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1.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510400

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intestinal metaplasia (IM) is a precancerous lesion that increases the risk of subsequent gastric cancer (GC) development. Previously, miR-1 has been shown to play an essential role in the initiation of bile acid (BA)-induced IM. The objective of the present study was to investigate the mechanism underlying miR-1 inhibition by BA in gastric cells. METHODS: Ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) was used to identify molecules acting upstream of miR-1. The effects of deoxycholic acid (DCA), FXR and SNAI2 on the expression of intestinal markers were assessed using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. The expression level of major molecules was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in tissue microarrays. The transcriptional regulation of miR-1 was verified using luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. RESULTS: We found that BA treatment caused aberrant expression of FXR and intestinal markers in gastric cells. Augmented FXR led to transcriptional activation of SNAI2, which in turn suppressed the miR-1 promoter. Moreover, we found that compared with normal tissues, the expression levels of both FXR and SNAI2 were increased and positively correlated with each other in IM tissues. Additionally, their expression showed an inverse correlation with that of miR-1 in IM tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that FXR may be responsible for a series of molecular changes in gastric cells after BA treatment, and that the FXR/SNAI2/miR-1 axis exhibits a crucial role in BA-induced progression of IM. Blocking the FXR-oriented axis may provide a promising approach for IM or even GC treatment.

3.
Food Funct ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523644

RESUMO

Brassica rapa L. is one of the most popular traditional foods with a variety of biological activities. In this study, the petroleum ether extract of B. rapa was separated by silica gel column chromatography, and named BRPS, which was identified by LC-MS. The effects and pharmacological mechanisms of BRPS on the treatment of lung cancer were investigated both in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that BRPS significantly inhibited the proliferation of both human lung cancer A549 and mouse lung cancer LLC cells, while its toxicity to normal cells was lower than that of cancer cells. BRPS induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and significantly reduced the levels of CDK1 and CyclinB1 in A549 cells. Moreover, BRPS induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner, and increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, while it decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, promoted the release of cytochrome c, activated caspase 9 and 3, and enhanced the degradation of PARP in A549 cells. Furthermore, the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were also upregulated by BRPS and ROS inhibitor reversed BRPS-induced apoptosis. Importantly, BRPS significantly suppressed the growth of LLC cells in vivo without any obvious side effect on body weight and organs of mice, and increased the proportion of B cells, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and CD44+CD8+ T cells in the spleen. These results revealed that BRPS inhibited the growth of lung cancer cells through inducing cell cycle arrest, mitochondria-dependent apoptosis, and activating immunity of mice, and BRPS might be a potential anti-tumor functional food and promising agent for the treatment of lung cancer.

4.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491097

RESUMO

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) is a perennial herb native to South and South East Asia, which widely used as a traditional herbal medicine against indigestion, diarrhea, cold, fever, vomiting and headache in China (Swamy and Sinniah, 2015). In September 2020, a new basal stem and root rot disease of patchouli was observed in three cultivated fields of Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province. Symptoms included sudden discoloration, chlorosis and wilting of the leaves and severe rot associated with external and internal browning at the basal part of stems and roots that results in the death of approximately 2 to 5% of plants in each field. To determine the causal agent, symptomatic roots with typical lesions were cut into small pieces, then surface sterilized in 2.5% NaClO for 1 min, rinsed three times in distilled water, and then inoculated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium. A fungus with same morphological characteristics was consistently isolated from disease tissue. The mycelia initially white to cream, later turning pale brown to black with age on PDA. To induce the sporulation, the isolated fungi were transferred to synthetic nutrient-poor agar (SNA) with autoclaved pine needles and ten pure cultures were obtained by single spores. Masses of black, hard and oblong microsclerotia (av. 171.2×136.5 µm, n=50) were observed on SNA. Conidia hyaline, ellipsoid to obovoid, smooth, enclosed in a mucous sheath, 15.9~32.5×7.7~11.9 µm (av. 23.9 × 9.6 µm, n=100). The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions as well as the partial translation elongation factor (EF-1α) and ß-tubulin (TUB) genes of two representative isolates GHX-1 and CHX-2 were sequenced, using primer pairs ITS1/ITS4 (White et al. 1990), EF-688F/EF-986R (Carbone and Kohn 1999), and Bt2a/Bt2b (Glass and Donaldson 1995), respectively. The obtained sequences were submitted to GenBank under the following accession numbers: ITS, MZ375360 and MZ375361; EF-1α, MZ393804 and MZ393805; and TUB, MZ393806 and MZ393807. BLASTn searches revealed that 100% identity with the existing sequences of ex-type culture CGMCC3.19503 of Macrophomina vaccinii (ITS, MK687450; EF-1α, MK687426; and TUB, MK687434), respectively. Phylogenetic analysis using Neighbour-Joining method in Mega7.0 with concatenated sequences of ITS, EF-1α and TUB showed that the isolates clustered in the clade of M. vaccinii with high bootstrap support values. Based on both of the morphological and molecular results, the isolates were identified as M. vaccinii (Zhao et al., 2019). To confirm the pathogenicity of the two isolates, 5-mm-diameter mycelial agar plus from the margins of 5-day-old PDA cultures were placed on the wounded basal stem of 2-month-old patchouli seedlings in each pot. Five separate pots were used for each isolate and plants inoculated with sterile agar plus were served as controls. All plants were covered with plastic bags to maintain 90% relative humidity and kept at 26°C with a photoperiod of 12 h in a greenhouse conditions. The patchouli plants developed similar necrotic symptoms on basal stem and root to those observed in the field after 3 weeks after inoculation, whereas the control plants were asymptomatic. M. vaccinii was reisolated from inoculated plants and identify by morphological and molecular characteristics, fulfill the Koch's postulates and identify. Recently, stem blight on blueberry caused by M. vaccinii was reported in China (Zhao et al. 2019). To our knowledge, this is the first report of M. vaccinii causing basal stem and root rot on patchouli in China and worldwide.

