Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.348
Filtrar
1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110188, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753331

RESUMO

The traditional electrospinning process produces dense two-dimensional (2D) nanofiber (NF) sheets that limit cell infiltration and proliferation. Our previous study demonstrated that 3D NF sheets could be formed on an NF collector surface mounted with multiple movable needles through the corona discharge. In this study, we developed a programmed electrospun 3D NF collector. It can precisely control the moving speed of NF collector during electrospinning; thereby fabricating 3D NFs with desired microstructures (pore size, pore volume, and interconnectivity). Four types of polycaprolactone (PCL) 3D NF matrices with different microstructures can be obtained concurrently on the NF collector surface, which are set by different forward moving speed of the NF collector device: NF-zero (no move, as control), NF-low (0.085 mm/min), NF-mid (0.158 mm/min) and NF-high (0.232 mm/min). A linear increase of the NF sheet thickness (from 0.21 mm to 0.91 mm) was recorded with accelerating collector movement. Quantitative analysis using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), micro-computed tomography (µ-CT), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) showed a monotonic increase of pore size and porosity with the increase of collector moving speeds. The collector movement also impacted the crystallinity and mechanical properties of the NFs. When prepared at high collector speed, the NFs showed improved proliferation and differentiation (p < .05) of pre-osteoblastic MC3T3 cells compared to the NFs from the static collector. A programmed NF collector device allows for the reproducible, precise and continuous fabrication of 3D NFs with tailorable geometry and microstructures. This simple, controllable, one-step process could promote the clinical translation of electrospun NFs in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

2.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 86: 103939, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525556

RESUMO

AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors associated with resilience among probable sarcopenia older adults with cardiovascular disease. INTRODUCTION: Resilience has been reported to be positively correlated with the mental health and physical functioning of older adults. Previous research has found that the development of resilience constitutes a form of compensation for loss of physical health. It is important for older adults, especially those with other underlying conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and sarcopenia, to have the ability to overcome adversity during the aging process. Thus, resilience becomes a critical characteristic in achieving a better life. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. A demographic questionnaire and the Chinese version of the Resilience Scale (CRS) were used to collect data. Multiple logistic regression was used to evaluate the predictors of low resilience. RESULTS: A total of 267 participants were recruited, including 126 females and 141 males. Of the participants, 56% of their scores indicated low resilience. Income, education level, exercise time, primary caregiver, and having hypertension were the predictors of resilience. CONCLUSION: The population with sarcopenia is increasing worldwide. Understanding resilience levels among older adults with probable sarcopenia is essential for promoting their mental health. Clinicians can use the results of this study to identify populations at high risk for low resilience and design specific interventions to promote better health outcomes.

3.
Biomaterials ; 227: 119555, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655445

RESUMO

The periosteum plays a vital role in both development and injury healing process of bone. However, few researches have focused on artificial periosteum, which was also limited by the complexity on its construction and biological risks for clinical practice. In order to tackle this issue, inspired by the structural development of periosteum, we put forward a hierarchical micro/nanofibrous bionic periosteum with sustained releasing of VEGF as exogenous vascularized fibrous layer of periosteum to induce endogenous cambium layer in vivo for complete regeneration of periosteal and bone tissue, through collagen self-assembly and micro-sol electrospinning technologies. The VEGF encapsulated in hyaluronan-PLLA core-shell structure was demonstrated to be released in a durable way for angiogenesis in fibrous layer and bone defect area. Meanwhile, the self-assembly of collagen together with electrospun fibers contributed to a hierarchical micro/nanostructure which greatly mimicked the microenvironment of extracellular matrix to provide structural and biochemical cues for cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation, and lead to the formation of cambium layer which mimicked the in-situ ossification manner as intramembranous ossification. As the motif of this study, the periosteal regeneration was characterized both by osteoblasts and periostin, which represented structural and molecular mechanisms respectively. Furthermore, the periosteal biomaterial proposed here possessed the superior abilities of scar inhibition, angiogenesis, osteogenesis to repair the bone defect in a uniform and rapid manner by inherent periosteal ossific mechanism involved in both intramembranous and endochondral ossification. Thus, the endogenous-exogenous combined bionic periosteum proved to be efficient and versatile in triggering periosteal and bone regeneration and hopefully supply a promising strategy for solving clinical issue.

