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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(1): 59, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431838

RESUMO

Small nucleolar RNA host gene 6 (SNHG6) is a newly discovered long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), while the regulatory mechanism of SNHG6 in chondrosarcoma is largely unknown. Here we found that SNHG6 expression was upregulated and showed positive correlation with the progression of chondrosarcoma. Functional assays demonstrated that SNHG6 was required for the proliferation, migration, and invasion of chondrosarcoma cells. Mechanistic study revealed that SNHG6 could recruit EZH2 and maintain high level of H3K27me3 to repress the transcription of tumor-suppressor genes, including KLF6. KLF6 was found to bind to the promoter region of SP1 and restrained its transcription, while SP1 could be recruited to the promoter region of SNHG6 and promoted its transcription to form a positive loop. In summary, this study reveals that SP1-induced SNHG6 forms a positive loop to facilitate the carcinogenesis of chondrosarcoma through the suppression of KLF6 by recruiting EZH2, which manifests the oncogenic function of SNHG6 in chondrosarcoma.

2.
Cell Death Differ ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462409

RESUMO

The DNA-PK maintains cell survival when DNA damage occurs. In addition, aberrant activation of the DNA-PK induces centrosome amplification, suggesting additional roles for this kinase. Here, we showed that the DNA-PK-p53 cascade induced primary cilia formation (ciliogenesis), thus maintaining the DNA damage response under genotoxic stress. Treatment with genotoxic drugs (etoposide, neocarzinostatin, hydroxyurea, or cisplatin) led to ciliogenesis in human retina (RPE1), trophoblast (HTR8), lung (A459), and mouse Leydig progenitor (TM3) cell lines. Upon genotoxic stress, several DNA damage signaling were activated, but only the DNA-PK-p53 cascade contributed to ciliogenesis, as pharmacological inhibition or genetic depletion of this pathway decreased genotoxic stress-induced ciliogenesis. Interestingly, in addition to localizing to the nucleus, activated DNA-PK localized to the base of the primary cilium (mother centriole) and daughter centriole. Genotoxic stress also induced autophagy. Inhibition of autophagy initiation or lysosomal degradation or depletion of ATG7 decreased genotoxic stress-induced ciliogenesis. Besides, inhibition of ciliogenesis by depletion of IFT88 or CEP164 attenuated the genotoxic stress-induced DNA damage response. Thus, our study uncovered the interplay among genotoxic stress, the primary cilium, and the DNA damage response.

3.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 45, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Residential mobility during childhood increases risk of psychopathology in adulthood and is a common experience among Chinese children. This study investigated associations between number and age of first move, etiological risk factors for psychopathology, and common mental disorders in adolescence and early adulthood. METHODS: The sample included 39,531 undergraduates (84.5% completion rate) age 15-34 years in their first year at a Chinese comprehensive university in annual cross-sectional surveys during 2014-2018. Common mental disorders measured using standardised self-report instruments. Data analysed using logistic regression models and interaction analysis. RESULTS: Half of all students experienced one or more moves of residence before age 15 years. Outcomes of Depression, Somatisation, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Hallucinations and Delusions, and Suicide attempts showed dose-response relationships with increasing number of moves. Other etiological risk factors, including childhood disadvantage and maltreatment, showed similar dose response relationships but did not confound associations with mobility. We found interactions between reporting any move and being a left-behind child on depression and somatisation; number of moves and younger age at first move on depression, somatisation, suicide attempts and hallucinations and delusions. CONCLUSIONS: Residential mobility in childhood is associated with psychopathology in adulthood and this association increases with increasing number of moves. Mobility is also associated with childhood disadvantage and maltreatment but associations with psychopathology are independent of these factors. Multiplicative effects were shown for multiple moves starting at a younger age and if the participant had been a left-behind child.

