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1.
Curr Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011835

RESUMO

Many organisms secrete xylanase, an import group of proteins hydrolyzing xylan, and thus are able to use xylan as their carbon source. In this study, we sequenced the whole genome of a bacterial strain, YD01, which was isolated from the sludge near the sewage discharge outlet of a papermill and showed high alkalic xylanase activity. Its genome consists of a chromosome and two plasmids. Six rRNA genes, 46 tRNA genes, 3136 CDSs as well as 955 repetitive sequences were predicted. 3046 CDSs were functionally annotated. Phylogenetic analysis on 16S rRNA shows that YD01 is a new species in Microbacterium genus and is taxonomically close to M. jejuense THG-C31T and M. kyungheense THG-C26T. A comparative study on phylogenetic trees of 16S rRNA and xylanase genes suggests that xylanase genes in YD01 may originate from horizontal gene transfer instead of ancestral gene duplication.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037543

RESUMO

This innovative study makes use of a thermal hydrolysis process (THP) and the conditioner sodium persulfate (SPS) to improve the dewaterability of sewage sludge. The best-operating conditions were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM): 100 mg/g of dry solids (DS) of SPS, 101 min of reaction time of THP, and a temperature of 200 °C. Distribution of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), zeta potential, bound water, and solid characters were analyzed to reveal the mechanisms involved in the dewatering process. These results indicate that the sewage sludge after treatment (SPS combined with THP) had a superior dewaterability. The specific resistance to filtration (SRF) under the best conditions was 0.51 × 1011 m/kg, decreasing by 91.65% compared to the raw sludge (RS) (6.11 × 1011 m/kg). This mechanism could be explained as follows: (1) Aromaticity and hydrophobicity of sludge cake after SPS + THP treatment was increased; (2) sludge flocs were re-flocculated by charge neutralization, giving rise to a loose and porous structure; (3) the structure of extracellular polymeric substances and cells was destroyed, and the bound water was released. Overall, the conditioning by combination of SPS and THP is an effective mean to improve sewage sludge dewaterability. Graphical abstract.

3.
Int J Pharm ; : 119936, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038455

RESUMO

Ethosomes are widely applied as the carriers for the transdermal delivery of hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs. Herein, curcumin-loaded ethosomes (CE) with different phospholipid composition were formulated and thoroughly compared. A significant interaction between the unsaturated phosphatidylcholine (PC) and saturated hydrogenated phosphatidylcholine (HPC) was found by molecular simulation and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), which led to the reduction of PC peroxidation with the presence of HPC. Subsequently, the composite phospholipid ethosomes containing curcumin were prepared for the first time to evaluate their properties in comparison with the conventional ethosomes composed of PC (CE-P) or HPC (CE-H). CE with PC/HPC ratio of 1:1 (CE-P1H1) with the best vesicle stability and flexibility significantly decreased the uptake by HaCaT cells compared to CE-H and free curcumin, indicating reduced skin cell toxicity. Compared with free curcumin, CE-P1H1 had the highest transdermal efficiency (p<0.001), followed by CE-P (p<0.05), partly due to the fact that CE-P1H1 could disturb lipid domain of stratum corneum (SC). Moreover, CE-P1H1 was found to promote curcumin for deep penetration of the skin via the hair follicles route. Our study has shown that using composite phospholipid ethosomes as lipid vesicular carriers could enhance transdermal penetration of drugs and increase in the vesicle stability.

4.
J Vis Exp ; (163)2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044454

RESUMO

Sleep disturbance is generally common in populations as a chronic disease or a complained event. Chronic sleep disturbance is proposed to be closely linked to the pathogenesis of diseases, especially neurodegenerative diseases. We recently found that 2 months of sleep fragmentation initiated Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like behavioral and pathological changes in young wild-type mice. Herein, we present a standardized protocol to achieve chronic sleep fragmentation (CSF). Briefly, CSF was induced by an orbital rotor vibrating at 110 rpm and operating with a repetitive cycle of 10 s-on, 110 s-off, during light-ON phase (8:00 AM-8:00 PM) continuously for up to 2 months. Impairments of spatial learning and memory, anxiety-like but not depression-like behavior in mice as consequences of CSF modeling, were evaluated with Morris water maze (MWM), Novel object recognition (NOR), Open field test (OFT) and Forced swimming test (FST). In comparison with other sleep manipulations, this protocol minimizes the handling labors and maximizes the modeling efficiency. It produces stable phenotypes in young wild-type mice and can be potentially generated for a variety of research purposes.

