Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 10.623
Filtrar
1.
Elife ; 122024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567911

RESUMO

The antibiotic heliomycin (resistomycin), which is generated from Streptomyces resistomycificus, has multiple activities, including anticancer effects. Heliomycin was first described in the 1960s, but its clinical applications have been hindered by extremely low solubility. A series of 4-aminomethyl derivatives of heliomycin were synthesized to increase water solubility; studies showed that they had anti-proliferative effects, but the drug targets remained unknown. In this study, we conducted cellular thermal shift assays (CETSA) and molecular docking simulations to identify and validate that heliomycin and its water-soluble derivative, 4-(dimethylaminomethyl)heliomycin (designated compound 4-dmH) engaged and targeted with sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) in p53-functional SAS and p53-mutated HSC-3 oral cancer cells. We further addressed the cellular outcome of SIRT1 inhibition by these compounds and found that, in addition to SIRT1, the water-soluble 4-dmH preferentially targeted a tumor-associated NADH oxidase (tNOX, ENOX2). The direct binding of 4-dmH to tNOX decreased the oxidation of NADH to NAD+ which diminished NAD+-dependent SIRT1 deacetylase activity, ultimately inducing apoptosis and significant cytotoxicity in both cell types, as opposed to the parental heliomycin-induced autophagy. We also observed that tNOX and SIRT1 were both upregulated in tumor tissues of oral cancer patients compared to adjacent normal tissues, suggesting their clinical relevance. Finally, the better therapeutic efficacy of 4-dmH was confirmed in tumor-bearing mice, which showed greater tNOX and SIRT1 downregulation and tumor volume reduction when treated with 4-dmH compared to heliomycin. Taken together, our in vitro and in vivo findings suggest that the multifaceted properties of water-soluble 4-dmH enable it to offer superior antitumor value compared to parental heliomycin, and indicated that it functions through targeting the tNOX-NAD+-SIRT1 axis to induce apoptosis in oral cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Compostos Policíclicos , Sirtuína 1 , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , NAD/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Apoptose , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37647, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blocking screw technique has been widely applied in the treatment of long shaft fractures. However, the evidence with regard to whether intramedullary nail combined with blocking screw technique has better clinical efficacy over other is not clear. The aim of the study was to explore the clinical efficacy and complications of intramedullary nail combined with blocking screw technique in the treatment of femoral or tibial shaft fractures. METHODS: The PuMed, Embase, OVID, Cochrane library, Web of Science, Wanfang, CNKI and Weipu data were searched for studies of intramedullary nail combined with blocking screw in treatment of femoral or tibial shaft fracture published up to Aug 31 2023. Methodological quality of the trials was assessed, relevant data were extracted, and RevMan 5.3 and Stata 15.0 software were used to perform the meta-analysis of parameters related to the consequences. RESULT: Twenty articles were included, including 1267 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that compared with the non-blocking screw group, the blocking screw group had longer operation time (WMD = 13.24; 95% CI = 5.68-20.79, P = .0006) and more intraoperative fluoroscopy times (WMD = 57.62; 95% CI = 25.82-89.42, P = .0002). However, the postoperative therapeutic response rate was higher (OR = 5.60; 95% CI = 2.10-14.93, P = .0006), postoperative ankle joint function was better (OR = 3.48; 95% CI = 1.20-10.13, P = .02), and fracture healing rate was higher (OR = 3.56; 95% CI = 1.43-8.89, P = .006), fracture healing time was shorter (WMD = -3.59; 95% CI = -4.96 to -2.22, P < .00001), intraoperative blood loss was less (WMD = -54.80; 95% CI = -88.77 to -20.83, P = .002), hospitalization time was shorter (WMD = -1.66; 95% CI = -2.08 to -1.24, P < .00001), and complications were less (OR = 0.38; 95% CI = 0.16-0.89, P = .01). There was no statistical significance in the range of motion of knee joint between the 2 groups (WMD = 10.04; 95% CI = -1.51 to 21.59, P = .09). CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence shows that intramedullary nail combined with blocking screw technique in the treatment of lower limb long bone fracture has the advantages of good clinical efficacy, high fracture healing rate, short fracture healing time, good joint function, less complications and so on, which is worthy of clinical recommendation.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas da Tíbia , Humanos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Parafusos Ósseos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior , Pinos Ortopédicos
3.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2936, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580644