5.
Hepatology ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536297

RESUMO

We appreciate the interest of Zhai and colleagues in our article recently published in Hepatology on the association between serum levels of total, free, and bioavailable 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) survival(1) . They raised three important points, especially the last two, which allow us to further evaluate the predictive performance of bioavailable 25OHD for HCC prognosis.

6.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5323, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493722

RESUMO

The role of intestine clock in energy homeostasis remains elusive. Here we show that mice with Bmal1 specifically deleted in the intestine (Bmal1iKO mice) have a normal phenotype on a chow diet. However, on a high-fat diet (HFD), Bmal1iKO mice are protected against development of obesity and related abnormalities such as hyperlipidemia and fatty livers. These metabolic phenotypes are attributed to impaired lipid resynthesis in the intestine and reduced fat secretion. Consistently, wild-type mice fed a HFD during nighttime (with a lower BMAL1 expression) show alleviated obesity compared to mice fed ad libitum. Mechanistic studies uncover that BMAL1 transactivates the Dgat2 gene (encoding the triacylglycerol synthesis enzyme DGAT2) via direct binding to an E-box in the promoter, thereby promoting dietary fat absorption. Supporting these findings, intestinal deficiency of Rev-erbα, a known BMAL1 repressor, enhances dietary fat absorption and exacerbates HFD-induced obesity and comorbidities. Moreover, small-molecule targeting of REV-ERBα/BMAL1 by SR9009 ameliorates HFD-induced obesity in mice. Altogether, intestine clock functions as an accelerator in dietary fat absorption and targeting intestinal BMAL1 may be a promising approach for management of metabolic diseases induced by excess fat intake.

7.
Biomed J ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia is a common extrahepatic manifestation in chronic liver disease. However, there have been rare studies of impacts of risk for hepatitis C virus-associated thrombocytopenia (HCV-TP) and hepatitis B virus-associated thrombocytopenia (HBV-TP). The aim of this study is to evaluate different impacts of risk factors for HCV-TP and HBV-TP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected 1803 HCV patients and 1652 HBV patients to examine the risk factors for time to moderate and severe thrombocytopenia (platelet counts <100 × 109/L and <50 × 109/L, respectively) by Cox proportional hazards models. Moreover, we prospectively enrolled 63 HCV-TP patients, 11 HBV-TP patients, and 27 HCV controls to detect specific antiplatelet antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and analyze their effects. RESULTS: Prevalence of platelet <100 × 109/L was 11.86% and 6.35% in HCV and HBV patients without cancer history, respectively. HCV-to-HBV incidence rate ratio for thrombocytopenia was 6.95. Initial thrombocytopenia was the most significant risk factor for HCV-TP and HBV-TP regardless of thrombocytopenia severity. Splenomegaly and cirrhosis were significant risk factors for moderate, but not severe HCV-TP. Hyperbilirubinemia was an important moderate and severe HBV-TP risk factor. Antiplatelet antibodies were correlated with HCV-TP severity, of which anti-glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antibody being associated with smaller spleen size. This antiplatelet autoantibody might contribute thrombocytopenia either independently or with splenomegaly as the important risk in HCV-TP patients without advanced cirrhosis. CONCLUSION: HCV was associated with higher thrombocytopenia incidence than HBV. Thrombocytopenia risk factors varied with virus type and severity. Different management for HCV-TP and HBV-TP was suggested.

