Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.732
Filtrar
1.
J Cell Sci ; 135(5)2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975358

RESUMO

Lipid droplets (LDs) are lipid-rich organelles universally found in most cells. They serve as a key energy reservoir, actively participate in signal transduction and dynamically communicate with other organelles. LD dysfunction has been associated with a variety of diseases. The content level, composition and mobility of LDs are crucial for their physiological and pathological functions, and these different parameters of LDs are subject to regulation by genetic factors and environmental inputs. Coherent Raman scattering (CRS) microscopy utilizes optical nonlinear processes to probe the intrinsic chemical bond vibration, offering label-free, quantitative imaging of lipids in vivo with high chemical specificity and spatiotemporal resolution. In this Review, we provide an overview over the principle of CRS microscopy and its application in tracking different parameters of LDs in live cells and organisms. We also discuss the use of CRS microscopy in genetic screens to discover lipid regulatory mechanisms and in understanding disease-related lipid pathology.


Assuntos
Microscopia , Análise Espectral Raman , Biologia , Gotículas Lipídicas , Lipídeos
2.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 135(14): 1689-1706, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236076

RESUMO

Recent studies reveal that bile acid metabolite composition and its metabolism are changed in metabolic disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), yet its role and the mechanism remain largely unknown. In the present study, metabolomic analysis of 163 serum and stool samples of our metabolic disease cohort was performed, and we identified glycoursodeoxycholic acid (GUDCA), glycine-conjugated bile acid produced from intestinal bacteria, was decreased in both serum and stool samples from patients with hyperglycemia. RNA-sequencing and quantitative PCR results indicated that GUDCA alleviated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in livers of high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice without alteration of liver metabolism. In vitro, GUDCA reduced palmitic acid induced-ER stress and -apoptosis, as well as stabilized calcium homeostasis. In vivo, GUDCA exerted effects on amelioration of HFD-induced insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis. In parallel, ER stress and apoptosis were decreased in GUDCA-treated mice as compared with vehicle-treated mice in liver. These findings demonstrate that reduced GUDCA is an indicator of hyperglycemia. Supplementation of GUDCA could be an option for the treatment of diet-induced metabolic disorders, including insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, with inhibiting ER stress.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231146

RESUMO

To explore the relations between the number of accident deaths (NCD) and various factors in construction safety, a multiple linear regression model was established, based on the panel data of economy, construction labor, and the number of accident deaths in 31 provinces (regions) of China from 2009 to 2018. The results show that the average total profits and taxes (TPAT), and the death rate of ten thousand people (DR) are positively correlated with NCD, while the labor productivity (LP) is negatively correlated with it. Under the condition that other factors remain unchanged, NCD increases by 0.02 per a hundred million CNY. However, if DR increases by one ten thousand, NCD will increase by 8.66 on average. On the contrary, when LP increases by a hundred million CNY per ten thousand people, NCD decreases by 0.19. The model also predicts NCD in different provinces and cities from 2019 to 2020 with the method of quadratic exponential smoothing. As well, practice results show that the model is effective and practical.

4.
Epilepsy Res ; 176: 106722, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273723

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder which is characterized by brain hyper-excitability and manifests as seizure. Due to its complicated pathogenesis, treatment for epilepsy still remains a huge challenge for neurology in the whole world. MciroRNA-134 (miR-134) is one kind of miRNAs which was firstly found abundant in synapses. In this study, we tried to unveil the role of inhibiting MciroRNA-134-5p (miR-134-5p) in excitotoxicity induced by kainic acid (KA) in the hippocampal neurons (HT22) cells. The results showed that treatment of KA increased the expression of miR-134-5p significantly and caused marked neuron excitotoxicity, evidenced by risen cell death rate, higher LDH release and aggravated cell viability. After suppressing miR-134-5p expression via transfecting HT22 cells with miR-134-5p antisense (Anti-134), cell viability was promoted obviously, along with decreased LDH release and cell death rate. In addition, KA-induced lipid peroxidation, cytochrome c release and mitochondrial ROS generation were also attenuated by Anti-134. The level of Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) and its downstream antioxidant enzymes, such as mitochondrial superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), were significantly higher in Anti-134 group compared with the control and scramble group. After inhibiting Sirt3 expression with SiRNA targeting Sirt3 (Si-Sirt3) and 3-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl) pyridine (3-TYP), the positive role of Anti-134 was apparently reversed. In conclusion, this research highly suggests that inhibition of miR-134-5p could protect neurons from KA-induced excitotoxicity through Sirt3-mediated preservation of mitochondrial function.