RESUMO

Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a cholestatic autoimmune liver disease characterized by autoreactive T cell response against intrahepatic small bile ducts. Here, we use Il12b-/-Il2ra-/- mice (DKO mice) as a model of autoimmune cholangitis and demonstrate that Cd8a knockout or treatment with an anti-CD8α antibody prevents/reduces biliary immunopathology. Using single-cell RNA sequencing analysis, we identified CD8+ tissue-resident memory T (Trm) cells in the livers of DKO mice, which highly express activation- and cytotoxicity-associated markers and induce apoptosis of bile duct epithelial cells. Liver CD8+ Trm cells also upregulate the expression of several immune checkpoint molecules, including PD-1. We describe the development of a chimeric antigen receptor to target PD-1-expressing CD8+ Trm cells. Treatment of DKO mice with PD-1-targeting CAR-T cells selectively depleted liver CD8+ Trm cells and alleviated autoimmune cholangitis. Our work highlights the pathogenic role of CD8+ Trm cells and the potential therapeutic usage of PD-1-targeting CAR-T cells.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Colangite , Cirrose Hepática Biliar , Camundongos , Animais , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/terapia , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Colangite/terapia , Doenças Autoimunes/genética
4.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 346, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The yak (Bos grunniens) is a large ruminant species that lives in high-altitude regions and exhibits excellent adaptation to the plateau environments. To further understand the genetic characteristics and adaptive mechanisms of yak, we have developed a multi-omics database of yak including genome, transcriptome, proteome, and DNA methylation data. DESCRIPTION: The Yak Genome Database ( http://yakgenomics.com/ ) integrates the research results of genome, transcriptome, proteome, and DNA methylation, and provides an integrated platform for researchers to share and exchange omics data. The database contains 26,518 genes, 62 transcriptomes, 144,309 proteome spectra, and 22,478 methylation sites of yak. The genome module provides access to yak genome sequences, gene annotations and variant information. The transcriptome module offers transcriptome data from various tissues of yak and cattle strains at different developmental stages. The proteome module presents protein profiles from diverse yak organs. Additionally, the DNA methylation module shows the DNA methylation information at each base of the whole genome. Functions of data downloading and browsing, functional gene exploration, and experimental practice were available for the database. CONCLUSION: This comprehensive database provides a valuable resource for further investigations on development, molecular mechanisms underlying high-altitude adaptation, and molecular breeding of yak.


Assuntos
Multiômica , Proteoma , Animais , Bovinos/genética , Proteoma/genética , Genoma , Transcriptoma , Anotação de Sequência Molecular
5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202400441, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587149

RESUMO

Nickel-catalyzed transannulation reactions triggered by the extrusion of small gaseous molecules have emerged as a powerful strategy for the efficient construction of heterocyclic compounds. However, it's asymmetric synthesis remains challenging because of the difficulty in controlling stereo- and regioselectivity. Herein, we report the first nickel-catalyzed asymmetric synthesis of N-N atropisomers by the denitrogenative transannulation of benzotriazones with internal alkynes. A broad range of N-N atropisomers was obtained with excellent regio- and enantioselectivity under mild conditions. Moreover, density functional theory (DFT) calculations provided insights into the nickel-catalyzed reaction mechanism and enantioselectivity control.

6.
Sci Adv ; 10(14): eadn1272, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578992

RESUMO

Direct conversion of hydrocarbons into amines represents an important and atom-economic goal in chemistry for decades. However, intermolecular cross-coupling of terminal alkenes with amines to form branched amines remains extremely challenging. Here, a visible-light and Co-dual catalyzed direct allylic C─H amination of alkenes with free amines to afford branched amines has been developed. Notably, challenging aliphatic amines with strong coordinating effect can be directly used as C─N coupling partner to couple with allylic C─H bond to form advanced amines with molecular complexity. Moreover, the reaction proceeds with exclusive regio- and chemoselectivity at more steric hinder position to deliver primary, secondary, and tertiary aliphatic amines with diverse substitution patterns that are difficult to access otherwise.