4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1845-1850, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492351

RESUMO

In this paper, we present a fast and green method to prepare Li0.44MnO2 nanorods by Li/Na ion exchange of Na0.44MnO2 templates. XRD and SEM confirm that the products still maintain the crystal and geometric structure of Na0.44MnO2 temples. Electrochemical tests show the capacity of Li0.44MnO2 nanorods is up to 218 mAh · g-1 at the current density of 0.1 A · g-1. Especially, the capacity of electrode is still located at 90 mAh · g-1 at the current density of 5.0 A· g-1 after cycling for 100 times. So Li0.44MnO2 nanorods have a potential application in the next generation of advanced batteries.

5.
Ultrasonics ; 100: 105982, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479966

RESUMO

A slender type of ultrasonic motor using longitudinal-torsional hybrid vibration is proposed and investigated in this paper. To acquire the response and mechanical capacity of the assembled and complete hybrid longitudinal-torsional ultrasonic motor, a 3D finite element model has been established by the commercial FE software ADINA. The numerical results agree with the experimental results in terms of the trend and the order of magnitude, meaning that it is easy to evaluate the mechanical characteristics of the motor before prototype manufacture. Meanwhile, the radial, circumferential and axial displacements of the contact nodes can be obtained to simulate the actual elliptical motions of the stator teeth. In addition, the practical contact mechanism between the stator and rotor can be accurately reflected by the stress nephogram of the contact surfaces. This research provides a convenient method for the structure optimization and mechanical capacity prediction of the hybrid longitudinal-torsional ultrasonic motor.

6.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 4925767, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772687

RESUMO

Background: Soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (sLOX-1) may be a potential biomarker of coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke. Objective: We aimed to investigate the association and prognostic value of elevated sLOX-1 concentrations with regard to long-term major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in patients with CAD undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 1011 patients were enrolled. Serum sLOX-1 concentrations were detected by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Patients were followed for 2 years. Multivariate Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier survival curve were explored to assess the association between sLOX-1 and MACCEs. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of sLOX-1. Results: Two-year MACCEs were associated with serum sLOX-1 concentrations (HR 1.278, 95% CI 1.019-1.604, P = 0.034), left main disease (HR 2.938, 95% CI 1.246-6.925, P = 0.014), small-caliber stents used (HR 2.207, 95% CI 1.189-4.095, P = 0.012), and total stent length (HR 1.057, 95% CI 1.005-1.112, P = 0.030). Serum sLOX-1 concentration ≥ 1.10 ng/ml had maximum sensitivity and specificity in predicting the occurrence of 2-year MACCEs (P < 0.001). Patients with higher serum sLOX-1 concentrations showed a significantly higher incidence of MACCEs in the Kaplan-Meier curve (P < 0.001). The combination of any of the risk factors identified in multiple Cox regression was associated with a stepwise increase in MACCE rate (P < 0.001). Conclusions: High baseline serum sLOX-1 concentration predicts 2-year MACCEs and shows an additional prognostic value to conventional risk factors in patients after primary PCI. sLOX-1 determination might play a complementary role in the risk stratification of patients with CAD treated with PCI.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773958

RESUMO

Metabolomics, one of the post genomics techniques, has attracted increasingly attention of researchers. Thus, we had published a paper titled "Metabolomics for a Millenniums-Old Crop: Tea Plant (Camellia sinensis)" in JAFC (doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b01356). In this paper, we drew a figure on summary of papers referring to "metabolomics" or "metabonomics" in their titles, abstracts, or keywords from 2001 to 2018 searching on https://ccc.glgoo.top/scholar. However, Jonghoon Kang et al. believed that our analysis could be improved. In this letter, therefore, we give a correspondence to the comment of Jonghoon Kang et al. on Metabolomics for a Millenniums-Old Crop: Tea Plant (Camellia sinensis).

