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1.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471682

RESUMO

A new near-infrared-based photothermal immunosensing strategy was developed for the sensitive and feasible detection of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) by use of a Prussian blue nanoparticle-based photothermal conversion system. Prussian blue nanospheres synthesized by the one-pot method were used for the labeling of anti-HCG detection antibody. A sandwich-type immunoreaction was initially conducted on a monoclonal anti-HCG antibody-coated microplate with a nanoparticle-labeled signal antibody. Accompanying formation of the sandwiched immunocomplex, Prussian blue nanospheres caused photothermal conversion under 980-nm laser irradiation, thereby resulting in an increase of the temperature of the detection system measured by a portable digital thermometer. The properties and factors influencing the analytical performance of the photothermal immunoassay were studied in detail. Under the optimal conditions, the Prussian blue nanoparticle-based photothermal immunoassay exhibited good temperature responses relative to target HCG concentrations within the dynamic range of 0.01-100 ng mL-1 at a low detection limit of 5.8 pg mL-1. This system also displayed good anti-interference behavior with regard to other cancer biomarkers, good reproducibility, and relatively long storage stability. The method accuracy was evaluated for analysis of human serum specimens, giving results that matched well with those obtained with a commercial HCG enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Importantly, this protocol is promising for advanced development of photothermal immunoassays. Graphical abstract.

2.
Clin Exp Med ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493275

RESUMO

The poor prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients is mainly due to cancer metastasis. Methionine adenosyltransferase 2ß (MAT2B) encodes a regulatory subunit (ß) for methionine adenosyltransferase. Previous studies reveal that MAT2B provides a growth advantage for HCC, but its role in metastasis is unknown. This study showed that both in the xenograft zebra fish model and in the lung metastasis model in nude mice, the stable inhibition of MAT2B could suppress the metastasis of HCC cancer cells. Silencing of MAT2B in HCC cell lines could remarkably inhibit migration and invasion. By analysis of human phospho-kinase array membranes, we found several differentially expressed proteins, including phosphor-AKT, phospho-EGFR, phospho-Src family, phospho-FAK, phospho-STAT3 and phospho-ERK. We further confirmed the change of these EGFR pathway-related proteins was in accordance with MAT2B expression pattern through immunoblotting test. Finally, we found that MAT2B was overexpressed in HCC caner tissues and correlated with poor prognosis for HCC patients in clinical manifestation. Our study demonstrated that silencing of MAT2B could suppress liver cancer cell migration and invasion through the inhibition of EGFR signaling, which suggested that MAT2B might serve as a new prognostic marker and therapeutic target for HCC.

3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 762, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Avian influenza A (H5N6) virus poses a great threat to the human health since it is capable to cross the species barrier and infect humans. Although human infections are believed to largely originate from poultry contaminations, the transmissibility is unclear and only limited information was available on poultry environment contaminations, especially in Fujian Province. METHODS: A total of 4901 environmental samples were collected and tested for Avian Influenza Virus (AIV) from six cities in Fujian Province through the Fujian Influenza Surveillance System from 2013 to 2017. Two patient-related samples were taken from Fujian's first confirmed H5N6 human case and his backyard chicken feces in 2017. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability test was used to compare the AIV and the viral subtype positive rates among samples from different Surveillance cities, surveillance sites, sample types, and seasons. Phylogenetic tree analysis and molecular analysis were conducted to track the viral transmission route of the human infection and to map out the evolutions of H5N6 in Fujian. RESULTS: The overall positive rate of the H5 subtype AIVs was 4.24% (208/4903). There were distinctive differences (p < 0.05) in the positive rates in samples from different cities, sample sites, sample types and seasons. The viruses from the patient and his backyard chicken feces shared high homologies (99.9-100%) in all the eight gene segments. Phylogenetic trees also showed that these two H5N6 viruses were closely related to each other, and were classified into the same genetic clade 2.3.4.4 with another six H5N6 isolates from the environmental samples. The patient's H5N6 virus carried genes from H6N6, H5N8 and H5N6 viruses originated from different areas. The R294K or N294S substitution was not detected in the neuraminidase (NA). The S31 N substitution in the matrix2 (M2) gene was detected but only in one strain from the environmental samples. CONCLUSIONS: The H5 subtype of AIVs has started circulating in the poultry environments in Fujian Province. The patient's viral strain originated from the chicken feces in his backyard. Genetic reassortment in H5N6 viruses in Fujian Province was indicated. The H5N6 viruses currently circulating in Fujian Province were still commonly sensitive to Oseltamivir and Zanamivir, but the resistance against Amantadine has emerged.

