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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33946224

RESUMO

Steroid receptor coactivator-3 (SRC-3), also known as amplified in breast cancer 1 (AIB1), is a member of the SRC family. SRC-3 regulates not only the transcriptional activity of nuclear receptors but also many other transcription factors. Besides the essential role of SRC-3 in physiological functions, it also acts as an oncogene to promote multiple aspects of cancer. This review updates the important progress of SRC-3 in carcinogenesis and summarizes its mode of action, which provides clues for cancer therapy.

2.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 118, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933112

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of an early childhood education machine on sedation and analgesia in children after cardiothoracic surgery. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in a provincial hospital in China. Fifty-two patients (aged from 1 to 5 years) underwent cardiothoracic surgery (including: ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, pulmonary sequestration and congenital cystic adenomatoid lung malformation) were divided into the study group (n = 26) and the control group (n = 26). The patients in the study group underwent intervention with an early childhood education machine (uniform type) in addition to routine standard treatment and nursing, while the patients in the control group only received routine standard treatment and nursing. Richmond agitation sedation score (RASS) and face, legs, activity, cry, consolability (FLACC) score of all of the patients were evaluated, and the negative emotions (self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) score and self-rating depression scale (SDS) score) of the parents of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the general clinical data between the two groups. The RASS and FLACC scores in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group, and the SAS and SDS scores of the parents in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group. CONCLUSION: The application of an early childhood education machine for children after cardiothoracic surgery can effectively reduce postoperative agitation, improve sedation and analgesia of the patients, and ease the pessimistic mood of the patients' parents.

3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 217: 112244, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933891

RESUMO

Nickel is widely spread by different anthropogenic activities and shows toxicity for plant growth and development. Whether rhizobia symbiotically fix nitrogen can eliminate or reduce nickel toxic effect on plant or not is still unknown. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of different rhizobia genus inoculation on growth, nitrogen fixing ability, metal accumulation and enzymatic antioxidative balance of Pongamia pinnnaa. Inoculation with Rhizobium pisi and Ochrobacterium pseudogrignonense increased the all the growth parameters both in 0 and 40 mg/kg nickel as comparison with control. Only shoot length increased in presence of nitrogen as compared with no supply of nitrogen. Nitrogen content also increased both in rhizobia inoculation as compared to no nitrogen supply and non-inoculation control, respectively. Nickel uptake was higher in shoots and leaves but lower in roots in case of inoculation as compared to non-inoculation control. Rhizobia inoculation improved the plant antioxidant capacity by increasing the activity of enzymatic scavengers catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and ascorbate (GR). However, 40 mg/kg of nickel adding showed mostly effect on the activity CAT, SOD, POD in leaves. All the enzymatic activity showed a significant increase in absence of nitrogen supply as compared nitrogen supply. Our results suggested that rhizobia inoculation effectively mediated nickel stress for legume plants by increasing nitrogen supplement and inducing antioxidant capacity.

4.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(8): 1878-1892, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905359

RESUMO

Textile wastewater has been recognized as one of the most difficult to treat environmental problems. Aiming to acquire an excellent treatment effect that could meet the stringent discharge regulations, a series of Cu- and Fe-doped Al-MCM-41 heterogeneous Fenton catalysts with different metal contents (1.21-3.45 wt%) were successfully synthesized by co-precipitation method to degrade Rhodamine B. Their physicochemical properties were analysed by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nitrogen physisorption and scanning electron microscopy. The incorporation of metal did not alter MCM-41's mesostructure, but increasing the contents of metal would decrease the order of MCM-41s' structure. The effects of temperature, pH, H2O2 dosage, dye concentration and the dosage of catalysts on Rhodamine B degradation were also investigated. It was found that M2 with 2.71 wt% of active metals performed best on Rhodamine B degradation. For the high concentration of Rhodamine B (400 mg/L), the decolorization efficiency could reach 96.0% using only 40 mM H2O2 within 50 min at 60 °C. Further adding 40 mM of H2O2, the chemical oxygen demand removal reached 75.1% after 100 min. M2 showed excellent stability and could be reused at least three times without any obvious deterioration in catalytic activity. M2 fitted well with the Freundlich isotherms and the first-order rate model.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Dióxido de Silício , Catálise , Rodaminas
5.
Cardiol Young ; : 1-4, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explored the clinical effect of employing breast milk oral care for infants who underwent surgical correction of ventricular septal defect. METHODS: A prospective randomised controlled study was conducted in a provincial hospital between January, 2020 and July, 2020 in China. Patients were randomly divided into an intervention group (breast milk oral care, n = 28) and a control group (physiological saline oral care, n = 28). The intervention group was given oral nursing using breast milk for infants in the early post-operative period, and the control group was given oral nursing using physiological saline. Related clinical data were recorded and analysed. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age, gender, weight, operation time, cardiopulmonary bypass time, or aortic cross-clamping time between the two groups. Compared with the physiological saline oral care group, the mechanical ventilation duration, the length of ICU stay in the breast milk oral care group were significantly shorter. The time of start feeding and total enteral nutrition were significantly earlier in the intervention group than those in the control group. The incidence of post-operative pneumonia in the breast milk oral care group was 3.6%, which was significantly lower than that of the physiological saline oral care group. CONCLUSION: The use of breast milk for oral care in infants who underwent surgical correction of VSD can reduce the incidence of post-operative pneumonia and promote the recovery of gastrointestinal function.