5.
Cancer Invest ; : 1-10, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998588

RESUMO

To evaluate prognosis of breast cancer patients, a total of 16618 TNBC patients from SEER database were involved. High grade, unmarried status, tumor site were the main factors reduced OS in stage I. Black race, unmarried, large tumor size, and nodes metastasis would make worse prognosis in stage II. Compared with stage II, race and marital status had no significant effect on the prognosis in stage III. In stage IV, married status significantly improved the OS and DSS. Surgery and chemotherapy improve survival time in all of stages. Clinicopathological status correlated with the prognosis of patients with differentially staged TNBC.

6.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; : 115286, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068621

RESUMO

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is deemed to a severe surgical complication without effective treatment. Previous work has confirmed the important modulatory role of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in cognitive function. This study was proposed to explore whether H2S relieves POCD and the possible mechanisms. We demonstrated that NaHS (a donor of H2S) reversed the inhibited endogenous H2S generation in the hippocampus of postoperative rats. NaHS attenuated the cognitive impairment of postoperative rats in the Y-maze, Novel object recognition, and Morris water maze tests. NaHS enhanced the expressions of synaptic plasticity-related proteins, synapsin-1 and PSD-95, increased the synaptic density, and decreased the destruction of synaptic structures in the hippocampus of postoperative rats. Moreover, NaHS promoted Warburg effect in the hippocampus of postoperative rats, as reflected by increases in the expressions of hexokinase 2, pyruvate kinase M2, lactate dehydrogenase A, and pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1, an enhancement in the content of lactate, and a reduction in the expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase. The inhibitor of Warburg effect, 2-Deoxy-d-glucose (2-DG), not only reversed NaHS-enhanced Warburg effect in the hippocampus of postoperative rats, but also significantly abolished NaHS-exerted protective effect on cognitive function. Furthermore, 2-DG reversed NaHS-exerted enhancement in the expressions of synapsin-1 and PSD-95, increase in the synaptic density, and decrease in the destruction of synaptic structures in the hippocampus of postoperative rats. Collectively, these results indicate that H2S alleviates POCD through enhancing hippocampal Warburg effect, which subsequently improves synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus.

7.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(16): 2468-2476, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029089

RESUMO

Rationale: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first announced in Wuhan, and has rapidly evolved into a pandemic. However, the risk factors associated with the severity and mortality of COVID-19 are yet to be described in detail. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the information of 1525 cases from the Leishenshan Hospital in Wuhan. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were generated to explore the relationship between procalcitonin (PCT) level and the progression and prognosis of COVID-19. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to explore the relationship between disease severity in hospitalized patients and their PCT levels. Survival curves and the cumulative hazard function for COVID-19 progression were conducted in the two groups. To further detect the relationship between the computed tomography score and survival days, curve-fitting analyses were performed. Results: Patients in the elevated PCT group had a higher incidence of severe and critical severity conditions (P < 0.001), death, and higher computed tomography (CT) scores. There was an association between elevated PCT levels and mortality in the univariate ((hazard ratio [1], 3.377; 95% confidence interval [2], 1.012-10.344; P = 0.033) and multivariate Cox regression analysis (HR, 4.933; 95% CI, 1.170-20.788; P = 0.030). Similarly, patients with elevated PCT were more likely to have critically severe disease conditions in the univariate (odds ratio [2], 7.247; 95% CI, 3.559-14.757; P < 0.001) and multivariate logistic regression analysis (OR, 10.679; 95% CI, 4.562-25.000; P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier curves showed poorer prognosis for patients with elevated PCT (P = 0.024). The CT score 1 for patients with elevated PCT peaked at day 40 following the onset of symptoms then decreased gradually, while their total CT score was relatively stable. Conclusion: PCT level was shown as an independent risk factor of in-hospital mortality among COVID-19 patients. Compared with inpatients with normal PCT levels, inpatients with elevated PCT levels had a higher risk for overall mortality and critically severe disease. These findings may provide guidance for improving the prognosis of patients with critically severe COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 28(21): 115722, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065444

RESUMO

IMMH001, which is a prodrug for sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P1) agonist, is converted to the active form, its monophosphate ester (S)-IMMH001-P, by sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) and sphingosine kinase 2 (SphK2) in vivo. In this study, we designed head-piece-modified analogues of IMMH001 based on structural information and prepared them with an efficient modular synthetic strategy. The analogues showed higher phosphorylation rates in human blood than the parent compound. These results indicated that the pro-R hydroxymethyl in the head-piece-moiety of IMMH001 prevents the pro-S hydroxymethyl from being phosphorylated by the kinase and ATP. The analogues may have better therapeutic potential.