8.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(10): 328, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495380

RESUMO

HKUST-1 MOFs and its derivative HKUST-CuO were coupled with TiO2 nanoparticles to form the heterogeneous composites of HKUST-1/TiO2 and HKUST-CuO/TiO2 based on their well-suitable bandgap energies (Eg). Compared with mono-component HKUST-1 or HKUST-CuO, the prepared composites displayed photoelectrochemical (PEC) response due to the synergistic effect from their heterogeneous structure. Higher photocurrent response was obtained on HKUST-CuO/TiO2-modified ITO electrode (HKUST-CuO/TiO2/ITO), which could be attributed to the hollow structure with a thin shell of HKUST-CuO greatly enhancing visible spectra harvesting. The CuO component in HKUST-CuO not only could accelerate electron transfer on the heterojunction interface but also effectively separate the photo-generated charge carriers (e-1/h+). Based on the excellent PEC performance of prepared photoactive composite material, under visible-light excitation (λ ≥ 420 nm) and with a working potential of 0 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), the S1 (probe DNA)/HKUST-CuO/TiO2/ITO PEC platform was successfully fabricated for colitoxin DNA detection without using ascorbic acid (AA) as an electron donor. Compared with the analysis results on S1/HKUST-1/TiO2/ITO electrode, S1/HKUST-CuO/TiO2/ITO displayed a wider linear response range from 1.0 × 10-6 to 4.0 × 10-1 nM with a lower detection limit of 3.73 × 10-7 nM (S/N = 3), the linear regression equation was ΔI (10-6 A) =0.5549-0.1858 log (CS2/M), which confirmed the HKUST-CuO could improve sensitivity because of its prominent PEC property. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of the PEC sensor for target DNA detection of 2.0 × 10-4 nM was 7.4%. The proposed DNA biosensor also possessed good specificity and stability. Hence, this reported work was a promising strategy for molecular diagnosis in the bio-analysis field. (A) Schematic illustration of the preparation process of the proposed PEC biosensors for colitoxin DNA detection. (B) The preparation process of HKUST-1 and HKUST-CuO.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505945

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Obtaining tumour-free margins is critical for avoiding re-excision and reducing local recurrence following breast-conserving surgery; however, it remains challenging. Imaging-guided surgery provides precise detection of residual lesions and assists surgical resection. Herein, we described water-soluble melanin nanoparticles (MNPs) conjugated with cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD) peptides for breast cancer photoacoustic imaging (PAI) and surgical navigation. METHODS: The cRGD-MNPs were synthesised and characterized for morphology, photoacoustic characteristics and stability. Tumour targeting and toxicity of cRGD-MNPs were determined by using either breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-231 tumour-bearing mice or the FVB/N-Tg (MMTV-PyVT) 634Mul/J mice model. PAI was used to locate the tumour and guide surgical resection in MDA-MB-231 tumour-bearing mice. RESULTS: The cRGD-MNPs exhibited excellent in vitro and in vivo tumour targeting with low toxicity. Intravenous administration of cRGD-MNPs to MDA-MB-231 tumour-bearing mice showed an approximately 2.1-fold enhancement in photoacoustic (PA) intensity at 2 h, and the ratio of the PA intensity at the tumour site to that in the surrounding normal tissue was 3.2 ± 0.1, which was higher than that using MNPs (1.7 ± 0.3). Similarly, the PA signal in the spontaneous breast cancer increased ~ 2.5-fold at 2 h post-injection of cRGD-MNPs in MMTV-PyVT transgenic mice. Preoperative PAI assessed tumour volume and offered three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction images for accurate surgical planning. Surgical resection following real-time PAI showed high consistency with histopathological analysis. CONCLUSION: These results highlight that cRGD-MNP-mediated PAI provide a powerful tool for breast cancer imaging and precise tumour resection. cRGD-MNPs with fine PA properties have great potential for clinical translation.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515933