4.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 204: 107516, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outcome of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) varies in each patient with opioid use disorder (OUD). Opioid abuse activates proinflammatory processes by increasing cytokine production and impairing neurotrophic factor expression, and possibly leads to a vicious cycle that hinders recovery. Therefore, we investigated whether markers of inflammation and neurotrophic expression correlate with the MMT outcomes in OUD patients. METHOD: We investigated OUD patients undergoing MMT and followed them up for 12 weeks. We measured plasma tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), urinary morphine tests, and plasma morphine levels at baseline and on weeks 1, 4, 8, and 12 during MMT. Multiple linear regressions and generalized estimating equations (GEEs) were used to examine the correlation between the cytokine and BDNF levels and MMT outcomes. RESULTS: We initially enrolled 104 patients, but only 78 patients completed end-of-study assessments. Plasma levels of CRP, TGF-ß1, and BDNF fell during MMT. Plasma IL-6 levels were significantly associated with plasma morphine levels (P = 0.005) and urinary morphine-positive (+) results (P = 0.04), and significantly associated with poor compliance (P = 0.009) and early dropout from MMT (P = 0.001). However, other cytokine and BDNF levels were not consistently associated with MMT outcomes. CONCLUSION: Higher IL-6 levels were associated with poor MMT outcomes. Additional studies on regulating IL-6 expression to improve treatment outcomes in OUD patients might be warranted.

5.
Lab Invest ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506635

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder and is characterized by severe neuronal loss. Necroptosis, or programmed cell necrosis, is mediated by the receptor interacting protein kinase-1 and -3/mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (RIP1/RIP3/MLKL) pathway, and is involved in several neurodegenerative diseases. Here we aimed to explore the involvement of necroptosis in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride (MPTP)-induced PD and determine the potential mechanisms. We found that the protein levels of RIP1, RIP3, and MLKL increased significantly in a MPTP-induced mouse PD model. High expression of RIP1/RIP3/MLKL was associated with severe loss of dopaminergic neurons. Pretreatment with necrostatin-1 or the knockout of the RIP3/MLKL gene to block necroptosis pathway dramatically ameliorated PD by increasing dopamine levels and rescuing the loss of dopaminergic neurons, independent of the apoptotic pathway. Moreover, upregulation of inflammatory cytokines in MPTP-treated mice was partially inhibited by deletion of RIP3 or MLKL gene, indicating that a positive feedback loop exists between these genes and inflammatory cytokines. Our data indicate that RIP1/RIP3/MLKL-mediated necroptosis is involved in the pathogenesis of MPTP-induced PD. Downregulating the expression of RIP1, RIP3, or MLKL can significantly attenuate MPTP-induced PD. Future therapy targeting necroptosis may be a promising new option.

6.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 85: 46-55, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471030

RESUMO

Natural bacterial isolates from heavily contaminated sites may evolve diverse tolerance strategies, including biosorption, efflux mechanism, and intracellular precipitation under the continually increased stress of toxic lead (Pb) from anthropogenic activities. These strategies utilize a large variety of functional groups in biological macromolecules (e.g., exopolysaccharides (EPSs) and metalloproteins) and inorganic ligands, including carboxyl, phosphate and amide groups, for capturing Pb. The amount and type of binding sites carried by biologically originated materials essentially determines their performance and potential for Pb removal and remediation. Many factors, e.g., metal ion radius, electronegativity, the shape of the cell surface sheath, temperature and pH, are thought to exert significant influences on the abovementioned interactions with Pb. Conclusively, understanding the chemical basis of Pb-binding in these bacteria can allow for the development of effective microbial Pb remediation technologies and further elucidation of Pb cycling in the environment.


Assuntos
Chumbo , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo , Adaptação Fisiológica , Biodegradação Ambiental , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental
7.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478045

RESUMO

TfOH-mediated [4 + 2] cycloaddition of ynamides with nitriles to construct 1,2-dihydroquinazolines is realized by a direct reaction in moderate to excellent yields (up to 93%) in a stereospecific manner. A rapid and efficient strategy has been employed for the syntheses of alkyl-substituted 1,2-dihydroquinazoline derivatives, and it exhibits good functional group tolerance, has a short reaction time, shows excellent diastereoselectivity, and is a simple and high-yielding reaction.

