with non-communicable diseases of diabetes and hypertension. To prevent the expensive complications of ESKD, one of the most important risk factors to control is hypertension in patients with CKD. We performed a narrative review on the prevalence of CKD in patients with hypertension, the prevalence and control of hypertension in patients with CKD, and the dietary sodium intake in CKD populations.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543534

RESUMO

Pyroptosis as a lytic and inflammatory form of cell death is a powerful tool to fight against cancer. However, pyroptosis is usually activated by chemotherapeutic drugs, which limits its anti-tumor applications due to drug resistance and severe side effects. Herein, we demonstrate that membrane targeting photosensitizers can induce pyroptosis for cancer cell ablation with noninvasiveness and low side effects. A series of membrane anchoring photosensitizers (TBD-R PSs) with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) characteristics were prepared through conjugation of TBD and phenyl ring with cationic chains. Upon light irradiation, cytotoxic ROS were produced in situ, resulting in direct membrane damage and superior cancer cell ablation. Detailed study revealed that pyroptosis gradually became the dominant cell death pathway along with the increase of TBD-R PSs membrane anchoring capability. This study offers a photo-activated pyroptosis-based intervention strategy for cancer cell ablation.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527663

RESUMO

The incidence of large disasters has been increasing worldwide. This has led to a growing interest in disaster medicine. In this review, we report current evidence related to disasters and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, such as cardiovascular diseases during disasters, management of disaster hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases associated with COVID-19. This review summarizes the time course and mechanisms of disaster-related diseases. It also discusses the use of information and communication technology (ICT) as a cardiovascular risk management strategy to prevent cardiovascular events. During the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, we used the "Disaster Cardiovascular Prevention" system that was employed for blood pressure (BP) monitoring and risk management using ICT. We introduced an ICT-based BP monitoring device at evacuation centers and shared patients' BP values in the database to support BP management by remote monitoring, which led to improved BP control. Effective use of telemedicine using ICT is important for risk management of cardiovascular diseases during disasters and pandemics in the future.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533536

RESUMO

The prevalence of hypertension is increasing along with an aging population, causing millions of premature deaths annually worldwide. Low awareness of blood pressure (BP) elevation and suboptimal hypertension diagnosis serve as the major hurdles in effective hypertension management. The advent of artificial intelligence (AI), however, sheds the light of new strategies for hypertension management, such as remote supports from telemedicine and big data-derived prediction. There is considerable evidence demonstrating the feasibility of AI applications in hypertension management. A foreseeable trend was observed in integrating BP measurements with various wearable sensors and smartphones, so as to permit continuous and convenient monitoring. In the meantime, further investigations are advised to validate the novel prediction and prognostic tools. These revolutionary developments have made a stride toward the future model for digital management of chronic diseases.

13.
Adv Mater ; : e2007490, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576084

RESUMO

Fluorescent probes capable of in vivo lipids labeling are highly desirable for studying lipid-accumulation-related metabolic diseases, such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, type-2 diabetes, and atherosclerosis. However, most of the current lipid-specific fluorophores cannot be used for in vivo labeling due to their strong hydrophobicity. Herein, organic dots from bright luminogens with aggregation-induced emission (AIEgen) are developed for in vivo labeling and three-photon fluorescence imaging of lipid-rich tissues, such as fatty liver, atherosclerotic plaques in brain vasculatures, and carotid arteries. The organic dots show excellent stability in an aqueous medium with high targeting specificity to lipids and strong three-photon fluorescence in the far-red/near-infrared (NIR) region under NIR-II laser excitation, which enables efficient in vivo labeling and imaging of lipids in deep tissues. The study will inspire the development of lipid-targeting fluorophores for in vivo applications.

14.
Microbiome ; 9(1): 40, 2021 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The spread of antibiotic resistance has become one of the most urgent threats to global health, which is estimated to cause 700,000 deaths each year globally. Its surrogates, antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), are highly transmittable between food, water, animal, and human to mitigate the efficacy of antibiotics. Accurately identifying ARGs is thus an indispensable step to understanding the ecology, and transmission of ARGs between environmental and human-associated reservoirs. Unfortunately, the previous computational methods for identifying ARGs are mostly based on sequence alignment, which cannot identify novel ARGs, and their applications are limited by currently incomplete knowledge about ARGs. RESULTS: Here, we propose an end-to-end Hierarchical Multi-task Deep learning framework for ARG annotation (HMD-ARG). Taking raw sequence encoding as input, HMD-ARG can identify, without querying against existing sequence databases, multiple ARG properties simultaneously, including if the input protein sequence is an ARG, and if so, what antibiotic family it is resistant to, what resistant mechanism the ARG takes, and if the ARG is an intrinsic one or acquired one. In addition, if the predicted antibiotic family is beta-lactamase, HMD-ARG further predicts the subclass of beta-lactamase that the ARG is resistant to. Comprehensive experiments, including cross-fold validation, third-party dataset validation in human gut microbiota, wet-experimental functional validation, and structural investigation of predicted conserved sites, demonstrate not only the superior performance of our method over the state-of-art methods, but also the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed method. CONCLUSIONS: We propose a hierarchical multi-task method, HMD-ARG, which is based on deep learning and can provide detailed annotations of ARGs from three important aspects: resistant antibiotic class, resistant mechanism, and gene mobility. We believe that HMD-ARG can serve as a powerful tool to identify antibiotic resistance genes and, therefore mitigate their global threat. Our method and the constructed database are available at http://www.cbrc.kaust.edu.sa/HMDARG/ . Video abstract (MP4 50984 kb).

