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1.
J Med Chem ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574345

RESUMO

Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1), an important member of type I protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs), has emerged as a promising therapeutic target for various cancer types. In our previous study, we have identified a series of type I PRMT inhibitors, among which ZL-28-6 (6) exhibited increased activity against CARM1 while displaying decreased potency against other type I PRMTs. In this work, we conducted chemical modifications on compound 6, resulting in a series of (2-(benzyloxy)phenyl)methanamine derivatives as potent inhibitors of CARM1. Among them, compound 17e displayed remarkable potency and selectivity for CARM1 (IC50 = 2 ± 1 nM), along with notable antiproliferative effects against melanoma cell lines. Cellular thermal shift assay and western blot experiments confirmed that compound 6 effectively targets CARM1 within cells. Furthermore, compound 17e displayed good antitumor efficacy in a melanoma xenograft model, indicating that this compound warrants further investigation as a potential anticancer agent.

2.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 249: 108141, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lung tumor annotation is a key upstream task for further diagnosis and prognosis. Although deep learning techniques have promoted automation of lung tumor segmentation, there remain challenges impeding its application in clinical practice, such as a lack of prior annotation for model training and data-sharing among centers. METHODS: In this paper, we use data from six centers to design a novel federated semi-supervised learning (FSSL) framework with dynamic model aggregation and improve segmentation performance for lung tumors. To be specific, we propose a dynamically updated algorithm to deal with model parameter aggregation in FSSL, which takes advantage of both the quality and quantity of client data. Moreover, to increase the accessibility of data in the federated learning (FL) network, we explore the FAIR data principle while the previous federated methods never involve. RESULT: The experimental results show that the segmentation performance of our model in six centers is 0.9348, 0.8436, 0.8328, 0.7776, 0.8870 and 0.8460 respectively, which is superior to traditional deep learning methods and recent federated semi-supervised learning methods. CONCLUSION: The experimental results demonstrate that our method is superior to the existing FSSL methods. In addition, our proposed dynamic update strategy effectively utilizes the quality and quantity information of client data and shows efficiency in lung tumor segmentation. The source code is released on (https://github.com/GDPHMediaLab/FedDUS).

3.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; : 109533, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575039

RESUMO

The Commd (Copper Metabolism gene MURR1 Domain) family genes play crucial roles in various biological processes, including copper and sodium transport regulation, NF-κB activity, and cell cycle progression. Their function in Haliotis discus hannai, however, remains unclear. This study focused on identifying and analyzing the Commd genes in H. discus hannai, including their gene structure, phylogenetic relationships, expression profiles, sequence diversity, and alternative splicing. The results revealed significant homology between H. discus hannai's Commd genes and those of other mollusks. Both transcriptome quantitative analysis and qRT-PCR demonstrated the responsiveness of these genes to heat stress and Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Notably, alternative splicing analysis revealed that COMMD2, COMMD4, COMMD5, and COMMD7 produce multiple alternative splice variants. Furthermore, sequence diversity analysis uncovered numerous missense mutations, specifically 9 in COMMD5 and 14 in COMMD10. These findings contribute to expanding knowledge on the function and evolution of the Commd gene family and underscore the potential role of COMMD in the innate immune response of H. discus hannai. This research, therefore, offers a novel perspective on the molecular mechanisms underpinning the involvement of Commd genes in innate immunity, paving the way for further explorations in this field.

