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1.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124748, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520971

RESUMO

A total of 100 samples were collected from the sediments of a typical copper mining area, south China. Leaching concentrations of selected heavy metals (Ni, Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ba, As, and Hg) were measured to evaluate their distribution patterns and associated health risk. Leaching concentrations of Cu (3.58 ±â€¯1.49 mg/L), Pb (1.50 ±â€¯1.06 mg/L), and Zn (4.04 ±â€¯1.68 mg/L) were significantly higher than the other metals in the samples. By evaluating the spatial heterogeneity, it was found that leaching metal concentrations did not decrease with environmental gradients, mostly caused by diverse distribution in pollution sources. The hazard index and carcinogenic risk indices showed significant risks of human exposure. For public safety, priority governance should be given to the main pollutants (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, and As) in sediments. In future studies, the integrated data will be urgently required for local stakeholders to conduct environmental monitoring and remediation scenarios.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(5): 3195-3200, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635664

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced fluorescence detection has large potential for detecting many chemical and biological trace analytes. This paper presents a novel method for preparing silver nanomaterials in microfluidic chip channels for the surface-enhanced fluorescence detection of fluorescent dye (SYBR Green I) molecules. Microfluidic chip channels were fabricated by a 248-nm excimer laser. Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) were prepared inside the microfluidic chip channels by directly heating the silver precursor solution. The influence of different temperatures on the sizes of the silver nanoparticles was studied. Then, the surface-enhanced fluorescence technology based on the microfluidic system was used to detect the fluorescent dye molecules. As a result, the fluorescence signal of the fluorescent dye molecules was significantly enhanced by the silver nanoparticles. In addition, the effect of particle size on the fluorescence signal was studied. This simple and fast method is suitable for a fluorescent PCR (polymerase chain reaction) system and has good application prospects for detecting harmful microorganisms in a spacecraft.

3.
Cell Signal ; 65: 109457, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676369

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) presents with lymph node metastasis in the early stages, limiting the opportunities for curative local resection, including endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). ESD is regarded as the standard treatment for early-stage ESCCs. However, radical surgery is recommended when lymph node metastasis risk exists. More efforts are needed to find the markers for early prediction and clarify the molecular mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of lymph node metastasis. Recently, aberrant regulation of gene expression by histone methylation modifiers has emerged as an important mechanism for cancer metastasis. Herein, we demonstrated that mixed-lineage leukemia 2 (MLL2) positively regulates gene expression programs associated with ESCC cell migration. MLL2 interacts with RelA in the nucleus to enhance transcription of stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) and to facilitate cancer metastasis. Meanwhile, MLL2 knockdown resulted in a significant decrease in the migration of ESCC cells. Clinically, high level of MLL2 was significantly associated with early-stage ESCC lymph node metastasis. In summary, these findings discovered a previously unidentified molecular pathway underlying the coordinated regulation of metastasis-related STC-1 expression by MLL2 and RelA and highlighted the critical role of MLL2 in ESCC.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134236, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493577

RESUMO

The widespread emergence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in drinking water systems endangers human health, and may be exacerbated by their horizontal gene transfer (HGT) among microbiota. In our previous study, Quorum sensing (QS) molecules produced by bacteria from biological activated carbon (BAC) biofilms were demonstrated to influence the transfer efficiency of a model conjugative plasmid, here RP4. In this study, we further explored the effect and mechanism of QS on conjugation transfer. The results revealed that Acyl-homoserine lactones producing (AHL-producing) bacteria isolated from BAC biofilm play a role in the propagation of ARGs. We selected several quorum sensing inhibitors (QSIs) to study their effects on AHL-producing bacteria, including the formation of biofilm and the regulating effect on conjugation transfer. In addition, the possible molecular mechanisms for AHLs that promote conjugative transfer were attributable to enhancing the mRNA expression, which involved altered expressions of conjugation-related genes. We also found that QSIs could inhibit conjugative transfer by downregulating the conjugation-relevant genes. We believe that this is the first insightful exploration of the mechanism by which AHLs will facilitate and QSIs will inhibit the conjugative transfer of ARGs. These results provide creative insight into ARG pollution control that involves blocking QS during BAC treatment in drinking water systems.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(22)2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718114