15.
J Virol ; 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568512

RESUMO

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) is an α-coronavirus causing severe diarrhea and high mortality rates in suckling piglets and posing significant economic impact. PEDV replication is completed and results in a large amount of RNA in the cytoplasm. Stress granules (SGs) are dynamic cytosolic RNA granules formed under various stress conditions including viral infections. Several previous studies suggested that SGs were involved in the antiviral activity of host cells to limit viral propagation. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This study aimed to delineate the molecular mechanisms regulating the SG response to PEDV infection. SG formation is induced early during PEDV infection, but as infection proceeds, this ability is lost and SGs disappear at late stages of infection (>18 hours post-infection). PEDV infection resulted in the cleavage of Ras-GTPase-activating protein-binding protein 1 (G3BP1) mediated by caspase-8. Using mutational analysis, the PEDV-induced cleavage site within G3BP1 was identified, which differed from the 3C protease cleavage site previously identified. Furthermore, G3BP1 cleavage by caspase-8 at D168 and D169 was confirmed in vitro as well as in vivo The overexpression of cleavage-resistant G3BP1 conferred persistent SG formation and suppression of viral replication. Additionally, the knockdown of endogenous G3BP1 abolished SG formation and potentiated viral replication. Taken together, these data provide new insights into novel strategies in which PEDV limits the host stress response and antiviral responses, and indicate that caspase-8-mediated G3BP1 cleavage is important in the failure of host defense against PEDV infection.Importance: Coronaviruses (CoVs) are drawing extensive attention again since the outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in 2019. CoVs are prone to variation and own the transmission capability by crossing the species barrier resulting in reemergence. How CoVs manipulate the antiviral responses of their hosts needs to be explored. Overall, the study provides new insight into how Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) impaired SG assembly by targeting G3BP1 via the host proteinase caspase-8. These findings enhanced the understanding of PEDV infection and might help identify new antiviral targets that could inhibit viral replication and limit the pathogenesis of PEDV.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591641

RESUMO

Nocturnal home blood pressure (BP) monitoring has been used in clinical practice for ~20 years. The authors recently showed that nocturnal systolic BP (SBP) measured by a home BP monitoring (HBPM) device in a Japanese general practice population was a significant predictor of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, independent of office and morning home SBP levels, and that masked nocturnal hypertension obtained by HBPM (defined as nocturnal home BP ≥ 120/70 mmHg and average morning and evening BP < 135/85 mmHg) was associated with an increased risk of CVD events compared with controlled BP (nocturnal home BP < 120/70 mmHg and average morning and evening BP < 135/85 mmHg). This evidence revealed that (a) it is feasible to use a nocturnal HBPM device for monitoring nocturnal BP levels, and (b) such a device may offer an alternative to ambulatory BP monitoring, which has been the gold standard for the measurement of nocturnal BP. However, many unresolved clinical problems remain, such as the measurement schedule and conditions for the use of nocturnal HBPM. Further investigation of the measurement of nocturnal BP using an HBPM device and assessments of the prognostic value are thus warranted. Asians are at high risk of developing nocturnal hypertension due to high salt sensitivity and salt intake, and the precise management of their nocturnal BP levels is important. Information and communication technology-based monitoring devices are expected to facilitate the management of nocturnal hypertension in Asian populations.

17.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 85(2): 315-323, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33604647

RESUMO

Pneumonia is a common respiratory disease worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs have been implicated in the pathogenesis of pneumonia. However, the effect and mechanism of long intergenic nonprotein-coding RNA (LINC00707) on pneumonia pathogenesis were still unclear. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) reduced cell viability and promoted apoptosis and inflammation in MRC-5 cells. LINC00707 was increased, and miR-223-5p was decreased in LPS-treated MRC-5 cells. LINC00707 knockdown relieved LPS-triggered injury in MRC-5 cells. LINC00707 directly interacted with miR-223-5p through acting as a miR-223-5p sponge. Moreover, miR-223-5p mediated the regulation of LINC00707 silencing on LPS-stimulated cytotoxicity in MRC-5 cells. p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor-κB signaling pathways were modulated by the LINC00707/miR-223-5p axis in LPS-induced MRC-5 cells. Our present study indicated that LINC00707 depletion alleviated LPS-induced injury in MRC-5 cells at least partly by acting as a sponge of miR-223-5p, highlighting a new potential therapeutic avenue for pneumonia treatment.

