Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.076
Filtrar
1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(2): 416-421, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900439

RESUMO

Radiation therapy is considered the most effective non-surgical treatment for brain tumors. However, there are no available treatments for radiation-induced brain injury. Bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) is a demethoxy derivative of curcumin that has anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant properties. To determine whether BDMC has the potential to treat radiation-induced brain injury, in this study, we established a rat model of radiation-induced brain injury by administering a single 30-Gy vertical dose of irradiation to the whole brain, followed by intraperitoneal injection of 500 µL of a 100 mg/kg BDMC solution every day for 5 successive weeks. Our results showed that BDMC increased the body weight of rats with radiation-induced brain injury, improved learning and memory, attenuated brain edema, inhibited astrocyte activation, and reduced oxidative stress. These findings suggest that BDMC protects against radiation-induced brain injury.

2.
Food Chem ; 399: 133959, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36001928

RESUMO

Advances in understanding the biological effects of dietary flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods have been reported. Improving knowledge about their beneficial effects, and mechanisms of action, is crucial for better utilization. However, mechanisms responsible for their health benefits are still unclear. Previous research considered has suggested that gut microbiota might be linked to the metabolism of dietary flavonoids. To understand the bioactivities of dietary flavonoids/flavonoid-rich foods better, and the role of microbiota, we explored systematically 1) types of dietary flavonoids and associated health benefits, 2) low bioaccessibilities and metabolic characteristics, 3) gut microbiota role in regulation, and 4) crosstalk between regulation mechanisms. Current challenges and future perspectives were also considered, offering new research directions and identifying trends in the development of flavonoid-rich food products.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Promoção da Saúde , Polifenóis/farmacologia
3.
Front Nutr ; 9: 1012901, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185645

RESUMO

The bactericidal effect of dielectric barrier discharge-atmospheric cold plasma (DBD-ACP, 20, and 30 kV) against Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris on the saline solution and apple juice was investigated. Results show that DBD-ACP is effective for the inactivation of A. acidoterrestris by causing significant changes in cell membrane permeability and bacterial morphology. The effect of culture temperatures on the resistance of A. acidoterrestris to DBD-ACP was also studied. A. acidoterrestris cells grown at 25°C had the lowest resistance but it was gradually increased as the culture temperature was increased (25-45°C) (p < 0.05). Moreover, results from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) analysis showed that the increase in the culture temperature can gradually cause the decreased level of cyclohexaneundecanoic acid in the cell membrane of A. acidoterrestris (p < 0.05). In contrast, cyclopentaneundecanoic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid showed an increasing trend in which the fluidity of the bacterial cell membrane decreased. This study shows a specific correlation between the resistance of A. acidoterrestris and the fatty acid composition of the cell membrane to DBD-ACP.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 981048, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36188548

RESUMO

Higenamine (HG) is a chemical compound found in various plants, such as aconite. Recent pharmacological studies have demonstrated its effectiveness in the management of many diseases. Several mechanisms of action of HG have been proposed; however, they have not yet been classified. This review summarises the signalling pathways and pharmacological targets of HG, focusing on its potential as a naturally extracted drug. Articles related to the pharmacological effects, signalling pathways and pharmacological targets of HG were selected by searching the keyword "Higenamine" in the PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases without limiting the search by publication years. HG possesses anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, electrophysiology regulatory, anti-fibrotic and lipid-lowering activities. It is a structural analogue of catecholamines and possesses characteristics similar to those of adrenergic receptor ligands. It can modulate multiple targets, including anti-inflammation- and anti-apoptosis-related targets and some transcription factors, which directly or indirectly influence the disease course. Other naturally occurring compounds, such as cucurbitacin B (Cu B) and 6-gingerol (6-GR), can be combined with HG to enhance its anti-apoptotic activity. Although significant research progress has been made, follow-up pharmacological studies are required to determine the exact mechanism of action, new signalling pathways and targets of HG and the effects of using it in combination with other drugs.

