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1.
Food Chem ; 334: 127550, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693335

RESUMO

Potato accumulates large amounts of soluble sugar during cold storage periods. However, a system based understanding of this process is still largely unknown. Here, we compared the dynamic cold-responded transcriptome of genotypes between cold-induced sweetening resistant (CIS-R) and cold-induced sweetening sensitive (CIS-S) in tubers. Comparative transcriptome revealed that activating the pathways of starch degradation, sucrose synthesis and hydrolysis could be common strategies in response to cold in both genotypes. Moreover, the variation in sugar accumulation between genotypes may be due to genetic differences in cold response, which could be mainly explained: CIS-R genotype was active in starch synthesis and attenuated in sucrose hydrolysis by promoting the coordinate expression of aseries ofgenes involved in starch-sugar interconversion. Additionally, transcription factors, the candidate master regulators of starch-sugar interconversion, were discussed. Taken together, this work has provided an avenue for studying the mechanism involved in the regulation of the CIS resistance.

2.
Food Chem ; 337: 127639, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799157

RESUMO

A series of incubation systems of pure (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), ascorbic acid (AA) and dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA) at 80 °C were performed to investigated the effect and mechanism of AA on the stability of EGCG. Results shows the dual function of AA, protect action at low concentration and promoting degradation at high concentration, and the critical concentration is about 10 mmol/L. The protective properties of AA due to the reversible reaction from AA to DHAA inhibiting oxidation pathway of EGCG to EGCG quinone or other activated intermediates, and both AA and DHAA can inhibit the hydrolysis of EGCG. The properties of promoting degradation is mainly due to the fact that DHAA, the oxidation product of AA, can react with EGCG to generate some ascorbyl adducts of EGCG. This result is helpful to control the stability of catechins and further clarify the complex interaction on healthy between EGCG and AA.

3.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 11(10): e00252, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031198

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In randomized controlled trials, L-menthol inhibits gastrointestinal peristalsis during endoscopy. Our goal was to quantitatively synthesize the available evidence to evaluate the efficacy and safety of L-menthol for gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: We comprehensively searched for relevant studies published up to January 2020 in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. The main outcomes consisted of the proportion of no peristalsis, proportion of no or mild peristalsis, adenoma detection rate, and adverse events. RESULTS: Eight randomized controlled trials analyzing 1,366 subjects were included. According to the pooled data, L-menthol significantly improved the proportion of no peristalsis (odds ratio [OR] = 6.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.94-8.57, P < 0.00001), and the proportion of no or mild peristalsis (OR = 7.89, 95% CI = 5.03-12.39, P < 0.00001) compared with the placebo, whereas it was not associated with an improvement in the adenoma detection rate (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.54-1.99, P = 0.92). Adverse events did not differ significantly between the 2 groups (OR = 1.40, 95% CI = 0.75-2.59, P = 0.29). DISCUSSION: The findings of this study support the use of L-menthol to suppress gastrointestinal peristalsis during endoscopic procedure.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22607, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031316

RESUMO

Ikaros family zinc finger 1(IKZF1) encodes a lymphoid-restricted zinc finger transcription factor named Ikaros that regulates lymphocyte differentiation and proliferation as well as self-tolerance. Increasing evidence indicates that IKZF1 could contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Recent research has provided evidence that IKZF1 might correlate with Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but no clear definition has been made yet. In this study, we focus on the relationship between IKZF1 polymorphisms and SLE susceptibility, cytokine levels, and clinical characteristics in the Chinese Han population.One thousand seventy-six subjects, including 400 SLE patients and 676 healthy controls, were included in this study. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms within IKZF1 containing rs4917014, rs11980379, and rs4132601 were genotyped in all subjects by an improved multiplex ligation detection reaction technique. 143 subjects from SLE patients were randomly selected for testing the levels of serum cytokines. The clinical characteristics of SLE patients were gathered and collated from medical records. The data were analyzed mainly using SPSS20.0 (SPSS lnc., Chicago, IL).Significant relationships were observed between rs4132601 and SLE susceptibility, CD40 ligand, and malar rash (P < .001, P = .04, and P = .01, respectively). In addition, significant relationships were observed between rs4917014 and susceptibility, granzyme B level, and hematological disorder in SLE (P = .005, P = .03 and P = .005, respectively).The results further support that IKZF1 may have an important role in the development and pathogenesis of SLE. Allele G of rs4132601 and rs4917014 is related to a decreased risk of SLE occurrence and associated with clinical features in SLE patients, including CD40 ligand level, granzyme B level, malar rash, and hematological disorder, which play important roles in disease progression.

