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1.
Cell Tissue Res ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900663

RESUMO

Seizure-induced neurogenesis has a widely recognized pro-epileptogenic function. Given the critical role of Notch signaling during the maintenance and neurogenesis of neural stem cells, we hypothesized that Notch may affect epileptogenesis and its progression through its role in neurogenesis in the adolescent rat brain. We used the lithium-pilocarpine-induced epilepsy model in adolescent Sprague-Dawley rats in order to evaluate hippocampal neurogenesis and epileptogenesis following the onset of status epilepticus (SE). We used western blotting analyses and qPCR to measure levels of Notch signaling at different phases after seizures and immunofluorescence to detect the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells after seizure. Following the administration of DAPT, a Notch γ-secretase inhibitor, into the lateral ventricles, we observed a suppression of abnormal neurogenesis in the acute phase and a reduction of gliosis in the chronic phase after SE. Accordingly, the frequency and duration of spontaneous seizures in chronic phase were decreased. Our results clarify the basic concept regarding the involvement of Notch signaling in the regulation of hippocampal neurogenesis and epileptogenesis, thereby potentially offering a novel and alternative treatment for epilepsy.

2.
Sleep Breath ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900884

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have a higher risk of Behçet's disease (BD) and Sjögren syndrome (SS). However, the bidirectional relationship between these autoimmune diseases and OSA is unclear. We investigated the relationship between autoimmune diseases (SS and BD) and OSA. METHODS: SS and BD patients were identified through the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database from 2002 to 2012. Patients with SS or BD were matched according to age and sex with a control group in a ratio of 1:4. The study included 12,926 patients with SS and 51,704 non-SS controls. Similarly, 1221 patients with BD were matched with 4884 non-BD controls. We used a Cox regression model, stratified by age, gender, and comorbidities, to assess the risk of OSA. RESULTS: OSA was diagnosed in 0.61% of the SS cohort and 1.23% of the BD cohort. The higher overall risk for OSA was observed significantly in patients with SS than in controls (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 2.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.89-3.24). The higher risk was also observed significantly in BD patients than in controls (HR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.06-3.72). Furthermore, men with SS or BD exhibited HR of 2.62 (95% CI 1.89 to 3.62) and 6.40 (95% CI 2.96 to 13.84) for developing OSA, respectively. CONCLUSION: Risk of OSA was significantly elevated in SS or BD patients compared with controls. Further study is warranted to elucidate underlying mechanisms.

3.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901223

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) accounts for approximately 40% of lung cancer cases, and the 5-year relative survival rate is no more than 1%. Dysregulation of components of striatin-interacting phosphatase and kinase (STRIPAK) complexes are associated with various diseases, including cancer. Striatin interacting protein 2 (STRIP2), also called Fam40b, has been reported to regulate tumor cell growth and migration. Here, we investigated the role of STRIP2 in LUAD growth, migration and the underlying mechanisms. Analysis of data from the TCGA database revealed that STRIP2 is highly expressed and predicted poor outcomes in LUAD patients. Moreover, qRT-PCR analysis revealed that the mRNA expression of STRIP2 is greater in all tested LUAD cells than in a normal lung cell line. To investigate the function of STRIP2, we over-expressed STRIP2 in SPC-A1 cells and depleted STRIP2 in Calu-3 cells. Cell proliferation was evaluated by CCK-8 and colony forming assays, and transwell assay was employed to test cell invasion and migration. Our results indicate that STRIP2 depletion suppressed cell proliferation, invasion and migration in Calu-3 cells and over-expression of STRIP2 had the opposite effects in SPC-A1 cells. Moreover, we discovered that STRIP2 depletion reduced the protein levels of p-Akt and p-mTOR in Calu-3 cells, whilst STRIP2 over-expression increased levels of these proteins in SPC-A1 cells. Furthermore, we found that silencing of STRIP2 clearly enhanced protein levels of E-cadherin and reduced levels of N-cadherin, Vimentin and MMP-9 in Calu-3 cells, whereas over-expression of STRIP2 had the opposite effect in SPC-A1 cells. Our data indicate that STRIP2 promotes the proliferation and motility of LUAD cells, and this may be mediated through regulation of the Akt/mTOR pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. These results may facilitate the development of therapeutic strategies to treat LUAD.

4.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 7, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954401

RESUMO

In the original publication of this article [1] we noticed the Fig. 4 was incorrect. The correct Fig. 4 is as below.