4.
J Clin Invest ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465051

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis, a common pathological manifestation of virtually all types of chronic kidney diseases (CKD), often results in diffuse kidney scarring and predisposes to end-stage renal disease. Currently, there is no effective therapy against renal fibrosis. Recently, our laboratory identified an ER-resident protein, thioredoxin domain containing 5 (TXNDC5), as a critical mediator of cardiac fibrosis. Transcriptome analyses of renal biopsy specimens from CKD patients revealed marked TXNDC5 upregulation in fibrotic kidneys, suggesting a potential role of TXNDC5 in renal fibrosis. Employing multiple fluorescent reporter mouse lines, we showed that TXNDC5 was specifically upregulated in collagen-secreting fibroblasts in fibrotic mouse kidneys. In addition, we showed that TXNDC5 was required for TGFß1-induced fibrogenic responses in human kidney fibroblasts (HKF), whereas TXNDC5 over-expression was sufficient to promote HKF activation, proliferation and collagen production. Mechanistically, we showed that TXNDC5, transcriptionally controlled by ATF6-dependent ER stress pathway, mediates its pro-fibrogenic effects by enforcing TGFß signaling activity through post-translational stabilization and upregulation of type I TGFß receptor in kidney fibroblasts. Using a tamoxifen-inducible, fibroblast-specific Txndc5 knockout mouse line, we demonstrated that deletion of Txndc5 in kidney fibroblasts mitigated the progression of established kidney fibrosis, suggesting the therapeutic potential of TXNDC5 targeting for renal fibrosis and CKD. .

5.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 67, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the most important component of the vascular wall, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) participate in the pathological process by phenotype transformation or differentiation from stem/progenitor cells. The main purpose of this study was to reveal the role and related molecular mechanism of microRNA-30c-5p (miR-30c-5p) in VSMC differentiation from adventitial progenitor cells expressing stem cell antigen-1(Sca-1). METHODS: In this study, we detected the expression of miR-30c-5p in human normal peripheral arteries and atherosclerotic arteries. In vitro, a stable differentiation model from adventitial Sca-1+ progenitor cells to VSMCs was established using transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) induction and the expression of miR-30c-5p during the process was observed. Then, we explored the effect of miR-30c-5p overexpression and inhibition on the differentiation from adventitial Sca-1+ progenitor cells to VSMCs. The target genes of miR-30c-5p were identified by protein chip and biological analyses and the expression of these genes in the differentiation process were detected. Further, the relationship between the target gene and miR-30c-5p and its effect on differentiation were evaluated. Finally, the co-transfection of miR-30c-5p inhibitor and small interfering RNA (siRNA) of the target gene was implemented to verify the functional target gene of miR-30c-5p during the differentiation from adventitial Sca-1+ progenitor cells to VSMCs, and the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was performed to detect whether the mRNA 3'untranslated region (UTR) of the target gene is the direct binding site of miR-30c-5p. RESULTS: The expression of miR-30c-5p in the human atherosclerotic arteries was significantly lower than that in the normal arteries. During the differentiation from adventitial Sca-1+ progenitor cells to VSMCs, the expression of VSMC special markers including smooth muscle α-actin (SMαA), smooth muscle-22α (SM22α), smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SMMHC), and h1-caponin increased accompanied with cell morphology changing from elliptic to fusiform. Meanwhile, the expression of miR-30c-5p decreased significantly. In functional experiments, overexpression of miR-30c-5p inhibited SMαA, SM22α, SMMHC, and h1-caponin at the mRNA and protein levels. In contrast, inhibition of miR-30c-5p promoted the expression of SMαA, SM22α, SMMHC, and h1-caponin. The target gene, osteoprotegerin (OPG), was predicted through protein chip and bioinformatics analyses. Overexpression of miR-30c-5p inhibited OPG expression while inhibition of miR-30c-5p had an opposite effect. Co-transfection experiments showed that low expression of OPG could weaken the promotion effect of miR-30c-5p inhibitor on the differentiation from adventitial Sca-1+ progenitor cells to VSMCs and the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay demonstrated that miR-30c-5p could target the mRNA 3'UTR of OPG directly. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that miR-30c-5p expression was significantly decreased in atherosclerotic arteries and miR-30c-5p inhibited VSMC differentiation from adventitial Sca-1+ progenitor cells through targeting OPG, which may provide a new target for the treatment of VSMCs-associated diseases.

