Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.237
Filtrar
1.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426260

RESUMO

A novel triple helical-like complex [Dy2K2L3(NO3)2]·3DMF (1) based on a designed Schiff base N'1,N'3-bis((E)-3-ethoxy-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-malonohydrazide (H4L) was synthesized with good chemical and thermal stabilities. Single-crystal X-ray structural analysis showed that 1 presents a tetranuclear triple helical-like structure via the coordination mode of Dy : K : L with 2 : 2 : 3 stoichiometry. Fluorescence measurements showed that 1@EtOH has excellent fluorescence turn-on/off response ability for aluminium ions and 4,5-dimethyl-2-nitroaniline (DMNA) with outstanding selectivity, sensitivity, and anti-interference ability. The calculated limit of detection (LOD) values for 1@EtOH to Al3+ and DMNA were found to be 0.53 and 3.33 µM, respectively. Density functional theory (DFT) calculation showed that the fluorescence response mechanism can be explained by the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) mechanism; meanwhile, the inner filter effect (IFE) of DMNA can also affect the emission of 1@EtOH.

2.
Opt Lett ; 49(5): 1213-1216, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426976

RESUMO

In this Letter, the problems of achieving inter-CubeSat communication through radio frequency (RF) and lasers are explained, and the feasibility of using visible light communication to replace RF and lasers is investigated. On this basis, a novel, to the best of our knowledge, heterogeneous optical network with high flexibility is proposed, in which CubeSats are divided into clusters in pairs. CubeSats in each cluster utilize different optical modulation methods to achieve a compromise between optical power efficiency and spectral efficiency, as well as avoid inter-CubeSat interference. Furthermore, under the maximum power and minimum capacity constraints, a closed-form optical power allocation solution minimizing an overall bit error rate (BER) is investigated. Simulation results show that our proposed scheme is more preferred in practical systems and can achieve 3.8 dB gains compared to the conventional power allocation scheme at a BER of 10-4.

3.
Curr Probl Cancer ; 48: 101066, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364336

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognostic value of the peripheral blood lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) combined with 18F-FDG PET/CT for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: The clinical data of 203 patients with primary DLBCL who were hospitalized to the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang between January 2017 and December 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Before and after three courses of treatment, PET/CT was performed on forty DLBCL patients. The subject operating characteristic (ROC) curve has been employed to determine the most effective LMR cutoff points. According to the criteria for assessing the efficacy of Lugano lymphoma, the PET/CT findings after 3 courses of treatment were specified as complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR), stable disease (SD) and disease progression (PD). The CR group, PR+SD group, and PD group were the three groups created from the four outcomes. Results were analyzed using the Cox proportional risk model, the Kaplan-Meier method (K-M), and the log-rank test. RESULTS: An optimal cutoff point of 3.00 for the LMR in 203 patients was determined by the SPSS 26 software ROC curve. When LMR≥3.00, the 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year OS (Overall Survival) rates are 98%, 88%, and 64% respectively, and the PFS (Progression-free Survival) rates are 90%, 75%, and 56% respectively. When LMR <3.00, the 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year OS rates are 96%, 72%, and 28% respectively, and the PFS rates are 83%, 60%, and 28% respectively. A lower LMR was substantially related with shorter OS, and PFS, according to a K-M survival analysis (P<0.005). LMR<3.00 was an independent predictor of OS, based on a multifactorial Cox analysis (P=0.037). K-M survival analysis of the 18F-FDG PET/CT results of 40 patients revealed that both OS and PFS were statistically significant (P<0.001). Patients were separated into 3 groups combining LMR and 18F-FDG PET/CT: PET/CT CR patients with LMR≥3.00, PET/CT PD patients with LMR<3.00, and others. The Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that there were significant differences in OS and PFS for each of the three groups (P<0.001). ROC curves showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the combined testing of the two was 0.735, and the combined testing of the two was better compared to testing alone (PET/CT AUC=0.535, LMR AUC=0.567). This indicates that combining both PET/CT and LMR is a favorable prediction for DLBCL. CONCLUSION: A decreased LMR at initial diagnosis suggests an unfavorable prognosis for DLBCL patients; For patients with DLBCL, combining 18F-FDG PET/CT and the LMR has a better predictive value.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393568

RESUMO

Light is a basic requirement to drive carbon metabolism in plants and supports life on earth. Spectral quality greatly affects plant morphology, physiology, and metabolism of various biochemical pathways. Among visible light spectrum, red, blue, and green light wavelengths affect several mechanisms to contribute in plant growth and productivity. In addition, supplementation of red, blue, or green light with other wavelengths showed vivid effects on the plant biology. However, response of plants differs in different species and growing conditions. This review article provides a detailed view and interpretation of existing knowledge and clarifies underlying mechanisms that how red, blue, and green light spectra affect plant morpho-physiological, biochemical, and molecular parameters to make a significant contribution towards improved crop production, fruit quality, disease control, phytoremediation potential, and resource use efficiency.