5.
Acta Pharm ; 70(2): 227-237, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955141

RESUMO

Curcumin is a lipophilic anti-cancer compound extracted from turmeric. Our previous study demonstrated that the curcumin-loaded nanostructured lipid carrier (Cur-NLC) exhibits superior anti-cancer activity in inhibiting proliferation as well as inducing apoptosis of human HepG2 cells compared to native curcumin. This study aims to unveil the mechanisms underlying the pro-apoptotic effect of Cur-NLC on HepG2 cells. Evidence indicates that low expression of death receptors (DRs) on cancer cell membranes leads to attenuated apoptosis signaling. This study showed that Cur-NLC significantly increased total expression of DR5 protein while simultaneously upregulated cell membrane expression of DR5. Cur-NLC significantly increased caspase-8 and caspase-3 activities, accompanied by increased apoptosis. Furthermore, enhanced apoptosis was inhibited in the presence of a pan-caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD-FMK. Therefore, Cur-NLC induced activation of the extrinsic apoptosis pathway via modulating the DR5/caspase-8/-3 mediated apoptosis pathway in HepG2 cells, suggesting that Cur-NLC is a promising therapeutic agent or supplement for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955572

RESUMO

Understanding the role of oxidation state of Cu surface and surface-adsorbed intermediate species in electrochemical CO2 reduction is crucial for the development of selective CO2-to-fuel electrocatalysts. In this study, the electrochemical CO2 reduction mechanism over the Cu catalysts with various oxidation states was studied by using in situ surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRAS), in situ soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (Cu L-edge) and on-line gas chromatography measurements. The atop-adsorbed CO (COatop) intermediate is obtained on the electrodeposited Cu surface which primarily has the oxidation state of Cu(I). COatop is further reduced, followed by the formation of C1 product such as CH4. The residual bridge-adsorbed CO (CObridge) is formed on the as-prepared Cu surface with Cu(0) which inhibits hydrocarbon formation. In contrast, the CV-treated Cu electrode prepared by oxidizing the as-prepared Cu surface contains different amount of Cu(I) and Cu(0) states. The major theme of this work is that in situ SEIRAS results show the coexistence of COatop and CObridge as the reaction intermediates during CO2 reduction and the selectivity of CO2-to-ethylene conversion is further enhanced in the CV-treated Cu electrode. The Cu catalysts modulated by electrochemical method exhibit different oxidation states and reaction intermediates as well as the electrocatalytic properties.

7.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898456

RESUMO

Sulfur-containing species (SCS), especially sulfur dioxide-relevant species, play an essential role in ecological balance. Owing to the intrinsically labile and mobile characteristics of SCS, it is still considered to be an insurmountable challenge for multiplexed tracking dynamics of SCS with distinct molecular structure, valence state, and condensed state. To address this key problem, we proposed herein alternative versatile single-molecule sensors (VSMs) that intramolecularly integrate high affinity target-guided multiple recognition units into a single sensory molecule, clarified as molecular Nezha available in triplexed responses to gaseous sulfur dioxide, liquid sulfur trioxide, and aqueous bisulfite through ubiquitous charge transfer and nucleophilic addition. High-performance molecular Nezha remarkably facilitated promising applications in a quantitative visualization of SCS on lab-on-paper and tracking the dynamics transformation of SCS as well comprehensive evaluation of multiphase adsorption science of SCS on an advanced Zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8).

8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(1): 165-172, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957393

RESUMO

The unreasonable resource allocation and lower resource use efficiency for rice-wheat double cropping system in Jianghuai region resulted from climate change severely limit the coordinated development of annually high yield and high efficiency crops. Optimizing seasonal resource allocation through sowing date adjustment is an important way to tap the annual high-yield potential and improve resource use efficiency. To quantify the effects of sowing date of rice and wheat on annual yield and resource allocation and utilization efficiency, field experiments were conducted in 2013-2015. Results showed that compared with the conventional rice-wheat cropping system (T2), the two seasons appropriate late-cast cropping system (T3) could coordinate resource allocation in the two seasons through the sowing date adjustment, and transfer the redundant radiation and heat resources in the wheat season to the rice. The distribution rate of accumulated temperature, radiation and rainfall resources for T3 were: rice season accounted for 60.5%, 46.5% and 56.7%, wheat season accounted for 36.3%, 50.0% and 40.9%, and the ratio between two seasons was 1.67, 0.94 and 1.39, respectively. Rice yield and its proportion of annual production were significantly increased. The wheat yield was significantly decreased, with the variation range being smaller than that of rice. The total annual yield was increased by 336.3 kg·hm-2 as compared with T2. The temperature, radiation and rainfall production efficiency for rice in T3 were increased by 9.8%, 5.6% and 8.3% in compared to T2, respectively. There was no significant difference in the climate resource utilization efficiency of wheat season. The annual resource production efficiency of T3 was increased by 4.8%, 3.1% and 6.0% over the T2, respectively. Earlier (T1) or latest sowing (T4) of two seasons cropping system was not appropriate for annual yield formation and resource utilization. In summary, improving resource utilization efficiency in rice season is the key way to increase annual grain yield potential in Jianghuai region. The results provided theoretical and practical bases for the excavation of yield potential of the regional annual cropping system and the adjustment of planting structure.