7.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 191, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570824

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the prognostic value of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity for monitoring reduced left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)in the patients with type 2 diabetes and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: The population of this cross-sectional study included 2377 inpatients with type 2 diabetes who had an ACS admitted to the Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2016 to January 2021. RESULTS: Diabetic patients with ACS were divided into 2 subgroups based on LVEF. The mean SOD activity was significantly lower in patients with an LVEF ≤ 45% than in those with an LVEF > 45% (149.1 (146.4, 151.9) versus 161.9 (160.8, 163.0)). Using ROC statistic, a cut-off value of 148.8 U/ml indicated an LVEF ≤ 45% with a sensitivity of 51.6% and a specificity of 73.7%. SODs activity were found to be correlated with the levels of NT-proBNP, hs-cTnT, the inflammatory marker CRP and fibrinogen. Despite taking the lowest quartile as a reference (OR 0.368, 95% CI 0.493-0.825, P = 0.001) or examining 1 normalized unit increase (OR 0.651, 95% CI 0.482-0.880, P = 0.005), SOD activity was found to be a stronger predictor of reduced LVEF than CRP and fibrinogen, independent of confounding factors. CONCLUSIONS: Our cross-sectional study suggests that SOD activity might be a valuable and easily accessible tool for assessing and monitoring reduced LVEF in the diabetic patients with ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Volume Sistólico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Estudos Transversais , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Superóxido Dismutase , Fibrinogênio
8.
Prev Med Rep ; 41: 102709, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576514

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the impact of a history of SARS-CoV-2 infection on the hesitancy of college students to receive additional COVID-19 vaccine booster doses. Methods: A population-based self-administered online survey was conducted in July 2024 in Taizhou, China. A total of 792 respondents were included in this study. Logistic regression was conducted to identify factors associated with college students' hesitation to receive booster doses of the COVID-19 vaccine. Results: Of 792 respondents, 32.2 % hesitated to receive additional doses of the COVID-19 vaccine booster. Furthermore, 23.5 % of the respondents reported an increase in hesitancy to receiving additional COVID-19 vaccine booster doses compared to before they were infected with SARS-CoV-2. In the regression analyses, college students who had a secondary infection were more hesitant to receive additional COVID-19 vaccine booster doses (OR = 0.481, 95 % CI: (0.299-0.774), P = 0.003). Moreover, students with secondary infections who were male (OR = 0.417, 95 % CI: 0.221-0.784, P = 0.007), with lower than a bachelor's degree (OR = 0.471, 95 % CI: 0.272-0.815, P = 0.007), in non-medical majors (OR = 0.460, 95 % CI: 0.248-0.856, P = 0.014), and sophomores or below (OR = 0.483, 95 % CI: 0.286-0.817, P = 0.007) were more hesitant to receive additional COVID-19 vaccine booster doses. Conclusion: A history of SARS-CoV-2 infection affects college students' hesitation to receive additional COVID-19 vaccine booster doses, which was higher in those who experienced secondary infections.

9.
medRxiv ; 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562723

RESUMO

Comprehending the mechanism behind human diseases with an established heritable component represents the forefront of personalized medicine. Nevertheless, numerous medically important genes are inaccurately represented in short-read sequencing data analysis due to their complexity and repetitiveness or the so-called 'dark regions' of the human genome. The advent of PacBio as a long-read platform has provided new insights, yet HiFi whole-genome sequencing (WGS) cost remains frequently prohibitive. We introduce a targeted sequencing and analysis framework, Twist Alliance Dark Genes Panel (TADGP), designed to offer phased variants across 389 medically important yet complex autosomal genes. We highlight TADGP accuracy across eleven control samples and compare it to WGS. This demonstrates that TADGP achieves variant calling accuracy comparable to HiFi-WGS data, but at a fraction of the cost. Thus, enabling scalability and broad applicability for studying rare diseases or complementing previously sequenced samples to gain insights into these complex genes. TADGP revealed several candidate variants across all cases and provided insight into LPA diversity when tested on samples from rare disease and cardiovascular disease cohorts. In both cohorts, we identified novel variants affecting individual disease-associated genes (e.g., IKZF1, KCNE1). Nevertheless, the annotation of the variants across these 389 medically important genes remains challenging due to their underrepresentation in ClinVar and gnomAD. Consequently, we also offer an annotation resource to enhance the evaluation and prioritization of these variants. Overall, we can demonstrate that TADGP offers a cost-efficient and scalable approach to routinely assess the dark regions of the human genome with clinical relevance.

