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1.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303727, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723052

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150206.].

2.
Chemosphere ; 359: 142259, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723692

RESUMO

6-Methylquinoline (6-MQ) is identified as a high-concentration organic compound pervasive in shale gas wastewater (SGW) and poses a significant risk of environmental pollution. In response, this study aimed to address these challenges by introducing an innovative electrochemical membrane constructed with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for the removal of 6-MQ. The investigation systematically explored the impact of voltage, initial pollutant concentration, and salinity on the performance of the electrochemical CNTs filter. It was found a positive correlation between removal efficiency and increasing voltage and salinity levels. Conversely, as the initial concentration of pollutants increased, the efficiency showed a diminishing trend. The electrochemical CNTs filter exhibited remarkable efficacy in both adsorption removal and electrochemical oxidation of 6-MQ. Notably, the CNTs membrane exhibited robust adsorption capabilities, evidenced by the sustained adsorption of 6-MQ for over 33 h. Furthermore, applying an electrochemical oxidation voltage of 3 V consistently maintained a removal rate exceeding 34.0% due to both direct and indirect oxidation, underscoring the sustained efficacy of the electrochemical membranes. Besides, real wastewater experiments, while displaying a reduction in removal efficiency compared to synthetic wastewater experiments, emphasized the substantial potential of the electrochemical CNTs filter for practical applications. This study underscores the significant promise of electrochemical membranes in addressing low molecular weight contaminants in SGW, contributing valuable insights for advancing SGW treatment strategies.

4.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1363598, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742101

RESUMO

Introduction: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is known to be intricately linked to severe COVID-19 (sCOVID-19) occurrence. Herein, we employed univariable Mendelian randomization (MR) and transcriptome analysis to predict the causal association and associated signaling networks between VTE and sCOVID-19. Methods: Potential VTE and sCOVID-19 association was assessed using MR-Egger, weighted median, simple mode, weighted mode, and inverse variance weighted (IVW) regression. We conducted independent univariable analyses involving VTE and sCOVID-19. Using heterogeneity, pleiotropy, and the Leave-One-Out examinations, we performed sensitivity analyses. Thereafter, we performed transcriptome analysis of the GSE164805 dataset to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) linked to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Lastly, we conducted immune analyses. Results: Based on our univariable analysis, VTE was a strong indicator of sCOVID-19 development, and it was intricately linked to sCOVID-19. We further conducted sensitivity analysis to demonstrate the reliability of our results. Using differential analysis, we identified 15 major genes, namely, ACSS2, CEP250, CYP4V2, DDB2, EIF6, GBGT1, GSS, MADD, MAPK8IP1, MMP24, YBPC3, NT5DC3, PROCR, SURF6, and YIPF2, which were strongly connected to suppressive adaptive immune as well as augmented inflammatory cells. In addition, we uncovered strong associations with most differential immunologic gene sets, such as, the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC), immunoactivators, and immunosuppressors. Conclusion: Herein, we demonstrated we strong association between VTE and enhanced sCOVID-19 risk. We also identified 15 DEGs which potentially contribute to the shared immunologic pathogenesis between VTE and sCOVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , SARS-CoV-2 , Tromboembolia Venosa , Humanos , COVID-19/genética , COVID-19/imunologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/genética , Tromboembolia Venosa/imunologia , Transcriptoma , Predisposição Genética para Doença
6.
Microb Genom ; 10(5)2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700925

RESUMO

Paramyxoviruses are a group of single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses, some of which are responsible for acute human disease, including parainfluenza virus, measles virus, Nipah virus and Hendra virus. In recent years, a large number of novel paramyxoviruses, particularly members of the genus Jeilongvirus, have been discovered in wild mammals, suggesting that the diversity of paramyxoviruses may be underestimated. Here we used hemi-nested reverse transcription PCR to obtain 190 paramyxovirus sequences from 969 small mammals in Hubei Province, Central China. These newly identified paramyxoviruses were classified into four clades: genera Jeilongvirus, Morbillivirus, Henipavirus and Narmovirus, with most of them belonging to the genus Jeilongvirus. Using Illumina sequencing and Sanger sequencing, we successfully recovered six near-full-length genomes with different genomic organizations, revealing the more complex genome content of paramyxoviruses. Co-divergence analysis of jeilongviruses and their known hosts indicates that host-switching occurred more frequently in the evolutionary histories of the genus Jeilongvirus. Together, our findings demonstrate the high prevalence of paramyxoviruses in small mammals, especially jeilongviruses, and highlight the diversity of paramyxoviruses and their genome content, as well as the evolution of jeilongviruses.