5.
Drug Deliv ; 28(1): 1419-1431, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223777

RESUMO

Glucocorticoid (GC) hormone has been commonly used to treat systemic inflammation and immune disorders. However, the side effects associated with long-term use of high-dose GC hormone limit its clinical application seriously. GC hormone that can specifically target the lung might decrease the effective dosage and thus reduce GC-associated side effects. In this study, we successfully prepared human lung-targeting liposomal methylprednisolone crosslinked with nanobody (MPS-NSSLs-SPANb). Our findings indicate that MPS-NSSLs-SPANb may reduce the effective therapeutic dosage of MPS, achieve better efficacy, and reduce GC-associated side effects. In addition, MPS-NSSLs-SPANb showed higher efficacy and lower toxicity than conventional MPS.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the effects of age on neurocognition to predict conversion to psychosis in individuals with clinical high-risk(CHRs). This study aimed to compare the extent and predictive performance of cognitive deficits between adolescents and adults with CHR. METHODS: A comprehensive neuropsychological battery was performed on 325 CHRs and 365 healthy controls(HCs). The subjects were first divided into 189 CHR adolescents(age 12-17 years), 136 CHR adults(age 18-45 years), 88 HC adolescents, and 277 HC adults. CHR subjects were then divided into converters(CHR-Cs: adolescents[n=43]; adults[n=34]) and non-converters(CHR-NCs: adolescents [n=146], adults [n=102]) based on their 2-year follow-up clinical status. RESULTS: The adolescent and adult CHRs performed significantly worse than their control groups on all the neurocognitive tests, except for performance on the continuous performance test in adolescents. In the comparison between adolescents and adults, patterns of neurocognitive deficits seemed to vary in HCs, rather than in CHRs. In the comparison between CHRs and HCs, the rank order of effect sizes across the neurocognitive tests was similar for the top two tests of symbol coding and verbal learning. Comparison between CHR-Cs and CHR-NCs revealed that adolescent CHR-Cs performed significantly worse than CHR-NCs on seven of eight neurocognitive tests; however, adult CHR-Cs performed significantly worse than CHR-NCs only in the visuospatial memory test. CONCLUSIONS: The role of neurocognitive dysfunction may have different patterns and weights during the onset of psychosis in adolescent and adult CHRs, implicating the development of specific strategies that could monitor and improve cognitive function in adolescents with CHR.

7.
Oncol Rep ; 46(3)2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278495

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most aggressive and lethal malignancies with a rising incidence, and is characterized by rapid progression, frequent metastasis, late diagnosis, high postoperative recurrence and poor prognosis. Therefore, novel treatment strategies for HCC, particularly advanced HCC, are urgently required. The hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c­mesenchymal­epithelial transition receptor (c­MET) axis is a key signaling pathway in HCC and is strongly associated with its highly malignant features. Available treatments based on HGF/c­MET inhibition may prolong the lifespan of patients with HCC; however, they do not achieve the desired therapeutic effects. The aim of the present article was to review the basic knowledge regarding the role of the HGF/c­MET signaling pathway in HCC, and examine the association between the HGF/c­MET signaling pathway and the tumorigenesis, progression and prognosis of HCC.

