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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1093: 131-141, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735206

RESUMO

Simple and accurate detection of trace heavy metals in blood is very important. A novel dual-responsive electrochemical/fluorescent biosensor based on magnetic hyperbranched polyamide with heparin modification (MHPAM-H) for blood lead detection has been successfully developed. Upon conjugated with blood lead ions, dual-biosensor could not only display electrochemical signal but also fluorescence signal owing to the enriched amino groups, cavity structure, and good fluorescence properties of HPAM. Blood biocompatibility, construction of the dual-responsive biosensor, electrochemical/fluorescent detection of lead ions in water phase and blood condition, selectivity and stability of the dual-responsive biosensor were investigated in detail. The proposed dual-responsive biosensor displays good linear relationship (1.5 pM- 4.8 × 103 pM for electrochemical detection and 0.5 pM-4.8 × 103 pM for fluorescent detection) with low detection limit (4.4 pM for electrochemical detection and 1.0 pM for fluorescent detection) for blood lead, providing potential application for blood lead detection in the future.

2.
Virol Sin ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792738

RESUMO

Viruses evolve rapidly and continuously threaten animal health and economy, posing a great demand for rapid and efficient genome editing technologies to study virulence mechanism and develop effective vaccine. We present a highly efficient viral genome manipulation method using CRISPR-guided cytidine deaminase. We cloned pseudorabies virus genome into bacterial artificial chromosome, and used CRISPR-guided cytidine deaminase to directly convert cytidine (C) to uridine (U) to induce premature stop mutagenesis in viral genes. The editing efficiencies were 100%. Comprehensive bioinformatic analysis revealed that a large number of editable sites exist in pseudorabies virus (PRV) genomes. Notably, in our study viral genome exists as a plasmid in E. coli, suggesting that this method is virus species-independent. This application of base-editing provided an alternative approach to generate mutant virus and might accelerate study on virulence and vaccine development.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712976

RESUMO

The long-term patency rate of saphenous vein (SV) grafts is poor compared to arterial grafts. To investigate the effects of surgical preparation (distention) of SV on hydrogen sulfide (H2S) released from the endothelium, human SV segments were harvested from 43 patients during coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Acetylcholine (ACh) induced relaxation that was inhibited by NG-nitro-L-arginine + indomethacin and cysteine aminotransferase inhibitor aminooxyacetic acid in the normal SV. In contrast, ACh did not evoke relaxation in the distended SV (DSV). The concentration of H2S quantified by methylene blue assay in DSV was significantly lower than that in control. Transmission electron microscope and immunohistochemistry studies showed that the preparation destroyed the endothelium, smooth muscle, organelle, and vasa vasorum. We conclude that surgical preparation injures the endothelium and smooth muscle of the SV grafts and reduces H2S release from SV. These effects may contribute to the poor long-term patency of the SV graft.

4.
Circulation ; 2019 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736342

RESUMO

Background: While disease modifying therapies exist for heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), few options are available for patients in the higher range of LVEF (>40%). Sacubitril/valsartan has been compared with a renin-angiotensin- system (RAS) inhibitor alone in two similarly designed clinical trials of patients with reduced and preserved LVEF, permitting examination of its effects across the full spectrum of LVEF. Methods: We combined data from PARADIGM-HF (LVEF eligibility≤40%; n=8,399) and PARAGON-HF (LVEF eligibility≥45%; n=4,796) in a prespecified pooled analysis. We divided randomized patients into LVEF categories:≤22.5% (n=1269), >22.5% to 32.5% (n=3987), >32.5% to 42.5% (n=3143), > 42.5% to 52.5% (n=1427), > 52.5% to 62.5% (n=2166), >62.5% (n=1202). We assessed time to first cardiovascular death and HF hospitalization, its components, and total heart failure hospitlizations, all-cause mortality and non-cardiovascular mortality. Incidence rates and treatment effects were examined across categories of LVEF. Results: Among 13,195 randomized patients, we observed lower rates of cardiovascular death and HF hospitalization, but similar rates of non-cardiovascular death, among patients in the highest vs. lowest groups. Overall sacubitril/valsartan was superior to RAS inhibition for first cardiovascular death or heart failure hospitalization (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.78, 0.90), cardiovascular death (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.76, 0.92), heart failure hospitalization (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.77, 0.91), and all-cause mortality (HR 0.88, 95% CI 0.81, 0.96). The effect of sacubitril/valsartan was modified by LVEF (treatment-by-continuous LVEF interaction p=0.02), and benefit appeared to be present for individuals with EF primarily below the normal range, although the treatment benefit for cardiovascular death diminished at a lower ejection fraction. We observed effect modification by LVEF on the efficacy of sacubitril/valsartan in both men and women with respect to composite total HF hospitalizations and cardiovascular death, although women derived benefit to higher ejection fractions. Conclusions:The therapeutic effects of sacubitril/valsartan, compared with a RAS inhibitor alone, vary by LVEF, with treatment benefits, particularly for heart failure hospitalization, that appear to extend to patients with heart failure and mildly reduced ejection fraction. These therapeutic benefits appeared to extend to a higher LVEF range in women compared with men. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov PARAGON-HF Unique Identifier: NCT01920711. PARADIGM-HF Unique Identifier: NCT01035255.