6.
Adv Mater ; : e2100332, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885192

RESUMO

Capillary-force-driven self-assembly is emerging as a significant approach for the massive manufacture of advanced materials with novel wetting, adhesion, optical, mechanical, or electrical properties. However, academic value and practical applications of the self-assembly are greatly restricted because traditional micropillar self-assembly is always unidirectional. In this work, two-photon-lithography-based 4D microprinting is introduced to realize the reversible and bidirectional self-assembly of microstructures. With asymmetric crosslinking densities, the printed vertical microstructures can switch to a curved state with controlled thickness, curvature, and smooth morphology that are impossible to replicate by traditional 3D-printing technology. In different evaporating solvents, the 4D-printed microstructures can experience three states: (I) coalesce into clusters from original vertical states via traditional self-assembly, (II) remain curved, or (III) arbitrarily self-assemble (4D self-assembly) toward the curving directions. Compared to conventional approaches, this 4D self-assembly is distance-independent, which can generate varieties of assemblies with a yield as high as 100%. More importantly, the three states can be reversibly switched, allowing the development of many promising applications such as reversible micropatterns, switchable wetting, and dynamic actuation of microrobots, origami, and encapsulation.

7.
J Card Surg ; 2021 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of remifentanil-based fast-track cardiac anesthesia (FTCA) combined with the postoperative serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) for transthoracic device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) in pediatric patients. METHODS: A total of 70 children who underwent transthoracic device closure of ASDs from January 2018 to June 2020 were divided into two groups according to different anesthesia strategies administered, namely group F (fast-track anesthesia, n = 38) and group R (routine anesthesia, n = 32), and relevant clinical data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in general preoperative data, intraoperative hemodynamics, and FLACC score 1 h after extubation (p > .05). FLACC score of Group F was significantly lower than that of group R at 4, 8, 12, and 24 h after extubation (p < .05). The number of postoperative PCA press and the dose of PCA infusion in group F were lower than those in group R (p < .05). The mechanical ventilation duration, the length of intensive care unit stay in group F were statistically significantly lower than those in group R (p < .05). CONCLUSION: Remifentanil-based FTCA combined with the postoperative SAPB for transthoracic device closure of ASD in pediatric patients could effectively reduce postoperative pain of the children.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822730

RESUMO

Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images inevitably suffer from multiplicative speckle noise caused by random interference. This study proposes an unsupervised domain adaptation approach for noise reduction by translating the SD-OCT to the corresponding high-quality enhanced depth imaging (EDI)-OCT. We propose a structure-persevered cycle-consistent generative adversarial network for unpaired image-to-image translation, which can be applied to imbalanced unpaired data, and can effectively preserve retinal details based on a structure-specific cross-domain description. It also imposes smoothness by penalizing the intensity variation of the low reflective region between consecutive slices. Our approach was tested on a local data set that consisted of 268 SD-OCT volumes and two public independent validation datasets including 20 SD-OCT volumes and 17 B-scans, respectively. Experimental results show that our method can effectively suppress noise and maintain the retinal structure, compared with other traditional approaches and deep learning methods in terms of qualitative and quantitative assessments. Our proposed method shows good performance for speckle noise reduction and can assist downstream tasks of OCT analysis.

