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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668737

RESUMO

As transient electronics continue to advance, the demand for new materials has given rise to the exploration of conducting polymer (CP)-based electronic materials. The big challenge lies in balancing conductivity while introducing controlled degradable properties into CP-based transient materials. In response to this, we present in this work a concept of using conducting polymers attached to an enzymatically biodegradable biopolymer to create transient polymer electronics materials. Specifically, poly(3-hexyl thiophene) (P3HT) is covalently grafted onto biopolymer gelatin, affording graft copolymer gelatin-graft-poly(3-hexyl thiophene) (termed Gel-g-P3HT). The thin films of Gel-g-P3HT that were produced by optimized processing solvent (THF/H2O cosolvent) showed enhanced π-π stacking domains of P3HT, resulting in semiconducting thin films with good electroactivity. Due to the presence of amide bonds in the gelatin backbone, Gel-g-P3HT underwent degradation over a period of 5 days, resulting in the formation of amphiphilic micellar nanoparticles that are biocompatible and nontoxic. The potential of these conductive and degradable graft copolymers was demonstrated in a pressure sensor. This research paves the way for developing biocompatible and enzymatically degradable polymer materials based on P3HT, enabling the next generation of transient polymer electronics for diverse applications, such as skin, implantable, and environmental electronics.

2.
J Chem Phys ; 160(15)2024 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38624109

RESUMO

A diabatic potential energy matrix (DPEM) for the two lowest states of BeH2+ has been constructed using the combined-hyperbolic-inverse-power-representation (CHIPR) method. By imposing symmetry constraints on the coefficients of polynomials, the complete nuclear permutation inversion symmetry is correctly preserved in the CHIPR functional form. The symmetrized CHIPR functional form is then used in the diabatization by ansatz procedure. The ab initio energies are reproduced with satisfactory accuracy. In addition, the CHIPR-based DPEM also reproduces the local topology of a conical intersection. Future work will focus on a complete four-state diabatic representation with emphasis on the long-range interactions and spin-orbit couplings, which will enable accurate quantum scattering calculations for the Be+(2P) + H2 → BeH+(X1Σ+) + H(2S) reaction.

3.
Cerebellum ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558026

RESUMO

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), a noninvasive neuroregulatory technique used to treat neurodegenerative diseases, holds promise for spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) treatment, although its efficacy and mechanisms remain unclear. This study aims to observe the short-term impact of cerebellar rTMS on motor function in SCA3 patients and utilize resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) to assess potential therapeutic mechanisms. Twenty-two SCA3 patients were randomly assigned to receive actual rTMS (AC group, n = 11, three men and eight women; age 32-55 years) or sham rTMS (SH group, n = 11, three men and eight women; age 26-58 years). Both groups underwent cerebellar rTMS or sham rTMS daily for 15 days. The primary outcome measured was the ICARS scores and parameters for regional brain activity. Compared to baseline, ICARS scores decreased more significantly in the AC group than in the SH group after the 15-day intervention. Imaging indicators revealed increased Amplitude of Low Frequency Fluctuation (ALFF) values in the posterior cerebellar lobe and cerebellar tonsil following AC stimulation. This study suggests that rTMS enhances motor functions in SCA3 patients by modulating the excitability of specific brain regions and associated pathways, reinforcing the potential clinical utility of rTMS in SCA3 treatment. The Chinese Clinical Trial Registry identifier is ChiCTR1800020133.

4.
Neurosurg Rev ; 47(1): 137, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564039

RESUMO

Despite 2-staged stereotactic radiosurgery (2-SSRS) has been reported to provide patients with improved survival and limited toxicity, 2-SSRS for brainstem metastases (BSM) larger than 2 cm3 remains challenging. We tried to find out the effectiveness and safety of 2-SSRS plus bevacizumab therapy for BSMs over 2 cm3 and prognostic factors that related to the tumor local control. Patients that received 2-SSRS plus bevacizumab therapy from four gamma knife center were retrospectively studied from Jan 2014 to December 2023. Patients' domestic characteristics and the tumor features were evaluated before and after the treatment. Cox regression model was used to find out prognostic factors for tumor local control. 53 patients with 63 lesions received the therapy. The median peri-tumor edema volume greatly reduced at the end of therapy (P < 0.01), the median tumor volume dramatically reduced (P < 0.01) and patients' KPS score improved significantly (P < 0.05) 3 months after the therapy. Patients' median OS was 12.8 months. The tumor local control rate at 3, 6, and 12 months was 98.4%, 93.4%, and 85.2%. The incidence side effects were mainly oral and nasal hemorrhage (5.7%, 3/53), and radiation necrosis (13.2%, 7/53). Patients with primary lung adenocarcinoma, therapeutic dose over 12 Gy at second-stage SRS, primary peri-tumor edema volume less than 2.3 cm³, primary tumor volume less than 3.7 cm³ would enjoy longer tumor local control. These results suggested that 2-SSRS plus bevacizumab therapy was effective and safe for BSMs over 2 cm3. However, it is important for patients with BSM to receive early diagnosis and treatment to achieve good tumor local control.