8.
J Card Surg ; 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate an integrated model for the prenatal diagnosis and postnatal treatment of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2018, 11 patients were considered as a prenatally diagnosed group, who would accept the integrated model for prenatal diagnosis and postnatal treatment of TAPVC. Besides, 25 patients as postnatally diagnosed group underwent emergency surgery during the corresponding period at the same age. The perioperative status, survival and risk factors for death were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: In a prenatally diagnosed group, three pregnant women chose termination; eight patients followed the integrated model, and their newborns were rapidly transported to a children's hospital within 24 hours after birth. Other than one patient who was prenatally diagnosed with infracardiac type was later confirmed as a mixed type of TAPVC, the prenatal and postnatal diagnoses of the other seven patients were consistent. The 30-day, 1-year, and 5-year survival rates in the prenatally diagnosed group were 100%, 100%, and 100%, while those in the postnatally diagnosed group were 92%, 87.8%, and 87.8%, without significant difference (P > .05). Although Fisher's exact test indicated that an oxygen saturation <70% at admission might be an independent predictor of mortality (P < .01), none of the risk factors for death were significantly different by multivariate Cox regression analysis. CONCLUSION: The integrated model of prenatal diagnosis and postnatal treatment by multidisciplinary collaboration could lead to satisfactory outcomes, and prenatal diagnosis combined with postnatal oxygen saturation evaluation would facilitate early intervention for TAPVC.

9.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 154, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atypical manifestations, such as elevated serum immunoglobulin-G4 (IgG4) and extra-pulmonary IgG4 positive plasmacyte infiltration, have been described in patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), such complicated situation might not be readily differentiated from IgG4-related disease. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report an interesting and rare case of EGPA in a 41 year-old male with negative anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs), which showed abundant pulmonary IgG4-positive plasma cells infiltration and markedly elevated serum IgG4 levels without extra-pulmonary lesions of IgG4-related disease. The clinical characteristics hesitated us whether the diagnosis as EGPA overlapping with IgG4-related lung disease should be concluded because of the absence of storiform fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis with lymphoplasmacytic infiltration. The patient's systemic symptoms, pulmonary lesions, blood eosinophils count / percentage, and serum IgG4 levels were significantly improved with immunosuppressive therapy. CONCLUSIONS: We consider that the overlapping pathogenesis exists in the disease course of EGPA and IgG4-related disease, which may lead to interaction during the course of the diseases. And the utilization of diagnostic criteria for IgG4-related lung disease with the careful differentiation is needed in such cases.

10.
BMJ Open ; 9(8): e028350, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462468

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Sun glare is a serious driving hazard and increases crash risks. Relatively few studies have examined the effects of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities, given that a crash has occurred. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the effect of sun glare on pedestrian fatalities. DESIGN: A population-based case-control study. SETTING: Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: Using the Taiwan National Traffic Crash Data and sunrise and sunset data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for the period 2003 to 2016, 100 411 pedestrians involved in crashes were identified. Of these crashes, 13 355 and 87 056 were glare-related (case) and non-glare-related (control) crashes, respectively. METHODS: To account for unobserved heterogeneity, mixed logit models were estimated to identify the determinants of pedestrian fatalities. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pedestrian fatalities. RESULTS: Pedestrians involved in glare-related crashes were more likely to be fatally injured than those in non-glare-related crashes (ß=0.527; t=3.21). Other contributory factors to fatal injuries among pedestrians were older pedestrians (ß=0.553; t=2.33), male drivers (ß=0.324; t=2.33), older drivers (ß=0.218; t=2.14), intoxicated motorists (ß=0.606; t=2.85), rural roadways (ß=0.985; t=3.92), overtaking manoeuvres (ß=0.472; t=3.58), heavy vehicle crash partners (ß=0.248; t=2.78) and sunset hours (ß=0.274; t=3.08). Walking against traffic appeared beneficial for decreasing injury severity (ß=-0.304; t=-2.76). CONCLUSIONS: Sun glare is associated with pedestrian fatalities. Older pedestrians, male drivers, older drivers and intoxicated motorists are prevalent determinants of pedestrian fatalities in glare-related crashes.