9.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(2): E249-E255, 2021 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the application of synchronized nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (SNIPPV) in the respiratory weaning of infants after congenital heart surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 63 infants who were extubated from mechanical ventilation after congenital heart surgery between January 2020 and September 2020. The data, including demographics, anatomic diagnosis, radiology and laboratory test results, and perioperative variables were recorded. RESULTS: The extubation failure rate within 48 h after extubation was significantly lower in the SNIPPV group than in the nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) group. The PaO2 level and PaO2/FiO2 ratio within 48 h after extubation were higher in the SNIPPV group than in the NCPAP group (P < .05). Meanwhile, the PaCO2 level within 48 h was significantly lower in the SNIPPV group (P < .05). Compared with the NCPAP group, the median duration of postoperative noninvasive support and the duration from extubation to hospital discharge were shorter in the SNIPPV group; the total hospital cost was lower in the SNIPPV group. No significant differences were observed between the two groups concerning VAP, pneumothorax, feeding intolerance, sepsis, mortality, and other complications (P > .05). CONCLUSION: SNIPPV was shown to be superior to NCPAP in avoiding reintubation after congenital heart surgery in infants and significantly improved oxygenation and reduced PaCO2 retention after extubation. Further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy and safety of SNIPPV as a routine weaning strategy.

10.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(3)2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33803192

RESUMO

Acute aortic dissection is one of the most severe vascular diseases. The molecular mechanisms of aortic expansion and dissection are unclear. Clinical studies have found that statins play a protective role in aortic dissection development and therapy; however, the mechanism of statins' effects on the aorta is unknown. The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset GSE52093, GSE2450and GSE8686 were analyzed, and genes expressed differentially between aortic dissection samples and normal samples were determined using the Networkanalyst and iDEP tools. Weight gene correlation network analysis (WGCNA), functional annotation, pathway enrichment analysis, and the analysis of the regional variations of genomic features were then performed. We found that the minichromosome maintenance proteins (MCMs), a family of proteins targeted by statins, were upregulated in dissected aortic wall tissues and play a central role in cell-cycle and mitosis regulation in aortic dissection patients. Our results indicate a potential molecular target and mechanism for statins' effects in patients with acute type A aortic dissection.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847114

RESUMO

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), particularly molybdenum diselenides (MoSe2), have the merits of their unique two-dimensional (2D) layered structures, large interlayer spacing (∼0.64 nm), good electrical conductivities, and high theoretical capacities when applied in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) as anode materials. However, MoSe2 remains suffering from inferior stability as well as unsatisfactory rate capability because of the unavoidable volume expansion and sluggish charge transport during lithiation-delithiation cycles. Herein, we develop a simultaneous reduction-intercalation strategy to synthesize expanded MoSe2 (e-MoSe2) with an interlayer spacing of 0.98 nm and a rich 1T phase (53.7%) by rationally selecting the safe precursors of ethylenediamine (NH2C2H4NH2), selenium dioxide (SeO2), and sodium molybdate (Na2MoO4). It is noteworthy that NH2C2H4NH2 can effectively reduce SeO2 and MoO42- forming MoSe2 nanosheets; in the meantime, the generated ammonium (NH4+) efficiently intercalates between MoSe2 layers, leading to charge transfer, thus stabilizing 1T phases. The obtained e-MoSe2 exhibits high capacities of 778.99 and 611.40 mAh g-1 at 0.2 and 1 C, respectively, together with excellent cycling stability (retaining >90% initial capacity at 0.2 C over 100 charge-discharge cycles). It is believed that the material design strategy proposed in this paper provides a favorable reference for the synthesis of other transition metal selenides with improved electrochemical performance for battery applications.

12.
Chem Rec ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852203

RESUMO

The activation of a carbon-fluorine bond is one of the most challenging topics in modern synthetic organic chemistry due to their low reactivity compared to other carbon-halogen bonds. In this review, we present the recent developments since 2015 on cross-coupling reactions that form C-C bonds via cleavage of C(sp2 )-F bonds. Not only the conventional activation of C(sp2 )-F bonds, but also decarbonylative or carbonyl-retentive cleavage of C(acyl)-F bonds will be introduced. This paper mainly describes new protocols for the formation of C(sp2 )-C(sp3 ), C(sp2 )-C(sp2 ), and C(sp2 )-C(sp) bonds via transition-metal-catalyzed cleavage of C(sp2 )-F bonds.