RESUMO

Maternal genes play an important role in the early embryonic development of the silkworm. Early embryonic development without new transcription depends on maternal components stored in the egg during oocyte maturation. The maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is a tightly regulated process that includes maternal mRNAs elimination and zygotic transcription initiation. This process has been extensively studied within model species. Each model organism has a unique pattern of maternal transcriptional clearance classes in MZT. In this study, we identified 66 maternal genes through bioinformatics analysis and expression analysis in the eggs of silkworm virgin moths (Bombyx mori). All 66 maternal genes were expressed in vitellogenesis in day eight female pupae. During MZT, the degradation of maternal gene mRNAs could be divided into three clusters. We found that eight maternal genes of cluster 1 remained stable from 0 to 3.0 h, 17 maternal genes of cluster 2 were significantly decayed from 0.5 to 1.0 h and 41 maternal genes of cluster 3 were significantly decayed after 1.5 h. Therefore, the initial time-point of degradation of cluster 2 was earlier than that of cluster 3. The maternal gene mRNAs decay of clusters 2 and 3 is first initiated by maternal degradation activity. Our study expands upon the identification of silkworm maternal genes and provides a perspective for further research of the embryo development in Bombyx mori.

7.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 185: 105118, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gallbladder polyp is a common disease with an overall population prevalence between 4 and 7%. It can be classified as neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. Surgical treatment is necessary for neoplastic polyps. Due to its easy accessibility and nonradioactive, ultrasonography is the mostly used preoperative diagnosis tool for gallbladder polyps. However, human image analysis depends greatly on levels of experience, which results in many overtreatment cases and undertreatment cases in clinics. METHODS: In this study, we proposed an ultrasound image segmentation algorithm, combined with principal components analysis (PCA) and AdaBoost algorithms to construct a computer-aided diagnosis system for the differentiate diagnosis of neoplastic and non-neoplastic gallbladder polyps. RESULTS: The proposed segmentation method achieved a high accuracy of 95% for outlining the gallbladder region. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity for the proposed computer-aided diagnosis system based on the segmented images are 87.54%, 86.52% and 89.40%, compared to 69.05%, 67.86% and 70.17% with convolutional neural network. The diagnosis result is also slightly higher than the human eyes of sonologists (86.22%, 85.19% and 89.18% as an average of four sonologists), while with a much faster diagnosis speed (0.02s vs 3s). CONCLUSIONS: We proposed an efficient ultrasound image segmentation approach and a reliable system of automatic diagonals of neoplastic and non-neoplastic gallbladder polyps. The results show that the diagnosis accuracy is competitive to the expert sonologists while requires much less diagnosis time.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675344

RESUMO

To solve the disturbed time-varying inversion problem, an exponential-type anti-noise varying-gain network (EAVGN) is proposed and analyzed. To do so, a vector-based error function is first defined. By using the varying-gain neural dynamic design method, an EAVGN model is then formulated. Furthermore, the differentiation error and the model-implementation error are considered into the model, and the perturbed EAVGN model is obtained. For better illustrations, comparisons between the EAVGN and the conventional fixed-parameter recurrent neural network (FP-RNN) are conducted to illustrate the advantages of the proposed EAVGN. Mathematical proof demonstrates that the proposed EAVGN has much better anti-noise properties than FP-RNN. On one hand, the residual error of EAVGN can be reduced to zero in any case, but that of FP-RNN is large and cannot be convergent, in particular when the bound of Frobenius norm of the exact solution is large or the noise is large. On the other hand, the bound of the residual error of EAVGN is always smaller than that of FP-RNN. Simulation results verify that when different types of noises exist, the proposed EAVGN owns better anti-noise property compared with the state-of-the-art methods. In addition, a practical application is presented to illustrate the implementation process and the practical benefits of the EAVGN.