11.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-9, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460799

RESUMO

Background: This paper purports to use a meta-analysis to compare the postoperative quality of life (QoL) and nutritional status of between Roux-en-Y (R-Y) and Billroth-I (B-I) reconstruction after distal gastrectomy. Methods: For this study, the following databases were searched for articles published from inception until December 2018: PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library. Results: A total of 13 eligible studies, covering 3645 patients, were selected for a meta-analysis. The analysis showed that compared with B-I group in term of short-term outcomes, patients undergoing R-Y reconstruction did not only have significantly better physiological function (P = 0.02), but had significantly less pain (P = 0.04). In the long-term outcomes, the dyspnea and constipation in the B-I group were worse than that in the R-Y group (P = 0.004; P = 0.04, respectively). Patients in the B-I group had higher cholesterol than those in the R-Y group at 5 years postoperatively (P = 0.003). There were no significant differences in termof other nutritional indicators including total protein, cholesterol, albumin, hemoglobin and weight in short-term outcomes. Conclusions: The final conclusion was that R-Y may be superior to the B-I reconstruction in some aspects of QoL. Besides, R-Y reconstruction could reduce the patient's cholesterol level for a long time. For the short-term outcomes, there were no significant differences in other common nutritional indicators.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4589056, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467892

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate and compare the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the right pars triangularis of the posterior inferior frontal gyrus (pIFG) and the right posterior superior temporal gyrus (pSMG) in global aphasia following subacute stroke. Methods: Fifty-four patients with subacute poststroke global aphasia were randomized to 15-day protocols of 20-minute inhibitory 1 Hz rTMS over either the right triangular part of the pIFG (the rTMS-b group) or the right pSTG (the rTMS-w group) or to sham stimulation, followed by 30 minutes of speech and language therapy. Language outcomes were assessed by aphasia quotient (AQ) scores obtained from the Chinese version of the Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) at baseline and immediately after 3 weeks (15 days) of experimental treatment. Results: Forty-five patients completed the entire study. The primary outcome measures include the changes in WAB-AQ score, spontaneous speech, auditory comprehension, and repetition. These measures indicated significant main effect between the baseline of the rTMS-w, rTMS-b, and sham groups and immediately after stimulation (P<0.05). Compared with the sham group, the increases were significant for auditory comprehension, repetition, and AQ in the rTMS-w group (P<0.05), whereas the changes in repetition, spontaneous speech, and AQ tended to be higher in the rTMS-b group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Inhibitory rTMS targeting the right pIFG and pSTG can be an effective treatment for subacute stroke patients with global aphasia. The effect of rTMS may depend on the stimulation site. Low-frequency rTMS inhibited the right pSTG and significantly improved language recovery in terms of auditory comprehension and repetition, whereas LF-rTMS inhibited the right pIFG, leading to apparent changes in spontaneous speech and repetition.

13.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 121, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: By comparing the long-term prognostic outcomes after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and limited resection (LR), this study aimed to investigate the optimal surgical modality for duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). METHODS: Two authors independently searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for published articles comparing the long-term prognostic and clinicopathological factors of duodenal GIST patients undergoing PD versus LR. Relevant information was extracted and analyzed. RESULTS: After screening, 10 items comprising 623 cases were eventually included. This meta-analysis explicitly indicated that PD treatment was associated with worse long-term prognosis (hazard ratio = 1.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.39-2.69; p < 0.001; I2 = 0) and more complications (odds ratio [OR] = 2.90; 95% CI, 1.90-4.42; p < 0.001; I2 = 10%) than LR treatment. Nevertheless, for duodenal GISTs, PD was related to the following clinicopathological features: invasion of the second part of the duodenum (OR = 3.39; 95% CI, 1.69-6.79; p < 0.001; I2 = 50%), high-degree tumor mitosis (> 5/50 high-power fields; OR = 2.24; 95% CI, 1.42-3.52; p < 0.001; I2 = 0), and high-risk classification (OR = 3.17; 95% CI; 2.13-4.71; p < 0.001; I2 = 0). CONCLUSIONS: Since PD is associated with worse long-term prognosis and more complications, its safety and efficacy should be ascertained. Our findings recommend the use of LR to obtain negative incision margins when conditions permit it.