8.
Pain Med ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the combination effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), compared with PRP alone. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: A single medical center in Taiwan. PATIENTS: Patients diagnosed with moderate CTS. INTERVENTIONS: All subjects were administered one dose of ultrasound-guided PRP injection at baseline. After two weeks, one session of rESWT was completed in the intervention group, whereas the control group received one session of sham rESWT. Evaluations were performed at baseline and one, three, and six months post-PRP injection. OUTCOME MEASURES: The Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire (BCTQ) was measured as the primary outcome. Electrophysiological study and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve were used as secondary outcomes. RESULTS: All 40 enrolled subjects (male/female: 4/36) completed the study, resulting in an analysis of 32 wrists per group (total: N = 64 wrists). Compared with the control group, the intervention group did not show statistically significantly superior outcomes, except in BCTQs at one month (mean change ± SE = -11.47 ± 1.18 vs -7.06 ± 1.26, P = 0.013) and distal motor latency at three months (mean change ± SE = -0.59 ± 0.09 vs -0.30 ± 0.09, P = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: Combined PRP and one-session rESWT was not superior to PRP alone in treating moderate CTS. Further studies with multiple sessions of ESWT and longer follow-up periods are needed to verify the clinical efficacy of ESWT.

9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(22)2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739486

RESUMO

Wear debris detection is an effective method to determine the running state of the machine. Recently, the planar inductor is commonly used to detect wear debris. The previous studies have found that the inductive signal would be varied while changing the position of wear debris pass through. However, the effect of position on the wear debris detection is not well understood. In this paper, a novel detection system in which the position of wear debris pass through could be adjusted precisely is designed. By changing the position in horizontal or vertical direction, the inductive signals of the wear debris were acquired. In the horizontal direction, the experimental results show that the amplitude of the inductive signal first increases and then decreases when the position changes from the center of the planar inductor to the outer. The maximum inductive signal appears when the wear debris pass through the edge of the inner coil, which is 20% higher than that for the center and much higher than that for the edge of outer coil. In the vertical direction, the signal decreases almost linearly when the position is away from the planar inductor. For every 0.1 mm step far away the planar inductor, the signal amplitude drops by approximately 10%. The variation trend of our experimental results is consistent with the numerical simulation results of magnetic intensity around the planar inductor.

10.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23102, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epulis has a tumor-like appearance but is considered to be a massive reactive lesion rather than a true neoplasia. Limited information about the pathogenesis of epulis is available. The purpose of our study was to identify potential signaling pathways in fibrous epulis through transcriptome profiling. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between fibrous epulis lesions and normal gingival tissues were detected using RNA sequencing (RNAseq). The expression levels of eighteen genes were validated using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: RNAseq identified 533 upregulated genes and 732 downregulated genes. The top 10 upregulated genes were IL11, OSM, MMP3, KRT75, MMP1, IL6, IL1B, IL24, SP7, and ADGRG3. The top 10 downregulated genes were BCHE, TYR, DCT, KRT222, RP11-507K12.1, COL6A5, PMP2, GFRA1, SCN7A, and CDH19. KEGG pathway analysis further indicated that the DEGs were enriched in "Pathways in cancer" and the "Ras signaling pathway". quantitative real-time PCR verified that the expression levels of SOS1, HRAS, PIK3CA, AKT3, IKBKA, IKBKB, NFKB1, BCL2, BCL2L1, XIAP, BIRC2, and BIRC3 were increased significantly. CONCLUSIONS: The current transcriptomic profiling study reveals that in fibrous epulis, RAS-PI3K-AKT-NF-κB pathway transcriptionally regulates the expression of BCL2 family and IAP family genes, leading to increased proliferation and apoptosis inhibition.