10.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; : 116918, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570042

RESUMO

Fentanyl, a critical component of illicit drugs, poses a severe threat to public health, exacerbating the drug problem due to its potential fatality. Herein, we present two novel haptens designed with different attachment sites conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH), aiming to develop an efficacious vaccine against fentanyl. KLH-Fent-1 demonstrated superior performance over KLH-Fent-2 in antibody titer, blood-brain distribution, and antinociceptive tests. Consequently, we immunized mice with KLH-Fent-1 to generate fentanyl-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) using the hybridoma technique to compensate for the defects of active immunization in the treatment of opioid overdose and addiction. The mAb produced by hybridoma 9D5 exhibited the ability to recognize fentanyl and its analogs with a binding affinity of 10-10 M. Subsequently, we developed a human IgG1 chimeric mAb to improve the degree of humanization. Pre-treatment with murine and chimeric mAb significantly reduced the analgesic effect of fentanyl and altered its blood-brain biodistribution in vivo. Furthermore, in a mouse model of fentanyl-induced respiratory depression, the chimeric mAb effectively reversed respiratory depression promptly and maintained a certain level during the week. The development of high-affinity chimeric mAb gives support to combat the challenges of fentanyl misuse and its detrimental consequences. In conclusion, mAb passive immunization represents a viable strategy for addressing fentanyl addiction and overdose.

11.
Opt Express ; 32(7): 11629-11642, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571005

RESUMO

The perturbation of atmosphere turbulence is a significant challenge in orbital angular momentum shift keying-based free space optical communication (OAM-SK-FSO). In this study, we propose an adaptive optical demodulation system based on deep learning techniques. A conditional convolutional GAN (ccGAN) network is applied to recover the distorted intensity pattern and assign it to its specified class. Compared to existing methods based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs), our network demonstrates powerful capability in recovering the distorted light beam, resulting in a higher recognition accuracy rate under the same conditions. The average recognition accuracy rates are 0.9928, 0.9795 and 0.9490 when the atmospheric refractive index structure constant $C_n^2$ is set at 3 × 10-13, 4.45 × 10-13, 6 × 10-13m-2/3, respectively. The ccGAN network provides a promising potential tool for free space optical communication.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202402756, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563770

RESUMO

This article presents trioxa[9]circulene (3) as a novel member of hetero[n]circulenes. Its synthesis began with the synthesis of dimethoxydioxa[8]helicene (5) and used dimethoxydiepoxycyclononatrinaphthalene (4) as a key intermediate, despite the condensation reaction predominantly yielding a 1,4-addition byproduct. The structures and properties of 3-5 were extensively investigated using experimental and computational methods. Analysis of the crystal structures reveal elongation of the internal C-C bonds in the nine-membered ring of 3 compared to 4 and 5. Computational calculations demonstrate the remarkable flexibility of trioxa[9]circulene's saddle-shaped polycyclic framework, while the other two compounds are rigid with large racemization barriers. Optically pure forms of 4 and 5 exhibit absorption and luminescence dissymmetry factors on the order of 10-2, with smaller values observed for compound 4. In the crystal structures, molecules of 3 stack to form columns with remarkable π-π overlap, and the π-π interactions of 4 exhibit short intermolecular C-to-C contacts. Consequently, the solution-processed film of 4 functioned as a p-type organic semiconductor in field effect transistors.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(11): 113801, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563935

RESUMO

Manipulating radiation asymmetry of photonic structures is of particular interest in many photonic applications such as directional optical antenna, high efficiency on-chip lasers, and coherent light control. Here, we proposed a term of pseudopolarization to reveal the topological nature of radiation asymmetry in bilayer metagratings. Robust pseudopolarization vortex with an integer topological charge exists in P-symmetry metagrating, allowing for tunable directionality ranging from -1 to 1 in synthetic parameter space. When P-symmetry breaking, such vortex becomes pairs of C points due to the conservation law of charge, leading to the phase difference of radiation asymmetry from π/2 to 3π/2. Furthermore, topologically enabled coherent perfect absorption is robust with customized phase difference at will between two counterpropagating external light sources. This Letter can not only enrich the understanding of two particular topological photonic behaviors, i.e., bound state in the continuum and unidirectional guided resonance, but also provide a topological view on radiation asymmetry, opening an unexplored avenue for asymmetric light manipulation in on-chip laser, light-light switch, and quantum emitters.

14.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 12: 1363742, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558788

RESUMO

In recent years, stem cells and their secretomes, notably exosomes, have received considerable attention in biomedical applications. Exosomes are cellular secretomes used for intercellular communication. They perform the function of intercellular messengers by facilitating the transport of proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and therapeutic substances. Their biocompatibility, minimal immunogenicity, targetability, stability, and engineerable characteristics have additionally led to their application as drug delivery vehicles. The therapeutic efficacy of exosomes can be improved through surface modification employing functional molecules, including aptamers, antibodies, and peptides. Given their potential as targeted delivery vehicles to enhance the efficiency of treatment while minimizing adverse effects, exosomes exhibit considerable promise. Stem cells are considered advantageous sources of exosomes due to their distinctive characteristics, including regenerative and self-renewal capabilities, which make them well-suited for transplantation into injured tissues, hence promoting tissue regeneration. However, there are notable obstacles that need to be addressed, including immune rejection and ethical problems. Exosomes produced from stem cells have been thoroughly studied as a cell-free strategy that avoids many of the difficulties involved with cell-based therapy for tissue regeneration and cancer treatment. This review provides an in-depth summary and analysis of the existing knowledge regarding exosomes, including their engineering and cardiovascular disease (CVD) treatment applications.