14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(16): 6286-6211, 2019 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446432

RESUMO

Different neoadjuvant chemotherapies are available for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Here, we performed a network meta-analysis to evaluate the pathological complete response (pCR) benefit and safety of treatment regimens. Pairwise and Bayesian network meta-analyses were performed to compare direct and indirect evidence, respectively. Twenty-three studies involving 12 regimens namely standard chemotherapeutic agents, bevacizumab (B)-, platinum salts (P)-, B plus P (BP)-, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (Pi)-, P plus Pi (PPi)-, capecitabine (Ca)-, gemcitabine (Ge)-, zoledronic acid (Za)-, everolimus (E)-, P plus E (PE)-, and gefitinib (G)-containing regimens. The results showed that P-, B-, PPi-, and Za-containing regimens achieved higher pCR than standard chemotherapeutic agents. BP-containing regimens had a better pCR than B-containing regimens. In indirect comparisons, Za-, BP-, P-, and B-containing regimens were the top four strategies with the highest probability for pCR. Benefit-risk analysis showed that B-containing regimens had the highest acceptability of being the best treatment for better pCR achievement with fewer SAEs. The addition of P, B, BP, PPi, and Za to standard chemotherapeutic agents enhanced the pCR, but a balance between efficacy and safety should be carefully considered. B-containing regimens might be the best choice for neoadjuvant chemotherapy due to its better efficacy and tolerability.

15.
Gene ; 716: 144031, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377314

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a novel class of widespread and diverse endogenous RNAs, have been identified as critical regulators of various cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the specific roles of circRNAs in HCC are largely unknown. In this study, we identified a novel circRNA, circ-IGF1R, in HCC tumour tissues and cell lines. Circ-IGF1R levels were found to be significantly upregulated in HCC tissues compared with levels in paired peritumoural tissues. The high expression levels of circ-IGF1R in HCC were associated with tumour size. Moreover, knocking down circ-IGF1R with siRNA significantly attenuated cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in vitro. Further investigation revealed that PI3K/AKT signalling pathway activation was involved in the oncogenic functions of circ-IGF1R in HCC. Our study suggests that circ-IGF1R may be a potential target for the prevention and treatment of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , RNA/metabolismo , Apoptose , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/enzimologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima
16.
Respiration ; : 1-10, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal fibrotic lung disease with an unknown aetiology. Persistent myofibroblast differentiation is a prominent feature of IPF. Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for IPF and an indicator of poor prognosis. Cigarette smoking induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and it has been shown that ER stress promotes fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation in lung fibrosis. In this study, we investigated whether cigarette smoke extract (CSE) promotes lung myofibroblast differentiation via the induction of ER stress. OBJECTIVES: Our study concentrates on exploring the relationship between smoking and ER stress in the differentiation of lung fibroblasts to myofibroblasts. METHODS: Human embryonic lung fibroblasts (MRC-5 fibroblasts) were stimulated with various doses of CSE. Levels of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) protein were evaluated by immunofluorescence and western blot analyses. ER stress was induced by thapsigargin (TG) and inhibited by 4-phenyl butyric acid (4-PBA). Protein levels of glucose-regulated protein-78 (GRP78), inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1), X box-binding protein-1 (XBP-1) and activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) were determined by western blotting. GRP78 siRNA was transfected into MRC-5 cells using Lipofectamine RNAiMAX Reagent. RESULTS: CSE at a concentration of 1.0% significantly increased α-SMA expression in MRC-5 cells. There was no significant cell apoptosis after cells were exposed to CSE. CSE treatment significantly increased the expression of GRP78, IRE1, XBP-1 and ATF6 at the protein level at 48 h. Pretreatment with TG enhanced, whereas pretreatment with 4-PBA inhibited, the CSE-induced expression of α-SMA, GRP78 and XBP-1. Furthermore, knockdown of GRP78 blocked α-SMA expression in MRC-5 cells exposed to CSE. CONCLUSION: Our data suggested that CSE promotes lung fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation by the induction of ER stress.

17.
Bioorg Chem ; 92: 103190, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465969

RESUMO

A series of novel indoline derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for antiproliferative activity against four selected cancer cell lines (Hela, A549, HepG2 and KYSE30). Among them, compound 20 displayed the potent inhibition activity against esophageal cancer cells (Kyse30, Kyse450, Kyse510 and EC109). Cellular mechanism studies in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells elucidated compound 20 inhibited cell growths in vitro and in vivo, reduced colony formation, arrested cell cycle at M phase, and induced Noxa-dependent apoptosis in ESCC. Importantly, compound 20 was identified as a novel Noxa mediated apoptosis inducer. These results suggested that compound 20 might be a promising anticancer agent with potential for development of further clinical applications.