6.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440075

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The treatment couch position of a patient in external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is usually acquired during initial treatment setup. This procedure has shown potential failure modes leading to near misses and adverse events in radiation treatment. This study aims to develop a method to automatically determine the couch position before setting up a patient for initial treatment. METHODS: The Qfix couch-tops (kVue and DoseMax) have embedded reference marks (BBs) indicating its index levels and couch centerline. With the ESAPI, a C# script was programmed to automatically find the couch-top and embedded BBs in the planning CT and derive the treatment couch position according to treatment isocenter of a plan. Couch positions of EBRT plans with the kVue couch-top and SBRT plans using the DoseMax were calculated using the script. The calculation was evaluated by comparing calculated positions with couch coordinates captured during the initial treatment setup after image guidance. The calculations were further compared with daily treatment couch positions post image-guided adjustment for each treatment fraction. RESULTS: For plans using the kVue couch-top for various treatment sites, the median (5-95 percentiles) differences between calculated and captured couch positions were 0.1 (-0.2 - 0.9), 0.5 (-1.1-2.0), 0.10 (-1.3-1.3) cm in the vertical, longitudinal, and lateral direction respectively. For the DoseMax couch-top, the median differences were 0.1 (-0.2-0.7), 0.2 (-0.3-1.1), and 0.2 (-0.7-0.9) cm in respective direction. The calculated positions were within 1 and 2 cm from the mean fraction positions for 95% patients on DoseMax and kVue couch-top respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A method that automatically and accurately calculates treatment couch position from simulation CT was implemented in Varian Eclipse for Qfix couch-tops. This technique increases the efficiency of patient setup and enhances patient safety by reducing the risks of positioning errors.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24235, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429823

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Catheter-related thrombosis is a serious complication of lung transplantation under venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Although ECMO-related thrombosis is not uncommon, there are few reports of giant hollow catheter thrombosis in lung transplantation under venovenous ECMO (ECMO). Blood loss and transfusion of coagulation factors may promote ECMO-related thrombosis. Hollow catheter thrombus was not detected on ultrasonography performed after initiation of ECMO. Therefore, it is essential to identify, manage, and reduce or avoid such thrombosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a rare case of a 43-year-old man with advanced silicosis who developed a massive hollow catheter thrombus during lung transplantation. Anticoagulant therapy did not affect the size of the thrombus. DIAGNOSIS: Giant hollow catheter thrombosis was diagnosed by ultrasonography. Thrombosis from the right external iliac vein to the inferior vena cava was found in the shape of the ECMO pipe. INTERVENTIONS: Heparin was prescribed as an anticoagulant. OUTCOMES: Anticoagulant therapy did not affect the size of the thrombus during 2 weeks. The patient developed an infection and died of multiple organ failure. CONCLUSION: It is uncommon for massive hollow thrombus to occur during venovenous-ECMO-assisted lung transplantation. Fibrinogen and prothrombin complexes promote the formation of thrombus, and the measurement of the wall thickness of ECMO catheter may help to detect such thrombus.

8.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 876-883, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428405

RESUMO

Although metal nanoclusters (MNCs) have shown great promise for the further development of photochemical techniques to be applied in diverse areas (e.g., photoelectronic devices, photochemical sensors, photocatalysts, and energy storage and conversion systems), the fundamental problem of their electron transfer behavior still remains unsolved. Herein, a driving force-dependent photoinduced electron transfer process of gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) is clarified for the first time from a rational-designed opposite-charged system. It was found that the electron transfer dynamic of carboxylated chitosan and dithiothreitol-commodified AuNCs (CC/DTT-AuNCs) can be satisfactorily described by the Marcus electron transfer theory. This proved model was applied to estimate the ultrafast charge separation process between CC/DTT-AuNCs and mitoxantrone, which was confirmed by fluorescence quenching and femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy measurements. We envision that this work will open a new door for understanding the electron transfer behavior of MNCs and facilitate the design of advanced optoelectronic devices.