9.
Psych J ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722451

RESUMO

Involuntary mental time travel (MTT) refers to the phenomenon of mentally reliving past experiences or pre-living possible future events in an involuntary form. Few studies have explored involuntary MTT in individuals with schizotypal personality features. The present study aimed to first explore the psychometric properties of the Involuntary Autobiographic Memory Inventory (IAMI) in a Chinese sample (Study 1), and then to explore whether individuals with schizotypal personality features experience involuntary MTT more frequently than individuals without schizotypal features. Moreover, the study explored whether the aberrant frequency of involuntary MTT is correlated with positive schizotypal features (Study 2). The results showed that the IAMI had good structural validity and reliability in a Chinese sample. Individuals with schizotypal traits reported a significantly higher frequency, less positive emotion, and stronger emotional intensity for both involuntary memories and future thoughts compared with individuals without schizotypal features. Further analyses in individuals with schizotypal personality features showed that the frequencies of both involuntary memories and future thoughts were significantly correlated with positive schizotypal traits. These results have potential theoretical and clinical implications for a comprehensive understanding of involuntary MTT among individuals with schizotypal personality features.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is the gold standard for preoperative differentiation between unilateral and bilateral primary aldosteronism (PA). However, results are sometimes vitiated by failing to access the right adrenal vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study assumed that clinical decisions can be made with incomplete AVS data, by comparing aldosterone/cortisol (A/C) ratio in both left and right adrenal veins with that in the inferior vena cava (LAV/IVC and RAV/IVC). Receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curve and scatterplot were used to certify the upper and lower cutoffs and to analyze the significance of discrimination. One hundred and sixty patients diagnosed with PA from April 2017 to June 2018 underwent AVS in the Urology Department of West China Hospital, Chengdu, China. One hundred and eleven with complete AVS data were divided into 3 groups: left-sided (N=40), right-sided (N=29) and bilateral (N=42). We also collected patients from September 2018 to April 2019 in our department as validation cohort to test our hypothesis. RESULTS: On the basis of LAV/IVC, RAV/IVC and diagnostic category, upper cutoff was 1.14 (50% sensitivity and 100% specificity) and lower cutoff 0.07 (27.5% sensitivity and 100% specificity) for LAV/IVC, and 1.04 (55% sensitivity and 100% specificity) and 0.08 (40% sensitivity and 100% specificity), respectively, for RAV/IVC. CONCLUSION: The diagnostic model in this study contributes to clinical decision-making in patients with only partial PA with incomplete AVS data.

11.
Australas J Dermatol ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691949

RESUMO

Erythema papulatum centrifugum (EPC), also known as erythema papulosa semicircularis recidivans (EPSR), is distinct from eczema and other well-described figurate erythemas characterised by annular erythematous lesions. We report 7 cases of EPC and propose new diagnostic criteria including the following: (i) EPC is characterised by single or multiple recurrent expanding annular or semi annular erythema with central regression, surrounded by tiny red papules; (ii) the lesions regularly relapse and resolve; (iii) the histopathologic feature shows superficial perivascular inflammation with or without mild inflammation around sweat glands in the mid dermis and (iv) patients lack other associated cutaneous or internal abnormalities.