Assuntos
Oryza , Triticum , Agricultura , Produtos Agrícolas , Grão Comestível , Estações do Ano
9.
Chem Biodivers ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967396

RESUMO

A mixture of taxols was prepared from 10-deacetyl-7-xylosyltaxanes by three-step reactions: redox, acetylation, and deacetylation. The mixture was separated by column chromatography on silica gel to afford Taxol, Taxol B (Cephalomannine) and Taxol C. The mixture of Taxol B and Taxol C was converted to Docetaxel by Schwartz's reagent. The structures of Taxol and Docetaxel were characterized by HPLC, 1 H-NMR, 13 C-NMR and MS. This synthetic process has expanded the source of biomass for the chemical semi-synthesis of Taxol and Docetaxel, reduced the production costs, and increased the biomass resource of taxanes.

10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 251: 112554, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923541

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is tightly associated with inflammation response and oxidative stress. As a folk medicine applied in treatment of diarrhea, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza also possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities, which indicated that B. gymnorrhiza may exert anti-colitis effect. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate effect and mechanism of B. gymnorrhiza on experimental UC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aqueous extract of B. gymnorrhiza leaves (ABL) was used for investigation in the present study. Murine UC was established through access to 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) for 7 days. Meanwhile, mice accepted treatment with ABL (25, 50, 100 mg/kg) or sulfasalazine (200 mg/kg) once daily. On the last day, disease activity index (DAI) including body weight loss, fecal character and degree of bloody diarrhea was evaluated, colon segments were obtained for length measurement and further analysis and feces were collected for intestinal microbiota analysis. RESULTS: ABL ameliorated DAI scores, colon length shortening and histopathological damage in DSS-induced colitis mice obviously. SOD activity, levels of MDA and GSH altered by colitis were restored remarkably after ABL treatment. ABL inhibited increases in levels of colonic COX-2, iNOS, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-10 and IL-11 in colitis mice. Moreover, ABL prominently suppressed NF-κB p65 and IκB phosphorylation and down-regulated mRNA levels of COX-2, iNOS, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß elevated by colitis. As shown in microbiota analysis, ABL modulated composition of intestinal microbiota of colitis mice. CONCLUSION: ABL exhibited protective effect against DSS-induced ulcerative colitis through suppressing NF-κB activation and modulating intestinal microbiota.

11.
J Biomed Sci ; 27(1): 16, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over-stimulation of dopamine signaling is thought to underlie the pathophysiology of a list of mental disorders, such as psychosis, mania and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. These disorders are frequently associated with cognitive deficits in attention or learning and memory, suggesting that persistent activation of dopamine signaling may change neural plasticity to induce cognitive or emotional malfunction. METHODS: Dopamine transporter knockdown (DAT-KD) mice were used to mimic a hyper-dopamine state. Novel object recognition (NOR) task was performed to assess the recognition memory. To test the role of dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) on NOR, DAT-KD mice were treated with either a D3R antagonist, FAUC365 or by deletion of D3R. Total or phospho-GSK3 and -ERK1/2 signals in various brain regions were measured by Western blot analyses. To examine the impact of GSK3 signal on NOR, wild-type mice were systemically treated with GSK3 inhibitor SB216763 or, micro-injected with lentiviral shRNA of GSK3ß or GSK3α in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). RESULTS: We confirmed our previous findings that DAT-KD mice displayed a deficit in NOR memory, which could be prevented by deletion of D3R or exposure to FAUC365. In WT mice, p-GSK3α and p-GSK3ß were significantly decreased in the mPFC after exposure to novel objects; however, the DAT-KD mice exhibited no such change in mPFC p-GSK3α/ß levels. DAT-KD mice treated with FAUC365 or with D3R deletion exhibited restored novelty-induced GSK3 dephosphorylation in the mPFC. Moreover, inhibition of GSK3 in WT mice diminished NOR performance and impaired recognition memory. Lentiviral shRNA knockdown of GSK3ß, but not GSK3α, in the mPFC of WT mice also impaired NOR. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that D3R acts via GSK3ß signaling in the mPFC to play a functional role in NOR memory. In addition, treatment with D3R antagonists may be a reasonable approach for ameliorating cognitive impairments or episodic memory deficits in bipolar disorder patients.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18709, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914079