8.
Respir Res ; 22(1): 202, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238283

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The University of California, San Diego Shortness of Breath Questionnaire (UCSDSOBQ) is a frequently used domain-specific dyspnea questionnaire; however, there is little information available regarding its use and minimum important difference (MID) in fibrotic interstitial lung disease (ILD). We aimed to describe the key performance characteristics of the UCSDSOBQ in this population. METHODS: UCSDSOBQ scores and selected anchors were measured in 1933 patients from the prospective multi-center Canadian Registry for Pulmonary Fibrosis. Anchors included the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions 5 Levels questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L) and EQ visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS), percent-predicted forced vital capacity (FVC%), diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO%), and 6-min walk distance (6MWD). Concurrent validity, internal consistency, ceiling and floor effects, and responsiveness were assessed, followed by estimation of the MID by anchor-based (linear regression) and distribution-based methods (standard error of measurement). RESULTS: The UCSDSOBQ had a high level of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.97), no obvious floor or ceiling effect, strong correlations with SGRQ, EQ-5D-5L, and EQ-VAS (|r| > 0.5), and moderate correlations with FVC%, DLCO%, and 6MWD (0.3 < |r| < 0.5). The MID estimate for UCSDSOBQ was 5 points (1-8) for the anchor-based method, and 4.5 points for the distribution-based method. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the validity of UCSDSOBQ in a large and heterogeneous population of patients with fibrotic ILD, and provides a robust MID estimate of 5-8 points.

9.
Small ; : e2102054, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245110

RESUMO

Supercapacitors with high power density and an ultralong cyclic lifetime have been intensively investigated. However, the crucial challenge of their rapid self-discharge process is often neglected in most cases. A heterogeneous interface formed between two layers of polymer electrolytes is designed, in which a polyanion and a polycation are added into a common matrix of polymer electrolyte, respectively. By using the heterogeneous polymer electrolyte (HPE) as the separator simultaneously, the resultant supercapacitors exhibit comparable electrochemical performance to that of devices based on traditional polymer electrolytes. The HPE-based supercapacitors using both electric double-layer capacitive and pseudocapacitive electrodes show at least one time longer self-discharge time than that of devices based on homogenous polymer electrolyte, especially for the electrode in an electrolyte containing polyanion served as a positive pole during the charging process. Because of the same polymer matrix used, the heterojunction structure of the HPE exhibits excellent stability without obvious phase separation during thousands of charge/discharge and repeated bending cycles. This novel strategy by interface engineering of electrolyte to suppress the self-discharge behavior of supercapacitors is very meaningful to promote their practical applications.

11.
J Neurol ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283286

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Brain metastases (BM) remains the most cumbersome disease burden in patients with lung cancer. This study aimed to investigate whether serum brain injury biomarkers can indicate BM, to further establish related diagnostic models, or to predict prognosis of BM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients diagnosed with lung cancer with BM (BM group), with lung cancer without BM (NBM group), and healthy participants (control group). Serum neurofilament light chain (NfL) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were detected at baseline. We identified and integrated the risk factors of BM to establish diagnostic models. RESULTS: A total of 158 patients were included (n = 37, 57, and 64 in the BM, NBM, and control groups, respectively). Serum biomarker levels were significantly higher in the NBM group than in the control group. Higher serum NfL and GFAP concentrations were associated with BM (odds ratios, 3.06 and 1.79, respectively). NfL (area under curve [AUC] = 0.77, p < 0.001) and GFAP (AUC = 0.64, p = 0.02) had diagnostic value for BM. The final diagnostic model included NfL level, age, Karnofsky Performance Status. The model had an AUC value of 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.75-0.92). High NfL concentration was correlated with poor overall survival of patients with BM (hazard ratio, 3.31; 95% CI 1.22-9.04; p = 0.019). CONCLUSION: Serum NfL and GFAP could be potential diagnostic biomarkers for BM in patients with lung cancer. We established a model that can provide individual diagnoses of BM. Higher NfL level may be associated with poor prognosis of patients with BM.

12.
Curr Biol ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283998

RESUMO

The spacing of lateral roots (LRs) along the main root in plants is driven by an oscillatory signal, often referred to as the "root clock" that represents a pre-patterning mechanism that can be influenced by environmental signals. Light is an important environmental factor that has been previously reported to be capable of modulating the root clock, although the effect of light signaling on the LR pre-patterning has not yet been fully investigated. In this study, we reveal that light can activate the transcription of a photomorphogenic gene HY1 to maintain high frequency and amplitude of the oscillation signal, leading to the repetitive formation of pre-branch sites. By grafting and tissue-specific complementation experiments, we demonstrated that HY1 generated in the shoot or locally in xylem pole pericycle cells was sufficient to regulate LR branching. We further found that HY1 can induce the expression of HY5 and its homolog HYH, and act as a signalosome to modulate the intracellular localization and expression of auxin transporters, in turn promoting auxin accumulation in the oscillation zone to stimulate LR branching. These fundamental mechanistic insights improve our understanding of the molecular basis of light-controlled LR formation and provide a genetic interconnection between shoot- and root-derived signals in regulating periodic LR branching.