Assuntos
Tronco Encefálico , Neoplasias , Humanos , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Edema
5.
J Nephrol ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutcracker syndrome is a disease characterized by complex symptoms, making its diagnosis challenging and often delayed, often resulting in a painful experience for the patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the pathogenesis of nutcracker syndrome through the perspective of hemodynamics by simulating blood flow with varying compression degrees of the left renal vein. METHODS: 3D patient-specific vascular models of the abdominal aorta, superior mesenteric artery and left renal vein were constructed based on CT images of patients suspected of having nutcracker syndrome. A hemodynamic simulation was then conducted using computational fluid dynamics to identify the correlation between alterations in hemodynamic parameters and varying degrees of compression. RESULTS: The study indicated the presence of an evident gradient in velocity distribution over the left renal vein with relatively high degrees of stenosis (α ≤ 50°), with maximum velocity in the central region of the stenosis. Additionally, when the compression degree of the left renal vein increases, the pressure distribution of the left renal vein presents an increasing number of gradient layers. Furthermore, the wall shear stress shows a correlation with the variation of blood flow velocity, i.e., the increase of wall shear stress correlates with the acceleration of the blood flow velocity. CONCLUSIONS: Using computational fluid dynamics as a non-invasive instrument to obtain the hemodynamic characteristics of nutcracker syndrome is feasible and could provide insights into the pathological mechanisms of the nutcracker syndrome supporting clinicians in diagnosis.

6.
Circulation ; 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysregulated metabolism of bioactive sphingolipids, including ceramides and sphingosine-1-phosphate, has been implicated in cardiovascular disease, although the specific species, disease contexts, and cellular roles are not completely understood. Sphingolipids are produced by the serine palmitoyltransferase enzyme, canonically composed of 2 subunits, SPTLC1 (serine palmitoyltransferase long chain base subunit 1) and SPTLC2 (serine palmitoyltransferase long chain base subunit 2). Noncanonical sphingolipids are produced by a more recently described subunit, SPTLC3 (serine palmitoyltransferase long chain base subunit 3). METHODS: The noncanonical (d16) and canonical (d18) sphingolipidome profiles in cardiac tissues of patients with end-stage ischemic cardiomyopathy and in mice with ischemic cardiomyopathy were analyzed by targeted lipidomics. Regulation of SPTLC3 by HIF1α under ischemic conditions was determined with chromatin immunoprecipitation. Transcriptomics, lipidomics, metabolomics, echocardiography, mitochondrial electron transport chain, mitochondrial membrane fluidity, and mitochondrial membrane potential were assessed in the cSPTLC3KO transgenic mice we generated. Furthermore, morphological and functional studies were performed on cSPTLC3KO mice subjected to permanent nonreperfused myocardial infarction. RESULTS: Herein, we report that SPTLC3 is induced in both human and mouse models of ischemic cardiomyopathy and leads to production of atypical sphingolipids bearing 16-carbon sphingoid bases, resulting in broad changes in cell sphingolipid composition. This induction is in part attributable to transcriptional regulation by HIF1α under ischemic conditions. Furthermore, cardiomyocyte-specific depletion of SPTLC3 in mice attenuates oxidative stress, fibrosis, and hypertrophy in chronic ischemia, and mice demonstrate improved cardiac function and increased survival along with increased ketone and glucose substrate metabolism utilization. Depletion of SPTLC3 mechanistically alters the membrane environment and subunit composition of mitochondrial complex I of the electron transport chain, decreasing its activity. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a novel essential role for SPTLC3 in electron transport chain function and a contribution to ischemic injury by regulating complex I activity.