5.
Chemosphere ; : 136677, 2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191762

RESUMO

Benzotriazole (BT) and 5-methyl-1H-benzotriazole (5-MeBT) are the most commonly used UV stabilizers and recalcitrant contaminants that are widely distributed in aquatic environments. The novelty of this study was to investigate the role of RCSs in the enhanced degradation of BT and 5-MeBT during the sunlight/free chlorine process. The results showed that sunlight/free chlorine could enhance the degradation of BT and 5-MeBT compared with that obtained with sunlight irradiation and chlorination alone, and this process was well described by pseudo-first-order kinetics. The degradation rate constants of BT and 5-MeBT during sunlight/free chlorine treatment at pH 7 were 0.094 ±â€¯0.001 min-1 and 0.134 ±â€¯0.002 min-1, respectively. The degradation rates further increased with increases in the chlorine dosage and under alkaline conditions (3.818 ±â€¯0.243 min-1 for BT and 7.754 ±â€¯0.716 min-1 for 5-MeBT at pH 9). The enhanced removal obtained during the sunlight/free chlorine process could be attributed to the generation of HO• and reactive chlorine species (RCSs), such as Cl• and ClO•. Under alkaline conditions, RCSs were the dominant reactive species, and their contribution increased from 21.2% to 98.7% with increases in the pH from 7 to 9; this phenomenon was due to changes in free chlorine and BT speciation. Radical scavenging tests further verified that BT was mainly decomposed by ClO•, and ClO• showed high reactivity toward deprotonated BT through second-order rate constant estimation. A byproduct analysis demonstrated that BT underwent hydroxylation and chlorine substitution, and a high yield of 1-chlorobenzotriazole (1-ClBT) formation was observed. Even though the sunlight/free chlorine process resulted in a low level of mineralization, no Microtox® toxicity was detected in the treated solutions. Briefly, the significant contribution of ClO• to BT removal under alkaline conditions implies that sunlight/free chlorine could be utilized in a broader range of treatment conditions.

6.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 16: 3297-3314, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36193286

RESUMO

Objective: The mechanism of Wendan Decoction (WDD) against Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) was predicted by network pharmacology and validated by in vivo and in vitro experiments. Methods: The targets of WDD for the treatment of GAD were obtained by a search of online databases. Further, PPI network and KEGG enrichment were used to identify the key targets and pathways. Ultimately, these key targets and pathways were validated by in vivo experiments on GAD mice modeled by repeated restraint stress (RRS) and in vitro experiments on inflammatory factor stimulated BV-2 cells. Results: Through searching the databases, the 137 ingredients of WDD that correspond to 938 targets and 4794 targets related to GAD were identified. Among them, 569 overlapping targets were considered as the therapeutic targets of WDD for GAD. PPI analysis showed that the inflammation-related proteins IL-6, TNF, SRC and AKT1 were the key targets, and KEGG enrichment suggested that PI3K/AKT and MAPK signaling pathways were key pathways of WDD in the treatment of GAD. In vivo experiments, RRS mice exhibited abnormality in behavioristics in open field test (OFT) and elevated plus maze (EPM) and increases in serum corticosterone and the percentage of lymphocytes positive for IL-6 in peripheral blood. These abnormal changes can be reversed by WDD and the positive control drug paroxetine. In vitro experiments, WDD can inhibit IL-6 induced activation of PI3K/AKT and MAPK signaling pathways in BV2 cells, and suppress the ensuing release of inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-1ß and PGE2, and showed a dose-dependent effect. Conclusion: WDD is able to resist GAD by relieving inflammatory response in peripheral and central system.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Animais , Transtornos de Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosterona , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-6 , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Paroxetina , Prostaglandinas E , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
7.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; : e9412, 2022 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195998

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Biomass is a potential feedstock to make liquid fuels and valuable chemicals. Quantitative analysis of biomass conversion in real time by photoionization mass spectrometry (PI-MS) is an important way to understand its reaction process. However, the lack of photoionization data on biomass-derived compounds limits the research by PI-MS. METHODS: The measurements of photoionization data were performed with synchrotron vacuum ultraviolet photoionization mass spectrometry. Toluene and methanol were used as calibrated references and solvents in this experiment since their photoionization cross-sections (PICS) are well documented in the literature. RESULTS: The ionization energies (IEs) of 23 biomass-derived compounds were measured. Among them, the PICSs of 14 compounds were calibrated and presented. Besides, the IEs of other 95 biomass-derived compounds and their typical fragment ions were also summarized. CONCLUSIONS: A photoionization database related to IEs and PICSs of biomass-derived compounds (m/z < 200) is established. PICSs of most biomass-derived compounds have low values at the most frequently used photoionization energy of 10.5 eV. Lignin-derived compounds have lower IEs than carbohydrate-derived compounds.