9.
Cancer Res ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414172

RESUMO

Invadopodia are actin-based proteolytic membrane protrusions required for invasive behavior and tumor growth. In this study, we used our high-content screening assay to identify kinases whose activity impacts invadopodia formation. Among the top hits selected for further analysis was TAO3, a STE20-like kinase of the GCK subfamily. TAO3 was overexpressed in many human cancers and regulated invadopodia formation in melanoma, breast, and bladder cancers. Furthermore, TAO3 catalytic activity facilitated melanoma growth in 3-dimensional matrices and in vivo. A novel, potent catalytic inhibitor of TAO3 was developed that inhibited invadopodia formation and function as well as tumor cell extravasation and growth. Treatment with this inhibitor demonstrated that TAO3 activity is required for endosomal trafficking of TKS5α, an obligate invadopodia scaffold protein. A phosphoproteomics screen for TAO3 substrates revealed the dynein subunit protein LIC2 as a relevant substrate. Knockdown of LIC2 or expression of a phosphomimetic form promoted invadopodia formation. Thus, TAO3 is a new therapeutic target with a distinct mechanism of action.

10.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(2): 520-527, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390821

RESUMO

Background: Multiple societies including the Fleischner Society do not recommend that CT is routinely used in asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections; however, this advice is based on the limited evidence. In this study, we aim to confirm whether it is necessary to do CT scans in SARS-CoV-2 asymptomatic infections by summarizing the longitudinal chest CT and clinical features of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections. Methods: A total of 33 individuals (14 men and 19 women) with asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections were retrospectively enrolled. Clinical data of CT positive and negative groups were compared. Longitudinal chest CT scans were reviewed for CT features and analyzed for temporal change. Results: Thirty-two (97%) individuals had positive results for first RT-PCR testing. For clinical data, only monocyte count showed a significant difference between CT positive and negative groups. For first chest CT, only eighteen (54.5%) individuals had abnormal manifestations, common CT features were GGO (88.9%) and consolidation (33.3%), the median number of segments involved was 3.0 (1.0-7.5). No case in CT negative group was abnormal on the follow-up CT. Three patterns of evolution throughout series of CT were observed in CT positive group, including gradual improvement (12, 66.7%), mismatch to improvement (3, 16.7%) and mild progression to improvement (3, 16.7%). On last CT scans, most cases had radiographic improvement but residual abnormalities. Significant differences were exhibited in density, long diameter, number of lung segments involved, and percentage of consolidation between the first and last CT scans. All cases had stable conditions and finally confirmed negative for SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR tests without developing into severe pneumonia. Conclusion: Considering poor performance of CT in screening, stable conditions during followup, and good outcomes in asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections, we confirm that it is unnecessary to do CT scans in asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas , Radiografia Torácica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Desnecessários
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the characteristics and the factors influencing the occurrence of the Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS) for a population grinding handheld workpieces in a subtropical environment. METHODS: A total of 803 workers grinding handheld workpieces formed the exposure group and 464 workers not exposed to hand-transmitted vibration (HTV) were recruited as the non-exposed group within the same factory in a subtropical climate area. The basic personal information and clinical symptoms reported were collected by trained physicians using a questionnaire and representative measurements were made of the HTV exposure levels and dose. RESULTS: The average HTV exposure dose A(8) was measured as 5.3 ± 2.0 m/s2. The proportion of grinders reporting finger blanching was 15.4% while it was 27.5% for finger numbness. Among the non-exposed group, that proportion was 0% and 6.3% respectively. There was a positive association between the vibration exposure duration and the occurrence of finger blanching, finger numbness and finger coldness. Riding a motorcycle to work was also identified as a factor that could contribute to a higher prevalence of finger blanching among the exposed workers, the OR value was found to be 1.75 (1.12, 2.75). CONCLUSIONS: Workers exposed to vibration in a subtropical area can also present evidence of finger blanching in addition to neurological symptoms. The reported rate of HAVS was positively associated with the exposure duration. And the levels of the duration of exposure relative to symptoms of vibration white finger in a subtropical temperate environment exposed to a high-frequency vibration might be deemphasized by the current ISO weighting. Motorcycle transportation to work was identified as a factor that could influence the development of the HAVS among the exposed population of grinders.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is increasing day by day, thereby increase the chances of more infections by resistant bacteria. In this situation, antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) is gaining more attraction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antimicrobial effect of ALA- derivatives using photodynamic therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the aPDT effect of different derivatives of 5-ALA. In vivo and in vitro studies were performed to measure the antimicrobial activity. Different light doses and different concentrations of drugs were used to test anti-bacterial effect of drugs as well as to detect any physiological changes in animal model after the treatment. RESULTS: In vivo studies revealed that ALA-methyl ester, ALA-hexyl ester, and ALA-13A are potent photosensitizers. In vitro studies involved wound healing rate, body weight, and dietary intake were evaluated, and results showed that ALA, ALA-methyl ester, ALA-hexyl ester, and ALA-13A had good anti-bacterial effects, fast healing rate and no effect on other physical parameters. CONCLUSION: Photodynamic therapy is increasingly used to treat different types of skin infections caused by bacterial strains. Our studies revealed that ALA-methyl ester, ALA-hexyl ester, and ALA-13A are promising photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy to inhibit the growth of resistant bacterial strains.

