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1.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 66(5): 204-207, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040837

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of microRNA (miR)-556-3p on cell proliferation and apoptosis of hemangioma-derived endothelial cells (HemECs).  qRT-PCR was used to compare the expressions of miR-556-3p in HemECs and normal cells. The target gene was identified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. Cell proliferation was measured with MTT assay, while western blotting was used to assay VEGFC expression levels. Apoptosis was assayed with FITC Annexin V Apoptosis assay kit. miR-556-3p was overexpressed in HemECs. Transfection with miR-556-3p inhibitor resulted in decreased proliferation of HemECs (p<0.05). The expression of the target gene of miR-556-3pi.e. VEGFC was upregulated when miR-556-3p inhibitor was transfected. The transfection also resulted in increased apoptosis. In HemECs, miR-556-3p is overexpressed and VEGFC expression is low. Thus, miR-556-3p or VEGFC might be potential targets for treatment of angiosarcoma.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048468

RESUMO

Cancer immune plays a critical role in cancer progression. Tumour immunology and immunotherapy are one of the exciting areas in bladder cancer research. In this study, we aimed to develop an immune-related gene signature to improve the prognostic prediction of bladder cancer. Firstly, we identified 392 differentially expressed immune-related genes (IRGs) based on TCGA and ImmPort databases. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that these genes were enriched in inflammatory and immune-related pathways, including in 'regulation of signaling receptor activity', 'cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction' and 'GPCR ligand binding'. Then, we separated all samples in TCGA data set into the training cohort and the testing cohort in a ratio of 3:1 randomly. Data set GSE13507 was set as the validation cohort. We constructed a prognostic six-IRG signature with LASSO Cox regression in the training cohort, including AHNAK, OAS1, APOBEC3H, SCG2, CTSE and KIR2DS4. Six IRGs reflected the microenvironment of bladder cancer, especially immune cell infiltration. The prognostic value of six-IRG signature was further validated in the testing cohort and the validation cohort. The results of multivariable Cox regression and subgroup analysis revealed that six-IRG signature was a clinically independent prognostic factor for bladder cancer patients. Further, we constructed a nomogram based on six-IRG signature and other clinicopathological risk factors, and it performed well in predict patients' survival. Finally, we found six-IRG signature showed significant difference in different molecular subtypes of bladder cancer. In conclusions, our research provided a novel immune-related gene signature to estimate prognosis for patients' survival with bladder cancer.

3.
New Phytol ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058210

RESUMO

RNA polymerase II (Pol II) associated proteins (RPAPs) have been ascribed diverse functions at cellular level, however, their roles in developmental processes in yeasts, animals and plants are very poorly understood. Through screening for interactors of NRPB3 which encodes the third largest subunit of Pol II, we identified RIMA, the orthologue of mammalian RPAP2. A combination of genetic and biochemical assays revealed the role of RIMA and other RPAPs in stomatal development in Arabidopsis thaliana. We show that RIMA is involved in nuclear import of NRPB3 and other Pol II subunits, and is essential for restraining division and for establishing cell identity in the stomatal cell lineage. Moreover, plant RPAPs IYO/RPAP1 and QQT1/RPAP4 which interact with RIMA are also crucial for stomatal development. Importantly, RIMA and QQT1 bind physically to stomatal transcription factors SPEECHLESS, MUTE, FAMA and SCREAMs. The RIMA-QQT1-IYO complex could work together with key stomatal transcription factors and Pol II to drive cell fate transitions in the stomatal cell lineage. Direct interactions with stomatal transcription factors provide a novel mechanism by which RPAP proteins may control differentiation of cell types and tissues in eukaryotes.