8.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(8): 5420-5440, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the serum and urine metabolites present in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and T2DM patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and to select differentially expressed biomarkers for early diagnosis of DPN. METHODS: Serum and urine metabolites from 74 T2DM patients with peripheral neuropathy and 41 without peripheral neuropathy were analyzed using gas chromatograph system with time-of-flight mass spectrometer metabolomics to detect biomarkers of peripheral neuropathy in T2DM. RESULTS: There were increased serum triglycerides, alanine aminotransferase, and decreased C-peptide, and total cholesterol levels in T2DM patients with DPN compared to those without peripheral neuropathy. Metabolomic analysis revealed visible differences in metabolic characteristics between two groups, and overall 53 serum differential metabolites and 56 urine differential metabolites were identified with variable influence on projection (VIP) >1 and P<0.05. To further analyze the correlation between the identified metabolites and DPN, four serum metabolites and six urine metabolites were selected with VIP>2, and fold change (FC) >1, including serum ß-alanine, caproic acid, ß-alanine/L-aspartic acid, and L-arabinose/L-arabitol, and urine gluconic acid, erythritol, galactonic acid, guanidoacetic acid, cytidine, and aminoadipic acid. Furthermore, five serum biomarkers and six urine biomarkers were found to show significant changes (P<0.05, VIP>1, and FC>1) respectively in patients with mild, moderate, and severe DPN. In addition, we found that glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism was a differential metabolic pathway not only between T2DM and DPN, but also among different degrees of DPN. The differential metabolites such as ß-alanine and caproic acid are expected to be biomarkers for DPN patients, and the significant changes in glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism may be related to the pathogenesis of DPN. CONCLUSION: There were serum and urine spectrum metabolomic differences in patients with DPN, which could serve as biomarkers for T2DM and DPN patients.

9.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 18: 1032-1039, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105729

RESUMO

An economical and versatile protocol for the one-pot synthesis of monomethylamines by reduction of N-substituted carbonylimidazoles with NaBH4/I2 in THF at reflux temperature is described. This method used no special catalyst and various monomethylamines can be easily obtained in moderate to good yields from a wide range of raw materials including amines (primary amines and secondary amines), carboxylic acids and isocyanates. Besides, an interesting reduction selectivity was observed. Exploration of the reaction process shows that it undergoes a two-step pathway via a formamide intermediate and the reduction of the formamide intermediate to monomethylamine as the rate-determining step. This work can contribute significantly expanding the applications of N-substituted carbonylimidazoles.

10.
Front Genet ; 13: 930446, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110218

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which has high rates of recurrence and metastasis and is the main reason and the most common tumor for cancer mortality worldwide, has an unfavorable prognosis. N7-methylguanosine (m7G) modification can affect the formation and development of tumors by affecting gene expression and other biological processes. In addition, many previous studies have confirmed the unique function of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in tumor progression; however, studies exploring the functions of m7G-related lncRNAs in HCC patients has been limited. Methods: Relevant RNA expression information was acquired from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA, https://portal.gdc.cancer.gov), and m7G-related lncRNAs were identified via gene coexpression analysis. Afterward, univariate Cox regression, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression, and multivariate regression analyses were implemented to construct an ideal risk model whose validity was verified using Kaplan-Meier survival, principal component, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and nomogram analyses. In addition, the potential functions of lncRNAs in the novel signature were explored through Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). At last, in both risk groups and subtypes classified based on the expression of the risk-related lncRNAs, we analyzed the immune characteristics and drug sensitivity of patients. Results: After rigorous screening processes, we built a model based on 11 m7G-related lncRNAs for predicting patient overall survival (OS). The results suggested that the survival status of patients with high-risk scores was lower than that of patients with low-risk scores, and a high-risk score was related to malignant clinical features. Cox regression analysis showed that the m7G risk score was an independent prognostic parameter. Moreover, immune cell infiltration and immunotherapy sensitivity differed between the risk groups. Conclusion: The m7G risk score model constructed based on 11 m7G-related lncRNAs can effectively assess the OS of HCC patients and may offer support for making individualized treatment and immunotherapy decisions for HCC patients.