13.
J Radiat Res ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454767

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to use a murine model to determine if melatonin can protect the inner ear from radiation-induced damage. A total of 81 4-week-old Balb/c mice were randomly divided into five groups: control group; 50 mg/kg melatonin group; 5 mg/kg melatonin+radiotherapy group; 50 mg/kg melatonin+radiotherapy group; radiotherapy group. The radiotherapy groups received 16 Gy irradiation and melatonin was administered by intraperitoneal injection 30 min before radiotherapy. On days 3 and 7 after irradiation the function of outer hair cells was determined by auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) testing, pathological changes of inner ear cells were observed by light microscopy, and the expression of prestin mRNA was determined. ABR thresholds were increased and wave I latencies were extended after radiotherapy; however, the increases were lower in the groups that received melatonin (P < 0.05). DPOAEs showed radiotherapy-induced hearing loss at 8-12 kHz, and hearing loss was greater on day 7 than day 3. However, hearing loss was less in the melatonin groups (P < 0.05). Histopathological examination showed irradiation resulted in breaks and distortion of the cochlear basement membrane, disruption of the stria vascularis, and swelling of outer hair cells. Melatonin reduced these changes. Radiotherapy upregulated prestin mRNA expression. Radiotherapy-induced upregulation of prestin was decreased in the melatonin groups (P < 0.05), and the decrease was greater in the 50 mg/kg melatonin group (P < 0.05). Melatonin protects against radiation-induced cochlear damage by reducing damage to outer hair cells.

14.
Cells ; 10(1)2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435396

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has long been known to cause significant digestive tract pathology. Of note, indoxyl sulfate is a gut microbe-derived uremic toxin that accumulates in CKD patients. Nevertheless, the relationship between gut microbiota, fecal indole content, and blood indoxyl sulfate level remains unknown. In our study, we established an adenine-induced CKD rat model, which recapitulates human CKD-related gut dysbiosis. Synbiotic treatment in CKD rats showed a significant reduction in both the indole-producing bacterium Clostridium and fecal indole amount. Furthermore, gut microbiota diversity was reduced in CKD rats but was restored after synbiotic treatment. Intriguingly, in our end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients, the abundance of indole-producing bacteria, Bacteroides, Prevotella, and Clostridium, is similar to that of healthy controls. Consistently, the fecal indole tends to be higher in the ESKD patients, but the difference did not achieve statistical significance. However, the blood level of indoxyl sulfate was significantly higher than that of healthy controls, implicating that under an equivalent indole production rate, the impaired renal excretion contributes to the accumulation of this notorious uremic toxin. On the other hand, we did identify two short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria, Faecalibacterium and Roseburia, were reduced in ESKD patients as compared to the healthy controls. This may contribute to gut dysbiosis. We also identified that three genera Fusobacterium, Shewanella, and Erwinia, in the ESKD patients but not in the healthy controls. Building up gut symbiosis to treat CKD is a novel concept, but once proved effective, it will provide an additional treatment strategy for CKD patients.