13.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(7): 689, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244473

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma is the second malignant tumors in the urinary system with high mortality and morbidity. Increasing evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in tumor development and progression. In the current study, based on the publicly available data obtained from GEO and TCGA database, we identified five prognosis-related lncRNAs with the ability to predict the prognosis of patients with renal cell carcinoma. Among them, the uncharacterized and upregulated lncRNA RCAT1 (renal cancer-associated transcript 1) was identified as the key lncRNA. Our data further revealed that the expression of lncRNA RCAT1 was significantly upregulated in renal cell carcinoma tissues and cells. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies showed that lncRNA RCAT1 promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, we verified that lncRNA RCAT1 could abundantly sponge miR-214-5p, which served as a tumor suppressor in renal cell carcinoma. Significantly, miR-214-5p overexpression could attenuate the promotion of cell proliferation and metastasis induced by lncRNA RCAT1. Moreover, we found that E2F2 was a direct target of miR-214-5p, and lncRNA RCAT1 could protect E2F2 from miR-214-5p-mediated degradation. Taken together, our findings suggested that lncRNA RCAT1 could enhance the malignant phenotype of renal cell carcinoma cells by modulating miR-214-5p/E2F2 axis, and lncRNA RCAT1 might be a novel prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for renal cell carcinoma.

14.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2100716, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212536

RESUMO

The application of the antibiotic drug has dramatically decreased the infection and promoted the development of surgery, but drug-resistant bacteria appeared along with the abuse of antibiotics. Especially, wound in diabetic patients provides more glucose for bacteria resulting in poor wound healing. Therefore, it is imminent to explore advanced agents for combating multidrug-resistant bacteria and accelerating diabetic wound healing. Herein, metal-organic frameworks based nanoreactors loaded with glucose oxidase (GOx) and peroxidase-like bovine hemoglobin (BHb) are designed to construct an effective cascaded catalytic antibacterial system. Therein, GOx can cost the glucose, and release H2 O2 simultaneously, which can then be transformed into hydroxyl radicals by BHb. As a result, the as-prepared nanoreactors can play the roles of both starving and killing toward the multidrug-resistant bacteria. Furthermore, the produced gluconic acid can reduce the pH of working condition, which is beneficial for both the enhancement of peroxidase activity and the inhibition of the bacteria growth. More importantly, the constructed nanoreactors can be degraded and excreted from the body in the form of feces, which render the as-proposed nanoreactors qualified as effective and safe materials for both combating multidrug-resistant bacteria in vitro and accelerating the diabetic wound healing in vivo of the mouse model.

15.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 689618, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220715

RESUMO

Objective: The result interpretation of the captopril challenge test (CCT) for the diagnosis of primary aldosteronism (PA) is not standardized. Superiorities of different indexes in the CCT have not been fully investigated. We aimed to comprehensively evaluate the value and influence factors of different CCT-associated indexes in the diagnosis of PA. Methods: We enrolled 312, 85, 179 and 97 patients in the groups of PA, essential hypertension (EH), unilateral PA (UPA) and bilateral PA (BPA), respectively. For each single index investigated, we computed diagnostic estimates including the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). We performed pre-specified subgroup analyses to explore influence factors. We assessed the diagnostic value of combined indexes in binary logistic regression models. Results: Post-CCT aldosterone to renin ratio (ARR) (AUC = 0.8771) and plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) (AUC = 0.8769) showed high value in distinguishing PA from EH, and their combination (AUC = 0.937) was even superior to either alone. The diagnostic efficacy was moderately high for post-CCT aldosterone to angiotensin II ratio (AA2R) (AUC = 0.834) or plasma renin activity (PRA) (AUC = 0.795) but low for the suppression percentage of PAC (AUC = 0.679). Post-CCT PAC had a significantly higher AUC in the UPA than BPA subgroup (AUC = 0.914 vs 0.827, P<0.05). Conclusion: We can take post-CCT ARR and PAC altogether into account to distinguish PA from EH, while caution should be taken to interpret CCT results with the suppression percentage of PAC. Post-CCT PAC may perform better to identify the unilateral than bilateral form of PA.