5.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1247646, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38384296

RESUMO

Objective: Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) can alleviate pain to some extent, and several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have examined the efficacy of esketamine-assisted sufentanil in postoperative PCIA. In this research, we conducted a meta-analysis of relevant RCTs to compare the effect and safety of esketamine-sufentanil versus sufentanil alone for postoperative PCIA. Methods: We systematically searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, and other libraries up to December 2023 to screen out RCTs examining the use of esketamine combined with sufentanil for PCIA. We analysed analgesia scores, sedation scores, adverse drug reactions and postpartum depression scores as outcome indicators. Results: This meta-analysis included 32 RCTs. The results of the meta-analysis were as follows. 1) Visual Analog Scale: The VAS scores at 6, 12, 24, and 48 h were lower in the esketamine-sufentanil group than in the sufentanil alone group, and significant differences were found at all time points (p < 0.05). 2) Ramsay Sedation Scale: The sedation score of the esketamine-sufentanil group at 48 h after surgery was higher than that of the sufentanil group alone [mean difference (MD) = -0.09 points, confidence interval (CI): (-0.26, -0.07), p = 0.27], but this difference was not significant (p > 0.05). 3) Safety: Compared with sufentanil alone, the incidence rates of postoperative nausea-vomiting, dizziness-headache, skin pruritus and respiratory depression were significantly lower in the esketamine-sufentanil group. 4) Postartum depression: The reduction in postpartum depression scores were significantly greater in the esketamine-sufentanil group than in the sufentanil alone group at 3 days [MD = -1.35 points, CI: (-1.89, -0.81), p < 0.00001] and 7 days [MD = -1.29 points, CI: (-2.42, -0.16), p = 0.03]. Conclusion: The meta-analysis showed that the use of esketamine combined with sufentanil for postoperative PCIA could improve postoperative analgesia, alleviate postpartum depression and reduce the rate of postoperative adverse reactions, but there was no significant difference in sedation.

6.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38395601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early clinical trials validating endovascular therapy (EVT) for emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) ischemic stroke in the anterior circulation initially focused on patients with small or absent completed infarctions (ischemic cores) to maximize the probability of detecting a clinically meaningful and statistically significant benefit of EVT. Subsequently, real-world experience suggested that patients with large core ischemic strokes (LCS) at presentation may also benefit from EVT. Several large, retrospective, and prospective randomized clinical trials have recently been published that further validate this approach. These guidelines aim to provide an update for endovascular treatment of LCS. METHODS: A structured literature review of LCS studies available since 2019 and grading the strength and quality of the evidence was performed. Recommendations were made based on these new data by consensus of the authors, with additional input from the full SNIS Standards and Guidelines Committee and the SNIS Board of Directors. RESULTS: The management of ELVO strokes with large ischemic cores continues to evolve. The expert panel agreed on several recommendations: Recommendation 1: In patients with anterior circulation ELVO who present within 24 hours of last known normal with large infarct core (70-149 mL or ASPECTS 3-5) and meet other criteria of RESCUE-Japan LIMIT, SELECT2, ANGEL-ASPECT, TESLA, TENSION, or LASTE trials, thrombectomy is indicated (Class I, Level A). Recommendations 2-7 flow directly from recommendation 1. Recommendation 2: EVT in patients with LCS aged 18-85 years is beneficial (Class I, Level A). Recommendation 3: EVT in patients with LCS >85 years of age may be beneficial (Class I, Level B-R). Recommendation 4: Patients with LCS and NIHSS score 6-30 benefit from EVT in LCS (Class I, Level A). Recommendation 5: Patients with LCS and NIHSS score <6 and >30 may benefit from EVT in LCS (Class IIa, Level A). Recommendation 6: Patients with LCS and low baseline mRS (0-1) benefit from EVT (Class I, Level A). Recommendation 7: Patients with LCS and time of last known well 0-24 hours benefit from EVT (Class I, Level A). Recommendation 8: It is recommended that patients with ELVO LCS who also meet the criteria for on-label or guideline-directed use of IV thrombolysis receive IV thrombolysis, irrespective of whether endovascular treatments are being considered (Class I, Level B-NR). CONCLUSIONS: The indications for endovascular treatment of ELVO strokes continue to expand and now include patients with large ischemic cores on presentation. Further prospective randomized studies, including follow-up to assess the population-based efficacy of treating patients with LCS, are warranted.