12.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(40): 6077-6093, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central sensitization plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of chronic pain induced by chronic pancreatitis (CP). We hypothesized that the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), a primary central site that integrates pancreatic afferents apart from the thoracic spinal dorsal horn, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of visceral hypersensitivity in a rat model of CP. AIM: To investigate the role of the NTS in the visceral hypersensitivity induced by chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: CP was induced by the intraductal injection of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) in rats. Pancreatic hyperalgesia was assessed by referred somatic pain via von Frey filament assay. Neural activation of the NTS was indicated by immunohistochemical staining for Fos. Basic synaptic transmission within the NTS was assessed by electrophysiological recordings. Expression of vesicular glutamate transporters (VGluTs), N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subtype 2B (NR2B), and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor subtype 1 (GluR1) was analyzed by immunoblotting. Membrane insertion of NR2B and GluR1 was evaluated by electron microscopy. The regulatory role of the NTS in visceral hypersensitivity was detected via pharmacological approach and chemogenetics in CP rats. RESULTS: TNBS treatment significantly increased the number of Fos-expressing neurons within the caudal NTS. The excitatory synaptic transmission was substantially potentiated within the caudal NTS in CP rats (frequency: 5.87 ± 1.12 Hz in CP rats vs 2.55 ± 0.44 Hz in sham rats, P < 0.01; amplitude: 19.60 ± 1.39 pA in CP rats vs 14.71 ± 1.07 pA in sham rats; P < 0.01). CP rats showed upregulated expression of VGluT2, and increased phosphorylation and postsynaptic trafficking of NR2B and GluR1 within the caudal NTS. Blocking excitatory synaptic transmission via the AMPAR antagonist CNQX and the NMDAR antagonist AP-5 microinjection reversed visceral hypersensitivity in CP rats (abdominal withdraw threshold: 7.00 ± 1.02 g in CNQX group, 8.00 ± 0.81 g in AP-5 group and 1.10 ± 0.27 g in saline group, P < 0.001). Inhibiting the excitability of NTS neurons via chemogenetics also significantly attenuated pancreatic hyperalgesia (abdominal withdraw threshold: 13.67 ± 2.55 g in Gi group, 2.00 ± 1.37 g in Gq group, and 2.36 ± 0.67 g in mCherry group, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that enhanced excitatory transmission within the caudal NTS contributes to pancreatic pain and emphasize the NTS as a pivotal hub for the processing of pancreatic afferents, which provide novel insights into the central sensitization of painful CP.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121521, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699484

RESUMO

Trichloroethylene (TCE), a widely used chlorinated solvent, is a common environmental pollutant. Current evidence shows that TCE could induce heart defects during embryonic development, but the underlining mechanism(s) remain unclear. Since activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) could induce oxidative stress, we hypothesized that AHR-mediated oxidative stress may play a role in the cardiac developmental toxicity of TCE. In this study, we found that the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, N-Acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), and AHR inhibitors, CH223191 (CH) and StemRegenin 1, significantly counteracted the TCE-induced heart malformations in zebrafish embryos. Moreover, both CH and NAC suppressed TCE-induced ROS and 8-OHdG (8-hydroxy-2' -deoxyguanosine). TCE did not affect ahr2 and cyp1a expression, but increased cyp1b1 expression, which was restored by CH supplementation. CH also attenuated the TCE-induced mRNA expression changes of Nrf2 signalling genes (nrf2b, gstp2, sod2, ho1, nqo1) and cardiac differentiation genes (gata4, hand2, c-fos, sox9b). In addition, the TCE enhanced SOD activity was attenuated by CH. Morpholino knockdown confirmed that AHR mediated the TCE-induced ROS and 8-OHdG generation in the heart of zebrafish embryos. In conclusion, our results suggest that AHR mediates TCE-induced oxidative stress, leading to DNA damage and heart malformations in zebrafish embryos.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(21)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671917

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose a novel direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation structure based on multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar with colocated antennas, referred to as compressive measurement-based MIMO (CM-MIMO) radar, where the compressive sensing (CS) is employed to reduce the number of channels. Therefore, the system complexity and the computational burden are effectively reduced. It is noted that CS is used after the matched filters and that a measurement matrix with less rows than columns is multiplied with the received signals. As a result, the configurations of the transmit and receive antenna arrays are not affected by the CS and can be determined according to the practical requirements. To study the estimation performance, the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) with respect to the DOAs of the proposed CM-MIMO radar is analyzed in this paper. The derived CRB expression is also suitable for the conventional MIMO radar by setting the measurement matrix as an identity matrix. Moreover, the CRB expression can work in the under-determined case, since the sum-difference coarray structure is considered. However, the random measurement matrix leads to high information loss, thus compromising the estimation performance. To overcome this problem, we consider that the a prior probability distribution of the DOAs associated with the targets can be obtained in many scenarios and an optimization approach for the measurement matrix is proposed in this paper, where the maximum mutual information criterion is adopted. The superiority of the proposed structure is validated by numerical simulations.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759080