4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 7143-7153, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061372

RESUMO

Introduction: Tobacco mosaic virus-based nanoparticles (TMV VNPs) were previously shown to promote osteogenic differentiation in vitro. This study aims to investigate whether and how TMV VNPs impact on osteoclastogenesis in vitro and bone injury healing in vivo. Methods: Raw264.7 cells were cultured in osteoclastogenic medium in culture plates coated with or without TMV and TMV-RGD1 VNPs, followed by TRAP staining, RT-qPCR and WB assessing expression of osteoclastogenic marker genes, and immunofluorescence assessing NF-κB activation. TMV and TMV-RGD1-modified hyaluronic acid hydrogel were used to treat mouse tibial bone injury. Bone injury healing was checked by micro-CT and Masson staining. Results: TMV and TMV-RGD1 VNPs significantly inhibited osteoclast differentiation and downregulated the expression of osteoclastogenic marker genes Ctr, Ctsk, Mmp-9, Rank, and Trap. Moreover, TMV and TMV-RGD1 VNPs inhibited NF-κB p65 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation, as well as activation of mTOR/AKT signaling pathway. TMV and TMV-RGD1-modified HA hydrogel strongly promoted mouse tibial bone injury with increased bone mass compared to plain HA hydrogel. The amount of osteoclasts was significantly reduced in TMV and TMV-RGD1 treated mice. TMV-RGD1 was more effective than TMV in inhibiting osteoclast differentiation and promoting bone injury repair. Discussion: These data demonstrated the great potential of TMV VNPs to be developed into biomaterial for bone injury repair or replacement.

5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 9102012, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062149

RESUMO

The widespread use of therapeutic glucocorticoids has increased the frequency of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP). One of the potential pathological processes of GIOP is an increased level of oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction, which eventually leads to osteoblast apoptosis. Proanthocyanidins (PAC) are plant-derived antioxidants that have therapeutic potential against GIOP. In our study, a low dose of PAC was nontoxic to healthy osteoblasts and restored osteogenic function in dexamethasone- (Dex-) treated osteoblasts by suppressing oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and apoptosis. Mechanistically, PAC neutralized Dex-induced damage in the osteoblasts by activating the Nrf2 pathway, since silencing Nrf2 partly eliminated the protective effects of PAC. Furthermore, PAC injection restored bone mass and promoted the expression of Nrf2 in the distal femur of Dex-treated osteoporotic rats. In summary, PAC protect osteoblasts against Dex-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction via the Nrf2 pathway activation and may be a promising drug for treating GIOP.

6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(11): 105182, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066878

RESUMO

Infection with the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes the development of the novel 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and associated clinical symptoms, which typically presents as an upper respiratory syndrome such as pneumonia. Growing evidence indicates an increased prevalence of neurological involvement (e.g., in the form of stroke) during virus infection. COVID-19 has been suggested to be more than a lung infection because it affects the vasculature of the lungs and other organs and increases the risk of thrombosis. Patients with stroke are vulnerable to secondary events as a result not only of their poor vascular condition but also of their lack of access to rehabilitation resources. Herein, we review current knowledge regarding the pathophysiology of COVID-19, its possible association with neurological involvement, and current drug therapies. Suggestions are also offered regarding the potential for current neurorehabilitation therapies to be taught and practiced at home.

7.
Clin Nutr ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional risk and therapy in severe and critical patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A total of 523 patients enrolled from four hospitals in Wuhan, China. The inclusion time was from January 2, 2020 to February 15. Clinical characteristics and laboratory values were obtained from electronic medical records, nursing records, and related examinations. RESULTS: Of these patients, 211 (40.3%) were admitted to the ICU and 115 deaths (22.0%). Patients admitted to the ICU had lower BMI and plasma protein levels. The median Nutrition risk in critically ill (NUTRIC) score of 211 patients in the ICU was 5 (4, 6) and Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS) score was 5 (3, 6). The ratio of parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy in non-survivors was greater than that in survivors, and the time to start nutrition therapy was later than that in survivors. The NUTRIC score can independently predict the risk of death in the hospital (OR = 1.197, 95%CI: 1.091-1.445, p = 0.006) and high NRS score patients have a higher risk of poor outcome in the ICU (OR = 1.880, 95%CI: 1.151-3.070, p = 0.012). After adjusted age and sex, for each standard deviation increase in BMI, the risk of in-hospital death was reduced by 13% (HR = 0.871, 95%CI: 0.795-0.955, p = 0.003), and the risk of ICU transfer was reduced by 7% (HR = 0.932, 95%CI:0.885-0.981, p = 0.007). The in-hospital survival time of patients with albumin level ≤35 g/L was significantly decreased (15.9 d, 95% CI: 13.7-16.3, vs 24.2 d, 95% CI: 22.3-29.7, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Severe and critical patients with COVID-19 have a high risk of malnutrition. Low BMI and protein levels were significantly associated with adverse events. Early nutritional risk screening and therapy for patients with COVID-19 are necessary.