RESUMO

Brassinosteroids (BRs) are growth-promoting hormones that exhibit high biological activities across various plant species. BRs shield plants against various abiotic stresses. In the present study, the effect of BRs against aluminum (Al) toxicity was investigated through seed priming with 24-epibrassinolide (0.01 µM) in two different rice cultivars. BRs application was found effective in confronting plants from Al toxicity (400 µM). The rice seeds primed with BRs showed enhancement in seed germination energy, germination percentage, root and shoot length, as well as fresh and dry weight under Al-absence and Al-stressed conditions as compared to water-priming. Especially under Al stress, BRs priming promoted the growth of rice seedlings more obviously. Al toxicity significantly increased the Al contents in seedling root and shoot, as well as the MDA concentration, H2O2 production, and the activities of antioxidative enzymes including ascorbate peroxidase, catalase, and peroxidase. Meanwhile, the photosynthetic pigments of seedling reduced under Al stress. When compared to sensitive cultivar (CY-927), these modifications were more obvious in the tolerant variety (YLY-689). Surprisingly, BRs were able to alleviate the Al injury by lowering MDA and H2O2 level and increasing antioxidant activities and photosynthetic pigments under Al stress. The results on antioxidant activities were further validated by gene expression study of SOD-Cu-Zn, SOD-Fe2, CATa, CATb, APX02, and APX08. It suggested that BRs were responsible for the mitigation of Al stress in rice seedlings by inducing antioxidant activities with an effective response to other seed growth parameters and reduced Al uptake under induced metal stress.

11.
Chem Asian J ; 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546651

RESUMO

Process intensification, targeting the maximization of spatial-temporal productivity utilizing minimum energy and resources has always been the constant trends especially in chemical industry. In this regard, tandem reactions that are able to perform a multi-step reaction in a single pot by eliminating costly separation steps have been viewed as a typical paradigm. However, a spatial isolation of varied active sites with a controlled manner in a single catalyst to avoid deactivation and work synergistically is a challenging problem yet sometimes being overlooked. In this work, a spatial base-metal core-shell structured catalyst with wrinkled surface was successfully fabricated by a direct homoepitaxial growth method in an acid/water system, which exhibited increased hydrophobicity, exposure of active sites and significantly improved product selectivity towards one-pot Knoevenagel condensation-hydrogenation tandem reaction compared with the uncoated catalyst. Meanwhile, the catalytic performance was largely retained and the structural stability was maintained even after successive 8 cycles, which shows great promise for industrial applications.

12.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 426, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reproduction in most flowering plants may be limited because of the decreased visitation or activity of pollinators in fragmented habitats. Hedysarum scoparium Fisch. et Mey. is an arid region shrub with ecological importance. We explored the pollen limitation and seed set of Hedysarum scoparium in fragmented and restored environments, and examined whether pollen limitation is a significant limiting factor for seed set. We also compared floral traits and pollinator visitation between both habitats, and we determined the difference of floral traits and pollinators influenced reproductive success in Hedysarum scoparium. RESULTS: Our results indicated that supplementation with pollen significantly increased seed set per flower, which is pollen-limited in this species. Furthermore, there was greater seed set of the hand cross-pollination group in the restored habitat compared to the fragmented environment. More visits by Apis mellifera were recorded in the restored habitats, which may explain the difference in seed production between the fragmented and restored habitats. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, a positive association between pollinator visitation frequency and open flower number was observed. The findings of this study are important for experimentally quantifying the effects of floral traits and pollinators on plant reproductive success in different habitats.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3034-3042, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467693

RESUMO

To explore the mechanism of anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium based on network pharmacology and inflammatory or pain mouse models. The effective components of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium were screened out by TCMSP database. And their potential corresponding targets were predicted by PharmMapper software. The possible targets relating to inflammation and pain were mainly collected through DrugBank, TTD and DisGeNET databases. The "active ingredient-gene-disease" network diagram was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.0 software. The network pharmacology results showed 5 potential effective compounds, which were related to 29 targets; 132 targets relating to inflammation and pain were screened out in the DrugBank, TTD and DisGeNET databases. The network analysis results indicated that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma isoform(PIK3 CG) gene may be the key to the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium. The anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of essential oil extract and dichloromethane extract of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium were explored through the mouse model of inflammation induced by xylene or carrageenan and the mouse model of pain induced by acetic acid or formalin. The experimental results showed that essential oil extract and dichloromethane extract of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium could reduce xylene-induced ear swelling and carrageenan-induced paw swelling and decrease the number of writhing responses in mice induced by acetic acid and the licking foot time of mice in phase Ⅱ induced by formalin. Western blot results showed that Zanthoxyli Pericarpium extract could inhibit the expressions of PIK3 CG, phosphonated nuclear factor kappaB(p-NF-κB) and phosphonated p38(p-p38 MAPK) protein. The present study showed the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium through multiple components and targets, so as to provide a pharmacodynamic basis for the study of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium and its mechanism.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Óleos Voláteis , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/genética , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476689