18.
Nano Lett ; 19(9): 6454-6460, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424943

RESUMO

We report on the first successful growth of wurtzite (WZ) GaBiAs nanowires (NWs) and reveal the effects of Bi incorporation on the electronic band structure by using polarization-resolved optical spectroscopies performed on individual NWs. Experimental evidence of a decrease in the band-gap energy and an upward shift of the topmost three valence subbands upon the incorporation of Bi atoms is provided, whereas the symmetry and ordering of the valence band states remain unchanged, that is, Γ9, Γ7, and Γ7 within the current range of Bi compositions. The extraordinary valence band structure of WZ GaBiAs NWs is explained by anisotropic hybridization and anticrossing between p-like Bi states and the extended valence band states of host WZ GaAs. Moreover, the incorporation of Bi into GaAs is found to significantly reduce the temperature sensitivity of the band-gap energy in WZ GaBiAs NWs. Our work therefore demonstrates that utilizing dilute bismide alloys provides new avenues for band-gap engineering and thus photonic engineering with NWs.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(16)2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426343

RESUMO

Four kinds of Ca-montmorillonite with different layer charge density were used to study the effect of charge density on their hydration properties by molecular dynamics simulation and experiments. The research results of Z-density distribution of water molecules, Hw (hydrogen in water molecules), and Ca in the interlayer of montmorillonite show that the hydration properties of montmorillonite are closely related to its layer charge density. If the charge density is low, the water molecules in the interlayers are mainly concentrated on the sides of the central axis about -1.3 Å and 1.5 Å. As the charge density increases from 0.38semi-cell to 0.69semi-cell, the water molecules are distributed -2.5 Å and 2.4 Å away from the siloxane surface (Si-O), the concentration of water molecules near the central axis decreases, and at the same time, Ca2+ appears to gradually shift from the vicinity of the central axis to the Si-O surface on both sides in the montmorillonite layer. The simulation results of the radial distribution function (RDF) of the Ca-Hw, Ca-Ow (oxygen in water molecules), and Ca-Ot (the oxygen in the tetrahedron) show that the Ca2+ and Ow are more tightly packed together than that of Hw; with the increase of the charge density, due to the fact that the negative charge sites on the Si-O surface increase, under the action of electrostatic attraction, some of the Ca2+ are pulled towards the Si-O surface, which is more obvious when the layer charge density of the montmorillonite is higher. The results of the RDF of the Ot-Hw show that with the increase of charge density, the number of hydrogen bonds formed by Ot and Hw in the interlayers increase, and under the action of hydrogen bonding force, the water molecules near the central axis are pulled towards the two sides of Si-O surface. As a result, the arrangement of water molecules is more compact, and the structure is obvious. Correspondingly, the self-diffusion coefficient shows that the higher the layer charge density, the lower the self-diffusion coefficient of water molecules in interlayers is and the worse the hydration performance of montmorillonite. The experimental results of the experiments fit well with the above simulation results.

20.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 41(5): 702-709, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441600

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: TET2, a member of the Ten-Eleven translocation gene family, catalyzes the conversion of 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in DNA. Low expression of TET2 has been reported as a prognostic factor for several types of malignancies in adult patients. However, there have been few data on the effect of TET2 mRNA level on the prognosis of children with ALL so far. METHODS: In this study, TET2 expression of samples cryopreserved in the liquid nitrogen from January 1, 2007 through December 31, 2011 was retrospectively analyzed in 136 newly diagnosed ALL patients by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. The patients' samples were divided into two groups by the median value of patients group and divided into TET2 low and TET2 high groups. RESULTS: A total of 136 childhood ALL patients demonstrated lower TET2 expression than control group (P = .038). TET2 mRNA expression levels were correlated with the disease status. In addition, patients with low TET2 expression had lower platelet counts and lower CR rates. Survival analysis showed that low TET2 expression in children with ALL was associated with lower 5-year overall survival (OS) (63% vs 88%, P = .011) and event-free survival (EFS) (60% vs 85%, P = .003). Multivariate analysis revealed that low TET2 expression was an independent poor prognostic factor of OS and EFS. CONCLUSION: Low expression of TET2 in children with ALL is associated with poor prognosis and can be used as a molecular prognostic marker for risk group stratification.

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