8.
ChemSusChem ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017513

RESUMO

The carboxylation of cyclic oxime esters with carbon dioxide via visible-light photoredox catalysis is demonstrated for the first time. A variety of cyclopentanone and cyclobutanone oxime esters undergo ring-opening C-C bond cleavage and carboxylation to give cyanoalkyl-containing carboxylic acids in moderate to good yields. Moreover, this methodology features mild reaction conditions (room temperature, 1 atm), wide substrate scope, good functional group tolerance as well as facile derivations of products. Mechanistic studies indicate that the benzylic radicals and anions might be the key intermediates.

9.
Life Sci ; 262: 118519, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010279

RESUMO

AIM: Neuroinflammation is a potent pathological process of various neurodegenerative diseases. Sulforaphane (SFN) is a natural product and acts as a neuroprotective agent to suppress inflammatory response in brain. The present study investigated the protective effect of Sulforaphane (SFN) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided into three groups: control group, LPS group and LPS + SFN group. Morris water maze test was carried out to evaluate the spatial memory and learning function of rats. The inflammatory cytokines levels in hippocampal tissues, plasma were measured by ELISA. The western blot was used to detect Cezanne/NF-κB signalling. For in vitro study, the Cezanne siRNA and scrambled control were transfected into BV2 cells, and then treated with or without 20 µM SFN before exposed to LPS. The inflammatory cytokines levels and Cezanne/NF-κB signalling were detected by ELISA and western blot, respectively. Co-IP assay were applied to investigate the regulation of Cezanne on ubiquitination of TRAF6 and RIP1. KEY FINDINGS: SFN improved LPS-induced neurocognitive dysfunction in rats. It inhibited the neuroinflammation and activation of NF-κB pathway induced by LPS. The modulation of TRAF6 and RIP1 ubiquitination by Cezanne was playing a pivotal role in relation to the mechanism of SFN inhibiting NF-κB pathway. SIGNIFICANCE: The results of our study demonstrated that SFN could attenuate LPS-induced neuroinflammation through the modulation of Cezanne/NF-κB signalling.

10.
Theranostics ; 10(25): 11520-11534, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052230

RESUMO

Purpose: Clinical success of precision medicine is severely limited by de novo or acquired drug resistance. It remains a clinically unmet need to treat these patients. Tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) play a critical role in tumorigenesis and impact the therapeutic effect of various treatments. Experimental Design: Using clinical data, in vitro cell line data and in vivo mouse model data, we revealed the tumor suppressive role of Clusterin in lung cancer. We also delineated the signaling cascade elicited by loss of function of CLU in NSCLC cells and tested precision medicine for CLU deficient lung cancers. Results: CLU is a potent and clinically relevant TSG in lung cancer. Mechanistically, CLU inhibits TGFBR1 to recruit TRAF6/TAB2/TAK1 complex and thus inhibits activation of TAK1- NF-κB signaling axis. Lung cancer cells with loss of function of CLU show exquisite sensitivity to TAK1 inhibitors. Importantly, we show that a significant portion of Kras mutation positive NSCLC patients are concurrently deficient of CLU and that TAK1 kinase inhibitor synergizes with existing drugs to treat this portion of lung cancers patients. Conclusions: Combinational treatment with TAK1 inhibitor and MEK1/2 inhibitor effectively shrank Kras mutation positive and CLU deficient NSCLC tumors. Moreover, we put forward a concept that loss of function of a TSG rewires signaling network and thereby creates an Achilles' heel in tumor cells which could be exploited in precision medicine.