5.
Curr Opin Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027099

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cryoballoon catheter can create large and contiguous lesions with stable contact during ablation. It has proven to be well tolerated and effective in pulmonary vein isolation. But atrial arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, atrial tachycardia, and atrial flutter (AFL), also relate to many extrapulmonary vein targets. It is necessary to understand the current evidence for the use of cryoballoon ablation for targets outside of pulmonary veins. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have shown that the cryoballoon ablation can be used in extrapulmonary vein area, including left atrium roof, left atrial appendages, posterior left atrial wall, mitral isthmus, and right atrial appendage. The results indicate cryoballoon ablation is an effective and well-tolerated treatment option for the atrial arrhythmias in these locations outside of pulmonary vein when clinical necessary. SUMMARY: The cryoballoon ablation can safely and effectively perform contiguous linear lesions, structure isolations, and local ablation for targets outside of the pulmonary veins.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021815

RESUMO

The field of cardiac electrophysiology has been on the cutting edge of advanced digital technologies for many years. More recently, medical device development through traditional clinical trials has been supplemented by direct to consumer products with advancement of wearables and healthcare apps. The rapid growth of innovation along with the mega-data generated has created challenges and opportunities. This review summarizes the regulatory landscape, applications to clinical practice, opportunities for virtual clinical trials, the use of artificial intelligence to streamline and interpret data, and integration into the electronic medical records and medical practice. Preparation of the new generation of physicians, guidance and promotion by professional societies, and advancement of research in the interpretation and application of big data and the impact of digital technologies on health outcomes will help to advance the adoption and the future of digital health care.

7.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(5): 960-966, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004735

RESUMO

As a treatment option for cancer, thermal ablation has satisfactory effects on many types of solid tumors (such as liver and renal cancers). However, its clinical applications for the treatment of thyroid nodules and metastatic cervical lymph nodes are still under debate both in China and abroad. In 2015, the "Zhejiang Expert consensus on thermal ablation for thyroid benign nodules, microcarcinoma, and metastatic cervical lymph nodes (2015 edition)," was released by the Thyroid Cancer Committee of Zhejiang Anti-Cancer Association, China. To further standardize the application of thermal ablation for thyroid tumors, the Thyroid Tumor Ablation Experts Group of Chinese Medical Doctor Association has organized many seminars and finally produced a consensus to formulate the "Expert consensus workshop report: Guidelines for thermal ablation of thyroid tumors (2019 edition)."

8.
Histol Histopathol ; : 18266, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is widely used as an inhalational anesthetic in clinical practice. However, sevoflurane can cause cytotoxicity and induce learning capacity decline in patients. A previous publication indicated that miR-204-5p might have a close relationship with sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity. When exposed to sevoflurane, the expression of miR-204-5p in neonatal hippocampus of rats was significantly increased. Hence, we aimed to investigate the role of miR-204-5p in sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity using a mouse hippocampal neuronal cell line (HT22). METHODS: The levels of miR-204-5p in HT22 cells were detected by RT-qPCR. In addition, the effects of miR-204-5p on cell viability, apoptosis and proliferation were evaluated by CCK-8, flow cytometric, and immunofluorescence assay, respectively. Western blotting was used to detect expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, active caspase 3, BDNF, TrkB, p-TrkB, Akt and p-Akt in HT22 cells. ELISA assay was used to examine the levels of total superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells. Meanwhile, the dual luciferase reporter system assay was employed to explore the interaction of miR-204-5p and BDNF in cells. RESULTS: The level of miR-204-5p was increased in sevoflurane-treated HT22 cells. Moreover, downregulation of miR-204-5p inhibited sevoflurane-induced apoptosis and promoted cell proliferation by upregulating the proteins of Bcl-2 and downregulating the expressions of Bax and active caspase-3 in HT22 cells. In addition, inhibition of miR-204-5p alleviated sevoflurane-induced oxidative injuries in HT22 cells via decline of ROS and MDA and upregulation of SOD and GSH. Furthermore, bioinformatics and dual luciferase assay demonstrated that miR-204-5p can inhibit the TrkB/Akt pathway by targeting BDNF. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that downregulation of miR-204-5p can decrease oxidative status in HT22 cells and alleviate sevoflurane-induced cytotoxicity through stimulating the BDNF/TrkB/Akt pathway. Therefore, miR-204-5p might be a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for the treatment of sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity.