7.
Mech Ageing Dev ; : 111918, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401690

RESUMO

Interconnected, fundamental aging processes are central to many illnesses and diseases. Cellular senescence is a mechanism that halts the cell cycle in response to harmful stimuli. Senescent cells (SnCs) can emerge at any point in life, and their persistence, along with the numerous proteins they secrete, can negatively affect tissue function. Interventions aimed at combating persistent SnCs, which can destroy tissues, have been used in preclinical models to delay, halt, or even reverse various diseases. Consequently, the development of small-molecule senolytic medicines designed to specifically eliminate SnCs has opened potential avenues for the prevention or treatment of multiple diseases and age-related issues in humans. In this review, we explore the most promising approaches for translating small-molecule senolytics and other interventions targeting senescence in clinical practice. This discussion highlights the rationale for considering SnCs as therapeutic targets for diseases affecting individuals of all ages.

8.
Surgery ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal infection is a common complication of blunt abdominal trauma. Early detection and intervention can reduce the incidence of intra-abdominal infection and improve patients' prognoses. This study aims to construct a clinical model predicting postsurgical intra-abdominal infection after blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of 553 patients with blunt abdominal trauma from the Department of General Surgery of 7 medical centers (2011-2021). A 7:3 ratio was used to assign patients to the derivation and validation cohorts. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on whether intra-abdominal infection occurred after blunt abdominal trauma. Multivariate logistic regression and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression were used to select variables to establish a nomogram. The nomogram was evaluated, and the validity of the model was further evaluated by the validation cohort. RESULTS: A total of 113 were diagnosed with intra-abdominal infection (20.4%). Age, prehospital time, C-reactive protein, injury severity score, operation duration, intestinal injury, neutrophils, and antibiotic use were independent risk factors for intra-abdominal infection in blunt abdominal trauma patients (P < .05). The area under the receiver operating curve (area under the curve) of derivation cohort and validation cohort was 0.852 (95% confidence interval, 0.784-0.912) and 0.814 (95% confidence interval, 0.751-0.902). The P value for the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was .135 and .891 in the 2 cohorts. The calibration curve demonstrated that the nomogram had a high consistency between prediction and practical observation. The decision curve analysis also showed that the nomogram had a better potential for clinical application. To facilitate clinical application, we have developed an online at https://nomogramcgz.shinyapps.io/IAIrisk/. CONCLUSION: The nomogram is helpful in predicting the risk of postoperative intra-abdominal infection in patients with blunt abdominal trauma and provides guidance for clinical decision-making and treatment.

9.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(1): 49-58, 2024 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women have a 3% lifetime chance of developing an inguinal hernia, which is not as common in men. Due to its cosmetic benefits, single-incision laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (SIL-TAPP) inguinal hernia repair is becoming increasingly popular in the management of inguinal hernia in women. However, there are no studies comparing the safety and applicability of SIL-TAPP repair with conventional laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (CL-TAPP) inguinal hernia repair for the treatment of inguinal hernia in women. AIM: To compare the outcomes of SIL-TAPP and CL-TAPP repair in adult female patients with inguinal hernia and to estimate the safety and applicability of SIL-TAPP repair in adult female inguinal hernia patients. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the clinical information and follow-up data of female inguinal hernia patients who underwent SIL-TAPP inguinal hernia repair and those who underwent CL-TAPP inguinal hernia repair at the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from February 2018 to December 2020 and assessed the long-term and short-term outcomes of both cohorts. RESULTS: This study included 123 patients, with 71 undergoing SIL-TAPP repair and 52 undergoing CL-TAPP repair. The two cohorts of patients and inguinal hernia characteristics were similar, with no statistically meaningful difference. The rate of intraoperative inferior epigastric vessel injury was lower in patients in the SIL-TAPP cohort (0, 0%) than in patients in the CL-TAPP cohort (4, 7.7%) and was significantly different (P < 0.05). In addition, the median [interquartile range (IQR)] total hospitalization costs were significantly lower in patients in the SIL-TAPP cohort [$3287 (3218-3325)] than in patients in the CL-TAPP cohort [$3511 (3491-3599)]. Postoperatively, the occurrence rate of trocar site hernia was lower in the SIL-TAPP cohort (0, 0%) than in the CL-TAPP cohort (4, 7.7%), and the median (IQR) cosmetic score was significantly higher in the SIL-TAPP cohort [10 (10-10)] than in the CL-TAPP cohort [9 (9-10)]. CONCLUSION: SIL-TAPP repair did not increase the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications in female inguinal hernia patients. Moreover, female inguinal hernia patients who underwent SIL-TAPP repair had a lower probability of trocar site hernia and inferior epigastric vessel injury than female inguinal hernia patients who underwent CL-TAPP repair. In addition, female inguinal hernia patients who underwent SIL-TAPP repair reported a more aesthetically pleasing postoperative abdominal incision. Therefore, SIL-TAPP repair is a better option for the treatment of inguinal hernias in women.