Assuntos
Infecções por Paramyxoviridae , Paramyxovirinae , Paramyxovirinae/genética , Infecções por Paramyxoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Paramyxoviridae/veterinária , Mamíferos , China , Filogenia , Genoma Viral , Especificidade de Hospedeiro
7.
J Gerontol Nurs ; 50(5): 19-26, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691121

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The current randomized controlled trial aimed to bolster the physical fitness of prefrail older adults, potentially delaying their need for admission to care facilities and enhancing their overall well-being. METHOD: The experimental group received a physical fitness intervention comprising resistance band use and tai chi three times per week for 12 weeks, whereas the control group received frailty-related health education. Thirty-four male participants completed the study. RESULTS: A total of seven items had statistically significant differences at 12- and 16-week posttest, respectively: frailty index (p = 0.03; p = 0.03); Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (p < 0.001; p < 0.001); and physical fitness, back (p < 0.001; p < 0.001); physical fitness, arm curl (p = 0.02; p < 0.001); physical activity (p < 0.001; p = 0.009); quality of life, physiological (p = 0.04; p < 0.001); and heart rate variability (p < 0.001; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Results revealed substantial improvements in physical fitness, frailty conditions, self-care abilities, and quality of life, but not balance or lower limb flexibility, for the experimental group. Therefore, exercise interventions may effectively improve prefrail older adults' quality of life. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 50(5), 19-26.].


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca , Aptidão Física , Qualidade de Vida , Tai Chi Chuan , Humanos , Tai Chi Chuan/métodos , Masculino , Idoso , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Treinamento Resistido/métodos , Idoso Fragilizado , Atividades Cotidianas , Feminino
8.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1391835, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746671

RESUMO

Background: Lung segmentectomy has gained much more attention as an important surgical method for treating early-stage lung cancer. However, incomplete fissures increase the difficulty of lung segmentectomy. The aim of this study was to analyze the safety and efficacy of the fissure-first approach in precision resection of lung segments for patients with incomplete fissures. Methods: The clinical data of patients with incomplete fissures who underwent lung segmentectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Date was divided into fissure-first approach in lung segmentectomy group (group A) and fissure-last approach in lung segmentectomy group (group B). The general linear data, operation times, intraoperative adverse events, postoperative recovery dates and complications were compared. Results: A total of 122 patients with complete clinical data were included. Patients in group B had more COPD (p < 0.05), and the lesions in group A were more closely related to the hilum of the lung (p < 0.05). Compared to Group B, Group A achieved better surgical outcomes, such as operation time, postoperative hospital stays, intraoperative bleeding, number of intrapulmonary lymph nodes sampled, counts of resected subsegments (except the upper lobe of the right lung), and rate of conversion to thoracotomy (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: The fissure-first approach is a safe and effective surgical approach in lung segmentectomy for patients with incomplete fissures. This approach can reduce the counts of resected subsegments and improve techniques in lung segmentectomy for patients with lung incomplete fissures.

9.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101442, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746782

RESUMO

This study investigated the impact of different temperatures and durations on the structural and emulsifying properties of copra meal protein. Additionally, the stability of copra meal protein Pickering emulsions was assessed through rheological and interfacial characteristics. Findings revealed a positive correlation between emulsification properties and heating temperature and duration. Thermal aggregates, facilitated by hydrogen bonds, hydrophobic interactions, and disulfide bonds, significantly enhanced surface hydrophobicity. Heat-treated copra meal protein-based Pickering emulsions demonstrate enhanced adsorption at the oil-water interface and resistance to diffusion. The three-phase contact angle increases from 57.7° to 79.8° following heating at 95 °C for 30 min. The addition of NaCl and heating treatment did not affect emulsion particle size or interface adsorption ability. But it improved the rheological properties to varying degrees. These results offer valuable insights for optimizing the physicochemical and functional attributes of copra meal protein in the food industry.