9.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 473, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) are signaling enzymes that play pivotal roles in response to abiotic and biotic stresses by phosphorylating diacylglycerol (DAG) to form phosphatidic acid (PA). However, no comprehensive analysis of the DGK gene family had previously been reported in B. napus and its diploid progenitors (B. rapa and B. oleracea). RESULTS: In present study, we identified 21, 10, and 11 DGK genes from B. napus, B. rapa, and B. oleracea, respectively, which all contained conserved catalytic domain and were further divided into three clusters. Molecular evolutionary analysis showed that speciation and whole-genome triplication (WGT) was critical for the divergence of duplicated DGK genes. RNA-seq transcriptome data revealed that, with the exception of BnaDGK4 and BnaDGK6, BnaDGK genes have divergent expression patterns in most tissues. Furthermore, some DGK genes were upregulated or downregulated in response to hormone treatment and metal ion (arsenic and cadmium) stress. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that different BnaDGK genes contribute to seed oil content. CONCLUSIONS: Together, our results indicate that DGK genes have diverse roles in plant growth and development, hormone response, and metal ion stress, and in determining seed oil content, and lay a foundation for further elucidating the roles of DGKs in Brassica species.

10.
Immunol Res ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064263

RESUMO

Serum homocysteine (HCY) levels have been associated with the occurrence of coronary stenosis and disease activity in large-vessel vasculitis. However, whether increases in serum HCY levels and traditional lipid indicators are associated with coronary artery involvement and disease activity in Chinese Han Takayasu arteritis (TA) patients is unknown. This study aims to investigate the clinical and laboratory features of TA by assessing their association with disease activity in TA patients, and to explore the risk factors associated with coronary artery involvement in these patients. Serum HCY levels and traditional lipid indicators were tested in one hundred ninety TA patients and one hundred fifty-four healthy controls. We analyzed the relationships of serum HCY levels and traditional lipid indicators with disease activity and analyzed the risk factors for coronary artery involvement. Twenty-one TA patients were found to have coronary artery stenosis (≥ 50%). TA patients had significantly higher levels of HCY than did healthy controls (p < 0.0001). Serum levels of HCY and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C); the ratios of LDL-C to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC) to HDL-C, and triglycerides (TG) to HDL-C; and the values of atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) were significantly higher in patients with active TA than in patients with inactive TA and in TA patients with coronary artery involvement than in TA patients without coronary artery involvement. By contrast, the serum levels of HDL-C were significantly lower in patients with active TA than in patients with inactive TA and in TA patients with coronary artery involvement than in TA patients without coronary artery involvement (p < 0.05). In addition, the serum levels of TC and TG were significantly higher in TA patients with coronary artery involvement than those in TA patients without coronary artery involvement. Elevated serum HCY levels increased the risk of coronary artery involvement by 1.3-fold (p = 0.011, odds ratio [OR] = 1.275, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.056-1.539), and the cutoff value for serum HCY was 9.55 µmol/L. Elevated serum TG levels increased the risk of coronary artery involvement by 3.5-fold (p < 0.0001, OR = 3.534, 95% CI: 1.907-6.547), and the cutoff value for serum TG was 1.215 mmol/L. The risk of coronary artery involvement was 2.5-fold higher when an elevated TG/HDL-C ratio was present (p < 0.0001, OR = 2.513, 95% CI: 1.567-4.032). This study showed that serum HCY and TG levels and the TG/HDL-C ratio are independent risk factors for coronary artery involvement in TA patients.