10.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 152: 106448, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335649

RESUMO

Shear-thinning materials have held considerable promise as embolic agents due to their capability of transition between solid and liquid state. In this study, a laponite nanoclay (NC)/alginate gel embolic agent was developed, characterized, and studied for transcatheter based minimally invasive procedures. Both NC and alginate are biocompatible and FDA-approved. Due to electrostatic interactions, the NC/alginate gels exhibit shear-thinning properties that are desirable for transcatheter delivery. The unique shear-thinning nature of the NC/alginate gel allows it to function as a fluid-like substance during transcatheter delivery and as a solid-like embolic agent once deployed. To ensure optimal performance and safety in clinical applications, the rheological characteristics were thoroughly investigated to optimize the mechanical properties of the NC/alginate gel, including storage modulus, yield stress/strain, and thixotropy. To improve physicians' experience and enhance the predictability of gel delivery, a combination of experimental and theoretical approaches was used to assess the injection force required for successful delivery of the gel through clinically employed catheters. Overall, NC/alginate gel exhibited excellent stability and tunable injectability by optimizing the composition of each component. These findings highlight the gel's potential as a robust embolic agent for a wide range of minimally invasive procedures.

11.
Gut Microbes ; 16(1): 2309683, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312099

RESUMO

Diet-induced metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) is a prevalent metabolic disorder with limited effective interventions available. A novel approach to address this issue is through gut microbiota-based therapy. In our study, we utilized multi-omics analysis to identify Phocaeicola vulgatus (P. vulgatus) as a potential probiotic for the treatment of MASLD. Our findings from murine models clearly illustrate that the supplementation of P. vulgatus mitigates the development of MASLD. This beneficial effect is partly attributed to the metabolite 3-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid (3-HPAA) produced by P. vulgatus, which reduces the acetylation levels of H3K27 and downregulates the transcription of Squalene Epoxidase (SQLE), a rate-limiting enzyme in steroid biosynthesis that promotes lipid accumulation in liver cells. This study underscores the significant role of P. vulgatus in the development of MASLD and the critical importance of its metabolite 3-HPAA in regulating lipid homeostasis. These findings offer a promising avenue for early intervention therapy in the context of MASLD.