16.
Food Funct ; 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195733

RESUMO

Correction for 'Anthocyanins from the fruits of Lycium ruthenicum Murray improve high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance by ameliorating inflammation and oxidative stress in mice' by Baoming Tian et al., Food Funct., 2021, 12, 3855-3871, DOI: 10.1039/D0FO02936J.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 60(12): 9050-9056, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061506

RESUMO

Chiral metal nanoclusters have been widely reported, but their separation and optical stabilization remain challenging. We used a deracemization strategy to accomplish the enantioseparation of a racemic mixture of [Ag32Cu12(CH3COO)12(SAdm)12(P(CH3OPh)3)4] (M44) in a yield exceeding 50%, forming two optically active [Ag32Cu12(R/S-Cl(CH3)CHCOO)12(SAdm)12(P(CH3OPh)3)4] (R/S-M44') enantiomers. The optical activity of these products was conserved after exchange of the chiral carboxyl ligands with achiral ligand (Br-), to give two additional optically active nanoclusters R/S-[Ag28Cu16Br12(SAdm)12(P(CH3OPh)3)4] (R/S(Br)-M44). The crystal structures of the above nanoclusters were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Based on these structures, the chiral transformation and conservation are mapped out.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the safety and effectiveness of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), transobturator tape (TOT), and transvaginal tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O) in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, WanFang Data, and CNKI were electronically searched. A total of 22 trials involving 3709 patients were included. RESULTS: The objective cure rate was better with TVT than with TOT and TVT-O. The incidence of postoperative thigh/groin pain was lower with TVT than with TOT and TVT-O, but the incidence of dysuria was higher with TVT than with TVT-O. The incidence of lower urinary tract infection was higher with TVT than with TOT. CONCLUSION: Tension-free vaginal tape may have a better outcome compared to TOT and TVT-O, but the risk of dysuria and lower urinary tract infection is higher with SUI.

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(25): 13873-13877, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110338

RESUMO

Antibiotic pollution in water has become an increasingly serious problem, posing a potentially huge threat to human health. Ofloxacin (OFL), norfloxacin (NOR), and enoxacin (ENX) are typical broad-spectrum quinolone antibiotics, which are frequently detected in various water environments. An electrochemical sensor is a rapid and effective tool to detect antibiotics in the aquatic environment. The molecular structure of target pollutants is an important factor affecting the detection performance of electrochemical sensors. Based on the electrochemical detection results of antibiotics (OFL, NOR, and ENX), we first used the molecular structure analysis method based on quantum chemistry to accurately identify the electronegativity and the electrocatalytic degree of the oxidizable (and non-oxidizable) functional groups of pollutants. We also clarified the influence mechanism of the molecular structure on the peak current and peak potential. These results can provide theoretical support for rapidly selecting electrodes with a suitable electrochemical window to efficiently detect trace organic pollutants (such as antibiotics) in water based on the molecular structure of the target pollutant.

20.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34124848

RESUMO

Most studies choose passivators essentially in a trial-and-error fashion in an attempt to attain high efficiency in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Using deep-level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) measurements, the type of defects in perovskite films was determined to guide the passivator selection for PSCs. Three kinds of positively charged defects were found in the target PSC system. Fluorinated phenylethylamine hydroiodide (FPEAI) was chosen to passivate the surface defects due to the electronegativity and hydrophobicity of fluorine. Due to the decreased surface roughness, increased hydrophobicity, lowered defect density, and improved carrier dynamics as observed by ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy (TAS), a PSC with meta-F-PEAI had the best efficiency over 23 % with open-circuit voltage of 1.155 V and fill factor of 80.15 %. In addition, the long-term stability of the PSC was significantly improved. The present work provides a new means to select the best passivator for different types of defects.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...