9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4964, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009394

RESUMO

Thrombosis leads to platelet activation and subsequent degradation; therefore, replenishment of platelets from hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) is needed to maintain the physiological level of circulating platelets. Platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) are protein- and RNA-containing vesicles released from activated platelets. We hypothesized that factors carried by PMPs might influence the production of platelets from HSPCs, in a positive feedback fashion. Here we show that, during mouse acute liver injury, the density of megakaryocyte in the bone marrow increases following an increase in circulating PMPs, but without thrombopoietin (TPO) upregulation. In vitro, PMPs are internalized by HSPCs and drive them toward a megakaryocytic fate. Mechanistically, miR-1915-3p, a miRNA highly enriched in PMPs, is transported to target cells and suppresses the expression levels of Rho GTPase family member B, thereby inducing megakaryopoiesis. In addition, direct injection of PMPs into irradiated mice increases the number of megakaryocytes and platelets without affecting TPO levels. In conclusion, our data reveal that PMPs have a role in promoting megakaryocytic differentiation and platelet production.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/metabolismo , Megacariócitos/citologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular , Endocitose , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fígado/lesões , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Megacariócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , MicroRNAs/genética , Poliploidia , Proteína rhoB de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
10.
Chemosphere ; 264(Pt 2): 128531, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065320

RESUMO

Highly polluted crude oil electric desalting wastewaters (EDWs) severely affect the efficiency of refinery wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Coagulation is an efficient pretreatment to reduce the impacts of EDWs. In the present study, the influences of coagulation pretreatment on the characteristics of EDWs of three typical Chinese crude oils, Liaohe heavy oil (LHO), Karamay heavy oil (KHO) and Daqing light oil (DLO), were investigated. The stability of three raw EDWs was broken and the contents of organic pollutants were significantly reduced by aluminum sulfate coagulation. More soluble COD and polar oils were removed from LHO-EDW (1241 and 98 mg L-1) and KHO-EDW (779 and 57 mg L-1) compared to DLO-EDW (417 and 11 mg L-1). Coagulation significantly changed the compositions of the organic pollutants of two heavy oil EDWs; however, slightly influenced DLO-EDW, particularly the polar organic pollutants. Most types of aromatic compounds, aliphatic acids and Ox polar compounds were removed from two heavy oil EDWs, but mainly alkanes were removed from DLO-EDW. As such, the differences in the types of dominant polar compounds became insignificant among treated heavy oil and light oil EDWs. Coagulation notably decreased the acute biotoxicity and improved the biodegradability of all treated EDWs. The residual organic nitrogen compounds in treated KHO-EDW contributed to a higher residual biotoxicity compared to treated LHO-EDW. The results demonstrate that coagulation can effectively improve the qualities of heavy oil EDWs by lowering the contents of organic pollutants and removing recalcitrant compounds, thus guaranteeing the efficiency of refinery WWTPs.