11.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15290, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088472

RESUMO

Unrestricted reproduction and spread of pest had caused great damage to the quality and yield of crops in recent years. Besides the use of traditional chemical pesticides, natural products also make a huge contribution against pests. Chasmanthinine, a diterpenoid alkaloid isolated from Aconitum franchetii var. villosulum, shown extremely antifeedant activity against Spodoptera exigua. Therefore, a series of novel Chasmanthinine derivatives were synthesized and their biological activity was studied in this work. Compound 33 showed the strongest antifeedant activity (EC50 = 0.10 mg/cm2) among all the test compounds. The mechanism research of 33 revealed that its antifeedant effect was related to the inhibition of carboxylesterase (CES), and proved the thiophene acyl group could form a strong binding effect with CES by molecular docking. Moreover, compound 10 exhibited the strongest cytotoxicity (IC50 = 12.87 µM) against Sf9 cell line and moderate contact toxicity. The mechanism research indicated that compound 10 could induce Sf9 cells apoptosis. In summary, the results lay a foundation for the application of diterpene alkaloids in plant protection.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Alcaloides , Inseticidas , Aconitum/química , Alcaloides/química , Animais , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Spodoptera
12.
Postgrad Med ; : 1-13, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094155

RESUMO

Smoking is a well-established risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Chronic lung inflammation continues even after smoking cessation and leads to COPD progression. To date, anti-inflammatory therapies are ineffective in improving pulmonary function and COPD symptoms, and new molecular targets are urgently needed to deal with this challenge. The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) was shown to be relevant in COPD pathogenesis, since it is both a genetic determinant of low lung function and a determinant of COPD susceptibility. Moreover, RAGE is involved in the physiological response to cigarette smoke exposure. Since innate and acquired immunity plays an essential role in the development of chronic inflammation and emphysema in COPD, here we summarized the roles of RAGE and its ligand HMGB1 in COPD immunity.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 439: 129688, 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104914

RESUMO

The superhydrophobic fiber-based membranes with features of high separation efficiency and low energy consumption for oil-water separation remains a formidable challenge. In this paper, a robust and durable superhydrophobic cotton-derived carbon fabric (CDCF) with wodyetia bifurcate-like structure is fabricated via in situ cobalt-nickel basic carbonate (CNC) deposition and 1 H, 1 H, 2 H, 2 H-perfluorooctyltriethoxysilane (POTS) coating. The combined action of rough surface structure and low surface energy makes CDCF/CNC/POTS with superhydrophobicity/superoleophilicity, anti-wetting, and self-cleaning performance. Intriguingly, the CDCF/CNC/POTS can keep its superhydrophobicity under of the water droplet impact pressure of 781 Pa. In addition to its robust dynamic superhydrophobicity, CDCF/CNC/POTS can also maintain its non-wetting property under harsh environmental conditions such as mechanical abrasion treatment, acidic, alkaline and salt solutions, and ultraviolet radiation. Importantly, the CDCF/CNC/POTS can separate various oil-water mixtures and emulsions under gravity with ultrahigh oil-water mixtures permeate flux (∼19,126 L/m2h), high surfactant-stabilized emulsion permeate flux (∼821 L/m2h), and high separation efficiency (> 98.60 %). Moreover, remarkable recyclability endow the CDCF/CNC/POTS with promising application in treating oily wastewater. This work may benefit the low-cost mass production of cotton-based carbon fabrics for developing eco-friendly high-efficiency separators.