4.
Phytomedicine ; 129: 155548, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral leukoplakia (OLK), characterized by abnormal epithelial hyperplasia, is the most common precancerous oral mucosa lesion and is closely related to oxidative stress. Cucurbitacin B (CuB), a tetracyclic triterpenoid molecule derived from plants, has shown promising anti-proliferative and antioxidant effects in preclinical studies. However, whether CuB can play an antiproliferative role in OLK by regulating oxidative stress remains elusive. PURPOSE: To investigate the role of CuB in inhibiting the malignant progression of oral leukoplakia and to further explore its underlying mechanisms of action. METHODS: In vitro, the effect of CuB on the proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and cell cycle of OLK cells DOK was detected. The core genes and key pathways of OLK and CuB were analyzed in the transcriptome database, by using immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, and Western blot to evaluate the expression levels of the ferroptosis markers ROS, GSH, MDA, Fe2+, and marker genes SLC7A11, GPX4, and FTH1. Immunohistochemistry of human tissue was performed to investigate the expression of the SLC7A11. In vivo, the model of OLK was established in C57BL/6 mice and the biosafety of CuB treatment for OLK was further evaluated. RESULTS: CuB substantially suppressed the proliferation of DOK cells. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the core targets of OLK crossing with CuB include SLC7A11 and that the essential pathways involve ROS and ferroptosis. In vitro experiments indicated that CuB might promote ferroptosis by down-regulating the expression of SLC7A11. We observed a gradual increase in SLC7A11 expression levels during the progression from normal oral mucosa to oral leukoplakia with varying degrees of epithelial dysplasia. In vivo experiments demonstrated that CuB inhibited the malignant progression of OLK by promoting ferroptosis in OLK mice and exhibited a certain level of biosafety. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated for the first time that CuB could effectively inhibit the malignant progression of OLK by inducing ferroptosis via activating the SLC7A11/ mitochondrial oxidative stress pathway. These findings indicate that CuB could serve as the lead compound for the future development of anti-oral leukoplakia drugs.

5.
Obes Surg ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with obesity are more sensitive to pain and more likely to have acute postoperative pain (APP). Studies have shown that the depth of anesthesia may affect the incidence of APP. The purpose of the study was to look into the connection between APP and depth of anesthesia in patients with obesity undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. METHODS: This is a prospective, double-blinded randomized clinical trial, 90 patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy were randomly divided into two groups: the light anesthesia group (Bispectral Index of 50, BIS 50) and the deep anesthesia group (BIS 35). The degree of pain was evaluated by the visual analogue scale (VAS) at 0, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after surgery. The use of analgesics, grade of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and the Quality of Recovery-15 (QoR-15) score were recorded. RESULTS: The VAS scores at rest or coughing at 0, 12, and 24 h after surgery in the BIS 35 group were lower than those in the BIS 50 group (P < 0.05). Fewer patients in the deep anesthesia group needed analgesia during the recovery period, and patient satisfaction was higher on the 3rd day after surgery (P < 0.015, P < 0.032, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: For patients with obesity, maintaining a deeper depth of anesthesia during surgery is beneficial to reduce APP causes less need for additional analgesic drugs, and improves patient satisfaction.

8.
Pharmgenomics Pers Med ; 17: 91-103, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586176

RESUMO

Introduction: GRHL1 belongs to the family of Grainyhead-like (GRHL). Previous studies have shown that dysregulation of growth and survival pathways is associated with the GRHL family of gene cancers. Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors has changed the treatment paradigm for many tumors, including endometrial cancer (EC). However, the effect of GRHL1 on immunotherapy in EC and its relationship with immune cell infiltration are poorly understood. Methods: Differential expression of GRHL1 between EC and normal EC tissues was analyzed by searching the TCGA database, and the results were verified utilizing immunohistochemistry analyses. Next, the relationship between GRHL1, CD8+ T cells and tumor microenvironment (TME) was also investigated, and the effect of GRHL1 expression on immunotherapy in EC was evaluated. Results: According to the findings, EC tissues had elevated expression levels of GRHL1 relative to normal tissues. Patients with EC who expressed GRHL1 at high levels experienced worse overall survival (OS) and Progression-free survival (PFS) than those whose expression was lower. In addition, GRHL1 expression was negatively correlated with CD8+ T cells, and patients with high GRHL1 expression were less effective in receiving immunotherapy. Conclusion: The expression of GRHL1 was high in EC patients, and high expression of GRHL1 inhibits the proliferation of CD8+ T cells in the tumor microenvironment of EC and affect the efficacy of immunotherapy.