11.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713299

RESUMO

It is well-recognized that glycemic disorders are leading causes of diabetic complications and acute fluctuation of blood glucose and reported more likely being related to oxidative stress, vasculopathy, and other diabetic complications than continuous hyperglycemia in patients with diabetic and animal models. To explore the hypothesis that acute glucose fluctuation (GF) aggravates inflammatory lesions and neuron apoptosis in the hippocampus of diabetic rats. Twenty female GK rats were randomly allocated into a glucose fluctuating group (GK-GF) and a continuous hyperglycemia group (GK-CHG) and 10 age-matched female Wistar rats served as controls. GF was induced in the GK-GF group by injection with glucose and insulin at different periods of time per day for 6 weeks. Body weight was determined weekly. At the end of the study, blood hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and serum lipids were measured. Serum and hippocampus interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Hippocampus Bcl-2, Bax, Pten, fas, and myc were quantified by qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis and Mirror Water Maze (MWM) test was performed. We successfully established an animal model with daily GF and a control model with CHG using GK diabetic rats. The GF and CHG rats showed lower weight gain during the 6-week experimental period with no significant difference in the levels of serum lipids such as total triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared with the control rats at the end of the study. Meanwhile, the GF and CHG rats showed higher blood HbA1c levels than that of control rats. MWM trainings tests detected that glucose disorders in GF and CHG rats tend to present longer latencies, more cross times and longer path length compared with those of the control rats, indicating impaired the hippocampus-regulated behavioral function such as spatial orientating and memory. Importantly, it was found that GF promoted the expression of TNF-α and IL-1ß in the hippocampus of the GF rats while continuous hyperglycemia in CHG rats had little effect on that. Furthermore, both GF and CHG diabetic rats had abnormal expression of apoptosis-associated genes in the hippocampus compared with control Wistar rats and neurons apoptosis in GF rats appears to be more severe than CHG rats. Overall, this study confirmed that GF is a more critical factor that would promote the neuron apoptosis and induce inflammation in the hippocampus than continuous hyperglycemia in diabetic animals, which shed new light on the importance of monitoring and administration of blood glucose in the prevention and therapy for diabetes.

12.
Environ Int ; 133(Pt B): 105247, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677577

RESUMO

Elevated level of arsenic (As) in marine sediment via deposition and accumulation presents long-term ecological risks. This study proposed a sustainable stabilization/solidification (S/S) of As-contaminated sediment via novel valorization of red mud waste, blast furnace slag and calcined clay mineral, which were selected to mitigate the increased leaching of As under alkaline environment of S/S treatment. Quantitative X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analyses illustrated that stable Ca-As complexes (e.g., Ca5(AsO4)3OH) could be formed at the expense of Ca(OH)2 consumption, which inevitably hindered the hydration process and S/S efficiency. The 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance analysis revealed that incorporation of metakaolin for As immobilization resulted in a low degree of hydration and polymerization, whereas addition of red mud promoted Fe-As complexation and demonstrated excellent compatibility with As. Transmission electron microscopy and elemental mapping further confirmed the precipitation of crystalline Ca-As and amorphous Fe-As compounds. Therefore, red mud-incorporated S/S binder achieved the highest efficiency of As immobilization (99.9%), which proved to be applicable for both in-situ and ex-situ S/S of As-contaminated sediment. These results advance our mechanistic understanding for the design of green and sustainable remediation approach for effective As immobilization.

13.
Theranostics ; 9(24): 7156-7167, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695759

RESUMO

Purpose: Nudix Hydrolase 21 (NUDT21) is a crucial mediator involved in alternative polyadenylation (APA), and this molecule has been reported to be a tumor suppressor in human cancers. However, neither the role NUDT21 plays in bladder cancer (BC) nor the mechanisms which are involved have been investigated. Methods: Expression levels of NUDT21 in BC were evaluated with real-time PCR, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry (IHC). In vitro and in vivo assays were performed to investigate the function of NUDT21 in tumorigenesis in bladder cancer cells. The TOP/FOP flash reporter assay, western blot, and global APA site profiling analysis were used to identify the pathway which mediates the biologic roles of NUDT21 in BC. Results: NUDT21 expression is reduced in BC tissue and cells, and BC patients with lower NUDT21 expression have shorter overall and recurrent-free survival than patients with higher NUDT21 expression. NUDT21 ectopic expression or knockdown respectively profoundly inhibited or promoted the capacity of BC cells for proliferation, migration and invasion. We also identified a number of genes with shortened 3'UTRs through modulation of NUDT21 expression, and further characterized the NUDT21-regulated genes ANXA2 and LIMK2. We found NUDT21 modulates the expression of ANXA2 and LIMK2 in the Wnt/ß-catenin and NF-κB signaling pathways. Conclusions: These findings show NUDT21 plays a crucial role in BC progression, at least in part through ANXA2 and LIMK2 which act by alternative polyadenylation. NUDT21 may thus have potential as a diagnostic and therapeutic target in treatment of BC.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121524, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699479