11.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031589

RESUMO

DNA methylation is a comprehensively studied epigenetic modification and plays crucial roles in cancer development. In the present study, MethylCap-seq was used to characterize the genome-wide DNA methylation patterns in canine high-grade B-cell lymphoma (cHGBL). Canine methylated DNA fragments were captured and the MEDIUM-HIGH and LOW fraction of methylated DNA was obtained based on variation in CpG methylation density. In the MEDIUM-HIGH and LOW fraction, 2144 and 1987 cHGBL-specific hypermethylated genes, respectively, were identified. Functional analysis highlighted pathways strongly related to oncogenesis. The relevant signaling pathways associated with neuronal system were also revealed, echoing recent novel findings that neurogenesis plays key roles in tumor establishment. In addition, 14 genes were hypermethylated in all the cHGBL cases but not in the healthy dogs. These genes might be potential signatures for tracing cHGBL, and some of them have been reported to play roles in various types of cancers. Further, the distinct methylation pattern of cHGBL showed a concordance with the clinical outcome, suggesting that aberrant epigenetic changes may influence tumor behavior. In summary, our study characterized genome-wide DNA methylation patterns using MethylCap-seq in cHGBL; the findings suggest that specific DNA hypermethylation holds promise for dissecting tumorigenesis and uncovering biomarkers for monitoring the progression of cHGBL.

12.
Curr Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034767

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEN) is a severe contaminant mycotoxin found worldwide. Our previous results indicate that Bacillus velezensis A2 isolated from ZEN-contaminated crop soil can degrade ZEN. Here, we present the complete genomic sequence of B. velezensis A2 (the Genbank accession number: CP053717), which contains 3,929,218 bp in the chromosome, has a GC content of 46.5%, and contains the encoded ZEN-degrading enzyme gene. The complete genomic sequence can provide a genomic basis for a series of A2 biotechnology applications as an effective method of degrading ZEN.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The debate concerning the optimal choice of tricuspid position continues. We compared the long-term results of mechanical and biological prostheses in patients who underwent isolated or combined tricuspid valve replacement, at 2 major cardiac surgical centres in central China. METHODS: From January 1999 to December 2018, 338 patients underwent tricuspid valve replacement. Patients were divided into an isolated group or a combined group according to whether their surgery was combined with a left heart valve surgery. Mechanical tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 142 patients (isolated group: 41 vs combined group: 101), and 196 patients underwent bioprosthetic tricuspid valve replacement (isolated group: 145 vs combined group: 51). Operative results, long-term survival and tricuspid valve-related events were compared. RESULTS: Early mortality in the combined group was higher (n = 6, 4%) than that in the isolated group (n = 3, 2%), but no significant difference was observed between the mechanical and biological subgroups. In the isolated group, there was a higher event-free rate in the biological subgroup than in the mechanical subgroup (P = 0.042) and a similar result was also observed for patients without Ebstein's anomaly (P = 0.039). In the combined group, no significant difference was observed (P = 0.98). Survival rates were similar between the mechanical and biological subgroups in both the isolated (P = 0.54) and combined (P = 0.81) groups. Mechanical valves in isolated tricuspid valve replacement were more prone to valve thrombosis and bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Every decision regarding tricuspid valve prostheses should be individualized, but biological prostheses may be an optimal choice for patients, especially for patients without Ebstein's anomaly, in isolated tricuspid valve replacement.

14.
Cell Mol Neurobiol ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058074

RESUMO

Arachidonic acid (AA), a polyunsaturated fatty acid, is involved in the modulation of neuronal excitability in the brain. Arachidonate lipoxygenase 3 (ALOXE3), a critical enzyme in the AA metabolic pathway, catalyzes the derivate of AA into hepoxilins. However, the expression pattern of ALOXE3 and its role in the brain has not been described until now. Here we showed that the levels of Aloxe3 mRNA and protein kept increasing since birth and reached the highest level at postnatal day 30 in the mouse hippocampus and temporal cortex. Histomorphological analyses indicated that ALOXE3 was enriched in adult hippocampus, somatosensory cortex and striatum. The distribution was restricted to the neurites of function-specific subregions, such as mossy fibre connecting hilus and CA3 neurons, termini of Schaffer collateral projections, and the layers III and IV of somatosensory cortex. The spatiotemporal expression pattern of ALOXE3 suggests its potential role in the modulation of neural excitability and seizure susceptibility. In fact, decreased expression of ALOXE3 and elevated concentration of AA in the hippocampus was found after status epilepticus (SE) induced by pilocarpine. Local overexpression of ALOXE3 via adeno-associated virus gene transfer restored the elevated AA level induced by SE, alleviated seizure severities by increasing the latencies to myclonic switch, clonic convulsions and tonic hindlimb extensions, and decreased the mortality rate in the pilocarpine-induced SE model. These results suggest that the expression of ALOXE3 is a crucial regulator of AA metabolism in brain, and potentially acts as a regulator of neural excitability, thereby controlling brain development and seizure susceptibility.