11.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 291, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Concomitant bipolar radiofrequency ablation and valve replacement in the elderly remains controversial. In the current study, we aimed to compare the outcomes of concomitant valve replacement and bipolar radiofrequency ablation with valve replacement alone in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients aged ≥70 years who underwent valve replacement with or without bipolar radiofrequency ablation in a single-centre between January 2006 and March 2015. The early postoperative results and long-term clinical outcomes were compared after propensity score matching. RESULTS: A total of 34 pairs of patients (73.94 ± 2.64 years old; 34 in the AF with ablation group and 34 in the AF without ablation group) were enrolled in the propensity score matching analysis. There were no significant differences between the two matched groups in terms of surgical mortality (5.88% vs. 2.94%, P = 0.555) and major postoperative morbidity. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a significantly better overall survival in the AF with ablation group compared to the AF without ablation group (P = 0.009). Cumulative incidence curves showed a lower incidence of cardiovascular death in the AF with ablation group (P = 0.025, Gray's test). Patients in the AF with ablation group had a reduced incidence of stroke compared to patients in the AF with ablation group (P = 0.009, Gray's test). The freedom from AF after 5 years was 58.0% in the AF with ablation group and 3.0% in the AF without ablation group. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of bipolar radiofrequency ablation is a safe and feasible procedure, even in patients aged ≥70 years, with a better long-term survival and a reduced incidence of stroke compared to valve replacement alone. These findings suggest that bipolar radiofrequency ablation should always be considered as a concomitant procedure for elderly patients with AF who require cardiac surgery. However, a large-scale, prospective, multi-centre, randomized study should be performed in the future to fully validate our findings.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Cateteres , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Nat Prod ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026809

RESUMO

Excessive eIF4E phosphorylation by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-interacting kinases 1 and 2 (MNK1 and MNK2; collectively, MNKs) has been associated with oncogenesis. The overexpression of eIF4E in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is related to cancer cell growth and survival. Thus, the inhibition of MNKs and eIF4E phosphorylation are potential therapeutic strategies for AML. Herein, a structure-based virtual screening approach was performed to identify potential MNK inhibitors from natural products. Three flavonoids, apigenin, hispidulin, and luteolin, showed MNK2 inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 308, 252, and 579 nM, respectively. A structure-activity relationship analysis was performed to disclose the molecular interactions. Furthermore, luteolin exhibited substantial inhibitory efficacy against MNK1 (IC50 = 179 nM). Experimental results from cellular assays showed that hispidulin and luteolin inhibited the growth of MOLM-13 and MV4-11 AML cells by downregulating eIF4E phosphorylation and arresting the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase. Therefore, hispidulin and luteolin showed promising results as lead compounds for the potential treatment for AML.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028029

RESUMO

In response to hypoxia under submergence, plants switch from aerobic respiration to anaerobic fermentation, which leads to the accumulation of the end product, ethanol. We previously reported that Arabidopsis thaliana autophagy-deficient mutants show increased sensitivity to ethanol treatment, indicating that ethanol is likely involved in regulating the autophagy-mediated hypoxia response. Here, using a transcriptomic analysis, we identified 3909 genes in Arabidopsis seedlings that were differentially expressed in response to ethanol treatment, including 2487 upregulated and 1422 downregulated genes. Ethanol treatment significantly upregulated genes involved in autophagy and the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. Using transgenic lines expressing AUTOPHAGY-RELATED PROTEIN 8e fused to green fluorescent protein (GFP-ATG8e), we confirmed that exogenous ethanol treatment promotes autophagosome formation in vivo. Phenotypic analysis showed that deletions in the alcohol dehydrogenase gene in adh1 mutants result in attenuated submergence tolerance, decreased accumulation of ATG proteins, and diminished submergence-induced autophagosome formation. Compared to the submergence-tolerant Arabidopsis accession Columbia (Col-0), the submergence-intolerant accession Landsberg erecta (Ler) displayed hypersensitivity to ethanol treatment; we linked these phenotypes to differences in the functions of ADH1 and the autophagy machinery between these accessions. Thus, ethanol promotes autophagy-mediated submergence tolerance in Arabidopsis.

14.
J Card Surg ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We developed an integrated triple-branched stent to treat acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection (AD) and modified it to enhance its adaptability. However, whether the patients treated by the modified stent would achieve better long-term prognosis is unknown. METHODS: This study enrolled 147 patients with acute DeBakey type I AD. The original integrated triple-branched stents were used in 57 patients (Group A) between July 2012 and August 2013, and the modified stents in 90 patients (Group B) between September 2013 and March 2015. Clinical characteristics, surgical data, postoperative complications, mortality, and follow-up data of the two groups were analyzed. RESULTS: The two groups presented comparable early death rates (Group A = 7.0%, Group B = 5.9%; p = .719). The incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) was lower in Group B (10.0%) versus Group A (24.6%) (p = .018). Compared with the original integrated triple-branched stent graft, the modified stent could reduce the risk of early postoperative AKI (OR [95% CI] = 0.36 [0.14, 0.94]). Early endoleak rates were significantly lower in Group B (1.0%) compared to Group A (9.4%) (p = .004). During follow-up, there were five deaths in Group A (9.4%) and six deaths in Group B (7.2%) (p = .646). Chronic kidney injury (7.5% vs. 3.6%; p = .311), delayed endoleak (11.3% vs. 4.8%; p = .157), and late reinterventions (7.5% vs. 2.4%; p = .155) in the two groups were similar. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute DeBakey type I AD, the modified stent showed feasible and safe treatment outcomes and reduced early endoleak rates. However, the long-term effects were similar to the original treatment.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report a single centre management experience and mid term outcomes for symptomatic spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (SISMAD). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. Between 1 August 2012, and 30 June 2018, consecutive patients with symptomatic SISMAD were included. Patient demographics, clinical symptoms, comorbidities, risk factors, and dissection characteristics were obtained. The treatment regimens and clinical and follow up outcomes were reviewed and analysed. A chi square test, Fisher's exact test, or one way analysis of variance was used to compare variables between the groups. Binary logistic regression was used to determine predictive factors for failed conservative treatment. The cumulative rate of complete dissection remodelling was calculated using a Kaplan-Meier curve. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients (mean age, 56.0 ± 9.3 years) were included. Patients at risk of intestinal ischaemia or dissecting aneurysm rupture were considered to be high risk patients (Group 1, n = 16) and received primary endovascular treatment. The remaining patients were considered low risk (Group 2, n = 46) and received primary conservative treatment. Symptom relief was observed in 82.6% of patients in Group 2. Finally, failed conservative treatment was observed in 50% of the low risk patients. Dissection length ≥50 mm was an independent risk factor for failed conservative treatment (p = .019; OR 4.68, 95% CI 1.29-16.98). During a median follow up of 30.5 months (interquartile range, 17.5, 58.3), patients with stents had a higher complete dissection remodelling rate than those without stents. CONCLUSION: This study found that conservative treatment showed satisfactory symptom resolution for low risk SISMAD patients. Endovascular stenting was associated with a high technical success and dissection remodelling rate. This treatment modality might be reserved for patients with high risk SISMAD or failed conservative treatment. In addition, a dissection length ≥50 mm was a risk factor for failed conservative treatment.

16.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034112

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim at this study was to determine the effects of unsaturated fatty acids on clinical plasmids. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two unsaturated fatty acids, linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) at final concentration 0, 0.03, 0.3, and 3 mmol L-1 , respectively, were used to assess the effects on conjugative transfer of a mcr-1-harboring plasmid pCSZ4 (IncX4) in conjugation experiment. The inhibitory mechanisms were analyzed by molecular docking and the gene expression of virB11 was quantitated by qRT-PCR. Target plasmid diversity was carried out by TrwD/VirB11 homology protein sequence prediction analysis. Our results showed that LA and ALA inhibit plasmid pCSZ4 transfer by binding to the amino acid residues (Phe124 and Thr125) of VirB11 with dose-dependent effects. The expression levels of virB11 gene were also significantly inhibited by LA and ALA treatment. Protein homology analysis revealed a wide distribution of TrwD/VirB11-like genes among over 37 classes of plasmids originated from both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates representing a diversity of plasmids that may be potentially inhibited by unsaturated fatty acids. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF STUDY: Our work reported here provides additional support for application of curbing the spread of multiple plasmids by unsaturated fatty acids.

17.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 696, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) is a major cool-season forage and turfgrass species. The low tiller density and size dramatically limits its turf performance and forage yield. MicroRNAs (miRNA)-genes modules play critical roles in tiller development in plants. In this study, a genome-wide small RNA profiling was carried out in two tall fescue genotypes contrasting for tillering production ('Ch-3', high tiller production rate and 'Ch-5', low tiller production rate) and two types of tissue samples at different tillering development stage (Pre-tillering, grass before tillering; Tillering, grass after tillering). 'Ch-3', 'Ch-5', Pre-tillering, and Tillering samples were analyzed using high-throughput RNA sequencing. RESULTS: A total of 222 million high-quality clean reads were generated and 208 miRNAs were discovered, including 148 known miRNAs belonging to 70 families and 60 novel ones. Furthermore, 18 miRNAs were involved in tall fescue tiller development process. Among them, 14 miRNAs displayed increased abundance in both Ch-3 and Tillering plants compared with that in Ch-5 and Pre-tillering plants and were positive with tillering, while another four miRNAs were negative with tiller development. Out of the three miRNAs osa-miR156a, zma-miR528a-3p and osa-miR444b.2, the rest of 15 miRNAs were newfound and associated with tiller development in plants. Based on our previous full-length transcriptome analysis in tall fescue, 28,927 potential target genes were discovered for all identified miRNAs. Most of the 212 target genes of the 18 miRNAs were dominantly enriched into "ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis", "phagosome", "fatty acid biosynthesis", "oxidative phosphorylation", and "biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids" KEGG pathways. In addition, bdi-miR167e-3p targets two kinase proteins EIF2AK4 and IRAK4, and osa-miR397a targets auxin response factor 5, which may be the significant miRNA-genes controllers in tillering development. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first genome-wide miRNA profiles analysis to identify regulators involved in tiller development in cool-season turfgrass. Tillering related 18 miRNAs and their 212 target genes provide novel information for the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of miRNA-genes mediated tiller development in cool-season turfgrass.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; : 142319, 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069479

RESUMO

Microcystis spp., are Gram-negative, oxygenic, photosynthetic prokaryotes which use solar energy to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) and minerals into organic compounds and biomass. Eutrophication, rising CO2 concentrations and global warming are increasing Microcystis blooms globally. Due to its high availability and protein content, Microcystis biomass has been suggested as a protein source for animal feeds. This would reduce dependency on soybean and other agricultural crops and could make use of "waste" biomass when Microcystis scums and blooms are harvested. Besides proteins, Microcystis contain further nutrients including lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. However, Microcystis produce cyanobacterial toxins, including microcystins (MCs) and other bioactive metabolites, which present health hazards. In this review, challenges of using Microcystis blooms in feeds are identified. First, nutritional and toxicological (nutri-toxicogical) data, including toxicity of Microcystis to mollusks, crustaceans, fish, amphibians, mammals and birds, is reviewed. Inclusion of Microcystis in diets caused greater mortality, lesser growth, cachexia, histopathological changes and oxidative stress in liver, kidney, gill, intestine and spleen of several fish species. Estimated daily intake (EDI) of MCs in muscle of fish fed Microcystis might exceed the provisional tolerable daily intake (TDI) for humans, 0.04 µg/kg body mass (bm)/day, as established by the World Health Organization (WHO), and is thus not safe. Muscle of fish fed M. aeruginosa is of low nutritional value and exhibits poor palatability/taste. Microcystis also causes hepatotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, cardiotoxicity, neurotoxicity and immunotoxicity to mollusks, crustaceans, amphibians, mammals and birds. Microbial pathogens can also occur in blooms of Microcystis. Thus, cyanotoxins/xenobiotics/pathogens in Microcystis biomass should be removed/degraded/inactivated sufficiently to assure safety for use of the biomass as a primary/main/supplemental ingredient in animal feed. As an ameliorative measure, antidotes/detoxicants can be used to avoid/reduce the toxic effects. Before using Microcystis in feed ingredients/supplements, further screening for health protection and cost control is required.