RESUMO

Kidney handling of electrolytes varies in different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Diabetes mellitus (DM) plays an important role in CKD. Fractional excretion (FE) is an important means in clinical practice. The relationship between FE of electrolytes in patients at different stages of CKD is worth further investigating.We designed a cross-sectional study in 1 teaching hospital, consecutive CKD patients were enrolled between February 2016 and January 2017. Including clinical demographic features, laboratory examination including spot urine electrolytes, blood biochemistries, and relevant medications were determined.A total of 762 CKD patients completed the study. Of these, 218 (28.6%) had DM. Participants were grouped according to estimated glomerular filtration rate into 7 categories: hyperfiltration (HF), CKD1, CKD2, CKD3a, CKD3b, CKD4, and CKD5. Groups HF, CKD1, 2, 3a, 3b, 4 and 5 contained 83, 143, 192, 94, 82, 82, and 86 patients, respectively. FE of electrolytes tended to increase along with the decline of renal function (CKD1-CKD5) (P < .001). The relationship was similar between the DM and non-DM groups. Diabetic patients demonstrated higher FE of magnesium compared with non-DM subjects at CKD2 and CKD5 (P < .05).CKD patients showed a progressive increase in the FE of electrolytes; FE of magnesium seemed to increase more among diabetic patients with CKD, and could be a potential predictor of CKD progression.

13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 349, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941943

RESUMO

We here studied the clinical features, cardiac structure, and functional changes and prognosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with hypertension (HTN). A total of 90 HCM patients with HTN and 172 patients without HTN were divided into a hypertensive group and non-hypertensive group. The clinical characteristics, cardiac structure and function, and prognosis of the two groups were compared. Our study found that HCM patients with HTN had fewer syncope events in their medical histories (8% vs. 22%, P < 0.01) and sudden deaths in the family (3% vs. 10%, P < 0.05). The prevalence of apical hypertrophy (18% vs. 7%, P < 0.01) and midventricular obstruction (26% vs. 15%, P < 0.05) was higher in the HTN group. Besides, simple HCM patients had more pathogenic gene mutations, while those with HTN were more likely to have mutations of uncertain clinical significance (64% vs. 24%, P < 0.05). Evaluation of 5-year survival rate showed a trend for a worse prognosis in HCM patients with HTN, but the results were not statistically insignificant (P = 0.065). In conclusion, we found that the clinical phenotypes of HCM patients with HTN differed from those of patients with HCM alone, suggesting that HTN may play a pathogenic role in the pathogenesis of hypertensive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; 388: 122039, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954310

RESUMO

Rutile TiO2 is widely applied as the raw material to produce titanium dioxide and titanium sponge, whereas the Cr (III) and V (V) impurities in rutile TiO2 significantly affect the performance of related products. In the present work, the sodium carbonate decomposition treatment on Panzhihua titanium slag was attempted, to improve the preparation process of rutile TiO2 with high crystallinity and simultaneously reduce the chromium (Cr) and vanadium (V) content as hazardous elements. Effects of sodium carbonate decomposition treatment on the crystal composition, microstructure of rutile TiO2 were determined using XRD, SEM and Raman characterization. The recovery of Cr(III) and V(V) was achieved through leaching the roasted titanium slag by dilute sulfuric acid, with the chromium and vanadium content in the residue decreasing up to 0.03 % and 0.04 %, respectively, followed by the final product rutile TiO2 was produced by the leaching residue calcined at 1323.15 K with a duration time of 120 min, with 85.56 % of TiO2 grade. The work highlights the feasibility of synchronously preparing rutile TiO2 and removing hazardous Cr (III) and V (V) impurities from titanium slag using sodium carbonate decomposition.