RESUMO

Cherax quadricarinatus is a large-sized, highly fecund, and fast-growing species of freshwater crayfish, and has become one of the world's most intensely studied crustaceans. Decapod iridescent virus 1 (DIV1), a newly described species in the family Iridoviridae, is known to infect various crustaceans, including C. quadricarinatus, and may pose a new threat in the shrimp-farming industry. The present study performed de novo transcriptome sequencing of C. quadricarinatus hepatopancreas during DIV1 infection. A total of 114,784 transcripts and 56,418 genes were obtained; 1,070 genes were upregulated and 775 genes were downregulated when compared with the uninfected samples (controls). Three pattern recognition receptor genes (fibrinogen-related protein, C-type lectin, and beta-1,3-glucan-binding protein) were upregulated during DIV1 infection. Among the top-30 upregulated unigenes, 9 unigenes were identified as vitellogenin (Vg) genes, and the top-3 upregulated unigenes were identified as involved in Vg lipid transport, lipid localization, and lipid transporter activity, which were all significantly over-representative GO terms in the GO enrichment analysis of total and upregulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Many genes associated with Jak-STAT signaling pathway, Endocytosis, Phagosome, MAPK signaling pathway, Apoptosis and Lysosome were positively modified after DIV1 infection. The predicted protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis showed NF1 and TUBA, CRM1 and TUBB were involved in protein interactions. This research showed that DIV1 infection has a significant impact on the transcriptome profile of C. quadricarinatus hepatopancreas, and the results enhance our understanding of virus-host interactions. Furthermore, the high number of transcripts generated in the present study will provide information for identifying novel genes in the absence of a full C. quadricarinatus genome sequence.

16.
Protein Expr Purif ; 167: 105529, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698035

RESUMO

During recombinant production of asymmetric IgG-like bispecific antibodies (bsAbs), various by-products are often observed due to unbalanced chain expression and incorrect chain pairing. Among them, half antibody and homodimer are found with high frequency. In this work, with a case study we demonstrated that Capto MMC ImpRes mixed-mode chromatography can effectively remove these two by-products as well as antibody aggregates under optimized conditions. This makes MMC ImpRes a powerful tool for bsAb purification.

17.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 846, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a crucial role in the induction of cancer through epigenetic regulation, transcriptional regulation, post-transcriptional regulation and other aspects, thus participating in various biological processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. As a new nova of anti-tumor therapy, immunotherapy has been shown to be effective in many tumors of which PD-1/PD-L1 monoclonal antibodies has been proofed to increase overall survival rate in advanced gastric cancer (GC). Microsatellite instability (MSI) was known as a biomarker of response to PD-1/PD-L1 monoclonal antibodies therapy. The aim of this study was to identify lncRNAs signatures able to classify MSI status and create a predictive model associated with MSI for GC patients. METHODS: Using the data of Stomach adenocarcinoma from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we developed and validated a lncRNAs model for automatic MSI classification using a machine learning technology - support vector machine (SVM). The C-index was adopted to evaluate its accuracy. The prognostic values of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were also assessed in this model. RESULTS: Using the SVM, a lncRNAs model was established consisting of 16 lncRNA features. In the training cohort with 94 GC patients, accuracy was confirmed with AUC 0.976 (95% CI, 0.952 to 0.999). Veracity was also confirmed in the validation cohort (40 GC patients) with AUC 0.950 (0.889 to 0.999). High predicted score was correlated with better DFS in the patients with stage I-III and lower OS with stage I-IV. CONCLUSION: This study identify 16 LncRNAs signatures able to classify MSI status. The correlation between lncRNAs and MSI status indicates the potential roles of lncRNAs interacting in immunotherapy for GC patients. The pathway of these lncRNAs which might be a target in PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy are needed to be further study.