15.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 18: 745-752, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558833

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the mediating effects of perceived social support between frailty and self-perceived burden (SPB) in elderly patients with diabetes and to provide a theoretical basis for reducing that burden. Methods: A total of 169 elderly patients with diabetes who were hospitalised in the endocrinology department of a third-class hospital in Wuxi between May 2020 and July 2022 were included in this study using the convenience sampling method. Patients were assessed by the general information questionnaire, the Chinese version of the Tilburg frailty inventory (TFI), the Self-Perceived Burden Scale (SPBS) and the Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS). The SPSS 22.0 software was used for Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. Model four of the SPSS PROCESS was used for mediating the effect analysis. Results: The SPBS of elderly patients with diabetes was positively correlated with the TFI (P < 0.01) and negatively correlated with the PSSS (P < 0.01). The results of the Bootstrap test showed that the mediating effect of the PSSS on the relationship between the TFI and the SPBS in elderly patients with diabetes was 0.296 (95% CI: 0.007, 0.066), and the mesomeric effect accounted for 17.3% of the total effect. Conclusion: The debilitation of elderly patients with diabetes can be reduced by decreasing their SPB through perceived social support. This can be achieved through comprehensive interventions by nurses.

16.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28278, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560217

RESUMO

Background: Globally, lung carcinoma remains the leading cause of death, with its associated morbidity and mortality rates remaining elevated. Despite the slow advancement of treatment, the outlook remains bleak. Cellular senescence represents a halt in the cell cycle, encompassing a range of physiological and pathological activities, along with diverse phenotypic alterations, including variations in secretory phenotype, macromolecular harm, and metabolic disturbances. Research has revealed its vital function in the formation and growth of tumors. This study aimed to examine cellular senescence-related mRNAs linked to the outlook of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to formulate a predictive risk framework for NSCLC. Methods: We acquired the NSCLC expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) to examine mRNAs linked to cellular senescence. Both single-variable and multiple-variable cox proportion risk assessments were utilized to determine the traits of cellular senescence-related mRNAs linked to NSCLC prognosis. Subsequently, the prognostic model for cellular senescence-related mRNAs was integrated with clinical-pathological characteristics to create a prognostic nomogram. Furthermore, the study delved into the risk-oriented predictive model, examining immune infiltration and responses to immunotherapy among both high and low-risk categories. Results: Utilizing both univariate and multivariate Cox proportion risk assessments, a risk model comprising 12 mRNAs associated with cellular aging was ultimately developed: IGFBP1, TLR3, WT1, ID1, PTTG1, ERRFI1, HEPACAM, MAP2K3, RAD21, NANOG, PRKCD, SOX5. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis illustrated that the risk score served as a standalone indicator for prognosis, and the hazard ratio (HR) of the risk score were 1.182 (1.139-1.226) (p < 0.001) and 1.162 (1.119 - 1.206) (p < 0.001), respectively. Individual prognoses were forecasted using nomogram, c-index, and principal component analysis (PCA). Furthermore, the risk-oriented model revealed notable statistical variances in immune infiltration and response to immunotherapy among the high and low risk categories. Conclusions: This study shows that mRNAs related to cell senescence associated with prognosis are reliable predictors of NSCLC immunotherapy reaction and prognosis.

17.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28274, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560183

RESUMO

Kuiper's statistic is a good measure for the difference of ideal distribution and empirical distribution in the goodness-of-fit test. However, it is a challenging problem to solve the critical value and upper tail quantile, or simply Kuiper pair, of Kuiper's statistics due to the difficulties of solving the nonlinear equation and reasonable approximation of infinite series. In this work, the contributions lie in three perspectives: firstly, the second order approximation for the infinite series of the cumulative distribution of the critical value is used to achieve higher precision; secondly, the principles and fixed-point algorithms for solving the Kuiper pair are presented with details; finally, finally, a mistake about the critical value cnα for (α,n)=(0.01,30) in Kuiper's distribution table has been labeled and corrected where n is the sample capacity and α is the upper tail quantile. The algorithms are verified and validated by comparing with the table provided by Kuiper. The methods and algorithms proposed are enlightening and worth of introducing to the college students, computer programmers, engineers, experimental psychologists and so on.