18.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3939, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594134

RESUMO

Lonicerae Japonicae Flos (LJF) is an important traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of various ailments and plays a vital role in improving global human health. However, as unable to escape from adversity, the quality of sessile organisms is dramatically affected by salt stress. To systematically explore the quality formation of LJF in morphology, physiology, and bioactive constituents' response to multiple levels of salt stress, UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS and multivariate statistical analysis were performed. Lonicera japonica Thunb. was planted in pots and placed in the field, then harvested after 35 days under salt stress. Indexes of growth, photosynthetic pigments, osmolytes, lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant enzymes were identified to evaluate the salt tolerance in LJF under different salt stresses (0, 100, 200, and 300 mM NaCl). Then, the total accumulation and dynamic variation of 47 bioactive constituents were quantitated. Finally, Partial least squares discrimination analysis and gray relational analysis were performed to systematically cluster, distinguish, and evaluate the samples, respectively. The results showed that 100 mM NaCl induced growth, photosynthetic, antioxidant activities, osmolytes, lipid peroxidation, and multiple bioactive constituents in LJF, which possessed the best quality. Additionally, a positive correlation was found between the accumulation of phenolic acids with antioxidant enzyme activity under salt stress, further confirming that phenolic acids could reduce oxidative damage. This study provides insight into the quality formation and valuable information to improve the LJF medicinal value under salt stress.

19.
Nature ; 590(7845): 338-343, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33442057

RESUMO

RAG endonuclease initiates Igh V(D)J recombination in progenitor B cells by binding a JH-recombination signal sequence (RSS) within a recombination centre (RC) and then linearly scanning upstream chromatin, presented by loop extrusion mediated by cohesin, for convergent D-RSSs1,2. The utilization of convergently oriented RSSs and cryptic RSSs is intrinsic to long-range RAG scanning3. Scanning of RAG from the DJH-RC-RSS to upstream convergent VH-RSSs is impeded by D-proximal CTCF-binding elements (CBEs)2-5. Primary progenitor B cells undergo a mechanistically undefined contraction of the VH locus that is proposed to provide distal VHs access to the DJH-RC6-9. Here we report that an inversion of the entire 2.4-Mb VH locus in mouse primary progenitor B cells abrogates rearrangement of both VH-RSSs and normally convergent cryptic RSSs, even though locus contraction still occurs. In addition, this inversion activated both the utilization of cryptic VH-RSSs that are normally in opposite orientation and RAG scanning beyond the VH locus through several convergent CBE domains to the telomere. Together, these findings imply that broad deregulation of CBE impediments in primary progenitor B cells promotes RAG scanning of the VH locus mediated by loop extrusion. We further found that the expression of wings apart-like protein homologue (WAPL)10, a cohesin-unloading factor, was low in primary progenitor B cells compared with v-Abl-transformed progenitor B cell lines that lacked contraction and RAG scanning of the VH locus. Correspondingly, depletion of WAPL in v-Abl-transformed lines activated both processes, further implicating loop extrusion in the locus contraction mechanism.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 408: 124956, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421852

RESUMO

Lignocellulose is the primary component of many biomasses, including corn straw. Herein, lignocellulose in corn straw was disassembled into the individual polymers, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin via a mild and facile method. Subsequently, three porous carbon materials were prepared by carbonization and chemical activation of cellulose (PCCC), hemicellulose (PCHC), and lignin (PCLC). The three materials showed higher specific surface areas (2565.7, 2996.1, and 2590.3 m2 g-1) and higher porosities (1.4261, 1.5876, and 1.2406 cm3 g-1) than that of PCCS, a porous carbon material derived from raw corn straw (1993 m2 g-1 and 1.19 cm3 g-1). Of note, PCCC and PCHC exhibited higher adsorption (1025.5 and 950.1 mg g-1) of brilliant green (BG), than PCCS (876.7 mg g-1). Besides, the BG adsorption capacities of the designed materials were higher than that of most adsorbents, and 2-2.5 times higher than that of graphite oxide (416.7 mg g-1). These study results indicate that the disassembly of lignocellulosic biomass into cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin is an effective strategy for preparing various porous carbon materials with enhanced performances.

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