9.
Mol Cancer ; 23(1): 70, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cellular senescence frequently occurs during anti-cancer treatment, and persistent senescent tumor cells (STCs) unfavorably promote tumor progression through paracrine secretion of the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have recently emerged as a novel component of the SASP and primarily mediate the tumor-promoting effect of the SASP. Of note, the potential effect of EVs released from STCs on tumor progression remains largely unknown. METHODS: We collected tumor tissues from two cohorts of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients to examine the expression of p16, p21, and SERPINE1 before and after anti-cancer treatment. Cohort 1 included 22 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) who received neoadjuvant therapy before surgical resection. Cohort 2 included 30 patients with metastatic CRC (mCRC) who received first-line irinotecan-contained treatment. CCK-8, transwell, wound-healing assay, and tumor xenograft experiments were carried out to determine the impacts of EVs released from STCs on CRC progression in vitro and in vivo. Quantitative proteomic analysis was applied to identify protein cargo inside EVs secreted from STCs. Immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometer identification were utilized to explore the binding partners of SERPINE1. The interaction of SERPINE1 with p65 was verified by co-immunoprecipitation, and their co-localization was confirmed by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: Chemotherapeutic agents and irradiation could potently induce senescence in CRC cells in vitro and in human CRC tissues. The more significant elevation of p16 and p21 expression in patients after anti-cancer treatment displayed shorter disease-free survival (DFS) for LARC or progression-free survival (PFS) for mCRC. We observed that compared to non-STCs, STCs released an increased number of EVs enriched in SERPINE1, which further promoted the progression of recipient cancer cells. Targeting SERPINE1 with a specific inhibitor, tiplaxtinin, markedly attenuated the tumor-promoting effect of STCs-derived EVs. Additionally, the patients with greater increment of SERPINE1 expression after anti-cancer treatment had shorter DFS for LARC or PFS for mCRC. Mechanistically, SERPINE1 bound to p65, promoting its nuclear translocation and subsequently activating the NF-κB signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: We provide the in vivo evidence of the clinical prognostic implications of therapy-induced senescence. Our results revealed that STCs were responsible for CRC progression by producing large amounts of EVs enriched in SERPINE1. These findings further confirm the crucial role of therapy-induced senescence in tumor progression and offer a potential therapeutic strategy for CRC treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Vesículas Extracelulares , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteômica , Transdução de Sinais , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Retais/metabolismo , Senescência Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/metabolismo , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/farmacologia
10.
Cerebellum ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558026

RESUMO

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), a noninvasive neuroregulatory technique used to treat neurodegenerative diseases, holds promise for spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) treatment, although its efficacy and mechanisms remain unclear. This study aims to observe the short-term impact of cerebellar rTMS on motor function in SCA3 patients and utilize resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) to assess potential therapeutic mechanisms. Twenty-two SCA3 patients were randomly assigned to receive actual rTMS (AC group, n = 11, three men and eight women; age 32-55 years) or sham rTMS (SH group, n = 11, three men and eight women; age 26-58 years). Both groups underwent cerebellar rTMS or sham rTMS daily for 15 days. The primary outcome measured was the ICARS scores and parameters for regional brain activity. Compared to baseline, ICARS scores decreased more significantly in the AC group than in the SH group after the 15-day intervention. Imaging indicators revealed increased Amplitude of Low Frequency Fluctuation (ALFF) values in the posterior cerebellar lobe and cerebellar tonsil following AC stimulation. This study suggests that rTMS enhances motor functions in SCA3 patients by modulating the excitability of specific brain regions and associated pathways, reinforcing the potential clinical utility of rTMS in SCA3 treatment. The Chinese Clinical Trial Registry identifier is ChiCTR1800020133.

11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 174: 116518, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) participates in the regulation of gastrointestinal (GI) motility under normal conditions and might be involved in the regulation of GI dysmotility in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: CaSR antagonist-NPS-2143 was applied in in vivo and ex vivo experiments to study the effect and underlying mechanisms of CaSR inhibition on GI dysmotility in the MPTP-induced PD mouse model. FINDINGS: Oral intake of NPS-2143 promoted GI motility in PD mice as shown by the increased gastric emptying rate and shortened whole gut transit time together with improved weight and water content in the feces of PD mice, and the lack of influence on normal mice. Meanwhile, the number of cholinergic neurons, the proportion of serotonergic neurons, as well as the levels of acetylcholine and serotonin increased, but the numbers of nitrergic and tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive neurons, and the levels of nitric oxide synthase and dopamine decreased in the myenteric plexus in the gastric antrum and colon of PD mice in response to NPS-2143 treatment. Furthermore, the numbers of c-fos positive neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and cholinergic neurons in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) increased in NPS-2143 treated PD mice, suggesting the involvement of both the enteric (ENS) and central (CNS) nervous systems. However, ex vivo results showed that NPS-2143 directly inhibited the contractility of antral and colonic strips in PD mice via a non-ENS mediated mechanism. Further studies revealed that NPS-2143 directly inhibited the voltage gated Ca2+ channels, which might, at least in part, explain its direct inhibitory effects on the GI muscle strips. INTERPRETATION: CaSR inhibition by its antagonist ameliorated GI dysmotility in PD mice via coordinated neuronal regulation by both ENS and CNS in vivo, although the direct effects of CaSR inhibition on GI muscle strips were suppressive.