15.
Neurol Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435858

RESUMO

Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) has high disability rate and low cure rate, which frustrates the patients and brings a heavy burden to their families. This study aimed to explore whether NF-κB1 could induce the expression of LINC00665 and form a feedback loop with miR-34a-5p to regulate inflammation and apoptosis of neurons. Results: Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scoring was decreased, damage for spinal cord tissue was aggravated and neuron number was decreased in SCI rats. The levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 in serum and the expression of LINC00665 and NF-κB1 in spinal cord tissues were all increased in SCI rats. After LPS induction, PC12 cell viability was decreased. The expression of LINC00665 and NF-κB1 in LPS-induced PC12 cells was increased, which was partially reversed by BAY11-7082 (NF-κB inhibitor). Inhibition of LINC00665 improved cell viability, suppressed apoptosis and inflammation and down-regulated the NF-κB1 expression in LPS-induced PC12 cells. Furthermore, miR-34a-5p expression was decreased in LPS-induced PC12 cells, which could be promoted by inhibition of LINC00665. miR-34a-5p inhibitor restrained the effect of inhibition of LINC00665 on NF-κB1 expression in LPS-induced PC12 cells. Conclusion: inhibition of LINC00665 improved cell viability, suppressed apoptosis and inflammation in LPS-induced PC12 cells, and the NF-κB1/LINC00665/miR-34a-5ploop might be a useful therapeutic target in SCI treatment.

16.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439021

RESUMO

An unprecedented C(CO)-C(Ar) bond cleavage of ß-enaminones has been realized under mild and transition-metal-free conditions. The cascade transformation based on this C-C bond cleavage involves 1,3-O/C migration and aerobic hydroxylation and leads to various 5-hydroxy-1H-pyrrol-2(5H)-ones with broad functional group tolerance. The application of this methodology has been showcased by preparing 5-alkoxy-1H-pyrrol-2(5H)-one derivatives and a pyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-one derivative.

17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1144: 34-42, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453795

RESUMO

Herein, we report our strategy to develop the efficient chemosensor and real-time monitoring technique for cyanuric chloride (TCT) detection. A luminescent macrocyclic mononuclear Sm(III) complex Sm-2k bearing with two dynamic imine bonds has been constructed via the template synthesis between dialdehyde H2Qk and matched diamine 1,2-bis(2-aminoethoxy)ethane. Sensing experiments reveal that complex Sm-2k exhibits the turn-off fluorescent and colorimetric response for TCT in CH3OH. It is especially encouraging that this optical sensing process is not only rapid within 60 s but also high-efficient in the presence of TCT analogues as well as sensitive with the low limit of detection (LOD, 1.74 µM) and wide linear sensing range. Mechanism studies demonstrate that TCT sensing is mainly based on the imine bond transformation of probe Sm-2k, which is due to the increased acidity induced by TCT. Meanwhile, a smartphone-based analytical method was developed to make complex Sm-2k accessible for the real-time TCT detection by RGB value outputs. It is believed that this work can shed some constructive lights on design of chemosensors and convenient detection technique for highly reactive analytes.