RESUMO

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb) shows remarkable tolerance to lead (Pb), but the mechanisms involved in metal tolerance are not yet well understood. Here, tall fescue were firstly cultivated hydroponically with Pb2+ (0, 50, 200 and 1000 mg/L) for 14 days. The results showed that remodeling of root architecture plays important roles in tolerance of tall fescue to Pb2+ stress. Increased cell wall (CW) components contribute to restrict high amount of Pb2+ in roots. Additionally, the uronic acid contents of pectin, hemicellulose 1 (HC1) and hemicellulose 2 (HC2) increased under Pb2+ stress. We further observed that tall fescue cultivated with H2O2 showed similar remodeling of root architecture as Pb2+ treatment. Furthermore, pectin, HC1 and HC2 fractions were sequentially extracted from 0 and 10 mM H2O2 treated roots, and Pb2+ adsorption capacity and contents of carboxyl groups of pectin and HC2 fractions were steadily increased under H2O2 treatment in vitro. Our results suggest that degrees of esterification of pectin and HC2 are regulated by H2O2. High amount of low-esterified pectin and HC2 offer more carboxyl groups, provide more Pb2+ binding sites, and restrict more Pb2+ in the CW, which may enhance tolerance of tall fescue to Pb2+ stress.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697226

RESUMO

A novel Vogesella strain, YM-1T, was recovered from human urine in PR China in 2017. Cells of strain YM-1T were Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, motile, non-spore-forming and poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating. The strain contained C16:1ω6c/C 16:1ω7c, C16:0 and C18:0ω7c as major fatty acids; phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified phospholipid as major polar lipids; and ubiquinone-8 as the predominant respiratory quinone. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that this strain had highest similarities to Vogesella perlucida DS-28T (98.8 %) and Vogesella mureinivorans 389T (98.1 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the novel strain was clustered and well separated with V. perlucida DS-28T and V. mureinivorans 389T within the genus Vogesella. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and amino acid identity (AAI) analyses showed that this strain was not identified as V. perlucida DS-28T or V. mureinivorans 389T, with values well below the threshold limit for species demarcation (ANI <88.1 %, AAI <88.6 %). Based on the above results, strain YM-1T is proposed to be a novel species of the genus Vogesella with the name Vogesella urethralis sp. nov. (YM-1T=NBRC 113779=CGMCC 1.17135).

16.
Int Wound J ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724831

RESUMO

Bacterial infection is a common wound complication that can significantly delay healing. Classical local therapies for infected wounds are expensive and are frequently ineffective. One alternative therapy is photodynamic therapy (PDT). We conducted a systematic review to clarify whether PDT is useful for bacteria-infected wounds in animal models. PubMed and Medline were searched for articles on PDT in infected skin wounds in animals. The language was limited to English. Nineteen articles met the inclusion criteria. The overall study methodological quality was moderate, with a low-moderate risk of bias. The animal models were mice and rats. The wounds were excisional, burn, and abrasion wounds. Wound size ranged from 6 mm in diameter to 1.5 × 1.5 cm2 . Most studies inoculated the wounds with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Eleven and 17 studies showed that the PDT of infected wounds significantly decreased wound size and bacterial counts, respectively. Six, four, and two studies examined the effect of PDT on infected wound-cytokine levels, wound-healing time, and body weight, respectively. Most indicated that PDT had beneficial effects on these variables. PDT accelerated bacteria-infected wound healing in animals by promoting wound closure and killing bacteria.