7.
Cancer Cell Int ; 24(1): 91, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) belong to a class of covalently closed single stranded RNAs that have been implicated in cancer progression. Former investigations showed that hsa-circ-0013561 is abnormally expressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Nevertheless, the role of hsa-circ-0013561 during the progress of HNSCC still unclear. METHODS: Present study applied FISH and qRT-PCR to examine hsa-circ-0013561 expression in HNSCC cells and tissue samples. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was employed to identify downstream targets of hsa-circ-0013561. Transwell migration, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation, CCK8 and colony formation assays were utilized to test cell migration and proliferation. A mouse tumor xenograft model was utilized to determine the hsa-circ-0013561 roles in HNSCC progression and metastasis in vivo. RESULTS: We found that hsa-circ-0013561 was upregulated in HNSCC tissue samples. hsa-circ-0013561 downregulation inhibited HNSCC cell proliferation and migration to promote apoptosis and G1 cell cycle arrest. The dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that miR-7-5p and PDK3 are hsa-circ-0013561 downstream targets. PDK3 overexpression or miR-7-5p suppression reversed the hsa-circ-0013561-induced silencing effects on HNSCC cell proliferation and migration. PDK3 overexpression reversed miR-7-5p-induced effects on HNSCC cell proliferation and migration. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that hsa-circ-0013561 downregulation inhibits HNSCC metastasis and progression through PDK3 expression and miR-7-5p binding modulation.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 53(14): 6215-6223, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483279

RESUMO

The synthesis of cyclic carbonates through cycloaddition reactions between epoxides and carbon dioxide (CO2) is an important industrial process. Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) have functional and ordered pore structures, making them attractive catalysts for converting gas molecules into valuable products. One approach to enhance the catalytic activity of MOFs in CO2 cycloaddition reactions is to create open metal sites within MOFs. In this study, the amino-functionalized rare earth Gd-MOF (Gd-TPTC-NH2) and its ionic liquid composite catalysts (Gd-TPTC-NH-[BMIM]Br) were synthesized using 2'-amino-[1,1':4',1''-terphenyl]-3,3'',5,5''-tetracarboxylic acid (H4TPTC-NH2) as the ligand. The catalytic performance of these two catalysts was observed in the cycloaddition reaction of CO2 and epoxides. Under the optimized reaction conditions, Gd-TPTC-NH-[BMIM]Br can effectively catalyze the cycloaddition reaction of a variety of epoxide substrates with good to excellent yields of cyclic carbonate products. Comparatively, epichlorohydrin and epibromohydrin, which possess halogen substituents, promote higher yields of cyclic carbonates due to the electron-withdrawing nature of Cl and Br substituents. Additionally, the Gd-TPTC-NH-[BMIM]Br catalyst demonstrated good recyclability and reproducibility, maintaining its catalytic activity without any changes in its structure or properties after five reuse cycles.

9.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(3): 237, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555280

RESUMO

End-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has unsatisfactory survival. The limited benefit of chemotherapy and the scarcity of targeted drugs are major challenges in NPC. New approaches to treat late-stage NPC are urgently required. In this study, we explored whether the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, PQR309, exerted a favorable antineoplastic effect and sensitized the response to gemcitabine in NPC. We observed that PI3K expression was positive and elevated in 14 NPC cell lines compared with that in normal nasopharygeal cell lines. Patients with NPC with higher PI3K levels displayed poorer prognosis. We subsequently showed that PQR309 alone effectively decreased the viability, invasiveness, and migratory capability of NPC cells and neoplasm development in mice xenograft models, and dose-dependently induced apoptosis. More importantly, PQR309 remarkably strengthened the anti-NPC function of gemcitabine both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, PQR309 sensitized NPC to gemcitabine by increasing caspase pathway-dependent apoptosis, blocking GSK-3ß and STAT3/HSP60 signaling, and ablating epithelial-mesenchyme transition. Thus, targeting PI3K/mTOR using PQR309 might represent a treatment option to promote the response to gemcitabine in NPC, and provides a theoretical foundation for the study of targeted drugs combined with chemotherapy for NPC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Gencitabina , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Fosfoinositídeo-3 Quinase/farmacologia , Inibidores de MTOR , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Apoptose , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
10.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1345231, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426066

RESUMO

Introduction: The artificial cultivation of morels has been a global research focus owing to production variability. Understanding the microbial ecology in cultivated soil is essential to increase morel yield and alleviate pathogen harm. Methods: A total of nine Morchella cultivation experiments in four soil field types, forest, paddy, greenhouse, and orchard in Shanghai city were performed to determine the potential ecological relationship between Morchella growth and soil microbial ecology. Results: Generally, significant variation was observed in the soil microbial diversity and composition between the different experimental field types. The niche width analysis indicated that the bacterial habitat niche breadth was significantly greater than the fungal community width, which was further confirmed by a null model that revealed that homogeneous selection could explain 46.26 and 53.64% of the variance in the bacterial and fungal assemblies, respectively. Moreover, the neutral community model revealed that stochastic processes dominate the bacterial community in forests and paddies and both the bacterial and fungal communities in orchard crops, whereas deterministic processes mostly govern the fungal community in forests and paddies and both the bacterial and the fungal communities in greenhouses. Furthermore, co-occurrence patterns were constructed, and the results demonstrated that the dynamics of the soil microbial community are related to fluctuations in soil physicochemical characteristics, especially soil potassium. Importantly, structural equation modeling further demonstrated that the experimental soil type significantly affects the potassium content of the soil, which can directly or indirectly promote Morchella yield by inhibiting soil fungal richness. Discussion: This was the first study to predict morel yield through soil potassium fertilizer and soil fungal community richness, which provides new insights into deciphering the importance of microbial ecology in morel agroecosystems.

11.
Mol Carcinog ; 63(5): 938-950, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353288

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly invasive cancer with a poor prognosis and a 5-year survival rate of less than 11%. As a member of the CAP superfamily of proteins, the role of peptidase inhibitor 16 (Pi16) in tumor progression is still unclear. Immunohistochemistry and quantitative RT-PCR methods were used to detect the expression levels of Pi16 protein and mRNA in PDAC patients. CRISPR/Cas9 technology was used to knock out the expression of Pi16 in PDAC cell lines. In vivo and in vitro experiments were used to verify the effect of Pi16 on PDAC proliferation ability. By RNA sequencing, we found that oligoadenylate synthetase L (OASL) can serve as a potential downstream target of Pi16. The expression of Pi16 was higher in PDAC tissues than in matched adjacent tissues. High expression of Pi16 was associated with PDAC progression and poor prognosis. Overexpression of Pi16 could promote the proliferation of PDAC cells in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis and coimmunoprecipitation assays showed that Pi16 could bind to OASL. Moreover, the functional recovery test confirmed that Pi16 could promote the proliferation of PDAC via OASL. Our present study demonstrates that Pi16 might participate in the occurrence and development of PDAC by regulating cell proliferation by binding to OASL, indicating that Pi16 might be a promising novel therapeutic target for PDAC.


Assuntos
2',5'-Oligoadenilato Sintetase , Nucleotídeos de Adenina , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Glicoproteínas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , 2',5'-Oligoadenilato Sintetase/metabolismo
12.
Cancer Lett ; 587: 216701, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369004

RESUMO

A new class of noncoding RNAs, tsRNAs are not only abundant in humans but also have high tissue specificity. Recently, an increasing number of studies have explored the correlations between tsRNAs and tumors, showing that tsRNAs can affect biological behaviors of tumor cells, such as proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis, by modulating protein translation, RNA transcription or posttranscriptional regulation. In addition, tsRNAs are widely distributed and stably expressed, which endows them with broad application prospects in diagnosing and predicting the prognosis of tumors, and they are expected to become new biomarkers. However, notably, the current research on tsRNAs still faces problems that need to be solved. In this review, we describe the characteristics of tsRNAs as well as their unique features and functions in tumors. Moreover, we also discuss the potential opportunities and challenges in clinical applications and research of tsRNAs.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias , Humanos , Relevância Clínica , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/genética , RNA não Traduzido
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387688

RESUMO

To understand the effect of salinity on the toxicokinetics, oxidative stress, and detoxification of cadmium-exposed Meretrix meretrix, M. meretrix were acclimatized to different salinities (8, 14, 20, 26, and 32 ppt) for 14 d, exposed to 10 µg/L Cd for 7 d, followed by a 28-day depuration period. The internal Cd concentration was determined, and the activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione-S-transferase (GST)), and the malondialdehyde (MDA) content were measured. The mRNA expression levels of antioxidant enzyme (Cu/Zn SOD, CAT) and detoxification-related genes metallothionein (MT) were analyzed. The mean concentrations of Cd in M. meretrix tissues were in the order gill > digestive gland > mantle > axe foot. The Cd uptake rate in the four tissues decreased with increasing salinity (range: 14-26 ppt). The Cd elimination half-lives were the highest at 8 ppt and 14 ppt salinity. Cadmium activated the four oxidative stress-related related enzymes in the gills. At the end of accumulation period, Cd exposure at 20 ppt salinity significantly increased the expression of Cu/Zn SOD. CAT expression was significantly inhibited at 20 ppt salinity, but was induced at 32 ppt. MT mRNA expression was only induced under Cd at 20 ppt salinity. At the end of depuration period, Cu/Zn SOD expression was inhibited at salinities of 8, 14, and 26 ppt. The results indicated that SOD, CAT, GST, MDA, Cu/Zn SOD, CAT, and MT were sensitive to cadmium in a water environment, and can be used as indicators of marine heavy metal pollution.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Cádmio/análise , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Salinidade , Metalotioneína/genética , Metalotioneína/metabolismo , Toxicocinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
14.
Reprod Toxicol ; 125: 108556, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342390

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of ferroptosis in fluorosis women and the in vitro molecular mechanisms leading to ovarian dysfunction and abnormal hormone secretion by sodium fluoride (NaF) treatment of KGN cells. Fifty women with fluorosis as Fluorosis group and fifty healthy women as Control group were included in this study. The levels of lipid peroxidation and activities of antioxidant enzyme were assessed by photometric methods. The content of iron and glutathione (GSH) in serum was measured by microplate method. KGN cells were treated by different concentration of NaF (0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 ×10-3 M) for 24 h. The mRNA and protein expression levels of ferroptosis-related molecules, including glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), solute carrier family 7 member (SLC7A11), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1) and p53, were assessed by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis. Fluorosis group women had a significant higher levels of iron, Malondialdehyde (MDA), FSH and LH, and a lower levels of E2 and antioxidant enzyme in serum than that in the control group. The representative molecular changes of ferroptosis, such as the decrease in GPX4, Nrf2 and SLC7A11 expression (mRNA and protein expression), the increase in protein expression of p53, and a reduced level of E2 were observed in KGN cells treated by excessive NaF.It is concluded therefore that NaF increases the expression of p53 and inhibits ovarian granulosa cell ferroptosis preventive protein expression, resulting in abnormal hormone secretion and the ovarian dysfunction.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Fluoretos , Feminino , Humanos , Antioxidantes , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Células da Granulosa , Glutationa , Ferro , RNA Mensageiro , Hormônios
15.
Cell Rep Med ; 5(2): 101414, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330942

RESUMO

ADG106, a ligand-blocking agonistic antibody targeting CD137 (4-1BB), exhibits promising results in preclinical studies, demonstrating tumor suppression in various animal models and showing a balanced profile between safety and efficacy. This phase 1 study enrolls 62 patients with advanced malignancies, revealing favorable tolerability up to the 5.0 mg/kg dose level. Dose-limiting toxicity occurs in only one patient (6.3%) at 10.0 mg/kg, resulting in grade 4 neutropenia. The most frequent treatment-related adverse events include leukopenia (22.6%), neutropenia (22.6%), elevated alanine aminotransferase (22.6%), rash (21.0%), itching (17.7%), and elevated aspartate aminotransferase (17.7%). The overall disease control rates are 47.1% for advanced solid tumors and 54.5% for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Circulating biomarkers suggest target engagement by ADG106 and immune modulation of circulating T, B, and natural killer cells and cytokines interferon γ and interleukin-6, which may affect the probability of clinical efficacy. ADG106 has a manageable safety profile and preliminary anti-tumor efficacy in patients with advanced cancers (this study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03802955).


Assuntos
Linfoma não Hodgkin , Neoplasias , Neutropenia , Humanos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Small ; : e2310224, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321843

RESUMO

Regulating the asymmetric active center of a single-atom catalyst to optimize the binding energy is critical but challenging to improve the overall efficiency of the electrocatalysts. Herein, an effective strategy is developed by introducing an axial hydroxyl (OH) group to the Fe─N4 center, simultaneously assisting with the further construction of asymmetric configurations by replacing one N atom with one S atom, forming FeN3 S1 ─OH configuration. This novel structure can optimize the electronic structure and d-band center shift to reduce the reaction energy barrier, thereby promoting oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalytic activities. The optimal catalyst, FeSA -S/N-C (FeN3 S1 ─OH anchored on hollow porous carbon) displays remarkable ORR performance with a half-wave potential of 0.92, 0.78, and 0.64 V versus RHE in 0.1 m KOH, 0.5 m H2 SO4 , and 0.1 m PBS, respectively. The rechargeable liquid Zn-air batteries (LZABs) equipped with FeSA -S/N-C display a higher power density of 128.35 mW cm-2 , long-term operational stability of over 500 h, and outstanding reversibility. More importantly, the corresponding flexible solid-state ZABs (FSZABs@FeSA -S/N-C) display negligible voltage changes at different bending angles during the charging and discharging processes. This work provides a new perspective for the design and optimization of asymmetric configuration for single-atom catalysts applied to the area of energy conversion and storage.

17.
FASEB J ; 38(2): e23404, 2024 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38197290

RESUMO

The induction of acute endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress damages the electron transport chain (ETC) in cardiac mitochondria. Activation of mitochondria-localized calpain 1 (CPN1) and calpain 2 (CPN2) impairs the ETC in pathological conditions, including aging and ischemia-reperfusion in settings where ER stress is increased. We asked if the activation of calpains causes the damage to the ETC during ER stress. Control littermate and CPNS1 (calpain small regulatory subunit 1) deletion mice were used in the current study. CPNS1 is an essential subunit required to maintain CPN1 and CPN2 activities, and deletion of CPNS1 prevents their activation. Tunicamycin (TUNI, 0.4 mg/kg) was used to induce ER stress in C57BL/6 mice. Cardiac mitochondria were isolated after 72 h of TUNI treatment. ER stress was increased in both control littermate and CPNS1 deletion mice with TUNI treatment. The TUNI treatment activated both cytosolic and mitochondrial CPN1 and 2 (CPN1/2) in control but not in CPNS1 deletion mice. TUNI treatment led to decreased oxidative phosphorylation and complex I activity in control but not in CPNS1 deletion mice compared to vehicle. The contents of complex I subunits, including NDUFV2 and ND5, were decreased in control but not in CPNS1 deletion mice. TUNI treatment also led to decreased oxidation through cytochrome oxidase (COX) only in control mice. Proteomic study showed that subunit 2 of COX was decreased in control but not in CPNS1 deletion mice. Our results provide a direct link between activation of CPN1/2 and complex I and COX damage during acute ER stress.


Assuntos
Calpaína , Proteômica , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Calpaína/genética , Transporte de Elétrons , Complexo I de Transporte de Elétrons , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas
18.
Radiol Oncol ; 58(1): 145-152, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to explore the effectiveness and safety of 'Sandwich treatment' strategy for large brain metastases (LBM) with diameter over 3 cm (minimum volume >= 15 cm3) located in motor area. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients from four gamma knife center that received 'Sandwich treatment' were retrospectively studied from January 2016 to March 2023. The strategy was one-week treatment course including 2 stages of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and using bevacizumab once during SRS gap. The tumor volume and peri-tumor edema changes were analyzed before and after 'Sandwich treatment'. Manual muscle testing (MMT) score and Barthel Index (BI) score were used to evaluate the changes of patients' movement and physical strength rehabilitation. The patients' overall survival (OS) and tumor local control (TLC) rate was calculated. Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors that related to TLC. RESULTS: 61 patients with 72 lesions received the 'Sandwich treatment'. The median prescription dose was 13.0 Gy and 12.5 Gy at the first- and second-stage SRS. The mean tumor volume at the time of 'Sandwich treatment' and 3 months later was 20.1 cm3 and 12.3, respectively (P < 0.01). The mean peri-tumor edema volume at the first- and second-stage SRS was 12.6 cm3 and 5.2 cm3, respectively (P < 0.01). Patients' median MMT score improved from 6 at the beginning to 8 at the end of 'Sandwich treatment' (P < 0.01), BI score was also greatly improved from 45 at the time of 'Sandwich treatment' to 95 after 3 months (P < 0.01). Patients' median OS was 14.0 months, and the 3, 6, 12 months OS rate was 92.0%, 86.0% and 66.0%, respectively. The TLC rate at 3, 6, 12 months was 98.4%, 93.4%, and 85.3%, respectively. Patients with lung cancer had lower risk of tumor relapse. The cumulative incidence of patient's hemorrhage and radiation necrosis was 4.92% (3/61) and 13.11% (8/61) after 'Sandwich treatment'. CONCLUSIONS: 'Sandwich treatment' strategy is safe and effective for LBM located in motor area. The strategy could rapidly improve the patients' movement and enhance their physical strength rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Córtex Motor , Radiocirurgia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Córtex Motor/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Edema/etiologia , Edema/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 916: 170226, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38280599