13.
Math Biosci Eng ; 18(3): 2230-2242, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the potential genes associated with immune cell infiltration in atherosclerosis (AS). METHODS: Gene expression profile data (GSE57691) of human arterial tissue samples were downloaded, and differentially expressed RNAs (DERNAs; long-noncoding RNA [lncRNAs], microRNAs [miRNAs], and messenger RNAs [mRNAs]) in AS vs. control groups were selected. Based on genome-wide expression levels, the proportion of infiltrating immune cells in each sample was assessed. Genes associated with immune infiltration were selected, and subjected to Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses. Finally, a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was constructed, and the genes in the network were subjected to functional analyses. RESULTS: A total of 1749 DERNAs meeting the thresholds were screened, including 1673 DEmRNAs, 63 DElncRNAs, and 13 DEmiRNAs. The proportions of B cells, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells were significantly different between the two groups. In total, 341 immune-associated genes such as HBB, FCN1, IL1B, CXCL8, RPS27A, CCN3, CTSZ, and SERPINA3 were obtained that were enriched in 70 significantly related GO biological processes (such as immune response) and 15 KEGG pathways (such as chemokine signaling pathway). A ceRNA network, including 33 lncRNAs, 11 miRNAs, and 216 mRNAs, was established. CONCLUSION: Genes such as FCN1, IL1B, and SERPINA3 may be involved in immune cell infiltration and may play important roles in AS progression via ceRNA regulation.

14.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 111, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892771

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine and remifentanil with sufentanil-based general anesthesia for the transthoracic device closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in pediatric patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 60 children undergoing the transthoracic device closure of VSDs from January 2019 to June 2020. The patients were divided into two groups based on different anesthesia strategies, including 30 cases in group R (dexmedetomidine- and remifentanil-based general anesthesia) and 30 cases in group S (sufentanil-based general anesthesia). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in preoperative clinical information, hemodynamics before induction and after extubation, postoperative pain scores, or length of hospital stay between the two groups. However, the hemodynamic data of group R were significantly lower than those of group S at the time points of anesthesia induction, skin incision, thoracotomy, incision closure, and extubation. The amount of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), the duration of mechanical ventilation, and the length of the intensive care unit (ICU) stay in group R were significantly less than those in group S. CONCLUSION: Dexmedetomidine combined with remifentanil-based general anesthesia for the transthoracic device closure of VSDs in pediatric patients is safe and effective.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801219

RESUMO

It is very important to have a comprehensive understanding of the health status of a country's population, which helps to develop corresponding public health policies. Correct inference of the underlying cause-of-death for citizens is essential to achieve a comprehensive understanding of the health status of a country's population. Traditionally, this relies mainly on manual methods based on medical staff's experiences, which require a lot of resources and is not very efficient. In this work, we present our efforts to construct an automatic method to perform inferences of the underlying causes-of-death for citizens. A sink algorithm is introduced, which could perform automatic inference of the underlying cause-of-death for citizens. The results show that our sink algorithm could generate a reasonable output and outperforms other stat-of-the-art algorithms. We believe it would be very useful to greatly enhance the efficiency of correct inferences of the underlying causes-of-death for citizens.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Política Pública , Humanos
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 183: 379-386, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864868

RESUMO

In the adaptation stage of CRISPR-Cas systems, the Cas1-Cas2 integrase captures and integrates new invader-derived spacers into the CRISPR locus, serving as a molecular memory of prior infection. As of yet, the structural information of Cas1-Cas2 complex is available only for two species. Here we present the crystal structure of Cas1-Cas2 complex of Pyrococcus furiosus, which showed a distinct architecture from the known Cas1-Cas2 complexes. The shorter C-terminal tail of Pfu Cas2 directs the Cas1 dimers go in the opposite direction, resulting in a different prespacer binding mode. Based on our structural and mutagenesis results, we modeled a prespacer with a shorter duplex and longer 3' overhangs to bind Pfu Cas1-Cas2 complex. The prespacer preference was confirmed by EMSA, fluorescence polarization, and in vitro integration assays. This model provides a potential explanation for the longer spacer acquisition observed in P. furiosus when deleting both cas4 genes. Our study highlights the diversity of the CRISPR adaptation module.

17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(9): 5763-5771, 2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818073