12.
Perfusion ; : 2676591241244983, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565217

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We set out to investigate whether the use of Histidine-Tryptophan-Ketoglutarate (HTK) solution or del Nido cardioplegia is linked to an increased incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out at our center, with a total of 478 patients included in the analysis. Among them, 268 patients were administered the del Nido solution (DN) while 210 patients received the HTK solution. The primary focus of this study was to assess the occurrence of postoperative AKI and the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT). Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between the type of cardioplegia used and adverse kidney outcomes. Additionally, serum levels of sodium, potassium, and ionized calcium were monitored during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). RESULTS: The incidence of AKI was significantly higher in the HTK group compared to the DN group [(48/220 (21.81%) vs. 24/186 (12.90%), p = .049], although the rate of RRT did not show a statistically significant difference (9/48, 18.75% vs. 6/24, 25%, p = .538). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that HTK was a significant risk factor for AKI. Furthermore, serum sodium and calcium levels were found to decrease following HTK cardioplegic infusion. Conclusion: Our study provides compelling evidence of the impact of cardioplegic solutions on postoperative AKI rates. It underscores the importance of optimizing cardiac arrest protocols. These findings warrant further prospective investigations into the influence of cardioplegic solutions on electrolyte imbalances and postoperative AKI rates.

13.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565799

RESUMO

Intestinal macrophages play crucial roles in both intestinal inflammation and immune homeostasis. They can adopt two distinct phenotypes, primarily determined by environmental cues. These phenotypes encompass the classically activated pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype, as well as the alternatively activated anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype. In regular conditions, intestinal macrophages serve to shield the gut from inflammatory harm. However, when a combination of genetic and environmental elements influences the polarization of these macrophages, it can result in an M1/M2 macrophage activation imbalance, subsequently leading to a loss of control over intestinal inflammation. This shift transforms normal inflammatory responses into pathological damage within the intestines. In patients with ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal cancer (UC-CRC), disorders related to intestinal inflammation are closely correlated with an imbalance in the polarization of intestinal M1/M2 macrophages. Therefore, reinstating the equilibrium in M1/M2 macrophage polarization could potentially serve as an effective approach to the prevention and treatment of UC-CRC. This paper aims to scrutinize the clinical evidence regarding Chinese medicine (CM) in the treatment of UC-CRC, the pivotal role of macrophage polarization in UC-CRC pathogenesis, and the potential mechanisms through which CM regulates macrophage polarization to address UC-CRC. Our objective is to offer fresh perspectives for clinical application, fundamental research, and pharmaceutical advancement in UC-CRC.

14.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The important wood-boring pest Batocera horsfieldi has evolved a sensitive olfactory system to locate host plants. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) are thought to play key roles in olfactory recognition. Therefore exploring the physiological function of OBPs could facilitate a better understanding of insect chemical communications. RESULTS: In this research, 36 BhorOBPs genes were identified via transcriptome sequencing of adults' antennae from B. horsfieldi, and most BhorOBPs were predominantly expressed in chemosensory body parts. Through fluorescence competitive binding and fluorescence quenching assays, the antenna-specific BhorOBP28 was investigated and displayed strong binding affinities forming stable complexes with five volatiles, including (+)-α-Pinene, (+)-Limonene, ß-Pinene, (-)-Limonene, and (+)-Longifolene, which could also elicit conformation changes when they were interacting with BhorOBP28. Batocera horsfieldi females exhibited a preference for (-)-Limonene, and a repellent response to (+)-Longifolene. Feeding dsOBP19 produced by a bacteria-expressed system with a newly constructed vector could lead to the knockdown of BhorOBP28, and could further impair B. horsfieldi attraction to (-)-Limonene and repellent activity of (+)-Longifolene. The analysis of site-directed mutagenesis revealed that Leu7, Leu72, and Phe121 play a vital role in selectively binding properties of BhorOBP28. CONCLUSION: By modeling the molecular mechanism of olfactory recognition, these results demonstrate that BhorOBP28 is involved in the chemoreception of B. horsfieldi. The bacterial-expressed dsRNA delivery system gains new insights into potential population management strategies. Through the olfactory process concluded that discovering novel behavioral regulation and environmentally friendly control options for B. horsfieldi in the future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Appl Opt ; 63(9): 2271-2278, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568582