11.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1518, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The enzyme NOP2/Sun RNA methyltransferase 2 (NSUN2) catalyzes the methylation of cytosine to 5-methylcytosine (m5C) at position 34 of tRNA(Leu; CAA) precursors containing introns that play a vital role in spindle assembly during mitosis and chromosome segregation. Biallelic variants in the NSUN2 gene cause a rare intellectual disability that has been identified only in a few Middle Eastern patients. Affected individuals usually have other deformities, including developmental delay, short stature, microcephaly, and facial dysmorphism. The aim of this study was to identify the genetic cause of three female patients from a Chinese pedigree, who presented with similar phenotype consisting of the above clinical features. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was used to screen for causal variants in the genome, and the candidate variants were subsequently verified using Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: WES revealed a previously unreported homozygous nonsense variant (NM_017755.5: c.1004T>A, p.Leu335*) in exon 9 of NSUN2, which was consistent with the clinical phenotype of the patients and co-segregated with the disease in their family. A comparison of this phenotype with that of patients in published reports uncovered several novel clinical features related to NSUN2 variations, including feeding difficulties, slender hands and fingers, severely restricted finger mobility, hallux valgus, varus foot, and elevated α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH). CONCLUSIONS: These are the first findings of a non-consanguineous Chinese pedigree with a homozygous NSUN2 variant. We expanded the phenotypic spectrum associated with NSUN2 variations.

12.
Int J Mol Med ; 46(5): 1644-1652, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000175

RESUMO

As a member of the calpain protein family, calpain6 (CAPN6) is highly expressed mainly in the placenta and embryos. It plays a number of important roles in cellular processes, such as the stabilization of microtubules, the maintenance of cell stability, the control of cell movement and the inhibition of apoptosis. In recent years, various studies have found that CAPN6 is one of the contributing factors associated with the tumorigenesis of uterine tumors and osteosarcoma, and that CAPN6 participates in the development of tumors by promoting cell proliferation and angiogenesis, and by inhibiting apoptosis, which is mainly regulated by the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway. Due to its abnormal cellular expression, CAPN6 has also been found to be associated with a number of diseases, such as white matter damage and muscular dystrophy. Therefore, CAPN6 may be a novel therapeutic target for these diseases. In the present review, the role of CAPN6 in disease and its possible use as a target in various therapies are discussed.

13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 206: 111358, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007539

RESUMO

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) productivity is greatly affected by soil salinity and melatonin (MLT) has long been recognized as a positive molecule that can alleviate the damage caused by salt. Here, the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the regulation of salt tolerance by MLT was investigated in rice. MLT pretreatment increased the fresh and dry weight of rice seedlings under salt stress. Its beneficial effects include less relative electrolyte leakage (REL) and better K+/Na+ homeostasis. MLT increased the activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). The polyamines (PAs) content and the utilization of arginine were also increased, thereby increasing NO content in salt-stressed rice seedlings. Pharmacological approach showed that NO, as a necessary downstream signaling molecule, was involved in the regulation of MLT on the K+/Na+ homeostasis of rice. Under salt stress, MLT improved the H+-pumps activities in plasma membrane (PM) and vacuole membrane (VM) in roots, MLT also increased the ATP content of rice roots by increasing the NO content of rice. Thus, the efflux of Na+ and the influx of K+ were promoted. When endogenous NO was scavenged, the regulation of K+/Na+ homeostasis by MLT was blocked. Therefore, MLT mediated K+/Na+ homeostasis of rice under salt stress by mediating NO.

14.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3557-3560, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018771

RESUMO

Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (AtDCS) can improve memory and cognitive dysfunction in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), which has been proven in basic and clinical studies. Intervention of AD in preclinical stage is important to prevent progression of AD in the aging society. At the same time, there is increasing evidence that a close link exists between cerebrovascular dysfunction and AD disease. Here we investigated the changes of local cerebral blood microcirculation in preclinical AD mouse model after AtDCS based on the previous studies. Twenty-four 6-month-old male APP/PS1 double transgenic mice were randomly divided into three groups: a model group (AD), a model sham stimulation (ADST) group and a model stimulation group (ATD). Eight 6-month-old male C57 wild-type mice served as a control group (CTL). Mice in the ATD group received 10 AtDCS sessions. Two months after the end of AtDCS in the ATD group, the microcirculation parameters of the frontal cortex of the mice in each group, including cerebral blood flow (CBF), blood flow velocity (Velo), oxygen saturation (SO2) and relative hemoglobin content (rHb), were obtained by the non-invasive laser-Doppler spectrophotometry system "Oxygen-to-See (O2C)". The results showed that AtDCS increased CBF, Velo and SO2, and reduce rHb in APP/PS1 double transgenic mice at the preclinical stage of AD.Clinical Relevance-This shows the positive effect of AtDCS on preclinical AD in cerebrovascular function, and provides effective basic research facts for AtDCS to intervene and delay the clinical application of AD disease.