Assuntos
Bacteroides , Fígado Gorduroso , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Doenças Metabólicas , Animais , Camundongos , Histonas , Acetilação , Dieta , Progressão da Doença , Lipídeos
12.
Trials ; 25(1): 150, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38419030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recruitment of participants is the greatest risk to completion of most clinical trials, with 20-40% of trials failing to reach the targeted enrollment. This is particularly true of trials of central nervous system (CNS) therapies such as intervention for chronic stroke. The PISCES III trial was an invasive trial of stereotactically guided intracerebral injection of CTX0E03, a fetal derived neural stem cell line, in patients with chronic disability due to ischemic stroke. We report on the experience using a novel hybrid recruitment approach of a patient-facing portal to self-identify and perform an initial screen for general trial eligibility (tier 1), followed by phone screening and medical records review (tier 2) prior to a final in-person visit to confirm eligibility and consent. METHODS: Two tiers of screening were established: an initial screen of general eligibility using a patient-facing web portal (tier 1), followed by a more detailed screen that included phone survey and medical record review (tier 2). If potential participants passed the tier 2 screen, they were referred directly to visit 1 at a study site, where final in-person screening and consent were performed. Rates of screening were tracked during the period of trial recruitment and sources of referrals were noted. RESULTS: The approach to screening and recruitment resulted in 6125 tier 1 screens, leading to 1121 referrals to tier 2. The tier 2 screening resulted in 224 medical record requests and identification of 86 qualifying participants for referral to sites. The study attained a viable recruitment rate of 6 enrolled per month prior to being disrupted by COVID 19. CONCLUSIONS: A tiered approach to eligibility screening using a hybrid of web-based portals to self-identify and screen for general eligibility followed by a more detailed phone and medical record review allowed the study to use fewer sites and reduce cost. Despite the difficult and narrow population of patients suffering moderate chronic disability from stroke, this strategy produced a viable recruitment rate for this invasive study of intracranially injected neural stem cells. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03629275.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Registros Médicos
13.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0299008, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38421970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate systematically the efficacy of Kinesio taping (KT) on the knee function of individuals who undergo anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: This study was registered in PROSPERO (registration number CRD42023399885) on February 26, 2023. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the effects on the knee function of KT among individuals after ACLR were electronically searched from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and EBSCO from inception to July 02, 2023. The outcome measures included six continuous variables: quadriceps strength, hamstring strength, knee swelling, knee flexion angle, Lysholm knee function score, and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain scores. The Cochrane Risk Bias Assessment Tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included literature. RESULTS: Seven RCTs including 278 patients who underwent ACLR were included in the systematic review. One of three (33%) studies found a remarkable increase in quadricep strength associated with the use of KT compared with the control group. Two of two (100%) studies found substantial increases in hamstring strength associated with KT. Two of four (50%) studies reported KT reduced knee swelling. Two of five (40%) studies reported considerable improvements in knee flexion angle in the groups that used KT. All three (100%) studies found KT did not improve Lysholm knee function scores. Three of four (75%) studies noted a significant reduction in VAS pain scores associated with KT. CONCLUSION: KT may help improve hamstring strength and reduce knee swelling and pain in patients after ACLR. Further studies are needed to determine the effects of KT on quadricep strength and knee flexion angle.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38422367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Most existing fine-tuned biomedical large language models (LLMs) focus on enhancing performance in monolingual biomedical question answering and conversation tasks. To investigate the effectiveness of the fine-tuned LLMs on diverse biomedical natural language processing (NLP) tasks in different languages, we present Taiyi, a bilingual fine-tuned LLM for diverse biomedical NLP tasks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We first curated a comprehensive collection of 140 existing biomedical text mining datasets (102 English and 38 Chinese datasets) across over 10 task types. Subsequently, these corpora were converted to the instruction data used to fine-tune the general LLM. During the supervised fine-tuning phase, a 2-stage strategy is proposed to optimize the model performance across various tasks. RESULTS: Experimental results on 13 test sets, which include named entity recognition, relation extraction, text classification, and question answering tasks, demonstrate that Taiyi achieves superior performance compared to general LLMs. The case study involving additional biomedical NLP tasks further shows Taiyi's considerable potential for bilingual biomedical multitasking. CONCLUSION: Leveraging rich high-quality biomedical corpora and developing effective fine-tuning strategies can significantly improve the performance of LLMs within the biomedical domain. Taiyi shows the bilingual multitasking capability through supervised fine-tuning. However, those tasks such as information extraction that are not generation tasks in nature remain challenging for LLM-based generative approaches, and they still underperform the conventional discriminative approaches using smaller language models.