RESUMO

Coal and coal gangue spontaneous combustion (CGSC) occurs globally, causing significant environmental pollution. However, its emissions are poorly quantified and are overlooked in global or regional air pollutant emission inventories in previous studies, resulting in the underestimation of its impacts on climate, environment, and public health. This study quantified the emissions of various air pollutants originating from CGSC in Wuhai, a city in China, investigated emission characteristics, and estimated the contribution of CGSC emissions to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and related health impacts on a regional scale. The results revealed that the CGSC-related PM2.5 emissions were approximately 4643 t a-1 (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 721; 10447), accounting for 26.3% of the total PM2.5 emissions. Alkanes, alkenes, and aromatics accounted for 69.4, 17.9, and 2.9%, respectively, of the total emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Due to CGSC emissions, the ambient PM2.5 concentration in Wuhai increased by 5.7 µg m-3 on average, while the nitrate concentration decreased. The number of premature deaths caused by exposure to ambient PM2.5 associated with CGSC reached 381 (95% CI: 290; 452) in Wuhai and surrounding cities in 2017. Urgent control strategies and engineering techniques are needed to mitigate CGSC to protect public health.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Cidades , Carvão Mineral/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise , Combustão Espontânea
18.
Int J Qual Health Care ; 33(2)2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: During the COVID-19 pandemic, parents of infants having medical problem face challenges of insufficient medical resources at home. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of WeChat-based telehealth services on the preoperative follow-up of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 190 infants with CHD who underwent remote follow-up via WeChat from December 2019 to May 2020 in Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University. In addition, the psychological benefits of WeChat on the parents of these infants were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 190 infants were involved in this study, including 72 cases of ventricular septal defects, 42 cases of patent ductus arteriosus, 55 cases of atrial septal defects, 3 cases of tetralogy of Fallot, 2 cases of endocardial cushion defects, 12 cases of pulmonary stenosis, 2 cases of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection and 2 cases of aortic arch constriction. During the follow-up period, 48 infants who received surgical indications were hospitalized in time for surgical treatment. It was recommended that 10 infants with respiratory tract infections be treated in local hospitals through the WeChat platform. We provided feeding guidance to 28 infants with dysplasia through the WeChat platform. The psychological evaluation results of parents showed that the median score and range of Self-Rating Depression Scale scores were 42 and 32-58, respectively. Nine parents (4.7%) were clinically depressed, while the majority had mild depression. The median score and range of Self-Rating Anxiety Scale scores were 44 and 31-59, respectively. Twenty parents (10.5%) had clinical anxiety, while the rest had mild anxiety. CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, follow-up management and health services for infants with CHD prior to surgery through the WeChat platform were useful in identifying the state of an infant's condition as well as in identifying and relieving care pressure, anxiety and depression in the parents.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Pais/educação , Pais/psicologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Consulta Remota , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mídias Sociais
19.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881108

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease. Nitrated α-synuclein (α-syn) in the blood is a potentially efficient biomarker for PD in its early stages. In this work, an ultrasensitive electrochemical immunosensor was developed for the specific detection of nitrated α-syn. Supramolecule-mediated AuNP composites (GNCs) were modified on the gold electrode as a sensing film to capture anti-nitrated α-syn. Basic characterization studies revealed that GNCs were composed of abundant binding sites and had high conductivity with a large surface area, biocompatibility, and remarkable electrochemical activity. Anti-α-syn-modified magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were used as signal amplification tags to construct a sensitive sandwich assay. With a high specific surface area, strong conductivity, and abundant active sites, GNCs as an amplifying matrix can enhance the performance of the immunoassay and obtain preliminary signal amplification. MNPs showed excellent stability and led to a net decrease in the charge-transfer resistance due to their unique spherical structure and high conductivity, resulting in a sensitive electrochemical signal change according to the nitrated α-syn concentration in the sample. Therefore, this simple nitrated α-syn immunoassay with sensitivity and selectivity has potential for practical clinical applications.

20.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(2): E305-E310, 2021 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of music therapy on chronic pain, quality of life, and quality of sleep in adolescent patients after transthoracic occlusion of ventricular septal defects. METHODS: Patients were divided into 2 groups based on whether they received music therapy: a control group and a music group. The music group received 30 minutes of music therapy every day for 6 months after surgery. Patients in the control group received standard treatment and had 30 minutes of quiet time every day for 6 months after surgery. The short-form McGill pain questionnaire (SF-MPQ), the SF-36 scale and the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire (KSQ) was used as the evaluation tool for chronic pain, quality of life, and quality of sleep, respectively. RESULTS: In terms of the degree of postoperative chronic pain, the Pain Rating Index (PRI) emotion item score in the SF-MPQ evaluation of the music group was significantly lower than that of the control group (1.6 ± 1.1 versus 2.2 ± 0.9). The role emotional (RE) scores of the SF-36 in the music group were significantly higher than that in the control group (77.35 ± 18.55 versus 42.66 ± 22.63). KSQ scores were significantly higher in the music group than in the control group for sleep status (4.1 ± 1.0 versus 3.3 ± 0.9), falling asleep (3.9 ± 1.1 versus 3.1 ± 1.0), and not feeling refreshed by sleep (3.6 ± 1.3 versus 2.7 ± 0.9) (P < .05). CONCLUSION: This study preliminarily showed that music therapy could effectively reduce patients' chronic pain and improve quality of life and sleep after surgery. These results suggest that music therapy may be an essential therapy worth considering in managing patients' postoperative recovery after cardiovascular surgery.

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