15.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e037879, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033091

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Both regional analgesia and intravenous analgesia are frequently used perioperatively for patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI). Nevertheless, the comparison of perioperative effect of regional and intravenous analgesia has not yet been thoroughly illustrated. This study will comprehensively compare patient-controlled regional analgesia (PCRA) and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) as two different perioperative analgesia approaches for patients with CLI. It investigates their effects on analgesia, reperfusion and the quality of recovery perioperatively, also aims to provide clinical evidence to those non-surgical patients with non-reconstructable arteries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This trial is a randomised, single-centre, open-label, parallel trial with target sample size of 52 in total. Eligible participants will be randomly allocated to the PCRA group (group R) or the PCIA group (group I) after admission. Participants in group R will receive ultrasound-guided subgluteal sciatic catheterisation, followed by continuous PCRA infusion (0.2% ropivacaine 15 mL as loading dose, 8 mL/hour as background with a patient-controlled bolus of 6 mL). Participants in group I will receive PCIA (morphine is given in boluses of 1 mg as needed, background infusion at 1 mg/hour). Data will be collected at baseline (T0), 2 hours before revascularisation treatment (T1) and 2 hours before discharge (T2). The primary outcomes include the Numerical Rating Scale pain score at T1 and T2. The secondary outcomes include the perioperative transcutaneous oxygen pressure, the Tissue Haemoglobin Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at T1 and T2; the Patient Global Impression of Change and patient satisfaction at T1 and T2; the perioperative cumulative morphine consumption, the length of postoperative hospital stay and adverse events. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study received authorisation from the Institutional Review Board of Peking Union Medical College Hospital on 21 March 2017 (approval no. ZS-1289X). Study findings will be disseminated through presentations at scientific conferences or publications in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000029298). PROTOCOL VERSION: V.4CP.B2 (15 June 2020).

16.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(10): e1008944, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075108

RESUMO

Feline calicivirus (FCV) belongs to the Caliciviridae, which comprises small RNA viruses of both medical and veterinary importance. Once infection has occurred, FCV can persist in the cat population, but the molecular mechanism of how it escapes the innate immune response is still unknown. In this study, we found FCV strain 2280 to be relatively resistant to treatment with IFN-ß. FCV 2280 infection inhibited IFN-induced activation of the ISRE (Interferon-stimulated response element) promoter and transcription of ISGs (Interferon-stimulated genes). The mechanistic analysis showed that the expression of IFNAR1, but not IFNAR2, was markedly reduced in FCV 2280-infected cells by inducing the degradation of IFNAR1 mRNA, which inhibited the phosphorylation of downstream adaptors. Further, overexpression of the FCV 2280 nonstructural protein p30, but not p30 of the attenuated strain F9, downregulated the expression of IFNAR1 mRNA. His-p30 fusion proteins were produced in Escherichia coli and purified, and an in vitro digestion assay was performed. The results showed that 2280 His-p30 could directly degrade IFNAR1 RNA but not IFNAR2 RNA. Moreover, the 5'UTR of IFNAR1 mRNA renders it directly susceptible to cleavage by 2280 p30. Next, we constructed two chimeric viruses: rFCV 2280-F9 p30 and rFCV F9-2280 p30. Compared to infection with the parental virus, rFCV 2280-F9 p30 infection displayed attenuated activities in reducing the level of IFNAR1 and inhibiting the phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT2, whereas rFCV F9-2280 p30 displayed enhanced activities. Animal experiments showed that the virulence of rFCV 2280-F9 p30 infection was attenuated but that the virulence of rFCV F9-2280 p30 was increased compared to that of the parental viruses. Collectively, these data show that FCV 2280 p30 could directly and selectively degrade IFNAR1 mRNA, thus blocking the type I interferon-induced activation of the JAK-STAT signalling pathway, which may contribute to the pathogenesis of FCV infection.