16.
J Biol Chem ; 300(3): 105714, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309502

RESUMO

Inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC) efficiently promoted the self-renewal of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). However, information about the function of PKC inhibition remains lacking. Here, RNA-sequencing showed that the addition of Go6983 significantly inhibited the expression of de novo methyltransferases (Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b) and their regulator Dnmt3l, resulting in global hypomethylation of DNA in mouse ESCs. Mechanistically, PR domain-containing 14 (Prdm14), a site-specific transcriptional activator, partially contributed to Go6983-mediated repression of Dnmt3 genes. Administration of Go6983 increased Prdm14 expression mainly through the inhibition of PKCδ. High constitutive expression of Prdm14 phenocopied the ability of Go6983 to maintain` mouse ESC stemness in the absence of self-renewal-promoting cytokines. In contrast, the knockdown of Prdm14 eliminated the response to PKC inhibition and substantially impaired the Go6983-induced resistance of mouse ESCs to differentiation. Furthermore, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling and Western blotting revealed low levels of Suv39h1 and Suv39h2 in Go6983-treated mouse ESCs. Suv39h enzymes are histone methyltransferases that recognize dimethylated and trimethylated histone H3K9 specifically and usually function as transcriptional repressors. Consistently, the inhibition of Suv39h1 by RNA interference or the addition of the selective inhibitor chaetocin increased Prdm14 expression. Moreover, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay showed that Go6983 treatment led to decreased enrichment of dimethylation and trimethylation of H3K9 at the Prdm14 promoter but increased RNA polymerase Ⅱ binding affinity. Together, our results provide novel insights into the pivotal association between PKC inhibition-mediated self-renewal and epigenetic changes, which will help us better understand the regulatory network of stem cell pluripotency.

17.
J Neurotrauma ; 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326935

RESUMO

Hemorrhagic progression of contusion (HPC) often occurs early in cerebral contusions (CC) patients, significantly impacting their prognosis. It is vital to promptly assess HPC and predict outcomes for effective tailored interventions, thereby enhancing prognosis in CC patients. We utilized the Attention-3DUNet neural network to semi-automatically segment hematomas from computed tomography (CT) images of 452 CC patients, incorporating 695 hematomas. Subsequently, 1502 radiomic features were extracted from 358 hematomas in 261 patients. After a selection process, these features were used to calculate the radiomic signature (Radscore). The Radscore, along with clinical features such as medical history, physical examinations, laboratory results, and radiological findings, was employed to develop predictive models. For prognosis (discharge Glasgow Outcome Scale score), radiomic features of each hematoma were augmented and fused for correlation. We employed various machine learning methodologies to create both a combined model, integrating radiomics and clinical features, and a clinical-only model. Nomograms based on logistic regression were constructed to visually represent the predictive procedure, and external validation was performed on 170 patients from three additional centers. The results showed that for HPC, the combined model, incorporating hemoglobin levels, Rotterdam CT score of 3, multi-hematoma fuzzy sign, concurrent subdural hemorrhage, international normalized ratio, and Radscore, achieved area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values of 0.848 and 0.836 in the test and external validation cohorts, respectively. The clinical model predicting prognosis, utilizing age, Abbreviated Injury Scale for the head, Glasgow Coma Scale Motor component, Glasgow Coma Scale Verbal component, albumin, and Radscore, attained AUC values of 0.846 and 0.803 in the test and external validation cohorts, respectively. Selected radiomic features indicated that irregularly shaped and highly heterogeneous hematomas increased the likelihood of HPC, while larger weighted axial lengths and lower densities of hematomas were associated with a higher risk of poor prognosis. Predictive models that combine radiomic and clinical features exhibit robust performance in forecasting HPC and the risk of poor prognosis in CC patients. Radiomic features complement clinical features in predicting HPC, although their ability to enhance the predictive accuracy of the clinical model for adverse prognosis is limited.

18.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 17(4): 461-470, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a method for evaluating fractional flow reserve without the use of an invasive coronary pressure wire or pharmacological hyperemic agent. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic implications of QFR and plaque characteristics in patients who underwent intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided treatment for intermediate lesions. METHODS: Among the IVUS-guided strategy group in the FLAVOUR (Fractional Flow Reserve and Intravascular Ultrasound for Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Intermediate Stenosis) trial, vessels suitable for QFR analysis were included in this study. High-risk features were defined as low QFR (≤0.90), quantitative high-risk plaque characteristics (qn-HRPCs) (minimal lumen area ≤3.5 mm2, or plaque burden ≥70%), and qualitative high-risk plaque characteristics (ql-HRPCs) (attenuated plaque, positive remodeling, or plaque rupture) assessed using IVUS. The primary clinical endpoint was target vessel failure (TVF), defined as a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization. RESULTS: A total of 415 (46.1%) vessels could be analyzable for QFR. The numbers of qn-HRPCs and ql-HRPCs increased with decreasing QFR. Among deferred vessels, those with 3 high-risk features exhibits a significantly higher risk of TVF compared with those with ≤2 high-risk features (12.0% vs 2.7%; HR: 4.54; 95% CI: 1.02-20.29). CONCLUSIONS: Among the IVUS-guided deferred group, vessels with qn-HRPC and ql-HRPC with low QFR (≤0.90) exhibited a significantly higher risk for TVF compared with those with ≤2 features. Integrative assessment of angiography-derived fractional flow reserve and anatomical and morphological plaque characteristics is recommended to improve clinical outcomes in patients undergoing IVUS-guided deferred treatment.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Placa Aterosclerótica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Angiografia Coronária , Resultado do Tratamento , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/terapia
19.
Mol Med Rep ; 29(4)2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38391117