RESUMO

In the context of the continuous development of urbanization and global climate change, urban flooding risk has become a well-publicized research issue. The Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) performs very well in urban rain-runoff simulations and is widely used to build flood models in specific areas. Because of the complicated and tedious processing work for urban flood modeling and simulation, multifield participants' cooperation is becoming a trend. To promote the research and application of flood modeling and simulation, some resource sharing-oriented systems and platforms have been proposed with the advantages of network technology. However, they still require a participatory environment that can help modeling participants overcome the difficulties of distributed cooperation in the process of SWMM-based flood modeling and simulation. Therefore, we designed and implemented an online participatory system to coordinate the effective collaboration of modeling participants in this process. By referring to the scenarios and specific participatory demands in the modeling process, the system provides a guiding framework that consists of multiple participatory activities and prepares a series of online auxiliary tools designed for these activities. Using the main urban area of Lishui City as the study area, it was confirmed that the process of SWMM-based flood modeling and simulation can be demonstrated collaboratively on the online participatory system developed in this study.

15.
J Refract Surg ; 37(9): 616-622, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506238

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the precision of a new spectral-domain optical coherence tomographer (SD-OCT)/Placido topographer (MS-39; CSO) and its comparison with a swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) biometer (Argos; Movu, Inc) in patients with cataract. METHODS: Fifty-three right eyes from 53 patients were examined by two experienced operators three times using both devices randomly. Employing the within-subject standard deviation (Sw), test-retest variability, coefficient of variation, and intraclass correlation coefficient to evaluate intraoperator repeatability and interoperator reproducibility; the double-angle plots to analyze astigmatism; and Bland-Altman plots and 95% limits of agreement to verify the agreement between devices. RESULTS: The SD-OCT/Placido tomographer showed high precision, with coefficient of variation of 0.44% or less, intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.945 or greater for all parameters, test-retest variability of 4.21 µm or less for central corneal thickness (CCT), 0.03 mm or less for anterior chamber depth (ACD) and aqueous depth (AQD), and 0.25 diopters (D) or less for mean keratometry (Km), J0, and J45. The inter-device differences in Km, J0, and J45 were statistically insignificant, whereas the remaining were statistically but not clinically significant. The 95% limits of agreement of CCT, ACD, AQD, Km, J0, and J45 were -3.70 to 15.25 µm, -0.06 to 0.04 mm, -0.06 to 0.04 mm, -0.28 to 0.35 D, -0.27 to 0.26 D, and -0.27 to 0.21 D, respectively. The double-angle plot confirmed the high agreement in astigmatism. CONCLUSIONS: For CCT, ACD, AQD, Km, and astigmatism measurements in patients with cataract, the new SD-OCT/Placido tomographer has excellent precision and high agreement with the Argos SS-OCT biometer, and can be used interchangeably. [J Refract Surg. 2021;37(9):616-622.].


Assuntos
Catarata , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Comprimento Axial do Olho , Biometria , Catarata/diagnóstico , Córnea , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520159

RESUMO

Rationally constructing single-atom enzymes (SAEs) with superior activity, robust stability, and good biocompatibility is crucial for tumor therapy but still remains a substantial challenge. In this work, we adopt biocompatible carbon dots as the carrier material to load Ru single atoms, achieving Ru SAEs with superior multiple enzyme-like activity and stability. Ru SAEs behave as oxidase, peroxidase, and glutathione oxidase mimics to synchronously catalyze the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the depletion of glutathione, thus amplifying the ROS damage and finally causing the death of cancer cells. Notably, Ru SAEs exhibit excellent peroxidase-like activity with a specific activity of 7.5 U/mg, which surpasses most of the reported SAEs and is 20 times higher than that of Ru/C. Theoretical results reveal that the electrons of the Ru 4d orbital in Ru SAEs are transferred to O atoms in H2O2 and then efficiently activate H2O2 to produce •OH. Our work may provide some inspiration for the design of SAEs for cancer therapy.