15.
J Chemother ; : 1-13, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928332

RESUMO

Plants and natural compounds have been widely recognized to have potential for the prevention of cancer progression and as complementary or standalone treatments for cancer patients. The major benefits of natural compounds are their reduced toxicity compared to more aggressive and widely utilized cancer treatment approaches. Preclinical studies have led to the discovery of a number of natural anticancer compounds, including preparations of Vitex negundo L., green tea, mandarin peel oil, ursolic acid, curcumin and resveratrol. Although the in vitro data highlights the potential of these natural alternatives, their benefits in clinical cancer treatment remain less conclusive. In this review, we will discuss some of the recent advances in natural anticancer treatment discovery for the four most prominent global cancers, namely, breast, lung, prostate and skin metastases. As the exploration of natural therapeutics continues to expand, these substances have the potential to be utilized as preventative strategies and complimentary therapeutics. In some cases, they may have sufficient anti-tumor and anti-carcinogenic properties to function as standalone cancer treatments.

16.
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs ; 47(1): 26-31, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929441

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to calculate incidence, severity, and risk factors of nasal pressure injuries due to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) treatment in newborns. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Newborns admitted between March 2017 and February 2018 to the neonatal intensive care unit of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, China. METHODS: All newborns' noses were examined during NCPAP application. Every NCPAP-related nasal pressure injury including occurrence date, injury severity, outcomes, and pressure injury treatment methods was recorded. These data were collected twice a week by a research nurse. Nasal pressure injuries were classified using the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel/European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel pressure injury classification system. RESULTS: During the study period, 429 newborns received NCPAP treatment via nasal prongs. Nasal pressure injuries were observed in 149 (34.7%); 99 (66.44%) were classified as Stage 1, 48 (32.31%) were Stage 2, and 2 (1.25%) cases were classified as deep tissue injury. The risk of nasal pressure injury was significantly higher when gestational age was less than 32 weeks (odds ratio [OR], 3.728; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-11.77; P ≤ .025) and in those who received NCPAP treatment for more than 6 days (OR, 0.262; 95% CI, 0.087-0.787; P ≤ .017). The mean interval between the application of NCPAP and onset of nasal pressure injury was 4.72 days (SD, 4.78; range, 0-30 days). CONCLUSIONS: Nasal pressure injuries are a prevalent complication of NCPAP use, especially in preterm newborns. Our results identified a gestational age of less than 32 weeks and longer use of NCPAP are important factors associated with nasal pressure injuries. Methods to prevent the development of injuries such as the use of a prophylactic dressing along and replacement of binasal prongs with nasal masks are advocated.

17.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 3, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The propensity of the activated neutrophils to form extracellular traps (NETs) is demonstrated in multiple inflammatory conditions. In this study, we investigated the roles of NETs in metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and further explored the underlying mechanism of how NETs affect metastasis as well as the therapeutic value. METHODS: The neutrophils were isolated from the blood of human HCC patients and used to evaluate the formation of NETs. The expression of NET markers was detected in tumor specimens. A LPS-induced NET model was used to investigate the role of NETs on HCC metastasis. RNA-seq was performed to identify the key molecular event triggered by NETs, and their underlying mechanism and therapeutic significance were explored using both in vitro and in vivo assays. RESULTS: NET formation was enhanced in neutrophils derived from HCC patients, especially those with metastatic HCCs. NETs trapped HCC cells and subsequently induced cell-death resistance and enhanced invasiveness to trigger their metastatic potential, which was mediated by internalization of NETs into trapped HCC cells and activation of Toll-like receptors TLR4/9-COX2 signaling. Inhibition of TLR4/9-COX2 signaling abrogated the NET-aroused metastatic potential. A combination of DNase 1 directly wrecking NETs with anti-inflammation drugs aspirin/hydroxychloroquine effectively reduced HCC metastasis in mice model. CONCLUSIONS: NETs trigger tumorous inflammatory response and fuel HCC metastasis. Targeting NETs rather than neutrophils themselves can be a practice strategy against HCC metastasis.