5.
Nat Plants ; 5(11): 1110-1111, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685952
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(47): e18116, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the downward descent of vaginal walls, affecting the health of 32% to 76% female patients. Conservative interventions are considered as priority before seeking help from surgery. We plan to make the systematic review to assess the effectiveness of conservative intervention for adult women with POP. METHODS: Studies will be searched in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library from inception to July 2017. Primary outcomes are specific POP-related symptom, severity of prolapse, Prolapse-related, and general health-related quality of life and other non-POP-specific symptoms. RESULTS: The data will be synthesized if possible using MD, SMD or RR. A descriptive analysis will be made if the data cannot be synthesized. DISCUSSION: The systematic review might provide solid evidence for the treatment of POP by conservative intervention.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670869

RESUMO

Traditional photosensitizers (PSs) show reduced singlet oxygen (1 O2 ) production and quenched fluorescence upon aggregation in aqueous media, which greatly affect their efficiency in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Meanwhile, non-targeting PSs generally yield low efficiency in antibacterial performance due to their short lifetimes and small effective working radii. Herein, a water-dispersible membrane anchor (TBD-anchor) PS with aggregation-induced emission is designed and synthesized to generate 1 O2 on the bacterial membrane. TBD-anchor showed efficient antibacterial performance towards both Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus). Over 99.8 % killing efficiency was obtained for methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) when they were exposed to 0.8 µm of TBD-anchor at a low white light dose (25 mW cm-2 ) for 10 minutes. TBD-anchor thus shows great promise as an effective antimicrobial agent to combat the menace of multidrug-resistant bacteria.

8.
Arch Dis Child ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is considered the most frequent chromosomal microdeletion syndrome in humans and the second leading chromosomal cause of congenital heart disease (CHD). We aimed to identify the prevalence and the detailed genetic characterisation of 22q11.2 region in children with CHD including simple defects and to explore the genotype-phenotype relationship between deletion/amplification type and clinical data. METHODS: Patients with CHD for surgery were screened by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and capillary electrophoresis methods. Universal Probe Library technology was applied for validation. RESULTS: In 354 patients with CHD, 40 (11.3%) carried different levels of deletions/amplifications at the 22q11.2 region with various phenotypes. The affected genes at this region include CDC45 (15 patients), TBX1 (8), USP18 (8), RTDR1 (7), SNAP29 (6), TOP3B (6), ZNF74 (4) and other genes with less frequency. Among those, two patients carried 3 Mb typically deleted region from CLTCL1 to LZTR1 (low copy repeats A-D) or 1.5 Mb deletions from CLTCL1 to MED15 (low copy repeats A-C). Clinical facial manifestations were found in 12 patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed an unexpected high prevalence of chromosome 22q11.2 variations in patients with CHD even in simple defects. The genotype-phenotype relationship analysis suggests that genetic detection of 22q11.2 may become necessary in all patients with CHD and that detection of unique deletions or amplifications may provide useful insight into personalised management in patients with CHD.

9.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(11): 799-804, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) serum on expression of myogenic differentiation antigen (Myod) and autophagy-related protein Beclin 1 in cultured muscle satellite cells of rats under starvation conditions. METHODS: The primary multifidus muscle satellite cells of one male SD rat were isolated and cultured to obtain the 3rd generation of cells. The EA serum was got from the rat received EA stimulation of bilateral "Weizhong" (BL40, 2 Hz/10 Hz, 1 mA, duration of 20 min, once daily for 7 days). The cell suspension (2×104/well) of the 3rd generation of cultured cells was transferred to each well of a 96-well plate in medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Twelve duplicate wells were set up for the blank control serum (without FBS), 10% FBS, 10% EA serum, 20% EA serum and 30% EA serum groups and incubated for 12 h and 24 h, respectively. Each well was supplemented with 10 µL CCK-8 reagent to be incubated for 1 h again for observing the state of cell proliferation. After culturing the primary muscle satellite cells in serum-free medium for 12 h, the cells were randomly divided into serum-free group, 10% fetal bovine serum group and optimal concentration electroacupuncture serum group, and serum of corresponding concentration was added respectively. The expression levels of Beclin 1 and cell-proliferation-related protein Myod were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: CCK-8 assay displayed that the proliferation levels were significantly higher at 12 h and 24 h after serum intervention in the 10% FBS, 10% EA serum, 20% EA serum and 30% EA serum groups than that in the blank control serum group (P<0.01), and at 24 h in the 3 EA serum groups than in the 10% FBS group (P<0.01), but without significant difference among the three EA serum groups (P>0.05). As a result, 10% EA serum was selected as the optimal concentration for Western blot tests. No significant difference was found in the expression levels of Myod and Beclin 1 proteins among the serum-free, 10% FBS and 10% EA serum groups before intervention (P>0.05), and there was a marked up-regulation of Myod expression and an obvious down-regulation of Beclin 1 expression at 12 h in both the 10% EA serum and 10% FBS groups in comparison with their own pre-intervention (P<0.05). There were a marked up-re-gulation of Myod expression at both 12 h and 24 h and Beclin 1 expression at 24 h in both the 10% EA serum group and 10% FBS group than that in the serum-free group (P<0.05), and an obvious down-regulation of Beclin 1 expression at 12 h in both 10% FBS and 10% EA serum groups than that in the serum-free group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After 24 h's serum intervention, there was an increase of Myod expression and a reduction of Beclin 1 expression in both 10% FBS and 10% EA serum groups compared with those after the 12 h intervention (P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the 10% FBS and 10% EA serum groups in the expression levels of Myod and Beclin 1 proteins (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA serum can promote proliferation of cultured muscle satellite cells under starvation conditions, which is related to its functions in regulating expression of Beclin 1 and cell-proliferation-related protein Myod.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Antígenos de Diferenciação , Proteína Beclina-1 , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(11): 817-21, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion pretreatment at different time on serum hormone levels in diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) rats, so as to explore its protective mechanisms. METHODS: Forty female SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, moxibustion-1 (moxibustion was given 4 weeks before modeling), moxibustion-2 (moxibustion was given 2 weeks before modeling and 2 weeks from the 1st day on after modeling ) and moxibustion-3 (moxibustion was given 4 weeks from the 1st day on after modeling) groups (n=8 rats in each group). The DOR model was established by gavage of Tripterygium Glycosides (75 mg/kg) once daily for 14 days. Grain-moxibustion was applied to "Shenshu" (BL23) and "Guanyuan" (CV4) for 7 cones, 5 times a week for 4 weeks. The body weight and the ovary weight were recorded for calculating the ovarian index. The levels of serum anti-mullerian hormone (AMH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol (E2), androgen (T) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) were detected by ELISA. RESULTS: After modeling, ovarian index and serum AMH levels were obviously decreased (P<0.05), and the levels of serum FSH, E2, T and DHEA were significantly increased in contrast with the control group (P<0.05). Following intervention and compared with the model group, the serum FSH and DHEA levels of each moxibustion group were significantly reduced (P<0.05), the AMH levels significantly increased and E2 and T contents significantly decreased in the moxibustion-2 and moxibustion-3 groups (P<0.05). The serum FSH, E2 and T contents in moxibustion-2 group were obviously lower than those of the moxibustion-1 and moxibustion-3 groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion pre-treatment can improve ovarian reserve function in DOR rats, while the effect is different with different intervention time, and the best intervention time is pre-occurrence and early stage of DOR.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Reserva Ovariana , Animais , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Ovário , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
J Med Case Rep ; 13(1): 365, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary urethral cancer is exceedingly rare, resulting in a limitation in clinicians' experience, and an accurate diagnosis is often delayed due to the non-specific clinical presentation. Here, we present this case report to show the treatment of a patient with primary urethral cancer. Our patient was diagnosed as having primary urethral cancer in the First Clinical Hospital of Yichang by cystoscopy and biopsy. Due to her age, poor physical tolerance, and economic condition, she refused radical operation. Since there is no definite guideline for the treatment process of primary urethral cancer in clinics, operation methods and postoperative adjuvant treatments vary in different hospitals, leading to diverse prognostic effects. CASE PRESENTATION: An 88-year-old Asian woman had difficulty in urinating for more than 6 months and the syndrome was aggravated for 1 month. She chose a relatively conservative treatment plan: primary tumor resection combined with bladder perfusion chemotherapy. Postoperative pathology revealed "urethra" high-grade urothelial carcinoma (sarcoma-like variants) with extensive necrosis. After treatment with intravesical chemotherapeutic drug (hydroxycamptothecin 40 mg), she was eventually released from our hospital in a stable condition. Postoperation follow-up was performed to observe to what extent this conservative treatment plan improved the quality of life and overall survival time of our patient. CONCLUSIONS: She needed radical resection according to the actual situation. However, her age restricted her tolerance to general anesthesia; relatively conservative treatment options are available to ensure a high quality of life. The treatment of primary tumor resection combined with bladder perfusion chemotherapy is feasible. This case highlights the importance of the dissemination of new cases and optimizing primary urethral cancer diagnosis to obtain an effective treatment.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780117

RESUMO

A new type of composite electrode material, MoSe2 nanoflakes grown on the vertically aligned carbon nanotube array film (VACNTF) with binder-free nickel foam as current collector (VACNTF@MoSe2/NF), was fabricated by a simple spraying chemical vapor deposition method combined with the solvothermal technique. Owing to the introduction of the VACNTF with ordered channels and appropriate intertube spacing, which facilitate electrolyte ions quickly transferring and alleviate the volume changes in the electrochemical measurements, the VACNTF@MoSe2/NF sample presents superior electrochemical performance compared to pure MoSe2/NF sample. The VACNTF@MoSe2/NF sample exhibits high specific capacitance of 435 F·g-1 at 1 A·g-1, remarkable cycling stability (92% of the original capacitance maintaining over 5000 cycles) and especially excellent rate capability (84.1% capacitance retention with the current density changed from 1 to 15 A·g-1). Moreover, the VACNTF@MoSe2/NF based asymmetric supercapacitor exhibits a high energy density with 22 Wh·kg-1 for a power density of 330 W·kg-1. This paper offers a new strategy to prepare transition metal dichalcogenides based electrode materials with high rate performance.

13.
Cell ; 179(5): 1160-1176.e24, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730855

RESUMO

Pediatric-onset colitis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have significant effects on the growth of infants and children, but the etiopathogenesis underlying disease subtypes remains incompletely understood. Here, we report single-cell clustering, immune phenotyping, and risk gene analysis for children with undifferentiated colitis, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis. We demonstrate disease-specific characteristics, as well as common pathogenesis marked by impaired cyclic AMP (cAMP)-response signaling. Specifically, infiltration of PDE4B- and TNF-expressing macrophages, decreased abundance of CD39-expressing intraepithelial T cells, and platelet aggregation and release of 5-hydroxytryptamine at the colonic mucosae were common in colitis and IBD patients. Targeting these pathways by using the phosphodiesterase inhibitor dipyridamole restored immune homeostasis and improved colitis symptoms in a pilot study. In summary, comprehensive analysis of the colonic mucosae has uncovered common pathogenesis and therapeutic targets for children with colitis and IBD.

14.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(12): 152645, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1) has been suggested as a prognostic marker in several malignant tumors. However, the significance of FOXP1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression pattern of FOXP1 in normal esophageal tissue and ESCC and to analyze the clinicopathological significance and prognostic value of FOXP1 in ESCC. METHODS: FOXP1 was detected by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarrays containing tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues from 270 ESCC patients with oncological follow-up data. RESULTS: Normal esophageal tissues predominantly showed an exclusive nuclear FOXP1 (n-FOXP1) expression pattern, and no exclusive cytoplasmic FOXP1 (c-FOXP1) staining was found. In ESCC, the expression rates of exclusive n-FOXP1-positive, exclusive c-FOXP1-positive, both nuclear and cytoplasmic positive and complete negative were 14.4%, 28.9%, 10.4% and 46.3%, respectively. High n-FOXP1 expression was significantly correlated with decreased postoperative recurrence and distant metastasis (P < 0.05). Furthermore, elevated c-FOXP1 expression was significantly associated with regional lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis (P < 0.05). High c-FOXP1 expression had an effect on shorter overall survival (OS) time, but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that ESCC patients with high n-FOXP1 expression survived significantly longer than patients with low n-FOXP1 expression. Multivariate analysis confirmed that patients with high n-FOXP1 staining exhibit good prognosis and n-FOXP1 was an independent factor for ESCC prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that FOXP1 plays an essential role in ESCC progression and prognosis and may be a useful biomarker for predicting survival.

15.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 19(1): 230, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of micro-incision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS) using Lumera and Resight non-contact sutureless wide-angle viewing systems (WAVS) for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), and to analyze the anatomical and visual outcomes. METHODS: The retrospective, non-comparative, interventional case series reported here was conducted from June 2014 through November 2016. Enrolled patients presented with primary RRD and received MIVS with/without cryopexy by one surgeon using the Lumera and Resight non-contact sutureless WAVS. All patients were followed-up for a minimum of 12 months. Variables collected included patient demographics, best-corrected visual acuity, and macular status. The number and position of retinal break(s), and the use of cryopexy, were also recorded. Outcome measures included operative time, single-operation anatomical success rate, final anatomical success rate, recurrent rate, postoperative best-corrected visual acuity, and surgical complications. The end points were operative time, anatomical outcome, and functional outcome. RESULTS: In total, 110 eyes from 110 patients (68 men and 42 women) were treated. Of these, 103 (93%) eyes were reattached after primary vitrectomy. One hundred ten eyes (100%) reached final anatomical success. The mean operative time was 50.55 min. Multivariate analyses were performed with best model selection principle based on general linear model by Akaike Information Criteria for detecting possible factors related to operation time, and with multivariate logistic regression analysis for revealing probable clinical parameters which might influence the anatomical outcome after first operation and final visual outcome. Intraoperative cryopexy and multiple breaks increased operative time significantly. More favorable BCVA was significantly correlated with shorter operation time and the preoperative macula-on status. Multivariate logistic regression on the group of patients who have received the cataract surgery revealed that the pre-operative BCVA is a significant factor which can predict the visual outcome after MIVS. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of primary RRD repaired by MIVS using the Lumera and Resight sutureless WAVS was not inferior to any other published method. This instrument combination resulted in a relatively rapid and comfortable procedure without serious postoperative complications. Cryopexy and multiple breaks affected operative time significantly. Shorter operative times and preoperative macula-on status are associated with better final visual outcomes.

16.
Health Mark Q ; 36(4): 307-321, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696789

RESUMO

Cigarette smoking in the U.S. is declining, but e-cigarette (e-cig) use is rapidly expanding. E-cig brands utilize social media for promotion and have the autonomy to disseminate messages that encourage the use of their products. The current study categorized the most frequent strategies among popular e-cig brands on Twitter. A content analysis of over 1800 tweets was performed based on Philip Morris brand personality characteristics. Most tweets emphasized e-cigs' economic value (24.2%) and normalized their use by portraying e-cigs as "cool" (23.1%). E-cig brands are employing similar strategies as tobacco companies and easily connecting to young adults through social media.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742891

RESUMO

It is widely accepted that hypertension constitutes a significant cardiovascular risk factor and that treating high blood pressure (BP) effectively reduces cardiovascular risk. An important issue in Asia is not just the high prevalence of hypertension, particularly in some countries, but also the low level of awareness and treatment rates in many regions. The 2017 update of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guidelines raised the question about which BP threshold should be used to diagnose and treat hypertension. Although there is a theoretical rationale for a stricter BP criterion in Asia given the ethnic-specific features of hypertension in the region, the majority of countries in Asia have retained a diagnostic BP threshold of ≥140/90 mm Hg. Although lowering thresholds might make theoretical sense, this would increase the prevalence of hypertension and also markedly reduce BP control rates. In addition, there are currently no data from robust randomized clinical trials of the benefits of the lower targets in preventing cardiovascular disease and reducing cardiovascular risk, particularly in high-risk patients and especially for Asian populations. There is also no defined home BP treatment target level for an office BP treatment target of 130/80 mm Hg. However, in this regard, in the interim, lifestyle modifications, including reducing body weight and salt intake, should form an important part of hypertension management strategies in Asia, while studies on treating at lower BP threshold level in Asians and getting to lower BP targets will be helpful to inform and optimize the management of hypertension in the region.