10.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 20(1): 2350093, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744302

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) long-term survivor is a rapid enlarging group. However, the effectiveness of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) on this group is unknown. This nationwide population-based study in Taiwan was designed to examine the effect of PPSV23 on incidence rate ratio (IRR) of pneumonia hospitalization, cumulative incidence, and overall survival rate for these long-term CRC survivors. This cohort study was based on the Taiwan Cancer Registry and Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000-2017. After individual exact matching to covariates with 1:1 ratio, there were a total of 1,355 vaccinated and 1,355 unvaccinated survivors. After adjusted by multivariate Poisson regression model, vaccinated group had a non-significantly lower pneumonia hospitalization risk than unvaccinated, with an adjusted IRR of 0.879 (p = .391). Besides, vaccinated group had both lower cumulative incidence rate and higher overall survival time than unvaccinated.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias Colorretais , Vacinas Pneumocócicas , Humanos , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/imunologia , Feminino , Masculino , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Idoso , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Incidência , Estudos de Coortes , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Eficácia de Vacinas , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vacinação , Sistema de Registros
11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 382, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724900

RESUMO

The highly unique zigzag-shaped stem phenotype in tea plants boasts significant ornamental value and is exceptionally rare. To investigate the genetic mechanism behind this trait, we developed BC1 artificial hybrid populations. Our genetic analysis revealed the zigzag-shaped trait as a qualitative trait. Utilizing whole-genome resequencing, we constructed a high-density genetic map from the BC1 population, incorporating 5,250 SNP markers across 15 linkage groups, covering 3,328.51 cM with an average marker interval distance of 0.68 cM. A quantitative trait locus (QTL) for the zigzag-shaped trait was identified on chromosome 4, within a 61.2 to 97.2 Mb range, accounting for a phenotypic variation explained (PVE) value of 13.62%. Within this QTL, six candidate genes were pinpointed. To better understand their roles, we analyzed gene expression in various tissues and individuals with erect and zigzag-shaped stems. The results implicated CsXTH (CSS0035625) and CsCIPK14 (CSS0044366) as potential key contributors to the zigzag-shaped stem formation. These discoveries lay a robust foundation for future functional genetic mapping and tea plant genetic enhancement.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Caules de Planta , Camellia sinensis/genética , Camellia sinensis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Caules de Planta/genética , Caules de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Genes de Plantas , Locos de Características Quantitativas
12.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 249: 10104, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708425

RESUMO

Seawater-drowning-induced acute lung injury (SD-ALI) is a life-threatening disorder characterized by increased alveolar-capillary permeability, an excessive inflammatory response, and refractory hypoxemia. Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are biocompatible compounds that are chemically and biologically inert and lack toxicity as oxygen carriers, which could reduce lung injury in vitro and in vivo. The aim of our study was to explore whether the vaporization of PFCs could reduce the severity of SD-ALI in canines and investigate the underlying mechanisms. Eighteen beagle dogs were randomly divided into three groups: the seawater drowning (SW), perfluorocarbon (PFC), and control groups. The dogs in the SW group were intratracheally administered seawater to establish the animal model. The dogs in the PFC group were treated with vaporized PFCs. Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) was performed at 3 h. The blood gas, volume air index (VAI), pathological changes, and wet-to-dry (W/D) lung tissue ratios were assessed. The expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF1), and NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing-3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes was determined by means of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunological histological chemistry. The SW group showed higher lung injury scores and W/D ratios, and lower VAI compared to the control group, and treatment with PFCs could reverse the change of lung injury score, W/D ratio and VAI. PFCs deactivated NLRP3 inflammasomes and reduced the release of caspase-1, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and interleukin-18 (IL-18) by enhancing the expression of HO-1 and NRF1. Our results suggest that the vaporization of PFCs could attenuate SD-ALI by deactivating NLRP3 inflammasomes via the HO-1/NRF1 pathway.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Fluorocarbonos , Inflamassomos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Animais , Fluorocarbonos/farmacologia , Cães , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Água do Mar , Masculino , Afogamento/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Small ; : e2400997, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712477

RESUMO

Dielectric capacitors are widely used in advanced electrical and electronic systems due to the rapid charge/discharge rates and high power density. High comprehensive energy storage properties are the ultimate ambition in the field of application achievements. Here, the high-entropy strategy is proposed to design and fabricate single-phase homogeneous (Bi0.5Ba0.1Sr0.1Ca0.2Na0.1)(Fe0.5Ti0.3Zr0.1Nb0.1)O3 ceramic, the hierarchical heterostructure including rhombohedral-tetragonal multiphase nanoclusters and locally disordered oxygen octahedral tilt can lead to the increased dielectric relaxation, diffused phase transition, diverse local polarization configurations, grain refinement, ultrasmall polar nanoregions, large random field, delayed polarization saturation and improved breakdown field. Accordingly, a giant Wrec ≈13.3 J cm-3 and a high η ≈78% at 66.4 kV mm-1 can be simultaneously achieved in the lead-free high-entropy BiFeO3-based ceramic, showing an obvious advantage in overall energy-storage properties over BiFeO3-based lead-free ceramics. Moreover, an ultrafast discharge rate (t0.9 = 18 ns) can be achieved at room temperature, concomitant with favorable temperature stability in the range of 20-160 °C, due to the enhanced diffuse phase transition and fast polarization response. This work provides a feasible pathway to design and generate dielectric materials exhibiting high comprehensive energy-storage performance.