14.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103229

RESUMO

The ethylene insensitive 3/ethylene insensitive 3-like (EIN3/EIL) plays an indispensable role in fruit ripening. However, the regulatory mechanism that links posttranslational modification of EIN3/EIL to fruit ripening is largely unknown. Here, we studied the expression of 13 MaEIL genes during banana fruit ripening, among which MaEIL9 displayed higher enhancement particularly in the ripening stage. Consistent with its transcript pattern, abundance of MaEIL9 protein gradually increased during the ripening process, with maximal enhancement in the ripening. DAP-seq analysis revealed that MaEIL9 directly targets a subset of genes related to fruit ripening, such as the starch hydrolytic genes MaAMY3D and MaBAM1. Stably overexpressing MaEIL9 in tomato fruit hastened fruit ripening, whereas transiently silencing this gene in banana fruit retarded the ripening process, supporting a positive role of MaEIL9 in fruit ripening. Moreover, oxidation of methionines (Met-129, Met-130 and Met-282) in MaEIL9 resulted in the loss of its DNA-binding capacity and transcriptional activation activity. Importantly, we identified MaEIL9 as a potential substrate protein of methionine sulfoxide reductase A MaMsrA4, and oxidation of Met-129, Met-130 and Met-282 in MaEIL9 could be restored by MaMsrA4. Collectively, our findings reveal a novel regulatory network controlling banana fruit ripening, which involves MaMsrA4-mediated redox regulation of the ethylene signalling component MaEIL9. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 909796, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090259

RESUMO

Labor division of the two brain hemispheres refers to the dominant processing of input information on one side of the brain. At an early stage, or a preattentive stage, the right brain hemisphere is shown to dominate the auditory processing of tones, including lexical tones. However, little is known about the influence of brain damage on the labor division of the brain hemispheres for the auditory processing of linguistic tones. Here, we demonstrate swapped dominance of brain hemispheres at the preattentive stage of auditory processing of Chinese lexical tones after a stroke in the right temporal lobe (RTL). In this study, we frequently presented lexical tones to a group of patients with a stroke in the RTL and infrequently varied the tones to create an auditory contrast. The contrast evoked a mismatch negativity response, which indexes auditory processing at the preattentive stage. In the participants with a stroke in the RTL, the mismatch negativity response was lateralized to the left side, in contrast to the right lateralization pattern in the control participants. The swapped dominance of brain hemispheres indicates that the RTL is a core area for early-stage auditory tonal processing. Our study indicates the necessity of rehabilitating tonal processing functions for tonal language speakers who suffer an RTL injury.

16.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 870290, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090370

RESUMO

Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with a higher risk of self-harm (SH) when compared with depression. Therefore, it is reasonable to suspect that the state of mania or hypomania may independently contribute to increased SH risk. However, for hypomania, its association with SH remains less known. We intend to investigate this hypothesis in a large sample of Chinese children and adolescents with depressive symptoms. Based on a two-stage simple random cluster sampling method with probability proportionate to sample size (PPS) design, a total of 4,858 children and adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years were surveyed in southwestern China, Yunnan Province, by using self-administered questionnaires. Among them, 1,577 respondents with depressive symptoms were screened out and included in the final analysis. Descriptive statistics were calculated to illustrate the major characteristics of the study subjects. Multivariate logistic regression models were fitted to evaluate the adjusted association between hypomanic symptoms and SH. The prevalence of SH in children and adolescents with depressive symptoms was 63.92% (95% CI: 58.70-69.00%). The two hypomanic factors, which measure "active/elated" (factor I) and "risk-taking/irritable" (factor II), were significantly and discordantly associated with SH: after adjustment, every one-point increase in factor I and factor II scores was associated with 0.94-fold (95% CI: 0.91-0.97) and 1.25-fold (95% CI: 1.15-1.36) of odds ratio (OR) in SH prevalence. Further analyses based on quartiles of the two factors revealed a more prominent dose-response relationship between factor II and SH prevalence, SH repetition, and SH severity. The results of this study may suggest that, for hypomanic children and adolescents, individuals with elevated factor II score are probably of greater urgency for SH intervention. Major limitations of this study include inability of causal inference, risk of information bias, and limited results extrapolation.

17.
Mol Ther Oncolytics ; 26: 372-386, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090480

RESUMO

Chemoprevention of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is highly desirable in clinic. Berberine (BBR) is reported to play potential roles in cancer treatment and prevention. We studied the chemopreventive effect of BBR on hepatocellular carcinogenesis in an inflammation-driven mouse model, as it was enriched in liver after oral administration. Oral BBR significantly decreased the number and volume of visible nodular tumors, and prolonged the median overall survival by 9 and 8 weeks in the diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-injected male and female mice respectively. The nodular tumors were induced through activation of the lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) pathway in liver. LPA stimulated the abnormal leptin transcription through interacting with LPA receptor-2 (LPAR2) followed by p38 activation, and BBR inhibited carcinogenesis by suppressing the bioactivity of LPA. Specifically, BBR significantly reduced the expression of the LPA synthetase autotaxin (ATX) and LPAR2 in the nodular tumors of DEN-injected mice. Subsequently, BBR repressed the abnormal transcription of leptin stimulated by LPA-induced phosphorylation of p38 in hepatoma cells. In fact, BBR reduced the abnormal expression of leptin in livers of DEN-injected male mice throughout the course of an 8-month experiment. BBR might be a preventive agent for HCC, working at least partially through antagonizing the ATX-LPA-LPAR2-p38-leptin axis in liver.