18.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteopontin (OPN), a matricellular protein, is greatly generated from brain tissues after acute brain injury. We determine the relationship between plasma OPN concentrations and outcome after acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in a clinical setting. METHODS: In this prospective, observational study enrolling 162 ICH patients and 162 healthy controls, hemorrhagic severity was assessed using National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores and hematoma volumes, a poor outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale >2 at poststroke 90 days, and early neurologic deterioration (END) was defined as an increase of ≥4 points in the NIHSS score or death at 24 h from symptoms onset. RESULTS: Plasma OPN concentrations were significantly higher in patients than in controls (median value, 1287.6 vs. 405.7 pmol/l; P < 0.001). OPN concentrations were strongly correlated with admission NIHSS scores (r value = 0.520) and hematoma volumes (r value = 0.468). Areas under receiver operating characteristic curve for poor outcome and END were 0.811 and 0.753 respectively. Plasma OPN emerged as an independent predictor of functional outcome and END, with odds ratio values of 3.897 and 6.004 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma OPN could serve as a useful prognostic biomarker in ICH.

19.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(10): 778-784, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703758

RESUMO

Thibetanosides E-H (1-4), four new steroidal constituents including three rare sulfonates (2-4), were isolated from the roots and rhizomes of Helleborus thibetanus, together with nine known steroidal compounds (5-13). Their structures were elucidated by detailed spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR techniques and chemical evidence. In this study, compounds 2-13 were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against HCT116, A549 and HepG2 tumor cell lines in vitro. Among them, compound 8 (thibetanoside C) showed cytotoxicities against A549 cells(IC50 39.6 ± 1.9 µmol·L-1) and HepG2 cells(IC50 41.5 ± 1.1 µmol·L-1), respectively. Compound 9 (23S, 24S)-24-[(O-ß-D-fucopyranosyl)oxy]-3ß, 23-dihydroxy-spirosta-5, 25(27)-diene-1ß-ylO-(4-O-acetyl- α-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-(1→2)-O-[ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→3)]-α-L-arabinopyranoside) showed cytotoxicity against HCT116 cells(IC50 33.6 ± 2.1 µmol·L-1).

20.
Endocr Relat Cancer ; 26(12): 829-841, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671400

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer is the most frequent endocrine tumor with a growing incidence worldwide. However, common diagnostic strategy for thyroid cancer classification is hardly to make a proper diagnosis in some cases. To assist classical approach, this study used metabolomics to screen and validate biomarkers from serum and urinary for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Overall, 124 untreated PTC, 76 untreated benign thyroid nodule (BTN), and 116 healthy control (HC) were collected in this study. Thirty-six differential metabolites were screened from non-targeted metabolomics with a discovery sample set in comparison with HC and BTN. Serum ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), 1-methyladenosine (1-MedA), pregnanediol-3-glucuronide (PdG), urinary nicotinic acid mononucleotide (NAM) and xanthosine (Xan) were validated to be significantly differential by targeted metabolomics in validation set. The logistic regression model incorporating six biomarkers had excellent discrimination from receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis, with area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.943 (95% CI 0.902 to 0.983) and 0.952 (95% CI 0.921 to 0.983) for female alone and female + male samples, respectively. The prediction accuracy and false-negative rate in the real setting of one PTC to ten suspicious nodules were 84.7 and 17.7% with the threshold at probablity of 0.5. Results of a double-blind study for PTC and BTN had true positive value of 100% and true negative value of 91.7%. To conclude, BHB, DHA, 1-MedA, PdG, NAM and Xan are suitable biomarkers for PTC, and logistic regression models with the six biomarkers can be potentially used as clinical diagnosis.

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