18.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e28389, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560693

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Venous thromboembolism (VTE), encompassing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and secondary pulmonary embolism (PE), represents a significant complication post-hip fracture in the elderly. It is a prevalent cause of VTE-related complications, prolonged hospitalization, and mortality. This study aimed to investigate the potential of the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) as a predictive marker for VTE in older patients following hip fracture. Methods: The study was structured as an observational, analytical, retrospective cohort analysis. A total of 346 elderly patients diagnosed with hip fracture were included. We retrospectively collated clinical and laboratory data for these patients. Using the bootstrap method, the patients were divided in a 7:3 ratio into a training cohort (DVT group = 170 patients; no-DVT group = 72 patients) and an internal validation cohort (DVT group = 81 patients; no-DVT group = 23 patients). In the training cohort, relevant indices were initially identified using univariate analysis. Subsequently, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic analysis was employed to determine significant potential independent risk factors (P < 0.05). A dynamic online diagnostic nomogram was developed, with its discriminative ability assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The nomogram's accuracy was further appraised using calibration plots. The clinical utility of the nomogram was evaluated through decision curve analysis (DCA) and corroborated by internal validation within the training set. Results: SII emerged as the sole independent risk factor identified from the multivariate logistic analysis of the training cohort and was incorporated into the VTE diagnostic nomogram for older patients' post-hip fracture. The nomogram demonstrated AUC values of 0.648 in the training cohort and 0.545 in the internal testing cohort. Calibration curves corroborated the close alignment of the nomogram's predicted outcomes with the ideal curve, indicating consistency between predicted and actual outcomes. The DCA curve suggested that all patients could derive benefit from this model. These findings were also validated in the validation cohort. Conclusion: The systemic immune-inflammation index is a robust predictor of venous thromboembolism in elderly patients following hip fracture, underscoring its potential as a valuable tool in clinical practice.

19.
Fitoterapia ; : 105938, 2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565379

RESUMO

Five new B-seco-limonoids, namely toonanoronoids A-E (1-5), in conjunction with three previously reported compounds, were isolated from the EtOAc extract of the twigs and leaves of Toona ciliata var. yunnanensis. Their structures were elucidated through comprehensive spectroscopic and X-ray crystallographic analysis. The cytotoxic activities of new compounds against five human tumor cell lines (HL-60, SMMC-7721, A549, MCF-7, and SW480) were screened, Compounds 4 and 5 exerted inhibition toward two tumor cell lines (HL-60, SW-480) with IC50 values between 1.7 and 5.9 µM.

20.
Ren Fail ; 46(1): 2330621, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI), served as a novel inflammatory biomarker, is the synthesis of neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes. AIMS: We hypothesized that SIRI has predictive value for contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) and long-term mortality in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We retrospectively observed 5685 patients undergoing elective PCI from January 2012 to December 2018. Venous blood samples were collected to obtain the experimental data on the day of admission or the morning of the next day. SIRI = neutrophil count × monocyte count/lymphocyte count. CA-AKI was defined as an increase of 50% or 0.3 mg/dl in SCr from baseline within 48 h after contrast exposure. RESULTS: The incidence of CA-AKI was 6.1% (n = 352). The best cutoff value of SIRI for predicting CA-AKI was 1.39, with a sensitivity of 52.3% and a specificity of 67.3%. [AUC: 0.620, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.590-0.651, p < 0.001]. After adjusting for potential confounders, multivariate analysis showed that the high SIRI group (SIRI > 1.39) was a strong independent predictor of CA-AKI in patients undergoing elective PCI compared with the low SIRI group (SIRI ≤ 1.39) (odds ratio = 1.642, 95% CI: 1.274-2.116, p < 0.001). Additionally, COX regression analysis showed that SIRI > 1.39 was significantly associated with long-term mortality at a median follow-up of 2.8 years. [Hazard ratio (HR)=1.448, 95%CI: 1.188-1.765; p < 0.001]. Besides, Kaplan-Meier survival curve also indicated that the cumulative rate of mortality was considerably higher in the high SIRI group. CONCLUSIONS: High levels of SIRI are independent predictors of CA-AKI and long-term mortality in patients undergoing elective PCI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...