15.
Chemosphere ; 264(Pt 2): 128458, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039691

RESUMO

This study evaluated the fouling development of membrane distillation (MD) when treating different feed waters were taken from three local water bodies: Xuanwu Lake, Nan Lake and Qinhuai River. Trends of flux decline could be divided into three phases including a similar rapid decline in first phase, a slow decline in phase II, while significant difference was observed in the last phase. It could be seen that inorganic matters in feed waters had some influences on the attachment of salt crystals to membrane, mainly in the form of CaCO3. Furthermore, the biovolume exhibited little difference but the amount of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) was distinct in the three systems. 16S rRNA revealed that although the microbial communities in feed waters had different structures, they on-membrane microbes shared the same dominant communities in the early stage due to the same growth environment including Tepidimonas, Meiothermus, OLB14_norank, Env.OPS 17_norank and Schlegelella with a relatively stable proportion of 63.5%-68.0%. However, at the later operational phase, the bacteria composition was changed with community succession, and Armatimonadetes_norank, Hydrogenophilaceae_uncultured and Methyloversatilis respectively thrived on the three scaling membrane surfaces which was correlated with the concentration of feed water, resulting the influence of inorganic substances on microbial growth was enhanced. A result obviously suggested that bacteria had great influence on the degree of flux decline due to their structure and property, especially at the later operational phase. It would be helpful to explore the structure and potential function of dominant communities on membranes and provide basic theory for the treatment of microbial pollution.

16.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 381, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sepsis is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the intensive care unit. Regulatory mechanisms underlying the disease progression and prognosis are largely unknown. The study aimed to identify master regulators of mortality-related modules, providing potential therapeutic target for further translational experiments. METHODS: The dataset GSE65682 from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was utilized for bioinformatic analysis. Consensus weighted gene co-expression netwoek analysis (WGCNA) was performed to identify modules of sepsis. The module most significantly associated with mortality were further analyzed for the identification of master regulators of transcription factors and miRNA. RESULTS: A total number of 682 subjects with various causes of sepsis were included for consensus WGCNA analysis, which identified 27 modules. The network was well preserved among different causes of sepsis. Two modules designated as black and light yellow module were found to be associated with mortality outcome. Key regulators of the black and light yellow modules were the transcription factor CEBPB (normalized enrichment score = 5.53) and ETV6 (NES = 6), respectively. The top 5 miRNA regulated the most number of genes were hsa-miR-335-5p (n = 59), hsa-miR-26b-5p (n = 57), hsa-miR-16-5p (n = 44), hsa-miR-17-5p (n = 42), and hsa-miR-124-3p (n = 38). Clustering analysis in 2-dimension space derived from manifold learning identified two subclasses of sepsis, which showed significant association with survival in Cox proportional hazard model (p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that the black and light-yellow modules were significantly associated with mortality outcome. Master regulators of the module included transcription factor CEBPB and ETV6. miRNA-target interactions identified significantly enriched miRNA.

17.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 267-274, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043343