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is the primary cause of drug­induced acute liver failure in numerous Western countries. NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation serves a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of various forms of acute liver injury. However, the cellular source for NLRP3 induction and its involvement during APAP­induced hepatotoxicity have not been thoroughly investigated. In the present study, hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to assess histopathological changes of liver tissue. Immunohistochemistry staining(NLRP3, Caspase­1, IL­1ß, GSDMD and Caspase­3), western blotting (NLRP3, Caspase­1, IL­1ß, GSDMD and Caspase­3) and RT­qPCR (NLRP3, Caspase­1 and IL­1ß) were performed to assess the expression of NLRP3/GSDMD signaling pathway. TUNEL staining was performed to assess apoptosis of liver tissue. The serum expression levels of inflammatory factors (IL­6, IL­18, IL­1ß and TNF­α) were assessed using ELISA and inflammation of liver tissue was assessed using immunohistochemistry (Ly6G and CD68) and RT­qPCR (TNF­α, Il­6, Mcp­1, Cxcl­1, Cxcl­2). A Cell Counting Kit­8 was performed to assess cell viability and apoptosis. Protein and gene expression were analyzed by western blotting (PCNA, CCND1) and RT­qPCR (CyclinA2, CyclinD1 and CyclinE1). Through investigation of an APAP­induced acute liver injury model (AILI), the present study demonstrated that APAP overdose induced activation of NLRP3 and cleavage of gasdermin D (GSDMD) in hepatocytes, both in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, mice with hepatocyte­specific knockout of Nlrp3 exhibited reduced liver injury and lower mortality following APAP intervention, accompanied by decreased infiltration of inflammatory cells and attenuated inflammatory response. Furthermore, pharmacological blockade of NLRP3/GSDMD signaling using MCC950 or disulfiram significantly ameliorated liver injury and reduced hepatocyte death. Notably, hepatocyte Nlrp3 deficiency promoted liver recovery by enhancing hepatocyte proliferation. Collectively, the present study demonstrated that inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome protects against APAP­induced acute liver injury by reducing hepatocyte pyroptosis and suggests that targeting NLRP3 may hold therapeutic potential for treating AILI.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Camundongos , Animais , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Piroptose , Caspase 3 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Interleucina-6 , Hepatócitos/metabolismo
20.
Small ; : e2310768, 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342671

RESUMO

There is a noticeable gap in the literature regarding research on halogen-substitution-regulated ferroelectric semiconductors featuring multiple phase transitions. Here, a new category of 1D perovskite ferroelectrics (DFP)2 SbX5 (DFP+ = 3,3-difluoropyrrolidium, X- = I- , Br- , abbreviated as I-1 and Br-2) with twophase transitions (PTs) is reported. The first low-temperature PT is a mmmFmm2 ferroelectric PT, while the high-temperature PT is a counterintuitive inverse temperature symmetry-breaking PT. By the substitution of iodine with bromine, the Curie temperature (Tc) significantly increases from 348 K of I-1 to 374 K of Br-2. Their ferroelectricity and pyroelectricity are improved (Ps value from 1.3 to 4.0 µC cm-2 , pe value from 0.2 to 0.48 µC cm-2  K-1 for I-1 and Br-2), while their optical bandgaps increased from 2.1 to 2.7 eV. A critical slowing down phenomenon is observed in the dielectric measurement of I-1 while Br-2 exhibits the ferroelastic domain. Structural and computational analyses elucidate that the order-disorder movement of cations and the distortion of the chain perovskite [SbX5 ]2- anions skeleton lead to PT. The semiconductor properties are determined by [SbX5 ]2- anions. The findings contribute to the development of ferroelectric semiconductors and materials with multiple PTs and provide materials for potential applications in the optoelectronic field.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...