17.
Toxicol Lett ; 319: 49-57, 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693926

RESUMO

Blast lung injury is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Vaporized perfluorocarbon (PFC) inhalation has been reported to attenuate acute respiratory distress syndrome in humans and animal models. However, the effect of vaporized PFC on blast lung injury is still unknown. In this study, we investigated the protective effects and potential underlying mechanisms of action of vaporized PFC on blast lung injury in a canine model. This was a prospective, controlled, animal study in adult male hybrid dogs randomized to sham, blast (B), blast plus mechanical ventilation (B + M), and blast plus PFC (B + P) groups. All groups except for the sham were exposed to blast wave. The B + P group was treated with vaporized PFC for 1.5 h followed by 5.5 h mechanical ventilation. B + M group received 7.5 h mechanical ventilation and B group was observed for 7.5 h. Blast lung injury was induced using a shock tube. Blood gas, inflammatory cytokines, and oxidative stress were measured. Expression of nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor, erythroid 2 like 2 (Nrf2) were measured using western blot. Lung injury observed after blast exposure was marked by increased histopathological scores, ratio of lung wet to dry weight. PFC treatment attenuated blast lung injury as indicated by histopathological scores and ratio of lung wet to dry weight. PFC treatment downregulated interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and malondialdehyde (MDA), and upregulated superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. PFC also suppressed expression of MAPK/NF-κB and Nrf2 protein levels. Our results suggest that PFC attenuated blast-induced acute lung injury by inhibiting MAPK/NF-κB activation and inducing Nrf2 expression in dogs.

18.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 8472-8481, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Cardiac dysfunction during endotoxemia is a major cause of cardiovascular disease with high morbidity and mortality. Alisol B 23-acetate (AB23A) is a triterpenoid extracted from the Rhizoma Alismatis, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine, exhibits anti-inflammatory activity on endotoxemia. This investigation aimed to uncover the protective effects of AB23A against sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS Adult male C57BL/6 mice received lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (20 mg/kg intravenous) stimulation, with or without pre-treatment of AB23A (10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg, or 40 mg/kg). Histopathological staining and cardiac function were performed 4 hours after LPS stimulation. Then the levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha were monitored with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In addition, H9C2 cells were treated with LPS (5 µg/mL) with or without pre-treated with AB23A (0.1 µM, 1 µM, or 10 µM), and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was detected by DCFH-DA combined with flow cytometry. The expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2), NOX4, P38, p-P38, extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and p-ERK were assessed by western blotting. RESULTS AB23A improved the survival rate and ameliorated myocardial injury, decreased inflammatory infiltration and the level of IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-alpha in the LPS-stimulated mouse model. Moreover, AB23A inhibited the ROS production in LPS-treated H9C2 cells. In addition, AB23A suppressed the levels of TLR4 and NOX2 as well as the activation levels of P38 and ERK both in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS AB23A reduced LPS-induced myocardial dysfunction by inhibiting inflammation and ROS production through the TLR4/NOX2 pathway.

19.
J Control Release ; 316: 302-316, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715278

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease accompanies with synovial inflammation and progressive bone destruction. Currently, anti-rheumatic drugs need high dose and frequent use for a long-term, which lead to serious side effect and low patient compliance. To overcome above problems and improve clinical efficacy, nano-technology with targeting ability, sustained release and so forth, has been proposed on RA treatment and already achieved success in RA animal models. In this review, authors summarize and illustrate representative nanomedicine targeting to RA states, which is achieved either through passive or active targeting with high affinity to the receptors that are over-expressed in macrophages or angiogenesis. In particular, authors highlight the new strategies to promote the efficacy of nanoscale treatments through phototherapy and the addition of contrast elements for theranostic application. The described advances may pave the way to better understanding and designing the novel nanomedicine and multifunctional nano-system on efficient RA treatment.

20.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(11): 1211-3, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724359

RESUMO

Professor CHU Hao-ran successively followed famous doctors of acupuncture and spleen-stomach disease, such as ZHOU Mei-sheng, inherited their academic thoughts and clinical experience, and studied the classics to summarize and propose the clinical academic proposition regulating spleen-stomach, differentiating meridians-collaterals. In clinical practice, professor CHU focuses on individual differences of patients, carefully examines syndrome and refines acupoint selection; he pays attention to regulating spleen-stomach, and actively uses Zusanli (ST 36); he simultaneously uses acupuncture-moxibustion and acupoints with efficacy; he inherits traditional reinforcing and reducing methods, and extends the scope of acupoint diagnosis and treatment, while he emphasizes keeping spirit and treating spirit, and the combination of mind and qi, in order to improve clinical diagnosis and treatment effect.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Masculino , Baço , Estômago
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA