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1.
Eur Psychiatry ; 67(1): e28, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The early prediction of adolescent depression recurrence poses a significant challenge in the field. This study aims to investigate and compare the abilities of the general psychopathology factor (p) and the specific internalizing factor, in predicting depression recurrence over a 2-year course, as well as identifying remitted depressed adolescents from healthy adolescents. Longitudinal changes of these two factors in different trajectory groups were also tracked to examine their sensitivity to sustained remission and relapse. METHODS: We included 255 baseline-remitted depressed adolescents and a healthy control group (n = 255) matched in age, sex, and race, sourced from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study. The linear mixed model was employed for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: The p factor not only effectively discriminated between remitted depressed adolescents and healthy controls but also robustly predicted the depression recurrence over a subsequent 2-year course. The specific internalizing factor could only differentiate remitted depressed adolescents from healthy controls. Additionally, a noteworthy longitudinal decline of the p factor in the sustained-remission group was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Psychopathology factors serve as the inherent and enduring measurement of long-term mental health aberrations. Longitudinal results indicate that the p factor is more sensitive to respond to sustained remission than the internalizing factor. The ability of the overall p factor to anticipate depression relapse, unlike the specific internalizing factor, suggests the clinical interventions should monitor and mitigate the coincident symptoms across all dimensions to preempt relapse of adolescent depression, rather than an exclusive focus on internalizing symptoms.


Assuntos
Depressão , Psicopatologia , Humanos , Adolescente , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Recidiva
2.
Brain Res ; 1832: 148853, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458308

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Children who experience persistent psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are at a higher risk of developing psychotic disorder later in life. The developmental trajectories of PLEs are influenced by various factors. Therefore, it is important to identify early characteristics that can distinguish and predict between different developmental trajectories of PLEs. METHODS: Using PLEs scores from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) data across three waves, we categorized participants into five distinct PLEs trajectories groups: persistent group (n = 47), remitting group (n = 185), increasing group (n = 117), remittent group (n = 21), and no PLEs group (n = 4,476). We utilized linear mixed-effect models and generalized linear mixed-effect models to examine the differences in baseline characteristics, including psychological and behavioral problems, suicidality, trauma experiences, developmental milestones, cognitive function, physical health, family income, family history of mental illness, and brain structureamong these PLEs trajectory groups. RESULTS: We found that psychological and behavioral problems (such as DSM-oriented scales/externalizing/ADHD/social/attention/thought problems) assessed by the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) were associated with all PLEs groups. The persistent PLEs group had greater ADHD/social/thought problems and suicidal behavior compared to the remitting PLEs group. Comparing with the no PLEs group, poor cognitive function, abnormal brain structure (such as temporal lobe and supramarginal gyrus), more trauma experiences, and lower family income were found in only one of the PLEs groups, but not all PLEs groups. CONCLUSION: The development of PLEs is accompanied by changes in many domains, implying a dynamic and complex developmental process. Given that psychological and behavioral problems can predict the emergence of PLEs at any time and can be regarded as risk factors for persistent PLEs, thereby enabling early precisely interventions, it is important to place greater emphasis on assessing psychological and behavioral problems.

3.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 15(1): 2322390, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445506

RESUMO

Importance: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant mental health issue requiring a deeper understanding of its underlying causes, such as childhood maltreatment, adult bullying victimization, and depression. Previous studies have not adequately addressed the cumulative risks of these factors on NSSI among college students. This population-based study investigates these cumulative risk factors.Design, setting, and participants: The cross-sectional study included 63 university's college students with a mean age of 19.6 years (N = 95,833).Main outcomes and measures: Two Chi-Square Automatic Interaction Detection (CHAID) decision tree models were used to classify subgroups based on childhood maltreatment and adult bullying victimization experiences and to investigate their cumulative risks of NSSI. Recursive partitioning algorithms determined each predictor variable's relative importance.Results: The CHAID model accurately predicted NSSI behaviours with an overall accuracy rate of 77.8% for individuals with clinically relevant depressive symptoms and 97.2% for those without. Among depressed individuals, childhood emotional abuse was the strongest NSSI predictor (Chi-Square, 650.747; adjusted P < .001), followed by sexual and physical abuse. For non-depressed individuals, emotional abuse in childhood was the strongest NSSI predictor (Chi-Square, 2084.171; adjusted P < .001), with sexual and verbal bullying in the past year representing the most significant proximal risks.Conclusions and relevance: Emotional abuse during childhood profoundly impacts individuals, increasing the risk of NSSI in both depressed and non-depressed individuals. Clinically relevant depressive symptoms have a moderating effect on the relationship between childhood maltreatment, adult bullying victimization, and NSSI. Identifying these factors can inform targeted interventions to prevent NSSI development among young adults.


Emotional abuse during childhood has a profound impact on individuals, increasing their risk of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), regardless of whether they are depressed or non-depressed.Among depressed individuals, childhood emotional abuse emerges as the strongest predictor of NSSI, followed by sexual and physical abuse.In non-depressed individuals, emotional abuse in childhood assumes a similar role as the strongest NSSI predictor, with sexual abuse and verbal bullying in the past year representing the most significant proximal risks.


Assuntos
Bullying , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Criança , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Árvores de Decisões
4.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 12, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38173011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have investigated how adults with severe depressive symptoms are more likely to attempt suicide, and these adults often have traumatic experiences and chaotic sleep/wake rhythms. Thus, this study using Latent class analysis aimed to investigate the relationship between childhood trauma class, chronotype, and suicide attempts among emerging adults with severe depressive symptoms. METHODS: This study was conducted among emerging adults with severe depressive symptoms covering 63 Universities in Jilin Province, China. A total of 1,225 emerging adults (mean age = 19.6 ± 1.78) constructed the final sample. In addition to measuring socio-demographic characteristics, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, the Single-Item Chronotyping, and a single item for suicide attempts were used to evaluate childhood trauma, chronotype, and suicide attempts, respectively. Latent class analysis was applied to identify the classes of childhood trauma within emerging adults who had severe depressive symptoms. Hierarchical logistic regression models were run to investigate the effects of socio-demographic characteristics, chronotype, and childhood trauma class on suicide attempts. RESULTS: Three latent classes were identified: the Low-risk for childhood trauma class, the Neglect class, and the High-risk for childhood abuse class. Those who suffered sexual, emotional, and physical abuse at the same time were divided into the High-risk for childhood abuse class, and were significantly more likely to experience suicide attempts than those in the Neglect class (OR = 1.97, 95%CI = 1.34-2.89, p < 0.001) and the Low-risk for childhood trauma class (OR = 2.28, 95% CI = 1.50-3.46, p < 0.001). In terms of chronotype, the results showed that the chaotic type was a risk factor for suicide attempts when compared with the evening type (OR = 0.46, 95%CI = 0.27-0.78, p < 0.01), the moderately active type (OR = 0.53, 95%CI = 0.31-0.89, p < 0.05), and the daytime type (OR = 0.42, 95%CI = 0.21-0.86, p < 0.05). Overall, the significant risk factors for suicide attempts included being female, living in an urban area, having experienced sexual, emotional, and physical abuse simultaneously, and having a chaotic chronotype. CONCLUSION: Emerging adults suffering sexual, emotional, and physical abuse at the same time and identifying with chaotic chronotype showed a higher risk of attempting suicide. The findings provided a clinical reference to quickly identify those at high risk of suicide attempts among emerging adults with severe depressive symptoms.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância , Tentativa de Suicídio , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Cronotipo , China/epidemiologia
5.
J Affect Disord ; 350: 550-558, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38220116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessing diet quality has been challenging, and the associations of diet quality and daily free sugar intake with depressive and/or anxiety symptoms have shown inconsistency. METHODS: A total of 1749 students aged 12-16 years were recruited using stratified random cluster sampling across three cities in China. The overall Global Dietary Recommendations (GDR) score, a novel indicator of diet quality, was constructed using the low-burden Diet Quality Questionnaire. Free sugar intake, including from beverages and foods, was measured using the Food Frequency Questionnaire. Daily free sugar intake was divided into low, medium, and high categories based on the latest version of the dietary guidelines for Chinese residents. Binomial and multinominal logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations of the overall GDR score and daily free sugar intake categories or different sources of free sugar intake with depressive and/or anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: The overall GDR score was negatively associated with depressive symptoms (adjusted odds ratio[aOR] = 0.92, 95%CI: 0.87-0.98) and anxiety symptoms (0.95, 0.90-0.99), particularly with comorbid depression and anxiety (0.90, 0.84-0.97). Conversely, daily free sugar intake was positively associated with symptoms of depression and/or anxiety, the multiple aOR for symptoms depression or anxiety were significantly increased with higher daily free sugar intake (all Ptrend < 0.05). Both free sugar from beverages and from foods were positively associated with depressive and/or anxiety symptoms. These associations were consistent between males and females. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional design and self-reported symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Diet quality was negatively associated with symptoms of depression or anxiety, especially with comorbid symptoms among adolescents. Daily free sugar intake, regardless of its sources, was positively associated with symptoms of depression and/or anxiety.


Assuntos
Dieta , Alimentos , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Açúcares , Depressão/epidemiologia
6.
J Affect Disord ; 350: 801-812, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38272361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the association between sport-related concussions and the risk of suicidal and non-suicidal self-injury thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicidal ideation (SI), suicidal plan (SP), and suicidal attempt (SA), is crucial for suicide prevention. We aimed to identify the circumstances in which individuals with or without a concussion are vulnerable to SITBs. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 85,469 students from 63 Chinese university with a mean age of 19.6 years. Firstly, propensity score matching, and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) were used to match the concussion and non-concussion group based on a range of biological, social, and psychological factors. Subsequently, multivariable logistic regression and a decision tree algorithm were employed to evaluate the interaction and cumulative impact of these risk factors and concussion on the probability of SITBs. RESULTS: In the unmatched sample, concussion exposures were associated with all SITBs, with NSSI (OR, 1.41), SI (OR, 1.10), SP (OR, 1.23), and SA (OR, 1.28). However, the matched and weighted sample only had a significant association with NSSI and SI. The decision tree model revealed that, in the unmatched sample, among individuals without depressive symptoms or childhood emotional abuse, the risk of concussion on SITBs increased from 45.5 % to 65.2 % (χ2, 9.370; adjusted P = .002) after experiencing sexual abuse and verbal bullying. In the matched sample, the risk increased from 46.2 % to 64.6 % (χ2, 6.848; adjusted P = .009). CONCLUSION: Our study revealed that individuals who suffered concussions exhibited a significantly higher risk of SITBs.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Humanos , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/diagnóstico , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Fatores de Risco , Concussão Encefálica/epidemiologia , Concussão Encefálica/etiologia
7.
Acta Psychiatr Scand ; 149(3): 256-266, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Digital self-harm (DiSH) is a recently identified self-harm distinct from physical self-harm (PSH, also known as non-suicidal self-injury, NSSI). Although prior research has shown that DiSH was associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), it was still unclear whether DiSH has a unique association with STBs after controlling for PSH. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on Chinese college students. The lifetime prevalence of DiSH and PSH, the functions of DiSH, recent suicide experiences (including suicide ideation, plans, and attempts), anxiety and depression were examined. A total of 5281 participants were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 10.83% of participants had ever engaged in DiSH, and 1.59% of participants reported histories of both DiSH and PSH. Among participants with a history of PSH, 30.11% engaged in DiSH. Engagement in DiSH was significantly associated with suicide ideation (SI), suicide plans (SPs), and suicide attempts (SAs). More importantly, participants who engaged in both DiSH and PSH showed higher odds of SI and SPs compared to those who had only engaged in PSH. Regarding the functions of DiSH, using DiSH for self-punishment was associated with SI and SPs, and using DiSH for sensation seeking was associated with SPs and SAs. Similar results were found for the association between DiSH and anxiety and depression. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that DiSH has a unique association with the risks of STBs beyond PSH. Early identification and intervention for DiSH are crucial, even for individuals who already engage in PSH.


Assuntos
Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Ideação Suicida , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Tentativa de Suicídio , Ansiedade , Fatores de Risco
8.
bioRxiv ; 2023 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38045396

RESUMO

The human cerebral cortex is organized into functionally segregated but synchronized regions connected by the structural connectivity of white matter pathways. While the structure-function coupling has been implicated in cognitive development and neuropsychiatric disorders, it remains unclear to what extent the coupling reflects a group-common characteristic or varies across individuals at global and regional levels. Leveraging two independent, high-quality datasets, we found that the graph neural network predicted unseen individuals' functional connectivity from structural connectivity more accurately than previous studies, reflecting a strong structure-function coupling. This coupling was primarily driven by network topology and was substantially stronger than linear models. We also found that structure-function coupling was dominated by the group-common effects, with subtle yet significant individual-specific effects. The regional group and individual effects in the coupling were both hierarchically organized across the cortex along a sensorimotor-association cortical axis, with lower group effects and higher individual effects in association cortices. These findings emphasize the importance of considering the group and individual effects in cortical structure-function coupling, suggesting insights into connectivity-guided therapeutics.

9.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38102486

RESUMO

Parent-child transmission of suicidal behaviors has been extensively studied, but the investigation of a three-generation family suicide risk paradigm remains limited. In this study, we aimed to explore the behavioral and brain signatures of multi-generational family history of suicidal behaviors (FHoS) in preadolescents, utilizing a longitudinal design and the dataset from Adolescent Brain and Cognitive DevelopmentSM Study (ABCD Study®), which comprised 4 years of data and includes a total of 9,653 preadolescents. Our findings revealed that multi-generational FHoS was significantly associated with an increased risk of problematic behaviors and suicidal behaviors (suicide ideation and suicide attempt) in offspring. Interestingly, the problematic behaviors were further identified as a mediator in the multi-generational transmission of suicidal behaviors. Additionally, we observed alterations in brain structure within superior temporal gyrus (STG), precentral/postcentral cortex, posterior parietal cortex (PPC), cingulate cortex (CC), and planum temporale (PT), as well as disrupted functional connectivity of default mode network (DMN), ventral attention network (VAN), dorsal attention network (DAN), fronto-parietal network (FPN), and cingulo-opercular network (CON) among preadolescents with FHoS. These results provide compelling longitudinal evidence at the population level, highlighting the associations between multi-generational FHoS and maladaptive behavioral and neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring. These findings underscore the need for early preventive measures aimed at mitigating the familial transmission of suicide risk and reducing the global burden of deaths among children and adolescents.

10.
Gen Psychiatr ; 36(5): e101133, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37859750

RESUMO

Background: Youth suicide has been a pressing public mental health concern in China, yet there is a lack of gatekeeper intervention programmes developed locally to prevent suicide among Chinese adolescents. Aims: The current Delphi study was the first step in the systematic development of the Life Gatekeeper programme, the first gatekeeper programme to be developed locally in China that aims to equip teachers and parents with the knowledge, skills and ability to identify and intervene with students at high risk of suicide. Methods: The Delphi method was used to elicit a consensus of experts who were invited to evaluate the importance of training content, the feasibility of the training delivery method, the possibility of achieving the training goals and, finally, the appropriateness of the training materials. Two Delphi rounds were conducted among local experts with diversified professional backgrounds in suicide research and practice. Statements were accepted for inclusion in the adjusted training programme if they were endorsed by at least 80% of the panel. Results: Consensus was achieved on 201 out of 207 statements for inclusion into the adapted guidelines for the gatekeeper programme, with 151 from the original questionnaire and 50 generated from comments of the panel members. These endorsed statements were synthesised to develop the content of the Life Gatekeeper training programme. Conclusions: This Delphi study provided an evidence base for developing the first gatekeeper training programme systematically and locally in China. We hope that the current study can pave the way for more evidence-based suicide prevention programmes in China. Further study is warranted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Life Gatekeeper training programme.

11.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 89: 103755, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37672951

RESUMO

To combat the pressing issue of contemporary suicide rates, an effective Life Gatekeeper training program was developed to educate school teachers in identifying and intervening with at-risk students. Two single-arm sequential studies evaluated the program's effectiveness, spanning implementation science stages from design to refinement. The initial study employed face-to-face training (FTF), followed by a standardized video-based 'Train-the-trainer' (TTT) approach. In Study 1, post-intervention and one-month follow-up results showed improved suicide literacy, reduced stigma, and increased willingness to intervene among gatekeepers. The revised TTT program (study 2) also yielded reduced stigmatization and improved intervention competence. In addition, six out of twenty teachers exhibited gatekeeper behaviors. In conclusion, both delivery methods proved effective, particularly the practical application of the TTT version, although further research is warranted to examine long-term effectiveness of the program.


Assuntos
População do Leste Asiático , Prevenção ao Suicídio , Suicídio , Adolescente , Humanos , Professores Escolares , Estudantes
12.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 37: 100794, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37693882

RESUMO

Non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) is a serious public health concern that requires immediate attention. Despite the high prevalence of NSSI among the Chinese population, there is a significant gap in research on the comprehensive picture of this field. Therefore, a scoping review was conducted to investigate the prevalence, methods, risk factors, and preventive intervention programs related to NSSI in China. The review found that the estimated lifetime prevalence of NSSI among Chinese youth population is alarmingly high at 24.7% (N = 1,088,433). Common methods of NSSI include scratching, hitting, and biting. Additionally, the review synthesized 249 risk factors based on the biopsychosocial-ecological framework, highlighting the urgent need for intervention. However, only 12 empirical studies focus on NSSI prevention or intervention programs were included. These findings underscore the necessity for more clinical practices and larger studies to identify effective interventions and ultimately alleviate the burden of NSSI on the Chinese population. Funding: This review was supported by Humanity and Social Science Youth foundation of Ministry of Education (22YJCZH018), Science and Technology Innovation 2030 (STI2030-Major Projects:2021ZD0200702), National Natural Science Foundation of China (81825009), and Shuimu Tsinghua Scholar. No funding agencies were involved in the data collection, data analysis, and writing of this paper.

13.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 124(Pt B): 110275, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37741127

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to search for biomarker and effective treatment measures for septic hepatitis. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to establish septic hepatitis (SH) model in vivo and in vitro. Proteomics, immunoprecipitation, molecular docking techniques, and CARD9 knockout (KO) mice and silence Chang liver Cell(CLC) were used to search for biomarker and possible treatment targets and treatment measures for SH. 46 differentially expressed proteins were found in the liver tissues of sepsis mice, among which CARD9 changed most. CARD9 KO and silence significantly relieved sepsis induced SH in vivo and in vitro. Tiliroside (TIS), an effective component of Buddleja officinalis Maxim, significantly improved SH by regulating CARD9 mediated MAPK/NF-κB signal pathway. In conclusion, CARD9 may be the important molecular targets for SH. TIS could protect SH via CARD9 mediated MAPK/NF-κB signal pathway. The findings provide a new treatment target for SH and a potential treatment measure.


Assuntos
Hepatite , Sepse , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/metabolismo
14.
JAMA Netw Open ; 6(9): e2333164, 2023 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37695580

RESUMO

Importance: Suicidality poses a serious global health concern, particularly in the sexual and gender minority population. While various studies have focused on investigating chronic stressors, the precise prediction effect of daily experiences on suicide ideation remains uncertain. Objective: To test the extent to which mood fluctuations and contextual stressful events experienced by sexual and gender minority individuals may predict later short- and long-term suicide ideation. Design, Setting, and Participants: This diagnostic study collected twice-daily data on mood states and stressful events from sexual and gender minority individuals over 25 days throughout 3 waves of the Chinese Lunar New Year (before, during, and after), and follow-up surveys assessing suicidal ideation were conducted 1, 3, and 8 months later. Online recruitment advertisements were used to recruit young adults throughout China. Eligible participants were self-identified as sexual and gender minority individuals aged 18 to 29 years. Those who were diagnosed with psychotic disorders (eg, schizophrenia spectrum or schizotypal disorder) or prevented from objective factors (ie, not having a phone or having an irregular sleep rhythm) were excluded. Data were collected from January to October 2022. Main Outcomes and Measures: To predict short-term (1 month) and longer-term (3 and 8 months) suicidal ideation, the study tested several approaches by using machine learning including chronic stress baseline data (baseline approach), dynamic patterns of mood states and stressful events (ecological momentary assessment [EMA] approach), and a combination of baseline data and dynamic patterns (EMA plus baseline approach). Results: A total of 103 sexual and gender minority individuals participated in the study (mean [SD] age, 24.2 [2.5] years; 72 [70%] female). Of these, 19 (18.4%; 95% CI, 10.9%-25.9%), 25 (24.8%; 95% CI, 16.4%-33.2%), 30 (29.4%; 95% CI, 20.6%-38.2%), and 32 (31.1%; 95% CI, 22.2%-40.0%) reported suicidal ideation at baseline, 1, 3, and 8 months follow-up, respectively. The EMA approach showed better performance than the baseline and baseline plus EMA approaches at 1-month follow-up (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC], 0.80; 95% CI, 0.78-0.81) and slightly better performance on the prediction of suicidal ideation at 3 and 8 months' follow-up. In addition, the best approach predicting suicidal ideation was obtained during Lunar New Year period at 1-month follow-up, which had a mean AUC of 0.77 (95% CI, 0.74-0.79) and better performance at 3 and 8 months' follow-up (AUC, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.72-0.76 and AUC, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.69-0.74, respectively). Conclusions and Relevance: The findings in this study emphasize the importance of contextual risk factors experienced by sexual and gender minority individuals at different stages. The use of machine learning may facilitate the identification of individuals who are at risk and aid in the development of personalized process-based early prevention programs to mitigate future suicide risk.


Assuntos
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Ideação Suicida , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Masculino , Avaliação Momentânea Ecológica , Comportamento Sexual , Aprendizado de Máquina
15.
Psychol Trauma ; 2023 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37650803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma has been identified as a risk factor for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (STBs), but the roles of different types of childhood trauma have not been clarified. The current study aimed to explore the association between different childhood trauma experiences and STB profiles. METHOD: The current study utilized data from a cross-sectional survey of 89,281 Chinese university and college students (Mage = 19.6). Participants were classified into one of six STBs groups, including individuals who are not suicidal or having nonsuicidal self-injury (NS) behavior, individuals with suicidal ideation (SI), individuals with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) behavior, individuals with suicide attempt (SA), individuals with both NSSI and SI (NSSI + SI) and individuals with both NSSI and SA (NSSI + SA). Several multinomial logistic regressions were performed. RESULTS: The individuals reporting more emotional abuse experiences are significantly more likely to report higher-risk STB profiles (OR =1.06-1.64). Emotional neglect is also a significant factor predicting higher STB risk compared to NS and SI groups (OR = 1.02-1.08). Mixed findings were found for physical neglect and sexual abuse, as they show different directions of risk-predicting effects in different STB groups. Physical abuse did not significantly predict STBs. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that exposure to childhood emotional abuse increase the risk for all types of STBs, which calls for special attention in future suicide prevention and intervention programs. Our findings further imply possible roles for different subtypes of traumatic experiences to trigger different SBTs, which warrant future exploration. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

16.
J Affect Disord ; 341: 26-34, 2023 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37625703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Milk tea has experienced tremendous growth in popularity in China, especially among youths. The primary objective of this study is to investigate whether milk tea addiction may have a detrimental impact on youths' mental health, such as anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation. Additionally, we aim to explore its potential role in influencing various mental health outcomes. METHODS: A large-scale, cross-sectional study was conducted from 5281 college students in Beijing, China. Participants self-reported depressive, anxiety symptoms, suicidal ideation, and milk tea addiction symptoms including milk tea consumption, dependence, guilty feelings, withdrawal, tolerance, unable to stop, craving, and intention to stop. RESULTS: Nearly 77 % of participants consumed milk tea at least 6-11 cups in the last year. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported the one-factor structure of the milk tea addiction scale, developed according to DSM-5 substance use guidelines. Moreover, we found that a higher level of milk tea addiction was significantly associated with a higher risk of depression (b = 0.24, p < 0.001), anxiety (b = 0.21, p < 0.001), and suicidal ideation (b = 0.06, p < 0.001), respectively, after controlling confounding variables, among youths consuming milk tea. The possible mediating role of milk tea addiction between loneliness feelings and mental health outcomes was further addressed. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Our findings highlighted that milk tea consumption might lead to addiction, and it is associated with depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation. Current findings can assist policymakers in developing regulations such as restricting advertising, providing psycho-education, establishing food hygiene standards for such a prosperous youth-dominant consumption industry while protecting their mental health.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Leite , Humanos , Adolescente , Animais , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Emoções
17.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 9: e47058, 2023 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37418293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increase in tobacco/conventional cigarette (CC) and electronic cigarette (EC) usage among Chinese youth has become a growing public health concern. This is the first large-scale study to compare the impact of CC and EC usage on risk for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality in cis-heterosexual and sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth populations in China. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the CC and EC risks for NSSI and suicidality among Chinese youth and compares the extent to which SGM and cis-heterosexual youth's risks for NSSI and suicidality are influenced by their CC and EC usage and dependence. METHODS: A total of 89,342 Chinese participants completed a cross-sectional self-report survey in 2021. Sociodemographic information, sexual orientations, gender identities, CC and EC usage, CC and EC dependence, and risks for suicidality and NSSI were assessed. The Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test were performed for nonnormally distributed continuous variables and categorical variables, respectively. The multivariable linear regression model was used to examine both the influence of CC and EC usage and CC and EC dependence on NSSI and suicidality as well as the interaction effects of CC and EC usage and CC and EC dependence on NSSI and suicidality by group. RESULTS: The prevalence of CC usage (P<.001) and dependence (P<.001) among SGM participants was lower than that among their cis-heterosexual counterparts. However, the prevalence of EC usage (P=.03) and EC dependence (P<.001) among SGM participants was higher than that among their cis-heterosexual counterparts. The multivariable linear regression model showed that CC dependence and EC dependence had a unique effect on NSSI and suicidality (CCs: B=0.02, P<.001; B=0.09, P<.001; ECs: B=0.05, P<.001; B=0.14, P<.001, respectively). The interaction effects of (1) CC usage and group type on NSSI and suicidality (B=0.34, P<.001; B=0.24, P=.03, respectively) and dual usage and group type on NSSI and suicidality (B=0.54, P<.001; B=0.84, P<.001, respectively) were significant, (2) CC dependence and group type on NSSI were significant (B=0.07, P<.001), and (3) EC dependence and group type on NSSI and suicidality were significant (B=0.04, P<.001; B=0.09, P<.001, respectively). No significant interaction effect was observed between EC usage and group type on NSSI and suicidality (B=0.15, P=.12; B=0.33, P=.32, respectively) and between CC dependence and group type on suicidality (B=-0.01, P=.72). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows evidence of intergroup differences in NSSI and suicidality risks between SGM and cis-heterosexual youth related to CC and EC usage. These findings contribute to the growing literature on CC and EC in cis-heterosexual and SGM populations. Concerted efforts are necessary at a societal level to curb the aggressive marketing strategies of the EC industry and media coverage and to maximize the impact of educational campaigns on EC prevention and intervention among the youth population.


Assuntos
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Suicídio , Humanos , Adolescente , Autorrelato , Estudos Transversais , População do Leste Asiático , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia
18.
Digit Health ; 9: 20552076231187476, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37485331

RESUMO

Background: To address the lack of mental health practitioners in developing countries, the current study explored the feasibility of a newly developed self-guided digital intervention program TEA (training for emotional adaptation) in alleviating depressive and anxiety symptoms, as one of a few studies which adapted from theoretical models with effective intervention techniques. Methods: The first part of this study involved 11 professional mental health practitioners giving feedback on the feasibility of the TEA; while the second part involved a mixed-method single-arm study with 32 participants recruited online, who went through the seven intervention sessions within 14 days. The questionnaires were collected before, after, 14 days after, and 30 days after intervention. Additionally, 10 participants were invited to semi-structured interviews regarding their suggestions. Results: Practitioners thought that the TEA showed high professionalism (8.91/10) and is suitable for treating emotional symptoms (8.09/10). The generalized estimating equation model showed that the TEA significantly reduced participants' depressive and anxiety symptoms, while the effects of the intervention remained 30 days post intervention (Cohen's d > 1). Thematic analysis revealed three main themes about future improvement, including content improvement, interaction improvement, and bug-fixing. Conclusions: To address the current needs for digital mental health intervention programs to account for the insufficient availability of mental health services in China, the current study provides preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of TEA, with the potential to address the urgent need for remote mental health services. Trial registration: The study was registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Register (ChiCTR), with number [ChiCTR2200065944].

19.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 86: 103660, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37307701

RESUMO

In this randomized clinical trial, we investigated the efficacy of an online solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) for adolescents' anxiety symptoms during the COVID-19 period. Eligible participants were between the ages of 11 and 18 years, scored a 10 or above on the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7). The results found that compared to adolescents who did not receive any treatment, the intervention yielded significant results in alleviating adolescents' anxiety and depressive symptoms while promoting problem oriented coping strategies at immediate post-intervention. The therapeutic benefit has persisted, as shown in our results from the 1-month follow-up.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Psicoterapia Breve , Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Psicoterapia Breve/métodos , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Ansiedade/terapia , Adaptação Psicológica , Resultado do Tratamento
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