RESUMO

Cultivation of Stropharia rugosoannulata with straw in forestland is effective for straw biodegradation and can prevent the waste of straw resources and environmental pollution and generate economic benefits. However, there is a lack of systematic evaluation of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) input into forestland, such as soil properties and microbial succession. In this experiment, 0 (CK), 10 (SA), 20 (SB), 30 (SC), 40 (SD), and 50 (SE) kg/m2 straw were used to cultivate S. rugosoannulata, and two soil layers (0-10 cm, 10-20 cm) of the cultivated forestland were analyzed. The results indicated that SMS significantly promoted nutrient accumulation in forestland. The bacterial alpha diversity in the SC treatment group was greater than that in the control and gradually decreased to the control level with interannual changes, while the trend of fungal alpha diversity was opposite to that of bacterial alpha diversity. Furthermore, the SC treatment group positively affected soil nitrogen metabolism-related microorganisms for two consecutive years and significantly promoted tree growth. Habitat niche breadth and null model analysis revealed that bacterial communities were more sensitive than fungal communities after SMS input. Linear mixed model (LMM) analysis revealed that SMS supplementation significantly positively affected bacteria (Gammaproteobacteria and Bacteroidota) and significantly negatively affected fungi (Coniochaetales). The constructed fungal-bacterial co-occurrence networks exhibited modularity, and the five types of bacteria were significantly correlated with soil organic matter (SOM), soil organic carbon (SOC), available potassium (AK), available phosphorus (AAP) and available nitrogen (AN) levels. The structural equation model (SEM) showed that bacterial diversity responded more to changes in soil nutrients than did fungal diversity. Overall, 30 kg/m2 of straw decomposition and 2 years of continuous cultivation were beneficial to soil health. This study provides new insights into the rational decomposition of straw and maintenance of forestland ecological balance by S. rugosoannulata.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Microbiota , Solo/química , Carbono/análise , Florestas , Nitrogênio/análise , Microbiologia do Solo
20.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 21(1): 60-79, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38062129

RESUMO

The main challenges in the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are ascribed to the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and the lack of sufficient infiltration of activated CD8+ T cells. Transforming the tumor microenvironment (TME) from "cold" to "hot" and thus more likely to potentiate the effects of ICIs is a promising strategy for cancer treatment. We found that the selective BCL-2 inhibitor APG-2575 can enhance the antitumor efficacy of anti-PD-1 therapy in syngeneic and humanized CD34+ mouse models. Using single-cell RNA sequencing, we found that APG-2575 polarized M2-like immunosuppressive macrophages toward the M1-like immunostimulatory phenotype with increased CCL5 and CXCL10 secretion, restoring T-cell function and promoting a favorable immunotherapy response. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that APG-2575 directly binds to NF-κB p65 to activate NLRP3 signaling, thereby mediating macrophage repolarization and the activation of proinflammatory caspases and subsequently increasing CCL5 and CXCL10 chemokine production. As a result, APG-2575-induced macrophage repolarization could remodel the tumor immune microenvironment, thus improving tumor immunosuppression and further enhancing antitumor T-cell immunity. Multiplex immunohistochemistry confirmed that patients with better immunotherapeutic efficacy had higher CD86, p-NF-κB p65 and NLRP3 levels, accompanied by lower CD206 expression on macrophages. Collectively, these data provide evidence that further study on APG-2575 in combination with immunotherapy for tumor treatment is required.


Assuntos
Dioxanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Nitrobenzenos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Pirróis , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor , Animais , Camundongos , Dioxanos/farmacologia , Dioxanos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Nitrobenzenos/farmacologia , Nitrobenzenos/uso terapêutico , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/agonistas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/farmacologia , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Polaridade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Quimiocina CCL5/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL10/metabolismo , Terapia de Imunossupressão/métodos
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