17.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 161(Pt A): 111742, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075697

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the specific bacterial distribution and the response of bacterial communities to shifts in environmental factors in the subtropical Beibu Gulf, southern China. The abundances of Actinobacteria, Bacilli, Planctomycetia, Thermoleophilia, Anaerolineae, and Synechococcophycideae were significantly higher in high eutrophic samples than in medium eutrophic and oligotrophic samples. Bacterial alpha-diversity was found greater in high eutrophication samples than in the other samples. Besides, Ponticaulis koreensis, Nautella italic, Anaerospora hongkongensis, Candidatus Aquiluna rubra, and Roseovarius pacificus were sensitive to trophic variation and thus could be used as eco-markers. In addition, the relative abundances of functional genes involving carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism were very high among the samples. We also found temperature, Chl-a, TDN and NO3- were the main environmental drivers of bacterial community structure. Overall, this study provides new insight into the composition of bacterial community and function response to gradients of eutrophication in Beibu Gulf.

18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1115-8, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068356

RESUMO

Yinjiao (GV 28) is generally used in treatment of lumbago and anorectal diseases. Professor LIN Guo-hua believes that Yinjiao (GV 28) is indicated in the disorders related to the sea of marrow and lower jiao by regulating the governor vessel and the conception vessel, promoting qi and blood circulation, tonifying the sea of marrow and adjusting the lower jiao. Based on professor Lin's clinical experience, "three Yinjiao" points are innovated, named Yinjiao (GV 28, upper Yinjiao), external Yinjiao and lower Yinjiao. Acupuncture therapy is generally optioned at Yinjiao (GV 28) and 5 needling principles are emphasized, i.e. accurate acupoint location, strong needling sensation, needling combined with body movement, alternative stimulation and allied stimulation. All of those mentioned above provide a new approach to the clinical treatment for the disorders related to the sea of marrow and lower jiao.

19.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 173654, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068589

RESUMO

Tobacco smoke is the major risk factor for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Viral infection is a major cause of COPD exacerbation, which lacks effective drug treatments. In the present study, to mimic the pathogenesis of COPD, we employed a TLR3 ligand [Poly (I:C), PIC] to mimic viral infection to determine whether it enhances the effects of cigarette smoke (CS)-induced airway inflammation and remodeling. Our results showed that PIC enhanced the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced inflammatory cytokine IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-8 mRNA expression and remodeling factor E-cadherin, α-SMA and TGF-ß1 mRNA expression with TLR3 upregulation and EGFR phosphorylation in pulmonary epithelial NCI-H292 cells. These responses were inhibited by a TLR3/dsRNA complex inhibitor (TLR3i) or a tyrosine kinase inhibitor icotinib (Ico). Similarly, in the PIC-enhanced CS-induced airway inflammation and remodeling mouse model, treatment with TLR3i or Ico reduced the mRNA and protein expression of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and TNF-α and keratinocyte chemoattractant (KC) and the remodeling factors α-SMA, TGF-ß1, MMP-9 and MUC5AC, while reducing E-cadherin mRNA and protein expression. Furthermore, we found that TLRi and Ico can attenuate the airway hyperreactivity induced by PIC, which is enhanced by CS. Finally, PIC enhanced the effects of CS on TLR3 upregulation and EGFR phosphorylation and significantly increased Erk1/2 and P38 phosphorylation, whereas TLR3i and Ico markedly suppressed TLR3 upregulation and EGFR, Erk1/2 and P38 phosphorylation in the model. Our findings suggest that TLR3/EGFR may be a potential target for the treatment of airway inflammation and remodeling in COPD.

20.
Cell Prolif ; : e12925, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073898

RESUMO

'Requirements for Human Embryonic Stem Cells' is the first set of guidelines on human embryonic stem cells in China, jointly drafted and agreed upon by experts from the Chinese Society for Stem Cell Research. This standard specifies the technical requirements, test methods, test regulations, instructions for use, labelling requirements, packaging requirements, storage requirements and transportation requirements for human embryonic stem cells, which is applicable to the quality control for human embryonic stem cells. It was originally released by the China Society for Cell Biology on 26 February 2019 and was further revised on 30 April 2020. We hope that publication of these guidelines will promote institutional establishment, acceptance and execution of proper protocols, and accelerate the international standardization of human embryonic stem cells for applications.

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