RESUMO

High-efficiency and high-quality removal of sulfurized silicone rubber from insulator surfaces is paramount for high-voltage power systems. To address this issue, and aiming to achieve precise and nondestructive cleaning of room temperature vulcanized (RTV) coatings, we selected millisecond laser cleaning technology in this study. Successful and efficient cleaning of the RTV coating was performed by adjusting laser parameters. Characterization techniques, including scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and confocal microscopy, were employed to comprehensively assess the cleaning effects and ensure the integrity of the substrate surface. The results indicate that by adjusting the scanning power combination of the high power of the millisecond pulse laser to 200 W and the low power of 150 W, the glass substrate surface maintains excellent roughness and micro-morphological features after laser cleaning, providing optimal conditions for subsequent processing and utilization. This research contributes an efficient and cost-effective solution to the insulation treatment process in high-voltage power systems.

16.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 141, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561739

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is an aggressive bone tumor with strong invasiveness, rapid metastasis, and dreadful mortality. Chemotherapy is a commonly used approach for OS treatment but is limited by the development of drug resistance and long-term adverse effects. To date, OS still lacks the curative treatment. Herein, we fabricated pyrite-based nanoparticles (FeS2@CP NPs) as synergetic therapeutic platform by integrating photothermal therapy (PTT) and chemo-dynamic therapy (CDT) into one system. The synthetic FeS2@CP NPs showed superior Fenton reaction catalytic activity. FeS2@CP NPs-based CDT efficaciously eradicated the tumor cells by initiating dual-effect of killing of apoptosis and ferroptosis. Furthermore, the generated heat from FeS2@CP under near-infrared region II (NIR-II) laser irradiation could not only inhibit tumor's growth, but also promote tumor cell apoptosis and ferroptosis by accelerating •OH production and GSH depletion. Finally, the photothermal/NIR II-enhanced CDT synergistic therapy showed excellent osteosarcoma treatment effects both in vitro and in vivo with negligible side effects. Overall, this work provided a high-performance and multifunctional Fenton catalyst for osteosarcoma synergistic therapy, which provided a pathway for the clinical application of PTT augmented CDT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Osteossarcoma , Sulfetos , Humanos , Terapia Fototérmica , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Ferro , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
17.
Bone ; 183: 117094, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582289

RESUMO

The present study aimed to establish and evaluate a preclinical model of steroid-associated osteonecrosis (SAON) in mice. Sixteen 24-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were used to establish SAON by two intraperitoneal injections of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), followed by three subcutaneous injections of methylprednisolone (MPS). Each injection was conducted on working day, with an interval of 24 h. Six cycles of injections were conducted. Additional twelve mice (age- and gender-matched) were used as normal controls. At 2 and 6 weeks after completing induction, bilateral femora and bilateral tibiae were collected for histological examination, micro-CT scanning, and bulk RNA sequencing. All mice were alive until sacrificed at the indicated time points. The typical SAON lesion was identified by histological evaluation at week 2 and week 6 with increased lacunae and TUNEL+ osteocytes. Micro-CT showed significant bone degeneration at week 6 in SAON model. Histology and histomorphometry showed significantly lower Runx2+ area, mineralizing surface (MS/BS), mineral apposition rate (MAR), bone formation rate (BFR/BS), type H vessels, Ki67+ (proliferating) cells, and higher marrow fat fraction, osteoclast number and TNFα+ areas in SAON group. Bulk RNA-seq revealed changed canonical signaling pathways regulating cell cycle, angiogenesis, osteogenesis, and osteoclastogenesis in the SAON group. The present study successfully established SAON in mice with a combination treatment of LPS and MPS, which could be considered a reliable and reproducible animal model to study the pathophysiology and molecular mechanism of early-stage SAON and to develop potential therapeutic approaches for the prevention and treatment of SAON.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; : 172302, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593879