19.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 23(10): 852-857, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomical segmentectomy is more and more widely used in lung nodules and early stage lung cancer. Postoperative lung air leakage is one of the common complications after surgery. This study aimed to explore the effect of the application of repair materials in precise segmentectomy under thoracoscopy in reducing postoperative lung air leakage. METHODS: This study included patients admitted to the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Jiangsu Provincial People's Hospital who were scheduled to undergo thoracoscopic segmentectomy from August 1, 2018 to July 31, 2019. According to the difference of the materials used in the treatment of the inter-segment interface during the operation: patients who used microporous polysaccharide hemostatic powder+fibrin adhesive glue+absorbable polyglycolic acid patch were divided into group A, and the patients with fibrin adhesive+absorbable polyglycolic acid patch were divided into group B. The preoperative basic information of all patients and the daily postoperative chest drainage volume, the indwelling time of the chest drainage tube, the chest radiograph before the chest drainage tube is removed, the chest radiograph after the chest drainage tube is removed, blood routine and postoperative hospital stay were collected and recorded, and the effect of the application of intraoperative repair materials on postoperative lung air leakage was analyzed. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in the indwelling time of thoracic drainage tube (P=0.019) and postoperative hospital stay (P=0.017) between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the use of the fibrin glue+absorbability polyglycolic acid patch, the use of microporous polysaccharide hemostatic powder+fibrin glue+absorbability polyglycolic acid patch in the treatment of the inter-segment interface during segmentectomy can better reduce the incidence of postoperative air leakage and shorten the postoperative hospital stay.

20.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 21(3): 481-487, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070552

RESUMO

The relationship between stent expansion conditions and clinical outcomes is not completely understood. This prospective cohort study included patients who were successfully implanted with second-generation drug-eluting stent in 2012 and received follow-up angiography in 9-12 months. Stent over-expansion was defined as ≥ 1.05 of the stented segment over the reference artery diameter. Imaging parameters were measured, and the follow-up period was 7 years. A total of 123 patients with 161 lesions were enrolled, and 75 (46.58%) stents were found to be over-expanded. The baseline clinical and procedural data were comparable. Stent over-expansion showed a markedly increased diameter stenosis percentage (DSP) at 1-year follow-up (24.12 ± 21.10% vs. 14.65 ± 16.75%, P = 0.002) and high late lumen loss (LLL) in-segment (0.54 ± 0.62 mm vs. 0.31 ± 0.55 mm, P = 0.014). Furthermore, 63 patients with ≥ 1 over-expanded stented lesions were classified into the over-expansion group. Cumulative major cardiac adverse event (MACE) was higher in the over-expansion group than the norm-expansion group (17.5% vs. 8.3%, P = 0.133). Target lesion revascularization/target vessel revascularization increased during the 7-year follow-up period in the over-expansion group compared with the norm-expansion group (11.1% vs. 3.3%, P = 0.098). The Kaplan-Meier cumulative MACE-free survival showed a better tendency for statistical differences in the norm-expansion group than in the over-expansion group (log-rank test; P = 0.083). Conclusion: Stent over-expansion is associated with a significant increase in LLL and DSP at 1-year angiographic follow-up and with the increasing trend of cumulative MACE during 7-year clinical follow-up period compared with stent norm-expansion. Stent over-expansion needs to be avoided.

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