18.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 13, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pectin methylesterase (PME) is a hydrolytic enzyme that catalyzes the demethylesterification of homogalacturonans and controls pectin reconstruction, being essential in regulation of cell wall modification. During fruit ripening stage, PME-mediated cell wall remodeling is an important process to determine fruit firmness and softening. Strawberry fruit is a soft fruit with a short postharvest life, due to a rapid loss of firm texture. Hence, preharvest improvement of strawberry fruit rigidity is a prerequisite for extension of fruit refreshing time. Although PME has been well characterized in model plants, knowledge regarding the functionality and evolutionary property of PME gene family in strawberry remain limited. RESULTS: A total of 54 PME genes (FvPMEs) were identified in woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca 'Hawaii 4'). Phylogeny and gene structure analysis divided these FvPME genes into four groups (Group 1-4). Duplicate events analysis suggested that tandem and dispersed duplications effectively contributed to the expansion of the PME family in strawberry. Through transcriptome analysis, we identified FvPME38 and FvPME39 as the most abundant-expressed PMEs at fruit ripening stages, and they were positively regulated by abscisic acid. Genetic manipulation of FvPME38 and FvPME39 by overexpression and RNAi-silencing significantly influences the fruit firmness, pectin content and cell wall structure, indicating a requirement of PME for strawberry fruit softening. CONCLUSION: Our study globally analyzed strawberry pectin methylesterases by the approaches of phylogenetics, evolutionary prediction and genetic analysis. We verified the essential role of FvPME38 and FvPME39 in regulation of strawberry fruit softening process, which provided a guide for improving strawberry fruit firmness by modifying PME level.

19.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(1): 67-73, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950792

RESUMO

Objective: To develop and verify a flow cytometric measurement of reticulocytes (RETs) micronucleus in rat bone marrow. Methods: In our flow cytometric protocol, reticulocytes, leukocytes and DNA were labeled by anti-CD71-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), anti-CD45-phycoerythrin (PE) and DRAQ5, respectively. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were assigned to four treatment groups randomly, and were exposed to ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS), cyclophosphamide (CP), ethyl nitrosourea (ENU) and colchicine (COL) respectively. Each treatment group was divided into four subgroups (5 rats per subgroup) according to different exposure dosage. A exposure dose of 0 was used as vehicle control for each group. Rats were administered with testing mutagens by gavage twice with a 24 h interval. Bone marrow from both femurs were collected 24 h after the last administration. The frequency of micronucleated reticulocytes (MN-RETs) and the percentage of reticulocytes (RETs%) were determined by flow cytometric measurement established in this study. And the manual counting method with microscope (by Giemsa staining) was conducted at the same time. Results: A method for detection of reticulocyte micronucleus in bone marrow based on flow cytometry was successfully established. The MN-RETs in rat bone marrow of 20 SD rats treated by vehicle (i.e., background value of MN-RETs) was 0.83‰±0.12‰ by this method. The background value of MN-RETs in manual enumeration method was 1.43‰±0.44‰. It was obvious that the flow cytometric method had lower background value and more stable results. The trend, in which MN-RETs ascended and RETs% descended with increasing dose, can be detected by both methods in rats that exposed to EMS, CP, ENU and COL. Both methods were good to detect the correlation of induced-MN-RETs with four testing mutagens (the correlation coefficients were ranged from 0.834 3 to 0.913 7). Conclusion: With its sensitivity, rapidity, easy operation and low background value, the three-color flow cytometric enumerative protocol established in our laboratory can be used as a good substitute for manual micronucleus counting method and used in genotoxicity assessment of chemical substances.

20.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227297, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907493

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study compared the quality of life (QOL) of hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients in Taiwan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited end-stage renal disease patients from 34 Taiwanese hospitals or clinics. Patient characteristics, diagnoses, and laboratory data were extracted from charts. The Chinese version of the Quality of Life Index-Dialysis version (QLI-D) was used. Multiple linear regression analysis showed the effects of dialysis modality on QOL. P<0.05 indicated statistical significance. RESULTS: In total, 600 HD and 387 PD patients were included. The mean health and functioning, social and economic, psychological/spiritual, and family subscale scores and total QOL scores were significantly lower in HD patients than PD patients. After adjusting for region, hospital level, age, education level, marital status, and Karnofsky Performance Scale, the total QOL was 2.81 points higher for PD patients than for HD patients visiting medical centers (p<0.001). The total QOL was 2.53 points lower in PD patients than in HD patients for those visiting clinics. CONCLUSION: Compared to HD patients, PD patients had better QOL in Taiwanese medical centers. The current survey improves our understanding of the QOL of patients undergoing different dialysis modalities in Taiwan.

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