RESUMO

Climate change and human activities have increased ecological risks and degraded ecosystem functions in alpine wetland grassland regions, where ecological security remains largely unexplored. The construction of ecological security patterns (ESP) can help to synchronize regional ecological security and sustainable development and provide ideas to address these challenges. This article determines the current ESP of Zoigê County, China, by analyzing the spatial and temporal characteristics of landscape ecological risk (LER) and generating an ecological network by combining the InVEST model, the landscape connectivity index, and the circuit theory model. Management zoning and targeted conservation recommendations are proposed. The results indicate that the region has significant spatial heterogeneity in IER. Ecological risk exposure is increasing, with high values mainly concentrated in the central part of the region. Meanwhile, ecological protection areas were identified, which included 2578.44 km2 of ecological sources, 71 key ecological corridors, 25 potential ecological corridors, 4 river ecological corridors, 66 pinch points, and 58 barriers. This study provides a valuable reference for the ecological development of Zoigê County, as well as insights into the formation of ESP in other alpine wetland grassland regions.

19.
Anal Methods ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591267

RESUMO

An elevated level of homocysteine (Hcy) in serum is closely related to the development of various diseases. Therefore, homocysteine has been widely employed as a biomarker in medical diagnosis and the on-site detection of homocysteine is highly desired. In this study, a truncated highly specific aptamer for homocysteine was screened and used to design a lateral flow strip (LFS) for the detection of homocysteine. The aptamer was derived from a previously reported sequence. Based on the result of molecular docking, the original sequence was subjected to truncation, resulting in a reduction of the length from 66 nt to 55 nt. Based on the truncated aptamer, the LFS was designed for the detection of homocysteine. In the presence of homocysteine, the aptamer selectively binds to it, releasing cDNA from the aptamer/cDNA duplex. This allows cDNA to bind to the capture probe immobilized on the T zone of the strip, resulting in a red signal on the T zone from gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The strip enables the visual detection of homocysteine in 5 min. Quantitative detection can be facilitated with the aid of ImageJ software. In this mode, the linear detection range for homocysteine is within 5-50 µM, with a detection limit of 4.18 µM. The strip has been effectively utilized for the detection of homocysteine in human serum. Consequently, the combination of the truncated aptamer and the strip offers a method that is sensitive, quick, and economical for the on-site detection of homocysteine.

20.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(3): 687-698, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Alcian blue (AB) and periodic acid Schiff (PAS) stains are representative mucus markers in gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC). They are low-cost special staining methods used to detect acidic mucus and neutral mucus, respectively. However, the clinical importance of the special combined AB and PAS stain is unclear. AIM: To investigate AB expression, PAS expression and the AB-to-PAS (A/P) ratio in gastric SRCC patients and to assess patient prognosis. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded sections from 83 patients with gastric SRCC were stained with AB and PAS, and signet ring cell positivity was assessed quantitatively. Immunohistochemical staining for Ki67, protein 53 (P53) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) was performed simultaneously. The cancer-specific survival (CSS) rate was estimated via Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox proportional hazards models were used for univariate and multivariate survival analyses. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the 3-year CSS rate was significantly greater in the high-PAS-expression subgroup than in the low-PAS-expression subgroup (P < 0.001). The 3-year CSS rate in the A/P ≤ 0.5 group was significantly greater than that in the A/P > 0.5 group (P = 0.042). Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the factors affecting prognosis included tumor diameter, lymph node metastasis, vessel carcinoma embolus, tumor stage, the A/P ratio and the expression of Ki67, P53 and the PAS. Cox multivariate regression analysis confirmed that low PAS expression [hazard ratio (HR) = 3.809, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.563-9.283, P = 0.003] and large tumor diameter (HR = 2.761, 95%CI: 1.086-7.020, P = 0.033) were independent risk factors for poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: A/P > 0.5 is potentially a risk factor for prognosis, and low PAS expression is an independent risk factor in the prognosis of gastric SRCC. PAS expression and the A/P ratio could help in predicting the clinical prognosis of patients with SRCC.

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