18.
PLoS Genet ; 15(10): e1008460, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671093

RESUMO

Malfunction of pre-mRNA processing factors are linked to several human diseases including cancer and neurodegeneration. Here we report the identification of a de novo heterozygous missense mutation in the SNRPE gene (c.65T>C (p.Phe22Ser)) in a patient with non-syndromal primary (congenital) microcephaly and intellectual disability. SNRPE encodes SmE, a basal component of pre-mRNA processing U snRNPs. We show that the microcephaly-linked SmE variant is unable to interact with the SMN complex and as a consequence fails to assemble into U snRNPs. This results in widespread mRNA splicing alterations in fibroblast cells derived from this patient. Similar alterations were observed in HEK293 cells upon SmE depletion that could be rescued by the expression of wild type but not mutant SmE. Importantly, the depletion of SmE in zebrafish causes aberrant mRNA splicing alterations and reduced brain size, reminiscent of the patient microcephaly phenotype. We identify the EMX2 mRNA, which encodes a protein required for proper brain development, as a major mis-spliced down stream target. Together, our study links defects in the SNRPE gene to microcephaly and suggests that alterations of cellular splicing of specific mRNAs such as EMX2 results in the neurological phenotype of the disease.

19.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746143

RESUMO

Glioma is a common brain malignancy for which new drug development is urgently needed because of radiotherapy and drug resistance. Recent studies have demonstrated that artemisinin (ARS) compounds can display antiglioma activity, but the mechanisms are poorly understood. Using cell lines and mouse models, we investigated the effects of the most soluble ARS analogue artesunate (ART) on glioma cell growth, migration, distant seeding and senescence and elucidated the underlying mechanisms. Artemisinin effectively inhibited glioma cell growth, migration and distant seeding. Further investigation of the mechanisms showed that ART can influence glioma cell metabolism by affecting the nuclear localization of SREBP2 (sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2) and the expression of its target gene HMGCR (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase), the rate-limiting enzyme of the mevalonate (MVA) pathway. Moreover, ART affected the interaction between SREBP2 and P53 and restored the expression of P21 in cells expressing wild-type P53, thus playing a key role in cell senescence induction. In conclusion, our study demonstrated the new therapeutic potential of ART in glioma cells and showed the novel anticancer mechanisms of ARS compounds of regulating MVA metabolism and cell senescence.

20.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680376

RESUMO

Migraine is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by attacks of moderate or severe headache accompanying functionally and structurally maladaptive changes in brain. As the headache days/month is often measured by patient self-report and tends to be overestimated than actually experienced, the possibility of using neuroimaging data to predict migraine attack frequency is of great interest. To identify neuroimaging features that could objectively evaluate patients' headache days, a total of 179 migraineurs were recruited from two data center with one dataset used as the training/test cohort and the other used as the validating cohort. The guidelines for controlled trials of prophylactic treatment of chronic migraine in adults were used to identify the frequency of attacks and migraineurs were divided into low (MOl) and high (MOh) subgroups. Whole-brain functional connectivity was used to build multivariate logistic regression models with model iteration optimization to identify MOl and MOh. The best model accurately discriminated MOh from MOl with AUC of 0.91 (95%CI [0.86, 0.95]) in the training/test cohort and 0.79 in the validating cohort. The discriminative features were mainly located within the limbic lobe, frontal lobe, and temporal lobe. Permutation tests analysis demonstrated that the classification performance of these features was significantly better than chance. Furthermore, the indicator of functional connectivity had a higher odds ratio than behavioral variables with implementing a holistic regression analysis. The current findings suggested that the migraine attack frequency could be distinguished by using machine-learning algorithms, and highlighted the role of brain functional connectivity in revealing underlying migraine-related neurobiology.

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