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the molecular mechanism of LncRNA NEAT1 regulating proliferation, migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells by regulating miR-339-5p/ITGA3 axis. METHODS: qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of NEAT1, miR-339-5p, ITGA3 mRNA and ITGA3 protein in 25 cases of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma, its corresponding adjacent tissues, human normal oral mucosal cell line HOK and human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell lines TSCCA, CAL27, SCC15 and HN13. CAL27 cell lines that inhibited NEAT1 and overexpressed miR-339-5p were constructed, respectively. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay, cell numbers of migration and invasion were detected by Transwell assay, and the expression of Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 proteins were detected by Western blotting. The dual luciferase reporter gene was used to verify the targeting relationship of NEAT1, miR-339-5p and ITGA3, and the regulatory relationship was detected by Western blotting and qRT-PCR. SPSS 17.0 software package was used for statistical analysis of the data. RESULTS: Compared with normal human oral mucosal cell line HOK, the expression of NEAT1 and ITGA3 was up-regulated, while the expression of miR-339-5p was down-regulated in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Inhibition of NEAT1 or over-expression of miR-339-5p significantly inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of CAL27 cells, and significantly inhibited expression of Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 proteins. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that NEAT1 directly interacted with miR-339-5p and suppressed its expression. miR-339-5p negatively regulated ITGA3 expression. Inhibition of NEAT1 reversed the inhibitory effect of the inhibition of miR-339-5p on proliferation, migration and invasion of CAL27 cells. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA NEAT1 promotes proliferation, migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells by down-regulating miR-339-5p/ITGA3 axis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante/fisiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Integrina alfa3 , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
18.
Zootaxa ; 4772(2): zootaxa.4772.2.6, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055616

RESUMO

Three species of geckos in the genus Goniurosaurus have been recorded from Hainan Island in China. We describe a new species, Goniurosaurus kwanghua sp. nov. Zhu He, bringing the number of this genus in Hainan Island to four. We conducted phylogenetic analyses with two mitochondrial genes (16S Cytb) and two nuclear genes (RAG1 C-MOS) to validate this new species. The new species is similar to G. hainanensis, but differs in the following characters: (1) middle section of the nuchal loop wide and posteriorly protracted, (2) wider body bands with dark markings, (3) yellow stripes on posterior side of humerus and femur, linked to the first and third body bands, respectively. The type specimens are deposited in the Museum of Biology, East China Normal University (ECNU).

19.
J Cancer Educ ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068265

RESUMO

Patient knowledge of risk factors, signs and symptoms associated with oral cancers is crucial for increasing the likelihood of patient presentation for opportunistic screening and reducing delay in patient appraisal for early detection. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of oral cancer and to ascertain socio-demographic factors that influence knowledge amongst adult dental patients attending public clinics in Brisbane, Australia. A convenience sample of 213 adult dental patients who attended the Herston and Stafford public health clinics in Brisbane, Australia, between July and August 2019 participated in the self-administered questionnaire. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors for oral cancer knowledge. Patients were well informed of smoking as a risk factor (n = 135; 84.4%), whereas only 53.8% (n = 82) of participants agreed that heavy alcohol consumption was a risk factor. A larger proportion of participants identified difficulty of moving the tongue (n = 79; 49.4%) and pain on swallowing (n = 72; 45.0%) compared to the proportion who identified fixed red patches (n = 61; 38.1%) and fixed white patches (n = 57; 35.6%) as a sign or symptom. Education level and gender were significant knowledge predictors for alcohol (p = 0.01), old age (p = 0.008) and family history (p = 0.004) as a risk factors for oral cancer. Those with a family history of cancer were more likely to identify a red patch (p = 0.02), bleeding gums (p = 0.001) and altered sensation (p = 0.023) as a sign or symptom of oral cancer. Overall, patient knowledge was greater for risk factors than for signs and symptoms for oral cancer. Symptoms associated with later stages of cancer were recognised by a greater proportion of patients compared to early stages of oral cancer. These results indicate the need for targeted public health initiatives to improve patient knowledge.

20.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1580-1583, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018295

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance (MR) images are generally degraded by random noise governed by Rician distributions. In this study, we developed a modified adaptive high order singular value decomposition (HOSVD) method, taking consideration of the nonlocal self-similarity and weighted Schatten p-norm. We extracted 3D cubes from noise images and classified the similar cubes by the Euclidean distance between cubes to construction a fourth-order tensor. Each rank of unfolding matrices was adaptively determined by weighted Schatten p-norm regularization. The latent noise-free 3D MR images can be obtained by an adaptive HOSVD. Denoising experiments were tested on both synthetic and clinical 3D MR images, and the results showed the proposed method outperformed several existing methods for Rician noise removal in 3D MR images.

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