18.
Langmuir ; 37(2): 949-956, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405936

RESUMO

The use of metal ions to bridge the fluorescent materials to target analytes has been demonstrated to be a promising way to sensor design. Herein, the effect of rare-earth ions on the fluorescence of l-methionine-stabilized gold nanoclusters (Met-AuNCs) was investigated. It was found that europium (Eu3+) can significantly suppress the emission of Met-AuNCs, while other rare-earth ions showed a negligible impact. The mechanism on the observed fluorescence quenching of Met-AuNCs triggered by Eu3+ was systematically explored, with results revealing the dominant role of photoinduced electron transfer (PET). Eu3+ can bind to the surface of Met-AuNCs by the coordination effect and accepts the electron from the excited Met-AuNCs, which results in Met-AuNC fluorescence suppression. After introducing dipicolinic acid (DPA), an excellent biomarker for spore-forming pathogens, Eu3+ was removed from the surface of Met-AuNCs owing to the higher binding affinity between Eu3+ and DPA. Consequently, an immediate fluorescence recovery occurred when DPA was present in the system. Based on the Met-AuNC/Eu3+ ensemble, we then established a simple and sensitive fluorescence strategy for turn-on determination of biomarker DPA, with a linear range of 0.2-4 µM and a low limit of detection of 110 nM. The feasibility of the proposed method was further validated by the quantitative detection of DPA in the soil samples. We believe that this study would significantly facilitate the construction of metal-ion-mediated PET sensors for the measurement of various interested analytes by applying fluorescent AuNCs as detection probes.

19.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(2): 164-170, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Creating and maintaining a functioning arteriovenous access is essential for long-term hemodialysis patients. Transposed brachiobasilic fistula (BBF) or arteriovenous graft (AVG) becomes an option when radiocephalic or brachiocephalic fistula cannot be created or fails. This study compared the patency and complications between BBFs and AVGs among patients on hemodialysis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in Shuang Ho Hospital, Taiwan, from November 2015 to May 2020. All the operations were done by a single surgeon. Primary outcomes were primary patency, primary-assisted patency, and secondary patency of the BBF and AVG groups. Secondary outcomes were incidence of complications and reinterventions. RESULTS: Of the 144 consecutive patients, 20 and 124 patients underwent BBF and AVG creation, respectively. Median follow-up time was 19.2 months. Primary patency at 1 and 2 years were 67% and 19% in the BBF group and 44% and 16% in the AVG group (P = 0.126). Primary-assisted patency at 1 and 2 years were 82% and 54% in the BBF group and 54% and 30% in the AVG group (P = 0.012). Secondary patency at 1 and 2 years were 100% and 82% in the BBF group and 81% and 67% in the AVG group (P = 0.078). The incidence of complication was significantly higher in the AVG than in the BBF group (1.7 per patient-year vs 0.93, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Compared with the AVG group, BBF group showed better primary-assisted patency, less complication and intervention rates. Therefore, BBF is a reliable option for patients with exhausted cephalic veins if basilic vein is available for reconstruction.

20.
J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) ; 105(1): 72-79, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021002

RESUMO

Moringa oleifera and Morus alba leaves are nutritious non-traditional feed ingredients containing bioactive substances. This study was to evaluate the potential application of dietary Moringa and Morus leaf powder on the growth traits, carcass characteristics and meat quality of finishing pigs. Moringa did not alter growth performance or carcass characteristics, but it decreased meat b* value, increased MyHCIIa and decreased MyHCIIx mRNA levels, and increased CP and concentrations of Ala, Thr, Ile, Lys and Pro in longissimus thoracis. Morus increased final BW, ADFI and ADG, decreased F/G ratio, improved slaughter weight, carcass weight, carcass yield and meat a* value, and decreased shear force, drip loss, MyHCIIx and MyHCIIb mRNA levels, and increased MyHCI and MyHCIIa mRNA levels. Morus also increased CP, Glu, Gly, Ala, Arg, Ile, Phe, Pro, Ser, Tyr and Asp, and C16:1, C18:1n9c, C20:4n6, C18:3n3, C20:3n3, C22:1n9 and n-3 PUFA, but decreased C12:0 and C16:0. In summary, Morus improved the parameters and held great potential as an unconventional feed crop.

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