18.
J Ginseng Res ; 46(5): 666-674, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090685

RESUMO

Background: Ginsenosides and their metabolites have antidepressant-like effects, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We previously identified 14-3-3 ζ as one of the target proteins of 20 (S)-protopanaxadiol (PPD), a fully deglycosylated ginsenoside metabolite. Methods: Corticosterone (CORT) was administered repeatedly to induce the depression model, and PPD was given concurrently. The tail suspension test (TST) and the forced swimming test (FST) were used for behavioral evaluation. All mice were sacrificed. Golgi-cox staining, GSK 3ß activity assay, and Western blot analysis were performed. In vitro, the kinetic binding analysis with the Biolayer Interferometry (BLI) was used to determine the molecular interactions. Results: TST and FST both revealed that PPD reversed CORT-induced behavioral deficits. PPD also ameliorated the CORT-induced expression alterations of hippocampal Ser9 phosphorylated glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (p-Ser9 GSK 3ß), Ser133 phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein (p-Ser133 CREB), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Moreover, PPD attenuated the CORT-induced increase in GSK 3ß activity and decrease in dendritic spine density in the hippocampus. In vitro, 14-3-3 ζ protein specifically bound to p-Ser9 GSK 3ß polypeptide. PPD promoted the binding and subsequently decreased GSK 3ß activity. Conclusion: These findings demonstrated the antidepressant-like effects of PPD on the CORT-induced mouse depression model and indicated a possible target-based mechanism. The combination of PPD with the 14-3-3 ζ protein may promote the binding of 14-3-3 ζ to p-GSK 3ß (Ser9) and enhance the inhibition of Ser9 phosphorylation on GSK 3ß kinase activity, thereby activating the plasticity-related CREB-BDNF signaling pathway.

19.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 994760, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091435

RESUMO

Lignin polymer as a natural aromatic macromolecule presents significant prospects in producing functional and sustainable materials, and achieving a comprehensive characterization will facilitate their target valorization. In the present study, deep eutectic solvent (DES) and alkaline delignification were adopted to deconstruct tobacco stalk before and after hydrothermal pretreatment, obtaining diverse lignin fractions with fascinating characteristics. DES lignin exhibited a higher yield and homogenous molecular structure than MWL. A severe cleavage of the inter-unit linkages in lignin was also observed. This result mostly originated from the efficient delignification of the DES deconstruction system adopted. Moreover, all the recovered lignin fractions exhibited good micro-nanoparticle size that can enhance the valorization of lignin in nanomaterial production, in which the hydrothermal-assisted DES deconstruction promoted the formation of the smaller lignin nanoparticle size. Next, all the recovered lignin presented an excellent UV absorption and structure-related absorption performance or thermal properties. Overall, this work provides an important foundation for further exploiting DES/alkaline delignification lignin that can be applied as an ideal feedstock for producing sustainable functional or micro/nanomaterials.

20.
Front Chem ; 10: 938626, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092677

RESUMO

Aspergillus ochraceus, generally known as a food spoilage fungus, is the representative species in Aspergillus section Circumdati. A. ochraceus strains are widely distributed in nature, and usually isolated from cereal, coffee, fruit, and beverage. Increasing cases suggest A. ochraceus acts as human and animal pathogens due to producing the mycotoxins. However, in terms of benefits to mankind, A. ochraceus is the potential source of industrial enzymes, and has excellent capability to produce diverse structural products, including polyketides, nonribosomal peptides, diketopiperazine alkaloids, benzodiazepine alkaloids, pyrazines, bis-indolyl benzenoids, nitrobenzoyl sesquiterpenoids, and steroids. This review outlines recent discovery, chemical structure, biosynthetic pathway, and bio-activity of the natural compounds from A. ochraceus.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...