14.
J Mol Endocrinol ; 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722222

RESUMO

In this study, we investigate the effects of microRNA-138-5p and GPR124-regulated inflammasome and downstream LIF-STAT and adhesion molecules signaling in human decidual stromal cells. After informed consent was obtained from women aged 25-38 years undergoing surgical termination of the normal pregnancy and spontaneous miscarriage after 6-9 weeks of gestation, human decidual stromal cells were separated from the decidual tissue. Extracellular vesicles with microRNA (miRNA) between cells have been regarded as critical factors for embryo-maternal interactions on embryo implantation and programming of human pregnancy. MicroRNA-138-5p acts as the transcriptional regulator of GPR124 and the mediator of downstream inflammasome. LIF-regulated STAT activation and expression of integrins might influence embryo implantation. Hence, a better understanding of LIF-STAT and adhesion molecules signaling would elucidate the mechanism of microRNA-138-5p- and GPR124-regulated inflammasome activation on embryo implantation and pregnancy. Our results show the purified extracellular vesicles from decidual stromal cells, the microRNA-138-5p-inhibited GPR124 and inflammasome expression, and microRNA-138-5p activated the expression of LIF-STAT and adhesion molecules in human decidual stromal cells. Additionally, the knockdown of GPR124 and NLRP3 through siRNA increases the expression of LIF-STAT and adhesion molecules. Our findings reveal a better understanding the role of extracellular vesicles, microRNA-138-5p, GPR124, inflammasome, and LIF-STAT and adhesion molecules in embryo implantation and programming of human pregnancy.

15.
Planta ; 259(6): 147, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714547

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: CsNAC086 was found to promote the expression of CsFLS, thus promoting the accumulation of flavonols in Camellia sinensis. Flavonols, the main flavonoids in tea plants, play an important role in the taste and quality of tea. In this study, a NAC TF gene CsNAC086 was isolated from tea plants and confirmed its regulatory role in the expression of flavonol synthase which is a key gene involved in the biosynthesis of flavonols in tea plant. Yeast transcription-activity assays showed that CsNAC086 has self-activation activity. The transcriptional activator domain of CsNAC086 is located in the non-conserved C-terminal region (positions 171-550), while the conserved NAC domain (positions 1-170) does not have self-activation activity. Silencing the CsNAC086 gene using antisense oligonucleotides significantly decreased the expression of CsFLS. As a result, the concentration of flavonols decreased significantly. In overexpressing CsNAC086 tobacco leaves, the expression of NtFLS was significantly increased. Compared with wild-type tobacco, the flavonols concentration increased. Yeast one-hybrid assays showed CsNAC086 did not directly regulate the gene expression of CsFLS. These findings indicate that CsNAC086 plays a role in regulating flavonols biosynthesis in tea plants, which has important implications for selecting and breeding of high-flavonols-concentration containing tea-plant cultivars.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Flavonóis , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Nicotiana , Proteínas de Plantas , Camellia sinensis/genética , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Flavonóis/biossíntese , Flavonóis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Nicotiana/genética , Nicotiana/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/genética , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702923

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of uterine ruptures, clinical characteristics, and maternal and neonatal outcomes in a tertiary referral center. METHODS: Information on complete uterine rupture between July 2010 and June 2022 was investigated retrospectively at a tertiary center. RESULTS: There were 42 cases of complete uterine rupture in 144 474 deliveries, with an incidence rate of 0.029%. Twenty-seven cases had a scarred uterus and 15 had an unscarred uterus; Rupture of the lower uterine segment was predominant in the scarred uterus, whereas rupture of the body of the uterus was predominant in the non-scarred uterus (P ≤ 0.001). Newborns with Apgar score of 7 or less at 1 min in the non-scarred uterus group was more than that in the scarred uterus group (P = 0.001). There were no significant differences in the history of gynecologic surgery, induction of labor, mode of delivery, clinical features, maternal outcomes, neonatal weight, preterm birth rate, 5-min Apgar score, or neonatal mortality between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The clinical manifestations of uterine rupture are mainly abdominal pain, abnormal fetal heartbeat, or vaginal bleeding. Attention should also be paid to the history of previous uterine surgery. Strict prenatal management, early identification, and aggressive management can help improve maternal and child outcomes. Hysterectomy is not imperative.