17.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 142: 107938, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479070

RESUMO

In this paper, a novel silicon-based light-addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS) has been designed for the detection of 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) in human serum. Reduced graphene oxide-chitosan-ferrocene (RGO-CS-Fc)/AuNPs nanohybrids and pyranose oxidase (PROD) enzyme is used to fabricate biological sensitive membrane unit by layer-by-layer assembly technology. When a bias voltage is provided to the LAPS system, the catalytic oxidation reaction between 1,5-AG and PROD to produce H2O2. The by-product H2O2 can oxidize Fc(Fe2+) ions in RGO-CS-Fc nanohybrids into Fc(Fe3+) ions, which cause the potential of the sensitive membrane surface to change and the potential shift of I-V curve will generate a corresponding offset response. Under the optimal conditions, the potential shift of the LAPS is linearly related to the concentration of 1,5-AG at 10 µg·mL-1 -350 µg·mL-1 with the correlation coefficient of 0.97414. The sensitivity is 0.44273 mV/µg·mL-1 and the lowest detection limit is 10 µg·mL-1. In addition, the biosensor showed good specificity, acceptable stability and satisfactory recovery rates (91.28%-107.66%), which would be a potential testing methods in actual clinical samples.

18.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e045655, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518248

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder that presents with abdominal pain/discomfort and altered bowel patterns. IBS has multiple potential causes for which conventional medicines have had limited success, resulting in a significant number of patients who do not sensitively respond to pharmacotherapy for a period of 12 months and who develop a continuing symptom profile (described as refractory IBS) and seek help through (non)pharmacological treatments. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy for refractory IBS on the basis of conventional treatments. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A total of 170 eligible patients who meet the Rome IV criteria for refractory IBS will be randomly allocated to receive acupuncture or sham acupuncture. Each patient will receive 12 sessions of acupuncture over 4 weeks and a 4-week follow-up. The primary outcome will be the IBS Symptom Severity Score. Secondary outcomes will include the proportion of participants experiencing adequate relief of global IBS symptoms, the weekly frequency of defecation, the stool properties assessed by the Bristol Grading Scale, the Work and Social Adjustment Scale, the IBS-Quality of Life score, and the Self-Rating Depression Scale and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale anxiety and depression scores. Outcome measures will be collected at baseline, 2 and 4 weeks of the intervention, and 6 and 8 weeks after the intervention. Categorical variables will be compared with Fisher's exact test or the Wilcoxon rank-sum test, and continuous variables will be compared using Student's t-test or the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The entire project has been approved by the ethics committees of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (2020BZYLL0507) and Sichuan Province Regional Institution for Conducting Research on Traditional Chinese Medicine (2020KL-025). The outcomes of the trial will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04276961.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150199, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520918

RESUMO

Flooded condition enhances arsenic (As) mobility in paddy soils, posing an imminent threat to food safety and human health. Hence, iron oxyhydroxide and iron oxyhydroxide sulfate-modified coal gangue (CG-FeOH and CG-FeOS) were synthesized for remediation of As-contaminated paddy soils under a flooded condition. Compared to the control, CG-FeOH and CG-FeOS application decreased the soil pH by 0.10-0.80 and 0.13-1.63 units, respectively. CG-FeOH and CG-FeOS application significantly (P < 0.05) decreased available As concentration by 13.46-43.44% and 21.31-54.37%, respectively. CG-FeOH and CG-FeOS significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the non-specifically adsorbed and specifically adsorbed As fractions and increased As(V) proportion by 22.61-26.53% and 29.10-36.51%, respectively. Our results showed that CG-FeOH and CG-FeOS could change As geochemical fraction and valence state, consequently reducing available As concentration in paddy soils. Moreover, the sulfate could enhance the oxidation and co-precipitation of As with CG-FeOH. Compared to CG-FeOH, CG-FeOS was more effective in decreasing available As concentration and oxidizing As(III) to As(V). This study revealed that CG-FeOS is a potential amendment for As immobilization in paddy soils.

20.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(15): 3403-3411, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522167

RESUMO

Herein, we purposed to explore whether hypoxia triggers proliferation of cholesteatoma keratinocytes via the PI3K-Akt signaling cascade. Cells were inoculated with different concentration of CoCl2. The proliferation and cellular HIF-1α, p-PDK1 and p­Akt expression levels of cholesteatoma keratinocytes were assessed in vitro. Hypoxia escalated cell proliferation via upregulating p-PDK1 and p­Akt expressions. Specific inhibitor of the PI3K-Akt signaling cascade, LY294002 markedly inhibited the expression of p­Akt and significantly reduces the hypoxia­induced proliferation of cholesteatoma keratinocytes. Our data provides research evidence confirming that hypoxia participates in the onset and progress of cholesteatoma.

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