18.
Neuron ; 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697111

RESUMO

Mutations in human nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) factors are enriched in neurodevelopmental disorders. We show that deletion of key NMD factor Upf2 in mouse embryonic neural progenitor cells causes perinatal microcephaly but deletion in immature neurons does not, indicating NMD's critical roles in progenitors. Upf2 knockout (KO) prolongs the cell cycle of radial glia progenitor cells, promotes their transition into intermediate progenitors, and leads to reduced upper-layer neurons. CRISPRi screening identified Trp53 knockdown rescuing Upf2KO progenitors without globally reversing NMD inhibition, implying marginal contributions of most NMD targets to the cell cycle defect. Integrated functional genomics shows that NMD degrades selective TRP53 downstream targets, including Cdkn1a, which, without NMD suppression, slow the cell cycle. Trp53KO restores the progenitor cell pool and rescues the microcephaly of Upf2KO mice. Therefore, one physiological role of NMD in the developing brain is to degrade selective TRP53 targets to control progenitor cell cycle and brain size.

19.
Behav Brain Res ; 469: 115006, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692357

RESUMO

The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signalling pathway represents a crucial intrinsic protective system against oxidative stress and inflammation and plays a significant role in various neurological disorders. However, the effect of Nrf2 signalling on the regulation of cognitive impairment remains unknown. Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has neuroprotective effects and can ameliorate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cognitive dysfunction. Our objective was to observe whether Nrf2 knockout influences the efficacy of DEX in improving cognitive impairment and to attempt to understand its underlying mechanisms. An LPS-induced cognitive dysfunction model in wild-type and Nrf2 knockout mice (Institute of Cancer Research background; male; 8-12 weeks) was used to observe the impact of DEX on cognitive dysfunction. LPS was intraperitoneally injected, followed by novel object recognition and morris water maze experiments 24 h later. Hippocampal tissues were collected for histopathological and molecular analyses. Our research findings suggest that DEX enhances the expression of NQO1, HO-1, PSD95, and SYP proteins in hippocampal tissue, inhibits microglial proliferation, reduces pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and TNF-ɑ, increases anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, and improves dendritic spine density, thereby alleviating cognitive dysfunction induced by LPS. However, the knockout of the Nrf2 gene negated the aforementioned effects of DEX. In conclusion, DEX alleviates cognitive deficits induced by LPS through mechanisms of anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammation, as well as by increasing synaptic protein expression and dendritic spine density. However, the knockout of the Nrf2 gene reversed the effects of DEX. The Nrf2 signaling pathway plays a crucial role in the mitigation of LPS-induced cognitive impairment by DEX.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(18): e38086, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dementia is a major public health challenge for aging societies worldwide. Neuroinflammation is thought to be a key factor in dementia development. The aim of this study was to comprehensively assess translocator protein (TSPO) expression by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging to reveal the characteristics of neuroinflammation in dementia. METHODS: We used a meta-analysis to retrieve literature on TSPO expression in dementia using PET imaging technology, including but not limited to the quality of the study design, sample size, and the type of TSPO ligand used in the study. For the included studies, we extracted key data, including TSPO expression levels, clinical characteristics of the study participants, and specific information on brain regions. Meta-analysis was performed using R software to assess the relationship between TSPO expression and dementia. RESULTS: After screening, 12 studies that met the criteria were included. The results of the meta-analysis showed that the expression level of TSPO was significantly elevated in patients with dementia, especially in the hippocampal region. The OR in the hippocampus was 1.50 with a 95% CI of 1.09 to 1.25, indicating a significant increase in the expression of TSPO in this region compared to controls. Elevated levels of inflammation in the prefrontal lobe and cingulate gyrus are associated with cognitive impairment in patients. This was despite an OR of 1.00 in the anterior cingulate gyrus, indicating that TSPO expression in this region did not correlate significantly with the findings. The overall heterogeneity test showed I² = 51%, indicating moderate heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: This study summarizes the existing literature on TSPO expression in specific regions of the brain in patients with dementia, and also provides some preliminary evidence on the possible association between neuroinflammation and dementia. However, the heterogeneity of results and limitations of the study suggest that we need to interpret these findings with caution. Future studies need to adopt a more rigorous and consistent methodological design to more accurately assess the role of neuroinflammation in dementia, thereby providing a more reliable evidence base for understanding pathological mechanisms and developing potential therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Demência , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Receptores de GABA , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Demência/diagnóstico por imagem , Demência/metabolismo , Receptores de GABA/metabolismo , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias/metabolismo , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo
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